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lAdviccQ I SACKING OF FRUIT ORCHARDS The Cheesecloth Coverings Recommended as Protection Against "Seven teen-Year Locust." Ttie sacking of the orchards will begin in many sections of the United States about the third week in May —not ns tlie Hans did It. in the fruit lands of France, but a protective stick ing, literally, with cheesecloth, against another ruthless horde, to wit, the "seventeen-year locust." This pest will occur over 21 slates, coming out perhaps the last week in May. Injury Inflicted by It consists In split ting the tender branches of trees for depositing eggs. The greatest dam age Is to very young fruit trees. Ex pert advice has usually been to defer the planting of young fruit trees until another season; but the United States department of agriculture realizes that to defer planting, particularly where trees have been bought and the ground prepared, would entail a con tv a • t of c a, adult; b, same, side view; c, shed m pupal skin. aldcrable loss. Therefore the advice offered is, defer planting until 1920 If i feasible. Otherwise put out the trees and protect them with cheesecloth cov erings. Such protection can he made practically absolute. The coverings need not he put on until the Insects have emerged from the ground, when It can be determined whether or not they are sufficiently numerous to make covering of the trees necessary. Once put on, the coverings should be al lowed to remain until the Insects are gone. The protection can be made pructically absolute. The cheesecloth should be gathered and tied In below the brandies and extend upward to cover practically all the foliage, being gathered In and tied at the top In such manner as to leave a small clus ter of leaves free. This method can be applied, if necessary, to trees of last year's planting. In areas likely to he heavily infested pruning should be postponed until the Insects have disappeared, when pains should be taken to remove Injured wood and to reshape the tree where necessary. ARSENATE OF LEAD HARMFUL Bprays Should Be Applied With Cau tion, aa Foliage of 8tone Frulta la Tender. (Prepared by the United State« Depart ment of Agriculture.) The foliage of stone fruits, as rherry, plum and peach, is on the whole quite tender, and the arsenical •prays should be employed with cau tion. Arsenute of lead is least likely [o do harm, though more than two applications especially to peach, may cause shotholing and dropping of leaves, and burning of fruit. a SETTING OUT BERRY PLANTS Thoae Which Grew the Preceding Year Are Generally Used Except In Autumn 8eaton. (Prepared by the United States Depart ment of Agriculture.) In setting out raspberries, blackber ries, dewberries, and strawberries, young plants which grew the preced ing season are generally used, except when they are planted in the autumn. In that case plants of the current sea son's growth are used. CURCULI0S MAY BE REDUCED Insect« May Be Removed by Jarring Tree« In Spring and Collecting From Sheet«. (Prepared by tbe United states Depart ment of Agriculture.) Certain Insects, notably the plum ■nd quince curculios, may be much re duced in number by regularly Jarring the trees in the early spring, collect ing the insects ns they fall on sheets or speclu! cloth-covered frames. SPRAYING OFTEN NEGLECTED Of All Orchard Work, It Is Most Likely 8llghted—Fruit Grower Should Study Subject. (Prepared by the United States Depart ment of Agriculture.) Of ail orchard work, spraying Is most likely to be slighted or negleet It Is important, therefore, that every fruit grower make a study of the whys and wherefores of spruylug and have on intimate knowledge of ■praying materials and machinery. ed _ BOY ' j SCOUTS SCOUTS IN INDIA GROWING A letter from the director of the hoy scouts of Mysore In India to na tionni headquarters of the Boy Scouts of America says in part as follows: "Our strength has Increased to about forty troops with a membership of over nine hundred. I have had fine scoutmaster's training classes at My sore City and at Bangalore, with a model troop of scouts for demonstra tion purposes. "Scout work for Indian hoys Is de veloping rapidly all over the country. In Calcutta we have the Roy Scouts of Bengal, which Is doing good work both under Indian and European lead ership. The great native state of Ba roda and the British Central provinces want to start boy scout work, and tbe government of the native state of Trnrnncore Is now considering tbe in troduction of scouting among its boys on the plan of our Mysore organiza tion. as at "We have, however, a long way to go, as there are over thirty million hoys of scout age in India and we have difficulties here that are unheard of in America—for instance, at least a hundred languages, religious divisions and the ever-pres ent caste question inendous challenges to the spirit