Newspaper Page Text
WORLD'S EVENTS The republic has been restored in northern Portugal. Herman government troops have re Dccupied Erfurt and disarmed the spartacans. The constitution of the league of nations received indorsement of the I<ondon newspapers. Our president has accepted the resignation of William Graves Sharp, as ambassador to France. Army discharges in demobilization in the United States reached a total Saturday of 1,1T4,545 men. Middle west railroads will be in the market for 1,000,000 fir ties from the Pacific northwest soon. Rioting broke out in Berlin Satur day, where more than 40,000 ware house workers are on a strike. Klihu Root, former United States senator and one-tiine secretary of state, was 74 years old Saturday. President Wilson left France confi dent that the peace treaty will be completed and signed early in June. The transport Harrisburg, which sailed from Brest Feb. .5 with 2231 negro troops, arrived in New York Saturday. Railroad revenues for the calendar year 1919 may again fall below the combined operating expenses guaran teed by the government. With the blizzard which swept Ne braska and Kansas last week abating Saturday railroad and telegraph and telephone are again in use. Konstantine Fehrenbach, centrist, former president of the German reich stag, has been elected president of the German national assembly. Major Smith, flying an airplane, had breakfast Saturday at Fort Bliss, Texas, luncheon at Yuma, Ariz., and dinner at his home in San Diego. Twenty-one years ago Feb. 15 the U. S. S. Maine was Mown up in the harbor at Havana, Cuba, and the Spanish-American war was precipi tated. Approval of the proposal to estab lish a government price adjustment board to stabilize conditions during the post-war period, is given by the president. There will be a sharp seizure of the fortunes of the wealthy, accord ing to a prediction made before the German national assembly by Dr. Heim, a socialist. IMPORTANT NEWS OF BOTH HEMI SPHERES BOILED DOWN TO LAST ANALYSIS. ARRANGED FOR QUICK READING Brief Notes Covering Happenings In This Country and Abroad That Are of Legitimate Interest to All the People. NOTED PERSONS DIE I/os Angeles, Cal.—Hector Alcot, a noted arohelogist. Paris.—General Moiner, military governor of Paris. New York.—Jules M. Gaspard, well known society portrait artist. Tokio. —Field Marshal Prince Arito mo Vamagata, head of the elder states men. Monmouth, 111.—George C. Rankin, 69 years old, well known republican leader. Ottawa.—Sir Wilfred Laurier, for mer premier of Canada, stricken with paralysis. lzos Angeles. Cal.—Frank Abbott, a wealthy manufacturer and clubman of Milwaukee. NUMBER OF SOLDIERS FROM EACH STATE Washington Sent 45,154 to the Col ors, Idaho Sent 19,016, and Montana 36,292. Washington, D. C.- A table show ing the number of men furnished to the army by each state during the war was maàe public this week at the war department. New York led with 367,864, and Nevada stood last with 5105 in the total ot 3,757,624 men obtained by draft, voluntary enlistment or through tlie national guard. The figures are compiled up to November 11 and the grand total includes the overseas garrisons in Porto Rico, Hawaii and Ute Philip pines and in Alaska, as well as tlie American expeditionary force and the army at home. Other western states furnished the following numbers of soldiers: California, 112,511; Washington, 45,154; Montana, 36,293; Colorado, 34.393; Oregon, 30,116; Idaho, 19, 016; Utah, 17,361; Wyoming, 11, 393. The total included also 2102 from Alaska. IDAHO NEWS PARAGRAPHS Recent Happenings in This State Given in Brief Items for Busy Readers. W. R. Whitney died recently at Coeur d'Alene at the age of 87 years. Influenza is raging on Potlatch ridge, in the southeastern part of Uitah county. After long wrangling and stormy debate the eight-hour act for women passed the house, 45 to 21. * Word from the upper Hatwai sec tion indicates a bumper crop this year. Wheat is in the best condition in years. liyrou Deffqnbaugh, expert account ant, has been awarded the contract for auditing the county books for l,atah and Lewis counties, of fix in at be Captain ,T. C. Oylear, aged 80, died recently at Ills home on the Little Potlatch, where he had resided for more than 40 years. He was a vet eran of the civil war. At the inquest at Wallace Saturday over the body of Andy Anderson, the jury found that Anderson came to his death by injuries caused by being run over by a freight train near the Morning compressor. The house of representatives gave its approval recently to the Cowles bill providing that in the schools the English language and no other shall be the vehicle of instruction. The vote was unanimous. Herman Ringer, a well-known stock man, a resident of Lewiston district for 25 years, is in a l.ewiston hospital in a serious condition with skull frac ture and other injuries due to being thrown beneath his horse. That