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THE TETON PEAK-CHRONICLE.
NO. 62 HEYBURN PRESENTS Eloquent Protest Against Forest Reserve. FACTS Proposed Shows That County and State Would be Shamefully Imposed on if Reserve Stands. During the past two weeks Sena tor Hey burn has been making a vigorous fight against the proposed Shoshone forest reserve. After having a personal interview w'ith President Roosevelt, he submitted in writing the following argument in support of his contentions, which is a clear and able presentation of the reason why the proposed re serve should not be made : To the President : Pursuant to our conversation relative to the withdrawal of the proposed Shoshone forest reserve, in Shoshone county, Idaho, and the statements concerning the reasons for its creation made by the repre sentatives of the general land office ami the forestry department, on the evening of March 30, ultimo, at White House, I desire to suggest that the altitudes within such with drawal are, except as to the moun tain peaks and higher levels of approach thereto, easily within the limits of successful and convenient settlement. The altitude at Wallace, Idaho, is 2726 feet.' This would apply to the valley of the South fork of the Coeur d'Alene river in a vicinity 0 of several miles extent, the altitude gradually decreasing down said valley to lake Coeur d'Alene, which has an altitude of about 2100 feet. The proposed withdrawal which. ies to the south of the said river leginning at Wallace, except as to the mountain peaks, which consti tute only a small portion of the said proposed withdrawal, has a general elevation of less than 5,000 feet, und there are vast quantities of land within the proposed with drawal ranging in elevation from 15(H) to 4000 feet. That said eleva tions are entirely within the range of. not only possible but comforta ble settlement and residence, may be gathered from a comparison with elevation of other extensive ireas of settlement within the .'ni ted States, having a much less »nifortable climate than the por ion of Idaho under consideration. In Wyoming the vast plains ipon which Cheyenne, Laramie md Rock Creek, and other centers >f population are located, are all ibove 6,000 feet, Cheyenne lieing >105, Laramie City, 7153, Rock Creek 6708. In Colorado the great plains and wheat fields about Denver have an elevation exceed ng 5,000 feet. In the North falley the elevation is al>ove 5000, feet. South Park, Colorado, is bove 6000, feet; the Gunnison 'alley is aboev 70,00 feet ; Colo ado Springs is above 6,000 feet: Manitou valley is above 6,000 feet: fie San Juan valley is above < .000 bet; Greeley is 4649 feet; the fertile and beautiful valley of Reno, Nevada is 4500 feet ; the Treat Carson valley' in Nevada is 700 feet; Ogden valley in Utah, °ted for its fruits, vegetables and rains, is 43(H) feet : Salt Lake alley is 4300 feet. All of these elevated sections the country are noted for their oduction of grains, grasses, fruits ind vegetables and are centers of ilde§opulation, and which a genera forbidding in the °n ago were Ppearance and promise as the »ids proposed to be withdrawn or the Shoshone forest reserve, thich Bave only remained un settled because that the population of the country has not yet de manded these waiting opportuni ties. This withdrawal is on the headwaters of the North Fork of the Clearwater and the St. Joe rivers, and on the south slope of the South Fork of the Coeur d'Alene river. Upon all of these streams lower down than the pro posed reserve, prosperous settle ments, and cities now exist which are every year spreading to the eastward up the streams to their sources, and as I suggested at our recent interview if you will leave this country open to settlement and take the census five years from now, it willjpresent as large per centage of growth in settlement and prosperity as any other section of the country. At the mouth of the Clearwater river, which is only (iO miles down stream from the withdrawal, figs were ripened in the open air along the river during the last season, and the lands along this stream and its tributaries up to the very edge of the reserve pro duce as fine fruits and vegetables as may be found anywhere. The oldest settlement in Idaho is at the very corner of the pro posed reserve, Pierce City, where the first discovery of gold was made in the state and which pro duced. according to Mr. Ban croft's reports, one hundred | millions of dollars from its adjacent ! gold fields, and which todav is a prosperous community of men en gaged in mining and the raising of grains, vegetables and fruits. (Every year sees the settlement push further up these streams and there are now prosperous mining camps and growing settlement right in the very heart of the pro posed reserve. Shoshone county has recently made provisions for the building of a wagon road up Placer creek from Wallace, entirely within the pro posed