Newspaper Page Text
HUNS HELD THIS CHURCH FOUR YEARS
| SS 5 j i ; | I I \ j i I I j j v-'j » m ■: u ! > > «»» . ■! m œ# . Photo Nfw»p«iHT Unton jailer 3 y interim* of a small church in Bortrunmix which was used by the Germans to billet troops, now restored to ullles, sliowlug strawn-strewn pews which were occupied by the Germans for four years. PLAN TO MAKE OIL FROM SHALE Great Industry May Be Born as , ReSUlt Of Experiments Rpinn UaHp DCiny indue. ... ______ DFPfTCTC IN THRFF ^TÄTF^ ULrUOllO 111 I MILL 01 HI CO Salt Lake City, Utah.—Oil shale must be looked to, probubly for years to come, to supply increasing demands j for and lessened supply of petroleum J and Its products. Salt Luke City seems ! to be the natural center for experl- j mentution and exploitation of an in- j I I j I ! Decrease of Supply of Petroleum and Products and. Ever Increasing Demand Makes Substitution Necessary for Years. dustry which is not yet horn In this country, although manufacture of oil from shale lias been conducted on a commercial basis In Scotlund for 60 years. . In Colorado, Utah and Nevada, east, west and south of Salt Lake City, nre shale deposits of unknown magnitude, and of richness surpassing that of shales known elsewhere. Oil shale Is a common and general term for sev eral different geological formations— different In oppearance and In gum content. Without attempting any elaborate description, It will be sufficient to sny that the Colorado deposit Is found In dense masses of black rock, often with a considerable fossil content^ Some southern Utah shale appears In broad strata two or three Inches thick, fight gray In color, and may be extracted and handled like great planks, while the Nevada deposit (pronounced rich est of all) appears In sheets rarely more than half an Inch thick, of fine, even texture resembling an oil stone and dark brown In color. It is readily broken, even with the fingers. Different Productive Methode. Chemists say different methods of reduction will be necessary In the utilization of these various forms of gum-containing rock. A greater part of all experimentation by competent persons In the United States has oc curred in the chemical laboratory of the University of Utah, In Salt Lake City. Here Dr. W. D. Bonner, consult ing chemist to the . bureau of mines, department of the Interior, in charge of laboratory Investigation, Is the au thority! Dr. Quinn Is his assistant. A fact which has been widely herald ed, but which Js pronounced of no Im portance by the chemists, Is that a small shale reduction plant was built at the university about a year ago.- It is not used now, nor did its use ever have any speclnl significance. To be even more plain, the fact of this small retort having been built nt the univer sity was seized upon by some pro moters of "shnle oil" companies nnd considerable advertising matter hns been circulated regarding an "Indus try" which does not qxlst. The proper method of reduction (de structive distillation Is the chemical term) of oil shales of the United States has not been determined. Re fining of the resultant crudes 1ms not been satisfactorily accomplished. Chemists anticipate no difficulty In perfecting these processes—but it Uns not yet been done. The product of oil shnle after "de structive distillation'' and retorting Is Enemy Keeps Skeleton • of Its Standing Army • i Coblenz.—Information reach- ^ Ing the Americans Is to the ef- I feet that every Infantry, art»- 7 lery and rnvnlry regiment which • was part of the German stand- I : lng nriny In July, 1914, eontln- T lies In existence except some Al- | snee-Lorrnlno regiments, which • # were dissolved. These regiments, • I the reports agree, nre now mere | * skeleton organizations, probably * few numbering more • I • only n • than a thousand men each. I I I I n heavy ' thlck > d, » rk on, resembling in mnny ways the petroleum known as fuel oil ; and It may be used as such. These crude oils vary, ns may be sup posed, according to the shales from which they are produced. They smell more llk e asphalt than petroleum. An ,mmense amount of gas is llber ated by the dlstlllutlon. Some enthusl asts believe this gas will be a sufficient fuel supply for the retort