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ANSWERS THE SOCIALISTS ANO OTHER OPPONENTS OF THE GOVERNMENT. Announces That No Annexations Ars Sought and That Full Publicity I Will Be Given to Peaco Conference Proceedings. 1 Paris.—The storm which had been threatening In the French, chamber for the past four days broke Sunday after noon when Stephen PlcWon, minister for foreign affairs, amid violent inter ruptions by the socialists and counter demonstrations by the supporters, outlined France's terms. The minister declared that France is absolutely In agreement that full pub licity be given to the proceedings of the peace conference. He announced that intervention in Russia was In evitable, but that it would be of a de fensive character so far as French troops were concerned, and that If of fensive operations were undertaken, it must be by Russian troops. He nlso declared that the French government has adopted the principle of a league of nations and is now busy working towards its effective realiza tion, thus replying to the interpella tion of tbe socialist, M. Bracke. He said also that the government does not desire any annexation, bnt re serves the right to fix the Alsace-Lor raine frontiers, to guard ugalnst future attack. government peuoe OLD ORDER TO VANISH. President Declares Future Must Pro vide Concert of Power for Peace. London.— Speaking Saturday In the historic^ Guildhall at a ceremonious gathering of Great Britain's most dis tinguished statesmen, President Wil son reaffirmed hls prlnolple that there must no longer be a balance of power which might unsettle the peace of the world, but 'that the future must pro duce a concert of power which would preserve It. The president's reception at the Guildhall was so spontaneous und hearty that It carried an unmistakable note of friendship and admiration. When lie arose to speak there wus a prolonged outburst of hundctapplng and cheering and hls talk wns fre quently punctuated by applause. At the conclusion of bis address the audience rose with one accord and cheered. LEAGUE TO SAVE KAISER. Huns Have Plan to Evade Punishment of Thetr Former Ruler. Berlin.—A "league for the protec tion of the personal liberty and life of the kaiser" has been formed and will Issue an appeal to the former advis ers of the ex-emperor, as well as diplo mats with whom he wns associated, to submit all possible documents to prove the emperor's Innocence of bringing about the war. Prince Henry of Prussia, who wns proposed for. president of the leugue. suggested Von Hlndenburg for the post Wilson Visits Mother's Homs. Carlisle, England.—President Wil son, accompanied by Mrs. Wilson, came to Carlisle Sunday In rain and n cold penetrating mist to ylslt the girl tiood home of hls mother. But the warmth of the greeting of the people of the town and of the thousands ef strangers from the surrounding coun try more than offset the dreariness of the weather. The president made a short address from the pulpit formerly that of bis grandfather, In which he couched simply but eloquently on ills mother. Appalling Toll of Life In War. London.—With the Issue of the of ficial figures of the French losses In the war, it Is possible to arrive at the approximate estimate of the appalling toll of life. The dead, so far, number 5,936,504. The Individual national losses tn dead thus far announced are ; British, 706,728; French, 1,071,300; American, 58.478; Russian, 1,700.000; Austrian, 800,000; German, 1,600,000., The total German casualties are given oy the Berlin Vorwuerts as 6,330,000, and the Austrian total was placed at 4.000,000. Serbia In killed, wounded and prisoners lost 320,000 men. Read Against League of Nations. Washington. The theory of a I'-fttgue of nations Is no new discovery, but is thousunds of years old, having appeared In various forms and failed of its purpose in successive ages, de clared Senator James A. lleed of Mls « >url, In an address at a dinner of the Society of Arts and Sciences. Ship Burns at Sea. London.—Lloyd's announced that the American bark Arayun, bound from Wellington to San Francisco, burned 500 miles east of Chatam Island. The captain and thirteen me'i have been landed on Outturn Island. Rioting In Posen. Berlin.—The Lokal Anzeiger'* Posen correspondent says there «-us street rioting In Posen Friday evening. Ger man soldiers marching through the town are said to have hauled 4own enteute flags. iBRUSH ELECTORS SUSTAIN COALITION SWEEPING TRIUMPH AT THE POLLS OF DAVID LLOYD GEORGE AND HI8 8UPPORTERS. Pacifists and Women Candidates Are Routed, Former Premier Asquith and Most of His Able Lieu tenants Meeting Defeat. London.