By JOHN DICKINSON SHERMAN
rilAT'H ltu> matter with AIiisUh?
This question bids fair to displace
the historic, What's the limiter
with KiiiinnsT For the answer to
the latter question nowadays Is,
"She's nil right." Ami the answer
to the former seems to be. "Hlie'a
all wrong." llut. like Knnsna.
Alaaka ran be matin "all right."
And 1'realilent Harding and his
administration are planning to do
their beat to bring It about.
For Alaska, It may be aald, la quite a place. Ita
•re« la nearly 600.000 square mllen—an area equal
te the combined are« of Norway, Sweden, Finland,
England, Scotland and Ireland, au area equal In
alae to the »tales of Minnesota, Wisconsin, Illinois,
Iowa. Kanaaa, Missouri, the Dakotas and Arkansas.
It haa a roast line 26,000 miles long. The Yukon.
WOO miles long In Alaaka and Canada, la a great
central national road, by water In autumer, on the
lea In winter. The aouth roast hsiiiors of the
Alaakan peninsula are open ttie year round, though
Point Harrow la 800 mllea north of the Arctic cir
cle and without aun for 40 daya In winter. It haa
half a doaeu klnda of dlmatea. There are 100,000
•quare mllea aultable for agriculture and graslng.
There are 106,280 square mllea of foreata. There
•re gold, silver, tlu, antimony, copper, lead, mar
Ma. «H. coal, peat. There are Balt and aeala anti
WT»y. In the M year« since we paid 97,200.000
for Alaaka to the Huaalana It has retumed the
purchase money conaiderably more than one hun
dred fold. The output of the Bahertea alone
amounts to |375.0un,ouo The mine« have pro
duced a total of 9438.UU0.UU0. of which 9311.ouo.uui
la the value of the gold output. The totnl value
of Alaska'a mineral, fish aud fur producta from
»887 to 1010 was 9648,000,000.
Yet there la undoubtedly some thing wrong with
Alaaka. The white population In 1010 waa 80,000.
In 1018 It had Increased to 00,000. The present
white population I» estimated at 86.000, In addi
tion to 2A.0U0 ns liver, some of whom are civilised
The Industrial population exceeda 40,000.
The total commerce for 1010 waa 9100.082,230
• decrease of 917.486,788. The total commerce
with the United Stales for 1020 waa 9106,860,006
aa agulnst 9124.436.401 lu 1010, a decrease of $17.
BMIJtOO. Canned salmon allowed a decrease of 96,
843,018 ; fresh Bah other than salmon a decrease
•f 9374.320. The decrease In Imports amounted te
82.008,3U6. due largely to reduced mlulng and Osh
The value of the territory's mineral output In
1010 was only 910.620,000. while that of 1018 was
92S.284.0U0, Ttie mineral output In 1010 waa I he
smallest in any year since 1010. aud lia value was
le»» than half that of the output lu 1016, which
■wa* 94S.6U0.0U0. The value of the aunual output
of g"UI declined from 9HI.700.U00 In 1016 lo 88.
420.nun lu loto. The cop|ier output was 824.240,
60« In 1017; In 1018 It was 917.lSO.OUO; In 1016 It
So. when Senator Altiert H. rail became sec re
tary of the Interior, be fell heir to a big Job. for
It la under the Interior department «tust Alaaka
doaw a large part of Ha complicated functioning.
He and I'rcsUleut Harding have been looklug Into
the altuath n very seriously. They have held tnauy
conference*. They have apistrently conte to a con
rlaaton. which answers the question. What'« the
mailer with Alaska»
"Too much government" U their conclusion. And
their Idea Is that absolute authority should be
«e*(ed In a single head and that single head should
!«• the I'tealvlent. Of course the secretary of the
Interior would have to do most all of the work
Hut. le tig a miner and develofer himself, he Is
• llllf.c lie says;
"Tbete Is Just une way to develop Alaska, and
»h«t I» IO Vevi absolute authority In a single head,
and that .ut-mue authority must I«- the President
bims« f Smit H Mil. wltleh will vest this author
ity In PtvstiV nt Harding, la now l>r|tig ronstdetwl
oihrlals and. I lu»t«e will shortly lie In
in roogrva*. When this Is accomplished.
« ife it will b* twfore very long, the re
o-n ot Alaska will U*gin in csrm-st "
b.lls rm!*odylug plaits for the government
■ are ttefore the senate aud bouse com
nitltrea on u-rrltorlee.
tw-cte aty of the Interior Fall Is the last to send
a tentative measure to live cummltteea. ||e pro
paar* to vest tu tils own department all functions
tens n ug to the development and use of natural
reswurvvs aud • oust ruction work for the territory.
