BOATING IN STREETS WHEN THE SEINE OVERFLOWS
sections of Paris ult sorts or boats
The Seine mis been muuig.ng in ns nnuuui oyerilow, aid m the outlying
have been pressed into service, us is shown In this photograph.
Ends Its Work
Morthwest Mounted Police Loses
Identity as Civilization
Lessens Its Need.
BQDY HAS STIRRING HISTORY
Ranged Far Into Arctic Wastes to Pun
ish Crime, Maintain Order and Ex
tend Relief—Won the Confi
dence of the Indian.
Ottawa.—That famous corps, the
Royal Northwest Mounted l'ollce, has
ceased to exist. It Is now merged
with the Canadian mounted police.
For half a century "the scarlet and
gold" of the riders of the plains had
been the symbol of law anJ order in
a territory as vast as the United States
west of the Mississippi. From Hud
son bay to'the Rockies, from the Inter
national uound-iry to and beyond tli3
uretic freie L.ey carried security to
the law-abiding and terror to the law
mountains nnd forest, through the Ice
bound reaches of the arctic coast they
made "the long patrol," protecting the
settler, succoring the weak and ad
ministering justice with a relentless
hand to white and red, to British and
On to. vast prairies, In
inarch of civilization has
brought into ti-*s vnst territory pros
perous settlers, where the Royal North
w«*st Mounted Pol.ce found the Indian
of the sun dunce and scalp knife, the
excituble Metis (the French half-breed
of the plains), and the outlaw who
sought this "no man's land" to escape
jusT'-e and continue in crime. The In
dian nnd Metis are now peaceful farm
ers, the ranch has been replaced by
the farm, and railways now cover the
country as thlc'; as the Indian trails
of the seventies. Only in the fnr north
Is any of the original work of the po
lice left. Here In the Great Barrens,
along .ae desolate shores of Hudson
hay and the Arctic ocean, through the
Rockies to Dawson will "the scarlet
and gold" do the long pntrol. The fa
mous corps has done its work an«l has
lost Its Identity In the new nntional
The uniform has been pre
served ; t.ie romance and esprit do
corps have gone.
Origin of the Corps.
For nearly two centuries the Hud
son Bay company had ruled that vast
territory between "udson bay aftd the
Rockies, when In 1870 the Dominion of
Canada acquired possession. The great
company had been u guardian to th<*
free Indians un ' kept in a fashion law
The hardy Scotch factors
had in many instances umrrjed into
the tribes and their influence wus pow
erful and firm.
Then came the change
It became "no man's lend"
with the great company without au
thority and tlio dominion government
w'ilhc.t any machinery to enforce Its
It was a dangerous period. The Unit
ed States government was seeking to
curb the fierce Sioux. They, In turn,
'"'re making overtures to the Cnnn
•llnn Indians to Join them. The whisky
ruinier was unchecked In his debauch
ery of the Indian. It wus lit this pu
rem! that the Koyul Northwest Mount
ed l'ollce «mine Into existence, And
"lace (hen have been the most poteut
Influence In preserving order In this
vast territory. Three companies were
nioblllzed at Winnipeg, or, as It wus
then known, "Fort Gurry." Three other
companies cutue through the United
Slates und Joined them, and In all 500
men restored nnd preserved order In
a territory as largo as Europe, without
rallwuy nnd peopled with nearly
100,000 Indians rent with tribal wars
anil embittered against the whites by
the depletion of the buffalo herds, the
almost sole source of their existence.
It was then thnt the famous "scarlet
and gold" uniform was adopted. To
the It dlnn the "red" coat symbolized
the power of "the (treat white mother,'
nnd Colonel Robertson-Ross, organizer
of the force, suggested this uniform ln
his report. ,
"During my Inspection In the north
west I ascertained thut some prejudice
existed among the Indians against the
color of the uniform worn by the men
of the Rifles, for many Indians said,
'Who are those soldiers at the Red
river wearing dark clothes! Our old
brothers who formerly lived there
(meaning H. M.'s Sixth regiment)
wore red coats,' adding 'We know that
the soldiers of our great mother wear
red coats and are our friends.' "
And in this way, to impress the In
dians of the plains, was adopted the
uniform that has given distinctive
identity to this famous corps.
From the Red river the new force
made Its first long patrol. Through
what was then known as the Great
American desert it struggled for 800
miles, establishing posts, and flnnlly
wintering at Fort McLeod, in the foot
hills of the Rockies. From there Its
activities spread, until now on Hud
son bay, Coronation gulf, the frozen
Arctic and the desolate Yukon nre
posts from which patrols keep watch.