—The broad features of the "lection results announced Saturday we the sweeping triumph of the Lloyd George coalition, the complete rout of the Asqulthlans, the pacifists and the women candidates, and, perhaps most significant of all, the victory of the Sinn Felners all along the line. That the coalition government would be victorious hud been a foregone con clusion, despite tlie rumblings of ru mor between the polling and the counting of the votes that labor would make un unexpected showing. But that David Lloyd George would com mand complete! v an overwhelming ma jority in the new' house In the propor tion of almost five to one had never been contemplated, even by the most sanguine coalitionists. And since coalition, as It now operates. Is dis tinctly more conservative than liberal In Us composition and tendencies, this result of the first election under the extended franchise and with the par ticipation of millions of women voters Is most suggestive. Premier Lloyd George has 519 seats for his coalition, out of a membership of 707. the Sinn Felners have elected seventy members, and labor approxi mately seventy-five. Of fourteen women candidates, only one will be entitled to sit In the house of commons, namely, a Sinn Feiner, Countess Marklevicz, wlio was elected for St. Patrick's division of Dublin city. Bat, as the Sinn Felners refuse to sit at Westminster, the house of commons will, ns hitherto, be com posed entirely of males. • Among the surprises of the election was the defeat of H. H. Asquith, the former premier. He 14 rejected In company with most of hls ablest lieu tenants, Including Sir John Simon, former home secretary ; Reginald Mc Kenna, former home chancellor of the exchequer; Walter Runciman, former president of the board of trade; Her bert Samuel, former postmaster gen eral ; Charles F. Masterman, former chuacellor of the Duchy of Lancaster, and others. HUNS. INSULT OUR FLAG. German Officiale Uee Machine Qune, but Meet Defeat. London.—Firing by German officials en an ullled automobile carrying an American flag was the cause of street fighting lu Pogeu last 'Friday, says a dispatch to Lite Exchange Telegraph from Copenhagen. The Germans were defeated in the fighting. About 138 persons. Includ ing a number of women and children, were killed during the rioting. It la said that the trouble, begun when allied and American flags were hoisted over the city hall. The Germuns demanded that the flags be hauled down. The I'oles re fused to acquiesce, whereupon the Germans brought up machine guns and begun firing In the streets, driving back the crowds and dispersing the Polish troops. SAVED BELGIUM FROM STARVING German Oppression Caused No Loss of Lifo by Starvation. Washington.—Four years of German oppression brought no loss of life from starvation to the populations of Belgium und Northern'France, and the undernourishment resulting from enemy occupation can be stamped out If America continues to send food. This report from Herbert Hoover, chairman of the commission for relief In Belgium, based on a survey of the occupied territories of western Europe, was made Saturday at the commis sion's headquarters here. » Will Bring War Trophiea Home. Washington.—All war material cap tured by the American army will be hrought home, Secretary Baker said Saturday, to be disposed of ns con gress may direct. The equipment in cludes more than 1400 guns and trench mortars taken In action and thousunds of machine guns and rifles. Oppose Labor Political Party. New York.—The executive council of the American Federation of Labor at a special session here Saturday, re jected a proposal calling for the forma-» tion of a national political labor party, but voted to send delegates to the In ternational Labor Conference to be held at Versailles next month. New Steel Ship Launched. Newark, N. J.—The Faraby the twentli th fabricated steel ship built at the Submarine Boat company'a yard at Port Newark, was launched Satur day. The vessel was constructed for the emergency fleet corporation. Knitters Ordered to Stack Needles. Washington.—America's army of women knitters, who did not cease work with the signing of the armistice, on December 28 were ordered by the Red Cross to "stack needles," their task accomplished. DEPENDABLE PERRAANFNT STOREHOUSE ON FARM TO INSURE SAFETY OF GRAIN CROPS /• CONVENIENT COMBINATION CRIB AND GRANARY. < Prepared by the Untted States Depart men! of Agriculture.) Millform of hiralielg of vorn oonlrt have been snvètl in a marketable con dition Inst fall if proper farm storages had been available for the necommo dntion of this grain. The farmer pos sesses no regulatory powers over the weather mnn ; he has no control over season, hut tie can fortify himself against the crop losses which often occur os a consequence of inadequate equipment and unserviceable shelter. Time was, with grain dirt cheap, that any sort of n makeshift crib or bln was satisfactory as storage for the grain crops. In actual dollars and cents, many farmers reckoned they could stand the losses of n few busnels of grain better than they could afford the ensh outlay for the construction of de pendable, permanent storehouses. For tunately, the prevalent high prices of grains are pushing the props from un der this outworn theory. The loss of several tons of corn or wheat. In view of the present market prices, mounts into three-column L'gures, and It doesn't take many such losses to make this waste loom large as a mountain. Crib and Qrenary. The specialists of the division of rn ral engineering of the bureau of pub lic roads hove devised a highly effi cient and relatively Inexpensive com bination crib ond granary which mer its the careful study and Investigation of every progressive former. This storage has made a hit with practical farmers who have' subjected It to the add test of extensive use under a wide range of varying conditions. It is adapted for the overage, general pur pose, corn-belt farm. It furnishes as nearly Ideal conditions for the drying, curing und storage of groins as nre practical. 