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I Commences Monday. C t Vntlionv public schools Monday of next week, i he direction of Prof. John w i,o lias been principal of (,1s for the last three years. t teachers for the ear is as follows : opal, Professor Blevins; „„de, Miss Baker, third primary department, Miss second term; assistant 'l' Miss Brownfield, gradu ■ 1 tire State University of cky, first term ; Miss Smith, te0 f Chicago Conservatory sic and Art, will have have of music and drawing, first fourth and fifth grades, Miss lam, graduate of Knox first term; third grade, ienn. graduate of Pocatello school. public school this year has cellent corps of teachers and to the revision of the course dies, will equal any high in the state. St. Anthony is what is known as an oved school," and the work h schools is accepted in any institution. cratic County Convention. tice is hereby given that the ont County convention will Id in Rexburg on Saturday, 3, A. D. 1904, at 10 k A. M. at which time nomi ; will be made for the follow named county officers: One senator, four representatives, heriff, one county treasurer, ssesssor and ex-officio tax col one probate judge, one ty attorney, one commissioner each commissioners' district, uperiutendent of schools, one _yor, one coroner, and a eoun ntral committee to serve for nsuing two years, le primaries to elect delegates id convention will be held on day the 3rd day of October, 1904, commencing in the try precincts at 3 o'clock P. nd continuing until 6 o'clock I. and in the city or town pre is commencing at 2 o'clock P. nd continuing until 7 o'clock he various precincts are entit o representation as follows : rcher 5, Arrange 4, Bates 4, h Creek 1,Camas 2, Chapin 5, gs 5, Dubois 5, Edmunds 7, River 5, Gram 6, Haden 2, ry 3, Howe 1, Highland 2, peudeuce 5, Island Ward 6, ore 3, Leigh 5, Lewisville 10, "lie 5, Lyman 2, Marysville Market Lake 4, Medicine Lodge 'enaii 7, Ora 4, Parker 9, Rice igby 10, Rexburg 18, St. An 13, Teton 10, Vernon 4, ford 10, Rudy 5, Salem 9, ncer 1. Total 216. view of the platform adopted e recent Democratic State con tion at Lewiston and the ini ant campaign that is now on in State of Idaho, it is very neces tliat a full delegation of the t representative Democrats from Precinct attend this convention we urge all committeemen to that the leading and representa Democrats are selected in their met as delegates to this con tion and that they attend. JOHN E. PINCOCK, Chairman. • M. HOLDEN, Secretary. Eastern Market Reports. New York, Sept. 3, 1904. utter steady, extras 19 cents tory firsts 13j£c; renovated ex s bi/4 to 16c. Receipts 5,441 rts this week 7.900. Cheese buyer's favor, fancy state 8j4 to Receipts 1,750. Eggs Western firsts 20c. Receipts dlo. Chicago, 111., Sept. 3, 1904. butter 19c. steady. Eggs, etxras '- c . prime firsts 18,'/£c steady. D. C., Sept. 3 firsts Washington, "4. Market firm, extras 20c; ; renovated 15j4c. Boston, Mass, Sept. 3, 1904 u tter market steady at 20 Cheese market easy at r the best. Eggs, firm at 20 to Henneries 2 5c. p ew Orleans, La., Sept. 3, 1904. •xtras 20c; firsts 19c; renovated b-ggs 21c. Cheese, daisies St. Butt t 1 Louis, Mo., Sept. 3, 1904. Il ter active at 20c. Eggs slow ' to 19j4c. For State Senator. It has been common talk among prominent Republicans over the county that John W. Hart, of Menait, should be the next State Senator from Fremont county but although Mr. Hart has been loath to accept or even consider the pro position, he has at last submitted to the- inevitable, considering tbe duty lie owes to his country and the Republican party far above private interests ; and we are au thorized to make the announcement that the Hon. John W. Hart, of Menait, is a candidate for the nomination, after due and long consideration and will allow his name to conte before the Republi can convention at St. Anthony on the 30th of this month. Mr. Hart is one of the most enterprising and successful men in the county, and has spent years in this part of the state assisting in the development of what now seems to be the richest valley in all the northwest. When the Republicans of the county can induce such men as Mr, Hart to accept the nomina tion to public office, they are to be congratulated and can result only in success which will surely be the rewardof such political party. PARKER. Sept. 7, 1904.