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OFFICIAL PAPER OF CLEARWATER COUNTY VOLUME X. NUMBER 52. OROFINO, CLEARWATER COUNTY, IDAHO FRIDAY. MARCH 24. 1922. IK BETTER PICTI'KES WERK MADE WK \VQ1!I.I) SHOW THKM REX THEATRE PRESENTS The TRUANT HUSBAND 44 99 tie cleanest, brightest, snappiest comedy-dramas ever screened, ca^t is Mahlon Hamilton, Betty Blythe and Francelia Billington. One of It was written by Albert Payson Terhune, appearing originally in the Cosmopolitan Magazine, ihe Rockett Film Corporation produced it for Hodkinson release. Be sure and come;—you'll be glad you saw it! In the HAROLD LLOYD-2-REEL COMEDY "HAUNTED SPOOKS Thursday, Friday and Saturday, March 30, 31 and April 1. Regular Prices. 1st service VIEWED GAME AT CLOSE RANGE i OR THE NORTH FORK AMD I KELLY CREEK j C. Urquhart and Geo. ^IcKin officers of the Clearwater Na fonal Forest with headquarters at iroffno, completed a 17 da^ trip North on wterday, into the upper ork country of the Clearwater. They got some data on the game ituatlon of this region thkt can nly be secured during a winter of eavy snows and the pictures taken of much interest and vafue. I From Pierce City to the mouth of kelly creek a round trip bf 100 biiles was made on snow shofts. The poing was poor due to fres End the best traveling was found on pe Ice of the North Fork a good lortton of the distance. The snow fartes In depth from 5 to 7 feet, be lt the very unusual depth of 6 feet In the river flats. It was Judged that practicklly all [he game from the upper North Pork, and area of probably 200 to 100 thousand acres, was gathered »long the river between the Wletas Ind Kelly creeks. The first game, kith the exception of 10 white tail Beer on the Orogrande, was seen at [he mouth of the Weltas, 35 miles from Pierce. Thirty-three head of plk were yarded on the flat at the [south of this creek on an bid burn khcre feed Is very scarce and they Were poor and weak. One hundred and sixteen elk and fifty blacktail deer were seen between thit. point and the mouth of Kelly crèek, fif teen miles, but no white tall deer. The deer are wintering in fair condition on the rocky points along the river and the elk are yjirded In hunches on the flats, sometimes us ing the ice as a bed ground. Such places have the appearance of cattle Pens and the wiilows and other brush which is the only available feed are practically all browsed off. No cougar sign wan seen and but few coyotes with no evidence that 1hc latter are bunched or making Pmch depredation, altho the condi tion of the game would render them Very few carcases of game of any kind were seen nn there is little evidence of death foy starvation or exposure. A good many pictures were taken *t distances of from 40 yaids down to two feet McKinnon held some .nntmals In the deep snow Re 1 rquhart took close-(tp views, home were held with a rope for the same purpose. All the bulls are still carrying u , r horns. The old dnes and r*[ veH J lrp weak. Some may die be J e snow leaves, bm on the ° are wintering better than was thought possible. 1 A census of the elk was taken 'id shows ages and sex of the 118 head as follows; 28 : yearlings, 18; 2-year 0,<l8 ; 1 » : large bulls, 13; cows. 38. •. Af , ler 2 years old it iJ Impossi . * *° Tell the age of deef and elk • v Jheli appearance aa the number points" is no Indication. How * v<l r, some Interesting conclusions |'sn he drawn from thesd figures. here is either a High rale of mor '«lity between the calf and yearling '»ge or the last year's crop was larg er than formerly, eommon belief that the elk of this ■ eglon have been on the Increase the ['«»t two years, but it id probable 'h«t calves fall victim to predatory animals more often than other ages. The killing of bulls by hunters Probably account« in a large meas ure for their small number In com parison to the eowa. Of the 13 bullB "een only 4 or 5 carried 1 horns that would make gtlod representing only about 4 per cent ef the total, hence It Is evident that » hunter Is "lucky" If he gets a «nod head. One bull noticed bad a 'reak head of lu or 12 prongs on each side Irregularly shaped. ire snows a easy prey. Ik or of It Is a rather heads of mounts J0NES-0RPUT NUPTIALS On Wednesday evening at 6:30 in the Isabella room at the Daven port hotel in Spokane, Margaret Bell Jones became the bride of Don