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The Blackfoot optimist. [volume] (Blackfoot, Idaho) 1907-1918, December 29, 1910, Image 3

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The People's Exchange »born
Store at Snake River Bridge
Eggs...............35c Butter...............30c
Round Steak.....12 l-2c Front quarter trimmed 12 1-2
Front quarter untrimmed 10c Pork, shoulder.....12 1-2
Pork, Ham..........15c Side Meat...........15c
PHONE 71 v Picnic Ham......16c. . PHONE 71
A Carload of Sewer Pipe Connect
ions at Carload Prices
Highest Market Prices Paid For Green Hides,
Dry Hides. Coyote, Musk Rat
and all kinds of Furs Bought
M. VOLPERT, Manager
Simmons &: Allen
Simmons' 153 Red
Alls Vs 78 Black
Office - - - 236
Orders for Sunday Must be in by 9 O'clock A. M.
P 1
< 2 ,
k sample Latest Model ••Ranç©r** bicycle furnished by us. Our agen
and district to
. _ ride and exhibit a
_____________________,____agents everywhere are
making money fast. Write for full Particulars and special offer at once.
MO MONEY KEQUIKED until you receive and approve of your bicycle. Weshiç
allow TEN DAYS' FREE TRIAL duting which time you may_________
put it to any test you wish. If you are then not perfectly satisfied or do not wish to
/keep the bicycle ship it back to us at our expense and you will not be out one cent,
EAATADV DDirrC VVe furnish the highest grade bicycles it is possible to make
■ AvIUm rltlwLO at one small profit above actual factory cost. You save $10
to $25 middlemen's profits by buying direct of us and have the manufacturer's guar
antee behind your bicycle. DO NOT BUY a bicycle or a pair of tires from anyone
at any price until you receive our catalogues and learn our unheard of factory
prices and remarkable special offers to rider agents»
VAII Ilf 111 DC ACTANKUm when you receive 6ur beautiful catalogue and
■ UU WILL DC AD I UlVianC V study our superb models at the wonderfully
low prices we can make you this year. We sell the highest grade bicycles for less money
- than any other factory. We are satisfied with $1.00 profit above factory cost.
BICYCLE DEALERS« you can sell our bicycles under your own name plate at
double^^our prices. Orders filled the day received. ..... . . . .. . .
SECOND HAND BICYCLES. We do not regularly handle second hand bicycles, but
W usually have a number on hand taken in trade by our Chicago retail stores. These we clear out
r promut ly at prices ranging from S3 to S8 or SIO. Descriptive bargain lists mailed free.
AAism nhivre single wheels, imported roller chains and pedals, parts, repairs and
v 0 ASTEI"IIKAKL 9 | equipment of all kinds at half the usual retail prices,
.mg The regular retail price of these tires it
fs.50 per pair, but to introduce me will
gellyouasample pair for$4.80(cashwit border 54^5).
KAILS, Tack» or Glass will not let the
air oat. Sixty thousand pairs sold last year.
Over two hundred thousand pairs now in use.
OESORIPTIOH: Made in all sizes. Itislively !
and easy riding.veryduiableandlinedinsidq with' .
a special quality of rubber, which never becomes
porous and which closes up small punctures without allow*
Hie the air to escape. We have hundreds of letters from sat»
fied customers stating that their tires haveonly been pumped
uponceortwiceina .vholeseason. They weigh no more than
an ordinary tire, the puncture resisting qualities being given
by several layers of thin specially prepared fabric on the
tread. Theregular price of these tires isJS.^o per pair,but for
to umuouoe, amr
Notice the thick rubber tread
1 "A" and puncture strips "B"
1 and "D," also rim strip "H"
to prevent rim cutting. This
tire will outlast any other
make-SOFT, ELASTIC and
. , . . _ EAST BLUING.
advertising purposes we are making a special factory price to ™ „
the riderof onlv ti.So per pair. All orders shipped same day letter is received. We ship C. O. D. on
approval You do not pay a cent until you have examined and found them strictly as represented.
We will allow a cash discount of 5 per cent (thereby making the price 04.55 per pair) if you
send FULL CASH WITH OKDEB and enclose this advertisement. You run no risk in
bank. If you order a pair of these tires, you win nna mat iney win nuc
-wear better last longer and look finer than anv tire you have ever used or seen at any price. We
know that you will be so well pleased that when you want a bicycle you will give us your order.
we»----a —a---- j ---- »-ni «t once, hence this remarkable tire offer.
