'VJgT*. Of* THf jOÇAD'
By JESSIE DELL,
(Historian. QuirUrmuKr Corpi. I'nit.d »taten Army )
kO THE quartermaater corps of the
United mates army has fallen the
reverent tank of bringing home the
»»idler dead, returned for burlul un
der the star» and stripes.
On Murch 80 last, the uriny trans
port Cambrai reached New York with
1,8*4 (lagdraped cottln». With her
arrival, the solemn duty of the quar
termaster corps of returning the bod
ies of those who fell lu France, was
There ure left over sens now only
32T> bodies to be brought back to the
United Htntes, the last of the 44,418 of those
Americans who will be burled In the homeland.
About 82,000 more will sleep forever overseas, ac
cording to the desires of their next of kin.
At this time It Is IHtlng to tell our people Just
how America has Iteen returning to the bosom of
their native land the mortal remutns of thousands
of her sons who followed the llug—
Into that roalm wh.ro battlo it»*« ara turlsd
And war drums throb no longer.
This sacred duty, under the direction of Major
General H. L. Hogers, quartermaster general of
the army. Is performed by the gruves registration
service through the cemeterlal division, and the
etfllcent, sympathetic and reverent manner In
which It Is done has been a source of satisfaction
to every one.
That one may visualise the work Involved—
Its methods snd operations In preparing our sol
dier dead for the last Journey—we will endeavor
to draw a picture which will show, step hy step,
bow this hss been accomplished,
t Early morning sun finds the field operating units
ready for the day's work and with trucks con
taining all materials necessary —toots, Implements,
caskets and shlpplug taxes—they stsrt on their
way to the »scred regions where lie our soldier
dead. Each unit has Its corps of highly-special
ised and technical men In mortuary afTalrs (em
bslmers, undertakers und technical assistants) to
perform this service. The working squads or la
borers are composed chiefly of ex service men.
[ Guards and watchmen attached to each unit
are also discharged American soldiers, and during
the lime that ttie bodies nre under the Jurisdiction
of operating units, this guard Is constantly on
duty over them. A commissioned ofllcor filling a
dual capacity of commanding ofllcer and Inspector
Is In command of each unit.
Once at the graves, excavating Is commenced.
When the bodies are readied, only one Is al
lowed to be lifted to the surface of the ground at
a time. In order that no pooslble chance will be
taken In confusing Identities. Tills Is a require
ment rigidly adhered to. The outer wrapping of
the body Is removed aud search Is made for Identl
flcatuai tag* and murks; when found they are se
curely fastened to the remains; the body Is then
wrapped iu a new. clean blanket.
The Identification disk and long narrow strip
of aluminum, showing name, rank and organisa
tion, taken from the ctsws or star which marked
the grave. Is pinned to the blanket over the cheat
of the dead. Tenderly lifting and placing the body
In a metallic container l* the next step, using
•oft. fist cushions as paddtug to hold the txnly
•teady ; after this a soft, clean sheet Is carefully
tucked In. further Insuring against the shifting
of the body during transportation.
After tbls the uadalllc container 1* placed In
Its silk lined casket of chestnut wood or oak, and
tt, too. Is securely fastened ; across the head of
the ltd la attached a narrow aluminum strip show
ing the name, serial number, rank and organisa
tion of the soldier, and the number of the grave
aud cemetery from which the body was taken.
The casket U then placed In the shipping box,
which has been secured by the blocks of white
wood or chestnut, covered with white plush to
prevent marring or scratching the casket.
Name, rank and organisation Is then stenciled
on each etui of the shipping case A tag gtvlug
the name and address of the consigne«* Is talked
to the side, and the whole box Is enveloped with
our Hag, which remains until the body U placed
on the transport for sailing.
The sun sinking low in the W«*st se«*s all bodies
whbh have been exhumed entirely prepared for
Shipment, for this la another requirement which
fls rigidly adhered to. The bodltat are the a placed
In local storage under constant guard of American
watchmeu. And thus the day's work Is done.
All evacuations being completed within that
section, the bodies are then removed from the
local storuge, and accompanied by convoys and
guards, are tuken by rail or river burges, as con
ditions allow, to the concentration point for that
Fort officers maintain at all times a close liaison
with the field operating unit In order to obviate
misunderstandings, to prevent delays, and to per
mit sutlsfuctory and definite plans being made in
sufficient time for aulltng. These concentration
points are under the personal and constant super
vision of commissioned officers and watchmen who
ure honorably discharged American soldiers.