ald Turner Orput, of oPrtland, Ore. The room was elaborately decora ted in palms and pastel shades of spring flowers. The bride was attired in a trav eling suit of baige trimmeld in self tones, her flowers being orchids and lillies of the valley. The Episcopal service was used, and the Very Reverend Dean Hicks officiated. live, own are the the and this the old a the en ns Following the ceremony an ele gant supper was served. Those present at the ceremony and sup per were: Mr. and Mrs. F. A. Jones, of Oroflno, parents of the bride; Mr. and Mrs. George D. Orput, of Port land, Ore., parents of the groom; Dean Hicks of Spokane. The bride has spent the greater part of her life in Oroflno, and Is a graduate of the common schools and the high school here, and also a graduate last year from a young ladies' school at Berkley, California. She is a most charming young lady and has been very prominent in social circles here. The groom is a young man of fine business ability and has a responsi ble position In constructive educa tional and entertainment work. The happy couple will reside at Los Angeles, California, wishes of this community will ac company the bride and groom to their new home and throughout their lives. The best LECTURE MARCH 31 Mr. F. Benz, agricultural agent, Northern Pacific Ry., will deliver another lecture of particular Inter est to farmers and business men at Oroflno, Friday, March 31. planned to give another Commercial Club dinner on that date and have Mr. Benz as the principal speaker. Further announcement will be made later. Mr. Benz is a well Informed interesting talker and It will be worth a special effort to hear him. it is NOTICE TO ODD FELLOWS At the I. O. O. F. hall Tuesday night, March 28th, the Initiatory degree will he conferred. All mem bers of Oroflno odge No. 64, I. O. O. F. are requested to be present at that meeting, and all sojourning brothers are cordially Invited to be with us. WINNERS ANNOUNCED The winners In the preliminary spelling contest held at the high school nuditorlum Saturday morning are as follows: First division, five contestants. Vera McElwatn, first; Hulda Snyder second; William Phtlphot, third. Second division, thirteen contest ants, Lucile Piper, first; F.lton Plank, second; Joe Molloy, third. Lucile Piper Is an 8th grade pupH of Della i/oseth of the Piper school Whiskey creek and both Elton Plank and Joe Molloy Ils for two years In Oroflno. The County contest will he held Saturday, March 25, at 10 a. m. In the high achool building. Mrs. O. H. Holiqberg, who acted as pro nouncer In the preliminaries, and Mesdames L. G, Hornby. R. W. Mer rill and E. W. HorswIU, who were the Judges, will all officiate In like capacities at the County contest. Any one who Is Interested is cor dially invited to attend. on were her pup BETTER COWS FOR PECK About eighty farmers of the Peck country met at the Farmer's ware house at that village Tuesday and after a long discussion signed up for a car of high grade Guernsey cows to be shipped In next month. Prof. Mathiesen, of the University of Ida ho, Mr. Schult*, county agent for Ner. Perce County and Mr. J. A. Lowry, of Oroflno. were present and gave the meeting the benefit of their experience. It is quite prob able that a second car of the cows will be signed up for later and that the cows for both Peck and Oroflno will be shipped from Wisconsin some time in April. END ACTIVITIES OF JUDGE GOWEN BY JOHN P. HARLAN In my last article I promised to introduce the reader to a real, live, old-fashioned, mining boom. There are few, who, through their own memory, know I am not exag gerating the facts, but, I fear there are many who will feel I am over drawing matters. I am not. I use what others have told me, or take that which I know to be true from personal observation. Often have I wondered what was the subtle Influence that entered the minds of God's creatures and caused them in those days of old, those days of "gold" to frantically stampede at the cry of "Eureka," and though they might be doing quite well In their chosen line of endeavor, they were Belzed by the spell, and away they would go to this embryo boom, hoping they might be among the first, in order perhaps, to establish themselves in their chosen vocation and pick up the first easy money that always flowed into a mining camp of real merit. The