Tie bill by Secretary Fall will ■„,( prove more
satisfy il g to the several de|tartm«uts which he
prvqtox-s la Invade Hum the Curry bill, which pro
poaes It vest in an Alaska development board ttie
•duiiiit» ul on of tlw territory, or the Cummins bill
Which usis in the President |tower to reorganise
«11 fed t' arrivlitaa In the lerrttory. Ue will cut
Of A 1.1
Into the actlvltlea
of the department
of war, agricul
ture and com
merce; In fact, ha
will assume flirtions that apparently touch prac
tically every department.
Too much government I Well, Alaaka does gat
a pretty large done. And, what'g more. It's most
ly government at long range. Hear In mind that
nearly all of Alaska'a resources are directly or In
directly controlled by the federal government.
About 00 tier cent of the land la «till In govern
ment ownership. The development of coal and
oil depoalta la under government leases. Water
powers and fisheries are under federal cootrol,
and nearly all Alaska Umber la In government
The federal control of Alaska's resources la
vested In • number of departments and bureuua.
Hules and rcgulatlona retuttng to Alaska affairs,
under the existing statutes, must he made by
Washington authorities, who are alao In large
measure directly charged with their execution.
Thla long distance adtiilnlatrallon has been a seri
ous handicap to the development of Alaska. In
many Instances regulations have been made which
did uot meet the Until requirements, and unjust
decisions rendered beenuae those making them
wer« uot familiar with local conditions. This sit
uation has worked a particular hardship on the
operator with small capital, who could not afford
to make the loug Journey to present hts argument
In person to the Washington authorities. Owing
to the divided authority and the llmlliulons placed
by statutes and appropriations, there has also beeu
a lack of coordination between vartoua Alaska fed
To In* sure, It would take a Philadelphia lawyer
—as the old saying goes—lo llgure out all the
waya In which Alaaka la governed, but here are
some of tliem.
The Interior department haa a large part of
Alaska'a government. The secretary haa geueral
supervision over the work of const rue ting the
government railroad from Seward to Fairbanks
by the Alaskan engineering commission.
The commissioner of tha general land office I»
charged with the survey, management and dispo
sition of the public lands In the national forests
(Tonga« and Chugarh. embracing 80,000,000
•ctos) he executes all laws relating to the
surveying, prospecting, locating and patenting of
public lauds and granting of rights of way. Not
withstanding this the forest service, a bureau of
the agricultural department, has charge of the
The secretary of the Interior la a member, with
the secretaries of war and agriculture of the new
water power commission The commission has
no funds and no personnel. Any Investigation Is
done by the geological survey and the forest
The department of agriculture has now control
over land fur-bearing animals; up to last year
belli I lie department of agriculture and the tlepart
m< lit of commerce functioned. Yet the bureau of
Ushertea (department of commerce) Is extensively
ndstitg blue foxes mi the Prtblloff Islands. The
game laws are enforced by the governor of Alaska
sod the departments of agriculture and commerce.
The department of commerce has charge of
the tUhcrles; It has Jurisdiction over merchant
wsm-Ii; It take» the census; It has a bureau In
charge of lighthouses; Us coast and geodetic sur
vey makes the charts.
The department of the treasury has charge of
th« construction and maintenance of public build
lugs; Us coast guard protects game and the seal
aud the Ushertea ; It has a public health service.
The »ar department has charge of river and
l.ii 11 .or Improvements. It haa extensive military
ruble, telegraph and radio systems In Alaska—
w ich everybody use*. Inasmuch as the postnfflc«
o. artment can hardly he said to function there.
ue board of rood commissioners for Alaska
i created ln 1ISW» by congress. The work la
curried on under the dlrcc
tlon of the secretary ol
war. The funds are de
rived from an Alaskan tax
and from s|>erln! approprl
ations by congress through military committees
The bureau of public roads of the agricultural
department constructs public roads In nations'
forests. There Is also a territorial road com
mission. There ure actually four federal bu
reaus which have funds for the construction ol
wagon roads In Alaska.
The 1020 report of John Barton I'nyne. serre
Inry of the Interior, contains ninny pages devoted
to a consideration of Alaskan conditions by him.
In addition, It contains In full the report of the
Alri.skun advisory committee, appointed by him In
April of 1020 to advise what Immediate steps could
be taken to better conditions, what Industries
could be developed and what resources could bu
exploited to give employment to a resident popu
lation which In turn would give a home market
for Alaska products. This committee was made up
of Alfred H. Brooks (chairman), Interior depart
ment ; II. Y, Saint, shipping hourd ; Otto t'raeger,
second assistant postmuster general ; E. A. Sher
man, agricultural department.
It was the Judgment of the advisory committee
that the wise course was to coordinate the differ
ent departments of the government having to do
with Alaska through a committee consisting of a
representative from each department. Such
committee was numed by Secretary I'uyne.
