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Clearwater Republican. (Orofino, Idaho) 1912-1922, August 27, 1920, Image 6

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn86091128/1920-08-27/ed-1/seq-6/

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Decline of Coffee and Rubber
Trade Brings Revival of Old
Industry in Brazil.
More Than 100 Varieties Furnish Ma
terlal for Jute, Brushes, Hats
Cordage—Country Has Enor.
mous Resources.
Washington.—Brazil, although
ered with fibrous plants, Imports ?'«,
«00,000 worth of Jute and Indian hemp
annually. The traveler, who watches a
long line of cargadore* staggering un
der the weight of bags of coffee in the
port of Santos, has only to turn ids
glasses toward Hie neighboring hills to
some of the best specimens of fiber
yielding plants.
The answer is simple. The country
is so huge and at Ihe same time sc un
derpopulated that nil of Its
will not be developed for
years to
Tiie recent
the federal government
announcement that
was ready to
receive 40,000,000 Immigrants will give
some Idea of the existing rutio of the
population of this
state to Its area.
Lately, with the decline of the rub
ber industry, caused by the difficulty
In competing with the rubber plunta- !
tlons of the far East, and since coffee
raising has become less profitable be
cause of overplanttng, the country has
turned Its attention to the commercial
value of fibrous plants, and their devel
opment has begun to attract the atten
tion of investors. Nearly every Bra
zilian Is familiar with their fibers, and
•an Insistent propaganda has begun for
their exploitation. The government is
assisting, and experiments have devel
oped several fibers of assured commer
cial value, some of which are described
In a bulletin of the Pan-American
Union as follows:
Only Fiber Exported.
"The only fiber that figures among
Brazilian exports to the United States
la plassnva, a kind of hairy, pliable
bark. One company has 6,000,000 trees
on Its property north of Bahia City;
another Important source of supply Is
the valley of the Rio Preto, in northern
Bahia. The fibers measure from 8 to 15
feet in length, the longer ones being
used in making ropes and twine and
the heavier, coarser kinds cut into
abort strips for a number of uses, chief
Many Scots Are
Coming to U. S.
flush on to Canada Also > Be
cause of the Unrest Pre
vailing at Home.
Confusion Into Which Industry Has
Drifted as Result of Stopping of
War Work Adds to Gen
eral Discontent.
Glnsgow, Scotland.—At tiie moment
there are more people desirous of
leaving this country and going to
America than ever before. All tiie
available steamship berths from Glas
gow ore booked until the middle of
summer. It Is estimated that already
there have been more applications for
passages to New York than there were
in the early months of any year before
the war.
To Canada there are also so many
prospective emigrants that the ship
ping companies engaged in the Glas
.gow-St Luwrence service cannot guar
antee passages earlier than July.
It Is evident, therefore, that there is
a general Incliuutiou to leave the Unit
ed Kingdom, and to tuke up life in
•the United States or Canada,
short time ufter hostilities closed It
seemed that settlement at home would
nppeal strongly to ex-service
The government promised them land
and houses on reasonable terms. But
the process of Industrial and social re
construction lias been slow und tiie
land and houses seem still very fur
off. Besides, there is a good deal of
unemployment, caused mainly by the
■confusion Into which Industry has
drifted as a result of the stopping of
war work, and the lack of new Indus
tries to absorb all the war workers.
Then again, although wages are high,
the cost of living is even higher in
proportion, and there seems no imme
diate prospect of any reduction in the
prices of food or clothes. There Isa
continual call for a greater production
of manufactures for export so that the
rate of exchange may be put right, but
the great mass of the workers jierslst
In looking upon higher wages 11 s of
more importance thnn Increased pro
duction, and the output, even of now
ships, remains much too low.
Apathy Among Shipbuilders.
