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so i CLAIMS HE IS CZAR NICHOLAS * Claimant to Throne of Russia Reported to Be Gathering Support in Siberia. SAYS SERVANT WAS KILLED Present Soviet Government Has Of fered 2,000,000 Rubles for Alleged Pretender's Head—Pretenders of Bygone Days. New York.—A recent dispatch from London brings the Information that a man purporting to he Czar Nicholas II of Russia Is raising a large following In Siberia. According to his allega tions, he asserts that it was one of his faithful servants who was killed In his place by the bolshevik! at Ekat erinburg over two years ago. The pres ent soviet government hns offered a reward of 2,000,000 rubles tor this al leged pretender's head. If this man Is an Impostor another name can be added to the long list of pretenders to the crowns of Europe, lit bygone days some wore successful tn establishing (heir claims, while oth ers paid the penalty for their false allegations on the guillotine. One of the successful claimants to a throne of Europe proved to be a wise and able ruler. About 1493 a mysterious stranger appeared In Cork, Ireland, where the people greeted him ns the brother of Edward IV of England, but he denied this. They then claimed thnt he was the son of Richard III, and he denied tills too. But at length he admitted that he was the duke of York, one of the two princes whom it was believed Richard III had murdered in the tower of London. Members of the nobility came from England, and after questioning the stranger they were convinced that he was the duke of York. He then called himself Richard Plnntngenet, duke of York, son of Edward IV, and by right of succession Richard IV of England. Henry VII was Mien ruler of Eng land, and he did all In his power to thwart the designs of the new claim ant to the throne. He succeeded in driving him out of France by forcing Charles VIII to hnnlsh him, and he defeated him when he Invaded Eng land from Scotland. Richard IV then sought refuge In Cornwall and later marched on London nt the head of 7,000 Cornishmen who rallied to his banner, but he was defended and taken prisoner. Admitted He Wae Adventurer. It was said that Henry VII obtained n confession from him by torture. He admitted that he was one Perkin War beck, an adventurer from Picardy. After several weeks In the public stocks this pretender was executed. James II became unpopular by fa voring the church of Rome, so William nnd Mary were Invited to accept the throne of England, since Mary was the eldest child of Charles II. But a year before they assumed their regal duties it was announced that James' consort was about to present him with an heir. However, a rumor spread that James was about to pass off on the unsus pecting public as his heir a child that was not his own. The birth of Prince James Francis Edw-ard Stuart, who was known In later yenrs as the Chev alier St. George, was witnessed by persons not really believed by the people. The following year James II was forced to flee to France. Many years Inter the two daughters of Sir Thoophlius Oglethorpe, who was a faithful follower of James II, overheard By Frances Shnftoe, n seam stress, to remark that James Stuart, the Chevalier St. George, was their "brother. were One night the queen's In fant died of convulsions nt Windsor and Lady Oglethorpe brought her •nine days older, to the castle and he was substituted for the prince. Oglethorpe's daughters had Frances son. i , Polish Women Fighters Enjoy a Rest & : y *.-1 a H ' :*> h M ■SI r : ; mi, V * [ j i \ 'Vi K5 r : ■C I ; ! ! j I ; ! , i }y ; f: 1 k.m f -V 1 /t •' 2 : / Y i ;§ 1 fir *1 % fin ïw „ 11 , w - . - .V,viÄ.V wW.. Tins photograph, sent from Warsaw after Hie 1 » cn tint city, sliou-s members of the Legion ilshevll i spirted the drive . , , , , nten, fighters who helped to defend (heir city, laving their feet alter 11 hard day's march. f Polish W i Hhuftoc con lined in a French convent j when they learned she shared their ' secret, but she succeeded In sending word to her moth t. When it was pub lished that ( Iglet inrpe's son was sup- | posed to be the prince the Chevalier j St. George's plans in Scotland failed. Immediately aller Catharine and Pe tor III ascended the throne of ltus sin Catharine hat! her husband thrown into prison and later reported his American Boy Scouts in Paris ■ \A\ m tW 1 .: iX;: - - m iß m American boy scouts taking part in ceremonies at Paris during their re ception in that e ty. Two young girls symbolizing France and America, are sitting on the platform, before which the maneuvers were held. PRESERVE EGGS BY SOAP FILM Oklahoma Scientists Describe Method of Conserving Hen Product in Good Flavor. ALUMINUM SOi iP IDEAL SEALER Perfect Process Which Keeps Con tents of Egg Sweet and Leaves no Trace of Foreign Flavor—Result of Long Research. Chicago.