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HAS WEALTH OF
FIBROUS PLANTS Decline of Coffee and Rubber Trade Brings Revival of Old Industry in Brazil. GOVERNMENT AIDS IN TESTS More Than 100 Varieties Furnish Ma terlal for Jute, Brushes, Hats Cordage—Country Has Enor. mous Resources. ana Washington.—Brazil, although ered with fibrous plants, Imports ?'«, «00,000 worth of Jute and Indian hemp annually. The traveler, who watches a long line of cargadore* staggering un der the weight of bags of coffee in the port of Santos, has only to turn ids glasses toward Hie neighboring hills to some of the best specimens of fiber yielding plants. The answer is simple. The country is so huge and at Ihe same time sc un derpopulated that nil of Its will not be developed for come. cov Ht'«' resources years to Tiie recent the federal government announcement that was ready to receive 40,000,000 Immigrants will give some Idea of the existing rutio of the population of this state to Its area. Lately, with the decline of the rub ber industry, caused by the difficulty In competing with the rubber plunta- ! tlons of the far East, and since coffee raising has become less profitable be cause of overplanttng, the country has turned Its attention to the commercial value of fibrous plants, and their devel opment has begun to attract the atten tion of investors. Nearly every Bra zilian Is familiar with their fibers, and •an Insistent propaganda has begun for their exploitation. The government is assisting, and experiments have devel oped several fibers of assured commer cial value, some of which are described In a bulletin of the Pan-American Union as follows: Only Fiber Exported. "The only fiber that figures among Brazilian exports to the United States la plassnva, a kind of hairy, pliable bark. One company has 6,000,000 trees on Its property north of Bahia City; another Important source of supply Is the valley of the Rio Preto, in northern Bahia. The fibers measure from 8 to 15 feet in length, the longer ones being used in making ropes and twine and the heavier, coarser kinds cut into abort strips for a number of uses, chief South American Many Scots Are Coming to U. S. flush on to Canada Also > Be cause of the Unrest Pre vailing at Home. STEAMSHIP UNES SWAMPED Confusion Into Which Industry Has Drifted as Result of Stopping of War Work Adds to Gen eral Discontent. Glnsgow, Scotland.—At tiie moment there are more people desirous of leaving this country and going to America than ever before. All tiie available steamship berths from Glas gow ore booked until the middle of summer. It Is estimated that already there have been more applications for passages to New York than there were in the early months of any year before the war. To Canada there are also so many prospective emigrants that the ship ping companies engaged in the Glas .gow-St Luwrence service cannot guar antee passages earlier than July. It Is evident, therefore, that there is a general Incliuutiou to leave the Unit ed Kingdom, and to tuke up life in •the United States or Canada, short time ufter hostilities closed It seemed that settlement at home would nppeal strongly to ex-service The government promised them land and houses on reasonable terms. But the process of Industrial and social re construction lias been slow und tiie land and houses seem still very fur off. Besides, there is a good deal of unemployment, caused mainly by the ■confusion Into which Industry has drifted as a result of the stopping of war work, and the lack of new Indus tries to absorb all the war workers. Then again, although wages are high, the cost of living is even higher in proportion, and there seems no imme diate prospect of any reduction in the prices of food or clothes. There Isa continual call for a greater production of manufactures for export so that the rate of exchange may be put right, but the great mass of the workers jierslst In looking upon higher wages 11 s of more importance thnn Increased pro duction, and the output, even of now ships, remains much too low. Apathy Among Shipbuilders. The tonnage launched on the Clyde during the first quarter of this year ■was somewhat better than that of the For a men. Is I ! In first three month« of 1019. but was much less than the average for the •corresponding quarters of pre-war years. This Is explained, to some ex tent, by lack of steel, which Hgain Is Electing Mexico's New President /T ii T V A > C \\W A Hi. I 80 I (1 u \ m i: N '- : ; l u l iMTkpîlUi 4 VI nit m *1 % '71 t r * ■' : 1 f || HH Ii : ! - f M J, : I: ■: :j 1 l a t ii itsl 0 * railing the roll in the chamber of deputies for the election of Provisional President Adolfo de lu Huerta. of which are the manufacture of I ,,roo,nf h brushes, huts and, to a limited | extent, sandals. ! "The exportation of this lil 1 er from ! Bahia and Ilheos to the United States and Europe, as well us other parts of Brazil and South America, is increas ing yearly as new applications are found for It. In the United Stntes it Is used only in the manufacture of snow sweepers that are supplied to street car companies. J * J J 1 "The traveler sailing up the