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IS SEEN FOR U. S. Dye-Making and Building Trade to Help Boom Whole Nation. of at in GREAT ACTIVITY EXPECTED; War Industries Centers Show Remark able Speed in the Transition From Munition Manufacture to Peaceable Pursuits. New Tork.—Resumption of peace time pursuits, with the addition af new industries, such as dye-making and the boom expected in the build ing trades, will curry tlie United States at once Into u period of great activity, according to reports gath ered by the United Press. When restrictions on building trades are fully raised and the need for manu factured and raw materials In Europe becomes keenly felt, business depres sion which may result from the stop ping of war work will be rapidly over come, It Is believed. Representatives of industry in 34 states, just concluding a conference of the advisory committee of the na tional council for industrial defense here, declar.e the nation is on the eve of "good times," with jobs a-plenty for returning soldiers and men and women thrown out of work In muni tion plants. Get Back to Peace Pursuits. to ■ Reports from Pennsylvania, Connec ticut, Delaware, New Jersey, Virginia, Ohio and other war industries centers showed remarkable speed in the transi tion from munitions manufacture to Dye factories of : peaceable pursuits, huge dimensions have been built by the Du Pont Interests to take the place of monster shell and explosive pro ducing plants which made new cities In several sections. Philadelphia reported a surplus of Jobs, with returning soldiers anti muni tion makers being greedily snapped up. Sieel plants at Harrisburg, Pitts burgh nud other centers nre rapidly returning to the manufacture of build ing, bridge and other nonwar steel. Wisconsin's plants are being shut down, for the most part, but about 15 per cent^of them have been trans formed Into dye works. Indiana Is turning buck to the build ing of automobiles. Detroit, industrial center of Michi gan, Is gradually returning to old-time pursuits, with automobile manufactur ing lending. Ohio reported a surplus of men. but nt least fifty returning soldiers are be WILL DANUBE FEDERATION BE FORMED? The dismemberment of Austria has revived the idea of a Danube federa tion along the lines urged by Kossuth in the middle of the nineteenth century. According to the Hungarian patriot the states bordering on the Danube river had common interests economically and for the most pnrt racially, and should federalize. The present movement toward a union of the new states forming from the disrupted Hapsburg monarchy has hardly assumed any * «nun« s V y si mitXo m*f t \ Vfiÿj J*0**LMV Am«*. iS* RUSSIA fpOTSOAM V TCMCRNIGOV* «*>•* ;k N. Kiijv o' isms .aym „ »V" 1 J""" SX is»» a * '<£rtc WWHVWOPCSLAU* , 2 e ^; l 3D K *9 - ,4 * V XpyÔNN 1'^'' •i O. « » •_* 4 N MUNICH^SJ OOCNB Vj&CMsM rs too-SLAVS INI ?<T * fjAwawj JL wam Si i> n «9 CNI « icj I a - - r ajS.t - TO, * A <8; *1 ▼ V» ül * WO* definite shape, hut has been discussed at l'aris among tlie various representa tives assembling for the peace conferences from the Balkan region and to the north. Among the states grouping themselves racially as members of the Slavic group nre Poland, Czecho slovakia, Jugo-Slnvln, the latter includlpg Serbia, Montenegro, Herzegovina, Croatia, Bosnia and Slavonia, Roumanla and Hungary, while not of the Slavic race, would he expected to Join the proposed federation for political reasons. Bulgaria also would be Invited to join as soon as the Sofia government lmd met tlie conditions tm eonferoncc. such n union of states would form a barrier between posed by the peace Geographically Russia and Germany, through central Europe, from the Baltic to the waters of the Mediterranean and Black sens. The above map only approximates the boundaries of the new states, as .conflicting claims and local clashes are changing tho unsettled frontiers. ing put to work each day ln Cleve- j land. . j New England and New York are ab sorbing returning soldiers and dis charged munition workers with no dlf- , Acuity. I About one-sixth tin 1 normal number | of persons are now employed at the huge plauts at Hopewell, Seven Pines and Penniiunn, Va. The big United States nitrate plant at Mussel Shoals, Ala., will continue in operation and the surplus nitrates probably will be used !u the manufac ture of fertilizer. A war department committee will decide what is to be done with the powder plant at Nash ville. Labor officials In Ohio believe many women will leave their work soon, pointing out that they took It up mainly for patriotic reasons. In this state many government con tracts have not been canceled and work is going ahead. ?rsrt^>TSPtrsvs'gvrb yrrsrrswnrBi Father and Son Both Kicked" by Same Auto Of $ to t , I Litchfield, 111.