The tonnage launched on the Clyde
during the first quarter of this year
■was somewhat better than that of the
For a
first three month« of 1019. but was
much less than the average for the
•corresponding quarters of pre-war
years. This Is explained, to some ex
tent, by lack of steel, which Hgain Is
Electing Mexico's New President
A Hi.
u \
N '- : ; l u l
* ■'
f ||
! -
M J,
a t ii itsl
0 *
railing the roll in the chamber of deputies for the election of Provisional
President Adolfo de lu Huerta.
of which are the manufacture of I
,,roo,nf h brushes, huts and, to a limited |
extent, sandals.
! "The exportation of this lil 1 er from
Bahia and Ilheos to the United States
and Europe, as well us other parts of
Brazil and South America, is increas
ing yearly as new applications are
found for It. In the United Stntes it
Is used only in the manufacture of
snow sweepers that are supplied to
street car companies.
"The traveler sailing up the straits
that lead into the picturesque little
Bay of Victoria, will notice what at
first glance appear to be bundles of
huge broadswords tied together at die
handles and pointing In every direc
A closer examination reveals
these bundles as green bushes, the
roots of which must certainly be past
ed against the sides of the cliffs to
keep the plant from falling into the
water. A common stalk cannot be de
tected and, In fact, does not exist, the
bush being simply a collection of mam
moth leaves, from ten to twelve feet
long, that sprout Independently from
a single root.
"It is the pltelrn, a cousin of the
famous agave of the Philippines, which
has the distinction of being the first
explained by lack of ships to carry
ore from Spain. But that there is a
certain amount of apathy In industry
Is undoubted. This is the reaction aft
er the Intense activity of the war.
The general effect of all tills has
been to breed a form of Impatience
with things ns they are anil a desire
to emigrate to other countries,
sequently there Is a rush for
ger accommodation on the New York
and St Lawrence steamers. If there
were plenty of steamers this would be
all right. But there are less thnn half
the number of pre-war passenger ves
sels. On the Glnsgow-New York
lee before the wnr the Anchor line had
four first-class vessels—the Columbia,
the Caledonia, the California and the
Cnmeronin. Of these only the first
named remains. The others were lost
during the war. When "the four C.'s"
were running they maintained a
lar weekly service. One boat of the
four left New York and one left Glas
gow each Saturday. It was a service
nearer to that of trains run to a time
table thnn any other from Glasgow.
Now the company finds It totally Im
possible to resume any such service.
Americans Get the Berths.
One or two vessels have been char
tered for single ruus, but they are not
fitted for carrying large numbers of
passengers, and they can do little to
relieve the situation. So the chnnces
are that many of those people desir
ous of going to America will be unable
to do so.
For this Americans themselves will
be somewhat to blame,
bers of them have already
passage eastward, , and also
passages later In the year. The round
trip Is booked In New York, and the
offices of the lines here are simply In
formed thnt so much westward ac
commodation for such and such trips«
Is filled. The Americans will he 00111 -
Large 1111111 -
Ing over In large crowds early in July
and returning In September or Octo
tier. Tills means, that berthage which
would have been utilized for Immi
grants In the latter months has been
taken up by Americans who have
money to spend and wish to see Eu
rope. It Is a pity that this should
have been the ease in a year In which
there would certainly have been a
boon, In Immigration. We have been of
building cargo boats until we seem to
have enough, hut we are only now get
ting on with the building of liners. Of;
these there
mm>v en the
In different parts of Hie United King- |
<|om, hut few of then
will tie in serv
Ice lids yi
By ii"\t spring there
should lie a large number, and then
there should lie no lack
if traveling
of I +
| J
! \ Chicago Fortune Heiress ,
' Sticks to $2-a-Day Job ;
» •
i Cincinnati.—A modest Chlcn- \
' go fortune of $50,000 just claim- •
* p d by Miss Jessie M. Evans of \
J this city, a stenographer, will *
1 not change in an iota the inten- \
\ tion of Miss Evans to continue *
i a working girl at $2 per day in \
* the office of the A. C. Lawrence *
* Leather company here. Miss #
J Evans nursed her Chicago aunt. J
* Mrs. Kale II. Roberts, during *
J her recent illness, and was re- J
J warded by being made her sole •
1 heir. *
fibrous plant to be cultivated by Euro
peans in Rrazil, where the first Portu
guese colonists found the Indians
gathering the leaves of this plant for
use In the muking of moccasins. The
plants require from four to six
to mature, but live from twelve to six
teen years, In comparison with sisal
which lives from ten to twelve years.