—Eggs can now he pre served by putting on their shells a thin film of aluminum soap. The process, one of the newer methods employed In guarding the product of the lowly hen from spoilage, is de scribed In the outrent number of the Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry. Its description occurs In an article by Drs. Hilton Ira Jones and Robert Du Bols of the department of chemis try at the Oklahoma Agricultural and Mechanical college at Stillwater, Okla., who have made an intensive study of the subject. Those scientist) began their re searches on this line a year or so ago and have not only suggested important Improvements In egg preservation hut have prepared a cftalogue of the books and articles which constitute the first bibliography of the salvage of the egg. One-Quarter Spoilage. The practical Learlng of tlieir In vestigation is shewn by tlieir state ment that egg dealers handling util death. Five yours luter u strittiger who said lie was Czar Peter HI turned up in Montenegro. The people of that country were sorely In need of a ruler, so they asked the alleged Peter to lend their armies in buttle, and later he took over the reins of government un der the title of Stephen the Little, lie j established courts of law and bettered ' living conditions throughout the coun try. | negro was a power t j with, so she denounced Stephen ns an Impostor. He «as thrown into jail and a representative of Catharine vis ited him. Presumably they came to some agreement and Stephen was per mitled to return to his throne. Catharine soon learned that Monte be reckoned lions of do||ars » - v,i « r report losses from spoilage as high as 25 per cent. Beginning with the earliest expedi ent, thnt of burying or packing the eggs In an nir-llght substance, the au thors carry their scientific readers through the entire range of the litera ture of egg preservation from salt to water glass. They find various faults with the sealing agents employed. They then tried aluminum soap, and recommend It for further investigation nnd experiment. This substance can be prepared with soap solution, to which can be added a solution of .<011 li sait of aluminum, such as the alum of commerce, which is a sulphate of alu minum nnd potassium. Although tin* resulting precipitate Is technically a soap, It is Insoluble In water and must be dissolved by some such agent as gasoline, so that a film ntay be quick ly nnd cheaply formed upon the shell by dipping the eggs In a solution of it. The soap Itself Is odorless and taste less and therefore makes an idenl seal er, since It has no effect upon the egg. The experimenters found, however, that the usual solvent, gasoline, left a slight taste on the shell of the egg which was imparted to the contents. Two methods of solving the problem of obtaining a tasteless application were tried and both were successful. Wholly Satisfactory. "The first," to quote the authors, "was to protect the eggs by a prelim inary coating before sealing with the gasoline solution. The best agent for this purpose Is dilute sulphuric acid. When eggs are immersed in the acid effervescence continues for about ten seconds and censes ns a conting of cal cium sulphate is formed in the pores of the egg shells. The calcium sul phate nets as a polarizer nnd stops the reaction. The eggs are then dipped without drying Into the aluminum soap solution and placed In a special drip ping rack. The method of double sealing with surphurlc wholly satisfactory. The contents of the egg tire sweet, and no taste of g oline can lie detected. The extra cost of the preliminary sealing, either in time or money, is negligible. "'1 lie necessity of double dipping is without doubt a weakness nnd a bet add seems as ter solution of the problem was found. Gasoline Is composed largely of pen tane, a practically tasteless, odorless Since gasoline and colorless liquid, dissolves aluminum certain that its < would do so, nnd the problem was to prepare chemically