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OFFICIAL PAPER OF CLEARWATER COUNTY OROFINO, CLEARWATER COUNTY, IDAHO VOLUME X NUMBER 85. FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 16, I98t * — REX THEATRE PRESENTS The Soul of Y outh" by Julia Crawford Ivers Thursday, Fri M Saturday u THE STORY OF A BOY. AND JUDGE LINDSEY'S COURT, A STORY THAT WILL WARM YOUR HEART WITH LOVE AND SYMPATHY FOR THE MANY OR PHAN CHILDREN WHO KNOW NOTHING OF THE COMFORTS OF HOME. GIVING YOU AN INSIGHT OF THE WORKINGS AND RESULTS OF JUDGE LINDSEY'S COURT. JUDGE LINDSEY AND HIS WIFE BOTH APPEAR IN THIS GREAT PICTURE. September 22, 23, 24 DONKEY AND THE LION'S SKIN 'J THE Also Aesop's Fable 9 9 Cartoon Comedy u WRITES ENTERTAININGLY OF El HISTORY OF THE NEZ PERCE INDIANS Pictured, and Written by J. P. Har lan, Giving a Graphic Descrip tion of Early Day Events. up (Continued from last week) The women dressed in a shirt like garment that At loosely and reached below the knees and leggings and moccasins. It might he ornamented with gaudy colored porcupine quills wrought in fancy patterns, feathers and elk teeth. They sometimes wore a hat made from bark and Aber. The .children were dressed much the same. In summer they all dressed more nagllgee. After they began trading with the whites they obtained beads, and the clothing of both sex was often highly ornamented with them. Like other tribes, the Nez Perce remained skin dressed until the fur traders came among them. | Then they soon became blanket Indians, using the blanket for an outer covering, but they used skins up to later times, let me not forget, It was a piece of sea shell fastened In the nose which gave them the name of Pierce Nose or Nez Perce. Shortly after the advent of the whites they quit this custom. The principal diet of the Nez Perce at this time was Ash, roots and meat, the dependency in the order named. The salmon made their annual runs Into all their streams. They were taken In great quantities and prepared by diying for the rest of the season's use. They procured their Ash by div nets, traps, spears and hooks. The dip nets were made of a pole with a willow and Aber net. Fish traps or weirs were made of poles and stakes interlaced with willow switches, with daring outwlngs where the Ash were impounded and taken out by dip nets or spears. Their spears were long light poles with two slender prongs, at one end, two pieces of hard wood, like yew (or Iron when they got It), were shaped and sharpened and a piece of buckhom split in two and each half hollowed out and the end of the two halves wrapped tightly with tendon about one end of the sharpened stick, at the ume time wrapping In a thong of buckskin. The other end of the buckhorn making the spear head, was still more hollowed out so aB to At tightly over the ends of the »lender prongs and the long buckskin thong was tied back of the prongs. The spear wus cast by throwing or Jabb ing. The Bpear heads would pass through a Ash. the prongs withdrawn, leaving the thongs to hold the Ash while landing It. The Indian was clev er In handling the .spear. Their Ash hooks were made of buck horn by toughening In hot water, shap ing, sharpening and bending it while hot. A Ash line was made of Aber of root, several shreds being twisted to gether. The Nez Perce of this early time, and when Lewis and Clark came among them, were very expert canoe men. Clark relates this In an Instance. He was down the river on what Is now the Chase farm, opposite the mouth of the North Fork, where he had found suitable timber to make their large eanoes, In which to AniBh their trip to the coast. He and his party started back up the river for their (camp a short ways below -the mouth of Ford's creek. Two Indians with their caroe started about the same time and ar rived in time to set the party across the river. I I as Their canoes were of the Chinook type, and made by burning, sere ping and hewing, and were light and ser vicable, being mostly made of cedar, but pine was often used. They pro pelled the canoe up stream by poling and down by paddling. They used the canoe In fishing, in visiting their fish weirs and in moving their abodes up and down the rivers when not mov ing overland. They could not visit all their fish weirs by canoe, One of their best Ashing places where they had weirs was near the head of the Loch sa, which they visited by traveling the old Lolo trail. The two principal root diets were kamas (or quamash) and kouse. Kamas grew abundantly in the open meadows of the timbered areas, Weippe being one oi the greatest summer camping places when gath ering this root. The arangemont meadows were frequented and much grew in the Craig Mountain sec ion and Kamas Prairie. Kouse grew more along the breaks of the val leys. Potlatch creek was a favorite place for it. It was 1 very labori ous and tedious process to gather enough of these roots and prepare them for the winters use. There were