The ports chosen ns shipping buses are : Hrest,
St. Nuzulre, Bordeaux, Toulon, Cherbourg, Calais,
France; and Antwerp, Belgium, through which,
during last year, 'JO,018 bodies were returned to
America. Cherbourg has bad the greatest number
to bundle, as evacuation of bodies for return fr«>tn
areas of Homogne, Thlacourt and Helleuu all
passed through this port, to the number of 25,000.
Finally the news comes from one of the six
portn that the transport Is ready for Its precious
cargo. Officers, convoys and guards then place
the dead on special French trains or barges which
have been draped with American flags. Depart
ure Is tuken umld large gatherings of the popula
tion of the town and a guard of honor, comprising
two or more eompuiili*s of French soldiers who
come to pay hotnuge to our dead.
Quickly the news spreads thut "les Américains"
are taking their dead heroes home, and all along
the line of the Journey nmny are waiting. Frl«*sts
are there, and theae men of Uod gently and loving
ly chant the prayers for the dead, while children
with arms full t\f flowers are waiting to place them
In the cart* of the guards or drop them on the
barges a* they slowly pass by. Every honor Is
shown both by civil and military France; and so
the Journey becomes a triumphal procession of
America's her«»lc dead.
The jHirt Is reached, and there on Its great "Fier
of the Ih»ad" the bodies are gently laid side by
side, under the watchful care of the military
"Guard of Honor" comprising a company of men
detailed from the American forces In Germany.
Before It goes on the transport, each shipping
case containing a body Is curafully gone ov«»r to
ascertain If It Is lit |w*rfeet condition for ocean
The tag showing the name and address of the
cottslgn«*e. which has been tacked to the side of
the box. Is tin'll removed, anti name and address
stencilled on the side Instead. The port officers,
who are commissioned officers of our army, nre
present when this stencilling is done, the quarter
master general holding them personally respon
sible for all discrepancies and inaccuracies. Ev
erything finished to the satisfaction of these offi
cers, the bodies are finally placed on the transport,
the warning bell Is soundtal and the transport
slowly moves away.
The military attachments stand at "Attention"
while their bngl«*s salute the dead. All tlags and
ensigns of shipping, or ! lit we on vessels of the
various navies of the world, which may be repre
sent'd In the harbor, are towered as our funeral
stilp solemnly passes out, and then begins the
long, Inst voyage of our soldier dead.
Simultaneously with the sailing of the transport,
a cable message bearing the names of the dead
returning speeds on Its way to Washington and Is
received by the chief of the cemeterlal division,
who Ininmllately tak«'s steps to provide that every
care and attention shall In* attendant upon the ar
riva! of the sacred cargo at the home port.
Let us leave for awhile our dead as they cross
the great Atlantic and let us get a glimpse of
the fields of honor in whtwe beautiful, broad, white
acres will repose for all time these « how nearest
of kin desire that they shall stay sleeping In
France. The quartermaster corps has spared no
effort tn making lovely and lasting monuments to
the boys who made the supreme sacrifice. Grounds,
graceful and majestic, were chosen and arranged
with a simple dignity that eeents to be eminently
fitting for the resting places of the dead.
At the present time, only flve_ cemeteries In
France and Belgium have official approval and
sanction for their permanency, but the advlsabtllty
of Increasing the number of uatlooat cemeteries
abroad Is receiving favorable consideration ; It Is
recently that Thlacourt has been added to the
number. In this cemetery lie so many of the men
of the nlr service whose daring and brilliancy
will ornament many pages of the World's war
history. Already extensive plans are on foot to
make our cemeteries over there great national
memorials; and to Insure the success of the under
taking, plans for beautifying and ornamenting have
been placed In the hands of a special commission
appointed by the secretary of war.
It Is headed hy the chief of the cemeterlal
division; other members are: Charles Moore, sec
retary of the National Fine Arts commission ;
James L. Greenleuf, New York landscape artist;
and William Mitchell Kendall, the well-known ar
tist of New York. Their ideas when carried out
will make the "American Fields of Honor" the
most Impressive war cemeteries In the world. And
every one will be an «ut post of America in France
or Belgium, for wherever lies the grave of an
.American soldier, lies, too, u spot that is forever
Homagne, which Is our Argonne cemetery, orig
inally held In Its bosom 23,000 of our men who
fell In the Muese-Argonne offensive, America's
grent«'St battle. There every State of the Union,
as well as the territories of Hawaii, Porto Rico,
and the Philippine islands, had representation.
No spot In France Is more historically famous
than this, the Argonne sector, where lies our larg
est field of honor.