a large scale. soap well, It is hief constituent pure pentane on "7-lie best method of preparing pen tane seems to he ihe reduction nf amy lene. A very convenient and cheap process of making nmylene or pen tane has recently been devised by Ur. Roger Adams. By fractional distliln lion practically odorless and tasteless pentane can he produced. ness with «hid î The cheap pentane can now he made and the facility with which the product can he used to diasolve alumi num fionp seem to make this solution of the probioin satisfactory In every way." 1 The opal shows its colors best when «arm. IDAHO NEWS PARA6RAPHS Recent Happenings In This Stale Given in Brief Items for Busy Readers. Rain Halts Fall Wheat Seeding. Seeding on Nez Perce prairie tarais an end Saturday heavy rains rendered the i was brought to when ground too soft to work. Gem Pupils Aid Children's Home. GEM. Idaho—The pupils of the pub lic school contributed $50 as a Thanksgiving gift to the children's home at Lewiston. "U" BEATS GONZAGA. SPOKANE.—With the score ted and with three minutes to play in the final quarter, Tom Kelley's University of Idaho gridiron machine Saturday snatched victory from the plunging Gonzagan's when Neil liv ing's toe lifted the ball between the goal posts from the 35-yard line and made it. Idaho 10, Gonzaga 7. Four thousand fans «'atclied the struggle. Bandit ets Stiff Term. MOSCOW.—Upon his plea of guilty of holding up and robbing 30 men in Winton Lumber company's camp No. 4, near Bovil, several weeks ago and confessing to a long criminal career, Reuben Taylor, alias .loseph Dillion, alias John Joseph, was sentenced to the penitentiary for from five years to life. Taylor will he taken to Bose as soon as a traveling guard ron es for him. 7*7 Ferdinand Farmer Robbed. LEWISTON—Marguerite Dowd, age 23, from Butte, Mont., was arrested recently as she alighted from the Orangeville train. Her alleged con federate, Harry Stone of Craigmont, is in jail at Nez Perce. They £.re charged with robbing William Mc Murray, a farmer, of Ferdinand, of his wallet, containing $400. When arrested Miss Dowd had $257 in her possession, $160 of which was sewed in the lining of her coat. Slit ac cuses Stone of stealing the wallet from under McMurray's pillow while he slept. Map Idaho Copper Deposits. The most, complete report ever pub lished of the copper deposits of the Seven Devils and adjacent districts has just been issued by the school of mines of the University of Idaho, of which F. A. Thomson is dean. Much of the work of securing the data was done by 1). C. Livingston and F. B. Laney, geologists for the school of mines. The hook contains lhs pages and is profusely illustrated with photographs of the districts, contour maps and sectional sketches and a number of large maps showing the mountain ranges of each district. Idaho University Head Arrives. MOSCOW.—Dr. Upham, the president of the University of Idaho, reached Miscow Wednesday morning to take up his work here. new Aged Miner Killed. ORANGEVILLE.—Harry Southard, aged 60 years, was killed by a cave in in a mining tunnel near Lucile cently. •e Acquires Stage Route. ORANGEVILLE— Lloyd Day h acquired the stage route of the Grangeville-Clearwater line from A. A. Smith, and will continue the regu lar daily mail service both ways be tween these points, a distance of 18 miles. as Judge Steele at Wallace. MOSCOW.—At the request of Gov ernor Davis, Judge Edgar C. Steele of the district court here has gone to Wallace, Idaho, to hold court in Snohomish county. Northern Pacific Road to Extend. ORANGEVILLE.—The Northern I cific railway, it is reported, will < tend its line from Stites to meet the South Fork highway upon its comple tion, and continue into the Elk Cl basin via the South fork of the Clet water as speedily as mining condi tions justify the new construction. From the highway to Stites Is 19 miles, and the railroad would thsn follow the South fork to Harpster and beyand. 'a IX ty ir INDICT SGUAR MEN ON SIX COUNTS Butte Grand Jury Charges Utah Idaho Sugar Company Profiteered Too Much. BUTTE.