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SULTAN WARNED TO
APOLOGIZE OR FIGHT ULTIMATUM GIVEN TO TURKEY, DEMANDING EXPLANATION OF RECENT LOOTING. Two Previous Messages to Turkish Government Have Been Ignored, But Third One Must Be Answered ! or War Will Result i ju — Washington.—A virtual ultimatum was sent by the United States govern ment to Turkey, on June 25 demand ing an Immediate and satisfactory ex planation of the Tabriz Incident. There is strong reason to believe that failure on the part of Turkey to give fuvorable response will be follow ed by a declaration of war on the part of this nation. The demand—the third sent to the authorities In Constantinople since the incident occurred—was forwarded by Secretary of State Lansing through the Swedish government Sweden was beurer of one of the two previous com munications and Spain of the other. To neither of these previous messages has the Ottoman government paid the slightest attention. a Message Is Urgent. "This message," declared an official of the department, referring to the de mand, "means business." The offense, for which an explana tion is demutided, is the action of the Turks at Tabriz In sacking the United States hospital. The United States demands to know whether It was the outcome of irresponsible mobbing, fol lowed by the capture of Tabriz by the Turks. Officials made no effort to conceal their Impatience over the failure of the Constantinople foreign office to pay attention to the inquiries of this gov ernment's demand, am) It is admitted that the relations between the two governments have never been more strained than they are at the present moment. ~ DEMAND FAIR RAIL RATES. Westerners Endeavor to Rid Mountain Territory of Unjust Chargee. Salt Lake City.—Taking the stand that now Is the time for the lutermoun tain states to unite In a detcrrnlfvY effort to forever rid tills territory ot the hampering influences and stunting restrictions of discriminatory railroad rates, representatives of six states gathered here Tuesday discussed the situation and formulated a proposed system of graded rates to Intermoun tain points which it is proposed to submit to the railroad administration. At the meeting were prominent of ficials of the public utilities commis sions, commercial bodies and shippers of Utah, Idaho, Montana, Washington, Nevada and Arizona. Strike in Butte 8ettled. Butte, Mont.—Through a compro mise reached Tuesday the strike for higher wages Involving the plumbers and electricians' unions of Butte hus been settled. The differences were submitted to Louis Irvin, representing the federal department of labor, who conceded the demands of the unions in respect to wages, but modified tKe working rules of the unions In fuvor of the employers. Germany Preparing Excuses. Washington.—Germany is preparing her people for failure to win the wur this year by an extensive propaganda setting forth that In the event the Ger man armies are not able to overrun France this year the situation next year will he still better for Germany Ilian it was at the beginning of the present offensive and that u movement will be made then to put France entire ly out of tiie war. Would 8ettle Irish Problem. London.—In the house of commons Tuesday, Premier Lloyd George urged the need of settling the Irish problem, because It was Increasing the difficulties, not merely of the British government, hut the difficulties of the United States government in conduct ing the war. on Austrian Hopes Blasted. Washington.—An official dispatch from Rome on Tuesduy says the Aus In full retreat, and (hut triaus are papers taken from prisoners show that Austrlu had not contemplated tbe pos sibility of defeat and was promising her soldiers this offensive would be the lust stroke to put Italy out of the war. Taylor Heads Express Firm. New York.—George C. Taylor has been elected president of the new . American Railway Express company, which will assume control of virtually 'all the express lines iu the United contract with W. G. Btatcs under a MeAdoo, director general of railroads. Raise Chinese Embargo. London.—The embargo on Chinese action in Siberia lias been raised, ae The cording to a Harbin dispatch, reason given for tills action is that ItTissia is taking no steps to prevent the Germans advancing in the east Declare Czar Has Been Murdered. Copenhagen.