of the fourth scout law." very deep-seated nil of them tre SCOUTS SAVE DROWNING BOY. Ernest II. Collins, .Tr., of Denver, 7 escaped drowning in City years old, Park lake due to the presence of mind of two Denver boy scouts who effected his rescue after two gardeners at the park had failed to drag the boy from the cold water. The quick work which tho two scouts. Robert Pious, 16, and Leroy Hoyt, 17, displayed In the rescue Is a If i single example of tlie value of the boy ly try the has scout training. The Collins hoy had been skating and went upon too thin ice. Pleus and Hoyt happened to be passing In a motor car. Seeing tlie Collins hoy's predicament, the scouts rushed to his aid. They cut their slice strings, and making a rope of their coats, they made a life line for the hoy. He took hold of it and was pulled to safety. The boys then wrapped him In a blanket. to In of be to BOY SCOUTS AFTER THE DIRT. Topeka boy scouts are to become Junior health officers of the city, in co operation with the city health depart ment. The following pledge will be signed by all scouts who become members of the Topeka health service: "In assuming tlie duties In the To peka health service, I agree to hold myself responsible for the distribution of all notices and literature In my dis trict requested by the commissioner of health. "I further agree to gntlier any in formation that may be desired and to report on the health and sanitary sit uation In my district when asked to do so. "I agree to assist the Topeka health department in every way I can, with the understanding that I will not be called upon to perform any duty that will Interfere with my school work or endanger my health." as of MANCHURIA'S SCOUT GREETINGS. The second detachment of the Boy Scouts of Manchuria, located at Har bin, has sent this letter to national headquarters In tills country: "Dear Brothers: tachment of the Boy Scouts of Man churia sends to you from far Russia warm greetings and cordial congratula tion at the birthday of the great teacher of truth, peace and good will towards men. a triumph of Justice nnd happiness for all the unfortunates of the world. "Do not allow your fatherland to hnve any more tears in its light eyes. Let the standard of the white rider rise higher in the world." This is signed by Commander of De tachment Kossiakoff. The second de Let the new year be SCOUTS TO PLANT WALNUTS. Letters supporting Chief Scout Ex ecutive James E. West's decision that boy scouts should help the government this spring by planting black walnut trees have come to national headquar ters from George D. Pratt, New Y'ork state conservation commissioner, and from Dr. William T. Hornaday, direc tor of tlie New York Zoological so ciety. re BOY SCOUT DOINGS. The New Orleans Bed Cross has been working on tlie reclamation of soldiers' garments. Boy scouts assist ed by adjusting tlie buttons on the military blouses. Among "good turns" reported by a Freeland (Pa.) troop of boy scouts are: Assisted tbe doctors and nurses In the Spanish Influenza epidemic: donated ten baskets of provisions to tbe wid ows and orphans; assisted in picking 11 bushels of berries for I. O. O. F. orphanage at Suubury, Pa. Is of of ^ DAIRY P < V f] ./ 'X I. - m NEW QUEEN AT BELTSVILLE Calamity Wayne Pauline II Completes Year Test, Producing Eleven Ton* of Milk. by the United States Depart ment of Agriculture.) (Prepared A new queen reigns In the herd of Holsteins oji the government experi ment farm at Beltsvllle, Md. She Is as unassuming and peace loving as any of her subjects, although she bears the name Calamity Wayne Pauline II, and has just completed n test In which she produced In a year more thnn 11 tons of milk. In 365 days she pro duced 22,547.8 pounds of milk which nveraged 3.805 per cent butter fat, the total fat being 855.4 pounds. Tills animal was selected by dairy specialists elf the United States de partment of agriculture from a Michi gan herd in July, 1917. brought to the Beltsvllle farm, where she produced a heifer calf, and was started on her test December 7, 1917, at the nge of eight years. The test was run through the coldest winter that section had experienced In 40 She was m IX ■T : X * f * ■ > 3 * p. - r* SB i Calamity Wayne Pauline II. years, and a summer that was extreme ly hot. Tlie test for advanced regis try was conducted under the rules of the Holsteln-Frieslan association. During the year the nnlmnl was handled by two different herdsmen. A son of Calamity Wayne Pauline II has been placed at one of the govern ment substations, and one of her half sisters is making a fine record at the Michigan Agricultural college. Calam ity's 305-day record was 19,256.6 pounds of milk, averaging 3.7 per cent butter fat, making a total of 718.13 pounds of fat. All the dairy cattle on the Beltsvllle farm are used for experimental pur poses, and will be given at least two