, don't buy any kind at any price until you send for a pair of
_ ______ Hedgethorn Puncture-Proof tires on approval and t
the special introductory price quoted above; or write for our big Tire and Sundry Catalogue
j----Sw---—1---- ---- «fi moi-»-« und lrinds of tires at about half the usual prices.
IF YOU NEED TIRES Hedgethorn Puncture-Proof tires on approval and trial st
the special introductory price quoted above; or write for our big Tire and Sundry Catalogue which
describes and auotes all makes and kinds of tires at about half the usual prices.
»« «« ../« . but write us a postal today. DO NOT THINK OF BUYING a bicycle
DO HOT WAIT or a pair of tires from anyone until you know the new and wonderful
offers we are making. It only costa a postal to learn everything. Write it NOW.
Mr Randquist lias had a severe
time the last tour or five weeks caus
ed from an abscess in his neck or
The youngest daughter of Geo. II.
Smith is suffering from what the
doctor calls am abscess on her ear.
B. H. Mitchell's family has been
laid up with la grippe for about ten
days, but is improving.
There seems to be a great deal of
la grippe' around among the people
in Riverside, but nothing serious so
Since his return from Livingston,
Montana, where he has been for
seven years, F. Keeler is making con
siderable improvement on his ranch.
Mrs. Jchm Bitton, Jr., is in bed with
a hard case of la grippe. ,
Harrison and Melvin Ison and Cy
rus Fackrell are home from Rexburg
during holidays and will return after
Willis McMullen has gone to Kays
ville, Utah, to be doctored for rheu
matism again.
James and O. J. Ccibbley are work
ing around here in the interest of
sugar beet acreage.
The people are turning out nicely
to help furnish our hall. People are
anxious for a place to have enter
tainments and dances,"as well as med
ings. I ' i
John Wray of Moreland, who has
been Quarantined with his family for
three weeks, says his family is im
proving and the little boy who w r as st
low with scarlet fever and diptheria,
is improving mieely.
Richard Norwood and Fred Probst
are going to Ashton tomorrow to do
rock work on the railroad for Cham
berlain Bros.
Last Sunday our much esteemed
friend ai d neighbor, Hans Frogner,
who lias lived here for the past 12
years, dropped dead He was visiting
at Hyrum, Utah. Last spring Mr.
Frogner divided his property with
his two sons, Christ and James, and
purchased him a little home in Hy
rum, where lie has been since that
time. The deceased was a native of
Norway and came to this country
about forty years ago aaid resided 1 at
Hyrum, Utah, until twelve years ago
when he came to. Idaho. He leaves
a wife, two sons and four daughters
to mourn liis loss. The remains will
be shipped here and funeral services
will take place at Riverside Thurs
day, with interment in the Riverside
L. M. Capps happened to be but
chering here and took good aim to
kill a beef and missed the mark and
shot Hansen's cow in the heart. The
beef looked aroundi and said it was
good you shot at me and not at the
Miss Ruth Harper has returned
hemefrom Pleasant Grove, Utah, aftei
spending Christmas with her sister,
Mrs. Geo. T. Cobbley.
Dwaine Harper is visiting friends
and relatives at Pleasant Grove, Utah
The rabbit hunt today will be for
dance, the losers paying for the
music. *;T t.,' ; g i
The L. D. S. church is nearing
C. E. Earl had a nice program for
'the school children Christmas even
ing, giving the children candy and
nuts and a supper for tlie grown peo
ple. All had! a goodtime.
J. S. H.
Miss Auril Lusher left Friday morn
ing for Salt Lake where she is spend
ing the holidays.
Miss Seeley of Blackfoot and Miss
Locker of St. Paul, Minn., are visit
ing with Mr. and Mrs. A. C. Kluck
Mrs. Wilson, who has been visit
ing with the Peterson family, left
Thursday for her home in Waubach,
E. V. Reed, cf Burley, Idaho, ar
rived yesterday to spend a month cr
in this vicinity.
Bertha Olson, who Is enrolled in
the B. H. S., is spending her vaca
tion at home.
Early Christmas morning services
were held at the Lutheran church
at 5:30 a., m. In the evening an in
teresting program - was rendered by
the Sunday school.