By horse, canoe and dog train they
carry the authority of the law to the
Eskimo of the arctic, the whalers of
Herschell Island nnd the gold seeker
of the Rockies. In the last fifty years
they have brought the wild Indian Into
"treaty," have made the cattle rustler
or whisky runner only a name, and In
the Klondike rush that seething min
ing camp of Dawson was as snfe as
an eastern hamlet. During the regime
of the riders of the plains Canada's
western domain passed from a country
of tribal conflict through the rallwuy
stage, when our first great transcon
tinental was thrown across the prairie
without provoking strife with the orig
inal owners of the country, to the pe
riod of peaceful settlement and the up
building of modern cities, and In these
varied stuges the famous force adapt
ed Itself to the conditions without loss
In effectiveness or of the sincere re
gard of the complex population.
Won the Indian.
In dealing with the Indian tribes the
Roynl Northwest Mounted police did
Invaluable service. They won not only
the confidence of Indians in Canada,
but also of the fierce Sioux who sought
refuge In Canada after the Custer
rnnssnere. They made treaties and
When Ple-a-Pot, a warlike Cree
chief, came south with his band and
held up the construction of the Cana
dian Pacific, a sergeant and constable
of the police arrived, entered the hos
tile enmp,. arrested the old chief sur
rounded by his bravos, and landed him
In jail. He was a good Indlnn after
wards, keeping his treaty during the
halfbreed outbreak In 1885.
The most famous International case
was that of Sitting Bull, the noted
Sioux chief, who In 1870 had wiped out
(he command of the brilliant, Impetu
ous Custer. Chiefs White Eagle, Little
Knife, Black Moon, nnd finally the no
torious Silling Bull, cross«*«! the line.
Including their families nearly 4,000
florco Sioux w«*ro In Canadian terri
tory, nnd to s«*e that they did not use
Canada as a bnse against the United
States or Intlnmn our own Indians
there were In that nren only 200 police.
Inspector Walsh rode alone Into Sit
ting Bull's camp and rend the riot net
to lilm. Surrounded by Ills braves the
flereo Sioux tlir«*atene«l the Inspector,
who placed his revolver at the Chief's
head and told him plainly that If lht*re
was trouble there might be a new In
spector In the police but tli«*re cer
Would Close English
Churches Six Months
London.—Rev. W. E. H Mor
ris, vlonr of All .Saints' church,
Southport, thinks thnt "It might
not be a bad thing for Englnnd
If the church were to close down i
for six months."
"This country," he snl«l, "hns
been brought up In the lap of ec- t
clesliisllcnl luxury nnd Is Oos- •
pel-burdened. There nre few J
towns In this country thnt are
not overchurched. Religion Is
so easi.y to be obtained that we
do net appreciate It. It Is too
tainly wcpild be a new chief of the 1 .
Sloun. When, finally after years of V
constant watching, Walsh prevailed 0 n !
the Sioux to surrender to the United ! \
States authorities, Sitting Hull gave !
Walsh his war bonnet In recognition
of the "bravest man he had ever mot." 1
Even during the rebellion in 1885 the ■
great tribes remained true to the po- !
lice and only n few joined with the 1
Metis under Louis Ilell.
It was the
respect that the Indians had for the I
'scarlet and gold" that saved western i j
Canada at that period from gravest
Deeds of Individual Bravery.
It was not alone in keeping the In
dians in check that the police showed
bravery and tact. Col. Sam Steele, who
commanded the Strathconn Horse In
South Africa, rose from a sick bed,
faced nnd nrrestod the ringleaders of
several hundred Infuriated armed rail
way strikers in the Rockies.
But It was in the long patrol of the
terrible North that the best traditions
of the force hnve been preserved.
They plunged Into these unknown
wastes, hundreds of miles, sometimes
alone, sometimes In pairs, facing an
arctic winter to rescue the unfortn
nate or capture the wrongdoer. Deeds
were done that. If In other fields, would
hnve won the highest decorations.