—Russian red guards have broken into the residence of NicholasTtoinanoff, the former Russian emperor, at .Ekaterinburg and murder ed him, According to the Russian news paper Xjia. says a Stockholm dispatch. IRK OR HIT ORDER EXPLAINED GENERAL CROWDER I8SUE8 IN. 8TRUCTIONS TO DRAFT BOARDS REGARDING REGULATIONS. Local Officials Requested to Assist Registrants in Seeking Work as Shifts Are Made—Common 8ense to Govern In All Cases. be to of Washington. — Instructions to draft boards were Issued on June 21 by Pro vost Marshal General Crowder, ex plaining and amplifying the work or fight order under which, after July 1, all men of draft age, regardless of their classification, must engage In em ployment held to be productive or join the army. "When It has been determined that a person In deferred classification is an idler, or is engaged in non-productive service," says the instructions, "the classification and order numbers of such persons will be withdrawn, and he will be Immediately Inducted Into the military service." Several specific rulings are made as to the effect of the order on certain classes named as non-productlvg^ In_ the ense of sports and amusements, the language of the order is repeated with emphnsls, but without mentioning pro fesslonal baseball, an expected an nouncement concerning which had been awaited with keen and widespread in terest. In making public the instruc tions, however, the officials of General Crowder's office said baseball playing "ut present," Is regarded as non-pro ductlve, though there will be no ruling until an Individual case has been appealed from a local board. 8ome Exemptions. Managers, cooks, clerks and other, employes not engaged in the actual serving of food and drink In public places are exempted from the section declaring such service of food and drink non-productive. Store executives, managers, superintendents and bends of special departments, traveling sales men, registered pharmacists, delivery drivers, and men doing heavy work are not Included among the clerks und salesmen of mercantile establishments classed as non-productive. Chauffeurs, "public und private," are eliminated from the non-prod uçtlve class unless they engage in work held to be non-productive In addition to their mechanical duties. This feature of the instructions attracted attention because It would class as useful a fain lly chauffeur who performed no other service, and would send him Into the army. If he also acted as butler or handy man around the house. The regulations provide that persons engaged in the service of food and drink, or either, In public places, in eluding hotels and social clubs, are en gngeu In non-productive employment, This, however, does not include man ngers, clerks, cooks or other employes unless they are engaged in the actual serving of food and drink. "The regulations further provide that passenger elevator operators and attendants and doormen, footmen, car ringe openers anil other attendants In clubs, hotels, stores, apartment houses, offlcp buildings anil hath houses are engaged In non-productive employ ments. The words 'other attendants' Include bellboys and also Include por- ! ters, unless such porters ure engaged In h'eavv work y As to Domestic Service. "The regulations further provide that a person engaged In domestic service is engaged In a. non-productive employment or occupation, hut this does not inclue public or private chauf feurs, unless they should he engaged In some other occupation or employ ment defined as non-productive. "The regulations further provide that sales clerks and other clerks em ployed In stores and other mercantile establishments are engaged in non-pro ductive employments, but this does not Include store executives, managers, superintendents nor the -iead of such departments as accounting, financial, advertising, credit, purchasing, deliv ery, receiving, shipping and other de l*irt monts; does not include registered pharmacists employed in wholesale and retail drug establishments, und does not Include traveling salesmen, buyers, delivery drivers, electricians, engi neers, carpet layers, upholsterers, nor any employes doing heavy work out side the usual duties of clerks. How ever, 'sales clerks mid other clerks' In clude the clerical force In the office and In all departments of stores and mercantile establishments. The words 'stores and other mercantile establish ments' Include both wholesale and re tail stores and mercantile establish ments engaged In selling goods and wnres." Boards are instructed to give the agents of the United States employ ment service lists of the names of reg istrants who have been summoned for examination under the order. New Bread Riot« in Vienna. London.—New bread riots started Thursday night In the Favoriten and Brigittenuy districts of Vienna and there are now more than 150,000 munition workers on strike iu hte Austrian capital. Platt May Become Director. Chicago.