SULTAN WARNED TO
APOLOGIZE OR FIGHT
ULTIMATUM GIVEN TO TURKEY,
DEMANDING EXPLANATION OF
Two Previous Messages to Turkish
Government Have Been Ignored,
But Third One Must Be Answered
! or War Will Result
i ju —
Washington.—A virtual ultimatum
was sent by the United States govern
ment to Turkey, on June 25 demand
ing an Immediate and satisfactory ex
planation of the Tabriz Incident.
There is strong reason to believe
that failure on the part of Turkey to
give fuvorable response will be follow
ed by a declaration of war on the part
of this nation.
The demand—the third sent to the
authorities In Constantinople since the
incident occurred—was forwarded by
Secretary of State Lansing through
the Swedish government Sweden was
beurer of one of the two previous com
munications and Spain of the other. To
neither of these previous messages has
the Ottoman government paid the
Message Is Urgent.
"This message," declared an official
of the department, referring to the de
mand, "means business."
The offense, for which an explana
tion is demutided, is the action of the
Turks at Tabriz In sacking the United
States hospital. The United States
demands to know whether It was the
outcome of irresponsible mobbing, fol
lowed by the capture of Tabriz by the
Officials made no effort to conceal
their Impatience over the failure of the
Constantinople foreign office to pay
attention to the inquiries of this gov
ernment's demand, am) It is admitted
that the relations between the two
governments have never been more
strained than they are at the present
DEMAND FAIR RAIL RATES.
Westerners Endeavor to Rid Mountain
Territory of Unjust Chargee.
Salt Lake City.—Taking the stand
that now Is the time for the lutermoun
tain states to unite In a detcrrnlfvY
effort to forever rid tills territory ot
the hampering influences and stunting
restrictions of discriminatory railroad
rates, representatives of six states
gathered here Tuesday discussed the
situation and formulated a proposed
system of graded rates to Intermoun
tain points which it is proposed to
submit to the railroad administration.
At the meeting were prominent of
ficials of the public utilities commis
sions, commercial bodies and shippers
of Utah, Idaho, Montana, Washington,
Nevada and Arizona.
Strike in Butte 8ettled.
Butte, Mont.—Through a compro
mise reached Tuesday the strike for
higher wages Involving the plumbers
and electricians' unions of Butte hus
been settled. The differences were
submitted to Louis Irvin, representing
the federal department of labor, who
conceded the demands of the unions in
respect to wages, but modified tKe
working rules of the unions In fuvor of
Germany Preparing Excuses.
Washington.—Germany is preparing
her people for failure to win the wur
this year by an extensive propaganda
setting forth that In the event the Ger
man armies are not able to overrun
France this year the situation next
year will he still better for Germany
Ilian it was at the beginning of the
present offensive and that u movement
will be made then to put France entire
ly out of tiie war.
Would 8ettle Irish Problem.
London.—In the house of commons
Tuesday, Premier Lloyd George
urged the need of settling the Irish
problem, because It was Increasing the
difficulties, not merely of the British
government, hut the difficulties of the
United States government in conduct
ing the war.
Austrian Hopes Blasted.
Washington.—An official dispatch
from Rome on Tuesduy says the Aus
In full retreat, and (hut
papers taken from prisoners show that
Austrlu had not contemplated tbe pos
sibility of defeat and was promising
her soldiers this offensive would be the
lust stroke to put Italy out of the war.
Taylor Heads Express Firm.
New York.—George C. Taylor has
been elected president of the new
. American Railway Express company,
which will assume control of virtually
'all the express lines iu the United
contract with W. G.
Btatcs under a
MeAdoo, director general of railroads.
Raise Chinese Embargo.
London.—The embargo on Chinese
action in Siberia lias been raised, ae
cording to a Harbin dispatch,
reason given for tills action is that
ItTissia is taking no steps to prevent
the Germans advancing in the east
Declare Czar Has Been Murdered.
Copenhagen.—Russian red guards
have broken into the residence of
NicholasTtoinanoff, the former Russian
emperor, at .Ekaterinburg and murder
ed him, According to the Russian news
paper Xjia. says a Stockholm dispatch.
IRK OR HIT
GENERAL CROWDER I8SUE8 IN.