furnaces, but In this the chemists do not agree. The Idea savors too much of perpetual mo tion. Important by-products are paraf fin and ammonium sulphate. It Is also considered probable some form of eom nierclal fertilizer will be obtained, Several bona fide experimental shale reduction plants are now being con- : structed In the three states mentioned. Chemists of the bureau of mines , nre agreed that the greatest hindrance tkfl t could occur to the legitimate de- ! velopment of a shale oil Industry in the United States would be any extenstve "wlldcattlng" ; that Is, selling of stock In Imaginative shale oil plants, even In plants to be erected by untn formed persons and which may be held out to he practical commercial ventures. A shale oil plant Is an ex- 1 périment In this country nt the present , time, nothing more. | In order to encourage legitimate and practical experimentation, an effort will be made to induce congress to make an appropriation to assist re sponsible companies. Let the fact be clearly stated that manufacture of oil from shnle must be, so far as Is now known, one of the greatest Industries In yea ft to come. Plants which are understood to be ex perimental are perfectly legitimate now. They are good businesses. But evidences of wlldcattlng are abundant, and they will tend to discredit the en tire business and cuuse It to be looked upon for a long time, perhaps, as a gamble. Just ns wildcat mines and oil wells have caused many people with money to Invest to view all such propositions with suspicion. or Kilts Big Bald Eagle. Independence, Mo.—A bald eagle, three feet ïrom the beak to the tip of his tall, was killed near here. HEDJAZ WANTS A GREATER ARABIA \ °TABHi2 V 6EKR\ turkey teSçran V MOSuCV ? J ajijk • Mb. .! PERSIA BAGDAD \ .BASRA CMX> MUSCAT « XV 'Q o o ^m >DCN (Bti ABYSSINIA o zoo —I—_i MILES MILES The claims of the king of lledjuz for the recognition of a greater Arabia presents unother batch of conflicting Interests for the consideration of the pence congress. Included In this proposed new state Is practically all of the peninsula of Arabia. Linguistic and racial lines form the basts for the Iledjnz claims, nnd to Emir Faysal, who was in Paris, representing his father, the king of lledjaz, all who speak Arabic are Arabs nnd should come under one gov ernment. At present the Hedjnz kingdom com prises that portion of the eastern Bed : PARROT TALKED TOO MUCH | California Hunters Use Their Shotguns on Bird That Spoke German. j Oakland, Onl.—riuto, a rauch travel ; cd parrot belonging to Mrs. ,T. 11 Ituth bone. Tunnel road, has changed his I vocabulary. He landed two men In I Jail and lost Ills tail feathers, all be \ cause he Insisted on speaking German. Dominien Garerune. Italian, and Mathew Grassepoule, French, were i hunting near the I'.uthbone residence. I Suddenly they heard a stream of dis I loyal German, such as "Hoch!" j "Raus!" and "Gott mit uns!" issuing j from a bush. Garerane and Grnsse , ponie looked at each other. Then by a j common Impulse they clutched their shotguns and advanced on Ditto. I There was a roar of artillery. Ditto ! and his tail feathers parted company. ! A game warden, .1. I.. Hundock, who was In the vicinity, rushed to the ! spot. He found two indignant hunters, : a denuded parrot babbling German and I some tame pheasants. The hunters ; said they were after Duto, but the 1 warden looked askance at the pheas ants and brought the men to the city. The parrot, according to Mrs. Rath bone, was the gift of a German sen captain and learned the language while on a sailing vessel. N'YAWK WOULD BE STYLE HUB Waist Makers Plan to Have Gotham Supersede Paris as Fashion Center. York and not Paris the style center of j the world for women's clothing were outlined here at the unnunl meeting of | the United Waist League of America, attended by delegates from nil parts ' of the country. | Samuel A. Lernor, president of the organization, predicted that the move ment would have the support, not only of the waist manufacturers, but of the ' I dress manufacturers, milliners and other producers of womnn's wear. New York.