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> Wk VOL. IV NO. 6 Ä. BLACKFOOT, BINGHAM COUNTY, IDAHO, THURSDAY, JANUARY 5, 1911 $2.00 PER YEAR LEASING OF RESERVATION LAND The .Superintendent of the Fort Hal} Reservation GUves a Citizen Infor mation in Regard to Leasing In dian Allotments. Fort Hall Indian Agency, Ross Fork, Idaho, Dec. 31, 1910. Sir:— I am in receipt of your letter of December 22, 1910, enclosing a clipp ing from the Pocatello Tribune and asking me certain questions in regarl to the leasing pi lands allotted to the Indians on the Fort Hall reservation. Taking up your questions in their ' order I answer them as follows: FIRST—In leasing 160 or 320 acres of good, land, £3 near Pocatello as is tirVssiblC what would probably be the yearly rental per year? In the first place 1 do not think the Secretary cf the Interior will per-1 mit any one person tor' lease more J than 160 acres of the irrigible land, and I doubt if he will let any one | man lease more than 80 acres. Leasei may be made on a çrop-rental basis i or^a cash rental at the option of the : Indian, and as one tract of land may be and frequently is worth mare than ' another, it is manifestly impossible to name a cash yearly acre rate. At tte outset of the leasing business there ■will be a few short term "improve ment leases'' on raw land made on favorable terms. The lessee will be required to clear such land of sage brush and break it up, build reces sary laterals to get water . on . the land and possibly fence it. SECOND>—What would be the great est number of years for which a lease could now be secured? The Act of Congress, approved o\ June 25, 1910, names five years as the longest term for which a lease can be made. The Department us ually approves leases for terms of three years and no overlapping leases will be approved until within a per-1 iod of seven months before the expira tion of an existing lease; that is if a three year lease is to expire March 1, 1912, no renewal or subsequent on will be made on the land before Aug ust 1, 1911. As the producing value of these lands is not well established at this time, I do not believe that any five year leases will be approved at the beginning of the leasing work. Leases for one year are not infrequent on lands ini cultivation. THIRD—Could I secure say a 20 year lease with an option on buying at expiration of that time, at price now stated? No,~ the longest possible term und.i the law is five years. No option of any kind is or can be given. It Is the policy of the Department, how ever, to give ai perference to the old lessee when a new lease is made on a tract of land, where he has lived u E to the terms of the old tease. Under this policy, lessees are usually able tc hold a single tract as long as they care to lease a farm. FOURTH—What would he the charge per acre for water? This is a matter that can not be stated with accuracy at this time and I think will depend 1 somewhat*on the kind of lease made, 1. e. whether on the grain rent or cash basis. The water rights are appertenant to the land 1 and the maintenance charges will of course have to be paid. FIFTH—What taxes would there be? ' _ The land is free frprn any kind of taxes as long as. the United States holds the title in trust for the In dians. When title passes from the United States we will have no fur ther right to supervise the leasing or in any marner control the land. In addition to the above given in answer to your questions, I have to say the Department does not allow an able-bodied adult Indian less than fifty years of age to lease all of his lan.d n.cr any of it if he is in a Itositicn to farm it to reasonably good advantage. It must be borne in mind that the primary object of allotting lands to individual Indians here and providing'such lands with an elabor ate and expensive irrigation system Is to make self-supporting Indian farmers, and not to provide them wit lands to lease to whites. The Depart ment does not admit that Indians are proverially pocr farmers, hut even if they were, they could never be made* into farmers by allowing them to lease all their land. The Department desires to locate among the Indians practical working farm ers who are temperate and law-abid ing and who will be an example for V* l i® *®- or der that the Department may be sure that the lessee will be the Indians to pattern after, both as to their personal conduct and as farmers. In order to get this kipd of men, the Department limits the amount of land that one man is a>. lowed to lease and every lease car ries in it a covenant that the lessee shall "work and farm the premises in a good and, husbandlike mahner." There is also a covenant against sub leasing, assigning