the University of Idaho han dled the S. A. T. C. better and more economically than any school in the northwest is the statement of W. A. Hobson, inspector for this work, who finished checking up the accounts preparatory to settling with the uni versity. The consolidation of 20 properties on Beaver creek, in the C^ieur d'Al ene district, comprising the Sun shine, Sunset, Banner and Dewey groups, covering at least three strong veins and others of prospective value, according to mining men, is reported from Wallace. The extension work of the Uni versity of Idaho school of mines has been started at A^allace by Frank Skeels, well known mining engineer. The plan is to start and maintain classes of workmen in the larger op erating mines of the district in prac tical mining with the idea of in creasing their efficiency. A new road with a maximum grade of five per cent Is being built be tween Kendrick and Juliaetta in the extreme southern part of 1/atah coun ty. The towns are four miles apart and the road lias always been bad owing to two steep hills. Cedar Creek ridge, near Kendrick, is planning for mation of a good roads district. The Thorn Creek highway district election resulted in an overwhelming majority for the formation of the dis trict. This is regarded as an impor tant link in the North and South Idaho highway which it is planned to build from Boundary county to Boise. The proposed road will connect with the Lewiston highway, already built, near the state line, southwest of Gen esee. It will give connection with the paving at the south end of Main street in Moscow and with the north end of the Lewiston highway. 'It is reported that the republican majority in the house has readied a caucus agreement to pass the amend atory primary bill, which recently passed the senate. Little change will be made in it from its present form. With the passage of the bill and its approval by the governor, a state wide primary, nomination of congres sional and state candidates in Idaho will be a thing of the past. Instead, a state convention, the delegates' ex penses io which will be paid by the party they represent, will he substi tuted. The bill is one of the most important pending before the legis lature. 8 a a of Anti-Saloon Men There. Westerville, Ohio.—National head quarters of the Anti-Saloon league here announce that the league lias sent a delegation to the peace confer ence at Paris to ask that the United States be protected in its prohibition by such trade agreements as will not embarrass it when it puts prohibition into effect." Rob Big German Cities. Berlin.—Further spartacau disor ders and pillaging were reported Sat urday in Hamburg, Duisberg and Muelhelm. in the latter city the Im perial bank is said to have been rob bed of 75,000 marks t$18,750.00) by members of tlie workmen's and sol diers' council. Sam. the chore man, returned from the city with a scarf pin that con tained a ''diamond" of no unusual size. It was the pride of his heart, and the envy of his village companions. He treated all inquiries from them as to its value and its authenticity with high scorn. His employer, after a week of basking in its radiance, asked Sam about its history, said, "is it a real diamond?" said Sam, "if it ain't I've been skun out of a half-dollar." "Sam," he "Wall," INTENSIVE CAMPAIGN TO START NOT LATER THAN APRIL 21 RANGE FROM $50 UP. SECRETARY GLASS STATEMENT House Committee Hesitates to Give He Asked— Secretary Powers Promises Maturing in From 1 to 5 Years Favored. Washington—Short-term notes, ma turing in from one to five years, would be offered in the forthcoming Victory loan campaign, instead of loflg-term notes, under a tentative agreement readied this week by the house ways and means committee to fix the terms of the loan by legisla tion rather than to give Secretary Glass wide discretionary powers to determine them, as he had asked. At the same time Secretary Glass in a statement explained that the in tensive popular campaign would be conducted as planned, regardless of the terms arranged by congress and that it would start not later than April 21. The secretary had asked congress for authority to issue either bonds or notes as market conditions at the time might warrant, but mem bers of the committee concluded that new loan issue would necessarily carry with it such a lijgli rate of in terest that financial markets might be adversely affected for some time. Under the tentative agreement of the committee, reached in executive session at which Assistant Secretary Laffingwell of the treasury was pres ent, Secretary Glass would be given discretion of issuing any one of sev eral of four kinds of notes to be pre scribed by the legislation. The quan tity of these lion-negotiable securities would be limited to probably $7,000, 000,000, of which the treasury now plans to issue only about $6,000,000,000. a 8 POLISH PEOPLE REJOICE; WELCOME PEACE MISSION Boisterous Scenes Greet Arrival in Warsaw of the Members of „the Conference. Warsaw.