Here France's greatest battles have been fought,
but none so grant as that of 1918, when America
and France again fought side by side, as in the
days of Washington and Lafayette, and again for
the principles of freedom and liberty. So, Ho
mugne Argoune, our beautiful and largest ceme
tery, stands as a monument to America's share
In the world's grautest struggle.
Belteau, whose name memory lovingly links with
the heroism and sacrifice of our men of the Sec
ond division, lies In a green, fertile valley, dense
ly wooded, with loved and shattered Chateau
Thierry near Its portals. This cemetery is and
always will he of the greatest national pride and
glory to the United States, for It was at Chateau
Thierry that the American soldiers orb'd, "They
shall not pass!" and, like n harrier across their
path, halted the Huns on their way to Paris.
Suresnes cemetery. In the winding valley of the
Sidne and surrounded by a senil-otrele of hills, is
like a white gem in an exquisite setting of emerald
Old Fort Valerien, whose massive gray walls
erown one of the hilltops, stands like a grim sen
tinel guarding our dead. Lying off In the dis
tance can be s«>cn one of the world's greatest
cities—Paris—whose beautiful Washington boule
vnrd. curving In graceful lines, connects It with
Flanders Fields, familiarly known by its old
name of Bony, is the spot made historical!)- famous
to America by the Twenty-seventh and Thirtieth
divisions, whose unit*-.! effort as the Second corps,
furnish -aie of history's most brilliant pages. Boys
of the North and South, sons of the men who
wore the Blue and the Gray—who can say that
In spirit, the gr*-at commanders of that long past
war were not near to guide their hoys, as they
advanced to meet a common enemy, ou the battle
ground of Flanders Fields.
In smashing the Hindenburg line, many of the
division's bravest sons were left to sleep in the
field they hsd so gallantly defended—"In Flandei
Fields where poppies blow"— Ute deep, rich ertm
sen of those popples; how they cover every hill
side and dell ! Growing thickly among them are
the white Hilt's of the \alley and the beautiful
blue cornflowers. And "Old Glory," floating high
and wide, finds its colors reflected in these flow
So peaceful and restful! It seems such a little
while ago that the boom of cannon and the scream
of shell had sent fleeing from their native haunts
the sky larks now returning whose little throats
all through the day pour forth floods of melody—
a requiem over the dead, a psalm of thanksgiving
to the Greet Creator for bringing ugain to their
home peace and quiet.
"ON EASY STREET
Women "Farmerettes" Make
Money in Western Canada.
Many Ar« Taking Advantage of thl
Opportunity Offered by the Fer
tile Land and Fine Climate.
In many parts of Western Canads
are to be found women owning and
running farms for themselves, and
what Is more, making them pay. May
Basiert, an English girl, who tired oo
a farm In the Touehwood hills. In 8as
katchevran. foe the past four years,
looking after her stock and cultivating
bsr land. Is one of these. The farm
was originally her brother's homestead,
at which time Miss Hazlett was a
stenographer. Her brother was killed
while fighting with the Canadian forces
at Vlmy Ridge. Neighbors advised
Miss Haxlett to sell the farm, but she
decided that she was tired of the
"eternal pounding" and became a farm
Mra. Mary J. Blackburn, a pioneer
woman farmer of Alberta, bas Just
added 100 acres to her farm near
Hardlsty. Coming from Eastern fan
ada, Mrs. Blackburn homesteaded «
quarter section In 1902. She had two
Holstein heifers, a bull, and $17 In
cash. She lived In a tent the first
summer and In a sod shack In the
winter. Her first crop put her,
she tells the story, "on Easy street."
In ten years she had a herd of 00
pure bred Holstein cattle and was op
erating a prosperous dairy. A fine
residence has supplanted the sod but,
"I milked my cows, raised my cattle,
cut bay and stacked it all by myself,"
said Mrs. Blackburn. "I started on
bare prairie with no money, and made
good. I worked hard, but the experi
ence was wonderful."
It has generally been conceded that
fnrining Is a man's Job. It has long
been considered that a woman's place
on the farm was In the house, with a
few attendant duties, looking after the
chickens and the garden. But times
Demonstrative of the present feml
nine Initiative, there are two young
ladies fanning extensively and with
good profit too, In Western Canada.
Some years ago a family located a 160
acre farm in the Oak Lake district
Manitoba. Later the father died, leav
ing his two daughters and aged wife a
mortgaged quarter section. Instead of
selling the effects and moving to town
to take employment, the girls decided
to work the place.