advanced registry tests to determine their capacity for production. SUPERVISE PURITY OF MILK List of Equipment Necessary to Fur nish Laboratory Is Sent Out by Dairy Division, (Prepared by the United States Depart ment of Agriculture.) A letter has been sent by the dairy division of the United States depart ment of agriculture to 1,500 health of ficers in cities having over 5,000 popu lation urging the city governments to supply the health officers with proper laboratory equipment so they can ade quately guard the city milk supply. A health department without a labora tory equipment is as helpless as a sol dier without arras, says the letter. A city government has no right to hold its health department responsible for the health of the community unless it has provided the department with the equipment necessary to wage the fight against disease. The work of supervising the safety, cleanliness apd purity of its city milk supply is one of the most Important duties of the modern health depart ment. Baetefin, dirt, added wuter and preservatives in milk cannot be deter mined without chemical and bacterio logical apparatus. The letter gives a list of the eqtilproent necessary to fur nish a laboratory for milk analysis. DAIRY COW MOST PROFITABLE Animal Never Fail* to Return Profit for Feed and Care—Keep Hek* Comfortable. The dairy cfow is the most profitable animnl on thö farm if rightly managed, as, under ordinary conditions, she never fails t® return a profit for her care and feed, if she Is given the right kind of food and Just the right quan tity. If she is underfed, her product will be correspondingly she is overfed, she will be unhealthy. Feed the cow Just right, keep her quiet and conifortuble, nnd she will he equal in value to the goose thut laid golden eggs. small, and If COOKING GRAINS FOR COWS Act Does Not Ordinarily Add Much to Palatability—May Decrease Digestibility. While some unpalatable feeds may he consumed by dairy cows in larger quantities if they are cooked, the cook ing dues not ordinarily udd much to the pulutublllty of the grains und muy even decreuse their digestibility. SAYS HE IS NOT A CANDIDATE FOR PRESIDENCY OF THE UNITED STATES. FAVORS LEA6UE OF NATIONS Says Our Task in Europe Is Greater Now Than Before the Armistice— Experiences While "Over There." Tells of York.—Herbert Hoover, for New mer director general of allied relief, came home Saturday after five years' service abroad during which he dis tributed more than 600 steamship car 3,219,068 tons of foodstuffs goes, or valued at $770,795,000 to starving Eu rope. "1 hope never to go back to Eu rope again," he declared in a state ment soon after he landed. August, 1914, I have devoted my en tire time and energy to war work and with tlie exception of nine months I have spent the entire five years away from my family. I have no plans other than to go home. I am not a partizan and am not in politics in any form. I am positively not a candi date." The last statement was elicited by a questsion as to whether he ap proved mention of his name as a presidential possibility. Crowning Achievement. "The turning point'' in tlie relief of Europe, Mr. Hoover said, when asked as to what lie considered the crown ing achievement of liis work abroad, "came when he was appointed man datory of tho railroads and was able to ship food where it was most need ed.'" Up to that time, he said, the situation looked hopeless. The task of America in Europe now is greater than before the armistice, he declared, adding that it was chief ly economic and had to do witli the restoration of trade and commerce. 'If we are going to market our nor mal exports next year," he explained, "we shall have to extend ample cred its. Practically all Europe lives on its imports. Bulgaria, Serbia, Czecho slovakia and Hungary, among other countries, will be able to produce enough for their own needs, hut Po land, Finland, all the neutrals and all the bigger states like France, Eng land and Germany must buy abroad. The food situation is entirely a mat ter of credits the governments of Eu rope today are in a position to trans port and distribute American foods if they are enabled to purchase them on long time payments." Favors $2.26 Wheat. Mr. Hoover declared he favored the league of nations idea and that there could be no stability abroad until "peace is actually established." He said the crest had been reached in Digit prices for food, the government price bushel for wheat as a world price level. One great need of Europe and Asia Minor at present, he said, was milk for the 4,009,000 emaciated and under nourished children. Herds of animals had been depleted by the war and no one could tell how long it would take to restore them. Since He approved of $2.26 a Bolshevism Over. In referring to bolshevism the for food administrator declared that "It is gaining mer its menace was over, ground nowhere," he said, "not even in Russia." Mr. Hoover went to California this week and after a brief stay there will return to New York to prepare his report to congress on the expenditure of the $100,000,000 appropriated for relief in Europe, that the $90,000,000 of this amount either had been or would he returned by the European beneficiaries. Mr. Hoover said WASHINGTON PIONEERS DIE. Yakima.