HUNS HELD THIS CHURCH FOUR YEARS
> > «»» . ■!
interim* of a small church in Bortrunmix which was used by the Germans
to billet troops, now restored to ullles, sliowlug strawn-strewn pews which
were occupied by the Germans for four years.
PLAN TO MAKE
OIL FROM SHALE
Great Industry May Be Born as
ReSUlt Of Experiments
DFPfTCTC IN THRFF ^TÄTF^
ULrUOllO 111 I MILL 01 HI CO
Salt Lake City, Utah.—Oil shale
must be looked to, probubly for years
to come, to supply increasing demands j
for and lessened supply of petroleum J
and Its products. Salt Luke City seems !
to be the natural center for experl- j
mentution and exploitation of an in- j
Decrease of Supply of Petroleum and
Products and. Ever Increasing
Demand Makes Substitution
Necessary for Years.
dustry which is not yet horn In this
country, although manufacture of oil
from shale lias been conducted on a
commercial basis In Scotlund for 60
In Colorado, Utah and Nevada, east,
west and south of Salt Lake City, nre
shale deposits of unknown magnitude,
and of richness surpassing that of
shales known elsewhere. Oil shale Is
a common and general term for sev
eral different geological formations—
different In oppearance and In gum
Without attempting any elaborate
description, It will be sufficient to sny
that the Colorado deposit Is found In
dense masses of black rock, often with
a considerable fossil content^ Some
southern Utah shale appears In broad
strata two or three Inches thick, fight
gray In color, and may be extracted
and handled like great planks, while
the Nevada deposit (pronounced rich
est of all) appears In sheets rarely
more than half an Inch thick, of fine,
even texture resembling an oil stone
and dark brown In color. It is readily
broken, even with the fingers.
Different Productive Methode.
Chemists say different methods of
reduction will be necessary In the
utilization of these various forms of
gum-containing rock. A greater part
of all experimentation by competent
persons In the United States has oc
curred in the chemical laboratory of
the University of Utah, In Salt Lake
City. Here Dr. W. D. Bonner, consult
ing chemist to the . bureau of mines,
department of the Interior, in charge
of laboratory Investigation, Is the au
thority! Dr. Quinn Is his assistant.
A fact which has been widely herald
ed, but which Js pronounced of no Im
portance by the chemists, Is that a
small shale reduction plant was built
at the university about a year ago.- It
is not used now, nor did its use ever
have any speclnl significance. To be
even more plain, the fact of this small
retort having been built nt the univer
sity was seized upon by some pro
moters of "shnle oil" companies nnd
considerable advertising matter hns
been circulated regarding an "Indus
try" which does not qxlst.
The proper method of reduction (de
structive distillation Is the chemical
term) of oil shales of the United
States has not been determined. Re
fining of the resultant crudes 1ms not
been satisfactorily accomplished.
Chemists anticipate no difficulty In
perfecting these processes—but it Uns
not yet been done.
The product of oil shnle after "de
structive distillation'' and retorting Is
Enemy Keeps Skeleton •
of Its Standing Army •
Coblenz.—Information reach- ^
Ing the Americans Is to the ef- I
feet that every Infantry, art»- 7
lery and rnvnlry regiment which •
was part of the German stand- I :
lng nriny In July, 1914, eontln- T
lies In existence except some Al- |
snee-Lorrnlno regiments, which •
# were dissolved. These regiments, •
I the reports agree, nre now mere |
* skeleton organizations, probably *
few numbering more •
• only n
• than a thousand men each.
n heavy ' thlck > d, » rk on, resembling in
mnny ways the petroleum known as
fuel oil ; and It may be used as such.
These crude oils vary, ns may be sup
posed, according to the shales from
which they are produced. They smell
more llk e asphalt than petroleum.
