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brail» hi I 'i'i'filc v)( 7, I'ree littnffe llllt l sob- IvrUjut ,.,/ /Mini» \ G. S. 'Watson for HOLIDAY GOODS. U VOL- V. I i m. is it up in rm-: garden spot oe soctjieasted ST. ANTHONY, FREMONT C SI. in Hi oui/ trill he Hie Rest Ton u in Southeastern Idaho. Pun niv, Pure Water. -V IDAHO. 3UNTY, IDAHO, THURSDAY, DECEMBER 31, 1903. NO. 37. tvlio M ATTERS AT CAPITAL I postofliccs Established Mrs. Smoot i nterviewttd—Lands for Grazing. I Washington. I). C., Dec. 2.5. 1 responding to the petitions for Itter star route service from Boise [Roosevelt, Senator Dubois has re |j m l from the second assistant fettnaster general a letter notify* L i,jm that as requested, a special L n t has been detailed to make onal investigation of the sub file agent is ordered to vjv defective conditions so as [insure 1 letter service. I Senator Dubois lias also been [oniised a better star service from limon to Shoupe. Contractor Ljle telegraphed from Red Rock lathe had investigated the condi ns there and bad ordered the re ival of the carrier for the unfortu Itc conditions existing. |A postoffice has Vie eu established I Inkom , Bannock county 12 miles fcrtli of Pocatello and 14 miles |ntli of McCammon. The postoffice at Hawkins, lannock county has been removed he half mile to the east. I The following star service lliedules have been changed in ■alio, effective December 21,1903: [70280 Mackay to Challis. [Leaves Mackay daily, except Biiday, after arrival of train, but It latter than 7 p. m. Arrives pallis daily except Sunday, at 4 m. arrives Mackay next day by I Mrs. Reed Smoot, who has re ady joined her husband, the nior senator from Utah, was seen f a correspondent the other eve ti lg in the parlor of the Raleigh. Be was bright and happy in looks [d seemed as well pleased with her t as any woman in the world. I "I want to see Washington very pch" she said. The charges gainst her husband are not Ixither [ her in the least. I Secretary Hitchcock today au Jorized the grazing of 97,000 sheep 1.250 cattle and horses on northern division of the Cas de forest reserve from June 10 to [toher next ; also 200,00 sheep in • eastern division of the Wash 11 01 ' forest reserve. Reclaiming Lands l B »ise, Idaho, Dec. 23.—The Pte has entered into a contract 1th the Canyon Canal company T the reclamation of some 20Q.00 p s of land or. the Payette under e provision of the Carey act. matter has been pending a > l ' me owing to many unusual pculties. The company will [J a ' m >400 acres of Carey lands, ! acre-s of State lands and 8000 f es °f private land. The maxi f Ct N the Carey and the private F s is $30 an acre, while the P°ol land price is limited to $20. r Morrison favored a reduction I the figures all around, butas the r* Ltl liven agreed upon by the le r Hard, the other members of present hoard thought they p>M have to be adhered to. warrant call l- otice is hereby given that there Itnoney in the treasury to pay the pwing described Fremont Coun IWarrants viz: rrent Expense 1903 No. 19 to I 0, 105 inclusive ^Re 1903 No. 1 to 12 inclusive fjad 1903 53 to 67 inclusive I le above warrants are not pre l° r payment within ten days . date of this notice interest then cease. i: ttthony, Idaho, Deecmber 24, Lee S Borrows, County Treasurer, REFUSE TIIE WATER San 1 »'îi'icijsco Cannot (Jet Supply i 1 '«in Yosemite National ; Park. _______ Washington, Dec. 23. The Sec retary of the interior today refused the application of the h ranci. sco for the necessary obtain in city of San permission to begin construction toward a water supply from the [ Yosemite National park. The city proposed to expend $39,000,000 oil the water works and had a hear ing before the Secretary of the In tenor some months ago, at which lU,t hoi ity to take the preliminary steps, to be applied to the park, was asked. The Interior depart ment s adverse action is based on the fact that the organic act creat ing the park requires the govern ment to keep it in its natural condi tion. Idaho Reform School. Boise, Ida., Dec. 23. -The board of trustees of the Reform school to be located in Fremont county com pleted its business today. The plans adopted by the board call for a main building with three stories and a basement, slow-burnnig con struction, fire proof partitions for the stairways, fire escapes and slate roof, estimated to cost $14,850; two-story and basement cottage to cost $5,110; two thirty horse power Corliss engines, boilers and dyna mos, steam-heating plant, water plant with steam pump, complete, estimated to cost $12,350, the pumping and drainage bringing the total cost up to $34,840. There will also be a barn. All the build ings are to lie constructed of brick trimmed in cut stone. Important Mining Deal. Weiser, Ida., Dec. 23.