8TRUCTIONS TO DRAFT BOARDS
Local Officials Requested to Assist
Registrants in Seeking Work as
Shifts Are Made—Common 8ense
to Govern In All Cases.
Washington. — Instructions to draft
boards were Issued on June 21 by Pro
vost Marshal General Crowder, ex
plaining and amplifying the work or
fight order under which, after July 1,
all men of draft age, regardless of
their classification, must engage In em
ployment held to be productive or join
"When It has been determined that
a person In deferred classification is an
idler, or is engaged in non-productive
service," says the instructions, "the
classification and order numbers of
such persons will be withdrawn, and he
will be Immediately Inducted Into the
Several specific rulings are made as
to the effect of the order on certain
classes named as non-productlvg^ In_
the ense of sports and amusements, the
language of the order is repeated with
emphnsls, but without mentioning pro
fesslonal baseball, an expected an
nouncement concerning which had been
awaited with keen and widespread in
terest. In making public the instruc
tions, however, the officials of General
Crowder's office said baseball playing
"ut present," Is regarded as non-pro
ductlve, though there will be no ruling
until an Individual case has been
appealed from a local board.
Managers, cooks, clerks and other,
employes not engaged in the actual
serving of food and drink In public
places are exempted from the section
declaring such service of food and
drink non-productive. Store executives,
managers, superintendents and bends
of special departments, traveling sales
men, registered pharmacists, delivery
drivers, and men doing heavy work are
not Included among the clerks und
salesmen of mercantile establishments
classed as non-productive.
Chauffeurs, "public und private," are
eliminated from the non-prod uçtlve
class unless they engage in work held
to be non-productive In addition to
their mechanical duties. This feature
of the instructions attracted attention
because It would class as useful a fain
lly chauffeur who performed no other
service, and would send him Into the
army. If he also acted as butler or
handy man around the house.
The regulations provide that persons
engaged in the service of food and
drink, or either, In public places, in
eluding hotels and social clubs, are en
gngeu In non-productive employment,
This, however, does not include man
ngers, clerks, cooks or other employes
unless they are engaged in the actual
serving of food and drink.
"The regulations further provide
that passenger elevator operators and
attendants and doormen, footmen, car
ringe openers anil other attendants In
clubs, hotels, stores, apartment houses,
offlcp buildings anil hath houses are
engaged In non-productive employ
ments. The words 'other attendants'
Include bellboys and also Include por- !
ters, unless such porters ure engaged
In h'eavv work
As to Domestic Service.
"The regulations further provide
that a person engaged In domestic
service is engaged In a. non-productive
employment or occupation, hut this
does not inclue public or private chauf
feurs, unless they should he engaged
In some other occupation or employ
ment defined as non-productive.
"The regulations further provide
that sales clerks and other clerks em
ployed In stores and other mercantile
establishments are engaged in non-pro
ductive employments, but this does not
Include store executives, managers,
superintendents nor the -iead of such
departments as accounting, financial,
advertising, credit, purchasing, deliv
ery, receiving, shipping and other de
l*irt monts; does not include registered
pharmacists employed in wholesale and
retail drug establishments, und does
not Include traveling salesmen, buyers,
delivery drivers, electricians, engi
neers, carpet layers, upholsterers, nor
any employes doing heavy work out
side the usual duties of clerks. How
ever, 'sales clerks mid other clerks' In
clude the clerical force In the office
and In all departments of stores and
mercantile establishments. The words
'stores and other mercantile establish
ments' Include both wholesale and re
tail stores and mercantile establish
ments engaged In selling goods and
Boards are instructed to give the
agents of the United States employ
ment service lists of the names of reg
istrants who have been summoned for
examination under the order.
New Bread Riot« in Vienna.
London.—New bread riots started
Thursday night In the Favoriten and
Brigittenuy districts of Vienna and
there are now more than 150,000
munition workers on strike iu hte
Platt May Become Director.
Chicago.— H. V. Platt, vice president
and gpneral manager of the Oregon
Short Line, with headquarters In Salt
Lake, may be appointed regional di
rector of railroads centering in Utah
under the federal administration.
VICTORY OF ITALY
DEFEAT OF AUSTRIANS SO
CRUSHING THAT THEY ARE
STOPPED FOR WEEKS.