or in any manner transfering any interest in the lease; a farmer and not a speculator in lea ses and.that a lessee may not have the right to put some white man on Indian lands whose habits and be havior would make an Indian blush with shame. A bondi by two respon sible men is required with every lease to escure the payment of rent " due and the carrying out cf the J covenants contained in every lease, The violation of any of the coven | an ^ s contained in a lease shall for the contract and the lessor may i re-enter and take possession of the : land. All leases are made in the Superintendent s office on approved ' Depaitmental forms; both the lessor ari< ^' lessee appearing in the office * or purpose. It is allowable for a white man to visit an Indian for the purpose of negotiating with him for a lease on his lands to be made in the manner tuovided by law, but the actual mak ing .of a lease, deed, mortgage or any contract purporting to convey any interest in an Indian's allotted lallJ ls by Section S, Act cf June 25, 1910, made a misdemeanor and sub jects the offender to a fine of ' not more than $500 for the first offense and on conviction for a second of fense may be fined $500. andl impris oned for not more than one year. There are two classes of Indian lessors, who are termed competent an< l non-emopetent to manage their own business affairs. I may say that i f or the time being every allottee on | this reservation will be deemed to . be "non-competent so far as the leasing of his land is concerned, and: ! all rent will be paid! into this office an d be handled and disbursed as in I dividual Indian money under exist j in S regulations Very respectfully, EVAN W. ESTEP, Superintendent. First Official Action The first official act of James H. Hawley on becoming .governor of ^ho _ perf ° rm€ ?. _ to " e<Ma ' tely after hie Inauguration Monday morn ing, when he sat down at his desk and wrote a. letter to Elizabeth Lida Atkinson ,hl3 12-weeks-old grand daughter, in which he notified her that he had just been inaugurated: as governor of Idaho, andHhat this was the first signature written by him as the state's executive. The letter, the envelope in which it was addressed t< the ycung lady, the pen and pen-hold er with which it was written, are being preserved in trust by Mr. and Mrs. Reil'ly Atkinson, the parents of Miss Elizabeth, as a memento which she may hold dear in luture years.— Statesman. Organized Basket Ball Team. The high school has organized a basket ball -team with Charles Kiefer as their leader. The boys have se cured their first game at American Falls on Friday, January 6th. The girls team will also ac* company them to show the girls of the Power city how the fast game of basket ball is played. Misses Down ing and Thomas seldom miss their mark when they throw for a basket. Kiefer and Parkinson are going to monopolize the baskets for the high school, boys, and Gerdes will handle the ball at center with perfect ease. Pennington, Miller end Baker will endeavor to shoo away any chance of the ball ever entering the Ameri Will Establish Feed Barn. R. E. Hansen, of the Red Barn, contemplates erecting a mammoth feed shed in the rear of the Red Barn, and will conduct a feeding yard, where the farmers can bring their own feed, and for a 1 nominal sui stand their teams in the yard, hav ing their goods protected, and their horses will not be exposed to the weather. This is something that has long been needed in Blackfoot and the arrangements of Mr. Hansen are highly commendable. THE BOND ISSUE IS AN ABSOLUTE NECESSITY Aprop.cs the bond election Satur day of this week, It might be well tô give the public a short review of conditions In school matters as they maw exist. Blackfoot now has In actual ufte two regular school build ing» and the transformed gymnasium. In the Central building there are ten school rooms, in the Irving building eight, In the gymnasium twq: «11 these are now fully occupied by the pupils. There are new enrolled, nine hundred pupils. Eighteen rooms are used for seating purposes, two for re citation rooms 'in connection with the high school. This gives an average of Just fifty pupils to the room for the entire school. Of course these pupils can not be evenly distributed in the several grades for there are always more in the lower grades than in the higher. We have, as a result, four divisions of the primaTybut have no room to provide for more second or third primary divisions. As a re sult there are now in actual atten dance 112 pupils in the third grade who are packed into two rooms of moderate size, and instructed by the teachers. The Seventh È. class, now quartered in the gymnasium, has more than fifty enrolled, the