In Secretary I'uyiie's personal comments and
tha report of the advisory committee many Inter
estlug and curious facts are found. Here are
some of them :
The work of construction of the government
railroad Is getting along slowly.
The poetofllce department Is not functioning.
Mall to Alaska Is shipped as express or freight.
There has been a shortage of labor.
The lenses offered by the forest service to mak
ers of pulp and puper offer unacceptable terms.
There Is no resident district forester.
There are 347 withdrawals and reservations of
public lands; many serve no useful purpose.
Only about 0 per cent of Alaska's ocean water
ways have been charted.
Lighthouses and fog bonis are needed ; some
projects, authorised by congress, lack appropria
There was one naval patrol In 11)20; there should
be 20 boats.
A territorial police force la needed.
The salmon Ashing Industry Is menaced from
lack of protection and propagation of the fish.
The territorial govern incut wants full territorial
powers of legislation ; Jurisdiction over Bsh. game
and land fur-bearing animals; transfer of the
Alaaka fund from the federal to the territorial
Alaska's coal output In 1818 under the leasing
law was only OO.OUO tons; she Is Importing aunual
ly 1UU.UU) tons.
With oil of her own. Alaska draws on California
for 806,000 barrels of petroleum and Its products
There has been little or no Investigation in the
Extension to Alaska of the farmers
and the stock-raising homestead Rot ore needed.
tk-enn transportation I» Inadequate nm | rate
are so high «« to cripple all Alaskan industrial
expansion. Indeed, the problem of getting Alaska's
products to market seetus to tie the biggest proti
lem of all. It has many rarolflcntlons. The lit
tle flsiting companies, without vessels of their own
have to trust to the chance visit of lnde|teudeut
buyer». The catch of these little companies
amounts to millions. The hi*! Companies, of course. \
have tlietr own vessels. there nre also certain
•hipping regulations that must he altered. Hroh j
ably n government shipping line will have to lie
established under the Jurisdiction of the Interstate
commerce commission to break the private monop
oly ln »ster transportation.
Secretary Fall do«*» not purpose. It Is stated to
take over Investigation activities of a scientific
nature now being done by various bureaus. Rut
be d.s-s plan to take over the functions and per
sonnel of the other departments and bureaus func
tioning In Alaska's long distinct goveruuieuL
FAIL TO RESPECT PROPERTY
Great Body of Americans Need Edu
cation Concerning Proper Usage
of Public Places.
of men anti
■is along the
i « mi 11 z.*
The mental make-up
women who scatter paj
highroads, wlm trample down growing
crops, who break down farmers'
fence«, and who are responsible foi
-surrounding • our ......Hand streams
with a head work of tomato cans Is
ipiite easy to understand. Such poo
are merely primitive individualists,
y have not yet advanced in civili
té a point where they can
the property rights of others.
' There Is another group of wnyfur
! rs which, though allied closely to the
! irst. we both dislike and cannot un
; h-rstand. This Is the group which
not only scatters refuse over private
ands hut also hurts a trail, wli.eh
I he who runs may read, over the land
belonging to cities, state« and the na
,\ public park, whether it
hut a triangle of grass at th
-icctioii of three village streets, or n
rolling meadow land set down in the
heart of a great city, or a forest re
serve of a hundred thousand acres of
the national domain, Is property to
which each "and every one of us has
an Inalienable right. To scatter trash
a hit of green In the heart of a
city or to slash ofT the top of a pine
tree In a national park Is to damage
part of the common land to which
every citizen Is heir.
We can understand how a ntnn can
disregard the rights of n neighbor,
hut It Is not so easy to understand
how n man can destroy the beauty
of land which Is his own and his
children's. If we are to continue to
build parks In our cities and set aside
wildernesses for our recreation, we
must also build up. In the mind* and
henrt of every citizen, a spirit of Jeal
ousy for the beauty of these green
Perhaps the present generation of
Americans Is already pnst the cure,
but there Is another generation of
citizens In the making, and, If we
nre wise, we will do for them what
the forestry association lias been do
ing In the city of Washington. If we
catch Young America young enough,
our parks of tomorrow may he as
pop bottleless as the beecji-shnded
sward of Hampstead heath.—The
CAN CUT DOWN FIRE LOSSES
Abundant Proof That Carelessness la
the Chief Cause of Many Disas
The Society for Electrical Develop
ment. dissatisfied with a recent
port of the Notional Board of Fire
Underwriters In which electricity was
blamed ns the chief cause of fire losses,
has made an exhaustive examination,
taking the year 1919 ns a basis. It
publishes In the Electrical World the
results of tills Investigation. The re
port shows that In 345 cities, with an
aggregate population of 28.495.851 per
sons. there were 138,553 fires In 1919,
of which those apparently of electric
origin numbered 3,568, or 2.57 per
cent of the totnl.