withdrawal, which wagon road is to Ire built for the accom modation of actual business and actual settlements sufficient to satisfy the commissioners of Sho shone county that the road was needed, a trail having already been constructed from Wallace to the St. Joe river for the purpose of the preliminary accommodation of these settlements. You will recall that the repre sentative of the forestry department stated that a large number of settle ; ments had been found by their rep ; resentative to Ire bogus. Their representatives are evidently un acquainted with the methods of , settlers. They know nothing of | the genesis of the great west. It is so easy to condemn the enterprises I of other men. and their judgment in entering upon the contract, by those who are not in sympathy with them, or advised as to what human energy can do. You will observe that the pro posed reserve extends to the towns of Wallace and Mullan. Wallace has a population of about 1000 people. This reserve will draw a dead line at the very door of that citv and as shown upon the map which the department has furnished me, will actually include a part of the corporate the corporate limits thereof. It includes the wagon roads already constructed at great expense, mines well developed and producing ores. and vested interests which only await the completion of the svstem of public surveys to be perfected into titles. I am making a strenuous effort to extend and complete the public surveys over this very portion of Idaho, in order that the settlers may be enabled to acquire title. \ou will readily understand that unless the public lands are surveyed settlers hesitate to cast their lot up on them not knowing how soon they may be able to perfect their title in the interest of themselves and their families. Last year a considerable part of the money set aside for the survey of public lands in Idaho was re turned to the treasury because that the surveying contracts were not let, and the money was not ex hausted. This was through a mis taken policy that the surveys should not be extended until after the settlement upon each township. The correct rule is that the survey should proceed the settlers as an inducement thereto. I hope to secure such changes in this policy as will place Idaho more nearly upon an equal footing with her sister states. You will be surprised to learn that 55 per cent of the public lands of Idaho are unsurveyed, while in California only 7 per cent remain unsurveyed. In Colorado 6 per cent, in Wyo ming 4 and in Washington 11. It is evident that Idaho is at a dis advantage in the inducements which it can offer to settlers in this particular. As to the climate of the proposed reserve, there is no more delightful or beneficial climate in the United States. It is within the influence of the Japan current, which results in long seasons of warm weather. The country is one that needs no irrigation, being within the humid region, and with an ample snow fall which goes off early enough to allow for the cultivation and ripening of crops. To one unused to that section of the country the land might seem to be sterile and lack those qualities that insure the production of crops, but to those who live there and know the facts, the land is as fertile as that of any other section of the United States and responsed to cultivation in the most satisfactory manner. All men do not desire to live on open prairies or low valleys. There is a fair percentage of the people that prefer to make their home in the mountains and that know how to make those homes productive and prosperous. The field of choice should be left open to them. The people surrounding this section of the country and who are expecting in part to inhabit it, protest against the creation of the forest reserve or any part of it, and they do so, not from a spirit of opposition, nor from a desire of opportunity to defraud the govern ment, or violate the law or its intent, but because they want it left open for settlement which will contribute to the business prosper ity of the country, widening its borders and broadening the field for the extension of its enterprises. The area proposed to be with drawn constitutes more than half the area of Shoshone county and leaves only a narrow strip of the county on the west, averaging about 10 miles in width and 60 miles in length. Aside from this strip of land there remains only that portion of the county covered by the Coeur d'Alene mining dis trict, to which your order of restor ation made during last fall applies. Already the resources of Sho shone county have been diminished and dwarfed bv the withdrawal of Nov. 14, 1903. which has re manied without final action. A withdrawal for any purpose is as effectual in keeping out settlers and enterprises as the final creation | of a forest reserve. I append hereto a correct map of Shoshone county showing the pro posed withdrawal of land, and showing the withdrawal