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STATE MAY WITHDRAW, PROVID ED IT KEEPS OBLIGATIONS, ON 2 YEARS' NOTICE. OUR MONROE DOCTRINE SAFE Sections Relating to Disarmament and Mandatories Altered—Each State Has One Vote—Official Sum mary of Document. Paris.—The following offical sum mary of the covenant of the league of nations was issued Saturday by the peace conference: One—The league of nations is founded in order to promote inter national cooperation and to secure peace. The league will include: (al The belligerent states named in a document annexed to the coven ant. (b) All the neutral states so named. In the future all self-govern ing country whose admission is ap proved by two-thirds of the states al ready members of the league. A state may withdraw from the league, providing it has kept its obli gations to date, on giving two years' notice. (i » Two—The league will act through an assembly comprising not more than three representatives of each of the member states, each state, hav ing only one vote, and a council com prising for the present one represen tative of each of the five great powers and each of four other powers as selected from time to time by the assembly. The number of powers of each class represented on the council may be increased by the unanimous con sent of the council and a majority of j the assembly. Other powers have the light to sit as members of the conn -1 oil during the decision of matters in which they are especially interested. In the council, as in the assembly, each state will have only one vote, llotli these bodies are to meet at stated intervals (the council at least once a year) and at other times if required; both can deal with any mat ter that is of international interest or that threatens the peace of the world; the decision of both must be unani mous except in certain specified cases, matters of procedure, for instance, be ing decided by a majority vote. The league will have a permanent secretariat, under a secretary general. The secretariat and all other bodies under the league may include women, equally with men. A permanent court of international justice and various permanent commissions and bureaus are also to be established. Three—The member states agree: (a) To reduce their armanents, plans for such reduction being sug gested by the council, but only adopt ed with the consent of the states themselves, and thereafter not to in crease them without the concurrence of the council. <b) To exchange full information of their existing armies and their naval and military programs. (c) To respect each other's ter ritory and personal Indépendance, and to guarantee them against foreign aggressions. (d) To submit all international dis putes either to arbitration or to in quiry by the council, which latter, however, may not pronounce an opin ion on any dispute whose subject mat ter falls solely within a state's domes tic jurisdiction; in no case to go to war til three months alter an award, or an unanimous recommendation lias been made, and even then not to go to war with a state which accepts the award or recommendation. (e) To regard a state which lias broken the covenant as having com mitted an act of war against the league, to break off all economic and other relations with it. and to allow free passage through their territories to tiie troops of those states which are contributing armed force on lie half of tlie league. reciAnmend what amount of force, if | any, should be supplied by the several governments concerned, but tlie ap proval of the latter is necessary. (States not members of the league will be invited to accept tlie obliga tions of the league for the purpose of particular disputes, and if they fail to comply may lie forced). (f) Not to consider any treaty, binding till it lias been communicated to the league, which will then pro ceed to publish it, to admit the right of the assembly to advise tin- recon sideration of treaties and internation al conditions which do not accord with present needs, and to lie bound by no obligations inconsistent with the covenant. *A state which breaks its agree ments may be expelled from the league by the council. Four—The covenant does not af- j left the validity of international en gagements, such as treaties of arbi or regional understandings I The council is to i tratiou like the Monroe doctrine, for securing the maintenance of peace. Five—The former German colonies and the territories of tlie Ottoman empire are to be administered in the