— H. V. Platt, vice president and gpneral manager of the Oregon Short Line, with headquarters In Salt Lake, may be appointed regional di rector of railroads centering in Utah under the federal administration. VICTORY OF ITALY DECISIVE BLOW DEFEAT OF AUSTRIANS SO CRUSHING THAT THEY ARE STOPPED FOR WEEKS. Germany's Whole Plan of Offense on the West Front Likely to Be 8mashed to Pieces as Result of Rout of Austrians. t was that the defeat • s so crushing that It • Will be Impossible for the enemy to repeat his offensive on a serious scale ! for several weeks. One of the causes for the Austrian disaster is said to have been faulty judgment In placing their reserves, by which they failed to be brought up at the critical moment to meet the clever strategy of the Ital ians. London.—The view In military cir cles Tuesday nigh of the Austrians l So strongly Is the I'lave line now held by the Ituliuns, say military critics, that it will be Impossible for the disorganized enemy armies to re take It, and there Is not the slightest fear that they again will try to cross the river. It is said they staked every Jhlng on this offensive and threw all tlielr forces Into It. Thirty-seven divl slons have been identified as being in the battle. Germany's entire offensive program may have been upset, in the opinion of some officers at Washington, by the crushing defeat of the Austrians along the Plave river. Official reports reaching Washing ton bear out the picture of the Austrian disaster given In press accounts from Italy, although the full extent of the Italian success Is not yet apparent. It Is regarded as certain, however, that the central powers have been dealt a blow that will further shake the mo rale of their people and probubly will compel the German high command to make a complete readjustment of Its plans In France. Secretary Baker showed the algnlf lcance attached here to the defeat of the Austrians when he dispatched a congratulatory telegram to the Amerl can ambassador at Rome for transmls slon to the Italian minister of war. The defeat of the Austrian armies on the western bank of the Plave river Is complete. Admission is made by the Austrian war office that the troops of Emperor Charles have been forced to evacuate the Montello plat euu, over which they had hoped to press their way and gain the Venetian plains and "some sectors" of the posi tions they uttained last week on the bank of the river between the plateau and the point where the stream empties Into the Adriatic, weather and thé rising of the Plave under the heavy rainfalls are assigned as the reasons for the with drawal of the Austrians. But the Rome war office asserts it was the mpetus of the attack of the Italians that brought about the failure of nn operation which was started with the Intention of crushing the armies of ^«nenil Diaz and forcing the Italians, hko the Russians, to accept a Teutonic '>>»'*'1 "cnee. All Along 'be river the Italians have pressed back the lnvsders of their ter rltory until only small units remain on the western bank, and across the ! stream King Victor Emmanuel's men are keeping, well on the heels of the retreating enemy, who Is fleeing ln didO - order. The losses to the enemy nre de scribed as' enormous, both in men killed, wounded or made prisoner. An official statement from Rome to the Itnlinn embassy In Washington asserts that the Austrians have lost 45,000 men In prisoners ulone. HOMING TROOP SHIP SUNK. German U-Boat Gets Vessel Four Hundred Miles Off Delaware Capes. Washington. — German submarines operating on this side of the Atlantic ocean have sunk their first, troop ship. The navy department announced Tues day a British transport, chartered by the American government and hound to this country, hud been destroyed June 18, some 400 miles east of the Delaware capes, and that C7 members of the crew are missing'. There were no troops aboard. Lloyd George is Optimistic. London.—The ultimate defeat of Germany is now seen by the allied powers. This fiat and transcemlent ally Important statement was made by Premier Lloyd George In the house of commons Tuesday. Bonds May be Sold Abroad. Washington.—Issuance of Liberty bonds payable in foreign money for Bale In other countries as a means of stabilizing foreign exchange rates, is under consideration by tbe treasury. Ten New Dry Docks. Washington.—Ten new ilrydocks are to be built with the $25,000,000 which at the request of the shipping board has been udded by the senate appro priations committee to the pending sundry civil upproprrlution bill. Extension on Freight Rates. Washington.