of Nov. 14, 1903. I earnestly request that you take such action as will restore these lands to the oublie domain. Mr. President: I do not desire to be understood as opposing the principle of forest reserves, but I do not regard these proposed with drawals as being within either the spirit or the principle of the law under which forest reserves were intended to be created. It was not intended that they should be used to exploit a theory at the expense of the state, nor was it that they should be created against the pro test of the people most interested in the growth and development of the state. I know this country ; I have lived immediately on its borders for more than 21 years. I have traversed much of it, and I should regard it is a calamity to the county and to the state, and as untair to the people who have now, or who in the future would have, homes and enterprises within Shoshone countv. The proposed withdrawal for the Shoshone forest reserve amounts to more than one million acres, and the 11 townships ex amined for withdrawal and shown in the nfap in yellow, amount to 253,440 acres. The six townships withdrawn Nov. 14, 1903, amount to 138,240 acres, making in the aggregate more than one and one half millions of acres of laud with drawn in Shoshone county. Since the enactment of the law at the last session of congress pre venting the location of lieu land scrip upon timber lands, which was a threat against the splendid areas of timber contained within this proposed withdrawal, the threatened danger of corrupt practice in the securing of timber lands no longer exists, and it would be a humiliating admission of incompetency for the land de partment to plead that it was un able to prevent fraud in the entry and settlement of these lands. The existing laws contain no threat against the integrity of the public land system, and because a few or many individuals have perpetrated, or are seeking to perpetrate frauds in securing public lands, consti tutes no reason why that great empire of the West, should be suspended or repealed. It is too often the case that a new generation lacking the experience | and energy resulting from actual, contact with conditions, condemns | the work of their fore-fathers and fore-runners. No system regarding the public lands which has result ed within our time in creating th e ! great empire lying west of ^ \ Mississippi river, should be con- i demned because that combinations ! of capital and corrupt individuals seek to circumvent and avoid the ! legal restrictions intended to secure a fair and equitable distribution of j the benefits of the public domain among all classes of citizens. It| would be better that these lands be, open to settlement even though it ; i j were found necessary to send an agent of the department to examine every homestead before final entry was made. We were made a state and told to grow ; we were en dowed with generous donations of public lands for public purposes to stimulate and foster the growth of the state. The public lands of the United States within the state were a part of its assets upon which its growth should rest. While they are the pubile lands of the United States, are available only to those who go within the state, and those who are lying beyond the borders of the state have only a sentimental and contingent in terest in the disposal of these lands. | The first considertion is to the citizens of the state. They are above the average American citi zenship as shown by the census. A larger percentage of the citizens of Idaho own their own homes than in most any state in the Union. The family life in Idaho is shown to be above the average standard. The percentage of American blood in Idaho is greater than that of the New England states. The laws of the land are respected in Idaho to as great an extent and with as fervid a patriotism as in any state of the Union. Railroads are being constructed as rapidly as in any other state. Great irriga tion and reclamation projects are being pressed in southern Idaho upon a plan that promises a growth that will equal, if not exceed, that of any other state in the immediate future. North Idaho has vast wealth fields and produces all the fruits of the market. Shoshone county produces more than half the lead product of the United States. She produces millions of dollars in gold and silver. She has the finest white pine timber lands now re maining in the United States. It is intersected by splendid rivers and their tributaries to its very borders on the east. There is another proposed forest reserve called an addition to the Bitter Root forest reserve, which is shown in green upon the accom panying map. It includes the town of Newsome, a place of con siderable business importance which has existed for at least 40 years. I have visited this place myself. There are prosperous commercial institutions there, hotels, resi dences, gardens, orchards, mead ows, farms