The fiber is lighter than Indian hemp
and finer than hennequen from Yuca
Spectacular History.
"Aramlna, or guoxlma toxa, lias a
rather spectacular hlst'ory. Repeated
experiments In Africa. India and Bra
zil so encouraged botanists in the lat
ter country thnt an intense propagan
da for the manufacture of coffee bags
from this plant was begun and result
ed in the building of a factory in Sno
Paulo for that' purpose.
"Although the factory attained an
output of 800,000 bags
found ready, enthusiastic buyers, diffi
culties so Increased thnt after n few
yenrs of operation the factory was de
voted exclusively to the manufacture
of bags from jute. The failure was not
due to the poor quality of the bogs, but
rather to the lack of co-operation
among the planters.
"In addition to aramlna. which Is su
perior to Jute, Brazil can boast' of
other fibrous plant growing wild in the
central pnrt of the country which, If
cultivated and used In the manufac
ture of bags would eliminate the In
dian product from the list of her im
ports. It is the Pnpoula de San Fran
cisco sometimes called Perlni fiber
from Its once supposed discoverer. The
fillers have the qualities of linen and
hemp with certain
printing and dyeing.
"These represent only fibers of high
commercial value and do not Include a
hundred other species that grow In
Brazil. Uses for the others will be
found later."
11 year, and
Husband Discharged by New York
Court When Charges Were
Not Corroborated.
New York.—Angelo Fezzn.
four years old, was
arraigned In Adams
discharged when
st reet
Brooklyn, on a charge of compelling
Catherine Gormley to be married to
Miss Gormley had Fezzn arrested, as
serting that lie met her on an elevated
station and threatened to kill be
less she married him.
obtained a license and wen
Then she went to tiie district
tiey's office and tol.l her story.
Magistrate Walsh discharged Fe
because the girl's account
fair was not corroborated and also lie
cause she had not told lb
that she was marrying I
r un
They forthwith
Die Followinq Their Bell Weather
Paris, Ky.—Two tenants on the fa,
of Fred Roberts caught a large rat
and tied n small bell about its
afterward lib,
appeared in a
■f tile af
city clerl,•
■zza under
The rat dis
lade in the barn floor
In 11 few
rating It.
appearing 1
| eloselv
yet jusi
followed Hie one will
by a
stream of rodents of all sizes,
two men killed rats
until they
not figured
tired, lint have
why Hie rats
the hell
^**M m » m * m '**«* *# m «**W
<(g). 1920. by McClUl
'«paper Syndicate.)
The huglipnr of Doctor Laurence's
life as general practitioner in the small
town of Crawford
generally known
was eases that are
ns "nervous."
was courageous and versatile, as most
small town doctors have to he.
would go ills rounds fourteen hours
out of the twenty-four during epidem
ics; would go with
through operations thnt would have
tried a more celebrated surgeon; lie
would listen pntiently to the queries
of young mothers over their infnnts'
teething difficulties—all that sort of
But when a patient said
"nerves" Doctor Laurence wished to
give up.
Mrs. Laurence, however, had been
reading tip on modern methods of
treating nervous disorders in tiie doc
tor's medical Journals and in the
popular magazines. Psychopathy was
her latest hobby, and somehow. In spite
of the live little Laurences. Mrs.
Laurence always had time for some
"I really feel," she told the doctor
one evening while the mother's help
er, Vera, was patiently putting the
younger two Laurences to bed and the
older two were dancing an Indian wnr
dance as a preliminary to putting them
selves to bed, "I really think that I
would have a positive tnlent for psy
chic healing. You know reputable doc
tors are taking it up now. There Is a
wonderful future for It. 1 don't see
why you don't go In for that sort of
thing. All the best doctors are doing
It. Take Robert Ludwell, for instance.