Many won through, but others sleep
In that Northland waste, martyrs to
duty. On the Fort Resolution and
Dawson patrol, In 1911, Inspector Fitz
gerald nnd three companions lost their
lives. Fitzgerald failing to nrrlve it
his flestlnation, Dempster was ordered
to find Fitzgerald with Instructions:
''Bear In mind, nothing Is to stand In
your way until you get In touch with
this party." Dempster started Into
the wilds of the terrible arctic winter
and, hundreds of miles from the post 1
of civilization, found Fitzgerald's com- [
panions lying together, with hands j
crossed nnd faces covered. Fitzgerald
bad cared for his comrades until they
died, nnd even after death. TIipii he
pushed on. but was found with (liary
nnd mail bng under his body, protect
ing it to the last. In his pocket was
found his will, written with a charcoal
stick, leaving everything to his mother
He found the Eskimo had
and no nr
thors Rouvler nnd Le Roux through
the Islands of the Arctic oceun, but
flnnlly nrrlved In Edmonton with his
prisoners. They were found guilty, \
hut the sentence was commuted to j
Imprisonment for life nmong their own |
people, which means living under po-1
lice supervision. They were
capable of realizing (lie seriousness I
of their crime.
go hark to arctic solitude they cried i
like children on being separated from
the big Inspector who had captured |
them nnd brought them to trial. Now
n police post on Coronation gulf lias !
been established, and these simple
children of the North nre learning re
"God bless you all.
F. J. Fitzgerald, R. N. \V. M. P."
He, like many others of the force,
had pnld the penalty of the arctic pa
trol. It took Inspector French two
yenrs nnd an nrctlc patrol of 5.000
miles to Investigate the murder of Red
ford (Americnn) nnd Street (Cana
dian) hy Eskimo within the arctic cir
acted- In self-defense
rests were made. Inspector La Kauze
chased the Eskimo murderer of Fa
l n .
Leaving Edmonton to
it lone policeman bus brought a maniac I
strapped on a dog sleigh to clvlllzu ,
tion. Alone wjth the nindmtin facing
tho most terrible storms, he has won
Always Did Their Best.
Struggling through the arctic wilds
But all do not win through, as shown
hy this last message found on one of
the force caught ln a terrible blizzard :
"Lost, horse dead; am trying to push
ahead. Have done my best." There
never was a more deserving motto for
my force tlinn the last words of this
lying member of the scarlet nnd gold.
'Have «lone my best."
And so it has been in the arctic
wilderness or on the hlizzard-swept
prairie, whether serving the empire In
Ihe Strathconns ln South Africa, or In
the Garry norse on Flnndors' fields,
the riders of the plains hnve always
done their best. Hnrvnrd gradual«*
or Cnnndlun farmer, Texn.« cowboy or
Fronch-Canadlnn voyager, the English
aristocrat or the Scotch breed of the
prairie, the scarlet and gold held them
nil, nnd nlways they did their best.
Fifty yenrs they hnve been the guard
Inns of the wilds. The wilds have
disappeared, and so does this grand
old corps, leaving as a heritage the
best traditions ln service nnd loyalty.
IDAHO NEWS PARAGRAPHS
Recent Happenings in This State
Given in Brief Items for
Camp Grounds Near Ready.
The automobile camp
grounds at Delsol park, ehst of the
city, will soon be complete«! ami ready
Dies of Heart Leakage.
SAN 1)1*01 NT Mrs. Prank A Twiss
of Satulpoint died recently from leak
i apt of the heart after an illness ex- j
tending over a period of five months. |
Eagleson Governorial Candidate.
liOlSK.- State Treasurer
i Eagleson lias formally authorized the i
announcement that lie is a candidate .
for the republican nomination for gov
•lohn \V. !
Major C. D. Warner Dies.
surviving his wife nine weeks. Major
t\ D. Warner died March t!7 of old ago, '
h aving no known relatives.
born July IS, 1M0, and married Anna
1 . ,, .. ' .. !
of V (,rfeen ManU '• 1M, '- wa " , "' ar -
n ! «rmus'er sergeant in the 123d New .
! \ ,,rk volunteer8 in the arnl - v <" thu I
! <>tomac -
Mrs. Zumwalt Dies.
■ wait, ago 00, and her son, John Zum
! wait, age 72, died of influenza, the
1 mother on Wednesday and the son on
Thursday of last week.
I walt was a pioneer of tl ,e northwest,
i j lav
ing «orne across the continent to
I Oregon almost 70 years ago.
i Zumwalt and the son accompanied her
i on that trip.
State Asks Time Change.
BOISE.—Responding to a popular
demand indicated by petitions and res
olutions filed from all parts of south
western and south central Idaho, the
public utilities commission has for
warded to the interstate commerce
commission a formal complaint ask
ing that mountain time bo declared as
standard for the territory between
l'ocatello and Huntington instead ol
Latah County Needs Laborers.
MOSCOW.—The demand for labor
ers in this section is unusually heavy
and high wages are being offered for
men. Latah county s big road building
program, in which $2,000,000 is to be
spent for highway construction, will
furnish employment to many men and
teams, while farm work, building in
Moscow and In other towns and on
farms and the timber will furnish work
to many hundred more.