by states j Interests of civilization which are willing to be mandatories of I he league, which will exercise » general supervision. Six—The member states accept cer tain resimnsibilities with regard to labor conditions, the treatment of na tives, the white 3lave traffic, the opi um traffic, the arms traffic with unci vilized and semi-civilized countries, transit and trade conditions, public health and Red Cross societies. Seven-—The league is recognized as the central body interested in co ordinating and assisting international activities generallq. Right—Amendments to the coven ant require the approval of all the states on the council and a simple majority of those in the assembly. States which signify their dissent from amendments thus approved are not bound by them, but, in this case, cease to be members of the league." her GET PRELIMINARY PEACE TREATY IN TWO WEEKS Indications Are That It Will Be Ready Then for the Huns—Make the Enemy Pay. Paris.—The peace treaty and the league of nations undoubtedly have reached the final stage of negotia tions, but it is not clear that they are out of troubled waters, as they must pass the ordeal of a plenary session of the peace conference and then go before the Versailles con gress, where enemy powers will be represented. Indications are that a combination of both documents will be written into a preliminary peace traty within the coming two weeks. The Germans then will be called in and the present peace "conference" will be merged into the peace "con gress." The council of four is understood Iq have fixed for the peace congress tentative dates between April 26 and May 5, but no announcement has been made as to details, so Premier Lloyd George may have something to dis close when he addresses the British parliament next Wednesday. The summoning of the ship George Washington by President Wilson led to belief that his departure was im minent, but intimate friends say the ses He of j , )rogress which lias been realized will permit Mr. Wilson to remain and par -1 ticipate in the congress at Versailles when German plenipotentiaries take p art j t j s not intended to permit a long | discussion by the enemy, but to con ' n t -j ne the exchange of ideas to a brief p er i 0 ,i, probably 10 days or two if weeks, and then reach a final conclu a ion. a Germans Summoned. Paris.—A statement by President Wilson in behalf of the council of four says that the questions of peace are so near complete solution that they will be quickly and finally drafted. This announcement was contained in an official bulletin, which added that the German plenipotentiaries had been invited to meet at Versailles on April 25. VICTORY LIBERTY LOAN TRAIN. Exhibition of War Trophies to Travel Northwestern States. Tlie Victory Liberty Loan trophy train, touring Idaho and Washington in the interests of the great loan drive, will consist) of three flat cars and a blind baggage, making four exhibition to if | Ace, Lieutenant Coles, who w as shot of af- j October was convicted of violating the espionage act and sent to tlie Leavenworth penitentiary, was signed I here Saturday. cars. The train will make stops at the principal towns along the transconti nental railroad lines and will display some of tlie most interesting trophies of the European war. The special train is being sent out under the direction of the Idaho and Washington state committees and the tentative itinerary indicates that every section of the two states, served by railroads, w ill be vis ited. In tlie baggage car will be shown the smaller war trophies and on the flat cars w ill tie exhibited the larger pieces including whippet tanks and German airplanes and trophies that have been taken by tlie 91st division. Under present plans the train will enter tlie state of Washington about April 24, working westward to the Sound and then up and down tell coast and hack to Spokane over the Great Northern. Idaho will be covered first, the train crossing the Panhandle be fore entering Washington. An airplane will accompany tlie ex to bibit with two aviutors, an American down on the battlefront and seriously wounded, and Lieutenant Archibald, who was likewise shot down and land ed within tlie German lines, where he was held a prisoner for some time. It is planned that this plane, which is an army plane, a Curtis, will give flights at each town where the trophy train -tops. The train will carry a personnel of approximately thirty men. all of whom have been in the service of Uncle Sam and arc veterans of the Great World War. In the party will be several speakers who will lecture and explain tlie various exhibits. Haywood Furnishes Bond. Chicago.