—There is con siderable sickness here. Mr. F. H. Mason has an attack of lung fever. Mr. W. E. Hunter has been taken to Rexburg for treatment for typhoi^ fever. Mrs. A. R. Rice has been very sick for several weeks, but is improving. The work on the slicer is being pushed. The brick work will be done in about two weeks. The pipe line from Sugar City is com pleted and beet hauling will com mence about the first of October. The work on the annex to the meeting house is progressing very rapidly. The builders expect to finish it within a month. Born to the wife of Mr. S. M Rigby, on the 5th, a daughter; and also to the wife of H. P. Hanson, daughter. All getting along nicely. Harvesting and haying is about over, and threshing has commenced. Politics are about normal, with the Republicans away in the lead. Billey Bryan says he is ready to speak. Well, when isn't he or when didn't he if he had half a chance. The silver tongued orator, Pence, has become the slandering mouthed tool of F. Dubois, and the people he is slandering are as far above him in the principles of honesty, truth and virtue as the heavens are above the earth. Heyburn's Secretary. Mr. Addison T. Smith, of Washi ngton^ D. C., private secretary to Senator W. B. Hey burn, was visitor in St. Anthony last week. Mr. Smith was secretary to former Senator Shoup, of Idaho for ten years, and this was his first visit to Idaho since his association with Senator Shoup. Mr. Smith is bright, capable, quick-witted, good natured, good looking young man a friend maker and a vote getter While in St. Anthony, he gave the Peak a friendly call and showed much interest in the typesetting machine in our office. Mr. Smith is visiting the principal towns of the state and getting in touch with the party organizations throughout the counties, and says that never before in the state were the Re publicans in such fine shape for an approaching election, which, hn confidently asserted, will result ie the election of the whole state ticket by greater majorities than the ticket received in 1902. Dur ing his visit to our town, Mr. Smith was the guest of Benjamin L. Rich who was associated with him it Washington in the service of Senator Shoup. "I leave St. An thony for Wallace where I shall join Senator Heyburn," answered Mr. Smith in response toa question from a Peak reporter; "but later in the campaign I hope to have the pleasure of visiting your county again. I shall tell the people up north that old Fremont is loyal and with us with two or there thousand to spare. ' ' General News. The Philippine exhibit at the ''Big Fair" was robbed last Thurs day by its employes of a sum equal to $25,000. It is stated that the steal was accomplished byreselling admission tickets. Japs Victory is Celebrated. lokio, Sept. 5. A mass of offic ial reports on the battle of Liao } v ang reached the imperial head-! --I" he given out until it is possible quarters today, but they will mt j put them in order and make from them a connected and detailed story. In the meantime headquarters is refraining from giving anything to the public. It is generally known that Gen. I Kuropatkin succeeded, by means of a desperate rear-guard action and strong and well-handled flank movements, in withdrawing the great bulk of the Russian army, and that he cut bridges to hamper the Japanese pursuit. Critical interest centers in the operations of the Japanese right wing, which occurred late Friday nigth and early Saturday morning. Gen. Kuroki then swung to the westward, his movement being designed to flank the remainder of the Russians left at Liao Yang itself. It is believed here that Gen. Kuropatkin is bound to lose many prisoners to the Japanese. It is possible, however, that the topo graphical difficulties and the over whelming opposition of the Russians may check this movement on the part of Gen Koroki. Among the Japanese officers re ported killed in the battle of Liao Yang are Lieut. Teraouhi, son of Lieut.-Gen. Teraouhi, Minister of War, and Lieuts. Fukushima and Maratta, both sons of Japanese generals. Official figures of the Japanese losses and a list of the trophies captured are expected to reach Tokio tomorrow. It is believed here that Gen. Kuropatkin's next stand will be made at Mukden, although there is defensible ground south of there. Field Marshal Yamagata, Chief of the General Staff, and Lieut. Gen. Teraouchi were hosts at a banquet given tonight in honor of the Liao Yang victory. The guests included the imperial Princes, the members of the Cabinet and the elder statesmen, the staff officers of the Army and Navy departments, and chiefs of bureaus. Tokio is illuminated tonight and the principal streets of the city, where a series of lantern processions are taking place, are thronged with people. Main Russian Army is Lost St. Petersburg, Sept. 5.