—Plans for making New in President Lerner announced that the ' Pennsylvania Railroad company had offered a site for a 80,000,000 building : which It Is proposed to build in this city to house ull the waist manufactur ing plants In New York. : HUNS POLISH YANKS' SHOES , • Yankee Signal Corps Officer Says ! cans, who formerly did that them be selves, says a letter from Lieut. Frank jj Blythe to his father, 1 Describing the march Into Germany, , jj e sa ld: "We are sort of a curiosity | to t jje inhabitants, and they have much f enr that we will leave them to the ' raerC y of the French nnd English." I to Th e lieutenant has been overseas for I re- „ year wlth the Four Hundred nnd Fifth telegraph bnttnllon nnd was S u g htly gassed once. ex en a oil Americans Are Curiosity to Germans. Philadelphia. — The Germans are now polishing the shoes of the Amerl or PLANNING FOR WAR HISTORY American Officers Sent to Italy to Study Regions in Which Battles Were Fought. Paris, France—To Insure the writing of an accurate history of the war a score of officers under orders to re turn to America have been detained and sent to Italy to make a study of le gions over, which the Italian and Aus trian campaigns were fought. A large number of officers are now engaged In studying the devastated regions of France and Belgium for the same pur pose. of seu littoral from the Sinai peninsula to south of Mecca. The king and emir claim that parts or all of Palestine, Syria, Mesopotamia, and Arabia should become united Into one great Arab ( speaking nation under the leadership ; The Interior of the Arabian penin- | sula Is for the most part a barren des- ' ert, but here nnd there there nre Inter- i ( of Hedjaz. mlttent streams of sufficient volume to sustain the population. Since the collapse of Turkey, England bus taken possession of the most important parts of what Is geographically Arabia Geor 9 ia state Champion Pig Raiser Was 11 -Year-Old Boy; Youngsters Start Hog Farms Swine worth half a million dollars were raised by Georgia pig club hers during 1018. there were no pig clubs In the state, but under a mcni Fnur years, ago encouragement front the College of Agriculture and the United States department of agriculture 8,678 boys In Georgia are now these organizations, effect on the swine Industry state may be Judged from a summary recently from Its pig club agent in Georgia. Outstanding progress is reported follows : enrolled in Their bonufluinl of the - received by the department as "The Increase In final value of hogs raised l>y pig club boys iu 11)18 those lu 11)17 was more than fitl per cent. over Pig club boys won 70 ribbons and .8505 in prizes In the open ring at two Georgia fairs, number of pure-bred hogs raised by pig club boys in 1018 over 1917 The ineriMise in was more than 30(1 per cent, champion was the eleven-year-old son of a one-horse farmer who bought his pig at an auction sale for 837.50. Is worth 8300 today, boys to one county will start hog farms this year, with one small pig." The stale She Six pig club All of them began Improvements Planned for Oldest Canal in China; American Will Do the Job The oldest ennnl In the world, dating back nearly 2,500 years, and ulso the of j longest canal, measuring in the main section nearly 1,000 miles, Is that of | tending ' this canal has been filled with mud by | overflows of the Yellow river, but the southern portion of It still constitutes a very busy waterway, ' Improved, ex from Hanchow, south of Shanghai, China, to Peking. Most of The canal is now to be rebuilt and says Scientific Ameri can. The project Is too vtfst to be done at a single operation, and the ' f un ds are not at hand. At present, about $6,000,000 are available, and this : gu m w ni be used for the Improvement 0 f a section about 100 miles in length, the ' I for I leaving to a later date, when funds can be accumulated, the reconstruction of other sections. The work Is to be un dertaken by American engineers. $300,000,000 for Highways. Estimates of contemplated highwuy expenditures In the United States for the season of 1919 place the total at approximately $300,000,000. Because of government restrictions the umount was considerably lower than this in 1918, while 1917 It was pluced at $280, 000 , 000 . Mother's Cook Book Is there a cross word that