- Bond to the amount of $15,000 for the release of William I). llaywood, I. W. W. leader, who last i French Brides Arrive. New York.—Forty-seven brides of American soldiers and sailors landed Tuesday from the transport Blatts j burg, which arrived from Brest. t IMPORTANT NEWS OF BOTH HEMI-j ' SPHERES BOILED DOWN TO LAST ANALYSIS. ARRANGED FOR QUICK READIN6 "England must grant India home 1 rule or India will free herself from ! her oppressors," said Dr. N. S. Hard Brief Notes Covering Happenings in This Country and Abroad That Are of Legitimate Interest to All the People. France will soon open its gates to American manufacturers. After nearly four months on the Rhine, the entire 42nd division is back in France again. Admiral William B. Caperton, in command of the Pacific fleet since May, 1917, will be relieved from that duty on April 30. The Berlin 7-welf Uhr Blatt reports that 157 persons had been killed, dnd wounded in the fighting between | troops and strikers at Dusseldorf. - iker, secretary of the India Home Rule league at Chicago. The soviet republic in Munich was overthrown Friday by force of arms. | movement antl-bolshevik among the peasants and middle clas ses in Bavaria is spreading. The Former King Ltidwig of Bavaria crossed the Swiss frontier recently. He has taken up residence in the home for aged Catholic priests at zizers in the canton of Grisons. Marshal Foch in answering a Ger man protest, has declared that his decision is final regarding the occu pation of Grieshlem, five miles west of Darmstadt, the capital of Meuse- 1 Darmstadt. I I I I ! I As a result of the strike of bank employes in Berlin the German government April 12 was unable to | ''emit. 355,000.000 marks, represent-1 ' n » P art °F * }le payment due the al lietl powers on food • shipments. | The German government has an nounced the entente powers have in formed it that Bavaria is not to be j included in the conclusion of peace f and that measures will be taken to prevent any entente foodstuffs from reaching Bavaria. - Pleasanton, Cal.—Mrs. Phoebe Ap person Hearst, widow of the late Geo. Hearst of California, and mother of William Randolph Hearst, the pub Usher, at her home here Sunday aft er an illness of several weeks. She was 76 years old. Delpine, Mont.—William I. Law rence, one of New York's oldest resi dents and a sôn of William Bach Lawrence, a former governor of Rhode Island. Mr. Lawrence was 91 years old. and was born at the Amer ican embassy in London while his fa ther was charge d'afi'airs at the court of St. James. He was a des cendant of Major Thomas Lawrence, tlie colonial founder of Newton, now a part of New York city. NOTED PERSONS DIE a MANY YANKS IN FRONT LINE. Americans Held 83.4 Miles of Trenches When Armistice Signed. Washington. 1). ('.—The American army in France on the day the armis tice was signed held 83.4 miles of bat tle front, or 21 per cent of the entire line. General March gave the divi sions of the front that day between the allies as follows: French, 55 per cent; United States, 21 per cent; British, 18 per cent; Bel gians, 6 per cent. October 10 tlie Americans held 23 per cent of the line. Berlin.— The Berlin police force lias become so ineffective and so power less to check street gambling, plan-: dering and daylight robberies aggre i gating millions of marks that the municipal assembly has unanimously j adopted a resolution to turn over the police to Prussia, providing the state | is willing to assume charge. Employment Offices Reopened. Washington, D. C.—Aided by large contributions from, states, cities and individuals, the federal employment service lias found it possible to re open all of its field offices, which were closed when congress failed to provide funds for the continuation of the service, and to resume on a large scale its plans for finding work for returning soldiers, sailors and war workers. It of Berlin Police Hopeless. ' I Cleveland, Ohio. The United States supreme court mandate, ordering that Eugene V. Debs, socialist leader, be taken to Moundsville, W. Va., ferlerai prison to begin a 10-year sentence for violation of tlie espionage act was re ceived Saturday. of I). Debs to Jail. of it takes years to acquire wisdom and one minute to become a fool.