—When the peace confer ence mission to Poland arrived here from Paris it received a boisterous welcome from the people, who over ran the station and veritably stormed the train in their enthusiasm to greet the delegates. Princes and princesses struggled with peasants for places of vantage, some of the enthusiasts even climbing on the engine tender as the train halted. • President Paderewski received the mission, speaking to the members of each nationality in their native tongue. SENATE PASSES RIVERS AND HARBORS BILLL It Carries Appropriations of $33,000, 000—Waterway Between Puget Sound and Grays Harbor. ■Without a rec Washington, I). C. ord vote the senate Wednesday pass ed the annual rivers and harbors bill, carrying appropriations of $33,000,000, or $6,000,000 more than the original house measure. The bill now goes to conference. HUNS ASK TO DON UNITED STATES UNIFORMS German Officers Are Told That Their Services Are Not Wanted by This Country. Coblenz.-—Between 75 and 100 ap plications for commissions in tlie American army have been received from German officers by the advanced general headquarters of the American expeditionary forces here. Those ap plications come from officers ranging from lieutenants to majors. BELGIUM BEREFT FOR YEARS. Immensity of Disaster Which Has Be fallen It Is Appalling. Brussels.—Spend five days in Bel gium and you will start by being sur prised at the apparent luxury and plenty and end by being appalled at the immensity of the disaster which lias befallen the little country of Edith t'avell -of Louvain and Mu lines. Be a Friend to everyone. ■ nors between 18 and 21 to obtain cig arettes by misrepresentation of age. Requiring 25 days' notice of final settlement of estates. if all liquor Diverting 50 per cent violation fines into county funds for the enforcement of the dry law. to a Appropriating tlie permanent high way levy of $ 1 , 000 , 001 ) under an emer gency clause. Prohibiting district boards from discriminating in pay of women teach era. Requiring the filing of lists of heirs, legatees and probable value of estates for the convenience of the state tax commissioner. he NATIONS' LEAGUE IS ALL PLANNED NOW IN A FEW WORDS, HERE'S HOW THE PROGRAM IS TO OPERATE. CDL. HOUSE IN WILSON'S AID Those Outside the Five Big Nations Can Become Members of League When They Agree to the Laws and Are Elected. Paris.—With the subject of the league of nations now out of the way for some time to come, the big gest problem before the peace con ference at present is believed to be readjustment of the world's finan cial and economic relations. When the supreme council reas sembled Colonel E. M. House took the place of President Wilson. Briefly What League is. Administration of the league of nations shall be in the hands of an executive council and permanent sec retary. Each member nation shall have one vote in the body of delegates, which shall meet at the league's capital at stated intervals. The executive council shall consist of representatives of the United States. Great Britian, France, Italy and Jgpan, with four representatives from other states to be elected by the body of delegates. The secretariat shall be comprised of a secretary general and assistants to be elected by the executive coun cil. * Membership. Non-member nations, upon giving guarantees of their intention to ob serve the league's mandates, shall be admitted to membership in the league upon an affirmative two-thirds vote of the member nations. Preservation of Peace. Member nations are required to submit disputes to the executive council, which may refer problems to the international court of justice. An award will be made within six months and the disputants will be bound not to resort to war for at least three months after the award is made. If a disputant files an acceptance of the award of the executive coun cil, it shall decide measures to en force the award. These may take the form of sever ance of diplomatic relations, econ omic blockade, or use of armed for ces under direction of the executive council. In case of a dispute between a member of the league and a non member, the latter shall be invited to assume the obligations of mem bership and submit to the provisions for averting war, with the alterna tive of facing the same measures as the disputant member nation. Disarmament. The executive council shall formu late plans for the reduction of ar maments to the lowest point con sistent with national safety. Tlie private manufacture of war materials shall be prohibited. Colonies. The German colonies in "the Pa cific and in Africa shall be placed under the protection of the nations best suited to their administration. The slave and liquor traffic shall be abolished in the African territo ries affected. in of the of to Turkish Territories. Certain Turkish territories shall be given