Eighth grade has more than fifty andl the high school has 128, all of whom oan not be seated in the assemblyroom, although the seats have been crowd ed together in such shape as to leave no room for side or back aisles, no place for a teacher's desk or even a chair 1rs the front of the room. The best efforts to ventilate a room this crowded, are of no avail and one only has to see conditions here to realize that we are at a crisis, as far as room is concerned. Now what is to be dene? There art no more school rooms.available for gradtes dr high school. Even, the basements are «ill occupied so far as it is possible to use them. The school population has Increased at the rate cf fifteen per cent for the past two years and the high school- has made a growth of thirty per cent for two years and almost fifty per cent the present year. There is no building or* part of building of the two now in use, that was designed for high school purposes, hence the present quarters are entirely inadequate to accomodate the pupils. There is no WILL ASK FOR APPROPRIATION TO FIX THE FORT HALL SAND ROAD State aid for the repair early next year cf the famous "sand< 'road" across ' the Fort Hall Indian reserva tion between Blackfoot and Pocatello is more than a probability, according to Hon. Peter G. Johnston of Black foot, state representative lrom Bing ham county. Touching on the matter cf state aid for the Pocatello-Blackfoot "sand road," Representative Johnston said ; to a Tribune man last evening that I he would make every effort to secure i the issuance of state bonds in a sum | sufficient to make the six miles of i giicd passable fer all sorts of vehicles Two automobiles loaded with Black-1 foot and Idaho Falls men came down . from the Grove City yesterday as far . a3 Ross Fork, where they were met | by an auto party headed by Robert J. Hayes of this city. In the party from the upper valley were Civil En gineer Beech cf Idaho Falls and En gineer Peterson of Blackfoot, who were commissioned! by Representative Johnston to make a trip ovet the roa and prepare a map thereof for use in presenting the matter of a bend issue to the legislature. They were also instructed to submit estimates of the probable cost of placing the Toad in shape for automobile travel at all times of the year. This will be preliminary to the construction of a Toad that will be a credit to the state and which will be constituted, the real automobile gateway to the Pacific northwest. The auto party from Pocatello con sisted of J. B, Trist, the garage man, R. J. Hayes and George Greene. The Blackfoot party included in ad dition to those mentioned, Dan Jones Assembly here large enough, there are no well* epuipped laboratories no class rooms, there is no commercial room, no lecture room, no domestic science department ho place fer draw tag, in fact none of these things that go to make up a first class high school, according to the modern un derstanding of the term. The school board proposes to make the new building of sufficient size to accomodate not only the high school, and entirely moderize this departmen but to make room for the seventh and eight grades as well. This wouh* provide for five more grades in the, present buildings or an increase of 250 pupils in the grades and 150 more in high school. The' present enrollment in the grades shows that next year's com mon school graduates from the ones now attending will reach ninety, so that a division of thq eighth grade will be absolutely necessary next Sep tember. The conditions are such that the school is at a very critical stage. There must be more room provided or half day sessions far at least three gradies will be necessary next Sep tember, while even now the high school is rot filling its full mission on account of insufficient room and Inadequate equipment. Twin Falls has under construction a high school building which is> to cost $60,000, Pocatello now has a $80,000 structure, Idaho Falls contem plates am $85,000 building, Coeur d' Alene isi building a $60,000 exclusive high school, so that it behooves us to get in line and make it possible to keep our schoolsystem in the front tanks. A modern building cosing $t25,000, which can be furnished and equipped for less than $5,000 would 1 accomodat 250 high school pupils. It would be in every way adequate to the needs of the town for many years to com i, if not for all time. This is what the bond issue means and in brief these, are the conditions which have given use to the bond election. The board is asking for nothing that is not an absolute nec essity to the community. Respectfully yours, W. D. VINCENT. Dr. Patrie and K. P. Brown, cf the Blackfoot Optimist. The map to he prepared by'the -en gineers will be large enough to show the relative position cf the "sand goad'' and such points cf interest as the Yellowstone National park, the .great hunting and fishing grounds of Custer and Lemhi counties, the famour outing places of Blaine coun ; ty and the Wood river region, Boise I PodLtello, Blackfoot, Idaho Falls and i the magnificent Snake river valley, | an d other points of interest in this i region. ; Pocatello and Blackfoot are on the main auto highway through this . region. Annually hundreds of cars . from all parts cf the middle west, | particularly from Utah, pass through here on their way to the pleasure places of the upper valley of the Snake. - Thousands of other cars would make the journey were it not that the fame, or rather the ip-fame, of the Ross Fork "sand road," has spread throughout the nation. Auto mobile guide books, showing the var ious routes of travel in America, con tain invariably a warning against the heart-breaking sand) road above Poca tello. Warnings are given that only the most powerful cars can negetate this six miles of mercury-like sand. Even. then the advice is given to de flate the rear tires before entering the sand belt, and the statement is made that low gear, or at best the intermediate, will be required thru the six miles of the badroad. If by any means possible this stig ma could be removed from the name of Idaho, .and am automobile highway opened through the Gate City to the magnificent upper valley of th.e Snak> it would result in not only one of the finest possible advertisements, but would attract to this region thousand of auto tourists headed for the north west, 1er the Yellowstone park, for Shoshone- Falls, Twin Falls, Thousan Springs, for the great Island Park country in northern Fremont county (perhaps the most beautiful summer resort in .the west), and to the innu merable other pleasure places of the Gem State Representative Johnston will have the hearty support cf the Banncck county delegation, who, while all Democrats and therefore members of the minority party, will still have considerable'influence in encourag, ing the support cf other Democrats for the goodl road proposition.—Poca tello Tribune. Blackfoot; Idaho, Dec. 30, 1910. To the Hon. Peter G. Johnston, Boise, Idaho. Dear Siir:— We, the undersigned, engineers cf Bingham county, beg leave to report that we have made a thorough exam ination and Investigation in regard to the present condition of the main wagen road! across the heavy sards between this city and Ross Fork, with a view to estimating the cost of ai permanent improvement ini the condition of the same,, said road at the present time being In an almost impassable condition. In our opin ion, oj substantial macadamized high way for the distance of five (5) miles Is the only permanent solution of the difficulty, necessitating, little if any repairs for a considerable time to come. The estimated cost of *uch a roadway wouldi be as follows: For 18 feet wide, $100 per lineal foot, $5, 280.00 per mile, or $26,400.00 for the total five miles. For 20 feet width, $1.10 per lineal foot, $5808.00 per mile, or $29,040.00 for the five miles. An additional sum cf $500 for pur poses of clearing, grading dnd other Incidental expenses. Said road woul have an underfilling of Btone, well rolled, and covered with crushed stone one foot thick at center and äix inches at outer edges, the whole to be covered with a layer of clay to fill all velds Very respectfully submitted, O. E. Peterson Walter A. Funk • A. E. Christensen Blackfoot, Idaho, Dec. 30, 1910. To the Hon. Peter G. Johnston, ™ Boise, Idaho. Dear Sir: We, the undersigned, engineers of Bingham county, hereby beg leave to submit the report that we have made a thorough examination and investi gation in regard to the present con dition of the main wagon roadi across the heavy sands between this city and Ross Fork, with a view to esti mating the cost of a permanent im provement Id the condition of the same, said road at the present time being in an almcst impassable ccn dition. In cur opinion, a substantial mecadamizedl highway for a distance of five (5) miles is the only perm nent and feasible solution of the dif ficulty, necessitating little if any re pairs fer many years 1 toi come. For such a read -eight (8) feet in width with turnouts every one-querter of a mile, we estimate the ccst -cf con structlon at fifty-five cents ($.5 per lineal foot, $2904.00 per mile, or $14,520.00 for the entire piece of road way. Said road would have an (ierfilling of quarried reck or stone covered with crushed stone and clay, the whole roadl bed thus made to be about one foot thick at the center, tapering down to about eight inches at the