Reginald Trautsehald, writer of the
report, remarks that "a Inrge propor
tion of electric fires. If not the major
ity, are caused by careless disregard
of quite obviously necessary precau
tions, such ns leaving an electric flat
iron with the current turned on upon
an Inflammable Ironing-board." Though
fires resulting from such causes usual
ly cause only trifling damage. It Is
easy to see how they may result In
very serious conflagrations.
Tha House and Ha Site.
Most houses should appear to have
aome connection with the surround
ing landscape and should tie hnllt of
some suitable material. Stone, brick,
marble or wood may each be Inap
propriate to some surroundings. Have
you not seen, perhaps, a white marble
house situated where a brown wooden
one should he built? Or white garden
furniture placed on a lawn where the
house was finished In tones of brown?
These scattered white spots produce
a very unpleasant sensation. Geog
raphy plays an Important part In the
color and material of a house.
Flats Supplanting Dwelling»
The single dwelling with a front
and liack yard Is giving way. even In
the smaller cities of the United States,
to the modern npnrtment house, ar
coniine to a report of 1920 building
operations Issued by the United States
chamber of commerce. It shows that
last year 70 per cent of the families
provided with new homes got one-fam
llv dwellings; It per cent, two-fatnity
dwellings, and 19 per cent, a multi
family dwelling. The proportion of
\ multi -family dwellings was' largest In
the small cities
Good Community Work.
It was the community spirit In play
as well as In work, the spelling
mntrhes and singing schools that
made the life of the pioneer tolerable.
The Country Life association has
found the way to lead the people hack
to th» soil In thus providing commun
Ity comforta and community
WONDERFUL GAIN IN g
WEIGHT REPORTED ®
Young Woman Only Weighed 7®
Pounds—Now Weighs Over 100
and Is Gaining Every Day.
"Before I began taking Tanlnc 1 only
weighed 70 pounds. I now weigh over
one hundred and mu gaining every
day," said Miss Laitue Davis of Chat
"I bought my first bottle of Tanlac
at Cas City, Ind., and it helped me so
much that I continued using it. I have
ulwuys been very delicate and suffered ^
a great deal from stomach trouble and
rheumatism. 1 rarely ever had any aji
petite and simply could not relish any
thing. 1 fell off until I only weighed
70 pounds und wus so thin I looked
perfectly awful. This is the condition
I was in when 1 began taking Tanlac.
"Oh. I feel so different now. Even
my complexion Is improved. My appe
tite is good and I can hardly get
enough to eat. Tanlac is simply grand
mul I can truthfully say it is the only
medicine that has ever done m^ any
Tanlac is sold by lending druggists
Loved and Lost.
—So .lack Is engaged. Is
l-'anny the bride-to-be?
-No; slip is the tried-to-be.
If You Need a Medicine
You Should Have the Best
Have you ever stopped to reason why
it is that so many products that are ex
tcnsively advertised, all at once drop out
of sight and are soon forgotten? The
reason is plain—the article did not fulfil
the promises of the manufacturer. This
applies more particularly to a medicine.
A medicinal preparation that has real
curative value almost sells itself, as like
an endless chain system the remedy is
recommended by those who have been
benefited, to those who are in need of it.
A prominent druggist says "Take for
example Dr. Kilmer's Swamp-Root, a
preparation I have sold for many years
tnd never hesitate to recommend, for in
almost every case it shows excellent re
sults, at many of my customers testify-^-.
No other kidney remedy has so large 4T
According to sworn statements and
verified testimony of thousands who have
used the preparation, the success of Dr.
Kilmer's Swamp-Root is due to the fact,
so many people claim, that it fulfills al
most every wish in overcoming kidney?
liver and bladder ailments; corrects uri
nary troubles and neutralizes the nris
acid which causes rheumatism.
You may receive a sample bottle ol
Swamp-Root by Parcels Post. Address
Dr. Kilmer A Co., Binghamton, N. Y.,
and enclose ten cents; also mention this
paper. Large and medium size bottles
(or sale at all drug atorea.Advertlsement
AM young men fall In love, but most
of them manage to climb out agnin.
of men like
in the real
When the body begins to stiffen
and movement becomes painful it
is usually an indication that the
kidneys are out of order. Keep
these organs healthy by taking
Th» world's standard remedy for kidney,
kver, bladder and aric add troubles.
Famous since 1696. Take regularly J£»d>
keep in good health. In three angUr
druggists. Guaranteed aa represented.
Leek fee the warn* CeM Medal ea eveey haa
IS.eee It»». K.mm r*r* Hmo; •» I* *»*
t- te. two c»n* or mnr» S14 »•: f. • b. Woo4
• id». Mont. DAVID PILE. Corvalll*. v^-nt
llrnuiii(k.ii|. Ptcatiac AtlarhiurnL Oum
t»»d to lit injr_____
Midland Mall Order Ho
macbin« Prtc» It
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