His case is purely psychopathic—per
fectly absurd for you to look at the
case In any other way. What you
wunt to do is to get down deep at the
root of the matter. He doesn't sleep
and he's losing weight, not because he
has overworked on that book of his,
as you tell him, but because of some
fenr image that lurks in his mind. It
Is your duty to probe down till you
find it, and then, through the force of
your mentality over his, to dispel that
fear Image."
"So you said," commented Doctor
Laurence, and then—"perfect bosh,
perfect bosh." He paced back and
forth before the living room open fire.
"I wish I could do something for Rob
ert, however."
There was suddenly an unusual
note of pleading in Mrs. Laurence's
voice. "Will you let me try?"
said, and apparently Doctor Laurence
agreed, although If he did agree It
was surely not because he had any
Interest In his wife's theory of psy
chic healing.
The first step In Mrs. Laurence's
campaign to cure Robert
took pince the next evening, when
the doctor asked him to spend the
evening at his house, without, of
course, suggesting to him thnt Mrs.
Laurence was going to administer lier
first treatment in psychic healing.
There was considérable confusion.
Vera, the mother's helper, had been
away on her very rare afternoon off.
The twins refused to be put to bed
by anyone else and their rebellion
gave the cue to the older child to
fall downstairs, with considerable in
jury to his tired feelings, but
great bruising. So dinner was late
and the confusion still was discern
ible when Robert arrived.
There were Intermittent walls from
the nursery, a slamming of dishes in
the kitchen and glimpses of the rather
flush-faced, distracted Vera as she pur
sued the older children through the liv
ing room In her effort to pack them off
to bed.
But Mrs. Laurence was not
one to he much ruffled by such mild
domestic confusion, and eventually slip
managed to sit beside Mr. Ludwell
îlono before the fireplace and make
the first probing.
She discovered one thing,
a horror of hoarding houses. He
disliked hoarding house coffee. He
likewise had a horror of any sort of
confusion. He Intimated when Mrs.
Laurence asked him point-blank why
he had never married that possibly It
was because he was a recluse by
ture. He had to have quiet for hls
He had
So Mrs. Laurence decided to Invite
to leave his boarding
house and spend a month nt the Lau
rence establishment.
There he would
more hoarding house coffee.
have in
there would lie no more confusion, she
was sure.
She was surprised when
cepterl her
he ac
nnd the doctor's Invlta
Slie hadn't expected he would
Come so willingly.
And the doctor
was even more surprised
"He says lie wants to be away from
confusion ?" gasped the doctor.
"1 nrn sure you don't think there
is ever any confusion here," said Mrs.
Laurence, "and the

coffee is
better than tiie kind 01
boarding house."
■ gets In a
Mrs. Laurence was
planning now for tier system of psy
chopathic treatment on Mr. Ludwell.
If she succeeded with him. she might
take the work n|
might become quite a specialist.
Meantime Doctor Laurence had been
making observations,
career -she
as a
ind lie had ob
served a pair of pretty blue eyes which
lie bad come tn re
•ith something
kin to fatherly aff
I Ion
He noticed
Hint at times those
'.'es turned a very
soft limpid lil lie and then dropped p,
confusion. And Ihen lie
would glance
"lily to find a pulr
across the m
or suppose.iij melancholy hark eyes
suddenly delve deep In a hook or news
At times Mrs. Laurence was profuse
In her apologies to Mr. I.ndwell. At
breakfast she would ask him how he
slept. "I hope you didn't hear the
twins," she would say. "They were
up earlier than usual, and Ulehard fell
out of hod. You may have heard him
screaming in the night : not hurt, mere
ly frightened." And you might have
discerned her confusion which was
deep-seated because it had been part
of her plan to have the Laurence
household breathe that calm and quel
which would he the proper antidote for
the hoarding house fear image.
