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Discover Error On Cannon Trophy ■ LOOKS WHOA 'MIXEfl UP s TO ME I o -fli-*» K "o sift -J 15 Miffctnomo at tenure*« . n 75 mm A ASHINGTON.—Like a Jaunty lit tle watchdog at the right of the God of War there stands at one of the entrances to the war department a trim little cannon. It is a pigmy among the giant trophies of mighty guns that surround the building, but It has some history of its own. It was the first cannon captured by the Americans from the British in the Revolutionary war, though it has not been so officially placed upon the rec ords. It was captured by the great patriot-traitor general, Benedict Am W old. It has, in a dozen years been passed by more army -and navy officers and other notables of high mark and dis tinction than any gun in the United Slates. Yet in all this time that lit tle gun has borne a marked error of history that it flaunted boldly on a large name plate—an error so plain Grizzly' 9 Danced By Capital Society « N SPITE of the Intensely cold winter weather the social sea son In Washington was at its height New Year's week, which was an exceptionally gay one, begin ning and ending with a dance, the Charity ball Monday and the second hop of the season at the navy yard. Among the many other Important functions of the week were the diplo matic reception at the White House on Tuesday night, which went down In the social annals of the national capital as one of the most resplendent ever held there. A remarkable assemblage of social lights from other cities graced the re ception at tbe White House Tuesday, and conspicuous among them was the famous Mrs. Jack Gardner of Boston. Mrs. Hugh Roland French created something of a sensation that evening In the first "harem skirt" to appear at a social function In Washington. Hith erto this somewhat startling Innova tion ln feminine attire has been re stricted to the stage. Mrs. French, who Is the wife of Captain French of the British army, was formerly Miss Ida Wynne, daugh ter of the former American consul general at London. . Her gown on this occasion was of black velvet and white lace, and pre sented no unusual*f«ature for custom ery evening attire until the wearer moved about Then it showed at each I New Ptarmigan Species Discovered chiefly pure white, while In other sea fk _/weuT ftyWELL*. fk 9 3 v O; I m ( W HILE on an expedition for the Smithsonian institution in tbe Aleutian islands for the purpose of gathering material for the continua tion of the "Life History of North American Birds," A. C. Bent discover ed a subspecies of ptarmigan, to be known as the Tanaga ptarmigan. The ptarmigan belong to the same general group with the domestic fowl. They are circumpolar In distribution, but are found principally in North American, and are represented by some 16 known species and sub species. A striking seasonal change of plumage which is perhaps more pro nounced than that exhibited by any other birds, takes place among the ptarmigan. In most species there are three, or even four, complete changes of plumage; that of winter being Greedy Hawk Damages Big Clock T HE hawk whose frequent excur sions from his aerie in Smithson ian park to the relay station for car rier pigeons in the postoffice tower have furnished him prey and food in the winter season of scarcity, has tried to stop the post office clock. Perhaps finding that the hour of his depredations was established, and the clock watched by his anticipated vic tims, so that they might evade his sudden swooping down upon them, he has thrown tbe plucked corpse of a pigeon which had satisfied his appe tite into the back of the dial of the tlmepleoe. Had the body lodged between the hands, the perfectly balanced mechan ism must have stopped, appears to have stuck on the pin, in the very center of the dial, which holds the hands in place and operates their movement round the face of the clock. To remove the corpse from the clock offers a big difficulty to the keepers of the building. It will prob ably be necessary to remove one of the glass panels In the clock dial, to get at the Intruding substance, unless The body that it should have been detected im mediately by any passing .high school cadet. The gun is a bronze six-pounder, built in Holland in 1747 for King George of England. It is a little under six feet long and Is about three and a half Inches in caliber. Deeply cut along the barrel near the muzzle end is the following: "Sur rendered by the Capitulation of St. Johns, 1776." But on a large metal plate sunk In the national shield, on which the gun is mounted, Is this con flicting statement: "Revolutionary Trophy; Surrendered at Yorktown, 1776." Thus the little gun appears to have been captured twice—and, further, it would Appear to have been captured at Yorktown six years before there was any fighting at that point. The error remained for 12 years unde tected. Capt. TT. S. Grant, third superinten dent of the building, has corrected the error at last. "Beyond doubt," said Captain Grant, "the gun was captured on some of the adventurous expeditions made by the early revolutionists in 1776." iCOldF TO M I •: step the division of the skirt at the bottom, but it must be