An ,mmense amount of gas is llber
ated by the dlstlllutlon. Some enthusl
asts believe this gas will be a sufficient
fuel supply for the retort furnaces, but
In this the chemists do not agree. The
Idea savors too much of perpetual mo
tion. Important by-products are paraf
fin and ammonium sulphate. It Is also
considered probable some form of eom
nierclal fertilizer will be obtained,
Several bona fide experimental shale
reduction plants are now being con- :
structed In the three states mentioned.
Chemists of the bureau of mines ,
nre agreed that the greatest hindrance
tkfl t could occur to the legitimate de- !
velopment of a shale oil Industry in the
United States would be any extenstve
"wlldcattlng" ; that Is, selling of stock
In Imaginative shale oil plants,
even In plants to be erected by untn
formed persons and which may be
held out to he practical commercial
ventures. A shale oil plant Is an ex- 1
périment In this country nt the present ,
time, nothing more. |
In order to encourage legitimate and
practical experimentation, an effort
will be made to induce congress to
make an appropriation to assist re
Let the fact be clearly stated that
manufacture of oil from shnle must
be, so far as Is now known, one of the
greatest Industries In yea ft to come.
Plants which are understood to be ex
perimental are perfectly legitimate
now. They are good businesses. But
evidences of wlldcattlng are abundant,
and they will tend to discredit the en
tire business and cuuse It to be looked
upon for a long time, perhaps, as a
gamble. Just ns wildcat mines and oil
wells have caused many people with
money to Invest to view all such
propositions with suspicion.
Kilts Big Bald Eagle.
Independence, Mo.—A bald eagle,
three feet ïrom the beak to the tip of
his tall, was killed near here.
HEDJAZ WANTS A GREATER ARABIA
The claims of the king of lledjuz
for the recognition of a greater Arabia
presents unother batch of conflicting
Interests for the consideration of the
Included In this proposed new state
Is practically all of the peninsula of
Arabia. Linguistic and racial lines
form the basts for the Iledjnz claims,
nnd to Emir Faysal, who was in Paris,
representing his father, the king of
lledjaz, all who speak Arabic are
Arabs nnd should come under one gov
At present the Hedjnz kingdom com
prises that portion of the eastern Bed
PARROT TALKED TOO MUCH
| California Hunters Use Their Shotguns
on Bird That Spoke German.
j Oakland, Onl.—riuto, a rauch travel
; cd parrot belonging to Mrs. ,T. 11 Ituth
bone. Tunnel road, has changed his
I vocabulary. He landed two men In
I Jail and lost Ills tail feathers, all be
\ cause he Insisted on speaking German.
Dominien Garerune. Italian, and
Mathew Grassepoule, French, were
i hunting near the I'.uthbone residence.
I Suddenly they heard a stream of dis
I loyal German, such as "Hoch!"
j "Raus!" and "Gott mit uns!" issuing
j from a bush. Garerane and Grnsse
, ponie looked at each other. Then by a
j common Impulse they clutched their
shotguns and advanced on Ditto.
I There was a roar of artillery. Ditto
! and his tail feathers parted company.
! A game warden, .1. I.. Hundock, who
was In the vicinity, rushed to the
! spot. He found two indignant hunters,
: a denuded parrot babbling German and
I some tame pheasants. The hunters
; said they were after Duto, but the
1 warden looked askance at the pheas
ants and brought the men to the city.
The parrot, according to Mrs. Rath
bone, was the gift of a German sen
captain and learned the language while
on a sailing vessel.
N'YAWK WOULD BE STYLE HUB
Waist Makers Plan to Have Gotham
Supersede Paris as Fashion
York and not Paris the style center of j
the world for women's clothing were
outlined here at the unnunl meeting of |
the United Waist League of America,
attended by delegates from nil parts '
of the country. |
Samuel A. Lernor, president of the
organization, predicted that the move
ment would have the support, not only
of the waist manufacturers, but of the '
I dress manufacturers, milliners and
other producers of womnn's wear.