straits that lead into the picturesque little Bay of Victoria, will notice what at first glance appear to be bundles of huge broadswords tied together at die handles and pointing In every direc tion. A closer examination reveals these bundles as green bushes, the roots of which must certainly be past ed against the sides of the cliffs to keep the plant from falling into the water. A common stalk cannot be de tected and, In fact, does not exist, the bush being simply a collection of mam moth leaves, from ten to twelve feet long, that sprout Independently from a single root. t "It is the pltelrn, a cousin of the famous agave of the Philippines, which has the distinction of being the first explained by lack of ships to carry ore from Spain. But that there is a certain amount of apathy In industry Is undoubted. This is the reaction aft er the Intense activity of the war. The general effect of all tills has been to breed a form of Impatience with things ns they are anil a desire to emigrate to other countries, sequently there Is a rush for Con passen ger accommodation on the New York and St Lawrence steamers. If there were plenty of steamers this would be all right. But there are less thnn half the number of pre-war passenger ves sels. On the Glnsgow-New York lee before the wnr the Anchor line had four first-class vessels—the Columbia, the Caledonia, the California and the Cnmeronin. Of these only the first named remains. The others were lost during the war. When "the four C.'s" were running they maintained a lar weekly service. One boat of the four left New York and one left Glas gow each Saturday. It was a service nearer to that of trains run to a time table thnn any other from Glasgow. Now the company finds It totally Im possible to resume any such service. serv regu Americans Get the Berths. One or two vessels have been char tered for single ruus, but they are not fitted for carrying large numbers of passengers, and they can do little to relieve the situation. So the chnnces are that many of those people desir ous of going to America will be unable to do so. For this Americans themselves will be somewhat to blame, bers of them have already passage eastward, , and also passages later In the year. The round trip Is booked In New York, and the offices of the lines here are simply In formed thnt so much westward ac commodation for such and such trips« Is filled. The Americans will he 00111 - Large 1111111 - bookeil return Ing over In large crowds early in July and returning In September or Octo tier. Tills means, that berthage which would have been utilized for Immi grants In the latter months has been taken up by Americans who have money to spend and wish to see Eu rope. It Is a pity that this should have been the ease in a year In which there would certainly have been a boon, In Immigration. We have been of building cargo boats until we seem to have enough, hut we are only now get ting on with the building of liners. Of; these there mm>v en the stocks In different parts of Hie United King- | <|om, hut few of then are will tie in serv Ice lids yi By ii"\t spring there should lie a large number, and then there should lie no lack facilities. the if traveling of I + | J ■* « ! \ Chicago Fortune Heiress , ' Sticks to $2-a-Day Job ; » • of are it of to » i Cincinnati.—A modest Chlcn- \ ' go fortune of $50,000 just claim- • * p d by Miss Jessie M. Evans of \ J this city, a stenographer, will * 1 not change in an iota the inten- \ \ tion of Miss Evans to continue * i a working girl at $2 per day in \ * the office of the A. C. Lawrence * * Leather company here. Miss # J Evans nursed her Chicago aunt. J * Mrs. Kale II. Roberts, during * J her recent illness, and was re- J J warded by being made her sole • 1 heir. * at of to t » * fibrous plant to be cultivated by Euro peans in Rrazil, where the first Portu guese colonists found the Indians gathering the leaves of this plant for use In the muking of moccasins. The plants require from four to six to mature, but live from twelve to six teen years, In comparison with sisal which lives from ten to twelve years. The fiber is lighter than Indian hemp and finer than hennequen from Yuca tan. years Spectacular History. "Aramlna, or guoxlma toxa, lias a rather spectacular hlst'ory. Repeated experiments In Africa. India and Bra zil so encouraged botanists in the lat ter country thnt an intense propagan da for the manufacture of coffee bags from this plant was begun and result ed in the building of a factory in Sno Paulo for that' purpose. "Although the factory attained an output of 800,000 bags found ready, enthusiastic buyers, diffi culties so Increased thnt after n few yenrs of operation the factory was de voted exclusively to the manufacture of bags from jute. The failure was not due to the poor quality of the bogs, but rather to the lack of co-operation among the planters. "In addition to aramlna. which Is su perior to Jute, Brazil can boast' of other fibrous plant growing wild in the central pnrt of the country which, If cultivated and used In the manufac ture of bags would eliminate the In dian product from the list of her im ports. It is the Pnpoula de San Fran cisco sometimes called Perlni fiber from Its once supposed discoverer. The fillers have the qualities of linen and hemp with certain printing and dyeing. "These represent only fibers of high commercial value and do not Include a hundred other species that grow In Brazil. Uses for the others will be found later." a 11 year, and be an a advantages in BRIDE LOSES DURESS SUIT Husband Discharged by New York Court When Charges Were Not Corroborated. New York.