admitted in a much less revealing manner than has been advertised for the fashion. It seems the new-style dances of the season, the "Turkey Trot," the "Grizzly Bear" and the like have come to stay in Washington, despite the ban which has been placed upon them by some of the more conserva tive. After the dances at the Barracks and FortMyer a week or so ago, some of the mothers of debu tantes of this year and last, banded themselveB together for the purpose of eliminating these dances from the pro gram of any balls which their daugh ters were to attend in the fpture, but so far their campaign has apparently been of no avail. Certainly the the "Turkey" and the "Grizzly, "Spanish Boston" were muqh in evi dence this week. The debutante who can boast these accompllsnmeqts, has no lack of partners. The president and Mrs. Taft occu pied the box set aside for them at the ball Monday evening for more than an hour. chiefly pure white, while In other sea sons it varies to brown, buff, gray or black. Living as these birds do in the arctic regions and in rugged snow-capped mountains, the changes in plumage affords efficient protection from their many enemies, since they harmonize in color with their sur roundings. The new subspecies, described by Mr. Bent, was found on Tanaga island, one of the Aleutian chain, Alaska, and takes its common name from that place, although scientifically it is named after Dr. Leonard C. Sanford, and will be known as lagopus san fordl. Ptarmigan were particularly tame and abundant on Tanaga island, and good serleB of the birds and nesta were collected for the National mu seum. As the collecting was done in June, most of the specimens secured were in Bummer plumage, which in general tone is a light grayish buff, paler on the throat, chest, rump and upper tall coverts. The pamphlet (publication No. 2,066 of the Smithsonian miscellaneous col lections) describing this bird is quite technical and intended primarily for ornithologists and zoologists. ft**/ \ f jSSAT JL the movement of the hands finally dis lodges it. This explains the antics of tbe clock recently. Severe cold and the depredations of the hawk have brought death to many pigeons who have sought shelter in the high tower. Bodies of four pig eons were found in the snow when it was recently removed from the slanting glass roof over the court of the big building. Winging their flight for the refuge promised by the tower in a half frozen condition, it is probable that the pigeons struck their heads against the stone upright of the tower, stunned by the Impact and fell help less to the roof below, freezing to death before they could recover the power to move. 4 FINGER PRINTS TELL TALES 1 Absolute Identification Certain When the Practiced Sleuth Takee Up the Trail. Many years ago Mark Twain, In his delightful story of "Puddin' Head Wilson," declared that every man's Identity, and often, even his destiny, is always on his finger tips. Twice on one day this has been recognized In different parts of the country. It was found that the men who used a launch for the purpose of taking dyna mite from the Giant powder works were not the McNamaras. Several finger prints completely exploded the theory. They are, however, the tracks by which others may be overtaken. There could be no doubt that "Ed gar R. Jay" arrested in St. Louis for forgery a week after he had mar ried, Is Jay Gould Hay, alias Jay Gould, alias Jule Lee. He can not escape the identity of his finger prints at the Indiana and Missouri reforms' tories. It was only last year that there were two remarkable warnings to the criminal class to wear gloves. Charles Crispl was arrested and convicted for burglary in New York solely because he left behind on window glass four finger marks. They were only a few hairline etchings, but they singled out of millions of people the only one who could have made them. It was difficult to obtain a jury that would convict on finger print evidence alone, but when it was shown that there is only one chance in sixty-four billions that two finger prints will be alike, that there was no great likelihood of any two of the 1,600,000,000 people now on the earth being able to make the same finger markings, the prison er gave up. Again, in New York, was the remarkable case growing out of the murder of Isaac Vogel, an itiner ate jewel broker. It was a single im print of a finger on a silver cigarette case that led to the arrest of Joseph Roberts. Thus far finger print evidence is associated in the public mind with criminology. But the day may come when people registering to vote will be required to press their thumb down next to their names. Philadel phia reformers, who are battling against the floater and duplicate vot ing system, advocate it. They, insist that it is only a step beyond requiring the voter to write his name at regis tration and again—by the side of the first signature—when he comes to vote. It is thought the finger print would stop floaters. Belasco's Flowery Apology. David Belasco, who bows with such modesty before the curtain calls that greet the presentation of his dramat ic successes, occasionally loses his temper during rehearsals of plays, and when he gets angry he does the