Rev. and Mrs. StrcmQuist of Idaho
Falls, spent a few days here visit
ing at the home of Frank Wilson.
Mr. and Mrs. Patterson and Wm.
Twitchell, Sr., are spending the week
with relatives at Monida, Montana.
Messrs. Younie and Kennedy were
out from Blackfoot one day last
week looking over the coilntry with
Frank Just as guide.
The program given by the child
ren at the lower Presto school
Thursday night was a credit to teach
er andi pupils, it would seem, how
ever, that the occasion was rather to
well advertised for some five neigh
boring districts sent representatives
in the shape cf a lead cf noisy young
folks, even a school district must en
joy being popular but this was too
much of a good thing.
Sam Matthews, who lias been a
resident of this place for the
two years left the last of tlia
for liis home in Washington.
Care of Brood Sows.
Above all things brood sows
young and old, should have exercise,
plenty of it. You cannot expect
them to be fit for motherhood unless
they have sunlight, exercise, venti
lation and good dry quarters.
Don't hesitate a moment to feed
them alfalfa hay, if ycu have it; if
not, feed clover; give them all they
will eat. It would be wise to shut
off tile corn, until they have eaten a
good deal of hay. You need not be
afraid cf making gilts too fleshy,
provided the feed is of the right
sort. Cive them exercise and flesh
forming feed, and they will not get
too fat. Older brood sows some
times get awkward and lubberly,
a.nd if they are not good mothers
they are apt to disappoint your ex
pectations in rearing the litter if
not in farrowing. The point, wheth
er with aged brood sows or gilts, is
to have plenty of physical vigor and
a fairly good amount of flesh at
tarn wing time. Unless there is a
fairly good amount of flesh they may
not be able to rear their young.
Even all these precautions will not
always obviate bad. luck. Much will
depend on the weather; and ycu
must not expect the best results if
the pigs come in coldish weather,
especially if they have damp and
poorly ventilated quarters. As to
the best time, if you are prepared to
take care cf them and will da so,
February and March are the best
months. If you cannot or will not
do this, better have them come later
although we are likely to have bad
weather any time up to tile first of
June.— Ex.
Alfalfa, the Feed de Luxe,
Five crops a year and every pound
a richer feed than corn 'c,r bran or
any other of the favorites of the
stockmen. When he heard this state
ment by a farmers' institute lecturer,
Robert Walker, a Missouri stock
man-farmer, went heme with a reso
lution to try alfalfa. He sowed about
twenty acres that spring on a piece
of liis most fertile river-bottom land
and. kept the weeds down by 'occas
ionally clipping it with the mower.
The next May he cut two tons of
hay per acre, worth five dollars a
ton at his farm. In August he cut
the seed crop, which yielded about
six bushels an acre, worth eight dol
lars a bushel. In October another
crop of l 'ay was ready, but he turn
ed in his cattle to graze it lightly un
til cold weather. Fifty-eight dollars
an acre the first season—and that
crop of hay was rich enough tci .take
tlie place of several tons of bran for
his fattening cattle.
In 1871 Henry Miller, of southern
California, began to grow alfalfa. He
new has about twenty thousand acres
on irrigated and upland soils. He
cuts 'four tons of hay per acre each
season and feeds it to cattle and
hogs, or bales and sells it for eight
to ten dollars a ton. These are but
casual instances of the virtues of
this crop, whic 1- is the peer of feed
ing stuff. The almost unlimited yield
ing capacity—under irrigation reach
ing ten to twelve tons per acre—to
gether with its richness as a feed by
virtue of a higher percentage of that
flesh and '■one building material, pro
tein, than anyother common farm cro
makes alfalfa the marvel of the crop
Alfalfa, "the best forage," as its
Arabic name reads when translated,
claims place as the oldest crop known
to man. W' en the insane King Ne
buchadnezzar was driven to the
fields to eat grass, as related in the
book of Daniel, he found this nutri
tious and palatable plant a ready
food. The Persians grew alfalfa by
irrigation and gave it to the Greeks
and Romans. That careful old Ro
man countryman. Columella, in his
twelve books en farming, written 56
A. D., told how to grow this crop.
Six crops a year were often cut; and
his method of seeding and care may
be used as a text in schools cf ag
riculture today without serious dan
ger of error. Though so well known
to the ancients, alfalfa is still un
known to tens of thousands of Amer
ica:» farmers, to whom it would be
worth unmeasured millions if once
well established cn their farms. Herd
the former dairyman-governor of Wis
consin, has pronounced the alfalfa
movement "the most important agri
cultural event of the century."