'It minimizes hand labor In handling the crops, while It favors the maximum utilization of lahor-conserv lOK machines. It Is free of waste space, while It Is equipped with detach able safeguards for protection against damaged grain In the way of ventila tors and drying racks which can he re moved during seasons when they are unnecessary. Prevents Spoiled Corn. . Investigations have shown that corn which seems well matured at husking tlma may contain as high us S3 per cent moisture. If this corn is heaped together In unventllnted cribs, much of It will rot*and mold. On the other hand. If this grain Is properly stored In ventilated cribs, most of the exces sive moisture will evaporate in a few days. In order to'fncllltnte the proper curing of the corn, ns well ns to per mit of handling the grain In large KEEP LAYING HENS SEPARATE Not Good Policy to Permit Them to Run With Fowls to Be Fattened Because of Feeding. < t Separate the layers from the fowls to be fattened, heenuse each requires a , different system of feeding. The layers ure to lie fed for the produc tion of egg»j and eggs contain a large amount of albumen, and. therefore, tlfe foot! of the layers should be rich in albuminoids. On the other hand, the fowls to be fattened are to Ite fed for the rapid production of fut. and their food must he' rich In carbohy drates. as fat contains much carbon. MEDICATED OIL KILLS LICE Vermin Will Keep Hard in Unthrifty Condition and Render Them Sus ceptible to Disease. It Is a simple matter to rid your hogs of tormenting, blood-sucking lice. Get some medicated etude oil, and If you have a dozen or more hoga, get No More Hems. One of the newest forms of conser vation la tbe use of fringe in place of hems. A charming model from Paris shows long panels hanging from the shoulders, fringed oq all edges and caught In at will with a fringed gir dle. The fabric used Is serge, and the effect Is particularly good. Japan Tassels. Tassels and (rings both became so popular last summer that there was some doubt about their remaining la quantities, specially planned drying racks are used in the combination granary under discussion. This crib and granary Is 2C feet by 88 feet In floor dimensions with n ra pacity of 2,810 bushels of small grain and 3,540 bushels of corn, head grain bln occupies spaee which otherwise would be wasted In age crib of this character. TO give the building proper height and pitch of roof to favor the efficient use of either a stationary or portable eleva tor, this otherwise surplus spaee Is essnry. It is occupied by the overhead wheat bln. construction necessitates the use of high studding In wooden structures rather than the nse of long, sloping roofs. A special feature of this corn crib which has been devtsed by the ex perts \)t the rural engineering division consists of drying racks situated the top of the crib where the cun be suspended for from three to ten days before being dumped Into the crib proper. On these racks the veq tllatlpn conditions are extremely fa vorable to the proper curing of the corn. Furthermore, the crib Is provid ed with removable ventilators which supplement the shelling trench In Xhe floor, to provide a correct system of air drainage; this combats the ten dency of moist, damp corn to dnmage In the crib. • As the corn Is dumped from thé drying racks it falls Into coni cal piles in the crib, where, ovgr a wide surface. It Is exposed to thorough ventilation and drying before more corn Is dumped on top of It These racks do not Interfere with the maxi mum filling of the crib, as the outer rack may be fastened back on the rafters while the Inner rack can be raised and the space below filled. Any or all of these suggestions may be Incorporated Into any crib of sim ilar design. The expense of such Im provements would be repaid in one or two seasons of damp grain. The ventila tors which aroused are readily remova ble, while the drying racks are hinged so that they can be drawn back out of the way. The grain bins are easy to Install, and they occupy what was for merly waste space in cribs with steep roofs and high peaks. Furthermore, a concrete feeding floor on which corn may be fed to hogs can be Installed at the option of the owner. Complete working plans and bills of material for this desirable combination granary and crib will he furnished to any farmer In the United States If he will direct n request for them to the Chief, Division of Rural Engineering, United States Bureau of Public Roads, Washington. D. C. The over an nver I.. Present-day .economical near corn a hog oiler. This otl will rid your •hogs of lice nnd If you have an oiler the hogs will do all the work, rubbing the oil directly Into the Itchy, lousy parts In the natural way. Hog lice will keep your herd in unthrifty, unprofitable condition nnd render them at least 50 per cent more susceptible to the germs of eholera nnd other