Germany's Whole Plan of Offense on
the West Front Likely to Be
8mashed to Pieces as Result
of Rout of Austrians.
t was that the defeat •
s so crushing that It •
Will be Impossible for the enemy to
repeat his offensive on a serious scale !
for several weeks. One of the causes
for the Austrian disaster is said to
have been faulty judgment In placing
their reserves, by which they failed to
be brought up at the critical moment
to meet the clever strategy of the Ital
London.—The view In military cir
cles Tuesday nigh
of the Austrians l
So strongly Is the I'lave line now
held by the Ituliuns, say military
critics, that it will be Impossible for
the disorganized enemy armies to re
take It, and there Is not the slightest
fear that they again will try to cross
the river. It is said they staked every
Jhlng on this offensive and threw all
tlielr forces Into It. Thirty-seven divl
slons have been identified as being in
Germany's entire offensive program
may have been upset, in the opinion of
some officers at Washington, by the
crushing defeat of the Austrians along
the Plave river.
Official reports reaching Washing
ton bear out the picture of the Austrian
disaster given In press accounts from
Italy, although the full extent of the
Italian success Is not yet apparent. It
Is regarded as certain, however, that
the central powers have been dealt a
blow that will further shake the mo
rale of their people and probubly will
compel the German high command to
make a complete readjustment of Its
plans In France.
Secretary Baker showed the algnlf
lcance attached here to the defeat of
the Austrians when he dispatched a
congratulatory telegram to the Amerl
can ambassador at Rome for transmls
slon to the Italian minister of war.
The defeat of the Austrian armies
on the western bank of the Plave
river Is complete. Admission is made
by the Austrian war office that the
troops of Emperor Charles have been
forced to evacuate the Montello plat
euu, over which they had hoped to
press their way and gain the Venetian
plains and "some sectors" of the posi
tions they uttained last week on the
bank of the river between the plateau
and the point where the stream
empties Into the Adriatic,
weather and thé rising of the
Plave under the heavy rainfalls are
assigned as the reasons for the with
drawal of the Austrians. But the
Rome war office asserts it was the
mpetus of the attack of the Italians
that brought about the failure of nn
operation which was started with the
Intention of crushing the armies of
^«nenil Diaz and forcing the Italians,
hko the Russians, to accept a Teutonic
All Along 'be river the Italians have
pressed back the lnvsders of their ter
rltory until only small units remain
on the western bank, and across the
! stream King Victor Emmanuel's men
are keeping, well on the heels of the
retreating enemy, who Is fleeing ln didO
The losses to the enemy nre de
scribed as' enormous, both in men
killed, wounded or made prisoner. An
official statement from Rome to the
Itnlinn embassy In Washington asserts
that the Austrians have lost 45,000 men
In prisoners ulone.
HOMING TROOP SHIP SUNK.
German U-Boat Gets Vessel Four
Hundred Miles Off Delaware Capes.
Washington. — German submarines
operating on this side of the Atlantic
ocean have sunk their first, troop ship.
The navy department announced Tues
day a British transport, chartered by
the American government and hound
to this country, hud been destroyed
June 18, some 400 miles east of the
Delaware capes, and that C7 members
of the crew are missing'. There were
no troops aboard.
Lloyd George is Optimistic.
London.—The ultimate defeat of
Germany is now seen by the allied
powers. This fiat and transcemlent
ally Important statement was made by
Premier Lloyd George In the house of
Bonds May be Sold Abroad.
Washington.—Issuance of Liberty
bonds payable in foreign money for
Bale In other countries as a means of
stabilizing foreign exchange rates, is
under consideration by tbe treasury.
Ten New Dry Docks.
Washington.—Ten new ilrydocks are
to be built with the $25,000,000 which
at the request of the shipping board
has been udded by the senate appro
priations committee to the pending
sundry civil upproprrlution bill.
Extension on Freight Rates.
Washington.—The interstate com
merce commission has granted rail
roads an additional thirty days in
which to . file schedules of Increased
freight rates ordered by Director Gen
OFFERS PEACE ON
KUEHLMANN REFUSES TO QIVB
PLEDGE ON BELGIUM IN
ADDRE8S AT BERLIN.