—Following indictments 1 turned some time ago in Utah, Idali and South Dakota on charges of v; lations of the Lever act, the Utalh Idaho Sugar company was indict here November 27 by a feedral grand jury ou six counts which allege ing of sugar at an excess profit 13.421 cents a pound. e o, o Ml se of SIXTEENTH BANK IN NORTH DAKOTA CLOSE n Benson County Institution's Depleti Reserve Cause Suspension. id FARO, N. D. in Benson The State Bank if county, did not î open Monday, according to ad vie to Fargo hanks. Tills la the sixteen h North Dakota hank to close on count of depleted reserves in tv weeks. The bank's cashier said th 1 xpected lo reopen. Tokio H 1 ( - o •y Smallpox Rages in Haiti. PORT AU PRINCE, smallpox epidemic still is raging at|d has reached the American marin Nearly 500 native cases are In the hospitals. Haiti. T <* H. > ENLARE SCOPE OF RECLAMATION DETAILS Work on Plana to Secure Recognition Huring Coming Session of Congress. BOISE, Idaho.—A meeting of the executive committee of the Western the States Reclamation Association, to gether with the executive committee of the Northwest Reclamation League i and the League of the Southwest, will be held In Salt Lake December 10 and 11 to take action on the proposed increase of from $50,00 Oto $100,000 in the budget with which to make a drive on congress. This action was recommended by officers of the Northwest Reclamation League in ses sion here. a in to es The conference was .attended hv Washington, Wy représentatives from Oregon, Idaho, Montana and otning. Those present went on rec ord as favoring the enlarged cam paign of activity proposed in the budget of the Northwestern league. This plan calls for sending of a com mittee of seven to Washington to carry on an intensive campaign for the promotion of the interests of reclamation in the west. AVALANCHE ON MONT BLANC SWEEPS DESTRUCTIVE PATH Wide Area Laid Waste When Gigantic Block Descends—Falls Two Thousand Feet. GENEVA.—The unprecedented ex tensive avalanche which descended from the summit of Mont Blanc into the Italian valley of Courmayeur has caused greater havoc than was first reported. Several square kilometers are covered with blocks of ice, tree trunks and boulders, and near the village of Portud a pine forest, cele brated for its antiquity and the size of the trees, was completely uprooted. A mountain torrent named the Doire was dammed up by the debris and overflowed the hanks so that the vil lage of Portud escaped only by a miracle. The avalanche fell through the air a distance of about 2000 feet, alight ing on the Brenva glacier and carry ing away a portion. The detonation was so powerful as to shake houses 60 miles away. of ac of of B. of a GRAB EX-KAISER'S PROPERTY IN FULL Socialists in Germany Want Direct Action on Huge Personal Holdings. BERLIN. -Failing to win sympathy by attacking the Hohenzollerns in the reichstag the majority of the socialist party have decided to demand the confiscation of the entire properties possessed by the former kaiser and crown prince. They will voice their demands in the coming session of the Prussian assembly. According to reliable sources of in formation the kaiser's maining In ermany is estimated at 1,000,000,000 marks ($250,000,000 the pre-war rate). The outgoing Ho henzollerns increased their riches ormously by all sorts of shaky deals ever since they hoodwinked Bismarck by exchanging certain estates. in property re •e at A. 18 en as THREE HELD IN DEATH MY8TERY Former Wife of Georgia Peach King and Kin Arrested Charged With Poisoning. in 19 FORT VALLEY, Ga. Warrants charging murder in connection with the death last June of Fred D. Shep ard, known as the "Georgia peach king,'' were served Saturday on Mrs F. E. Elmer, former wife of the (teach grower; Mrs. lone Henry, sister of Mrs. Elmer, and Ernest Hopson, of Mrs. Elmer by a former marriage. Arrest of the three was ordered after a pathologist and a chemist had testified at a coroner's Investigation that a postmortem examination Shepard's body revealed the presence of ttoison. 'a IX son ty ir of GERMAN RADICALS SEE REVOLUTION Pr ° 9ram Prepared for Proletarian Uprising in Near Future Extremists Aver. HALLE, Saxony.