and mining. The town of Florence shown within the proposed addition to the Bitter Root forest reserve is the second oldest town in Idaho. It is the center of a mining region but sur rounded by the class of homes incident to such countries where they have orchards and raise all sorts of garden truck to supply the miners, and graze or farm as the land may be adapted to those pur poses. The state wagon road of Idaho traverses this reserve for many miles. This road was built at an expense of over $300,000 by the state for the purpose of en abling the people to get into this very country, because it was a promising and profitable field for settlers, and now it is proposed to withdraw the very country from settlement that the state was at such heavv expense to open for | that purpose . It extends almost tQ the banks of the LittIe Salmon | river down which ! tended to feed tha t railroad, for 50 \ miles or more. i Mf President: give Idalio a! ! chance tQ grow; leave t he door I tQ ^ ukmem an(1 trust some . | ! what tQ tfae integrity , loyaltv and I oatriotism of the citi/ens of the ! j gtate j most respectful ; y ask t | lat you ! shall take such actiou as will restore tbe j ands withdrawn, and ; pjQpQg^ to ^ withdrawn, to' settlement and induce rather than surveyed a i line of railway now under con struction, and it proposes to tie up j the country, and that was in discourage the homeseekers to come to Idaho. Respectfully submitted. W. B. Hey burn. j First Telescope. The first telescope was invent ed in 1590. It does not require j a telescope or a microscope to dis tinguish the many good points about the clothes, shoes, hats or j dress goods we sell, and our | prices are lowest—quality con-j sidered. / Skalet and Shell. An electric line is soon to be constructed from Twin Falls City to Twin Falls. I | I ! ! j j j | No Objections to a Poor Man. New \ ork, April 19.—It became known today that Andrew Carnegie's niece, Nancy, was secretly married a year ago to a riding master named Heaver, whom she met at Newport. The story is confirmedb y Mr. Carnegie, who said: "The family has no objec tion to the match. Mr. Heaver is an honest and- upright young man. I would rather Nancy had married a poor, honest man than a worth less duke. \ e want no rich man in the family. '' Mr. Carnegie said his niece and her husband had just returned from a trip to Europe. Attempts Suicide. Butte, April 17.—Angered by her mother, who had spoken some cross words, Mrs. Phil Averitt attempted to commit suicide Satur day afternoon by swallowing the contents of a four ounce vial of disinfecting fluid. The attempt at self-destruction was made in the presence of the woman's mother and her eight year old daughter. Two physicians were hastily sum moned and the stomach pump used, after which antidotes were ad ministered. While the woman's mouth and lips are badly burned she will recover. "Mamma had been scolding me all day,'' said Mrs. Averitt, after wards, in explanation of her rash action; "I simply could not stand it any longer, so I drank that," pointing to the poison. Mrs. Averitt and her mother had some differences over family matters, and the mother took her daughter to task. The daughter bore the rebuke silently for some minutes, then suddenly became violently angry. Seizing the bottle of disinfectant fluid that stood on a table near by, Mrs. Averitt held it to her lips and drank it to the bottom. After wards she threw' herself upon a cdiich and wept hysterically. It was several minutes before Mrs. Averitt's little daughter real ized what had happened. When she understood that her mother had attempted to take her own life, the child threw her arms about her parent's neck and sobbed piteously. "Open your eyes, mamma," begged the little girl between sobs. In her childish way she pleaded with her mother, asking her not to die. The girl cried bitterly and refused to be consoled until the suffering mother opened her eyes and assured her that she was not going to die. Mrs. Averitt is the wife of a lawyer of Rexburg, Idaho. Averitt was formerly a member of the Idaho legislature and a mem ber of the code commission. s. Averitt has been visiting with . r mother in Butte for severl « ' s past. „ Easter Party. Great preparations are made for the Blaster party held in the opera house Mt evening, April 24. The prc ; will go toward defraying ex; of beautifying the public s grounds. This party will doubtedly be the principal t event of the season. There will be dancing games, and delicious refresh s will be served in approved Those who are fortunate »no o receive an invitation to this v should not fail to be there, sides getting a great ueaal ; than your money's worth o you will be contributing tc 1 a good cause. A Big Bank Note. The highest dennminatic United States legal tender is (XX). It does not require a note of very large denominat purchase a perfect fitting suit of shoes and stylish hat at Skalet and She!