—The interstate com merce commission has granted rail roads an additional thirty days in which to . file schedules of Increased freight rates ordered by Director Gen eral MeAdoo. OFFERS PEACE ON GERMANY'S TERMS KUEHLMANN REFUSES TO QIVB PLEDGE ON BELGIUM IN ADDRE8S AT BERLIN. World Dominion Plan Disclaimed By Foreign Minister, Who Blamea Rus sia for Starting War, With France Abetting Her. Amsterdam.—Germany's war alriut «'ere briefly set forth, peace ideas outlined, the Idea that she desired to secure world domination through the war disclaimed, and the responsibility Washington. — As a further step carrying out the war department's Plan to have 3,000,000 men under arms August 1, Provost Marshal General Crowder on June 25 called on the gov ernors of all states except Arizona und Illinois, for the mobilization between July 22 and 25, of 220,000 white draft registrants qualified for general mill tary service. This call Is expected to exhaust the number of men in class 1, and when added to school requisitions of 23,430 men, brings the total calls so far an nounced for July to 2-13,436. To com plete Its program the department will have to depend on the 400,000 class registrants expected from the June enrollment and the 250,000 or 300,000 to be obtained through the reclassifi cation now In progress. for the conflict primarily placed upon Russlu by Dr. Richard von Kuehlmann, the German foreign secretary, in a speech to the reichstug in Berlin on June 24. While declaring that what was de sired for the Germnn people and their allies was a "free strong, Independent existence,' drawn for them "by history," the for eign secretary sajd Germany would have to decline to make any prior con cessions by stating her position as to Belgium in a way which would bind her without similarly binding Ger many's enemies. Referring to the responsibility for the war. as he viewed it, Dr. von Kuehlmann said : "I do not believe any responsible man In Germany, not even the emperor or the members of the Imperial govern ment, ever for a moment believed they could win the domination of Europe by starting this war. The idea ot world domination In Europe Is Utopian, as was proved by Napoleon." After declaring that the revelations that had been made showed Riissia as the power which planned and desired the war, with France abetting her and England's attitude strengthening the Russian desire for conflict, Dr. von Kuehlmann again declared that Ger many hud not entertained any belief that this war could lead even to the domination of Europe, and much less that of the world. With reference to the peace situa tion, Dr. von Kuehlmann quotes from former Premier Asquith's speech ot May 16, in which he said that the British government would not turn a deaf ear to a peace proposal if it .were not couched in ambiguous terms. "We likewise can make the same declaration," added the foreign secre tary, "knowing it to be also our policy." "Once the moment arrives, when care not to prophesy, that the nations which are at present locked In battle will exchange peace views, one of the preliminary conditions must be certain degree of mutual confidence In each other's honesty and chivalry." within the boundaries CROWDER MAKES JULY CALL. Between July 22 and 25, 220,000 Men Are to Be Mobilized. New York Leads. announced, Vew York In the call leads the list with 22,241 men ; Iowa second, with 17,849, and Wisconsin third with 13,200. Some of the state quotas and camp assignments follow : California—4000, Camp Lewis, Wash. Colorado—1100, Camp Travis, Texas, Idaho—1000, Camp Lewis, Wash. Iowa—5292, Camp Gordon, Ga. ; 12,■ 657, Camp Pike, Ark. Kansas—3700, Camp Funston, Kan.; 900, Port Utley, Kan. Missouri —11,300, Camp Funston, Kan. Montana—4000. Camp Dodge, Iowa. Nebrasku=—4000, Camp Dodge, Iowa. Nevada—300, Fort Riley, Kansas. New Mexico—740, Camp Travis, Texas. North Dakota—3100, Cump Custer, Michigan. Oregon—2500, Camp I-ewis, Wash. South Dakota—4000, Camp Dodge, Iowa. Texas—8700. Camp Travis, Texas. Utah—500, Camp Lewis, Wash, Washington — 4000, Cump I-ewis, Wash. Wyoming—SIX), Fort Riley, Kansas. Total, 220,000. is Forest Fires Extinguished. Missoula, Mont—With the excep tion of a serious fire along Kullspell creek, in the Kunlksu forest, all gerous forest fires In district No. 1 the United States forest service been put under control or checked. in Government Orders Lumber. Seattle, Wash.—The West Coast Lumbermen's association received vices from Washington Tuesday the government Is soon to place orders for 63,000.