While the mother looked after the
household duties the daughters dl* the
farm work. They did the plowing, har
rowing, seeding, hnying, harvesting,
Stocking, feeding and other farm oper
ations. Except at threshing time, the
getting out of wood, the help of man
was never sought. Instead of a 160
acre place, with seven horses and ten
cattle, which they started with, they
have a 1,120-acre farm, twenty-five
head of heavy horses and nearly a hun
dred head of cattle, mostly pure-breds,
Their farm buildings, equipment and
well-kept fields would be objects
pride to the owners In any country.
Their accomplishment has not only
been profitable but pleasant, and they
have enjoyed every home advantage.
They are two entertaining and bright
girls, and have all the feminine charm
of womanhood. Their mnnlike occupa
tion has not given them a masculine
character or appearance, as some of
the older generations might Imagine.
Their gallant struggle for success sig
nifies the truth In the oft-repeated
maxim of Western Canada, "A little
assistance and the soil, with Its natur
al richness and God's sunshine will
Soon pay for the land Itself."
If you wish to learn more of what
Western Canada can do, write for
copy of "Canada West" which will he
mailed to you free by your nearest
Canadian government agent.— Adver
If one can't say it In prose, he can'1
sny it In poetry.
I* Pitiable Condition when she Began
Taking Lydia £. Pinkham's
Sabina, Ohio.—"I took Lydia E. Pink*
ham s Vegetable C ompound for weak
~ ~ sgulari
nervous and could
hardly stand on my
feet long enough to
cook a meal. 1 wai
this way for about a
year and had tried
and had a physician,
but to no avail. My
sister was taking
your medicine and
nally induced me to
fine " d can do tn;
housework with^t «y'SSubE a? 7
You can use this letter for the aakeTnf
others if you wish. "-Mr, WnSov G
Hatfield. R. R. 3, Sabm^OhlT
•lW^l Ve8 m f ke 8 mistake in
allowing themselves to become so week
ÎThu n f rV «h* to** it is well-nigh impoe
•ary household duties.
as n ^
pound should be taieVwW™,, « .
I Sure (few
25* and 754 Packages, Ev«y«Ç
One likes to be an optimist so i
as believing that some day smoke i
Baby's little dresses will jtut i _
dazzle if Red Cross Ball Blue Is i
In the laundry. Try it and seeferj
self. At all good grocers.—Ad
Poetry of love Is transformed |
prose when matrimony reaches i
Growing Old Too Soon?
Are you one of those unfoi
folk» who find» yourself feeling'
should? Do you feel
than you _ ____
and »tiff morning»; drag through'
day with a constantly aching he«
Evening find you utterly wornë«i
Then look to your kidneys, pjj
day life put» a heavy burden on
kidneys. They slow up and poisons
late and upset bl( '
cumulate and upset blood and nova'
Help your weakened kidneys «M
Doan's Kidney Pills. Doan's hin
aas — J 1
helped thousands and should help »*
Ask your neighbor!
A Wyoming Case
Alex Knox, J
W. Fremont 8t
»ays: "I had i
lame and actus
back that hi
so, I could I
ly do any II
or stooping wu
When I stooped
was all I cm
do to straight
,up and my
right. I _
Pills and they soon rid me of fl
aches and pains. My back was str
and well and I had no return of
Get Dean'» at Aay Store, 60e a Bm
FOSTER - M1LBURN CO.. BUFFALO, It!
Stomach-Kidney s-Heart -I
Keep the vital organs healthyi
regularly taking the world's s
ard remedy for kidney, liii
bladder and uric acid troub
" twsHiwga S
The National Remedy of Hoiks
centuries end endorsed by Queen W
mina. At all druggists, three sizes.
Look for the name Geld Medal ea err
and accept do imitation
W. N. U„ BILLINGS.
Lady—I want to see some gw
inos. Do you carry them?
Clerk—Madam, you flatter 1
k Year's Wear
C atIBBCftLSSt am
k If he haan
Easily killed by using the
Also SURE DEATH tonits"*'
S eat* are the greatest carrier* ox ^
eatroy both food and property. __
READY FOR USE—BETTER 1»
Direction* In 15 language* ln
t os. sise 36c. 16 os.
MONEY RACK IF iT
Seap 25c, Oiatmcat 25 aad
and ■ Kt freute» agnifn >
r that Knows How. Twe
tory ---------- ,
•oenunui endeavor in one Une
The Cutter U
•toper. Set. tomu w*wr
•«»IB At .11 food «troff 1 »**■—
from HKSSIO KLUS. Ch»»«**
from BKS6IO ELLUL
BE A TRAVELING
Make money while learning
oar fine cigars direct fro»
gist*, grocery store* and all
experience ne ------
from tbe start. >.■>. .
paoy, 4ft Fosdlek Bldg«
xml | txt