World Dominion Plan Disclaimed By
Foreign Minister, Who Blamea Rus
sia for Starting War, With France
Amsterdam.—Germany's war alriut
«'ere briefly set forth, peace ideas
outlined, the Idea that she desired to
secure world domination through the
war disclaimed, and the responsibility
Washington. — As a further step
carrying out the war department's
Plan to have 3,000,000 men under arms
August 1, Provost Marshal General
Crowder on June 25 called on the gov
ernors of all states except Arizona und
Illinois, for the mobilization between
July 22 and 25, of 220,000 white draft
registrants qualified for general mill
This call Is expected to exhaust the
number of men in class 1, and when
added to school requisitions of 23,430
men, brings the total calls so far an
nounced for July to 2-13,436. To com
plete Its program the department will
have to depend on the 400,000 class
registrants expected from the June
enrollment and the 250,000 or 300,000
to be obtained through the reclassifi
cation now In progress.
for the conflict primarily placed upon
Russlu by Dr. Richard von Kuehlmann,
the German foreign secretary, in a
speech to the reichstug in Berlin on
While declaring that what was de
sired for the Germnn people and their
allies was a "free strong, Independent
drawn for them "by history," the for
eign secretary sajd Germany would
have to decline to make any prior con
cessions by stating her position as to
Belgium in a way which would bind
her without similarly binding Ger
Referring to the responsibility for
the war. as he viewed it, Dr. von
Kuehlmann said :
"I do not believe any responsible
man In Germany, not even the emperor
or the members of the Imperial govern
ment, ever for a moment believed they
could win the domination of Europe
by starting this war. The idea ot
world domination In Europe Is Utopian,
as was proved by Napoleon."
After declaring that the revelations
that had been made showed Riissia as
the power which planned and desired
the war, with France abetting her and
England's attitude strengthening the
Russian desire for conflict, Dr. von
Kuehlmann again declared that Ger
many hud not entertained any belief
that this war could lead even to the
domination of Europe, and much less
that of the world.
With reference to the peace situa
tion, Dr. von Kuehlmann quotes from
former Premier Asquith's speech ot
May 16, in which he said that the
British government would not turn a
deaf ear to a peace proposal if it
.were not couched in ambiguous terms.
"We likewise can make the same
declaration," added the foreign secre
tary, "knowing it to be also our
"Once the moment arrives, when
care not to prophesy, that the nations
which are at present locked In battle
will exchange peace views, one of the
preliminary conditions must be certain
degree of mutual confidence In each
other's honesty and chivalry."
within the boundaries
CROWDER MAKES JULY CALL.
Between July 22 and 25, 220,000 Men
Are to Be Mobilized.
New York Leads.
announced, Vew York
In the call
leads the list with 22,241 men ; Iowa
second, with 17,849, and Wisconsin
third with 13,200.
Some of the state quotas and camp
assignments follow :
California—4000, Camp Lewis, Wash.
Colorado—1100, Camp Travis, Texas,
Idaho—1000, Camp Lewis, Wash.
Iowa—5292, Camp Gordon, Ga. ; 12,■
657, Camp Pike, Ark.
Kansas—3700, Camp Funston, Kan.;
900, Port Utley, Kan.
Missouri —11,300, Camp Funston,
Montana—4000. Camp Dodge, Iowa.
Nebrasku=—4000, Camp Dodge, Iowa.
Nevada—300, Fort Riley, Kansas.
New Mexico—740, Camp Travis,
North Dakota—3100, Cump Custer,
Oregon—2500, Camp I-ewis, Wash.
South Dakota—4000, Camp Dodge,
Texas—8700. Camp Travis, Texas.
Utah—500, Camp Lewis, Wash,
Washington — 4000, Cump I-ewis,
Wyoming—SIX), Fort Riley, Kansas.
Forest Fires Extinguished.
Missoula, Mont—With the excep
tion of a serious fire along Kullspell
creek, in the Kunlksu forest, all
gerous forest fires In district No. 1
the United States forest service
been put under control or checked.
Government Orders Lumber.
Seattle, Wash.—The West Coast
Lumbermen's association received
vices from Washington Tuesday
the government Is soon to place orders
for 63,000.(XX) feet of Douglas fir
Oregon and Washington mills.
IDAHO STATE NEWS
A* noon an possible the Commercial
club Intends installing a huge road map
showing roads leading from Boise for
the Information of traveling tourists.