— News of an important deal for the Seven Devil's mining property has just liven disclosed. The purchasers are Haas Brothers, wealthy men who are in the hardware business in this city, hut also interested in mining property in the Seven Dev ils. The seller was C. F. Mucey, superintendent of the Iron Springs Mining company, operating in the Black Springs district. The prop erty consists of five quartz claims and several placer claims. Accord ing to the terms of the contract, $300 is to be paid on January 1, 1904, and the remainder on June 1, 11904. It is understood the new owners contemplate extensive de velopement work on their proper ties. Hitch on Idaho Lands Assistant Atty-General Campbell of the Interior department has ren dered an opinion to Secretary Hitchcock, sustaining the latter in refusing to approve the segregation of between four and five hundred thousand acres of arid lauds in Ida ho, which it was proposed to re claim. The Commissioner of the Gen eral Land office had held that in j view of an act of the Idaho legisla ture of March 18, 1901, no further contracts between the state and the United States could he entered into s* long as the state law was in force. This law provides that when a company improves a tract of land by the building of extensive irriga tion canals and within two } ears had not found the necessary settlers for each 160 acres of land, the laud should be deeded to the companies making the improvements. This yas said to lie contrary to the Fed eral laws. Under the decision en tered the matter will again come before the Interior department at the expiration of the two-year clause for settlement of the lands. [ settin The Teton Peak most important office force this institution of this Anthony. It is machine, hands of an operator loads galleys, and i tributes the same doing the work of In considering a machine like machine in an lisher must hav important things machine, cost output, and managment of has made the addition to its week since the paper in St. Simplex type that under the sets type, turn dis type again, several printers, the placing of a typesetting office, the pub in mind four first, cost of of operation, implicity. The the Peak made a thorough hive: merits of the var the nia-ket, »aiu of these various finds installed in plex typesetting repreented by cut. As will lie see body of the mac long cylinder, the line seen about one fourt the top shows w is set on top of two cylinders ari tigution of the ous machines on , as the outcome nquiries this week this office the Sim machine, which is the accompanying l, the main part or line seems to be a It really is too, as ound the cylinder way down from here one cylinder the other. These the fundamental part of the machine, or in printers' parlance, the "case," and the up per is the distributer. In setting the reading matter in our hooks and jpapers, 90 charac ters, or different types, are used. Cut in the outer rim of these two cylinders are the 90 channels, or cylinders are or corresponding type L groves, just :he size of the type, extending from top to bottom of both cylinder^. Thus, there is a channel for each kind of type in t he magazinep-a channel for the tjhe "b's," etc. The type set by this machine is similar to that set in the old fashioned way by hand with the exception -that c of the type are two to ves. These are the ich each type is dis tributed in it4 proper place. These on the back six tiny gro guids by wb nitches or gr ooves, are alike in nil the "a's" also on all the "b's", hut the "b's" are unlike the "a's" and still the "c's" are unlike the "b's'" and soon; so that each of the 90 different kinds of type has its own series for distribuiton nitches. Now as to the way the machine distributes the- type. The upper cylinder with a slow step-by-step movement, and at each step the channels in it rest exactly over the channel in the lower cylinder a fraction of a second. The channels for the "a's" in the cylinder has in it a series of small keys whiclYcor respond to the nitches in the back of the type character "a". All the other chanels have keys to corre spond to the nitches in the type which belongs to them. The type is taken from the press, loaded into "galleys" these galleys are put into the machine and the machine takes a line at a time from the end of the galleys and puts it into a channel in the distributing cylin der. Of course the type is now just plain reading matter. But as the upper cylinder revolves, the type in the bottom of each line in the distributor comes over the channels in which it belongs, drops down in to its place and gives room for the next letter to find its place. As the distributor contains 90 channels and makes 120 steps a minute, you see it is capable of dropping into the magazine a total of 10,800 type in one minute. As the operator touches the keyboard a type at the bottom of the corresponding type channel in the magazine is forced out upon the rapidly revolving disc, which carries it swiftly and in order to the right side of the machine, where ingenious mechan ism forms it into a line, which passes across to the left of the ma chine, all the time in full sight of the operator. Here it is measured off into small hits the width of the column desired, and adjusted to even lengths. Then the mach ine, upon the touch of a lever by the operator, forces the line into front of s ready i | q ;] a galley, places a lead i the line, if desired, and for more. As to the output of the machine we give comparisons as with hand work so that our readers may have some idea of what we wish to con vey. One man setting in the old way can, by working 10 hours, and hard, average 8,000 "ems" per One man on the machine can, in the same time, set 30,000 ems. Put two men on the machine, one operating and the other adjusting the lines, load in new galleys of type etc, and you have a machine capacity of 00,000 to 70,000 ems per day. More than enough to set up our entire issue as it now is, in one day. But, of course, like all new things, we have to learn it. Like the maid with the down drooped eyes, tilted-up nose, an auto or a mule, we have as yet to "get auto* its wiles, learn just when to pet and when to scold. But this will come in time and then, with increased facilities for handling news, The Teton Peak can safely promise its readers a brighter and more