New York.—Plans for making New
President Lerner announced that the '
Pennsylvania Railroad company had
offered a site for a 80,000,000 building :
which It Is proposed to build in this
city to house ull the waist manufactur
ing plants In New York.
HUNS POLISH YANKS' SHOES
Yankee Signal Corps Officer Says
cans, who formerly did that them
be selves, says a letter from Lieut. Frank
jj Blythe to his father,
1 Describing the march Into Germany,
, jj e sa ld: "We are sort of a curiosity
| to t jje inhabitants, and they have much
f enr that we will leave them to the '
raerC y of the French nnd English." I
to Th e lieutenant has been overseas for I
re- „ year wlth the Four Hundred nnd
Fifth telegraph bnttnllon nnd was
S u g htly gassed once.
Americans Are Curiosity to
Philadelphia. — The Germans are
now polishing the shoes of the Amerl
PLANNING FOR WAR HISTORY
American Officers Sent to Italy to
Study Regions in Which Battles
Paris, France—To Insure the writing
of an accurate history of the war a
score of officers under orders to re
turn to America have been detained
and sent to Italy to make a study of le
gions over, which the Italian and Aus
trian campaigns were fought. A large
number of officers are now engaged In
studying the devastated regions of
France and Belgium for the same pur
seu littoral from the Sinai peninsula
to south of Mecca. The king and emir
claim that parts or all of Palestine,
Syria, Mesopotamia, and Arabia should
become united Into one great Arab (
speaking nation under the leadership ;
The Interior of the Arabian penin- |
sula Is for the most part a barren des- '
ert, but here nnd there there nre Inter- i
mlttent streams of sufficient volume
to sustain the population. Since the
collapse of Turkey, England bus taken
possession of the most important parts
of what Is geographically Arabia
Geor 9 ia state Champion Pig
Raiser Was 11 -Year-Old Boy;
Youngsters Start Hog Farms
Swine worth half a million dollars
were raised by Georgia pig club
hers during 1018.
there were no pig clubs In the state,
Fnur years, ago
encouragement front the
College of Agriculture and the United
States department of agriculture 8,678
boys In Georgia are now
effect on the swine Industry
state may be Judged from a summary
from Its pig club agent in Georgia.
Outstanding progress is reported
of the -
received by the department
"The Increase In final value of hogs
raised l>y pig club boys iu 11)18
those lu 11)17 was more than fitl per
Pig club boys won 70 ribbons
and .8505 in prizes In the open ring at
two Georgia fairs,
number of pure-bred hogs raised by
pig club boys in 1018 over 1917
The ineriMise in
more than 30(1 per cent,
champion was the eleven-year-old son
of a one-horse farmer who bought his
pig at an auction sale for 837.50.
Is worth 8300 today,
boys to one county will start hog
farms this year,
with one small pig."
Six pig club
All of them began
Improvements Planned for
Oldest Canal in China;
American Will Do the Job
The oldest ennnl In the world, dating
back nearly 2,500 years, and ulso the
of j longest canal, measuring in the main
section nearly 1,000 miles, Is that
of | tending
' this canal has been filled with mud by
| overflows of the Yellow river, but the
southern portion of It still constitutes
a very busy waterway,
from Hanchow, south of
Shanghai, China, to Peking. Most of
The canal is now to be rebuilt and
says Scientific Ameri
can. The project Is too vtfst to be
done at a single operation, and the
' f un ds are not at hand. At present,
about $6,000,000 are available, and this
: gu m w ni be used for the Improvement
0 f a section about 100 miles in length,
leaving to a later date, when funds can
be accumulated, the reconstruction of
other sections. The work Is to be un
dertaken by American engineers.
$300,000,000 for Highways.
Estimates of contemplated highwuy
expenditures In the United States for
the season of 1919 place the total at
approximately $300,000,000. Because
of government restrictions the umount
was considerably lower than this in
1918, while 1917 It was pluced at $280,
000 , 000 .
Mother's Cook Book
Is there a cross word that tries to be
Don't let It, my dear, don't let It.