many other roots and plants eaten by these Indians, *«d berries were gathered and prepared for stor age. In pinched food periods a c r tain moss of the trees ^nd the inner bark of the pine was eaten. All the details of this will not be fol lowed out in this article. Meat was another favorite diet they procured when they could. Deer and elk belonged to tlje same habi tat with them. But the crude wea pons in use by them at the time made it hard and uncertain to ob tain the quantity desiied. They re sorted to strategy of various kiidi to get within range 4ith their ar rows. In winter a large pariy would get on snowshoes and attempt to encircle a bunch of deer or elk ami when the snow was d«fep enough to hamper the actions of their quarry they would be quite successful in making a good kill. But the w n ters were frequently unfavorable for this. of of a ar [rick was to Another favorite fix up the head of the deer with all the fore part of the skin attached. The neck was made t<i look natural by a set of hoops firing Inside. An Indian would conceal (himself in the remaining skin, place himself on the edge of an openlAg near a thicket In sight of deer and then go through the maneuver* of a de r feeding. Some tlmea other Indians I would camouflage themselves In the thicket. The decoy might bring tha game close up, then the Indian-- con. eealed would let drive their arrows and make their kill. After the Nez Perce obtained the pony, they used. It In the chaee of the deer and elk. Bat thto cou'ri only be done in the jtpen country, much of their land betyig rough and broken or timbered, their skill would be very limited througlt nis method The continuation of thto interest ing story will appear In next week's Issue of the Républicain. COUNTY COMMISSIONERS MET | MONDAY SEPTEMBER 18 The Board of County Commission ers met on Monday, September 12, to make tax Ivies for present year. The real property valuations for year 1921 Is $8,489,611.00 and th: county levy» fixed by the Board is as follows: Current Expense General Bridge. General Road... General School.. Is r All ob re .006 .0006 .0025 .006 .013 Total County Levy State Levy . Total State and County Levy .019 Predatory animal tax on sheep .001 Predatory animal tax on cat tle, horses and hogs.0026 Levy of .0026 on all property in county and state highway. The total :real property va'ua tlon In 1920 was $8,760,102.00 and the tota levy was thesame as this .006 year. The only ' difference in s parate levies Is in the state, and county current expense. The State levy this year to thr e tenths of a mill less than last year and the county current expense levy Is three-tenths of a mill more for 1921 than for 1920. The valuation of the personal roll will be about $100,000.00, making the grand total county valuation for the present year about $8,600,000. CARD OF THANKS. We sincerely appreciate the kind ly assistance and encouragement of friends and neighbors during the sickness of our beloved husband and dear father and are also grateful for expressions of comfort In our bereavement. We especially thank the Modern Woodmen and Royal ! Neighbors for sympathetic acts of 1 fraternity. Mrs. S. H. Rodgers, Mrs. J. W. Rodgers. |L m W * |P^lAÏÏ?ICTôii^l THE So£ofYOUTH* j 1 o A WILLIAM 0. TAYLOR PRODUCTION. REVIVAL SERVICES INTEREST AAANY The revival services at the Chris tian church are now in the seer ni week, audiences and interest are on the increase. You are missing some services worth while if you hove not been attending these meetings. Make your plans to be there. Don't miss one of the services. Mr. Jope Is a real bible teacher, able to im part his knowledge to others. He believes the bible and mak s no apology for its teachings. Mrs. Jope Is conducting afternoon meetings for boys and girls, besides telling stories at the evening meet-j ings. Subjects for the week follows: Friday—Special service, boys a d girls smile chorus will have charge of the music. Sermon, "Power of a Life." Saturday—"Just a Little Girl." Sunday—10:00 a. m. bible school, attend this school. A. M. Memor ial Stories. 7:00 p. m.. Christian Endeavor. 7:45 p. m. "The Crime of the Church." Monday—"Riding to Four Anchor-." Tuesday—"Tabernacle Types." Wednesday—"Four Men Under One Hat." Thursday—"Chart Sermon." A cordial invitation is ex ended to you to attend these services. You'U miss it If you miss them. Bach evening at 7:46. MAYOR HELGESON ON SICK LIST Village Mayor N. O. Helgeson to ! confined to his bed with a severe ease of stomach trouble, but Is much 1 better at this time, we are pleased to note, and expects to be at Ms desfe again in a few days. S1RICKEN ON WEDNESDAY WITH INFANTILE PARALY IS B. S. Murray, of Fraser, a well known citizen of Clearwater County, and a former resident of the Caven dish locality, died at his ranch near Fraser, Wednesday, and was burl Jd in the Sunnyside cemetery, near Feck at 10:00 a. m. today. Mr. Murray was stricken with In fantile