—Attempting I «j crunk a delivery truck, Louis (• Hauser, Jr., bad his wrist brok i* on when It "kicked." The next j[9 day his father tried to start the ■ "bucking broncho" and had the same fate befall him. to f PLAN TO REFOREST DENUDED FRANCE : American Forestry Association 1 Will Aid in Planting Million and Half Acres. 15 RIDSDALE CARRIES THE SEED Secretary of Association Takes Only Douglas Fir Seed to Be Had in This Country to Offer to France. Washington.—A little bag containing all the Douglas fir seed to he had In tills country has gone to France to be offered to the French government as help in reforesting France. Ridsdale, the secretary of the Ameri can Forestry association is in charge of the project. There are 50,000 seeds P. S. a I FRENCH BOY STOWAWAY 1 ! >% ' <V> 1 ; S'. - Ii When the big transport Leviathan docked at Hoboken the other day there was one passenger aboard who i . He Fernand ! I was not on the passenger lists, was fourteen years old. Hornier, formerly of Verrons, France, and later the mascot of our hoys at Brest. The little fellow's father was killed at Chuteuu-Thlorry. His moth er and little sister were later killed Llt by a bomb from a 11 tin airplane, tie Fernand then east his lot with the ! ! near his former home. When the detachment of which i he was mascot left for Brest to em bark for home, he went along and managed to smuggle himself abonni the great ship. He Is now in charge of tin- Children's Society home in Jer sey City and efforts are being made to I fiIKl n home for hlm - American troops in and th " value of the trees win be about $1.000, «00. The American Forestry association Is urging the planting of memorial trees in honor of the sailors and soldiers, and the suggestion is being adopted all over the country. The Idea Is to plant trees along motor highways, in connection with any memorials being planned, and In streets and avenues being named for war heroes. The as sociation of which Charles Lnthrop Pack is president urges the planting of a tree In honor of the man who of fered his life to his country also. Many Organizations Help. "In collecting the seed that France will want," said Mr. Ridsdale be fore ^sailing, "the members'of our asso ciation, the forestry departments of the various states, the boy scouts and other organizations will be culled upon to help. "A million and a quarter acres of forest in the north and east of France have been practically wiped out dur ing the war. They were cut down by llie contending armies ' for usé In trench building, for barracks, for roads, for Y. M. C. A. and hospital buildings or were blasted to pieces by shell fire. But the sacrifice was not in vain, for the great defensive value of the forests materially aided France and her allies in checking Hip Ger mnn drives and saving more of France from Invasion by the Huns. "The service which tho American Forestry association and Its members will consider an honor to perform Is to aid In the restoration of these forests which France had to sacrifice under the pressure of war. for no war has ever pintle such a call upon the for ests for materials. "Almost a million French people were d< pendent upon these forests for six months of the year for a livelihood, and the French government faces a great economic problem lu providing thorn with resources for sustaining themselves until the forests are re stored." of a Memorial Tree Plan. In St. Louis, Park Commissioner CunlllT Is going to plant memorial trees along the fatuous Llndell boulevard. An "avenue of the allies" lined with trees in honor of the allied nations Is one suggestion coming from some cit ies adopting the memorial tree plan. Another plan being worked out Is for the planting of memorial trees along tlie transcontinental motor highways by the various counties through which such highways puss. Highway association has taken up this plan. In Louisiana memorial trees are to be planted, one every 40 feet, along the Jefferson highway In that state. Tills Is the highway that leads to Win nipeg, anil the slogan is "From Pine to Palm." In many parts of the country churches are to plant memorial trees In honor of the members who fell In battle. Liiieiiln The Mistake Bag of Sand for Actual Hun Bomb the When crashed 1 J, Pensacola, Fin. X henvy hag of sand X through the roof and passed on <jj> j! through the floor of tho home x S of Stephen Cullers, the family *f. ? fled Into the yard and listened T ,5» for tlie "explosion" of what they ,;» ! thought was an aerial bomb. Inter became known that a naval . dirigible balloon, at a great T ! height, had thrown out the sand- y j bag. % 1 a be tm X ] ' [ U as I I 4$ ers, ers, PRESIDENT WILSON NOMINATES ;,i HUGH FOR NICE JOB IN FRANCE. 