spell was no respecter or per sons. It embraced In its grip all classes of society. Many in the business element, and many of the old experienced "sour doughs" had a mania for stampeding. It, per haps, was the lure of finding some thing easier that drew them. Of course the riff-raff of creation was drawn into this maelstrom. The footpad gentry, the tinhorns with gambling lays and devices to cheat the unwary. The frayed-out, brok en down "battle-axes," or painted jezabels,, were sure to be among the first. But whenever the glamour and "hurrah" of the boom in the camp began to wane, they were ready to move to the scenes of new adventures. In a new "strike." Thus did a perfect deluge of nu manity pour into California. It was estimated that at the end of 1849 SO,000 gold-seekers and their fol lowers, had spread out over the Sac ramento valley and its tributaries. They, mostly, were unseasoned, vor dant "tenderfeet" or "gringoes" as dubbed by the Mexicans who had Just lost California, or "cheohacoes" ns named by the Indians. They knew little about what they were going up against, and were illy pre pared to do mining of any kind. History says that the craze caused ships coming Into the bay of San Frnncljco to he deserted by their crews, who would rush up the Sac rement», lured mostly to hardships, that If It hadn't been for "the glor tous climate of California" would have perished, character of the people who druwn to a "boom," I know this was quite true. Many an amusing happening could be retated In the first en deavor at mining among these ten derfeet miner*, no mining tools, the merchants to supply the demand In so short & time. Picks and shovels were at premium. Crowbars spades, grub-hoes, mattox and pitch forks were Impressed or anything that would attack the gravel. Then there was no mining laws rules and regulations governing in the location of the ground. What little real law they had existed from the old Mexican regime and it was not applicable to the character or these early argonauts or the spirit of those seeking gold. At first there was nothing to guide them. These people scattered out over the creek and river bars, benches and hillsides and began Others would and could set In close by and also go to work, came for a while like ants, would hear of a strike on a flat or bench somewhere else and many would chase off to these diggings and others take the place left. Judge Cowen told me that when he landed on the scenes of ac tivity, a patch of ground 16 feet to by en did ed of in In O. many Knowing the are Many of them had It was hard for or for for A. of worn. They be They ice zero and of ice In to of square was the recognized size of a placer claim. He immediately went to work. A patch of unworked ground was shown him by a man by the name of Rogers who ran a tent saloon near Webbersville. Cow en had brought some mining tools with him, and he was better pre pared than most of them for mining. But it takes no great Imagina tion on the part of any one to know that such a small patch of ground did not permit of anything like eco nomic and real successful mining. Cowen said the gravel was rich with gold, but working it out In the manner he had to, reduced his earn ings materially. It was not long till the miners saw there was need of some better code of rules governing the size and method of locating placer ground. Besides there was much friction be ginning to arise between individual* working out their patches, in which the bolder and more aggressive im posed on their less combative neigh bors, but in some cases open hostil ities between claimants broke out. and gun plays made with a few fatal results. It was probably here that old proverb among early miners ori ginated that possession was nine points of the law and the shotgun was all other points. A lawlessness began to spring up In the placer fields and the better element saw that the mining industry was drift ing towards anarchy and chaos. Judge Cowen was a man who al ways stood up for law, order and justice and he with others advocat ed changes In the method of locat ing placer ground and their rights of possession. He was instrumental in helping to call and organize the first miners' meeting, which was held at the Kentucky House in Web bersville,, California. The meeting was largely attended and the fol lowing code of rules and regula tions were unanimously passed and adopted. I submit n crude draft I from what he was able to tell me. of I the the A a ; j ! ! in | 1. A placer mining claim would ; he 15ft feet long up and down the! creek extending from hill to hill, or rim to rim. A hillside, bench or large bar claim would he 150 feet square. Each end of a creek claim or the four corners of the other claims must he marked by a suitable mon ument of stone or wooden post, giving the name of the location, dnte of location and description. 