the benefit of protectorates on the basis of self-determination. Labor Reforms. A permanent bureau of labor shall he established, to secure and main tain humane conditions of labor In member nations and countries asso ciated commercially. Freedom of the Seas. The league shall secure and main tain freedom of transit and equitable treatment for the commerce of all member nations. ap tlie ap Be Bel sur and at of Mu Secret Treaties. Obligations by member nations in consistent with the laws of the league shall be abrogated. Further treaties must he filed with' the in ternational bureau of general treaties and published. Amendments. Amendments of the constitution shall be effective when ratified by the states represented on the execu tive council and three-fourths of the states represented on the body of delegates., cig Frisco Strike Looms. San Francisco.—Prospects of a gen eral tieup of shipbuilding in the San Francisco hay region loomed up again Sunday after a period of attempted mediation, when the boilermakers' union of Oakland announced an imme diate strike of all union members, and a small group of striking San Francisco boilermakers failed to com promise wage differences with their employers. for from of of the Mention Blessings instead of burdens. SEE PRELIMINARY PEACE TREATY IN NEW ARMISTICE With Wilson Absent, Peace Envoys ■No Disagree Are Less Activi ment on Bosic Principes. Paris.—With the departure of the president the letting down in the ac tivities of the conference became ap Premier Orlando will re parent. turn on Wednesday. Premier Clemen ceau is taking advantage of the con structive recess by resting, Premier l.loyd George is in England and most of the other plenipotentiaries who are remaining here are seeking a diver sion after the strenuous endeavors of the last two months. A portion of the supreme war ooun cil is engaged in perfecting the lan guage of the new armistice condi tions to aseertain features yet to be determined. It will be impossible to put the new terms into operation on Mon day, when the present armistice ex pires. It has been decided, therefore, to extend the present terms 72 hours and have equal extensions later, prob ably to give Ute German government an opportunity to consider the new conditions. This opportunity is due to the suggestion of President Wilson. The new armistice will amount to a preliminary peace treaty. It is hoped that it will lessen the French apprehension by the assurance that Germany will be made impotent militarily, one condition being the reduction of the German army and another control of the German mu nition production. The American delegates feel that the French will have nothing to fear from Germany in the peace treaty. a In in I as MILLIONS OF DOLLARS LOST IN BIG. SAVANNAH FIRE Flames, Fed by Large Quantities of Turpentine and Rosin, Rage for Five Hours. Savannah, Ga.—Fed by large quan tities of rosin and turpentine fire of undetermined origin recently destroy ed the plant of the Southern Fertil izer and Chemical company and burn ed a swath three city blocks long and about 200 feet wide through the ter minals of the Seaboard Airline rail road on Hutchinson island, with a loss estimated in millions of dollars. Cot ton, naval stores, sugar, lumber and nitrate of soda added to the .intenstiy of the flames. NORTHWEST MINING NEWS. The Consolidated Mining and Smel ter Co. received 8.402 tons of ore in the first seven days of this month, ac cording to a report from its smelter at Trail, B. C. This may be compared with 6,151 tons in the corresponding period of January. The Success mine, near Wallace, Idaho, following the Hercules and Tamarack mines, closed down Febru ary 9, owing to the unfavorable con dition ot the metal market. The prop erty, which resumed operations last August following a temporary suspen sion, is to be abandoned, the pumps drawn and the workings allowed to fill with water. It was decided to pull the pumps rather than to keep them working, which caused an expense of $21,000 during the previous shutdown. Since starting up last August, the price of lead has declined $36 a ton and zinc $12 a ton. Mining opera tions are said to have been profitable until the price of metals kept steadily decreasing to the present low level. New York Metal Market. Copper unsettled in the absence of demand. Klectrolytic, 1714@17%. Iron unchanged. Meial Exchange quota tions: Lead quiet; spot offered 510, February 5; spelter quiet; East St. Louis delivery, spot and February, 635@650. Auto Records Broken. Daytona Beach, Fla.—Every long distnnee record on Daytona beach save one went to smash Sunday be fore theonrush of Ralph DePalma driving his aviation-motored special twin-six auto. Record for two miles, lie traveled in 49.54 seconds. A fresh three-mile record was es tablished, 1:15:04, and that was fol lowed immediately by a four-mile achievement of 1:39:77; then the Bar raco record for five miles, 2.34, male by Henry 13 years ago, went by the board as the streamlined auto cov ered tiie course in 2:04:58. The 10 miles was covered .in 4:09:31, more than a minute faster than the record. The 20-mile record was made by DePalma in 9:21:41. In Break Up Largest Ranch. San Jose, Cal.