— Eugene Petzel. . Recent Happenings in This State Given in Brief Items for Busy Readers. ■ B. O. Gullup, a pioneer of Moscow, I who amassed a small fortune as pro ' prietor of a restaurant for many years, died recently. Richard B. Ott, Alvin Denham and Clarence Taylor of the Idaho univer bar as a result of recent examina tions. Lawrence Worstell of Wallace, ap pointed as a member of the industrial accident board, took up his new duties Monday. A. J. Priest, former Univer sity of Idaho student, has been appoint ed chief deputy under J. K. White, commissioner of public welfare. Fruit growers of Lewiston district were apprehensive April 11 when the temperature fell below the freezing point. Reports from Lewiston or chards indicate that, although there was a frost, it was not sufficiently heavy to injure the fruit buds seri ously. Lewiston shippers were advised recently by the Idaho utilities com mission that the federal freight and traffic committee at Portland, Ore., would grant a hearing to Idaho ship pers at Portland Thursday,- April 17, 1 on their claim for reduced distribut ! tng rates. The Idaho commission ap proves the reduction sought. in of a to the is in | - Payne Sly is held at Lewiston to the federal court for trial under bond of $5000, charged with violation of | the Mann act through transporting Saratoga, Mrs. Lydia Pace from Wyo., to Clarkston. His defense is that Mrs. Pace is employed as his housekeeper. Sly's arrest was made by federal agents upon information provided when Sly left Wyoming in October last. the at his 1 I Two highway district bond elec tions are called for Latah county for I Thursday, April 24, to vote on a to I tal of $535,000 in bonds to build I highways. These are districts Nos. 1 and 2, known as the Thorn Creek ! and Moscow highway districts. Thorn I Creek will vote on an issue of $160, of 000 bonds and Moscow district will vote on a proposition to issue $375, to 000 in bonds. al | Noted Speakers at Normal. Several noted speakers have been scheduled to visit the state normal an- school, in- Dr. H. H. Powers, noted traveler, be j author and lecturer, will give two f lectures on May 5 on subjects con to nected with the problems of the peace conference. On May 8 Professor F. F. Nalder of the University of California will talk on "America's Heritage From the World Conflict." During the summer session of the school, beginning June 10, Dr. Wil Ap- liani C. Bagley. noted educator and Geo. author of Columbia university, is of to give a series of lectures before pub- the student assemblies. aft She Law resi of 91 fa the des now Hospital Commissary Formed. The commission appointed to locate two tuberculosis hospitals in this state met at the state house Monday and organized. Mrs. J. O. Athey of Boise, credited with securing passage of the act by the last legislature, was made president of the commission; Dr. Wen del of Sandpoint, first vice chairman: Professor Atkinson of the Idaho Tech nical institute at l'ocatello, second vice president; J. K. White, commissioner of public welfare, secretary. Bandpoint« New Meadows, llailey, Soda Springs, . Kuna, Lewiston, Wal lace and other places are asking for the hospitals. One of them is to he. placed in northern Idaho and another in southern Idaho. The commission will visit.these sites in person. The state hoard of equali zation will levy the tax authorized by the legislature during the next two years by which $175,000 will be raised to build the hospitals. l)r. Atkinson was authorized to have charge of the vocational education when the hospitals are built and Dr. Wendle was named to take charge of the general plans and to arrange for thearchiteets. bat divi Bel 23 "Pep"—It's the thing which makes the lambs gambol with glee, the colts prance with joy, the calves throw up their tails and run like fury, the birds sing in split-throat notes, the frogs croak upon the creek bank, the in sects buzz and hum in the air, the milkman whistle as he jogs along, the blacksmith laughingly beat the Iron into shape, the ployman urge his horses with a "gee up there," the en gineer wave a kiss to his sweetheart as he throws upon the throttle, the woodman smilingly plunge his axe Into the giant tree, the banker and lias merchant rush to their work with a cherry "bye-bye", the mechanic and plan-: laborer fairly dance to their jobs, tho i soldier the clinched jaws and courage that knows j no fear, the life salesman hie to his the calls with shoulders squared, pride state | in his heart and nerves a tingle with large and re to of large for war "go over the top'' with ' anticipation of new success. Oh, ''pep" is any thing that puts happi I ness in the heart, energy in the body, determination in the soul, and visible that courage In the will.