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Tiiî- TETON PEAK-CHRONICLE
/ l BLUSHED IN THE GARDES SPOT OF SOUTHEASTERN IDAHO VOL. VI ST. ANTHONY, FREMONT COUNTY, IDAHO, THURSDAY, APRIL 13, 1906 NO. 81 September 7th, Idaho Day. Boise, Idaho, April 10.—Gover nor Gooding today announced that September 7th would be Idaho Day at the Lewis and Clark Exposition in Portland. The exposition auth orities have been notified of the selection of this date, and the state. will be protected in its selection. ! As vet there has been no consulta- j tion relative to the character of the j exercises on that day, but it generally supposed that an attempt will be made by Governor Good ing, accompanied by his staff to be present, and that some form of ora torical exercises will be arranged for. , . Executive Commissioner R. W. McBride has returned from Port land, where he has been during the past several weeks, arranging for the construction of the Idaho build ing. Mr. McBride states that the work on the builindg is progress ing as rapidly as could be hoped for. When he left Portland on Friday, the frame was up, and the rafters for the roof were being placed in position. The contrac tors have bonded themselves to have the exhibition hall ready for nse by the 21st of this month, and that the whole building will be turned over entirely completed a month later. Between forty and fifty men were at work on the building, when Mr. McBride left Portland, and this number will be largely increased some time this week. Commissioner M. J. Wessels, who has entire charge of the agri cultural exhibits, has been notified that he can begin the placing of I his exhibits by April 20h. He now has four carloads of exhibits, the choice of what was used in St. Louis stored in Portland. Mr. Wessels also has a large amount of agricultural display stuff that has not been shipped to Portland, but which will lie the latter part of the month. Commissioner Fred J. Bradley, who is in full charge of the mining exhibit, left this afternoon for the Coeur d'Alene and Clearwater min ing regions. While gone he will endeavor to secure the finest dis play of mineral that has ever come from the northern portion of the state. Oue of the choicest exhibits that will be made by Idaho in Portland, wiil be the educational exhibit. Specal space has been provided in the main hall for this purpose. The j fine exhibit shown at St. Lou s mil be shown and will be largely I added to bv schools from all por tions of the state. Already the , Academy o Idaho, at Pcoatello , has prepared a fine exhibit, asjvejl j Idaho Falls, St. Authouv, other small districts in other i I as the public schools in Caldwell. por tions of the state. Col. Allen Miller, state immi gration commissioner, left for the northern portion of the state last week, expecting to be gone long enough to visit each of the five northern counties. Col. Miller is arranging for the gathering of statistics of labor, commerce, agri culture and manufacture. During his present trip he will make a start at gathering labor statistics in the Coeur d'Alene district aud statistics of lumber manufacture in Kootenai county. The matter of the site for the new capitol building is still unde cided. The board of capitol com misisoners, it is understood would greatly prefer to occupy the present capitol site, provided sufficient additional grounds can be obtained at a reasonable price. If the pres ent site is maintained the commis sion would require that the ceutral school block, just west of the pres ent capitol block, should be secured and that State Street and the south half of the two blocks north of the capitol block and the central school block should also be secured. A building, of size originally plan ned could then be built, and suffic ient grounds be left for handsome grounds. If this site as planned cannot be obtained, the commis sioners will probably select the Tiner tract at streets. Here a very tract has tieeu offered at a reasona ble price. The grounds in the Tiner tract are large enough to per mit of a pretty park, in addition to the capitol site. l'lie board of wagon road tt'issioners, were in session hays last week, aud on adjourn 't was decided that the commission would meet again on April V barren, when the two commission 's.' in company with Gov. Good . Fort and Eighth : handsome , ! coni .P any , Wlt i 1 a man fron ' the state j eil If' neer s office, will make a trip j ,°' er 1>jU te of tlie ing. won Id go over the route of the proposed road into Big Creek dis trict. Recently, however, it has l>een learned that the roads will not have liecome sufficiently settled by that time for it to be easily pos sible to make the trip. Instead of this trip, the commisisoners I night. projxrsed road from Boise to Atlau ta. I here seems to be a general sen timent that the road commissioners will decide favorably on the War ren Big Creek road, provided the parties interested and who will be particularly benefitted will make the demand of the state, to pay half the expense of putting in the road. RICKS ACADEMY NOTES. Rexburg, April 11.