—It is reported at a late hour that Gen. Kuropatkin's rear guard has been almost annihilated, and that the main Russian army is in imminent danger of being surrounded. The Russian losses during the fighting at Liao Yang are estimated at 15,000. There is no doubt here that a number of guns, especially siege artillery, have been abandoned. A dispatch received from Gen. Kuropatkin, forwarded yesterday, indicates that Gen. Kuropatkin's army and Gen. Kuroki's army are racing for Mukden, and that the result is in doubt. Gen. Kuropatkin says that the retreat is being conducted in perfect order. The Japanese repeatedly attacked the Russian rear on Sun day, but in every case they were repulsed. During September 4 the Japanese strengthened their forces operating against our left flank, extending their lines from the Yen Tai mines northward. Tb Japanese also on September 4 crossed from Liao Yang and its environs. Field Marshal Oyama's whole army is across the Taitse river and is pursuing Gen. Kuropatkin's forces. It is reported here, but not yet confirmed, that Gen. Koropatkin was obliged to abandon 200 guns at Liao Yang. Some of them, it is said, were damaged in the fight ing and the rest were disabled by order of the Russian commander-in chief. The report that the Emperor will go to the front was again revived and seems to have foundation. It is known that the imperial train has been fitted out for a long journey. Dewey's Sailors Gets Prize Money. Washington, Sept. 1.—A. W. Brown, auditor of the navy depart ment, today began the distribution of prize money won by Admiral Dewey's officers and men at Manila. The money amounts to $375,000 and will be distributed among 2000 persons. Admiral Dewey gets $17,000. for is to of if i Another Democrat Bolts. Hon. E. A. Walters of Shoshone, } a life long Democrat and leader of 1 the Democrats in the Sixth session' , --------- Legislature, has re-1 tojpudiated the Democracy and an-1 nounces that he can support neither the national nor state tickets of that party. Mr. WaIters is one of the ! prominent lawyers of Lincoln I county and had been tendered the j of the State I nomination of county attorney on the Democratic ticket this fall, and had he accepted the uominaion would undoubtedly have polled the largest vote of any candidate on the county ticket. He was delegate to the Weiser convention and opposed the anti Mormon resolution adopted by that convention, and was also elected a delegate to the Lewiston convention but did not attend. He has always been prominent in county politics and lias a large following in Lincoln county. It has been known for sometime that Mr. Walters was dissatisfied with both the national and state Democratic platform, but it was largely through the insistance of his friends that he should accept the nomination for county attorney on the Democratic ticket that he felt compelled to make public his repudiation of the Parker-Dubois Democracy. Mr. Walters made the following statement : ''I shall neither support the Democratic state nor national ticket, but, on the contrary, shall support both the Republican state and national tickets. I have come to this conclusion after careful con sideration and study, and since the St. Louis convention have been at deep loss to understand why I should support Parker's candidacy ; how I should reconcile Parker Democracy and Bryan Democracy. ''A certain element of the eastern Democracy refused to support Bryan because he stood for certain ideas. With equal force I must refuse to support Parker because he fails to stand for certain ideas. ''The commanding political question of today is the control and regulation of the trusts, and with Parker heralded by corporate in terests as the trust candidate, dis covered, groomed and hacked by Dave Hill and Perry Belmont, why should I support Parker? ''Roosevelt has probed the trust question to the discomfort of the trusts and he is now branded by them as unsafe, and I find herein sufficient argument to one with my ideas that Roosevelt is quite safe for the west. "No, indeed, I have not stomach for that Lewiston convention. The citizens of Idaho should deeply deplore the efforts of any political party to inject religion into poli tics, and in this instance especially is it, to my mind, harmful and un necessary. "I am aware that it is not pleas ant to be dubbed a lobster and a political acrobat, and yet I prefer to have honest reasons for the faith that is in me, and to feel that I am not bliudlv following the dictates j of party bosses and designing | leaders to the violation of my own conscience. "I certainly prefer Roosevelt to Parker and