thing up brown. For the time being, there isn't a peaceful thought in his fertile brain, rehearsals of "Sweet Kitty BellairB," Miss, Henrietta Crossman, the star of the piece, warned him that he must not scold her. A few days before the first public production, however, Belasco broke out in one of his fine tempers, and Miss Crosman, with head in the air, left the stage and the theater. She was walking rapidly up the street when she heard the rush of footsteps behind her. Turning around, she saw the manager, with his arms full of flowers. These he held out to her imploringly. This tribute effected a reconcilia tion. On the way back to the theater the star noticed a flower stand com pletely denuded of its stock. Belasco in his pursuit of the fleeing actress, had bought all the flowers in sight.— From Twlce-a-month Popular Maga sine. When he began the Bother the Button! All know the annoying habit but tons have of coming off at a mo ment when they are most needed, says "Answers." It seems sometimes as though nothing short of wire thread will 'keep them in their places; and even wire breaks away from the cloth. When next you are sewing on a button, follow these directions, and that button will never trouble you again. Place your button, take a hairpin— a strong one—and lay it across tho button, then sew it over the hairpin. When you have put as much thread through the eyes as they will hold, withdraw the hairpin. Then push the needle through near the button, pull tbe button up. and wrap the thread several times round between the but ton and garment. Fasten the thread on the under side of the button, and then you will find that that button will stay on until the garment Is worn out Cooking the 'Possum. Mayor Bryan Callaghan of San An tonio, Tex., is very fond of 'possum and Is particular about the way it is prepared for the table. He gives the following directions: "Never plunge a 'possum into boil ing water. That hardens the flesh and makes It tough. First bleed the 'possum, and after it Is drawn im merse It'in a: pot of cold water and bring the water to a boil. After be ing parboiled,for a reasonable time, take It out, put some laurel leaves, a little oil and some chili peppers in side It and pack' in Ice and put aside for a day cir tdro. "When ready to- be cooked, put It Into a bake pan and surround with sweet potatoes, brown to a turn and yon have a dish that Is about as de licious as any that can be prepared." T Üf i UNUSUAL INTEREST IN HOGS' 1 Vlaitor to One of Large Western Faire ! Notes Attention Paid to Live Stock Exhibits. (By B. E. LINDSAY.) During a visit to one of the large western state fairs this fall I noted with much Interest the features which attracted the most attention among farmers and their wives. The live stock exhibits were always surrounded by crowds, but of these more Interest seemed to center in the hogs than anything else. The hog pens were always the center of intense interest and so great were the. crowds that at times it was almost impossible to pass through the aisles. Much of this interest may be attributed to the fact the high prices for hogs which have ruled for the last year or so, make these animals the biggest money makers on the farm. One farmer said to me: "I have always raised hogs, but never paid much attention to breeds before. Just raised a good average animal, fed corn mostly, took what the market offered and let it go at that, but now, when I see a fat pig bringing from $16 to $20 and even more I have determined to improve my breeds. I find it costs no more to feed a hog that will produce $20 than it does one that sells for $15, and therefore I am down here at the fair ready to Invest a few hundred dollars in good hreedlng stock." It would be interesting to know whether the sales of high class stock have been larger this year than usual, but judging from the Intense interest taken by buyers at this particular fair which was attended by as many 60,000 farmers in a single day, I should say that the sales were larger than they have been for many years. FEEDING CORN TO THE HENS Mistaken Idea That It Is Not Good for Layers—Aids Fowl to Re tain Necessary Animal Heat. In times past many thought that corn was not good for laying hens, but that was long ago, and now the most successful poultrymen are feed ing it, especially during cold weath er. It is remarkably heating, and helps the fowl to retain that animal heat so necessary to life. The principal danger in feeding it has been its tendency to fatten, but by careful feeding this has been over come, and now we find it one of our staple foods. It may also be partially roasted, and be liberally fed without danger if given at night. Fowls should go to roost for the night with hunger fully appeased, but should come off in the morning hungry and ready for more. A light feed should be given then and a more generous supply at night. They should be kept busy scratching all day, as the hen that works and sings will lay. * ' Don't be afraid to feed corn, but be sure to feed it right; your hens will lay better and keep healthier when they, have it Packing and Shipping Turkeys. Turkeys are packed sometimes in barrels and sometimes in boxes, but the better grades