—The Acad emy student body met last Friday and elected an executive committee after which a progiam was render ed. Chas. McAllister gave a short lecture on Robert's Rules of Order. Eric Johnson discussed the benefits of a normal course. The advantages of business education was shown by Mr. Hawkes. The Academy wiU close on May 5th, instead of May 12th, the date mentioned in the annual. During the last week of school a program will lie rendered every night. The graduating class will give the final entertainment. Prof. Kirkham has returned to his classes this week. The next Academy dance will >e given at Sugar City on Friday The final examination in plane geometry was given yesterday. The results are highly satisfactory. Many students have taken the opportunity to do work in the spec ial courses given this year. The special courses are, elocution, music, sewing and mauudl .train ing. •' . The attendance is holding out well. A few boys were called home at the opening of spring to assist in work upon the farms. The botany class have mounted and classified a large number of specimens of the local flora. ORDINANCE NO. 104. An ordinance relating to the lay ing of plank sidewalk on Bridge Street in the village of St. Anth to mak Wah a)so ^ ^ and establishing crossings at f s ^ - - " , , Qts and owners of lots | £ frQnt of which sa id sidewalks, j may ^ lajd to for said side . sidewalks i may intersect streets; and relating i I to the levying ol an assessment 1 wajks; a)so providiug f or the width and material to be used in the con struction of said sidewalk. ■' Be it ordained by the Chairman and Board of Trustees of the Vil läge of St. Anthony : — . ..... Section 1. That there shall be laid and constructed a plank side walk commencing at the Southwest corner of Block No. 29; thence north along the east side of Bridge Street to the Northwest corner of Block No. 4. Sec. 2. The sidewalk herein provided for shall be four feet wide with two inch lumber securely nail ed on two stringers of 2 x 6 lum ber, laid on necessary mud sills. Sec. 3. There shall be laid and constructed plank crossings at all places where the above described sidewalk shall intersect or cross any street or alley of the village of St. Anthony, at the expense of said village. Sec. 4. That said sidewalk and j crossing shall he constructed under ! the supervision of the Road Over SC cl c 5 That said sidewalk shall be "built ' and constructed and the I cost thereof shall be paid by the owners of the lots in front of : which said sidewalk is to be laid. | Sec 6 The owners of lots in ! front of which each sidewalk is to ----- . irp hf'rehv : be laid aud constructe , ,a,U ww. to be laid and " nst ™***î; d * spec ' thereof shall be deeD,e ^ t P ^ f ; required to build and construct said sidewalk in conformity with . this Oidinance and have the same : com pU-ted not later than May 1, 1905, and they are hereby notified that tioou their failure to do so. the village Board will cause the ^aine upon the lots Clerk, Pro Tern. FREMONT COUNTY AS SHE LOOKS. j j St. Anthony the Favored City as She Is-A Brief Write-Up r i . r t 1 i t TX-. , —, I ol this section ol Idaho by a Disinterested Party. Countv, St. Anthony. Fremont Idaho,March IB, 1905. As I stand here in the streets of St. Anthony, Idaho, the county capital of Fremont County, able to look over a country as-^arge as one of the New England States* of wide prairies, rolling foot-hills, and towering mountains thirty to seventy-five miles distant. Away to the eastward, catching the rising sun at a distance of sixty miles, rise in their imperial majes ty the triple heads of the Three Tetons, almost three miles above ocean tide and seeming to hold up the very sky. In all the region around these mighty buttresses is found the best large game and fish ing country in these United States, but it is not with these matters that I have to deal in this letter. What appeals to me most, as I drive over and examine this vast, irrigated farming country, is its table-like smoothness, its complete system of irrigation canals and lastly, its incredible yields of small grains, grasses and sugar beets. What I am going to tell your read ers will look almost unreasonable to them, but I have carefully veri fied every figure I am going to give as to yields secured by the farmers in this country. They are a mat ter of common knowledge here and there are hundreds of farmers who will bear out every figure I quote. This is a big country—a big, level country. It looks like a smooth table of absolutely level land for miles and miles around Sf. Anthony, but it is in reality not so, for here is a considerable slope to the •west and southwest that can not be sect) by the eye but isdenot- i i - - — -■ ---- : ■■ : : §L : .V ■ yvg. ; pr*: V -V ; * • • -V - • V Cultivating Beets in Fremont County. ed by the brisk flow in the irriga tion canals and in the big, rapid flowing Snake Rber. There are j ,-rr ------. _x . three different kinds of soils in this country. Upon the Egin Bench ; west and southwest of town it is j what they call here a fine decom posed basalt, jam full of fertility, aud the prettiest land to plow I have ever seen. It is not a sand but just a deep, gritty soil that two horses will plow through almost down to the beam. Upon the east and south side of the Snake River is an extensive country, a part of which is a rich, loamy clay and a part of it is black soil with a small amount of gravel in it. I can not see that there is auy difference at all in the size of the stubble on these different kinds of soils; at least people here tell me there are j not three bushels to the acre varia ! tion in the yields