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IN ASIA MINOR 'American Woman Physician Tells of Osman Agah, Known as Tyrant of Kerasoom." « ACKNOWLEDGES NO MASTER Threaten* to Kill Anyone Who Aldo Suffering Armenians In Any Way Dr. Norton Contracts Trachoma While Treating Children. New York.— If science eventually succeeds In checking the ravages of trachoma, the scourge of ancient Egypt, and since tbc beginning of his tory one of the most baffling of human ailments, the achievement Will be due In no small measure to Dr. Blanche Norton, an American woman physician, who herself contracted the disease while treating Greek and Armenian or phans In the Near East relief orphan age In Kerasoom, a little village on the Asia Minor coast of the Black sea. Though suffering severely from a virulent attack of the malady, Dr. Nor ton came to Constantinople, and dur ing her treatment—one of the most painful known to physicians—she con tinued her efforts In behalf of the tra rhomous thousands of the Levant. As ■ result, a hospital has been opened tn the Sultan's capital capable of car ing for about 400 Greek and Armenian orphans at one time. In recognition of her service at Ker asoom, where her patients were large ly orphans of Greek parentage, the Greek government conferred on her the War Cross of King George—the first woman to be so honored. 25 Per Cent of Children Afflicted. "Trachoma Is more prevalent and a greater menace than we realize," Dr. Norton declared on returning to New York to complete her treatment In the Armenia and Greek orphan ages In Constantinople an extensive survey revealed more than 25 per cent of the children suffering from the dts In addition, there are thou sands of adults and Turkish children to the city who become Infected." The high degree of contagion of tra ense. CARGO SHIP RUN BY ELECTRICITY ■Xr Eclipse, Soon to Go Into Service, First American Ship Driven by Such Power. COST OF OPERATION IS CUT Reduced Consumption of Oil and Number of Crew 8la«he« Expense in Half—Admiral Benaon Strong for Electrio Drive. Washington.—The first electrically propelled cargo vessel to fly the American flag will be placed In serv ice at this port within the next few weeks by the United Stotes Shipping Board. The vessel will fly the house flag of the International Mercantile Marine company and will be used by that concern In trans-Atlantic trade. The Eclipse, as the ship has been christened, will mark tbe Introduction of electricity ns u motive power for merchant ships, the use of this power In the past having been confined to nnvnl vessels. ■ The shipping board Is already so confident of the success of tlie Eclipse that construction of several other freighters similarly powered has been started. The Eclipse Is of 12,000 dead weight tons, 440 feet long and 60 feet beam. Her electrical propul sion machinery was built by the Gen eral Electric company at Schenectady, and Installed by the Vulcan Irotf Works of Jersey city. ! Driving a ship by electricity means ; revolving the propeller shaft from a motor. To supply the power to turn this motor a generator must he oper ated somewhere else in the vessel, just ns generators In power houses make current for street railways. On hoard ship these generators may be driven by an economical steam turbine or by e Diesel engine. Co«t of Operation Cut In Half. The records of the electrically driv en New Mexico of the United States navy, show that oil consumption Is lowered about one-third by the use of electricity ns motive power and the cost of operation Is cut In half, prin cipally as a result of the reduced num ber of men necessary In engine room crews. It Is not only possible for an officer to operate an "electric ship" with «mall levers from the bridge, but, if need he, virtually the entire engine room mechanism can be hnndled by one man. Among the many advan tages attached to electricity as power are the added hull space for cargo and the greatly reduced fuel consumption. The first application of the electric drive principle was made on a vessel i resembling closely the merchant ship, j although the first reully successful craft to use this power was the naval collier Jupiter, launched In 1912. jtvas tills ship that proved conclusively ' sea It Society Woman Weds Policeman "V m 9S». M 'w W pi - v f '■ÿ h % M mu % : : x " f t ■i > •* I >. $ (fe ll m X M ■■ m ; y -w' v. W: X i! j x f i I Louise Q. Beavor, society woman of New York, and Thomas J. Leonard, a mounted policeman, who were wed secretly not long ago. The bride Is re lated to many prominent families, and is a well-known horsewoman, and the groom has been a member of the Central park mounted squad for several years. chôma, according to Dr. Norton, Is one of Its worst aspects. She caught It when one of the children she was treating was Belzed with a violent fit of sneezing and shook a tiny molecule of the discharge from his eyes Into hers. "Maybe It Is a good thing that I caught