—Angelo Fezzn. four years old, was arraigned In Adams twenty discharged when - st reet court, Brooklyn, on a charge of compelling Catherine Gormley to be married to him. - Miss Gormley had Fezzn arrested, as serting that lie met her on an elevated station and threatened to kill be less she married him. obtained a license and wen Then she went to tiie district tiey's office and tol.l her story. Magistrate Walsh discharged Fe because the girl's account fair was not corroborated and also lie cause she had not told lb that she was marrying I duress. r un They forthwith married attor Die Followinq Their Bell Weather Paris, Ky.—Two tenants on the fa, of Fred Roberts caught a large rat and tied n small bell about its afterward lib, appeared in a is zz: ■f tile af city clerl,• ■zza under If neck The rat dis lade in the barn floor In 11 few rating It. lie appearing 1 | eloselv in moments contlnuom Tln wen yet jusi followed Hie one will followed by a stream of rodents of all sizes, two men killed rats until they not figured tired, lint have why Hie rats the hell MRS. LAURENCE TRIES HER HAND. I By KATE TUCKER. ^**M m » m * m '**«* *# m «**W <(g). 1920. by McClUl Ne' '«paper Syndicate.) The huglipnr of Doctor Laurence's life as general practitioner in the small town of Crawford generally known was eases that are ns "nervous." He was courageous and versatile, as most small town doctors have to he. would go ills rounds fourteen hours out of the twenty-four during epidem ics; would go with through operations thnt would have tried a more celebrated surgeon; lie would listen pntiently to the queries of young mothers over their infnnts' He steady nerve 1 || teething difficulties—all that sort of thing. But when a patient said "nerves" Doctor Laurence wished to give up. Mrs. Laurence, however, had been reading tip on modern methods of treating nervous disorders in tiie doc tor's medical Journals and in the popular magazines. Psychopathy was her latest hobby, and somehow. In spite of the live little Laurences. Mrs. Laurence always had time for some hobby. "I really feel," she told the doctor one evening while the mother's help er, Vera, was patiently putting the younger two Laurences to bed and the older two were dancing an Indian wnr dance as a preliminary to putting them selves to bed, "I really think that I would have a positive tnlent for psy chic healing. You know reputable doc tors are taking it up now. There Is a wonderful future for It. 1 don't see why you don't go In for that sort of thing. All the best doctors are doing It. Take Robert Ludwell, for instance. His case is purely psychopathic—per fectly absurd for you to look at the case In any other way. What you wunt to do is to get down deep at the root of the matter. He doesn't sleep and he's losing weight, not because he has overworked on that book of his, as you tell him, but because of some fenr image that lurks in his mind. It Is your duty to probe down till you find it, and then, through the force of your mentality over his, to dispel that fear Image." "So you said," commented Doctor Laurence, and then—"perfect bosh, perfect bosh." He paced back and forth before the living room open fire. "I wish I could do something for Rob ert, however." : ■: :j There was suddenly an unusual note of pleading in Mrs. Laurence's voice. "Will you let me try?" said, and apparently Doctor Laurence agreed, although If he did agree It was surely not because he had any Interest In his wife's theory of psy chic healing. The first step In Mrs. Laurence's campaign to cure Robert took pince the next evening, when the doctor asked him to spend the evening at his house, without, of course, suggesting to him thnt Mrs. Laurence was going to administer lier first treatment in psychic healing. There was considérable confusion. Vera, the mother's helper, had been away on her very rare afternoon off. The twins refused to be put to bed by anyone else and their rebellion gave the cue to the older child to fall downstairs, with considerable in jury to his tired feelings, but great bruising. So dinner was late and the confusion still was discern ible when Robert arrived. she Ludwell no There were Intermittent walls from the nursery, a slamming of dishes in the kitchen and glimpses of the rather flush-faced, distracted Vera as she pur sued the older children through the liv ing room In her effort to pack them off to bed. But Mrs. Laurence was not one to he much ruffled by such mild domestic confusion, and eventually slip managed to sit beside Mr. Ludwell îlono before the fireplace and make the first probing. She discovered one thing, a horror of hoarding houses. He disliked