3. Within ten days from date ot location, the name, date of location and description must bo recorded with the district recorder. 4.. The office of the District Re corder was created, nnd a recorder duly elected. A stipulated fee of 32 per location was granted. J. B. Lauck, who afterward drifted to Pierce, was their first recorder. It paid him well for a while. 5. The right of possession to the location was determined by the bona fide use the claim was put to. Sus pension of work for thirty days con stituted abandonment. There was some debate over this clause. Some wishing to shorten the time and others to extend It, finally agreeing to thirty days. This was a wise provision as it gave the operator a lay over during high water or bad weather, when the miner could go and get provis ions etc. Judge Cowen said this was the first miners' meeting ever held in California. This I am not able to check out at this time. But I do know that the central features of the code established was the nu cleus of all subsequent mining laws governing placer mining in the west which became known as the Cali fornia law. In subsequent discover ies the miners modified It only to meet the local conditions, caused by climatfc conditions of difference of the character of the finds. Miners' meetings became local legislative bodies and also assumed (Continued on local page.) •> BUYS NEW FREEZER The Oroflno Creamery company installed a new ten gallon Emery Thompson ice cream freezer Monday which is the latest device on the market for this purpose. A brine similar to that which is used in the manufacture of ice, circulates in a coil of pipe encircling the cream container. By this process the cream is whipped and its temperature is reduced to between 20 and 25 de grees above zero, when it is then drained into a regular ten gallon ice cream can and put in the ice cream hardening room, where the freezing process is completed. The temperature of this room is kept at zero to 10 degrees below. By installing the new freezer the Creamery will save 15 tons of ice and be enabled to keep on hand a reserve supply of about 200 gallons of ice cream during the hot summer months. It is the last word in san itiation and economy, as there Is no ice to pack around the cans while In the process of making, no ladles to remove, nor waste of ice. It is understood to be the only freezer of Its make in the Clearwater valley I be to BEAVER CLUB TO ORGANIZE A number of prospective members of the Beaver Athletic Club met at I the club's room Monday night and formulated plans for a permanent organization and launched arrange ments for a club smoker for to night. The smoker will be free to the public. In way of preparation for perma nent organization, the following of ficers were elected: L. L. Johnson, president; Pete Hanson, vice pres ident; Chas. McEachron, secretary; and Wallace McTarnahan, manager. A committee was also appointed to draft a set of rules and by-laws, at the completion of which a meeting will be called and the organization perfected, for the future will be announced af ter this meeting. The plans of the club DAISY (WHITE! BLAINE A telegram was received by rela tives Wednesday advising of the death of Mrs. Daisy Blaine, in Wy oming. where she hns lived for about Word was first received a year. ; Monday that Mrs. Blaine was sick, j further advice coming Tuesday that ! she was worse and she died that ! evening. Daisy White grew to womanhood in tlie Gilbert section and gradua | led from the Oroflno high school in 1915. She was married about live years ago to Clifford Blaine, of Oro fino. ; It it to by of Mrs. Blaine is survived fcy two small children, her husbind, her mother, Mrs. White, of Orofinn, and two sisters, Mrs. Warren Pratt and Mrs. Dolly Doren. It is not yet de termined where burial will take