America got alfalfa through seed
importations from Europe into the
Eastern states, where it has been
grown successfully in New York
since 1793. It was there known as
lucern, which name it got from the
Lucerne Valley, in Italy. George
Washington grew it at Mount Vernon
3 The new management of this place wishes =
i to announce that they are remodeling =
3 everything and preparing to do =
\ I Baking of the Highest Quality jj
order Otto Meyerding, Prop. |
ried it westward. The goldseekers
who came around the Horn to Call- i 'I
fornia stopped at Chile and found it !
flourishing where it had been left |
or on other of his estates, and Titos.
Jefferson was so pleased with its ap
pearance that lie wrote of the beauty
of his alfalfa fields.
The Eastern farmer, however, never
adopted the crop generally, nor car
b.v the Spaniards. Alfalfa is known
to have been grown in southern Cal
ifornia du 1859, from there spread
ing eastward through the fertile val
leys df tlie Southwest to Utah, Colo
rado, and on.
Alfalfa demands good farming. It
declines to grow on poor, wet, weedy,
sour and unfilled lands. Many fail
with it on first trial. Some have
become discouraged and called it liait
to grow, yet itis almost a weed in
its rank spread in specially favorable
localities. This fastidious nature
lias hindered its progress in the favor!
of careless farmers, who Ignore its
cardinal requirements. Its three sim
ple demands are a dry, sweet fertile
soil; but these Involve about all there
is to good soil management—namely,
drainage, liming for acidity when it.
is needed and adding the needed fer
tilizers, wth proper tiillage. Alfalfa
refuses to be made a side 'issue; it
demands the best field and care of
the farmer to establish it. It develops
his patience, as it must be cut but
sparingly the first year and must not
be rudely trampled.
"Farming was not so hard 1 before
we knew alfalfa," complained a Kan
sas farmer. ''There used to he oc
casional periods of rest, but now this
plagued crop drives us tlie year roum
In the spring, just as -we are busy
planting tlie corn, we must hustle
away to cut that first crop of al
falfa. It won't wait; it must bo
attended to first. Then i'n June when
we're hoping for a few days let-up,
there is a second crop ready and
another hay harvest is cm us. Late
in July, when it is hot and sultry
and the haymow is a steaming fur
nace, there is more alfalfa to har
vest. In September we used to get a
few days to visit our folks in the
next county, but now that cussed al
falfa must be cut. Cna't leave it or
it spells: and In October, when the
corn harvest is about over, there is
another hay harvest. It's just .cut,
cut, all the year—and that is >not
all. Our barns are full of the stuff,
stacks fill every available feed lot
and we are obliged to buy steers and
lambs and pigs to eat it up out cf
the way ofthe next season's crops.
Alfalfa is no crop for a lazy farm
Back i'n 1889 a rawboned young
cowboy left a sheep ranch on Green
River, Utah, and came heme to north
ern Ohio to help his gray and stoop
ed old father make a bare living
from a wet and weedy old farm. The
boy brought back a bag cf the seed
of the wonderful alfalfa which had
so delighted the hungry lambs when
they returned from the frosted range
for the corral-feeding at the end cf
the range season; but the old, wet
Ohio clay was too poor to grow al
falfa. First attempts to seed it
failed, but the boy had a vision of
fields like the irrigated valleys of
Utah and persisted in sowing more
alfalfa each year; and little by lit
tle It covered the farm as one after
another of the fields were tilled and
limed and manured. The best the
father could do on the farm before
alfalfa came was to sell eight hund
red dollars' worth of wheat, hay, pigs
amd potatoes. In 1909 some fields
yielded six tons cf hay an acre, the
corn from ninety acres grown on al
falfa sod measured almost nine thou
sand bushels, shelled. About fifteen
hundred laitibs were fed to winter
fatness, and three brothers find this
farm, now expanded to over three
hundred acres, demanding their whole
attention. This is not an isolated
story of reclamation; it is being dup
licated on a thousand farms from
Maine to Oregon.