scourges which "clean out" thou sands of hog reisers each year. nn Infertile Egg Favored. Produce the Infertile egg. Infertile eggs are produce,) by hens that have no male birds with them. Removing the male bird has no Influence on the number of eggs laid by (he bens. Purebreds Are Best. Purebreds are better than grades to raise from. This can be shown If you consider the vain« of the birds raised. Good Feeds for Sheep. Oats, bran and cottonseed meal, oi oil meal, are good for sheep, and they should receive also some rich hay ta addition to pasturage. fävor «4th women who drees well. But they have both been retained, In spite of their popularity, and somehow by using them tn new and unusual ways the designers of smart clothes still give them distinction. One new way of using long jet tassels is to fasten one pendant on each, aide of the brim of a wide hat Cruet Advice. . "What do you want me to do? Sit on a stool And look pretty?" "You might sit on a stool." IDAHO «JEWS. I Plans are fast taking form for the ; construction of a memorial building at j Quoding in memory 6f • the soldier I : boys. I Nampa's chief of jkiIIcp last week | ■ received two thoroughbred bloodhound I ! pupa, which he will train and use lu police work. Pete Qlavotn and .luck Raeovich, Austrians living at Boise, were arresi ed laat week, charged with manufac turing and possessing intoxicating liquors. O., U. Kelley was Instnntly killed while on lds way from Pauline to American Kalis with a loud of gruln. His truck overturned, pinning him be neath it. Former Congressman R. M. • Mc Cracken of Idaho, hating Just been discharged from tbe army, will return to Boise, where tie will resume the practice of law. Idahoans between the ages of 18 and 3« who have not filled out and re turned their questionnaires to their lo cul board must do so ut once or be re ported delinquent and be mude to an swer for their delinquency. Charles Woody suffered laceration, and fraeture of his right arm in a garage ut Buhl while repairing the en gine of an automobile. The motor Wns in motion and the glove of Wood's right hand caught on a bolt In the fly wheel. PrlccB have soared so high since the bonds for the proposed new east side school were voted that the Boise board of education finds it necessary to reduce the present plans in order to build for $90,000, the amount of the bonds. With his pardon papers dated l>e eember 24, and all his plans made to spend a happy Christmas with his wife and two children in Pocatello, Fritz Schmidt. 3« years - of age, died at the Idaho penitentiary before, he could be released. Idaho's public utilities commission wants hack the.power to fix intrastate rates which it delegated to the western truffle committee of the United States railroad administration at the time railroad control was taken over by the government as a war measure. The reconstruction of the public school curriculum, made necessary in the light of developments during the lute war, wns the general topic of dis cussion at the conference of superin tendents and principals and the state department of education, held ut Boise last week. Managers or proprietors of five local pool halls at Nampa and the manager of the Majestic theutre were arrested last week for alleged violation of the resolution passed by the countj board of health recently which ordered all public places, Including pool halls Aid theatres, closed until January 6. Removal of restrictions on lead pro ducers, as announced December 21, and permitting them to quote prices individually, muy mean that operators In the Coeur d'Alene district will he compelled to shut down because of approach of the price of lead to a figure below the cost of production. It has been decided to carry the case of the Boise Commercial club versus the Oregon Short Une Railway com pany to the court of appeals at Sau The . suit arose over Francisco, charges of local merchants alleging that they had been overcharged on freight rates under the long and short haul schedules, for freight received from the east. Mrs. M. A. Taylor tried to kill her while stopping at s 4-year-old son hotel In Nampa. With a .32 calibre re volver. Mrs. Taylor shot the little fel low, the bullet entering the right lung, four Inches above the heart. In con versation with Mrs. Taylor said she had Intended to kill both the boy. and her little girl, aged 2% years, and herself. During the fiscal year ending June 30, one electric, 2 telephone, 2 steam railroad, 1 water utility, 1 vessel, 1 warehouseman and 15 motor vehicle operators began o|ieratlon In Operations were ceased during the year by 2 electric railroads, 1 ware houseman, 1 water utility, 1 express company, 1 stage Une and 12 motor vehicle operators. Marlon L. Neglay, of Kuna, whose was announced by the Ada as being those on the board's record who Idaho. name county exemption board among hud failed to report for examination under jhe draft, has been satisfactorily accounted for. Neglay recently broke hls leg, and when the time came for his examination, he fnlled to show up through a misunderstanding. The Idaho draft board will be re duced to one member, according to Adjutant General C. S. Moody, who has been udvlsed