Just speak two words quick, in its stead.
And that will make you forget It.
More Good Things.
Food is the Imperative need of the
family three times a day and Is the
important subject for all housewives
Parched Rice With Tomato Sauce.
" Cook three-fourths of a cupful of
rice in boiling salted water until the
kernels are soft. Drain and pour over
cold water, draining through a colan
der; let stand until dry. Put two ta
blespoonfuls of butter In a saucepan
and when melted add the rice, stirring
lightly until browned. Put in a serv
ing dish and pour over It a hot, highly
seasoned tomato sauc4 and sprinkle
with one-half cupful of grated cheese,
lifting the rice with a fork so that the
sauce may coat each kernel.
Cut cabbage in shreds and let
stand In cold water to crisp, then drain,
dry and moisten with the following
dressing : Mix one-half tablespoonful
of salt, one teaspoonful of mustard,
one and one-fourth tablespoonfuls of
sugar, one egg slightly beaten, two and
one-half tablespoonfuls of melted but
ter, three-fourths of a cupful of cream
and one-fourth of a cupful of vinegar.
Cook over boiling water, stirring
atantly until the mixture thickens.
Strain and cool.
French Fried Potatoes.
Wash and pare »mall potatoes; cut
In eighths lengthwise and soak one
hour in cold water. Drain and parboil
two minutes In boiling water, again
drain, plunge into cold water and dry
between towels; fry in deep fat until
delicately brown, a few at a time ; heat
the fat to a higher temperature and
return all the potatoes in a frying bas
ket to the fat ; when crisp and brown,
Bprlnkle with salt and keep warm un
Frangipan Cream Pie.
Cut three circular pieces of pastry
In 9-Inch pieces and prick each with a
fork and bake. Put together as a layer
cake with the following cream be
tween: Mix two-thirds of a cupful of
powdered sugar and one-third of a cup
( fui of flour ; add the yolks of three eggs
; in< l one whole egg, slightly beaten, one
fourth of a teaspoonful of salt und
| - U P^ U * of scalded milk ; cook 15 itiln
des- ' Add two tablespoonsful of but
i ter ' * wo tablespoonfuls of rolled tnnea
( roons, vanilla or lemon extract to fla
Durable Clothes Made of Waste
■■ i <
At last! The high cost of dressing is to be brought to its knees. It
has been proven that new clothes can be made from the odds and ends of
whatever you may have around the house. Such are the allegations of the
Longwood War Relief Unit of Boston, which is busily engaged in making
garments for refugees. More than 1,500 garments are made weekly and at
the great co6t of—nothing. Misa Bonnie Belle Smith, daughter of Mrs.
Eugene Smith, secretary of the Longwood unit, is shown with some of the
clothes she wears, all made from salvaged waste materials.
Guide to Different Stripes Worn
"You can't tell the players without
a score card," the familiar cry at the
baseball parks, could almost l>e ap
plied to soldiers returning from
France, according to army olllcerst. To
aid the public In determining a man's
time In the war zone and the number
of times wounded, the following hns
been prepared :
War Service Chevron—A "V'-shnped
bnr of gold lace, worn on lower part
of left sleeve of all uniform coats, ex
cept fatigue coats, by officers, field
clerks and enlisted men who have
served six months In the war zone.
This chevron is worn point down. An
additional chevron is allowed for euch
six months service.
Wound Chevron—Also a "V'-shaped
bar of gold lace, worn point down, on
the right sleeve. Not more than one
wound chevron enn be worn if two or
more wounds are sustained ut the
Silver Chevron—For officers, field
clerks nnd enlisted men who served
six months outside the thenter of op
erations a silver chevron (worn the
same as the gold chevron) is allowed.
For each additional six months unotli
er chevron is worn.
Scarlet Chevron—Soldiers honorably
discharged wear a scarlet chevron,
point up, on the left sleeve above the
elbow. These are In addition to the
usual service stripes.