111 $1 HAS BIG MONEY TIS REPORTED j I While He Has Residence in Puget ; Sound City, He Spent Most of His Time at National Capital— Political Sketch of Man. ard in President Wilson has nominated ■ Hugh (\ Wallace of Tacoma aiubaa-, sudor to France, . ratio Mr. Wallace, demo committeeman Washington, while maintaining his ! •sidence in Tacoma, passes most 1 of his time in Washington, D. C. | and other eastern cities, large holder of Tacoma and state realty and has wide business inter ne is reputed to be wealthy. It often has been said in his state national from 1 He is a to. ® 5; ests. that no man in tlie western country has been so close as Wallace in the friendship of the president. Long Prominent in Politics. Hugh Campbell Wallace was born in Lexington, Mo., Feb. 10, 1863. He was the son of Thomas Bates and Lucy Briscoe Wallace. He received his education in public and private schools in Lexington and under pri vate tutors, lie was married to Mil dred Fuller, daughter of the late Chief Justice Melville W. Fuller of the supreme court of the United States, January 5, 1891. He was receiver of public moneys for Utah by appointment of Presi dent Cleveland from 1885 to 1887, when he resigned. He was elected a member of the democratic national comittee in 1892 and was reelected in 1896, after which he resigned. He was again elected in 1916 for the term of 1916 to 1920. He was a dele gate at large from Washington to democratic national conventions in 1896 and 1912. He took a prominent part in the national campaigns of 1892, 1912 and 1916. (ii BREVITIES. The Municipal Market commission of Lucerne, Switzerland, is organizing a great International Fur Market to be held from March 20 to 27 next. President HSchaefer has announced that the 19TO convention of the Na tional Retail Grocers' association will be held In Salt Lake City June 23-26. Inclusiv» Timber tracts lying along the Mis sion range, east of St .Ignatus, Mont said to bo valued at $9,000,000, have been sold to the Policy's Lumber Co. of Missoula. The Farmers' Savings bank at Walla Walla February 6 bought from Paine Pros, the Paine building, occu pied by the First National bank, for $100,000, or $2,500 a front foot. The Mining companies of the Warren district, near Bisbee, Ariz., February 8 posted bulletins announcing a de crease in wages to miners of 75 cents a day, effective February 10. Smaller reductions were announced for the larger smelters at Douglas. Sheepherders employed by members of the Madison National Forest Sheep growers' association will find their wages regulated by the price of wool In the future, says an advice from Butte, Mont. With wool at 50 cents per pound the herders are paid $75, and there will be a $5 increase or de crease with every variation of 5 cents n pound In the price of wool. The following officers were elected at the 13th annual meeting of the Western Pine Manufacturers' associa tion in Spokane last week: Thomas A. McCann, Shevlin-Hixon Lumber Co., Bend, Ore., president; W. C. Lu brecht, Anaconda Copper Co., lumber department, Bonner. Mont., vice presi Post Falls dent; II. M. Strathem, Lumber Co., Post Falls, Idaho, re-elect ed treasurer. Board of trustees: J P. McGoldrlek, the McGoldrick bum her Co., Spokane; C. A. Barton, Boise Payette Lumber Co., J. P. Lansing. Polleys Lumber Co Missoula, Mont. Boise, Idaho Greatest Volcano Kicks Up. the greatest Honolulu.-—Lava in quantity observed in 40 years is flow ing from Kilauea, the largest active volcano in tho world. The lava is pouring over all sides of the central firepit walls onto the old crater floor. Scientists said they expected the lake of lava to subside within a month. Dempsey's Sparring Partner. When Jack Dempsey begins active preparations for Ins match \\ i 1 1 1 Jess Willard his chief sparring partner will be Harry Wills, the negro heavy weight, who now is rated as by far the most formidable of the dark-skin ned boxers. <jj> x T ,;» . T ! y j % 1 Flood in California. Cal.— Flood waters Sacramento, from tho Sacramento river recentl spread over a large area of lowland > in the Sutter Basin district, Sutter county, and overtopped tho levees X ] around reclamation district No. 1. England Uses Airplanes. A largo combine of aircraft compa nies is planning to establish a chain of aerial stations at intervals of every [ 10 miles or so all over England. MARKET REPORT Chicago. Hors Bulk of sales, $17.75@18: I butchers, $17.80® 18.10; light. $17.60 4$ 17.95; pigs, good to choice. $15.SO® 17.50. ('attic Choice and prime, $16.25® common and medium, $10.40® : ; butcher stock, cows and heif ers, $0.85® 14.75; st ers, $10.50® 14.50; veal calves, $14.75 ©15.25. Sheep Lambs, choice and prime, ©17.50; medium and good. ■nils, $13® 14.60; ©11.50; tne culls, ;,i 111 •kers and feed $1 $15.50® 1 choice and prime, $11 ilium and good, $firstname.lastname@example.org $5.50®8.25. ewi i New York. Spot cofl'eo quiet; Kio 7s, 15'*c; Santos 4s, 21V4c. Portland. Barley -Standard feed, $45; stand Eastern oats and corn Oats, No. 3 white, $43; 38 Corn. No. 3 ard A, $45.50. in hulk: ho on of pound clipped, $14.75. .yellow, $55; No. 3 mixed, $53.50. Butter Prints, extras, 49c; cubes, extras. 