newsy paper than ever before. PRIZES GIVEN FOR BEST BEETS. Idaho Falls, Dec. 29, The prize offered by the Idaho Sugar compa ny to the growers raising the larg est crop of sugar beets were award ed on the 23rd inst. as follows : John E. Pincock of Teton, won the $200 prize for the largest tonage on 15 acres. He raised 241 tons, 572 pounds, or 16 thousand 135 pounds to the acre. The 10 acre prize was won by Joseph Farnsworth of Am mon, liis yield being 217 tons and 312 pounds to the acre; prize $175. John B. Crapo took the 5 acre prize of $125; he raised 96 tons, 931 pounds ,or 19 tons and 780 pounds to the acre. The other contestants for these prizes were as follows: For the 15 acres prize—A. J. & A. W. Rockwood of Iona, they had 239 tons 268 lhs. For the 10 care prize—A. E. Thornton, Iona, 194 tons 76 lbs. ; S. L. Cox, Iona, 175 tons 15 lhs. ; Alford Empey, Ammon, 75 tons 68 lhs. For the 5 acre prize—J. A. Owen, Ammon, 48 tons 569 lbs. ; B. F. Johnson, Teton, 87 tons 268 lbs. ; J. F\ Baker, Teton, 76 tons 832 lbs. ; Geo. E. Lufkin, Shelley, 78 tons 352 lbs. ; James Poison, Taylor, 75 tons 831 lhs. IRRIGATION PROMOTERS. A state irrigation association has been organized to promote irriga tion in Idaho. By-laws have been adopted and the following is the personel of officers: President, James A. McGee, Nampa ; vice president, O. E. Mc Cutcheon, Idaho Falls; secretary, Robert Hayes, Pocatello; assistant secretary, Charles Hickey, Nampa; treasurer, E. H. Dewey, Nampa. Executive Board—James A. Mc Gee, O. E. McCutcheon, Robert Hayes, Chester Call, Thomas Gall oway, Burton L- French, O. V. Allen, William Burke. County Committee—H. O. Manz, O. C. Moore, O. E. McCutcheon, Robert Hayes, J. A. Fenton, W. T. Jack, Frank R. Gooding, G. C. Parkinson, J. B. Lowell, Burton L. French, Ë. H. Libby, Byrd Trego, W. F. Rawson, W. B. Heyburn, R. J. Shields, Thomas Galloway, Timothy Dore, Levi Mc Gee, C. L. Heitman, W. F. Con eughton. FARMER'S UNIONS. There are more than 3,000 far mers unions in Texas with a total membership of 40,000. The pur pose of the union is to buy and sell in hulk, to educate along agri cultural lines, to study politics, and to discuss political economy. i ; ; ; Labor Rights Construed The clerk of the supreme court has given out for publication a de cision affiriming the lower court in the case of William Thompson vs. the Wise Boy Mining company, appealed from Idaho county. Thompson was employed as an amalgamator in a quartz mill loca ted on the Crystal Butte claim and where ore was being reduced and treated as it was mined from the Wise Boy and the North Star claims and obtained judgement for $253.75 for his services, together ith a reasonable attorney's fee and costs of suit. From judgment the defendants pleaded. The syllabus of the court says: "Where the ore extracted from the mine is milled upon the mine and in a mill belonging to the mine, the labor thereon comes within the intent and meaning of the lieu laws and a lien therefor is properly allowed. "That portion of section 12 of the lien laws of 1899 which pro vides that: "The court shall also allow part of the costs the moneys paid for fil ing and Recording the claim and reasonable attorney's fees, is not class legislation and is not in viola tion of section 18 of article 1 of the constitution. "Where such provision for allow ance of attorneys' fees do not single out particular debtors hut is made to apply alike to all debtors, it is not upen to the objection that it does not afford equal justice to all." The most serious question raised by the defense was that the services rendered by Thompson were not the subject of a lien and the lien laws of the state did not contemp late the granting of the lien to one doing such work in a quartz, mill, whether it lie situated upon a mine or elsewhere. The appellants argued that the labor for such which this lien was sought was simply labor upon per sonal property, namely, the ore after being extracted from the mine and that such labor could not he said to he work in or upon the mine. They further said: "The real test is whether the labor is such as may have added to the value of the property." In support of this contention the appellants quoted several decisions supposedly for the purpose of show ing that liens are allowed because the claimant lias done some work in or about the property which tended to improve the same or enhance its value, and the labor thereby become a part of the property on which the lien was claimed. The court in its opinion, says: "The legislature, in enacting these laws, evidently did not have in mind the protection of the mine owners, but rather the protection of the laborers. They were not con templating, when they enacted this law, the probability of the laborers enhancing or depreciating the value of the prospects, mining claims, or mines, as the case might he, but rather that the men who were em ployed and sent out to do work up on such properties should lie enti tled to a lien on them for their services. To say that the laborer is worthy of his hire is to tell him what he already knows ; but what he wants to know and what the legislature evidently intended, is that this maxim will he carried a step further and that he shall be assured that he is not only worthy of his hire, but that he will get his pay, and that that property upon or about which he worked shall be lia ble for such pay." Secretary Hitchcock has granted Governor Morrison's request to permit the state to issue patents to land involved in the irrigation pro ject in Idaho under the Carey act.