on any of these different kinds of soils and they are all the most beautiful land to culti vate I have ever seen on account of I their perfect smoothness and the loamy nature of the ground : On all these lands irrigation is | the rule but farther eastward from ! St. Anthony is a very extensue countrycalled the Marysville and : Sauirrel Creek country, where the| rainfall is much larger, and regu lar crops are raised, dependent up on rainfall alone. Here some very I large yields have been secured without irrigation. One Farmer raised 350 bushels of barlev from ' 7 bushels of seed; and ordinarily ! fiftv hnshels of oats are raised per ' acre No rainfall farming any f ; ^ f e can equal in big yields and fields i intervals* of tvo «r three hundred roads here are all 100 feet wide so you ride right along by clear run ning streams everywhere, no lack of stock water here. There are over 1,200 miles of irrigation can als in Fremont County and more are building all the time. They are not owned by corporations and compauies but were built and are owned by tue farmers themselves, and the yearly cost of water per acre is consequently very low in deed, ranging only from 10 to 15 cents per acre, which is as nothing when the certainty and bigness of the crops are insured thereby. Farmers here say that they like irrigation because life is too short to have any «short crops, not to speak of failures, and irrigation makes theii* crops big every year and no slips at all; in fact, a far mer said to me today that he could just about tell what yield he would have a year before his crop was harvested so certain and regular are the yields secured in this way of farming. Some of these canals are almost rivers in size. Many of them are 30 feet wide and three to five feet deep and as we drive across them the water often runs into the bug gy-box. Here it almost seems as if they can make water run up hill ; canals cross each other in all direc tions and when they meet one is carried in a board flume right'over the other. But of all remarkable things about the way tbey carry on irriga tion here is that they do not, ex cept upon the clay loams, have to run the water over the latjd. The water is just turned Into the small furrows plowed across the land at feet and it soaks into the ground i and makes the crops jump under j the warm summer sun of this fine ( . -i:.—... climate, ; One farmer who lives four miles j west of town who is farming 160 acres tells me that he has raised 110 bushels of oats per acre and that his average, year by year, is over 75 bushels per acre, and those oats weigh from 40 to 46 pounds to the measured bushel. As I tested them they were heavy in my hand like wheat, with large, plump ber ry and bright color. The farmer feeds his cattle on beet pulp from the sugar factory which he gets for 35 cents per toil and that with oat straw has brought his cattle through the win-j ter at small cost and in prime 1 shape. His sugar beets turned off IB tons per acre upon an average from 20 acres he had in last year. This is surelv the chosen home of the small grains. I have traveled over seventy-five miles and have vet to see even one jioor stubble field. The stubble is all alike, that is. big, stiff and strong, for at this season I can only judge from the grain in the bin and the stub ble in the fields. I will now give some facts and ! figures that are fit food to ponder;I over. The average yield of wheat | I upon irrigated lands is forty bush- f els per acre, of oats 75 bushels jier ! acre, and of barley 65 bushels per ! ' acre ; and with such yields as these ! there must of necessity be the very finest quality and heavy weight per bushel. Wheat is usually 65 founds, oats 40 to 46 pounds and Potatoes here are right at the front as you can see. Prices at prestnt are about as follows : Oats 42 cents per bushel ; wheat 82 cents per bushel ; barley 56 cents per bushel ; hay in town (alfalfa) $5 to #10 per ton, and in the country for feeding from stack #4 to #6 per ton. Alfalfa here is cut twice a season and yields four tons per acre besides the grazing gotten from it. All clovers do well but alfalfa is the crown and pride of Idaho, as it is of the other Pacific Coast States. This is a fine cattle, sheep and horse country. The millions of acres of tall bunch grass range and abundance of feed raised by irriga tion makes stock raising profitable. Butte, Portland and San Francisco are the principal markets here on the Coast. Here are some yields secured around St. Anthony : A farmer four miles out raised 75 bushels of wheat and 112 bushels of oats per acre. Another got 565 bushels of wheat from 11 acres. Still anoth er had no failure of wheat for ten years and an average for that time of 55 bushels per acre. Another secured 41 bushels per acre from 80 acres. One raised 112 bushels of oats per acre weighing 46 pounds per bushel. Another threshed 110 bushels field peas to the acre. An other one dug 583 bushels of pota toes from one acre. Twelve St. Anthony potatoes weighed 51 pounds. This is not Georgia, but one watermelon raised here weigh ed 43 pounds. All these yields are matters of common knowledge here and can be verified as absolutely correct. * . But biggest of all. hnd full 'of meaning to this country are the four big beet-sugar factories, now completed aud in operation in Fre ---- —j Bingham mont and Bingham counties, its