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• C. S» Watson the St. Anthony Druggist.
Fhe Teton Peak. PUBLISHED IN THE GARDEN SPOT OF SOUTHEASTERN IDAHO. VOL. VI ST. ANTHONY, FREMONT COUNTY, IDAHO, THURSDAY, SEPT.. 16, 1904. NO. 22. Fire at Idaho Falls. Last Sunday night almost every business block in Idaho Falls was wiped out by fire which started about 9 o'clock in the Butte Cafe and burned for seven hours. Fan ned by a wind which blew with al iiiost hurricane violence, the fire sff ept down Broadway, destroying eV ery building for nearly seven blocks. The fire department was utterlv unable to check the flames, and the fire burned itself out. The fire was confined to the business district , no residences were destroy ed. Loss w ill reach $300,0(X) with small insurance. Preparations are already under way for clearing the ruins for rebuilding. Among the heavy losers are the Consolidated Wagon & Machine company, #95, 000; Coltman Lumber Co., #40,000 ; 0. k Wilbur, clothing, $10,000; Johnson & Co., harness, $5,000. This is said to be the worst fire in the history of southeastern Ida ho, and probably one of the laTgest that has occurred in the state. Bus iness in Idaho Falls will practica bly be at a stand still for several days until the people recover from the shock and the "heavy losses sustained by its leading and repre sentative business men. Those who sustained smaller los ses are: Ray Smith, jewelry, $2, 500; insured for #500. Frank Smith, glassware and notions, # 1,500, insurance #500. Frank Cutter, barber shop, #800, insur ance $125. W. Rawson, barber shop, $500, no insurance. Harry Carr, barber shop, $100, no insur ance. Idaho Packing Co,, meat market, $1,000, iusuranoe $300. Matt LaRouche, blacksmith shop, $600, no insurance. John Leeb, saloon, $1,0C0, no insurance. Butte Bakery, $1,500, insurance not known. Johnson & Catmul, #2,500, insurance, $800. John Vania, carpenter, and Harry Na gle machine and blacksmith shop, also both lost buildings and most of their tools and material. There were many other comparatively small losses. The fire department did heroic work, better was never rendered by a volunteer force of firemen, and except for their exceptionally fine work the entire business part of the city would have burned. It was only by the most determined effort that the fiâmes were prevent ed from crossing the streets and thus involving other blocks. Many had their hands and faces badly blistered. Two spectators were slightly iujured, one by a fal ling pole and the other by a burn of the face. Fortunately the wind was com paratively light otherwise a large part of the town would have been endangered. The two story brick on the southwest corner of Broad way and Park avenue, was the only building in the block saved, h is owned by Dr. Franklin LaRue and Jerry Deneen and occupied by W. 3. Jackson as a drug store and restaurant, the upper floors being used as the office of Drs. LaRue and Bridges and the family of Mr. Jackson. The damage to the build ing is nominal and Mr. Jackson's loss is principally confined to dam née by water. I'be flames lit up all the sur rounding country with a lurid glare and people came in for several .. # "» es to witness the conflagration. Later. —The loss reported by the fi re at Idaho Falls was not so great as at first estimated, but it will exceed $200,000. with insurance of a quarter of that amount. The flames swept one entire business block, with the exception of one J»ct,„ bU n di " 8, """T* ! h Jackson riritor et«™ and dining son Drug store ball. The ground is already be J"K cleared and substantial brick: b °cks will replace the burned buildinw will replace the burned »»gs.____ banners will do well to insure 'cur lmy w j t h FuiJer and Moore. Maine Roils up 30,000. Portland, Maine, Sept. 13.—The Republicans of Maine were success ful yesterday, William T. Cobb being elected governor by a plural ity which will probably reach 30, 000. This estimate is based on returns from three hundred and fift\ out of five hundred and twen ty-two cities, towns and planta tions, which give Cobb 71,085, and Cyrus W. Davis (Dem.), 46, 162. The plurality will probably be about 3300 smaller than that of four years ago. All the present congressmen, (Republicans), are re-elected by pluralities of from 5000 to 8000. A noticable feature of the falling off of the Republican plurality was that of Portland which was about 700. The Demo cratic sheriff and the Democratic senator are elected there. Portland. Me., .Sept. 13.