tries to be said? Don't let It, my dear, don't let It. Just speak two words quick, in its stead. And that will make you forget It. More Good Things. Food is the Imperative need of the family three times a day and Is the important subject for all housewives to study. to a re le In of Parched Rice With Tomato Sauce. " Cook three-fourths of a cupful of rice in boiling salted water until the kernels are soft. Drain and pour over cold water, draining through a colan der; let stand until dry. Put two ta blespoonfuls of butter In a saucepan and when melted add the rice, stirring lightly until browned. Put in a serv ing dish and pour over It a hot, highly seasoned tomato sauc4 and sprinkle with one-half cupful of grated cheese, lifting the rice with a fork so that the sauce may coat each kernel. Cold 8law. Cut cabbage in shreds and let stand In cold water to crisp, then drain, dry and moisten with the following dressing : Mix one-half tablespoonful of salt, one teaspoonful of mustard, one and one-fourth tablespoonfuls of sugar, one egg slightly beaten, two and one-half tablespoonfuls of melted but ter, three-fourths of a cupful of cream and one-fourth of a cupful of vinegar. Cook over boiling water, stirring atantly until the mixture thickens. Strain and cool. con French Fried Potatoes. Wash and pare »mall potatoes; cut In eighths lengthwise and soak one hour in cold water. Drain and parboil two minutes In boiling water, again drain, plunge into cold water and dry between towels; fry in deep fat until delicately brown, a few at a time ; heat the fat to a higher temperature and return all the potatoes in a frying bas ket to the fat ; when crisp and brown, Bprlnkle with salt and keep warm un til served. Frangipan Cream Pie. Cut three circular pieces of pastry In 9-Inch pieces and prick each with a fork and bake. Put together as a layer cake with the following cream be tween: Mix two-thirds of a cupful of powdered sugar and one-third of a cup ( fui of flour ; add the yolks of three eggs ; in< l one whole egg, slightly beaten, one fourth of a teaspoonful of salt und | - U P^ U * of scalded milk ; cook 15 itiln des- ' Add two tablespoonsful of but i ter ' * wo tablespoonfuls of rolled tnnea ( roons, vanilla or lemon extract to fla ror. one the — Durable Clothes Made of Waste >1 t i. - "V P I ■> / \ A ■■ i < t; \W 'w-' j y A It My i-:. 1 l I ! £ A ,i.„„a-. a At last! The high cost of dressing is to be brought to its knees. It has been proven that new clothes can be made from the odds and ends of whatever you may have around the house. Such are the allegations of the Longwood War Relief Unit of Boston, which is busily engaged in making garments for refugees. More than 1,500 garments are made weekly and at the great co6t of—nothing. Misa Bonnie Belle Smith, daughter of Mrs. Eugene Smith, secretary of the Longwood unit, is shown with some of the clothes she wears, all made from salvaged waste materials. What Chevrons Mean a Guide to Different Stripes Worn on Soldiers'Sleeves "You can't tell the players without a score card," the familiar cry at the baseball parks, could almost l>e ap plied to soldiers returning from France, according to army olllcerst. To aid the public In determining a man's time In the war zone and the number of times wounded, the following hns been prepared : War Service Chevron—A "V'-shnped bnr of gold lace, worn on lower part of left sleeve of all uniform coats, ex cept fatigue coats, by officers, field clerks and enlisted men who have served six months In the war zone. This chevron is worn point down. An additional chevron is allowed for euch six months service. Wound Chevron—Also a "V'-shaped bar of gold lace, worn point down, on the right sleeve. Not more than one wound chevron enn be worn if two or more wounds are sustained ut the same time. Silver Chevron—For officers, field clerks nnd enlisted men who served six months outside the thenter of op erations a silver chevron (worn the same as the gold chevron) is allowed. For each additional six months unotli er chevron is worn. Scarlet Chevron—Soldiers honorably discharged wear a scarlet chevron, point up, on the left sleeve above the elbow. These are In addition to the usual service