Then one evening you might, had
you been hidden somewhere beside
tiie side veranda of the Laurence
homestead, have Itenrd the following
conversation. It was an evening when
Doctor and Mrs. Laurence were attend
ing some board meeting or other and
Vera was at home to look after things,
ns usual. Mr. Ltidwell, in spite of a
previous engagement, had remained
home also:
"Did you get any sleep last night
at all?" asked Vera wearily.
"Some," commented Ltidwell ; "what
was the row In the nursery?"
"Well, Richard woke up at eleven
and decided It was n good time to bite
his sister Bell's big toe. He has been
waiting for a chnnce to got even. That
woke the twins, and so it went on, and,
of course, some one Is always sure to
wake at five, and then they begin
"Hard on yon," said Ludwell sym
pathetically. "But there's this about
It. When I do get a chance to sleep,
I sleep hard. I never saw such confu
sion—the boarding house was Eden
compared to this bedlam."
"Then why do you stay?" came a
rather shy question that seemed to
trail off weakly toward the end.
"You don't suppose I'd leave you
here, do you? And I'll tell you, Vera,
that what has set me on my feet again
after the exhaustion that followed get
ting out my last book in such a fright
fully short time was because I felt that
I wanted to know you. After I knew
you and saw how hard you worked
here, 1 felt I had to pull myself to
gether so I could take care of you. I
wanted to be able to offer you a home
where you could get away from this
Then there was a silence, during
which. If you had listened, you would
have heard nothing. Then from Rob
ert Ludlow: "How wonderful you are.
And from Vera : "You—you
are wonderful, too."
Robert and Vera left the Laurence
household In more confusion thnn they
found it. Confusion, of course, be
cause the mainstay and prop in the
guise of Vera was going. Tînt then
there was the satisfaction to Mrs. Lau
rence that she had succeeded amazing
ly well in this, her first effort in psy
Border Between United States and
Mexico Has Always Been Law
less Strip of Country.
The border between the United
States and Mexico has been for a long
time one of tiie most troubled, roman
tic and lawless in the western hemi
sphere. Not only do the Mexican revo
lutionists periodically stnrt something
by shooting or raiding across tlie line,
but this border also affords one of the
finest opportunities in tiie world for
smuggling. A large part of the opium
which is consumed by addicts In this
country ionics bv way of the Mexican
border, and an Illicit business in arms
ami ammunition goes
In tiie old days stealing horses in
Mexico, driving them across the river
and selling them In the United States
was a thriving Industry and It is prob
ably still carried on to some extent. In
the old days it was known politely
the "wet horse trade."
horses were often sold when they
still wet.
ile other way.
because the
The border country Is admirably en
dowed by nature for these lawless do
ings. It Is flat, near-desert country,
dry for farming, but not too dry to sup
port heavy thickets of chaparral and
mesqulte, which makes one of the dens
est and most impenetrable covers In (he
world. Thnt part of tiie country which
lies within the big bend of the Rio
Grande is an especially dense jungle
of this kind.
It swnrins with game.
The desert white tail deer, the peccary,
the wild turkey and Hie Mexican quail
are abundant.
This supply of wild
meat makes it easy for a Mexican out
aw who knows where Ihe water holes
are to hide out for long periods.
"How do you do,
luted the gent nt the door,
fvrlng, to the few persons In each com
munity who are
to apprei ,.ite it
work. This hook-"
"Book, liar?" interru;
son of Rumpus Ridge, Ark.
forget now what
sir!" suavely sä
"I am of
■ f sufficient culture
a valuable literary
'•I Gap John
"1 had a
'I was about.
• hough—for a good while, hut
six months nc
n lion f
I lie
uk and
gnawed it nil It fell t
wasn't no good o
liny nnoili, i'n un |„.
en rlli. \
use to
gets c
understand wluit a
book Is fur.''—
Kansas ( ' i I y Slur.