Alfalfa is a dual-purpose plant,
serving the grower in two ways. It
has the highest feeding value of any
of the common farm crops, because
it is rich in digestible protein. Pro
tein is the part of feed plants that
makes red blood, flesh and bone. Pro
tein is the costly part of the food
of animals and alfalfa furnishes a
let of it at the lowest cost and Im a
very palatable form. The agricultural
chemist has shown that a good aver
age crop of alfalfa from one acre in
the Eastern states contains over five
thousand pounds of digestible mat
ter, of which nearly nine hundred
pounds is protein; while its nearest
competitor—red clover—returns only
three thousand pounds of digestible
matter containing only five hundred
pounds of protein. In feeding value
'I s relation to the other common
crops is best shown by comparison
with the common crops on the basis
of percentage of protein. Alfalfa liay
contains 11 per cent digestible pro
tein; red clover, 6.8; timothy, 2.8.
Wheat braai, so generally used as a
source of pretedn, contains only 12.2
per cent of protein.
I'm its palat Ability lies much of its
virtue. All animals love it. Hens
will pluck it; the family dog will
nip the tender shoots as lie passes
through the field. Gorging and bleat
ing may result when hungry animals
are turned into a field and allowed
to eat their fill. The cured hay has
been ground into meal for stock food
(1 tests of alfalfa flour made into
bread have shewn it to be a pala
table food for man.
Alfalfa helps poor soils. It. first
demands that the farmers carefully
drain, lime and manure such land
before it will grow vigorously. Then
it revolutionizes tlie whole stretch of
tlie land by sending its penetrating
roots), deep and wide iw search of
plant food and moisture. Down into
the hard subsoil these needle-tipped
fibers grow—three, six, ten, and even
twenty feet. The constant growth
and decay cf these fine rootlets open
millions of tiny tunnels through the
hardest soil, where aiir and moisture
follow; amd 1 what was once a sc.ggy
mass becomes a loose, friable soil in
:i receptive state for added fertility.
It harbors its own nitrogen-gathering
germ, which draws a supply from the
air when an abundant supply is not
to be had in the soil.
Alfaffa growing is not altogether
easy. Though in some sections it
grows almost wild, securlrg a stand
is the difficult phase of its culture
over most of the country. The best
farmers have to study amd experi
ment with it. A trial plot is advised
by the experts before large areas
are seeded. It is largely a soil prob
lem. No amount of care will bring
success if the soil is wet or sour,
or devoid of available plant food to
support the hungry young alfalfa the
first year. Spring or summer seed
ing is quite generally practiced, thou
fall seeding is followed successfully
in some sections. Plow early and
pack the surface to held the mois
ture Spare no pains on the xeed bed
Make it fine and free from weeds.
Cornland Is best for alfalfa, as the
weeds trouble less. Fifteen pounds of
seed to the acre is used either broad
cast or in the seed attachment of a
grain drill. If the land is very dry
follow the drill with the roller.
A nurse crop of barley has been
used quite generally as a protection,
the first' summer. The nurse crcp
aids dn keeping down weeds, which
may press the tender alfalfa. On
,ke c l® anes t land the nurse crop is
no * needed. If the land has never
Si own clover inoculate with the alfal
^ a bacteria. Manured lar.d seldom
l a eks the germs, but a few hundred
P° u nds of soil from an old
field will do the trick.
The first season's cutting must be
light. After the nurse crop of bar
ley is mowed off, clipping should be
delayed until the small buds appear
near the ground, which are the sure
sign that the plant can bear to have
Its main stems severed.- To cut al
falfa at any time before these shoots
appear is to take great chances of
killing it. To wait too long allows
shoots to grew up to be cut off
an< ^ the Pl an l is again stunted. The
spring-sown field may be clipped
twice the first season, but never vio
' ate this signal of nature that the
Pl an t is ready to replace its top.
Let the plants go into the winter witl
a 8 ,(K)(1 strong top growth. Bare al
falfa stubble fares ill in icy periods,
Like most other plants, alfalfa be
comes acclimated to a region and
local variations have been developed.
The strain grown on rich irrigated
lands will not do well under diry-farm
ing conditions pil'd the plant, as de
veloped in the hot Southwest, will
not thrive in the Northwest.
Alfalfa is ccming again to its own.
Corn, cotton and wheat have in turn
occupied the spotlight cf the country
man's approval as being the great
est cf American crops, but none of
(Continued on Page 2.)

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