Idaho Democracy—and if that makesjone Republican then I am such." Rich a Candidate. Rumors of candidates for Repub lican nominations are coming thick and fast these days. Friends of Benjamin L. Rich are supporting him for the office of county attorney. A Peak reporter asked Mr. Rich today if he were a candi date for that office, and Mr. Rich replied; "My friends have aksed me to enter the race for the nomina tion of county attorney before the county convention to be held at St. Anthony, Sept. 30th, and have placed my candidacy in their hands. If the Republicans of the county nominate me, I shall he pleased to accept the nomination; but whether they choose me for that office or not, I shall support the whole ticket without misgivings, and do what I can to increase the patty vote which at present presages an unprecedented majority for the ticket. ' ' Attacked by Strikers. Five hundred strike sympathiz ers last Thursday attacked a street car carrying non-union men to the packing houses in Fast St. Louis. Clubs and stones were used and several were seriously injured, i There were three arrests. DAIRY NEWS This column will be for the ex- elusive use of the farmers, dairv men and creameries. Any ques tions pertaining to the farm or creamery will be answered here free of charge. _ The question is asked is it possi ble for a cows milk to vary more than two-tenths? Here is what one of our well known writers has to say : Not only does the milk of different races and breeds of cows vary with comparatively wide limits, the milk of the same animal is subject to extensive fluctuation. The principle causes of variations is the individual age, period of lactation, nature and amount of food, state of health and treatment such as frequency of milking, etc. The following table indicates the range of normal variations : Water 90.00 to 83.65 Fat 2.80 to 4.50 Casein and albumen 3.30 to 5.55 Sugar 3.00 to 5.50 Ash 0.70 to 0.80 The Value of Skim Milk. Its Uuses and Misuses. There is one profit bearing branch of the farm that has been much neglected in the past, and is today by many, namely, the raising of calves and every dairyman and farmer who keeps cows, who interested in his own welfare and is desirous of reducing his losses and increasing his profits, should read carefully the articles that follow. Many seem to think that calves can be fed most "any old slops" in pails that have not been cleaned since they were bought, and yet wonder why they do not have good calves. Some of these set their milk open pans, thereby losing much valuable butter fat, and having their skim milk rendered unfit for feeding by souring ; others dilute their milk with water so the calves have to drink double the amount of liquid to obtain usual amount of nourishment ; otheis have the im pression that good calves cannot be raised unless they are allowed to suckle their dams and have whole milk. All the above ways are expensive and unnecessary, and it is the pur pose of this article to show how they can be avoided. In the first place, purchase a cream separator, a centrifugal one, and thus be able to have the skim milk in the best possible condition for feeding and not in some tin can dilution affair that is expensive at any price. Do you say if there is no butter fat in the skim milk it must be poor stuff to fatten calves on? There is left in the skim milk the casein, albumen, sugar, and ash, which are the ingredients that make the muscles, hone, hair and hoofs and the fattening value of the fat that has been removed can be easily 7 balanced by a rftrmber of substitutes that cost little in com parison with the value of the butter fat for cream or butter. Instance the statement of Mr. C. P. Goodrich, proinment institute worker in Wisconsin, that "One cent's worth of oil meal will do the calves and pigs as much good as a pound of butter. ' ' "There are over 17,000,000 cows engaged in elaborating the casein, milk sugar, and albumen that go to make up the solids of skim milk a it and they produce 7,866,392,674 ! gallons of milk yearly, of which | .3,751,107 gallons are used in tnak-1 ing butter. This leaves the skim j milk residue of 30,969,147,186 pounds to be used or wasted as the taste and fancy of the owners may j desire." , If this food product could be : made to return its maximum value | it would represent over $60,000,000 ; and take its place high in the list j of the valuable food assets of the country ; that it does not is due to | many reasons chief among them carelessness, waste and ignorance —carelessness in handling the material, waste in using it, and ignorance as to the