—W. A. Cox, pioneer resi dent here Saturday, after a long ill ness. Walla Walla.—F. A. (Andy) Beard, well-known pioneer, Sunday, of paral ysis after several months illness. Spokane.—William H. Hagen, man ager of the Spokane office of the Ha zelwood company for the last 14 years. Gives Life for Children. Oakland, Cal—After dragging two small boys to safety when they were surrounded by a grass fire in the school yard, C. H. Greenman, 55, prin cipal of the Lockwood school here, was suffocated to death Tuesday. Green man was a pioneer California educa tor and the organizer of tho first school band In the west. Daughter Visits Former Kaiser. Ameronge.—The former crown prin cess of Germany, with her two sons, arrived here Saturday and was receiv ed by the former emperor gnd em press. Steel Strike. Ordered. Chicago.—An order directing steel wrkers In the Chicago district to sus pend work at 6 a. m., September 22, issued Wednesday. was TWO MEN DIE IN AUTO ACCIDENT; 3 INJURED Member of President Wilson's Party and Portland Citizen Killed in Uuset on Columbia Highway. An automobile con Portland, Ore. mining members of tlie party accom panying President Wilson on a scenic trip over the Columbia highway near here shortly after noon Monday over turned, killing two men and injuring three. serious nature to occur during the president's tour of the country in be half of the league of nations. The dead. Ben K. Allen, member of the presi dential party and Washington corre spondent for the Cleveland, Ohio Plain Dealer. James R. Patterson, Portland, own er and driver of the automobile. Allen and Patterson were killed out right when the heavy automobile be ing turned aside to escape another au tomobile in its path, overturned, pin ning them underneath. The oar right ed itself after turning over. It was tite first accident of OIL TANKS IN RAGING FIRE. Fifty People Hurt, Damage Estimated at Five to Ten Millions, Near New York City. New York.—With more than 50 pet* sons injured and with damage done estimated at from $5,000,000 to $10, 000,000, weary firemen Sunday night still were fighting a threat of further explosions of oil tanks at the fire which partially wiped out the Stone & Fleming Oil company's plant in Long Island City. Five tanks of crude oil were burn ing Sunday. The firemen were work ing in short shifts. So exhausted had they become that when relieved for rest they lay in the streets and went fast asleep. The 20 acres of fire-swept territory looked like a scene in war devastated France or Belgium. Tanks were crum pled up; steel girders lay in a tan gled mass; few walls were left stand ing, and burning oil continued to flow along the surface of Newton creek. It is thought the fire will continue for three or four days. NOW MEXICAN BANDITS' KIDNAP MORE YANKEES Two American Mining Men Taken From Train Ten Miles From City of Chihuahua. Chihuahua City.— Dr. J. M. Smith and E. Monson, supposed to be Amer ican mining men, were captured by a band of 10 armed Mexicans nine miles They were from this city Sept. 13. taken from a mining company train, which was robbed of the payroll of the Buena Tierra mines. It is believed that Dr. Smith will be held for ransom and that Monson will he liberated. The men were taken from the early morning train that carries mining men of the Santa Eulalia district from this city to their work. Col. Sebastian Allende dispatched four troops of Mexican federal cavalry in pursuit of the rob bers. a Pays Ransom to Bandits. El Faso, Tex.—Six thousand dol lars, gold, was paid Mexicans later for the release of Dr. J. W. Smith, an American, and E. Monson, believed to be a subject of Sweden. SHORTHORN COW BRINGS $4500. Oregon Man Buys Former Champion of California. Medford, Ore.—All western states cattle auction records are believed to have been broken here at Shorthorn auction sales held under the auspices of the Jackson County Live Stock as sociation, when I^aurel Frantic 33rd, a seven-year-old cow, twice champion of California, owned by the Gibson es tate of Woodland, Cal., was purchased by E. E. Beeson of Talent, Ore., for $4500. The auction sales were preceded by a barbecue and picnic, which was at tended by several thousand Jackson county live stock breeders and farm ers. Japan May Not Ratify. New York.—Japan will refuse to ratify the peace theaty if the Shan tung clause is excluded, in the opin ion of Baron Shimpei Goto, member of the Japanese national commission for the discussion of foreign policies and former foreign minister. 