outer edges. We think such a roadway to be the only one insur ing permanence ard stability. Very respectfully submitted, O. E. Peterson Walter A. Funk A. E. Christensen Engineers. Residence Property For Sale After the completion of my new residence, my. property at the corner of Francis and Fisher streets, will be for sale, It consists of a nine roon house, all modern conveniences, good basement, barn, coal and wood house, hen house, buggy shed,, 110 fruit trees all good varieties. Terms to suit purchaser. R. E. Hansen, Red Barn, Blackfoot, Idaho. ' -, tf Mr. and Mrs. John Briggs return ed Tuesday from Rigby, where they 3pent the holiday season. SOUTHEASTERN IDAHO POULTRY SHOW. Arrangements Being Perfected For The Initial Exhibit, Which Prom-j ises To Excite Great Interest^ Throughout This Part cf Idaho. The date for the first annual poul try exhibit of the Southeastern Ida ho! Poultry Association has been set for January 25, 26, 27 and 28, 1911, and judging from the -number of in quiries relative to entries received within the last few days by the sec retary^ interest in the show is de veloping throughout this part of the west, as exhibitors from every part of the state are signifying an inten tion/ to participate in the association work by bringing their fowls here for the four days. The Blackfoot Auc tion company hare voluntarily do nated their large room next to the pcstcffice as an exhibition hail for the show and arrangements are made for stands upon, which to place the pens. Owing to the limited amount of capital with which the association starts all .exhibitors are requested, to furnish their own pens for this year, but im the event of an exhibitor not doing so, pens will be furnished. Prof Elmer Gimlin will judge the birds, which insures a. positive scoring. All persens holding a membership card in the association will be granted the privilege of exhibiting est many birds as they desire, and all persons entering -four hens and a. rooster will be given a free membership to the organization. A charge of 25c per head for fowls will be charged. Many breeders of poultry throughout the Unitedl States are writing to the ef fect that they will donate articles for prizes. As yet the merchants cf Blackfoot have not been solicited for prizes but as this show will bring to the city a number of outsiders for four days it would be nothing amiss for the business men to assist the association in this their initial ef forts, by. volunteering to give some useful article as a prize to the w* n - ners The association wishes tt under stood that no one in the United' States is barred from exhibiting fowls, dogs or pigeons. In fact ex hibits from every locality aire soli cited and inquiries directed to the president or secretary relativ© to the shew will be promptly answered. bfflqer Presents Good Record The office of assessor and collector will be turned over to Moses Wright by C. E. Crowley next Monday, and' never in the history of this, county was the affairs of the office in bet ter shape than at present. It is the first time in fifteen years that the office work was so well finished, and in such good shape to turn over to a successor. The taxes are nearer paid up than ever before. Frcm Sat urday noon -to Monday r-oon there was paid into the office $86,000.00. There are 61,000 assessments and cf that number 4,900 are receipted for, with 500 in the mail at the present time, from which there has net been time to hear. Some assessments have been held back on account of errer. Between 500 a-v.d 600 will go delinquent. They will amount to $20, 000. Deducing the latter amount from the $325,000, total assessment, it leaves the condition of this county in a highly creditable state, speaking well fer the prosperity of this part of Idaho. New Residence Nearing Completion The elegant new res-idence of R. E. Ilansen on Judicial street, is t earing completion, and/ will be one -cf the finest in the city. It has every con-, venience, consists of seven rooms and bath. A cellar as large as the out side walls permit, is also a feature that adds materially to the many other attractive features. Mr. Hansen is building both his business and resi dence to stay, and is spending a vast amount of money on both. His livery business is splendidly equip ped for everyone's convenience. Fell From Horse. Roy Randall, while driving to town from bis dairy ranch north of town Tuesday evening, had an accident which, has disabled him. The horse he was riding slipped on the ice and tell, throwing Mr. Randall in such a way as to injure him quite badlj. His injuries preclude the pos sibility of his attending to his work in the dairy and his brother, Ray, *s looking after his interests.