—Re turns for governor in yesterday's state election up to midnight last night from 100 cities and towns give Cobb, Republican, 24,034; Davis, Democrat, 14,987. In 1900 these places gave Hill, Republican, 22,445, and Lord, Democrat, 12,020. The returns so far show a Democratic gain of ,1378 and on the basis of the present re turns Cobb's plurality is estimated at about 29,000. Indian School Opened, The new Fort Hall training school opened on Monday of this week and the old art Hall board ing school was abandoned at 8 o'clock Monday morning. The new plant is not quite completed but nearly enough for Contractor Owen to accommodate 150 IdWian children gathered in by Indian Agent Caldwell. This number will be augmented by another hundred within two weeks. Old Fort Hall, which has been used for an Indian boarding school since its abandonment as military post, will be a thing of the past, so far as Government ownership is concerned, after this. One or two of the best buildings will be torn down and re-erected at the agency, but the greater number will be issued to the Indians, and will be removed intact to their various farms on different parts of tbe reservation. If some of the officers who were stationed at old Fort Hall in tbe 60's were to return to the reserva tion now they would find tbe men they were sent there to fight living in their houses and bringing up their families as peaceab'y, even if not as cleanly, as they had their own. _____ Mistaken for a Deer. Neihart, Mont., Sept. 12.—Mis taken for a deer, Charles Wittala was instantly killed yesterday by Matt. Sands. The two men were members of a camoing party, and Wittala, thinking to bag an ani mal in the earlv morning, was leaving camp when Sands, aroused by his friend's movement, and thinking him to be a deer in the uncertain light, blazed away with a rifle, sending a bullet clear through Wittala's head. Mormons in Mexico. City of Mexico, Sept. 12. —Dr. John H. Reider of the Mexican Bureau of Colonization announces that arrangements have been com Lllcll --- ---- | , , with ' the Mormon authorities P ieict ' " 11 - 'Upectedn timber tract of 45.000 c of Utah for the location of seveial additional colonies in Mexico. It is probable that several hundred Mormon families will be located in the State of Michoacan. Some time ago W. \1 • Cluff and H. R. Kline of Salt Lake City in ; colonization pur taken P°* acres in that State, and it is un derstood that this tract will he ASHCRAFT JEWELRY COM PANY. THE TARIFF AND THE SOUTH. Enormous Advantages That Have Resulted From the Morrill Law of 1861. Whether theories are true or false is demonstrated by experience. 1 be War of the Rebellion was a test in which both theories under went trial. The Southern States had for years prior to the war ad vocated Free-Trade and carried it out to its legitimate results—a ruined and prostrate people. On the contrary the Northern States had advocated the theory of Protection. The result was strong and united people, who were able to meet the great burden of debt incurred by the war, and have made the credit of the United States the best in the world. No nation can borrow money at so low a rate of interest. While it is nearly forty years since the war closed, it is well at this time to review the facts and lay before the American public the conditions of the people of the two sections of the Union. FiTst—The people of the South prior to and during the war had every natural resource to make a people rich and independent. The political economy adopted by the South was expressed by Jefferson Davis in his first inaugural address as president of the Confederacy. He said : "An agricultural people, whose chief interest is in the ex port of a commodity (meaning cot ton) required in every manufactur ing country, our true policy is peace, and tbe freest trade our necessities will permit." Horace Greeley said, nearly twenty years before the days of secession, in a debate with Samuel J. Tilden and Parke Goodwin, who were Free-Traders: "The nation whiah is eminently agricultural and grain exporting, which de pends mainly or principally on other nations for its regular sup plies for manufactured fabrics, has been comparatively a poor nation, and ultimately a dependent nation." The following, from a speech of the late Hon. H. W. Grady, a progressive Southerner, eloqueutly and truthfully describes the condi tion of the Southern soldier at the surrender of Lee: Think of him as ragged, half starved, heavy-hearted, enfeebled by wounds and want; ; having fought to exhaustion, he surrenders his gun, wrings the bauds of his comrades in silence, and lifting his tear strained and pallid face for the last time to the graves that dot the old Virginia hills, (Malls his gray cap over his eyes and begins the slow and painful journey. What does he find?—let me ask you who went to your homes eager to find in the welcome you had justly earned full payment for four years' sacri fice—what does he find when, hav ing followed the battle stained cross against overwhelming odds, dreading death not half so much as surrender, he reaches the home he left so prosperous and beautiful? He finds his slaves free, his stock killed, his barns empty, his trade destroyed, his money worthless, without mouey, credit, employment or material. These truths were expressed at a New England dinner, December 21*, 1887. In these three quotations we have the false theory announced by Davis, what the result would be, : by Mr. Greeley, and the truth of Mr. Greeley's assertion affirmed by Mr. Grady's eloquent words. Second -At the commencement of tbe war the people of the North were totally unprepared for the gigantic struggle they had made to preserve tbe Union. It was not the lack of loyal men that was the main difficulty, but to equip them, create a navy and carry on the war ro a successful