stripes. Service Stripe—Enlisted men who served three years will wear service stripe of the corps or department of service. The stripes are worn diag onally on both sleeves of the dress coat below elbow. Sky-Blue Cloth Chevron—Service of less than six months in theater of war is Indicated by a sky-blue cloth worn as the gold war service chevron. Half-Inch Spider Is Victor Over Fish Two Inches Long The amazing strength of spiders is shown in a number of lnstancés. Thus we have an instance of a half-inch spider catching a two-inch fish. It was of the ground or wolf family. A sci entist came upon it struggling with a fish on the edge of a little pool. Its claws were buried In the fish's tall ; It had the tnll out of the water, but the head still remained underneath. The spider struggled to pull the fish up the bank and the fish struggled des perately to pull the spider into the wa ter. For ten minutes the scientist watched this silent and deadly fight. Then he hurried away for a bottle in which to put the coinbntants when he captured them. He was gone about half an hour, and on his return the end t had come. The fish was dead and the spider was slowly dragging Its victim away. WISE AND OTHERWISE , When It comes to saving pen nies a woman will save a dollar before a man bus saved tea cents. When you see a pretty maid In u home it's a sure sign that the head of the house is not henpecked. Occasionally a barber combs a man's hair the way he combs It himself, hut u tousorial urtlst never does. A wise old tiller of the soil, speaking of the relative value of grains, says grains of com mon sense are the most valu able. North Carolina Forests to Be Tapped for a Supply of Ties for Railroad Tracks llow many ties In a railroad track? Did you ever ask yourself that ipies tlon while riding on a train? North Carolina forests are to he tapped for a new supply, says Crete Hutchinson, Vho writes in American Forestry Magazine of Washington, as follows: "At the present time the railroad administration Is facing a shortage In tie production. West of the Mississip pi 50,000, (KH) cross ties are required annually for replacement ; east of the Mississippi 80,000,000 with approxi mately 20,000,000 additional ties for street railways and other Industrial needs. A grand total of 150,000,000 cross ties or 4,500,000,000 hoard feet of timber. "Against n shortage of 05 per cent six months ngo the present shortage Is only 40 per cent and probably will he reduced to 30 per cent by the end of the yenr, due to better understand ing of specifications. Thirty-four per cent of the timber used by the railroad purchasing committee Is white oak. Large areas of the forested section of North Carolina In Transylvania, Jack son, Graham and Clay counties con tain this timber and a road 40 miles long Is being put in to get this timber out. HAVE A LAUGH Working Both Ways. "What is the object of these statis tics you are compiling?" "They are for the purpose of prov ing that the conclusions drawn from statistics previously compiled on the same subject are all wrong." She Knew. I "Men are such K brutes." W "Aren't they? p What was It your Hs. husband refused Mi to buy for you to y! day ?" • 1*1 0 c Once Too Often. "Why have you quarreled with Jack?" "Because he proposed to me last night." "Well, there's no harm In that, Is there?" "But I had accepted him the night before." t Being Good for Nothing. She—Doctor's bills? Oh, my father's a doctor, so I cun be ill for nothing. He—My father's a parson, so I can be good for nothing. Violin's Latin Cognomen. Bill (reading the paper) — Do you know what they mean hy a Stradi varius? Bob—Goodness, yo u're Ignorant ! A Stradivarius is the Latin name for a fiddle. I m As Men Do. "Girls nre more graceful with their , hands than men." "They have to learn to be." "What do you mean?' "They can't uodge the Issue by keep ing their hands In their pockets." u Farming Is a Business." Large numbers of farmers have more money in their business than the business men in their county seat towns have Invested In their stores. Farmers are slowly coming to realize the truth of this comparison and thnt farming Is n business, in connection with which business methods must be used.