the disease, however," she said. "I begin to think that sometimes It Is well for a doctor to suffer from the disease he or she treats to any ex tent. Until I had to undergo the treat ment I never realized the pain that I Inflicted on those tiny little waifs In the damp schoolhouse cellar In Kera soom where they were segregated." "Tyrant of Kerasoom." It was while treating these orphnns that Dr. Norton met Osman Agah, "the tyrant of Kerasoom," an erstwhile flsh that electricity could be used fully In seagoing vessels. When Admiral W. S. Benson chief of naval operations he aged the adoption of the electric drive for naval vessels. After he had retired from the navy nnd was appointed to hls present position os chairman of the shipping board hls Interest enlisted again In the electric drlv the most economical method of atlng merchant vessels. Economical, Say« Benson. The admiral Is the first chairman of the shipping board to favor of merchant fleet. "I am convinced," be said, possibilities of electricity In chant marine. "We have demonstrated on our bat tleship that the electric drive Is more economical than the ordinary drive. We must save every gallon of fuel oil that we possibly can, and when I say coal I say It with a good deal of regret, because our competitors will contend that we must go hack to coal burning; that we cannot get oil In all parts of the world, or that it doesn't pay, or something like that, ever give up fuel-oll, unless get something better, we might as well take to the woods, nnd cut timber for our fuel, foreign competitors ... than an oll-fiftl basis." success was eneour was e as oper come out In an electrically operated Brazilian "Varmint" Caught, Shelby, Ky.—A Brazilian marsupial, ! an unillt111 the size of a - rut hut ; 8eni Uling a 'possum, was found !n l,unc * 1 °* bananas here nnd Is on ex Motion, 'of the our mer If we we can We can't compete with on any other re a Polish Peasants Helping Their Army > ■x iH I I ! : u fe' 'j'i C" l \ 1 I m i ■ s I ; j t Tp] s ls Su. . " yS* ' "y-,.**, . 7,; ,% -i f r ! i V#///. ■■y/ùi. ä % I» putting up barbed-wire entanglements along ilit- l;nssla,i l ollsh front. I lie peasant folk form a large part of the I'ollsh army and are not actually in the army always give service whenever possible, uctual photograph from the war zone. those who an erraan who fought In the World war, returned with a wooden leg, and be came a hero In the eyes of hts towns people. "He Is the most fearful creature 1 she said. 'The native ever saw, Christians that have so far escaped Ids wrath live In abject terror of him and of the band of mountain robbers that he has surrounded himself with. "Few Armenians are left In the town. Most of them died of starva tion In the streets, with no one to help them. For Osman had promised to have killed Immediately anyone who might dure to feed or aid them In any way. He has placed oil and gasoline nil about the outskirts of the town and had threatened to set It afire and drag all the Greek population to the mountains if allied warships or hilled troops attempt to move against him. He Is holding the leading Greeks of the city as hostages. No Christian Is allowed to leave the city. Mustapha Keraal himself could not move him, for Osman acknowledges no one to be hls mnster. He Is the most absolute tyrant that, I believe, has existed since the days of Imperial Home. "The brigands that this creature has gathered about him are at once the most fearful and the most wonderful group of men I have ever seen." Cyclone Tosses Boy Into Tree Branches Santa Clara, Cal.—A high wind that passed through Snntn Clara tossed J. BIngwall, a 15 year-old boy, Into a tree, knocked over George Campra and a horse he was hitching, uprooted fruit trees, demolished several private garages and caused considerable minor -damage. It was said by local residents to have been the first wind of Its kind since 186S. Glass skylights from an es tablishment belonging to walnut growers were blown Into the street and smashed, and lumber from lumber yards was scatter ed several hundred yards. One private gnrage ported to have been carried for ty feet and an automobile moved from the side of the street to the center of the roadway. was re A Veteran Leading a Novice. Ky—George Williamson, aged ninety-six. reckons lie 1ms voted 75 times during the last seventy-five years. This election will tie eighteenth In which he has voted for a president. The experience, however, will be brand new to Mrs. Lucinda Williamson, aged seventy-six, hls wife, who Is casting her first vote. Milton tlie BEST TIME TO BE6IN WITH POULTRY FLOCK Pullets Are to Be Preferred When Obtainable. Fowl* Selected Should Be Well Ma tured So They Will Begin Produo ing Egge Before Severe Win ter Weather Sets In. Beginnings in poultry raisins may be nmile at any time of the year, hut the fall Is perhaps the best time for small poultry keepers to make their start. Obtain pullets whenever possi