usually go forward in boxes. Very little, if any, packing is used. The box is lined with paper and the turkeys packed solidly in it with the heads bent under at one side and breasts up. Tbe boxes are packed so tightly that when the cover Is on there is no room for the contents to shift during their Journey to market. Occasionally straw is used for pack ing, but this sometimes leaves un sightly lines or marks in the skin of the carcasses which Injure their sale. Only one grade should be shipped in the same box, for if several grades are Included the entire consignment is likely to be sold at the price of the lowest grade. The Wire Fence Wind Break. Many poultrymen make the mistake of thinking the wire fence is not adapted for winter use, but the fact is that it is just as valuable during the coldest days of winter as it is in the summer. Of course, tbe wind can sweep through it, but it does not oc cur to some that straw, corn stalks, brush, etc., can be stacked up against it and make If a fine wind break. The fowls can rest under its protec tion a large part of the day and yet not be cold. When the sun shines on the stalks or bruBh the hens enjoy getting under it and resting In the rays of the sun. The wire fence is easily removable, but when it can be used both winter and summer It is very foolish not to make good use of it, even in the coldest weather. Hauling Out Manure. Probably there is no better way to handle manure than to draw it to the field as soon as possible after it Is made. A good plan is to have a wagon expressly for that purpose and let it stand where the manure can be easily thrown on or else wheeled on with the wheelbarrow, and as soon as a load accumulates draw it out. A good way to use a part of it in winter is to spread it on the grass land. How Fire Blight Attacks. Fire blight is caused by bacterial Bankers on the tree. The tree is bruised by picking apples, injured by borers or in some other way. Through !he bruised portions the bacteria en-' 1er. Poor Land. Land which is too poor to raise a good crop of grain is too poor to pro duce abundant pasture, no matter whether it be sown to rape, cane, or any other crop. Bear's 1 Paw: Reach Tar * to r. I . • £.t. ' V rf fi s ;wj LW I V. I M mm > i * s & 4 k * * ft M m T HE most startling feature of modern history is the marve lous expansion of Russia. Americans speak with well based pride of the immense ex tent of our contiguous territory, stretching from ocean to ocean and from the lakes to the gulf, but after all Uncle Sam has only a little more than 3,000,000 square miles in one block, while Russia has 8,647,657 square miles, or almost three times as much. The empire comprises one seventh of the land surface of the globe, and the population which pro fesses allegiance to the Czar is esti mated at 160,000,000, or approximately twice as many as the men and wom en under the Star Spangled Banner. The population of the empire has in creased at a rate which puts our vaunted increase clear into the shade. In 1722 Russia was supposed to have only 14,000,000 people, and as late as 1879 she had 130,000,000. When the men who fought in the war of the rebellion were studying geography Russia's boundaries did not go as far south as the eastern end of the Black Sea, and thrilling were the stories of her war with the Circas sians and the feats of Schamyl, the leader who defied for years the over powering forces of the great white Czar. The Caucasus has long been a peaceable part of the Russian em pire. Years later the whole interior ,of Asia was occupied by pandering tribes of Tartars and Turkomans, among whom no civilized man ven tured except at the Imminent peril of his life. The first civilized man since Marco. Polo to traverse this region was Arminius Vambery, a Hungarian, who was attached to the embassy at Constantinople. This was In 1.864. Since that time Russia has acquired Samarkand, Bokhara, Khiva, Türkei stan and the Transcaucasian country, and extended her borders southward until the little counfry of Afghanis tan is all that interposes between her and British India. On the southeast she reaches to the mountains which form the western boundary of China and on the extreme west she has taken off a large slice of Armenia ly ing between tbe Black Sea and the Caspian until she touches the border of Persia. All this annexation has been accomplished with comparative ly little trouble, and the murderous robber tribes have been reduced to comparative peace and order without any great smell of blood. The news of the day shows a far more startling annexation than any of her previous feats in this direction. It is believed that she will soon have under her control the great country of Mongolia and a large part, if not all, of the ancient empire of Persia. It seems conceded that Mongolia, which is believed to be the home of the Mongolian race, embracing near ly one-third pf humanity, is an Im mense stretch of country estimated at about 1,300,000 square miles, much more than the entire United States east of the Mississippi. It stretches through Central Asia from Eastern Turkestan to Sungaria and the Altai mountains on the west to Manchuria on the east, and from the empire of China proper