issue involved a great serious problem. The people of the North cheerfully and patient Iv submitted to taxation. Specie'194 : a payment having been suspended, the ( Government must have gold to meet its payments of interest. It was provided that the duties should be paid in gold. By the effect of suspension of specie payments gold went at once to a premium, and the higher the premium the higher the custom duties became. At one time the premium on gold was #2.50—that is, $1 in gold would purchase as much as $2.50 in paper currency. Yet it was during the time there was a premium on gold that some of the great indus tries that have been a source of wealth were started in the United States. One of the lesser industries, the manufacture of spool cotton, is a striking illustration of the result of that high Tariff. The duty on spool cotton was 6 cents a dozen, which, plus the premium on gold in 1864 and 1865, was extremely high. It was at this time that the Clark Thread Works at Newark, N. J., were started and the Coats works at Providence, R. I., were commenced. Both were brought to this country to save their Amer ican market. The result of indus try has been remarkable. In 1884 the consumption of thread was said to be $11,000,000 annually, of which 80 per cent, was made in this country. In that lesser industry we see that $8,800,000 annually was kept in the Untied States and added to the wealth of the nation. In twenty years that alone made $220,000, 000. The silk industry is another instance of what the Tariff of 1861 accomplished in the manufacturing of the country. In the census of 1890, Mr. Bryon Rose, who prepared the report of the silk industry, brings out very clearly the result of the Morrill Tariff on that branch. He says the census of 1850 showed that the value of silk cloth made here was $17,050. In 1860 no mention whatever was made of that class of production. Mr. Rose further says : "During the war the production was greatly stimulated owing in part to the frequent deficiencies in the foreign supply, and in part to the excessive cost due to the high premium on gold. ' ' Mr. W. C. Wycoff, special agent of the tenth census (1880), in his report of American silk manufac ture, prepared under the auspices of the Silk Association published in 1887, says: But neither the close of the war nor the Tariff proved so effective a lever for a few years in raising up American silk manufacture as did the high prices of gold. Competi tion with various European fab rics, especially ribbons, handker chiefs and lining silks, first became practicable when gold rose to a premium that confined imports to the other classes of goods which we were not yet ready to make. The branches of manufacture thus founded, being supported by the Tariff, gained a permanent place and have since developed largely. The following brief table shows that the development of the silk industry has added greatly to the wealth of the country : Made in Imports. United States. $32,961,120 $6,607,771 24,219,981 12,210,662 31,348,948 41,033,045 37.363,145 87.298,454 26,803,534 107,256,258 What a change! In 1860 there was imported nearly five times as much silk as was made at home, while in 1900 there was made in the United States more than four times as much silk goods as was imported. The one item of wages is suffic ient to illustrate the great advan tage the silk industry has been to the people of the United States. In 1860 the total wages paid in that industry was $1,150,224; in 1900 the total wages paid was 820.982, If the average wages paid 1860 1870 1880 1890 1900 to annually is $11,000,000 for 40 years $440,000,000 has been retain ed in this country for labor which has gone into the wealth of the nation. If we examine the pottery indus try we will find the same result. The Morrill Tariff, plus the pre mium on gold, gave this industry such an impetus that it has grown to be one of the greatest import ance. In this brief resume of the census tables we see the facts upon which James G. Blaine in his incompara ble letter of acceptance of the Re publican nomination for President in 1884, based his statement that the wealth of the United States had increased more in twenty-five years under the Morrill Tariff than in the two hundred and fifty years of its previous history. The philosophy of the statement was stated by Abraham Lincoln when he said: "If we buy a ton of pig iron of England, England gets the money and we get the iron. But if we make the iron, we have both the money and the iron. ' ' These historical facts, so well authenticated, flatly contradict every statement made by the Free Traders. Third—The reason that has been assigned for the suffering and pov erty of the South during the war the enforcement of the blockade of the Southern ports, but this is not the primary cause. Though you should build an impassable wall along Mason and Dixon's line from the Atlantic to the Pacific, aud put every Southern port under the most rigid blockade, the people of the South, with their great natural resources which they have always possessed, aud now with the indus tries they have established under the fostering care of the Protective