—With the placing of a deposit by a purchaser this week on part of the famous "Bloomfield'' ranch of Miller & Lux at Gilroy, Cal., began tlie breaking up into small vegetable and fruit farms' of the lar gest individual land holdings in the west, if not in the United States. by of Hindenburg Their Idol. llindenburg arrived at the headquarters at Kolberg recently and ! greeted by immense masses ! singing "Deutschland He lives at a hotel and from the bal cony he whole town honor. new über alios." thanked tlie people, was bef lagged The in his Germany Won't Demobilize. ernian foreign secretary, discuss ing Germany's foreign policy in the national assembly, declared he had resisted and would continue to resist allied attempts to make Germany de mobilize all her military furccs. Ci E WAY TO THE Ü. S. SAILED FROM BREST SATURDAY LAST, THANKS FRANCE FOR HOSPITALITY. nMCy TIME ^HEAD S SLATED M»'*- "in-nu I« vwi.— Will Arrive at Boston Feb. 24, When Will Deliver an Address— Wants Congress to Defer De bate on League of Nations. He Brest.—President Wilson sailed for the United States aboard the liner George Washington at 11:15 a. Saturday. President Wilson gave out the fol lowing statement just before em barking for the United States: "I cannot leave France without ex pressing my profound sense of hos pitality of the French government. They have received and treated me I most desired to be treated—as a friehd—a friend alike in spirit and In purpose. "I am happy to think that I am to return to assist with all my heart in completing the just settlements which the conference is seeking, and I shall carry with me during my ab sence very happy memories of the two months I have spent here. I have been privileged to see near at hand what my sympathy had already conceived of the sufferings and prob lems of France, and every day has deepened my interest in the solution of the grave question upon whose proper solution the future prosperity of France and of her associates and of the world depends. "May I not leave my warm and affectionate farewell greetings." Jusserand With Wilson Party. M. Jusserand, French ambassador to the United States; Madame Jusse rand, David R. Francis, former Amer ican ambassador to Russia, and his son and daughter were among ths presidential party. m. as Program at Home. President Wilsom Washington, will find a hard week's work ahead of him when he returns from France. Within that time he is expected to: Appeal to joint session of congress for indorsement of the league of na tions. Confer with governors on unem ployment. Confer with party leaders regard ing organization of the next con gress. Appoint successor to Attorney Gen eral Gregory. Sign great, mass of appropriation bills. Sign revenue bill. Make great number minor ap pointments. Lead parade of returned Yanks down Pennsylvania avenue. President Wilson will arrive at Boston on the transport Georgs Washington about February 24 whers he will deliver an address upon bis arrival. Asks Congress to Wait. Our president has cabled a request to the foreign relations committees of congress to defer debate on the constitution of the proposed league of nations until he had an oppor tunity to go over it "article by ar ticle" with the members. "There is a good and sufficient reason for the phraseology and sub stance of each article." he declared. The president wants to get the de tails of the new world federation for peace before congress as quickly as possible. First "Over the Top" Arrive. Oakland, Cal.—Four hundred and seventy-two men of the 57th artillery, the regular army regiment that claims tlie honor of having fired the first American shot at the Germans, have arrived here. More Ships to Bring Boys. Twenty-five vpssels are being fit ted out at New York to join the American cruiser and transport force engaged in bringing troops back home. DEATHS FROM BATTLE EXCEED DISEASE TOLL Excellent Health of Men in the Army Shown in Report by General March. Washington, D. C. Battle death rates in tlie American army during the great war exceeded the death rates front disease, according to statistics prepared by tlie general staff. ! ! lit past wars disease killed many more than lost their lives un der fire. The battle death rate for tlie tire American army in this war was 20 per thousand per year, in the expeditionary norces it was 57 per thousand per year. Tlie dls death rate was 17 per thou sand per year, in the expeditionary forces, and ill in the army at home. The Brit ini eil expeditionary forces is given as lit) per thousand per year. But for the influenza epidemic among our hoys Iho disease rale would have been rut In half.