place. HARD TIMES DANCE The Base Ball club will give an other dance at the I. O. O. F. hall in Orofino, March 31. with the same orchestra that played for the St Patrick's dance. This dance was announced to take place April 1 by mistake. It will be held Friday evening, March 31, and will be a "hard times" affair. Be careful what you wear if you wish to avoid , a fine. Those who attended the LEWIS COUNTY SCORES Jack Foster of the State Constat, ulary and the officers of Lewis county held a roundup early this week which resulted In the capture # __v. j of some moon-shlners and equipment Bill Summers was taken with a »tili I and a barrell of mash. Floyd New kirk was found with six gallons of liquor and another party was picked ; ,p the . ""aÄ de ' tails of which are not available. last dance were well pleased with the management and music. Mr. H. J. Honeywell and less» left for New Hampton, Iowa. Tues day. where Mrs. Honeywell preoeeii ed then, last fall and where th-y will make their home In the future. Mr. Honeywell rented his farm on Oroflno creek and will enter the life Insurance business as a district agent. POSSIBILITIES FOR COMMERCIAL SEED GROWING EXPLAINED BY A LOCAL FARMER The following Is the text of a letter from Mr. H. H. Highfield, of Stitea, to C. S Myers, of Fraser, and contains reliable data which should be of Interest to the farmera of Clearwater county. "Replying to your favor of the 8th Inst., will say there are 698,500 alsike clover seed to one pound and four pounds will place seven seeds to each square inch on an acre if evenly distributed. It depends much on the condition of your seed bed and whether early or late sowing is made as to the stand you will se cure. "The first essential is a fine and firm seed bed. The next Is early seeding. harrow, weight it down with post* or poles, and harrow 3 or 4 times before seeding on either fall or spring plowing, plowed ground that was harrowed last fall, or you want to seed on fall sown grain, seed on the snow as soon as possible and don't harrow at Slant the teeth of your If you have fall all. "If you sow with a nurse crop this spring, seed your grain as early as possible and then seed the clover. If you can seed early enough so there will be some snow and a few spring freezes, don't harrow after seeding the clover. But If you must, sow later, so the frost and spring rains are not apt to cover the clover seed, then give it one very light harrowing, will cover considerable seed too deep to germinate. Sown alone without a nurse crop you will be practically sure of a good stand. 1 find barley the best where a nurse crop is sown. Alsike lias proven the best in this terri tory. more wet and yields twice as much seed. The hay is finer, eures better and is free from fuzz on the stalks or leaves. It is the fuzz on red clover that makes so much dust and causes horses to heave. Alsike will not bloat stock pastured on tt. It is also better Bee clover. I have two lots of seed. Lot 1 tests 99.7 per cent pure and is free from any kind of noxious weed seeds. Lot 2 98.81 per cent pure, also free rrom noxious seeds.—the only pratlcal difference is that one lot has more timothy seed than the other. I am selling lot 1 at 22c and lot 2 at 20c in hundred pound or more lots, sack* Included. is foul with dodder, buckhorn and mustard seed. "I am receiving letters from the clover growing sections of South Idaho wanting to know what the Even then the harrow It stands more drouth and by a , state test of my seed is and just what other than clover seed It con tains. You see they are anxious to get seed free from noxious weeds. "Spokane and coast seed house* that have always dealt in large J""*'"" ?' 1 S 0 ° o u 1 th Ida ?° f eed ' JT' ^ a8 f d «"'V" 1 8upp,y Dakota - Montana and Minnesota. Apparent ' ywe , have a f™ d oPP^tunity make our reputation for pure and . rlnver <eeit hv heinrr rarer,n I J an ® y * lo ™J ® y PeinR caroruI * Î, P H U ,w fleld8 c, £ an - of i„ f r ind th n e , Zl t „ sow 3 to fl 5 ' 2n " tolhe "acre andThaV shUlI Kive a heavy sUnd , n fact thre . pints should be a great plenty. At that rate you should be able te seed your ground for less than 7#e per acre." All southern Idaho seed on life EASTER SERVICES Two services will be held at the Catholic church Easter Sunday, April 16 at 8 and 10 a. m. respec tively. All are welcome.