30,000 Serbian Children Die. Washington, D. C.—Of the 35,000 Serbian children sent with tho Serbian army in the 1915 retreat only 5000 sur vived, according to figures verified by American Red Cross workers. Most of these returned to their homes to find themselves orphans. Frank Close Buried Alive. Tacoma.—Frank Close, age 45, was buried alive in a gravel slide In a sand pit and perished. Several tons of gravel burled the man. Rescuers aban doned hope of finding him alive. Many at Gompers Funeral. New York.—Men and women front all walks of life attendod tho funeral Sunday of Solomon Gompers, father of Samuel Gompers, president of tlie American Föderation of Labor. 22, GREAT THRONGS GREETED THE PRESIDENTIAL PARTY LAST SATURDAY. FEATURED BY PUBLI6 DINNER Made Address to More Than 6300 People—Was Frequently Applaud ed—Greater Part Was Repe tition of Former Speeches. Seattle. -Seattle downtown section was crowded to its capacity when President Wilson's train arrived from Tacoma Saturday afternoon, and all along the line of a two-mile automo bile ride through the city there was a roar of cheering. The police had strung ropes to keep the spectators on the sidewalks, but the crowds broke through and shrieking mobs followed the president's car every where. Not all of those who wanted to see him could find a place in the streets through which lie passed and side streets which afforded even a scanty view of the presidential party were jammed for a block away. Amid the din groups of women stationed here and there sang patriotic songs and Mr. Wilson's car passed along through a storm of confetti released from the tops of office buildings. At a public dinner which he at tended before going to the arena Mr. Wilson said lie had been impressed by the uniformity of opinion among tlie people from ocean to ocean. At tlie arena, which seats 6300, there were a few empty seats when the president began speaking, hut many were standing. When Mr. Wil son entered tlie crow d rose and cheer ed for more than a minute and when he was introduced by Mayor Fitzger ald there was a longer demonstra tion. On the stage were Secretary Dan iels of the navy and Admiral Rodman, commander of the Pacific lleet. "We Want Wilson." Applause repeatedly interrupted the speech, while outside the hall a crowd against which the police had closed the doors, kept up such a roar of cheering that his words were sometimes drowned out. Pounding on Ute walls and doors, the crowd, vainly trying to get in, at last set tled down to shouting in unison, "We want Wilson." The president digress ed to remark that the "applause i? welcome hut inopportune." The greater part of the president's address was a repetition of points he had covered in previous speeches dur ing his western tour. a BRUCE TO MANAGE DAVIS-DALY. Has Resigned Position With Butte A Superior Company. Butte, Mont.—James L. Bruce, gen eral manager of the Butte and Supe rior Mining company and one of the best known mine operators in the west and rated as one of the eminent ly practical mining men of the coun try, will assume the general manager ship of the Davis-Daly Copper com pany, according to an official an nouncement received recently from the board of directors in Boston. Mr. Bruce, it was reported, has re signed his post with the Butte and Superior, to take effect January 1, and up to that time will direct the man agement of the Butte & Superior in addition to his duties at the Davis Daly. to a of by BREVITIES. The government has so much "coin of the realm" that it actually bulges out the walls of the vaults contain ing it. The treasury has asked con gress to appropriate $1,500,000 to make the vaults secure and provide additional ones. Erection of a new main capitol building to accommodate both houses of the legislature, the governor, seo retary of Btate, treasurer and auditor, was decided upon by the state cap itol commission Wednesday. Expen diture of approximately $1,000,000 on the building is proposed under the first contract, leaving finishing work to be done later. to Lack of moisture In southeastern Nebraska in August caused a reduc tion of 2,428,000 bushels in the state's prospective 1919 corn crop, it was estimated September to in the Sep tember crop report. Production of 172,402,000 bushels was forecast com pared with last month's estimate of The average inclusive, was by to 174.830.000 bushels, yield for 1914-1918, 190.383.000 bushels. Dow & ForByth have succeeded Dow & Fraley, Bremerton grocer«. Arthur Halo has succeeded Mon tague Bros., Roosevelt genoral mer chants. The Veldekninp Bakery at Aber deen has erected a new and larger building. W. C. Whitfield nas succeeded Whitfield & Blxby, Burton general merchants. of tlie Out of the clutches of the "profi teers" and into the claws of tho pol iticians. it's a choice of the devil and the deep blue sea.