—Insurance World. be for re A production of 314,936 tractors in the United States in 1919 is estimated by manufacturers reporting to tho of fice of farm equipment control, United States department of agriculture. The reports obtained in a special inquiry by the department show a production of 132,697 tractors in 1918. . ■ I SENT BY U. S. IN MARCH TO OUR HERB HOOVER REPORTS EUROPE—IT COST NINETY FIVE MILLION DOLLARS. is Consisted mostly of Cereals, Rice, Peas, Beans, Meats, Condensed Milk and Clothing—Famine Sections Relieved. Paris.—Herbert Hoover, director general of relief, has issued a review of the measures carried out by the United States, Great Britain, France and Italy during March. The total value of supplies distributed was ap proximately 095,000,000, of which all but about $2,500,000 was furnished on a basis of deferred payment. The supplies amounted to 388,041 tons, divided as follows: Cereals, 316,243; rice, 12,642; peas and beans, 8053; fats and meat, 34, 176; condensed milk, 4122; colthing, 4483; miscellaneous, 8322. Poland received 51,745 tons of sup plies. Under the terms of the armistice arrangements for shipment through Danzig, says Mr. Hoover, have pro ceeded with great smoothness, as hihg as 4500 tons a day by rail from Danzig to Warsaw having been trans ported. All sections threatened with critical famine conditions have re ceived relief. Finland during March received 26, 344 Ions of supplies. Preliminary measures for the es tablishment of regular supplies to the coastal areas in the Baltic states, says the review, have been undertaken. Czecho-Slovakia Gets Breadstuffs. Czecho-Slovakla has received 29, 911 metric tons, including 26,280 tons of breadstuffs. Herman Austria—The total deliv eries from allied sources during March were 38,156 metric tons. Sup plies amounting' to about 10,000 tons were also made under replacement arrangement from neighboring coun tries. The situation at Vienna, says Mr. Hoover, is extremely bad. Greater Serbia—The relief of the entire area of Jugo-Slavia, Montene gro and Serbia, is conducted as a sin gle unit. The total distribution in this territory amounted to 33,920 metric tons. Rumania—Total rediveries were 26, 967 metric tons of breadstuffs. Turkey Is Given Aid. Turkey—During March 2298 tons were distributed in Constantinople. Armenia-—The relief administration supplied to Armenia 5251 tons of breadstuffs and condensed milk. In addition three shiploads of food, clothing and medical supplies have been delivered. Belgium—Supplies to the amount of 145,604 tons were delivered in March. Tltis included 113,173 tons of bread stuffs. Northern France—The progressive resumption of the revictualing of the occupied regions by the French food ministry, says Mr. Hoover, has pro ceeded so lUr as to render it possible gradually to withdraw measures that have been continuous for over four and a half years and such withdrawal should be complete by May 1. During March a total of 69U6 tons of food stuffs and clothing were sent into devastated areas. Supplies More to Germany. Germany—Financial, tonnage and food arrangements were« completed at Brussels on March 14, the first Ger man ships arriving at allied ports about March 22, and on March 25 foodstuffs wear actually .delivered in side German territory, consisting of 6767 tons of breadstuffs and 740 tons of fats. The available supplies from headquarters should permit the im port of approximately 200,000 metric tons during April. Other relief measures have been inaugurated relating to Bulgaria, Russian prisoners in Germany, refu gees from south Russia and in other directions. a GEN. ZAPATA VICTIM OF FEDERAL RUSE Mexican Rebel Leader Fell Into the Trap Set by the Forces of the Government. Mexico City.—General Emiliano Za pata. the rebel leader of southern Mex ico, news of whose death reached this city Saturday, was killed April 10 din ing an engagement between his troops and government soldiers who had by a ruse entered his camp at Hacienda Chinemeca, near tlie village of Petlai cingo, Morelos. All England Hollers. London.— lb-ess and commons both are discontented and angry with tlie delay in making peace and with the rumored terms of the treaty and the league of nations. British Occupy Trebizond. London.