46c; primp firsts, 45c; dairy, 30c. Buttcrfat. Portland delivery, No. 1 sour cream, 45c. Cattle Steady. Steers, best. $12.50 @13.60; good to choice. $11.50®12.50; medium to good, $10.50® 11.50; fair to. good, $9® 10.50; common to fair; $S@9; cows and heifers, choice, $9.50 ® 10.50; good to choice, $S.email@example.com; medium to good, $firstname.lastname@example.org; fair to medium. $5.75®6.75; cannera. $3.50© 5; hulls, $0@9 ; calves, $email@example.com; stockers and feeders, $7©11. Hogs- Steady. Prime mixed, $16.50 medium mixed. $16.25© 16.50; rough heavies. $14.50® 15; pigs, $firstname.lastname@example.org; bulk, S16.email@example.com. Sheep — Stead)«. Prime lambs, $13.75,© 14.25 ; fair to medium, $9@11; yearlings, $10@11; wethers, $9@1U; ewes, $firstname.lastname@example.org. (ii 16 San Francisco. Butter, 54c. 38Vic; fresh extras, pullet Eggs Fresh extras, 37'Ac. MARKET AT SPOKANE. In this section the wheat plant is very favorable, (he lumber business shows indications of Improvement, and tho mining business is gradually readjusting itself to changed condi tions. Provisions. Butter—The market has reacted up ward 2 cents to 48 cents for prints, 49 cents for cartons and 47 cents for butterfat. This is partly due to a firmer tone with colder weather, but more to the fact that the market had previously hen forced down too low, for the purpose of increasing consump tion, at which the bear movement was successful. But the producer couldn't make good and a moderate reaction was Inevitable. Eggs—Following several weeks of big declines the market has held steady and unchanged this week at $11.50@12 to the producer, jobbing at $12.50@13. Production seems ade quate to fair demands. Poultry—All items are unchanged since the recent advance in chickens, which are, however, still very scarce. Fresh Meats—Receipts at the union stockyards for the week ended Feb ruary 12 were 625 cattle, 34 calves, 1.412 hogs and 290 sheep. The cat tle market is firm with cows and heif ers up to $11 at the top. Hogs are steady and lambs strong. In the dressed list, cow beef, pork, veal and lamb are slightly higher. Lard and Cured Meats—Hams and bacon are unchanged, but pure lard is up 2 cents to 29 cents. Hides and Wool—There is a reac tive advance in wool to 30@35 and on wool pelts to 20@25. Hides are unchanged. Fruits and Vegetables. Apples—Cold storage holdings are running less than last year and are decreasing rapidly. Stocks are prac tically out of growers' hands—the crop has been shipped. Under these con ditions a firm market is to be expected on good stock for the balance of the season. There have been moderate advances in many markets. Locally, quotations are slightly higher at $1.75 @1.30 for fancy and $email@example.com for cooking. Potatoes—Easy conditions previous ly reported in nearly all markets have continued and prices have declined. There have been practically no losses from freezing this year and stocks generally appear ample. Local fig ures are lower at the top at $firstname.lastname@example.org. Sweets are scarce and higher at $4® 4.50. Onions—The department of agricul ture reports a stagnant, dragging mar ket in all sections of the country with slight declines In some sections. Lo cal quotations are unchanged at $2.50. Other Vegetables—Head lettuce, California celery and squash are higher. California cauliflower has de clined. Other vegetables seasonable and unchanged. is Grain, Flour and Feed. Wheat—Most wheat is out of first hands and accumulations at terminals and selling points are abnormally heavy. Demand is held up by the un certainty of future government ex pert action and mills are not buying much and there is no other material demand. The wheat plant locally and generally continues in good condition. Locally, there has been little snow, but weather has scarcely been cold enough to cause damage, and there is more snow now. Quotations $2.09, $2.07, $2.05 and $2.02. Flour—Trade is pretty much demor alized. Even domestic buying is slow probably because buyers figure the market will weaken. So far there has been no government buying for Feb ruary and there is practically no other export demand. Some war Hour is left, for which there is practically no sale, and efforts are being