policy, could supply themselves with every needed comfort and most of the luxuries of life. This assertion is proved by a glance at the industries of Alabama, Georgia, South Carolina and North Carolina as revealed by the census tables of 1900. It is shown that in I860, the last census prior to the war, there were in the above named states 193,700 spindles. The pro duct of the cotton mills was $5, 170,451. These states had in 1900 3,794,054 spindles, and the output was $84,794,054. All the other Southern States that were in the Confederacy show a great increase in the same industry. In the iron industry, Alabama in 1870 produc ed only 6,304 tons; in 1880, 56,237 tons; in 1890, 864,120 tons; in 1900, 1,303,595 tons. Virginia in 1870 produced 33,782 tons of iron; in 1900, 449,060 tons. In 1900 Alabama was fourth in rank in the making of iron and steel. In the manufacture of lumber all the Southern States show a wonderful increase. When this great increase is com pared with the growth of popula tion it is marvelous. From 1860 to 1900 the population of the Southern States named increased from 4,937,447 to 91,35,338—a small fraction less than 85 pei cent. During the same 40 years in the same five states the increase of tbe products of the cotton mills aud iron furnaces increased more than 1,539 per cent. With the excep tion of the four years of war and the three disastrous years of the Wilson Free-Trade Tariff, this stupendous increase was uuder the Protective policy, which the states men of those five Southern States opposed. No argument for the Tariff can be more effective than the contrast between the South, which advocat ed and adopted Free-Trade, and the North, upon which the stress of circumstances forced a high Tariff; yet from its effect there came a great industrial revival, which saved the Republic. The political economy adopted ' of at of in in by the South previous to the war proved a great blunder, and verified the saying "that whom the gods would destroy they first make mad. " In the light of these historical facts, which have fully shown the folly of Free-Trade and the wisdom of Protection, how frothy is the rhetoric of Bourke Cochran in his wordy fulmination against Protec tion, and how false the statements and illogical the argument of the Free-Trade press and Democratic Congressman. It is well to restate the facts of the effects of tile war Tariff upon the industries of the nation, to show how false are the allegations made against the system of Protec tion. The time will come when the schedules will need readjusting, and it will be proper to make it, but that is far different from de stroying the system which has been so beneficial. Oscar Jerrery. Washington, July 22, 1904. The question is asked: "Who among our workingmen is willing to favor a Tariff change which would reproduce in the country the stagnation, idleness and distress of the years following 1893? What workingman does not see the wis dom of a Protective policy which maintains a higher average wage in the United States than that which obtains in Europe?" Our myriads of industrial workers will heartily agree with the President that Tariff readjustment, when made, must maintain and not de stroy the Protective principle, Ungentle Critics. The campaign the Democrats are making against the Tariff is not savage enough to suit Free Trade journals like the New York "Times" and "Evening Post." Curiously enough, the only part of the Tariff plank in the Chicago platform which these newspapers cordially admire is the part Bryan wrote: "Protection is a robbery." What they don't like and don't hesitate to deprecate is Candidate Parker's gingerly treatment of the Tariff in his speech of acceptance. They seem to think that the head of the party of Free-Trade cuts a queer figure when he begs to assure the country that there is really no danger that the Tariff will be rip ped up so long as the Republicans hold a majority in the Senate. The "Times" and "Post" refuse to be calmed or reassured by any such statement. , Believing, with Bryan, Champ Clark, Williams, Bailey, Cockrau, and the rest of the custom house abolisheis, that to Protect domestic labor and industry is a felony, they are unable to understand why Can didate Parker should refrain from pledging his administration, if elected, to undertake the supression of the crime of Protection at the earliest opportunity. Senate or no Senate. But the "Times" and "Post" seem to forget that it isone thing to edit Free-Trade newspa pers and a very different thing to run for the Presidency on the Dem ocratic ticket. They don't need votes; Parker does. They ar inconsiderate and unkind. If Pi.' ker shook} come out openly for ti elimination of Protection from or Tariff system he would scare aw;; a grear many votes among conser vative business men. To be sane safe and reasonable is Parker's e until after ejection. Then, F a goes well with the Demor* ticket, the ripping up proct come as a matter of course. Thomas Budford, repri •• Hamilton-Brown Shoe com] St. Louis, was in the city t of the week and sold a nie^ of shoes to J. D. Baker and Mr. Bucfford also made a c with the Peak to adverti: famous shoe..