—British forces liav pled Hreblzond, Asiatic Turkey. e occu 3T IS NO PROVISION TO ENFORCE DRY LAW Merely Up to the Federal District At torneys, Says Commissioner of Internal Revenue. Washington. -En forcement of war time prohibition, which becomes ef fective July 1 is not lodged with the internal revenue bureau or with any other government agency, but is merely left to the United States attorneys, Revenue Daniel C. Roper declared Monday aftei*' analysis of all statutes and ulations. Commissioner reg Intimation that because of the parent difficulty of enforcement the president or congress might be cal led on to postpone the law's opera tion was given by Mr. Roper in statement, this ap a In connection it became known Monday that a number of ad ministration officials and advisers of the president had recently urged him to prevent prohibition from go ing into effect July 1 by proclaiming the completion of demobilization by that time. This view is understood to be held by Commissioner Roper, who is represented as believing pro hibition can not be enforced ade quately without specific legislation establishing an enforcement agency. all on as re 26, es the 29, the sin this 26, of In of the pro that four into and at Ger 25 in of tons im BIG MASSACRE OF KOREANS CHARGED Native Chriatian Pastor Declares 1000 Unarmed Persons Were Killed in Three Hours. San Francisco.—Japanese began what was described as a "massacre" in Korea at Seoul, the capital, during a demonstration March 28, according to a cablegram received here Monday by the Korean National association from a native Christian pastor. The cablegram was filed from Shang hai. According to officials of the Ko rean National association here, the in formation was sent by messenger from Seoul to Shanghai by the association's representative at Seoul. LOSSES ARE $5,000,000,000. Reparation to Be Asked of Germany by British Dominions. Melbourne, Australia.—Reports ca bled here of the proceedings of the reparation cortimission of the peace conference place the losses of the ' British dominions and colonies for which payment shall be asked from Germany at $5,000,900,000. Australia's total casualties during the war, with the figures brought up to February 8 of the current year, totaled 307,900. ✓ MEDAL FOR ALL SOLDIER8 Will Commemorate Part in War For World Freedom. Washington. — After prolonged conferences with all the allied governments, General March an nounces a design has been ap proved for issuance to every sol dier who parcipitated in the great war on the allied side of a "vic tory medal" in commemoration of his service to civilization. The obverse side of the medal will bear a winged victory, and on the reverse will be in the lan guage of Yhe country by which it Is issued, the words "the great war for civilization," arms of the allies. A campaign ribbon also has been adopted to consist of a "double rainbow" series with red in the center. This ribbon will be similar for all armies and is to be issued in the United States very soon. A lapel button for civilian wear also has been adopted. and the WASHINGTON. Fred K. Baldwin of Spokane has been appointed by Acting Governor Hart to stlcceed the late W. II. Coch ran on the state board of control. Charles E. Maynard of Colton lias received the croix de guerre which was awarded by the French govern ment to his son, the late First Lieu tenant Boyd Maynard, former state college student, who lost his life while leading his company of ma rines. Vaults in the old other unusual courthouse and storage places were pressed into service to store as legal evidence over 3150 quarts of bonded whisky, said to Be worth about $56,700 at alleged bootleggers' prices, at Se attle Monday, seized in the race the ft shed near track by Sheriff Stringer. An arrangement has been made to appropriate $25,000 for tlie improve ment ot the road from Chelan down to the Columbia river at Chelan falls. A similar sum will be spent out of federal aid funds so that there will lie $.,0.00(1 available DiIm year for per manent improvements on this This is a part of state Za this din a road, loud No. 10, primary highway by action ol tlie last legislature. made a Delegates from the Sea'ttle chamber of commerce will leave for east of tlie mountains this week to take up plans for a fete on May 3 at tlie summit of bnoqualinle pass, in celebration of the earliest opening in history of tho Sun set highway*, it tlie the the w as utinounced Monday. I lie pass is expected to be opened to traffic May I. Hast and West Side planned for the May 3 A great gathering of motorists is event.