ble rather than older liens, say ex perts of the United States department of agriculture. The pullets selected should be well matured so they will lay before colif weather set« in. Here are the signs of maturity In pullets: Ited color of the comb, and size and growth which are creditable for the breed or variety raised. Ma ture hens lay few eggs, if any, during the fall and early winter, while they are molting. Well-matured pullets, on the other hand, should lay fairly well and give an lnimedlnte return on the Investment. When pullets are to be purchased It Is desirable to go to some farmer )ZS\ \ ÉÉ 111 - ■ . -s» S Well-Matured Barred Plymouth Rock Pullet or poultryman of known dependability, Even If delivery of the. birds is not de sired for several weeks or months. It may pay to make arrangements for ob taining the desired number of pullets Inter at an agreed price. GOOD SUBSTITUTES FOR HAY Corn Fodder Can Be Made Most Sat iafactory Roughage Feed for Farm Animals. The short hay crop Ibis year in cer tain localities will make the hay sell at a high price In those places, situation has brought many men to the question of what is to he done for feed. The answer to this problem can be found without going off the farm, In many cases, feed blows to the wind every year in our cornfields, made one of the very satisfactory feeds for use with cattle and rough age for other animals?'Corn fodder, il It Is to he made into a good feed, should be handled as carefully as otli er feeds. It should he cut when tht kernels are glazed and before a killing frost. Shocks should he of a medium size and well tied, so that the feed will be properly preserved. Oat straw where It Is not rusted, makes a very good feed for the wintering of horses Straw or corn stover will not take the place of clover or alfalfa hay for feed lng dairy cattle or in the fattening of other animals, hut with stock which is being roughed through, it can In used very satisfactorily. This A great deal of good Corn fodder can be TO PREVENT GARLIC FLAVOR Where Found in Small Patches Fence Off and Paature Grase to Sheep or Other Animals. Garlic flavor In milk may he pre vented by keeping the cows away from the garlic or wild onions. If they arc found only In small spots of the pas ture they may frequently lie fenced off and the grass pastured h.v young stock, sheep or horses. But if the garlic Is pretty well distributed the objectionable flavor can he reduced to a minimum by taking the cows from the pasture at least four hours before milking. At noon put them In the barn or in a pasture free from garlic. LATE CHICKS REQUIRE CARE Plentiful Supply of Sour Milk Help* to Produce Rapid Growth—Fur nish Dry Mash. The late hatched chicks can seldom made as profitable ns early hatched stock, hut the handicap of age can he partially made up by good enro. Chicks hat are hatched during hot weather oust have shade provided for them. Plenty of sour milk helps to produce a rapid, vigorous growth. Keep a dry mnsli before them at all times and have It pays to the hopper wide enough so that the most vigorous chicks will not crowd the chicks away. SUCCESS IN TURKEY RAISING jne of Moot Important Factora la Proper Selection of Fowl« for Breeding Purpose. One of the most Important steps to urd success In turkey raising is the coper selection of breeding ■ irds for breeding should lie selected "r vigor, size, shape, ally maturity, and color by stock n strong hone of plumage. DOCKAGE PLAN OF FEDERAL GRad^ M |v ' tf ** Tail Cross Srclion Tine Seed s j TMaMLng' MbSt ard Dockage Free Àhetct a# "■V A * w. ;y m: - •/. i r ?A mm P m ü ' *.Â W«. JL & I vmm m r Ku,»»i*n Thistle Bitter Hook fc^usrter : X. 4 ft: *■ agjg ; it * 't ! • M? n •>/ •:> 5 Ï: Sow Thistle jjj m 4 tlx m Pi* Weed ■m y Fb\#t ard 3ec6 : v M: Weed Seeds Found in Wheat May Seriously Affect Its Value. Tlie percentage of dockage Is an essential factor In arriving at the true value of a lot of wheat. This dockage may con sist of either useful or harmful foreign materials. The various methods of han dling dockage should be care fully Investigated and the one that is best suited to the needs of the local conditions should he adopted. When a large percentage of dockage Is present In wheat It Is advisable to remove It on the farm or at the point of shipment and thus avoid paying the freight for the dirt, chaff, weed seeds, etc., on the basis of the rate for wheat. The farmer should get a high er numerical grade for hls wheat under the dockage system of the federal grades than he would un der a system of grading that does not require a determination for dockage hut lowers the grade on account of the totul foreign nmteriul present in the wheat marketed at country points. The dockage system in opera tion protects the farmer from the possibility of low prices fixed by the local buyer In or der to insure a safe purchase on a flat-rate basis. Write the bureau of markets, United States department of ag