possibilities shut up in this immense mass of undeveloped food. The average farmer looks on it much as he does on other troubles <hat he has be come accustomed to from habit, one of those things that help to keep a dairyman discontented with his lot. and not a source of income. A4 of which is. but should not he Cream Separators on Farm. The following excellent article is from a practical farmer's wife, Mrs. Tacy B. Mathews, who thus relates her experiences in the Practical Farmer, in dairying both with and yvithout the aid of the cream separator, showing its great economical utility in the dairy. She says : Some years ago a creamery started in our neighborhood and we began sending milk to it. At first the price paid for milk was quite good, sometimes running over $1 per 100, and the milk was tested twice a week ; I believe this was carefully and correctly done. While this was the case we thought the dairy business would prove profitable, and planned to increase the number of cows. It was not long, however, before the price of milk went so low as often to be but 60 cents per 100 for milk testing 4 per cent. And no matter how good the cows were, the test of none of the farmers would go above 4 per cent, while some seldom reached that point. Our test was always marked "4." We sold some milk in the village. This was put into Mason's glass jars and the cream came one-third the distance down the jar. Persons buying milk of us claimed to be unable to obtain such rich milk elsewhere. We decided to churn some cream ourselves and see if we were only making 4 pounds of butter per 100. As a result we found we made between 5 and 6 pounds in stead. We immediately stopped sending to the creamery and began making butter in the old-fashioned way. We decided cold water was a good enough separator for us, if it would give us between one and two pounds more butter per 100. We continued to make butter in this way for a year or so ; and I confess we were prejudiced against separators. One evening, just be fore milking time, a team stopped at the house and a young man asked permission to separate our even ing's milk for us. We told him it was useless to waste his time in showing his separator to us, as we were well satisfied with our spring house, and desired no change. But at last we gave in, and he set the machine, separated the milk and washed it in less time than it would have taken to hpve skimmed the same quantity, and washed and scalded the pans containing it. This was the first time we had seen a hand machine; and the quality of the cream was so fine that we felt sorry to see him replace the separa tor in his wagon the next morning. We began to think, perhaps, that in the far distant future we would buy one. We did not keep many cows, and had not stable room to increase the number very much. So we reasoned it would not pay us to put so much money into such a tool. The agent noticed we were pleased, so he saw to it we did not forget him, nor the firm he repre sented. At last we allowed him to leave one of his hand machines on trial. To try it as a money saver we exactly divided our milk for a tew milkings, putting one-half in to pans and treating it as usual, while the other half was separated. When the churning was completed the scales showed the following record : 69 ounces of butter from milk set away, aud 91 ounces from same quantity separated, again of 22 ounces in iavor of the separator. Pork sold low, and milk does not fatten very much, anyhow. It would make a large hole iu the corn pile before the pigs would be ready to convert into pork, even if fed so much butter ; so we concluded not ! to furnish them such a large per | cenr of cream any longer; and in a few days the separator was our own. j We have used the separator since, and have had no expense in con nection with it, except for the oil. j There seems to be nothing to get , out of order except some rubber : rings, which have to be replaced | once in a while. Everything need ; ful for washing comes with the j machine except a cloth for drying. | then with We first wash off with cold water, warm water and soda, and then scald every part with which the milk comes in contact. In warm weather we hang in the sun to dry ; but if cold or storniv wipe instead. We think the quality of the butter better than before using the separator, and the demand for it is increasing. We though' the skim milk would not do so well for calves, etc., but our young stock do as well on this milk as it had done previously- on otir own skim milk; and better than it did when ! we used to buy- skim milk from the creamery.