(XX) feet of Douglas fir Oregon and Washington mills. IDAHO STATE NEWS A* noon an possible the Commercial club Intends installing a huge road map showing roads leading from Boise for the Information of traveling tourists. Bids for the construction of approx imately $450,000 worth of roads In Custer and Lemhi counties are being asked by the state highway commis sion. Ada county intends to enforce the "work or fight" ruling of the United States government and If men leave jobs their employers are going to know the reason why. The outlook for the wheat crop con tinues generally promising,—-although the yield Is likely to be affected ad versely by the he: t and drought pre vailing In the dry farm country. Five thousand dollars' worth of cat tle, hogs, sheep, horses, household goods and machinery were sold at the recent traders' day sale at Nampa. About 800 people attended the sale. It Is proposed to organize threshing committees in every wheat-growing county in the state. These committees will guard against profiteering und de termine what Is considered a just threshing fee."'' Mrs. Virginia McCralg of North Idaho, who was one of the enrolling clerks in the last session of the leg islature, has recently been appointed country club leader for the boys' and girls' club work in Bannock county. Unless the amendment to the draft act is passed, raising the age limit so as to include men without dependents between the ages of 30 and 40, it will be necessary in this state to meet future calls from deferred dusses Nos. 2, 3, and 4. The Nampa division of the Insurance Federation of Idaho was temporarily organized last Week at Nampa. The organization is a patriotic one to op pose radical Socialism in national, state and civic affairs, according to the organizers. Mrs. W. H. Dewey, wife of Col. W. H. Dewey of Nampa, died suddenly lust week from a complication growing out of heart trouble, at the age of 04. Mrs. Dewey was one of the pioneer women of Idaho. Colonel Dewey died May 8, 1003, at Nampa. A. E. Marshall of Rupert has re ceived word that his son, George E. Marshall, private Company D, Second Engineers, was killed in action In France. June 12. Young Marshall was 19 years old. He enlisted in the Sec ond Idaho in April, 1917. Twin Falls county is anticipating the largest wheat crop of its history this year. The ucreage Is 25 per cent greater than last year and a recent es timate of the crop for this season by the Twin Falls county farm bureau places the tiguA at about 4,250,000 bushels. Samuel C. Winters, a pioneer attor ney of southern Idaho, was burled at I'oeutello, June 23. He was the first district attorney of the Fifth Judidul district after Idaho became a state, and was later a law partner of Judge J. J. Guheen, of the present Fifth Judicial court. Wages as high as $3.50 per day and board, and in rare Instance as much as $4 and board, have been paid recently for farm labor in Idaho, but only for speciul labor requiring the services of men highly skilled in certain kinds of farm work—as, for Instance, hay stacking. Alfalfa harvest is In full swing and is favored with fine haying weather generally. Some tracts In Payette county have been damaged by weevil. Clover in the Twin Falls district is in fested with aphides, but so fur the crop has not suffered serious damage. Grass In dry farm meadows is short. Labor slackers in Idaho are at tempting to confuse the campaign to force them to accept at reasonable wages jobs that will help In crop pro duction as a war necessity by circulat ing in certain communities stories of higher wages in other sections so that laborers will continue to be on the move. Nampa's "Help Win the War" Har vest Festival will he better than ever. according to plans being made by the executive committee. ÿhe festival this year. September 18 to 25, will be run on a strictly war basis, as the object of the men in charge Is to make the festival "a necessary adjunct to» the war." ' Zeno J. Case, who claims to he the secretary of what is known us the In ternational Detective Association of America, with offices iu Salt Lake, was arrested at Pocatello on the charge of carrying on a collection ugeney busiuess in this state without first obtaining the necessary bond and license. John Reynolds, miner employed «t the North Stur mine at Hailey, was severely Injured by a caveln last week. He was working alone when a large block of rock and dirt broke loose from the wall of the tunnel, pin ning him to the floor. Both legs were broken and he Is badly bruised ubout the body. of The Psychic Thrill. "Did you feel the psychic thrill that goes between a speaker and an au dience?" "Yes," replied Mr. Spuflfies. "There was a mutual understanding at once. Inside of ten seconds it was perfectly evident that I was scared and the au dience was worried." ad To Benefit the Cyclist. A Canadian has invented a pneu matic hub for bicycles which, he be lieves, will permit the extensive use of solid rubber or rope tires. 