from the office of Provost Mnrshal General E. H. Crow der to disband the local board, retain lng the services of the secretary. The remaining member of the board to be retained In Idaho will be In complete charge of the draft records. -—I-— Big Cargo of Herring. The largest herring cargo ever brought from Bering sea is at Se attle—3.500 barrel»—and Sound people are to be envied. There is nothing finer tn sea food than the herring, if the cook' knows how to handle !L— Oregonian. Uncle E ben's Attitude. "We mustn't attach too much Im portance to our opinions," said Unde Eben. "I ketches myself alraos' sym pathizin' wir dem Germans cause 1 hate* 'em so hard." - Here's io 1919 ? May it be the best year in the lives of our many friends. BOYD PARK MAKERS OF JEWELRY sau lam err» KXS MAIN STUCT BARGAINS IN USED CARS -flulcka, Old, mobil«. -St. ttoa>n~llM to MOO. GMIUIOM II« cl«« mi, «1 Of condition-««, tor«« if WAO too br right mutin. Will, fox (totalled Vm kkd dofcrlo tion. Und Car Dopt.. M ip low it! it ond PEST SPREAD' BY MOSQUITO Scientists Have Traced Cause of Ole eaee That Has Long Been Prev alent In the Tropics. One of tffe most peculiar of all dis ease» is fllortasik, common In the trop-< Ice. In the blood of persons softer-' lng from It there are found able little worms that can be by the aid of a microscope. These' are present only at night In the blood! that la circulating. At about flvej o'clock in the afternoon they begin toi appear in the blood, havtog been hid den away in the body until this time, and then they remain In the circula tion until about mldnighL when they begin to diminish. By eight or nine o'clock In the morning they have alii disappeared, and a search of the blood under the microscope after this falle to reveal any. They are now collected In certain large blood vessels deep In the body, especially In tbe lungs, where they remain bidden, until they go out on their next nocturnal excur sion. The parasite Is conveyed to human beings by the bite of certain kinds of mosquitoes. The mosquito bites and takes from a man. or from some ani mal. as the ense may be. blood which contains these small worms. In the stomach of the mosquito (the interme diate host) the parasite goes through certain definite changes or metamor phoses, which are Just as necessary to Its complete life as are the different phases In the lives of butterflies, moths and a great many Insects. First It escapes from a skin or shell In which it has existed. Then It bores Its way through the wall of the qulto's stomach and travels forward through the body until it arrives at the base of the bill or proboscL. only tnos ODD BELIEF ABOUT GEESE Long Age It Was Universally Thought That They Originated From the Barnacle. The popular sixteenth century be lief that geese originated • from the barnacle was not confined to the educated, but was shared even by nat uralists. John Gerard, la his "Her bsil (or General Historie of Plantes" (printed In London In 1697), In giving a description of this marvel, says he only telle "what our el as have seen# and hands have touched." "On the Pile of Foulders," he goes en to say, "ere founde certaine shels, wherein Is contained a thing in forme like a lece finely woven ; one end whereof Is fastned unto the molds Of the shell; the other end is mads fast unto a rude mass, which In time commets to the shape of a bird. In short space after It eommeth to maturitle. and falleth Into the sen, where It gathereth feath ers and groweth to a foule which tbe people of Lancashire call by no other name then s tree goose." He goee on to* testify to their abun dance by saying that the best of theta could be bonght for three-pence, and challenges the Incredulous to "repairs nnto me end I shall satisfis them by the testtmonle of good' witnesses." The Pile of Foulders Is the small 1*1 a nil now known as Plel island, near Barrow-in-Furness. un Keep Moving Up. - To be worth moving up yon most keep up. There are thousands of things ,ln which yon must keep up. It's not enough to think well In terms of bos! ness. The average business man must watch hls habits, dress, speech, and companionship. boards of his standing. The man above the average takes care of every th 1 "* that advertises him and hls busi ness. Ha can afford to let others ex ploit the freakish and the startling. Hs takes care that whatever he doea wears tells of the man of Judgment nnd good taste. Call It waste time If yon want to. A few years of ob servation will show the wisdom of bis position. So the thing Is to men tally and efficiently move up. The visible transfer will come with tbe bigger pay as soon as yon are prepared to handle the Job.—Grit They at« all slgn Whence the Red In Flaps. The actual defender* ef tbe red flag do not know er have forgotten that red was formerly the color of the church militant, and also o.' royalty an til the epoch when Henry VI, king of England, took the title ef king of France. Then red came to be consid ered as an inimical color in Franca and waa replaced by white, which la its turn was given up by the English. The red flag was displayed by the Catholic troops of Charles IX and Henry UL while toe flags of the Prat» •status were white.