Service Stripe—Enlisted men who
served three years will wear service
stripe of the corps or department of
service. The stripes are worn diag
onally on both sleeves of the dress
coat below elbow.
Sky-Blue Cloth Chevron—Service of
less than six months in theater of war
is Indicated by a sky-blue cloth worn
as the gold war service chevron.
Half-Inch Spider Is Victor
Over Fish Two Inches Long
The amazing strength of spiders is
shown in a number of lnstancés. Thus
we have an instance of a half-inch
spider catching a two-inch fish. It was
of the ground or wolf family. A sci
entist came upon it struggling with a
fish on the edge of a little pool. Its
claws were buried In the fish's tall ;
It had the tnll out of the water, but
the head still remained underneath.
The spider struggled to pull the fish
up the bank and the fish struggled des
perately to pull the spider into the wa
ter. For ten minutes the scientist
watched this silent and deadly fight.
Then he hurried away for a bottle in
which to put the coinbntants when he
captured them. He was gone about
half an hour, and on his return the end t
had come. The fish was dead and the
spider was slowly dragging Its victim
WISE AND OTHERWISE
When It comes to saving pen
nies a woman will save a dollar
before a man bus saved tea
When you see a pretty maid
In u home it's a sure sign that
the head of the house is not
Occasionally a barber combs
a man's hair the way he combs
It himself, hut u tousorial urtlst
A wise old tiller of the soil,
speaking of the relative value
of grains, says grains of com
mon sense are the most valu
North Carolina Forests to
Be Tapped for a Supply of
Ties for Railroad Tracks
llow many ties In a railroad track?
Did you ever ask yourself that ipies
tlon while riding on a train? North
Carolina forests are to he tapped for
a new supply, says Crete Hutchinson,
Vho writes in American Forestry
Magazine of Washington, as follows:
"At the present time the railroad
administration Is facing a shortage In
tie production. West of the Mississip
pi 50,000, (KH) cross ties are required
annually for replacement ; east of the
Mississippi 80,000,000 with approxi
mately 20,000,000 additional ties for
street railways and other Industrial
needs. A grand total of 150,000,000
cross ties or 4,500,000,000 hoard feet
"Against n shortage of 05 per cent
six months ngo the present shortage
Is only 40 per cent and probably will
he reduced to 30 per cent by the end
of the yenr, due to better understand
ing of specifications. Thirty-four per
cent of the timber used by the railroad
purchasing committee Is white oak.
Large areas of the forested section of
North Carolina In Transylvania, Jack
son, Graham and Clay counties con
tain this timber and a road 40 miles
long Is being put in to get this timber
HAVE A LAUGH
Working Both Ways.
"What is the object of these statis
tics you are compiling?"
"They are for the purpose of prov
ing that the conclusions drawn from
statistics previously compiled on the
same subject are all wrong."
I "Men are such
W "Aren't they?
p What was It your
Hs. husband refused
Mi to buy for you to
y! day ?"
Once Too Often.
"Why have you quarreled with
"Because he proposed to me last
"Well, there's no harm In that, Is
"But I had accepted him the night
Being Good for Nothing.
She—Doctor's bills? Oh, my father's
a doctor, so I cun be ill for nothing.
He—My father's a parson, so I can
be good for nothing.
Violin's Latin Cognomen.
Bill (reading the
paper) — Do you
know what they
mean hy a Stradi
yo u're Ignorant !
A Stradivarius is
the Latin name
for a fiddle.
As Men Do.
"Girls nre more graceful with their
, hands than men."
"They have to learn to be."
"What do you mean?'
"They can't uodge the Issue by keep
ing their hands In their pockets."
Farming Is a Business."
Large numbers of farmers have
more money in their business than
the business men in their county seat
towns have Invested In their stores.
Farmers are slowly coming to realize
the truth of this comparison and thnt
farming Is n business, in connection
with which business methods must be
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