Bids for the construction of approx
imately $450,000 worth of roads In
Custer and Lemhi counties are being
asked by the state highway commis
Ada county intends to enforce the
"work or fight" ruling of the United
States government and If men leave
jobs their employers are going to
know the reason why.
The outlook for the wheat crop con
tinues generally promising,—-although
the yield Is likely to be affected ad
versely by the he: t and drought pre
vailing In the dry farm country.
Five thousand dollars' worth of cat
tle, hogs, sheep, horses, household
goods and machinery were sold at the
recent traders' day sale at Nampa.
About 800 people attended the sale.
It Is proposed to organize threshing
committees in every wheat-growing
county in the state. These committees
will guard against profiteering und de
termine what Is considered a just
Mrs. Virginia McCralg of North
Idaho, who was one of the enrolling
clerks in the last session of the leg
islature, has recently been appointed
country club leader for the boys' and
girls' club work in Bannock county.
Unless the amendment to the draft
act is passed, raising the age limit so
as to include men without dependents
between the ages of 30 and 40, it will
be necessary in this state to meet
future calls from deferred dusses Nos.
2, 3, and 4.
The Nampa division of the Insurance
Federation of Idaho was temporarily
organized last Week at Nampa. The
organization is a patriotic one to op
pose radical Socialism in national,
state and civic affairs, according to
Mrs. W. H. Dewey, wife of Col. W.
H. Dewey of Nampa, died suddenly
lust week from a complication growing
out of heart trouble, at the age of 04.
Mrs. Dewey was one of the pioneer
women of Idaho. Colonel Dewey died
May 8, 1003, at Nampa.
A. E. Marshall of Rupert has re
ceived word that his son, George E.
Marshall, private Company D, Second
Engineers, was killed in action In
France. June 12. Young Marshall was
19 years old. He enlisted in the Sec
ond Idaho in April, 1917.
Twin Falls county is anticipating
the largest wheat crop of its history
this year. The ucreage Is 25 per cent
greater than last year and a recent es
timate of the crop for this season by
the Twin Falls county farm bureau
places the tiguA at about 4,250,000
Samuel C. Winters, a pioneer attor
ney of southern Idaho, was burled at
I'oeutello, June 23. He was the first
district attorney of the Fifth Judidul
district after Idaho became a state,
and was later a law partner of Judge
J. J. Guheen, of the present Fifth
Wages as high as $3.50 per day and
board, and in rare Instance as much as
$4 and board, have been paid recently
for farm labor in Idaho, but only for
speciul labor requiring the services of
men highly skilled in certain kinds of
farm work—as, for Instance, hay
Alfalfa harvest is In full swing and
is favored with fine haying weather
generally. Some tracts In Payette
county have been damaged by weevil.
Clover in the Twin Falls district is in
fested with aphides, but so fur the crop
has not suffered serious damage. Grass
In dry farm meadows is short.
Labor slackers in Idaho are at
tempting to confuse the campaign to
force them to accept at reasonable
wages jobs that will help In crop pro
duction as a war necessity by circulat
ing in certain communities stories of
higher wages in other sections so that
laborers will continue to be on the
Nampa's "Help Win the War" Har
vest Festival will he better than ever.
according to plans being made by the
this year. September 18 to 25, will be
run on a strictly war basis, as the
object of the men in charge Is to make
the festival "a necessary adjunct to»
' Zeno J. Case, who claims to he the
secretary of what is known us the In
ternational Detective Association of
America, with offices iu Salt Lake,
was arrested at Pocatello on the
charge of carrying on a collection
ugeney busiuess in this state without
first obtaining the necessary bond and
John Reynolds, miner employed «t
the North Stur mine at Hailey, was
severely Injured by a caveln last
week. He was working alone when a
large block of rock and dirt broke
loose from the wall of the tunnel, pin
ning him to the floor. Both legs
were broken and he Is badly bruised
ubout the body.
The Psychic Thrill.
"Did you feel the psychic thrill that
goes between a speaker and an au
"Yes," replied Mr. Spuflfies. "There
was a mutual understanding at once.
Inside of ten seconds it was perfectly
evident that I was scared and the au
dience was worried."
To Benefit the Cyclist.
A Canadian has invented a pneu
matic hub for bicycles which, he be
lieves, will permit the extensive use
of solid rubber or rope tires.