4b It is economy to tray Good jewelry and a Dependable watch. <T BOYD PARK nMsta —'-»tv MAKERS OF JEWELRY MM MAIN 5TXUT BARGAINS IN USED CARS W apludid md nit-Baldn. OldnnoMU*. N*. tlomala—$254 to $$44. Goirintood Mm duo vanning coadltloa-oanr inrmv It vaatnd br tight parti«. Wrltn lot detailed Hat aad denota tion. Used Car Dept.. Randall-Dothl Auto Co-, Mi Lilt Cltr RECOGNIZE VALUE OF WHEAT Shortage Ha« Shown Ua the Wondsr. ful and Unique Qualities Contained In tha Grain. As absence makes the heart grow, fonder, so does scarcity of wheat In-' vite attention to its wonderful amt unique qualities as food. We have been eating wheat producta all these year* as a matter of course, and It never oc curred to as that we might ever bei called on to go without them. Now* that It is necessary to use wheat autH atltutes, we have discovered that use ful as they are there la nothing that really takes the place of wheat flour. The maglo of the wheat lies In it» gluten—what the baker refers to at! the "binder, proportion of wheat flour to furniafal the binder, or his oatmeal bread or hls| rice pastry crumbles. The substitute^ have the same nourishment as the, wheat. But they lack the quality of the wheat flour crust. There la noth ing In them to imprison the gases lib erated by yeast, and so they refuse to rise like wheat dough. Bread made of the substitutes ts heavy and soggy un less there is enough wheat dough mixed In to give It life. Without wheat we go without bread, without cake, without pie, wlth^ out strawberry shortcake. No affec tion for corn pone can make it a sub stitute for all these stand-bys of the table. If It Is necessary for the sake of the war, we shall cheerfully go, without. Any deprivation we may feel la as nothing to what our associates In arms already have undergone. But we shall look forward to the happy day« when there will be an abundance of wheat once more.—Kansas City Star. He must have a certain RECORD BELONGS TO SIRIUS Small Vessel Was the First to Cross the Atlantlo Wholly Under Its Own 8team. This spring marks the eightieth ua Diversary of an Important event In modern history—the voyage from Cork to New York of the Sirius, the first vessel to cross the Atlantic wholly un der its own steam. All that remains of that stanch little craft la a number of brass paper-weights made from the metal, work after It was wrecked In Ballycotton bay In 1847. Captain Rob erts, commander of the 412-ton Sirin« on Its maiden trip, was later trans ferred to the President, which went down with all on board. Thus both the Sirius and her master met with m tragic end. The Sirius made the voyage from Cork In 19 days, reaching New York only a few hours before the Great Western, another steamship which had sailed from BrlstoL The latter made the best time, crossing the ocean In 15 days. The Sirius had a passenger list of seven on Its Initial voyage, the youngest of whom was Ylpcent E. Rnnsome, then four years d, who wiA reported living a few years ago In Wiltshire, England, where he was long the rector of a parish church. The Sirius was a schooner-rigged ship and was 178 feet over all. with a beam of 25 feet and a depth of IS feet. ol London's Tea Houses. The death of Sir Joseph Lyons re* minds us what a modern Institution the teashop is. You need not be very old to remember the time when prac tically the only places where a cup ot tea could be obtained In London were tbe old fashioned coffee house«, with their boxed-in compartments and nar row, uncomfortable seats. The customers were exclusively men. and If a woman required light refresh ment she had to search for a confec tioner's shop, where tea and coffee were sometimes grudgingly served, at famine prices, at little round marble tables tucked away in dark corners.— London Chronicle. 8ald by a Cynic. There are two literary maladle«, writer's cramp and swelled head. The worst of writer's cramp Is that It 1« never cured, the worst of swelled head Is that It never kills.—Couison Kern» A Completed ThoughL "Til make a bet that you don't know all the words of "The Star-Spangled Banner.' " "Don't need to know 'em alL When I have said, 'The Star-Spangled Ban ner, oh, long may it wave,' I don't fed that any more words are absolutely necessary." . Her Value. * "Our neighbor's would be in valuable In Germany." "In what way?" __ **For her tendency to rubber,"