Build Elk City Road.
with Construction of the wagon road into
Into Elk City, Idaho, is expected to begin
soon after April 1, according to resi
post 1 dents of that place. The proposed
com- [ route is ulong the south f«>rk of the
j Clearwater river. The sum of money
available is believed to be sufficient
they for the construction to Meadow creek,
and by the time construction reaches
that point it is believed
money will be available for comple
tion of the work to Elk City.
Mrs. H. Read Suicides.
TROY'.—Mrs. Herbert G. Read, 22
years old, committed suicide by shoot
ing herself last Saturday. Mr. Read
works in the brick yard at night and
returned at 6 o'clock for his break
fast and found his wife did not havq
breakfast ready. He complained ol
her conduct and said he had not slept
for two days and nights and was sick.
had She dressed and came into the kitchen,
nr- where tier husband had started the
fire. Other words followed and she
returned to the bedroom and took the
revolver from the wall where it hung
but and fired the shot. She died in a few
his minutes without speaking,
I on corn silage thut Is planned to help
cried i otherwise be summerfallowed in
from northern Idaho this year. He Is urg- 1
| Dig early planting In sections where
Now frosts do not interfere, and is giving
lias ! to farmers the benefit of experiments
carried out by his department, which
re show that Hie age, rather than the
To Help Corn Production.
MOSCOW.'—Professor IL K. Ron
nett of the farm crops department of
l n . the university is preparing a bulletin
to in the production of corn on land that
size of corn plants, govern its value
llis experiments show the désira
I bllity of planting corn as early as
, practicable In order to have it reach
the proper age to make the best sil
won ago at the proper season in the fall,
He announces that other experiment
stations ln the northwest have ar
rlvod at the same conclusion,
results of these experiments will be
given to farmers who desire to raise
more corn for silage.
Panama Canal Reopens.
PANAMA.—Obstructions in the Cu
lobra cut district of the Panama canal
wore removed March 28 and Ihe groat
waterway is again open for traffic
after a six-day Interruption.
Ludendorff In Custody.
BERLIN.—General Ludendorff bus
surrendered to Examining Judge
Oeschlager. He denied charges that
he was Implicated in the reactionary
revolt of March 13.
Ex-Kaiser to His New Residence.
AMERONGEN, Holland.—Part of
the baggage of William Hohenzollern,
ex-kaiser of Germany, has been moved
from Bentlnck castle to Doom, where
he is soon to reside.
PROTECTION AND DEVELOPMENT OF FOREST
RESOURCES IMPORTANT TO ALL FARMERS
• * * '
? r æ
;*••. i. • s| |i
It Wl# to
i tyÆif . y
ft I Ilf I
li .1 i'lM
i-s® i. iy èy ÿ
* f y • M* • - : » .
v v ';.
f&A 4 - <44* gÿ
Pastured Upland Woodlot in Tennessee—Stand of Eighteen Cords Per Acre.
(Prepared by the Flitted States Depart
ment of Agriculture.)
"Timber is an Important farm crop."
The average farmer probably lias
never stopped lo think about this fact.
At least, he apparently has never
taken It Into account in Ids farm op
erations. But the value of Ihe prod
ucts from the farm woodlot yvas
greater than the potato crop and near
ly double that of Ihe
the last census. Farmers
obacco crop in
sume more wood Ilian any other group.
These facts nre brought out by
David F. Houston, secretary of agri
culture, In discussing Ihe policies and
practices which should h<> followed In
protecting and developing Ihe forest
resources of the nation. In his an
nual report the secretary asserts that
the continued dissipation of privately
owned forests In every timber-produc
ing region of the country Is a matter
of grave concern, and that the public
does not fully realize its seriousness.
"If the area having little or no value
for other than forest purposes Is not
protected." says the secretary, "much
of It will become practically nonpro
ductive. Millions of acres In the older
parts of the country, where supplies
of timber are neeiled by the communi
ties, have become almost valueless.
Where the land Is not valuable for
agriculture, large-scale lumbering op
erations are followed by local Indus
trial depr«*ssion, the timber Industries
migrate, population decreases, farm
ers lose their local market, tnxnble
values decline, schools und roads d«*
terlornte. and the economic and social
life of tlic community suffer.
Need Public Co-Operation and Direction
"The problem presented Is very dif
ficult. Public forests arc confined to
relatively limited ureas, except In the
West. These will by no mentis supply
the future needs of the country,
present the greater part of the lumber
produced annually Is cut from private
lands on wlilch (be appearance of new
growth is at best a matter of accident.
Is likely to be long delayed, or may
Without concerted ac
tion under public co-operation and di
rection the problem will not be solved.