hoarding house coffee. He likewise had a horror of any sort of confusion. He Intimated when Mrs. Laurence asked him point-blank why he had never married that possibly It was because he was a recluse by ture. He had to have quiet for hls writing. He had tin So Mrs. Laurence decided to Invite Mr. Ludwell to leave his boarding house and spend a month nt the Lau rence establishment. There he would more hoarding house coffee. have in there would lie no more confusion, she was sure. She was surprised when cepterl her tlon. he ac nnd the doctor's Invlta Slie hadn't expected he would Come so willingly. And the doctor was even more surprised "He says lie wants to be away from confusion ?" gasped the doctor. "1 nrn sure you don't think there is ever any confusion here," said Mrs. Laurence, "and the • coffee is certainly better than tiie kind 01 boarding house." ■ gets In a Mrs. Laurence was planning now for tier system of psy chopathic treatment on Mr. Ludwell. If she succeeded with him. she might take the work n| might become quite a specialist. Meantime Doctor Laurence had been making observations, b career -she as a ind lie had ob served a pair of pretty blue eyes which lie bad come tn re mil •ith something kin to fatherly aff I Ion He noticed is Hint at times those '.'es turned a very soft limpid lil lie and then dropped p, confusion. And Ihen lie would glance "lily to find a pulr across the m mi. in or suppose.iij melancholy hark eyes suddenly delve deep In a hook or news paper. At times Mrs. Laurence was profuse In her apologies to Mr. I.ndwell. At breakfast she would ask him how he slept. "I hope you didn't hear the twins," she would say. "They were up earlier than usual, and Ulehard fell out of hod. You may have heard him screaming in the night : not hurt, mere ly frightened." And you might have discerned her confusion which was deep-seated because it had been part of her plan to have the Laurence household breathe that calm and quel which would he the proper antidote for the hoarding house fear image. Then one evening you might, had you been hidden somewhere beside tiie side veranda of the Laurence homestead, have Itenrd the following conversation. It was an evening when Doctor and Mrs. Laurence were attend ing some board meeting or other and Vera was at home to look after things, ns usual. Mr. Ltidwell, in spite of a previous engagement, had remained home also: "Did you get any sleep last night at all?" asked Vera wearily. "Some," commented Ltidwell ; "what was the row In the nursery?" "Well, Richard woke up at eleven and decided It was n good time to bite his sister Bell's big toe. He has been waiting for a chnnce to got even. That woke the twins, and so it went on, and, of course, some one Is always sure to wake at five, and then they begin again." "Hard on yon," said Ludwell sym pathetically. "But there's this about It. When I do get a chance to sleep, I sleep hard. I never saw such confu sion—the boarding house was Eden compared to this bedlam." "Then why do you stay?" came a rather shy question that seemed to trail off weakly toward the end. "You don't suppose I'd leave you here, do you? And I'll tell you, Vera, that what has set me on my feet again after the exhaustion that followed get ting out my last book in such a fright fully short time was because I felt that I wanted to know you. After I knew you and saw how hard you worked here, 1 felt I had to pull myself to gether so I could take care of you. I wanted to be able to offer you a home where you could get away from this confusion." Then there was a silence, during which. If you had listened, you would have heard nothing. Then from Rob ert Ludlow: "How wonderful you are. And from Vera : "You—you are wonderful, too." Robert and Vera left the Laurence household In more confusion thnn they found it. Confusion, of course, be cause the mainstay and prop in the guise of Vera was going. Tînt then there was the satisfaction to Mrs. Lau rence that she had succeeded amazing ly well in this, her first effort in psy chopathies. I Vera." NEVER FREE FROM TROUBLE Border Between United States and Mexico Has Always Been Law less Strip of Country. The border between the United States and Mexico has been for a long time one of tiie most troubled, roman tic and lawless in the western hemi sphere. Not only do the Mexican revo lutionists periodically stnrt something by shooting or raiding across tlie line, but this border also affords one of the finest opportunities in tiie world for smuggling. A large part of the opium which is consumed by addicts In this country ionics bv way of the Mexican border, and an Illicit business in arms ami ammunition goes In tiie old days stealing horses in Mexico, driving them across the river and selling them In the United States was a thriving Industry and It is prob ably still carried on to some extent. In the old days it was known politely the "wet horse trade." horses were often sold when they still wet. ile other way. ns because the were The border country Is admirably en dowed by nature for these lawless do ings. It Is flat, near-desert country, dry for farming, but not too dry to sup port