riculture, Washington, for a bul letin discussing "Dockage Under the Federal Wheat Grades," It will be sent free on request. In grading wheat under the federal standards one of the fundamental principles Is to determine tlie numeri cal grade on a dockage-free basis; that Is, the dockage Is first removed from tlie sample and the grade deter mination Is made on the clean or dock ngo-fTce wheat. A few exceptions to this principle are noted in the follow ing pages. What Is dockage? It Is the foreign material screened from a sample of wheat to be graded, by the use of ap propriate hand sieves or other clean ing devices, such as those approved by the United States department of agriculture. It consists of sand, dirt, weed seeds, weed stems, chaff, straw, grain other than wheat, any other for eign material, nnd In ccrtuln cases some finely broken nnd small shriv eled kernels of wheat. The purpose of the (lockage provi sion in the wheat standards Is to ena ble the person grading the representa tive sample to determine the approxl ! I Ry<? Barley P!*mr tf* % . V f Blnkorn Corn lpt1 1 fir *. 2 «» 'if..-.:. Rice flr*in Sorghum* oat* Cereal Grain Seed«. mule amount of easily separated for elgn material that Is In ihe lot of wheat. Dockage Is therefore approx imately tin* percentage of foreign ma cun he readily removed from the lot if wheat by the ordinary commercial types of cleaning machin ery commonly found In grain elevators and mills. terlul which The dockage test Is made about 1,000 two ami which should ordinarily grains onc-qunrter const Hute by weighing wheat (ahum •f pounds). representative used Instead of other units I'm n determining percent ages. a sample. Grams are ease The dockage is separated from 1,000-gram sample by screening wj|1 , the proper hand sieves or by using.. approved cleaning device such as |, described under the heading "Detalta Description of the Method of D et(t mining Dockage." The dockage », separated Is weighed and the percent, age is found, based on the tom weight of the sample Including it, dockage. If the amount of dnekat is below 1 per cent It is disregard* For example, if only one-half of 1 ^ cent foreign material is no dockage Is assessed, half of 1 per cent, however, would not thli SO separat* This (int ehe»» Kingheod Cockl» Verch tthnel Will P Vi! WiM Buckwheat . Carl to Will Owtoa Various Weed Seed*. be returned to the sample used In de I termlnlng the g hade, if per mt 1 of dockage Is separated, 1 fier cent of I dockage would he Indicated In assign- I Ing the grade. 1 After the dockage is removed U» I clean sample Is used In detennlniof I the grade, save for a few eiception«. I Dockage does not affect the grade si- I signed to the wheat. If 1 percenter j more of separable foreign material I* j found, dockage Is assessed. In Inspei I tlon certificates It is indicated Inune I dlately after the statement of the grade designation, as "No. 1 northern spring, dockage 1 per cent," "No. 1 northern spring, dockage 2 per ceut." j "No. 2 red winter,dockage 1 percent.' etc. Forelgn Material in Wheat The foreign material usually fouu'i In wheat may become mixed with ti* wheat while growing, or with the grain at the time of threshing, or In the elevator or other place of storag* during (lie various processes of ha» f illlng or marketing. The presence»! j foreign material In wheat at the tl mi> of threshing may be the result of Im pure seed, or of certain weather con ditions which are unfavorable to thf growth of wheat plants but favorable to the growth of weeds. If the swl cleaned, test<' | l - • planting, if «ire I 8 is carefully selected, and treated hefort ! exercised | n ihe' cultivation and cW I rotation, and if the wheat Is enreful 1 ' cleaned hi the time »I oixlinnrlly threshed and threshing, there should he very little foreign miller when the crop Is marketed, elgn material In wheat may seriously iai present Tin* f° r ' H ofiell In affect its value lit llml creases the cost of milling and Injury to the linking qunliiles of Ri | i |r considered I» Therefore, i lui t factor Is the Inspecting nnd grading of "bi» 1 The nimiunl of dockage present bu» 'J -■-ln I v»lne »< Especially " h '' n hearing upon tin.. a loi present tn large amounts. It Is » lor of considerable Iniporinnce parties interested In the iiuirketlup wheat. if fir to Hu' or storage of grain. There are two terms In *•'»* wheat standards which apply ,u '' „«•»»*■ ■»'•Ä fislir* 1 elgn umicrliil— material other (hun dockage." Is the foreign material tb« of wbff" lllll» 1 I « ge" separated from Ihe sample h.v the correct use of nppmprl#l* ] niiier lb»" muterlul sieves. "Foreign mil terlul dockage" Is the foreign Is not separated til the screciillUt remains In the dockage free »»" not affect tbe t the welg'" "Forelpi 111,1 f*cl» r »n't "Dockage" does hut sometimes does a IT«', of the wheat to he sold, terlul other Ilian dockage" I» * c In the grading, nnd permitted within ages are uierleul grade.