on the south to Russian Siberia on the north. The people are supposed to be the original Mongols, and are described as a cheerful, good-natured and hos pitable people. They live in tents lined with felt, with a hole In the roof to serve as a chimney. Their ordinary food consists of preparations of milk and millet, buckwheat flour and oatmeal. Their number la esti mated all the way from 2,000.000 to 6,000,000. They are divided into tribes governed each by Its own chieftain, and In the northern part of these are gathered into four Khanates, each governed by a prince claiming de scent from Genghis Kahn, the great conqueror. Women are not secluded as in China, and marriage consists In a ceremony which Is based upon the old fashion of marriage by. capture. A far deeper sentimental interest is connected with Russia's acquisition of the ancient kingdom of Persia, which for time immemorial has played a greater part In the civilization of the World than that of Mongolia. Persia is a country 600,000 miles in extent, or about one-fifth of that of the United States, excluding Alaska It Joins the Russian province of Transcaucasia on that part of Asia Minor lying between the Black and the Caspian Seas and the Russian province of Transcaspia still farther to the east. On its eastern boundary or square lie the buffer states of Afghanistan and Baluchistan, which England has maintained at such trouble between British India and Russia. Therefore, tbe possession of Persia will bring Russia dangerously near India, the thing of all others that England has been fighting against for a half cen tury and which has always terribly alarmed her. Furthermore, it will give Russia access to the Persian gurf and the great Indian Ocean, something of the utmost important to Russia's naval power. At present Russia can only get out to sea by the way of Constantinople, which is blocked by the English at Cypress and by the Baltic Sea, where her ships will have to pass through a nar row passage that can be easily closed by the Germans or the English. Her only port on tbe Pacific is Vladivo stok, which is frozen up half of the year. By getting to the Persian Gulf Russia will have a port in a warm sea and where she can exercise a strong influence upon China, Japan and British India. Therefore, it is In explicable why England, which has fought bo many wars to keep Russia off British India, should permit her occupation of Persia. LOOK FOR THE READY CASH Voters in Corsica Can Never Be Ao cused of Not Having Eye to the Main Chance. The island of Corsica, although a part of the republic Of France, is quite different in its customs from the re public and never ceases to furnish reading matter out of the ordinary for the,. Parisian Journals. The Corsicans have, it appears, a decided penchant for millionaire candidates for the chamber of deputies and are always on the lookout for this admirable ma terial. Yet there is between them and-the millionaire a singular misap prehension. The islanders that millionaires be candidates be cause of the manna that falls upon their country during an electoral campaign, but they do not desire to elect them. As for the millionaires, they are perfectly willing to spread the manna, but they also wish to be elected. "Recently," says a Paris Journal, "one of our most successful money makers went to Corsica to visit his future department. At his debarka tion several dozens of Corsicans re ceived him with 'hourrahs' and guns were fired, which, down there, is the last word of enthusiasm. He under took a tour of the country. At each village, Corsicans, magnificent in local color, acclaimed him and wakened the echoes with gunpowder. "At the third village, however, he had something of a sensation. He had a visit from a farmer who said to him: 'We are four brothers, all vot ers, ready to vote for you. Buy for me the meadow that is on the other side of the village and you have our votes.' " 'How much is this meadowr " 'A trifle, 12,000 francs.' "After a tour of eight days the mil lionaire calculated that to pay for all the votes that had been offered to him would require five or six million francs. And even after that expendi ture he would not be certain of elec tion. desire "He withdrew from the canvass, but he had already expended some hun dred thousand francs, of which his en thusiastic welcome» had their full share. They really would like to have him come again." 8nakes Stampeded Mail Clarks. When one of tbe English mall bags was opened at the Port Elizabeth (Cape Colony) postofflee five live snakes, each about two feet six inches long, darted out. Their appearance disorganized the work in the sorting department for upwards of an hour, after which they were finally captured and delivered to a director of the Port Elizabeth museum, to whom they had been dispatched from West Bromwich, England. It appears that the snakes, which turned out to be of a harmless variety, were packed In a torpid condition in a moss-lined wood en box, perforated with a number of air boles. It Is surmised that the heat of the tropics roused .the reptiles from their torpor and that they wrig gled out of the box into the mall bag, in which they existed for the re malnder of the voyage.