His Principal Objection.
ageul had
uiyor and at Hie
The lieuse
sounded Ills
to Hie
end tie
lentil rate In this suburb
in any other part of Hie
sald :
is lower than
conn 1 r.v "
"I believe you," said Hie
"I wouldn't lie found
in re
I .oniloii
Til Bits.
Rann-dom Reels
the tike <;r \i ;
r llB
\\T Ee
pneumatic tire
utiemprrr *
•Met *
every time they run over V ^
This guarantee dues not ,'.!!! S
thing until die man who 0 n ^
to collect a new casing ,, M 11 ,,.^ U ^
of a nine-inch blowout . !, ^ treil PA
1 11 ".v drii.
" ,lk '" assume
to b(
Dl'ice, (fin
people who
Ing over a pickle jar.
a threatening
mollified by paying the list
express both ways added.
When a new tire Is I
an,| lias
, , »uglit for
it Is guaranteed against various
of disease, any one of which
Its vitality and cause it in
in some unexpected place
understood that the
may sa ?
I HI P open
" Is tin,
owner is tn
Prop it
tarry 3a,,
pounds of Installment-plan nutomoS
and seven robust passengers
pounds of air, without givit
some vital spot and spoiling
evening for all concerned. If an ,
Justment Is not made at once, on a
basis of a new casing and tube th!
locnl dealer will lose one of the'beet
time customers In town.
up occasionally with air.
for a four-inch tire
It is
•n «•
,g w ay «
The tire guarantee does
net protect
the man who allows the Insidious sam
blister to crawl Into the casing throurt
a stone bruise and eat its way down
to the demountable rim without lutes
ference. There are two ways to trat
the sand blister. One is to have It m.
cunlzed by some leisurely artisan, uj
the other is to open It up with a jack
knife and wait for the
grand Unit
with a tight grip on the steering W |ie<L
Some tires are guaranteed longer
than others, and will last for
years if not driven to excess, jw
best way to presen e tires is to drt*
slowly around the block once a
and then put the car to sleep on sMs
over night. When a catalogue lion*
tire has been run 15,000 miles with™
Glass! you»
I'm a cuurui o»ivf»
I AM • YOU On ill FU
YWStLT T»»T Tl«g
IT llfT TK t
•T AfffAUS To
Glass <* so««
Tries to Collect a New Casing on the
Strength of a Ni ne- Inch Blowout
Caused by Running Over a Pickle
a puncture, it either proves that the
owner stole It from a truck or Is 1
massive and ormue liar. People
would have less lire trouble if thee
paid less attention to the guarantee
and more to the short, crisp warnings
of the tire tester.
The best kind of a tire guaranteed
a mixture of plain mule sense along
with the ability to dodge between the
three-cornered rocks which strew ihe
highway. Tiie man who sets hi*
brakes at 30 miles an hour and starts
his car with a Jerk that would dislo
cate the neck of a prize wrestler
doesn't need a guarantee so much 1 »
he does a guardian ad litem.
Ju^l Folks
To serve my country day by day
At any humble post I may;
To honor and respect her Flag.
To live the traits of which I brag;
To he American in deed
As well as In my printed creed.
To stand for truth and honest toll
To till my little patch of soil
And keep In mind the debt I owe
To them who died that I might know
My country, prosperous and free,
And passed this heritage to me.
I must always In trouble's hour
Be guided by tlm men In power;
For God and country I must live,
My best for God and country give;
No act of mine that men may sc* B
Must shame Hie name American.
To do my best and play my part,
American In mind and heart ;
'I'n serve Hie (lag and bravely stand
To guard tlie glory of my land;
lie American In deed,
Hod gran! me strength to keep U»
<('nnvr!irlit hv |*'«1rnr A
I Î 1
Tired of Canned Stuff.
"Ilouseeleanlug over?"
■'Nearly. "
"I certainly am.
igln y tiresome ns a
Sardines lieront*
regular diet"
"Having any success with your oulJ*
statid duwif
"Yes, Indeed. It makes a
thing ou which tu

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