heavy thickets of chaparral and mesqulte, which makes one of the dens est and most impenetrable covers In (he world. Thnt part of tiie country which lies within the big bend of the Rio Grande is an especially dense jungle of this kind. too It swnrins with game. The desert white tail deer, the peccary, the wild turkey and Hie Mexican quail are abundant. This supply of wild meat makes it easy for a Mexican out aw who knows where Ihe water holes are to hide out for long periods. Superfluous. "How do you do, luted the gent nt the door, fvrlng, to the few persons In each com munity who are to apprei ,.ite it work. This hook-" "Book, liar?" interru; son of Rumpus Ridge, Ark. forget now what sir!" suavely sä "I am of ■ f sufficient culture a valuable literary '•I Gap John "1 had a book 'I was about. • hough—for a good while, hut six months nc n lion f I lie baby uk and ti gnawed it nil It fell t wasn't no good o liny nnoili, i'n un |„. Pieces mil en rlli. \ use to gets c emingli understand wluit a b book Is fur.''— Kansas ( ' i I y Slur. His Principal Objection. ageul had new uiyor and at Hie The lieuse sounded Ills praises of Hie properly to Hie prospective end tie lentil rate In this suburb in any other part of Hie sald : is lower than conn 1 r.v " "I believe you," said Hie buyer prospective "I wouldn't lie found dead in re elf." I .oniloii m\ Til Bits. Rann-dom Reels By HOWARD L R A N N the tike <;r \i ; r llB a \\T Ee pneumatic tire mournful utiemprrr * •Met * every time they run over V ^ This guarantee dues not ,'.!!! S thing until die man who 0 n ^ to collect a new casing ,, M 11 ,,.^ U ^ of a nine-inch blowout . !, ^ treil PA 1 11 ".v drii. " ,lk '" assume to b( Dl'ice, (fin people who tie. Ing over a pickle jar. a threatening mollified by paying the list express both ways added. When a new tire Is I aspect, an,| lias , , »uglit for it Is guaranteed against various of disease, any one of which Its vitality and cause it in in some unexpected place understood that the cash. fonm may sa ? I HI P open " Is tin, owner is tn Prop it difficult tarry 3a,, pounds of Installment-plan nutomoS and seven robust passengers pounds of air, without givit some vital spot and spoiling evening for all concerned. If an , Justment Is not made at once, on a basis of a new casing and tube th! locnl dealer will lose one of the'beet time customers In town. up occasionally with air. for a four-inch tire It is to •n «• ,g w ay « an The tire guarantee does net protect the man who allows the Insidious sam blister to crawl Into the casing throurt a stone bruise and eat its way down to the demountable rim without lutes ference. There are two ways to trat the sand blister. One is to have It m. cunlzed by some leisurely artisan, uj the other is to open It up with a jack knife and wait for the grand Unit with a tight grip on the steering W |ie<L Some tires are guaranteed longer than others, and will last for years if not driven to excess, jw best way to presen e tires is to drt* slowly around the block once a and then put the car to sleep on sMs over night. When a catalogue lion* tire has been run 15,000 miles with™ «eng Glass! you» GWAmOFATW«.! I'm a cuurui o»ivf» I AM • YOU On ill FU YWStLT T»»T Tl«g WAS DEFECTaC IT llfT TK t •T AfffAUS To HAVE Ken DAMAGED »Y Glass <* so«« Soper l [ iS Tries to Collect a New Casing on the Strength of a Ni ne- Inch Blowout Caused by Running Over a Pickle Jar. a puncture, it either proves that the owner stole It from a truck or Is 1 massive and ormue liar. People would have less lire trouble if thee paid less attention to the guarantee and more to the short, crisp warnings of the tire tester. The best kind of a tire guaranteed a mixture of plain mule sense along with the ability to dodge between the three-cornered rocks which strew ihe highway. Tiie man who sets hi* brakes at 30 miles an hour and starts his car with a Jerk that would dislo cate the neck of a prize wrestler doesn't need a guarantee so much 1 » he does a guardian ad litem. (Copyright.) -O Ju^l Folks By EDGAR A. GUEST A PATRIOTIC CRFED. To serve my country day by day At any humble post I may; To honor and respect her Flag. To live the traits of which I brag; To he American in deed As well as In my printed creed. To stand for truth and honest toll To till my little patch of soil And keep In mind the debt I owe To them who died that I might know My country, prosperous and free, And passed this heritage to me. I must always In trouble's hour Be guided by tlm men In power; For God and country I must live, My best for God and country give; No act of mine that men may sc* B Must shame Hie name American. To do my best and play my part, American In mind and heart ; 'I'n serve Hie (lag and bravely stand To guard tlie glory of my land; lie American In deed, Hod gran! me strength to keep U» creed. <('nnvr!irlit hv |*'«1rnr A T I Î 1 Tired of Canned Stuff. "Ilouseeleanlug over?" ■'Nearly. " Kind." "Suppose you're "I certainly am. igln y tiresome ns a very Sardines lieront* regular diet" O- Useful. "Having any success with your oulJ* lovely statid duwif board?" "Yes, Indeed. It makes a thing ou which tu pots."