paralysis, a disease more com mon with children than grown peo pie, and Its spread is becoming alarming. Mr. Murray was born In Iowa and was 44 years of ae at the tlm; of his death. He leaves a wife and four children to mourn his de i h and many friends who regret h s passing away. of HIGH SCHOOL DOWN TO WORK BASKET BALL TO START EARLY After a week of preparation the high school settled down to work The girls glee club has been organ ized under the supervision of Mrs. Kimble. It is also proboble that piano lésons will be given In the near future, as the Importance cl music In the school is being recog nized more each year. Those sub jects will receive spclal attention. Mr. Shanon, the athletic coach, held a meeting with the boys to de cide whether to have foot b'lt or not. But as the supply of material | proved to be much too light, th y decided not. As a result of the tpeeting they decided to start basket ball earlier than usual. By this ex trm practice they hope to have a The girls gym class will be u der! the direction of Miss Kennedy. They expect to have Inter-class games in ! basket ball. | Several new students came in on Monday. The new Freshmen are: ! Marvin Dickson. Murial Jenks, Viola 1 Jenkq, Andrew Baker and Ca winning team. 1 of fman. Remy and Jim Gamble of Greer came back to attend school this term. Mrs. Fohl and Mr. Ede were seen looking over the school grounds on Monday. It Is rumored that a new tennis court Is to be built. Alice Marquette visited school on Monday. The young may is »olng to school in Portland this year. Loyd Johnson returned Monday to resume his high school course. Ted Walrath returned to school Thursday. He has been In Spokane for a few days. A MEETING OF TENNIS FANS WILL BE HELD ON MONDAY The question to: "How to play tennis without a court?" To ascer tain what Interest may be taken In thto game by townspeople. < uts'de of the school, a meeting oi me tennis j fans Is called for next Monday evm-j ing at the school -house, at 7:15, to j devise plans to place a court or two. on the school grounds for the Joint' use of the townspeople and school, i Those who feel that n larger r um- 1 I her of the school children should be given the advantage of cl an sports ! are invited to be present. Take a few minutes to be a bo st r and shanke hands with yourself at the ! school house next Monday evening. ; PECK BANK AGAIN Officers Elected at Meeting Held On Tuesday Afternoon—Deposi s Exceed $6,000. As stated In last week's iaaue of the News, the State Bagk of Pcok opened Its doors for business Thurs day morning of last week, and the deposits to date exceed $6,000, and still growing. The fact that the bank has been closed for the past five months, which necessitated going to other points for banking Privileg a, brings forcibly to mind the conven ences af forded by an institution of this kl' and we venture the assortira thgt these same people will do all In tbei? power to ease the way of the offi cials of the bank during the pr sent financial stress. The success of the organization of the hank is due to the untlrlatg ef forts of a number of the enterpr's ing citizens of the comunity, who overcame many obstacles in the work of building the new structure from the ashes of the old, and we predict that In time it will grow to bt r ne of the strongest banks In this part | of the country, situated as we are, the natural outlet of a prosperous farming section. In celebration of the occasion a fine free dinner was served in the Peck village hall last Saturday, which was enjoyed by a large ber. A spirit of good fellowship prevailed and the ladies, ! noted for their good dinners, ou did | themselves on this occasion and al toether It was a day well spent. ! At the regular anual meeting of 1 the bank the following officers num who a-e were chosen: T. A. Holmes, president; Harry Sprinston, vice president; F. Byron Smith, cashier; Wm. Watson, Roy Melcum. E. H. West. E. N. Kirby, directors.—Peck News. A SPECIAL SERVICE FOR FACULTY AND TRUSTEES Special services will be held Sun day morning for the trustees and faculty of the Orofino schools. Rev. J. A. Hoffmann will preach on "T4u Three Prime Factors In Educaion." Mrs. Kimble will sing an appropri ate solo. On acount of apeciaT meetings at the Christian church no evening preaching service will be held at the Methodist church. Mr. Hoffmann will till another ap I ointment in the evening. OROFINO CREAMERY BIG ASSET. The Orofino Creamery Company la meeting with encouraging succ as In j ihe Increasing sale of "O. C. C." but ter. Th j greater than the supply and of cream prevents an output up to the capacity of the creamery. Thto i institution has been a success from demand is c n-lderably a la k 1 the start and is a credit to Oroftno's industrial concerns and a satlsfac ! tlon to its stockholders. Mr. Weto a senfluh, the manager, dose ves a great deal of credit for the suc ! cessful operation of thto growing ; Industry.