—German leaders declare that a program hns been prepared with the aid of pronii m-nt Russian communists to start a revolution in Germany to set dictatorship of the proletariat, say the attempt to government will he as the more extreme element of the independent socialist party lms footed an organization which, in the opinion of tlieir leaders, would have some chance of success. radical e o, o up a They overthrow the made as soon per n More Cargo Ships Withdrawn. WASH INTON. Nineteen Ilian 10(1,(100 o ho withdrawn cargo steamers, deadweight Ioiih, are 1 from service and tied and In Pacific and gulft ports order» iBHucd totaling mort if h up at Norfolk 1 under H •enlly by tli »hip* '•'he largest vessel to he withdrawn is the 9410 deadweight ton Steamer Yosemite, to lie tied the Pacific - pin« board. o ui» on coast. Baltimore ains a Few Negroes. The <* WAHHINTON. negro popula lion of Baltimore, Mil., Is 108,390, the census bureau announced ,.,. recently I lie total white population Is 625,074. POULTRY Î flocks KEROSENE CURES SCAU '' legs One Application Usually |. to Remove Trouble Efficient Remed Suffit, ~ Other it* li. Scaly legs In fowls "f myriads which burrow * a d small ' as<! - tl*. farssii,, sen in result Of under t h of the leg, and ns these , , 1111 * 1*1 burrow under, these . f)1 - T larged and'loosen fron, q le e ? me ««■ the birds are seen ph-u,,,, ... ;?■ much of the time which proves the parasites cause irritation If tile disease Is a ||, disturbed It sometimes the body becomes iuiv. ' sttmii n 11 «• '"'ed to r happen* ''"d and H, 0 Ho î,,,. that hit-,!' ■/■Mm î- % sv m vt A Case of Scaly Leg*. may finally die of exhaustion, once lost a fine hen fft this way, not remedy, which : advantage- j at home, j remedies which j will remove the trouble, hut none is (»etter titan common ken knowing the cause oi ls very simple, and has the of always being available There are different >s*-ne. says > I writer in Successful Farming. To up. ply. take the fowl In the hands, hold the legs together and immerse them. I full length. In a can filled with keriv sene; hold (hero there two or ihr« One application will usually cure, but sometimes n second applirj. tlon Is necessary, half and half, h remedy, as is also common machine oil, or just common axle grease well J rubbed in, two or three times at in tervals of throe days. Soon the scale* j will drop off and the legs become j smooth and clean. minutes. Lard and kt-rosen*. ] another excellent The roosts should nlso be cleaned off well and rubbed with machine-oil, which will help to rid the fowls of scaly legs and red mites, as well. This same remedy Is also good in ease of lice. Keep roosting poles well oiled and rub a little lard under wings and around vents of infested Birds nnd they may he kept practically free from these pests. TURKEYS FOR THANKSGIVING Begin Feeding Small Ration in Morn ing and Larger One at Night Boll Alt New Corn. The middle of October Is not to* I early to begin fattening turkeys for I Thanksgiving. A pound of turkey »III 9 bring in far more than the grains I that produce It nre worth on tin- mar- | ket. Begin feeding a'small ration In the morning, and n larger one nt night. If the turkeys nre overfed In 11» morning, they will not go out to for age, and will thus lose the liest port of tlieir fattening ration—the natural food of bugs, grasshoppers and worms; they will also lose the appetite which foraging gives. The night meal may be n nuisit made of boiled new corn, potato nnd other vegetable skins, 1 with or without bran. Do not gh'* new corn without boiling, ns it is apt j to cause bowel trouble In the tur- J keys. Sour milk Is n most valuable ' addition to the ration. Keep cracked chnrconl and grit before them. Don't give them all they will eat the first feed: use the same caution In getting turkeys on full feed that you would They must use for fattening lings, bo kept free from lice, nnd ln denn, dry roosting quarters. FATTEN COCKERELS IN YARD Give Two Meals a Day of Mixture *1 Cornmeal, Beef Scraps and Bran Mixed With Milk. well A healthy cockerel «III fallen In two weeks If confined In a yard "■ moderate size and meals a day of a mixture of cornmcin. mid n III"« mcnl. furiilslicl t« 0 ground nuts, lieef scraps byim mixed with milk. Another llic evening feed, should consist most ly of cracked corn. I'lenly of grit **•"' cliurconl should he furnished •I 1 *''* 1 ' ... so Unit their digestion n**Y lie of the liest. GRAINS DEFICIENT IN LIME j of EM Material for Manufacture Shell» I* Lacking In Food Given to Fowls. Fowls need more lime (i'uli'l 11111 limn Is ordinarily found In ih>' lr ' n ' ' Most grains ami somo oilier foods w deficient in lime, and nelilur the 1 lt: ii bulky , I n ring >11011 nor the duck can cat food to make good shells heavy laying period, oyster shells or ground bone ply lids need, provide a regular supply V, "E 10 Till- II""' •Ill siiP •tant f<> .„tiidl* It Is also tiiipui foods rich In lime.