made to get the government to take it. Any such stocks moving go at a discount, even at a loss. Local patents un changed at $11 and regulation at $10.80. Feed—Timothy is off $1 and bar ley $2. Millfeed and other feedstuffs unchanged. > IN SEATTLE IS OVER SHIPBUILDERS DECLARE RE SUMPTION WEDNESDAY OF THIS WEEK. STILL ON CLOSED SHOP BASIS Men Who Forfeited Their Places Will Have to Be ReemRloyed— Split in Ranks of Workers In dicated by Reports. Seattle. Seattle's shipyards will re sumo operations Wednesday of this week iifter having been idle since 25,000 tuctal trades workers walked out. on a strike for a higher wage scale January, 21. Announcement to this effect was formally issued by the shipyard owners. The workers will ho employed at the yard gates at the same rate of pay as existed .Ian. 21. Tho announeement by the shipyard owners followed a conference and it was made the vehicle of an emphatic denial that the shipyards will he run on thi- "open shop" basis. Men re turning to work will have to he re employed, the shipyard owners hold ing that they forfeited ttieir positions when they went out on strike, and this reemployment will he carried out under tho federal order February 12, which terminated the employment of men through tho regular United States employment bureau. Tho for mal announcement, signed by tho six leading shipbuilding firms, was ns follow s ; Will Abide by Agreement. "Because of the notice served liy the steel shipbuilders to the govern ment employment agency, under date of February 12, that they would em ploy their men at the yard gates, it has been persistently staled that thiB has been a declaration on tho part of tho employers for an open shop. This wo emphatically deny, and wish to advise our employes, it» well as the public, that the steel shipbuilders in tend to abide by the agreement be tween the government of the United States and the international presi dents of the unions, ns expressed by the president of the United States. "The shipyards will resume oper ations Wednesday at the rate of wage in effect when they ceased operations January 21." A split in the ranks of striking shipyard workers is Indicated in re ports. It is not certain whether the men will return to work or not. is Would Save Ex-Kaiser. ( An urgent appeal to all Germans to unite to prevent former Emperor William from being delivered up for trial is out. The appeal is headed "League of German men and women for the protection of the person, freedom and life of William." Field Marshal von Hiudenburg is sponsor for the league. Pan African Congress. Paris.—A panafrican congress is to assemble in Paris on February 19 for a three-day session, with the declared purpose of securing the protection of the natives of Africa and the people of African descent in other countries. fig Russian Sunflower Helps Crops. The mammoth Russsian sunflower has proven to be a great success for ensilage, in the experimental sta tion of the University of Montana at Bozeman. Wool Consumed in 1918. Seven hundred and forty million pounds of wool, grease equivalent, were used by manufacturers in the United States during 1918. Much of this wool went into clothes for sol diers, while the old clothes man called in vain for the shiny and patched gar ments worn by civilians at home. Military needs kept the monthly consumption of wool to an average of 65.500,000 pounds, grease equivalent, for the first 10 months of 1918, but in November it fell to 47,000,000, and in December to 38,300,000 pounds, as an nounced by the bureau of markets. United States department of agricul ture. Lo are de Massachusetts mills used more wool In 1918 than any other four states combined. After Massachusetts in or der came Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, New Jersey, New York, Connecticut, New Hampshire. Ohio, and Maine. During May, mills used 74,600,000 pounds of wool, grease equivalent, the largest monthly consumption reported, while March and April each showed more than 70,000,000 pounds used by manufacturers. un ex and is the has is no to Any un at bar A downtown merchant, while en gaged in the office the other morn ing, discovered that he had left his pocket knife at home and, a3 he need ed one urgently, he asked the differ net clerks, but none of them hap pened to have one. Finally the errand boy hustled in, and the merchant called him, asking if he was afele to produce the desired article. Jimmy handed titer his ''pigsticker.' "How is it, Jimmy, that you alone, out of all my entire staff, seem to have a pocket knife with you?" smiled the proprietor with undisguised ad miration. "Dunno, sir," replied the youth, "un less it's because tuy wages are so low that I can't afford more'u one pair of pants."