neigbor on the South. Over four million dollars have been invested in them and their great buildings and 200-foot chimneys tower high above the level farmstead and dom inate the level landscape. Over 73X10 acres of sugar beets were raised within sight of St. Anthony last year and more will go in this year. These big factories show what capitalists think of this coun try. Sugar beets run high in sugar here and are a source of big reve vue to the farmers and they are running up the price of land fast, though it is still reasonably low 1 and still within the means of the thrifty, industrious farmer. The beets raised here run from 10 to 25 tons per acre in yield. The price paid anywhere at the railroad Short Line is 94. pw per everything is hired, the cost of raising and harvesting is #40 per acre and profits run from #5 to #72 per acre. It is a business that gives employment to the children as well as grown people and it is therefore d stations of the Oregon Line is #4.50 per ton. If ! a big money-maker in the country, went to one big million-dollar | factory south of St. Anthony yes f terday and saw sacks of sugar ! sufficient in number to fill two or ! three grain elevators in an Illinois or Minnesota town. I notice that since they have put in these big factories the farmers are building fine brick and stone farm buildings, all over ,'hU extended _ farming IS county seat and a sure hustler. It is built on the banks of the Snake River and its site is very attractive, There are fine brick and stone häT™? ÄÄ iTL,," money and its large and well-as money and its sorted stocks of goods are the best indication of the fast growing wealth of this country. They have electric lights, and power, water works, and the purest water that can be found, for it is derived from the melting snows of the high mountains of the main range of the Rockies to the eastward and north ward. Many farmers who have already become wealthy are renting their farm and moving to town to educate their children and as they can rent their farms for a cash rent of from #7 to #10 per acre and for sugar beet crops they can get a big income in that manner. What this sugar-beet business meaus to this country can be well understood when I say that farmers around here will be paid alone from one factory over #500,000 for their crop of this year's beets. I have already made this letter too long. I will cut off right here hut it would take volumes to do justice to the farming advantages of this grand region. But, one word more. Land under irrigation can still be bounght here at a low price. Twenty-five miles northeast of St. Authony are 6,500 acres of new ir rigated lands of fine quality that can be bought foi #10.50 per acre with a small first payment down and long time at low interest. In due time these lauds will go to #50 to #100 per acre. The United States Government is now considering a project for watering a very fine tract of homestead land of 350,000 acres lying from 18 to 40 miles west of St. Anthony. In the older well-settled and developed country around St. An thony improved and unimproved land of the best quality can still be purchased at very reasonable cost, cottfidering the big .profits realized from Small grain and sugar beets; but the coming of the beet factories near here is cansing land to rise rapidly in value. To the northeast ward is the extensive rainfall coun try where thousands of acres of grain are raised without irrigation and where there is an abundance of rich, low-priced land still to be had David R. M'Ginnis, In The "Kansas Farmer.'' (I have read with a great deal of interest this prospectus and can heartily endorse the statements con tained therein. F. R. Gooding, Governor of Idaho. ) Loan and Savings Company Organized. C. W. Gray of Pocatello, repre senting The Western Loan and Savings Company of Salt Lake was in the city a couple of days the lat ter part of last week. Mr Gray succeeded in organizing a local board here and will return about the 20th inst., to complete the or ganization. 1 he Western Loan and Savings Company was established in 1892, and is a strong institution. For several years it has been doing bus iness in Pocatello, Blackfoot, Idaho Falls and Rexburg. State Agent Gray overlooked St. Anthony on account of having so much business in the southern part of the state that it was hard lor him to get this far away. However, aftei having come here and seeing this rich and prosperous country, he was very much elated and was only a few - I hours in getting our leading citi ! zens interested. This institution is examined annually by the Bank Examiners of Utah and Montana, who carefully inspect every item of its assets, and ascertain the liabil ities. If they should find at times that the assets were not sufficient to meet the liabilities, or that the business was not being honestly conducted, it would be their dutv to take such legal steps as would be necessary to protect the interests of the sharenolders. The establish ing of a local board in our city will be ol great benefit to the citizens and will enable those owning lets to borrow money at a low rate of interest for building purposes. In stead of paying rent the money is applied on the interest and princi pal. and in a few years the home is paid for and the rent is all saved. Later we will publish the plan upon which the company does bus iness.