It is economy to
tray Good jewelry
and a Dependable
MAKERS OF JEWELRY
MM MAIN 5TXUT
BARGAINS IN USED CARS
W apludid md nit-Baldn. OldnnoMU*. N*.
tlomala—$254 to $$44. Goirintood Mm duo
vanning coadltloa-oanr inrmv It vaatnd br
tight parti«. Wrltn lot detailed Hat aad denota
tion. Used Car Dept..
Randall-Dothl Auto Co-, Mi Lilt Cltr
RECOGNIZE VALUE OF WHEAT
Shortage Ha« Shown Ua the Wondsr.
ful and Unique Qualities Contained
In tha Grain.
As absence makes the heart grow,
fonder, so does scarcity of wheat In-'
vite attention to its wonderful amt
unique qualities as food. We have been
eating wheat producta all these year*
as a matter of course, and It never oc
curred to as that we might ever bei
called on to go without them. Now*
that It is necessary to use wheat autH
atltutes, we have discovered that use
ful as they are there la nothing that
really takes the place of wheat flour.
The maglo of the wheat lies In it»
gluten—what the baker refers to at!
proportion of wheat flour to furniafal
the binder, or his oatmeal bread or hls|
rice pastry crumbles. The substitute^
have the same nourishment as the,
wheat. But they lack the quality of
the wheat flour crust. There la noth
ing In them to imprison the gases lib
erated by yeast, and so they refuse to
rise like wheat dough. Bread made of
the substitutes ts heavy and soggy un
less there is enough wheat dough
mixed In to give It life.
Without wheat we go without
bread, without cake, without pie, wlth^
out strawberry shortcake. No affec
tion for corn pone can make it a sub
stitute for all these stand-bys of the
table. If It Is necessary for the sake
of the war, we shall cheerfully go,
without. Any deprivation we may feel
la as nothing to what our associates In
arms already have undergone. But we
shall look forward to the happy day«
when there will be an abundance of
wheat once more.—Kansas City Star.
He must have a certain
RECORD BELONGS TO SIRIUS
Small Vessel Was the First to Cross
the Atlantlo Wholly Under Its
This spring marks the eightieth ua
Diversary of an Important event In
modern history—the voyage from Cork
to New York of the Sirius, the first
vessel to cross the Atlantic wholly un
der its own steam. All that remains
of that stanch little craft la a number
of brass paper-weights made from the
metal, work after It was wrecked In
Ballycotton bay In 1847. Captain Rob
erts, commander of the 412-ton Sirin«
on Its maiden trip, was later trans
ferred to the President, which went
down with all on board. Thus both
the Sirius and her master met with m
The Sirius made the voyage from
Cork In 19 days, reaching New York
only a few hours before the Great
Western, another steamship which
had sailed from BrlstoL The latter
made the best time, crossing the
ocean In 15 days. The Sirius had a
passenger list of seven on Its Initial
voyage, the youngest of whom was
Ylpcent E. Rnnsome, then four years
d, who wiA reported living a few
years ago In Wiltshire, England,
where he was long the rector of a
The Sirius was a schooner-rigged
ship and was 178 feet over all. with
a beam of 25 feet and a depth of IS
London's Tea Houses.
The death of Sir Joseph Lyons re*
minds us what a modern Institution
the teashop is. You need not be very
old to remember the time when prac
tically the only places where a cup ot
tea could be obtained In London were
tbe old fashioned coffee house«, with
their boxed-in compartments and nar
row, uncomfortable seats.
The customers were exclusively men.
and If a woman required light refresh
ment she had to search for a confec
tioner's shop, where tea and coffee
were sometimes grudgingly served, at
famine prices, at little round marble
tables tucked away in dark corners.—
8ald by a Cynic.
There are two literary maladle«,
writer's cramp and swelled head. The
worst of writer's cramp Is that It 1«
never cured, the worst of swelled head
Is that It never kills.—Couison Kern»
A Completed ThoughL
"Til make a bet that you don't know
all the words of "The Star-Spangled
"Don't need to know 'em alL When
I have said, 'The Star-Spangled Ban
ner, oh, long may it wave,' I don't fed
that any more words are absolutely
. Her Value.
* "Our neighbor's would be in
valuable In Germany."
"In what way?"
__ **For her tendency to rubber,"
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