Private initiative can not be depended
to secure the requisite conserva
BRIGHT FUTURE FOR
BEEKEEPING IS SEEN
Enlarged American Consumption
of Honey to Continue.
Exports of Product During War to Al
lied Countries Increased at Least
Ten Times—Two Destructive
If American beekeepers arc able to
meet increasing demand, the enlarged
American consumption of honey
omtinue. says the annual report of
the chief of the bureau of entomology.
United States department of agricul
ture. During the war our exports of
honey to the allied countries increased
st least teli times, and the domestic
use also went much higher. The In
creased export demand bus continued
since the end of hostilities, and tlie
bureau sees reason to expect that this
market will continue to be an impor
tant factor In American beekeeping.
Local suies of honey near the points
of production have Increased more
rapidly than sales In the larger mar
kets, but this oat) readily be remedied,
according to the report, by the further
development of the business of bot
The tendency to collect the bees of
the country in the bands of commer
cial beekeepers is viewed us a whole
some sign for the development of the
Industry. Prevalence of two destruc
tive brood diseases, und especially the
neeessitj of careful study of beekeep
ing problems in order to obtain
maximum crops, make It almost im
possible tor the person having only a
few colonies to give the care essential
for good beekeeping. Only the tunn
who makes beekeeping bis chief work
may expect to get proper returns, says
forest regions Is of Imineillnte concern
and Importance to farmers. Timber Is
an Important farm crop. Farm wood
binds comprise about 20 per cent of
(he farm area of the country. At the
last census the value of the products
from them was greater than that of
the potato crop and nearly double that
of the tobacco yield Forestry, there
fore, must be assigned a place in fnrm
management. Farmers also are vitally
concerned with national forestry prob
lems. They consume more wood than
any other group und they are interest
ed in seeing that there is available,
at reasonable prices, a continuous
I supply of lumber and oilier forest
products. A sound forestry policy does
not conflict with agricultural senti
ment. In fuct, it facilitates the culti
vation of land suitable for agriculture,
und also seeks to secure the proper
handling of existing forests and the
reforestation of denuded regions. On
the other hand, forest devastation re
tards agricultural development."
Fire Protection Essential.
Fire, the secretary points out. Is a
great menace not only on forested but
also on cut-ove# areas. "Adequate
protection." he says, "should he re
qulred of all owners. The public,
through both the state nnil federal
governments, should co-operate in or
ganizing tills service anil should share
1he cost of maintaining It. It should
also adopt such practical measures
ns may be necessary to bring about
the discontinuance of nil practices
which result In turning the forests Into
wnstes, nnd should aid private owners
to perpetuate tlielr forests hy prope -
management. A well-balanced policy
requires a much larger program of
publicly-owned forests than at pres
"Good forestry pructlce," concludes
the secretary, "rests upon the posses
sion of full nnd accurate data. Our
present knowledge of the methods of
securing the largest yields Is' inade- y
qttate. There Is need of further Infor
mation regarding the amount, quality
and distribution of existing timber
supplies. A detailed Inventory of our
present resources and a survey of
present and prospective needs are es
sential for constructive planning."
SUGAR-BEET SEED PRODUCED
Revised Estimates Show Approxi
mately 6,700.000 Pounds on
Total Acreage of 11,100.
Revised estimates of sugar-beet
seed produced In the United States in
1919 show a total production of ap
proximately 6,700,000 pounds on a
total acreage of 11,100 acres, with an
average yield of 000 pounds an acre.
Earlier estimates, based on reports of
growers, indicated a total production
of 7.500.000 pounds. It developed,
however, that the average yield per
acre In Idaho and Michigan was
much smaller than was anticipated by
the growers. Considerable acreage In
Idaho was reported to be a total
The 1919 production still is 800,000
pounds greater than the total produo
tion In 1918. 1,620.000 pounds greater
than in t917, nnd 1,160.000 pounds
greater than In 1916.
SAME BREED IN COMMUNITY
One of Many Advantages to Be Gained
by Stock Raisers Is Uniform
There are many advantages to be
gained when tlu* stock raisers of one
community raise the snme breed. Bet
ter prices tuny be secured from the
sale of a uniform product, und suit
able breeding stock cun be secured
EGG MATERIALS FOR LAYERS
Hens Must Have Green Food Such as
Mangels, Cabbage, Clover, Etc.,
for Good Health.
The liens cannot obtain any green
ir other green growths In the
fields during the winter, but must have
gr«*eii food like mangels, cabbage,
clover, alfalfa, etc., in order to keep ln
good licultli and have the materials to
xml | txt