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HViÿuUX, Telephone service enters more intimately into the lives of the public than does say other utility, for it affects, in a greater or lesser degree, practically every form of human activity. We cannot afford to pursue any course, which,-upon analysis, would prove to be contrary to the best interests of the public and a consequent betrayal of public confidence. This condition imposes upon us grave responsibilities, which we cheerfully rec ognize and which we undertake at all times to discharge in a manner that will merit public favor. Therefore, we shape our policies and build our rates to conform to the best thought developed in the telephone business up to the present day. By pursuing such a course we believe we will always merit the confidence of the people we serve. Our entire PLANT, which affords facilities for intercommunication in the cities, towns and rural districts of seven states, is built upon confidence. Con fidence in the industrial and commercial future of the territory which our system covers; confidence in the fairness of the people we serve and confi dence in our ability to serve the public well. Our entire BUSINESS is built upon confidence. Confidence which the public has in our corporate character ; confidence in the integrity of our policies and confidence in our ability to render efficient service. The Mountain States Telephone and Telegraph Co. h\______ P. E. 0. MEETING GREATLY ENJOYED "The Idaho grand chapter of P. E. O. held its first annual convention iu Blaekfoot last week, and from the meet ing of the delegates at the train on Tuesday to the speeding them on their way on Friday morning nothing was left undone that could in any way add to the pleasure and comfort of the guests," said Mrs. J. G. Graveley, of Boise, previous to her return home. On the arrival of the delegates in Blaekfoot they were taken by autos to the K. of P. hall, which was tastefully decorated with draperies of yellow and white, the P. E. O. colors, where an in formal reception was held and the dele gates enrolled ami assigned to homes of members of Chapter B, the local organ i/.ation. The convention was honored by the attendance of the supreme president, Mrs. Helen M. Drake, of Beatrice, Neb-, who by her pleasing personality, her cheerfulness and unfailing kindness en deared herself to every member of the convention. In her address to the con vention the. lady by suggestions anil answering questions was most helpful. The first regular session was called to order Wednesday morning at 9 o'clock by Mrs. Lottie M. Graveley, State pres Do You Âsk For Sugar By Name When ordering sugar, do you say, "Utah-Ida ho?" By doing so you are assured perfect su gar. Get it by the sack today and note its white ness, pureness, sweet ness and fine, even gran ulation. By making it under stood that you will not accept aiiy other sugar than "Utah-Idaho," the grocer will know you are particular, and will sec that the rest of the things he sells you are of the same high quality. Be sure you ask for "Utah-Idaho," for it's a name That means much in sugar values. There is a sack awaiting your order at your grocer's. Utah-Idaho Sugar ABSOLUTELY PURE ident, with the supreme president, the State organizer and all state officers on the platform. Seated in convention were 20 dele gates and 21 visitors who, together with the officers, made a total attendance of 49- The youngest one present was a five-weeks-old B. I. L., son of Mrs. Man non, of Jerome, State treasurer- Dele gates from the eleven chapters were from Boise A and H, Payette, Twin Falls, Jerome, Caldwell, Gooding, Em mett, Burley, Pocatello, and the local delegation. The programs were interspersed with instructive and interesting papers, vocal selections, readings and suggestions. The address of welcome written by Mrs. DeHart, president of the Black foot chapter, who was called away on account of illness, was pleasingly given by Mrs. 8. W. Wilson. In a short history of P. E. O., given that from the .original chapter the so ciety had grown from one chapter to 600 chapters, and from seven members to more than 20,000, being the largest affiliated sisterhood in existence. The educational fund of the society has reached $40,000, which is loaned at 4 per cent interest, and is now being used to aid 200 girls. There are enough applications ahead to use $10,000 more The delegates' physical needs were amply supplied by the Blaekfoot sisters, w T ho provided luncheons and dinners served in the dining room of the i Baptist church, Which was also decorated with the colors a id flower of the order, thus allowing mich social intercourse between session The convention closed evening with a formal which the B. I. L. 's were enjoyable program was re The reading of the ' ' Song written by Jean Ingelon, by Stevens and acted in pant the feature of the evening. Solos were given by Mrs. Pocatello, Miss Hilstrum, and Mrs. Peters, of Black trio by Mesdames Wilson, 'Thomson, of Blaekfoot. Headings were given by son, of Payette, and the prej with a chorus sung by th ladies, and composed by Moore. The State officers were r follows: State president, M. Graveley, Boise; first vi Mrs. Dorothy Aldrich, Bla ond vice president, Mrs. Payette; recording secreta Ley-son, i-ooding; corresno vary, Mrs. Georgia McFa well; treasurer, Mrs. Hat! Jerome; organizer, Mrs. Jo i. l Thursday eception to invited. An ndered. of Seven, ' ' Mrs. Grace omime, was Young, of of Emmett, foot, and a Craig, and Miss John gram closed Blaekfoot drs. Lucilc elected, as Mrs. Lottie e president, kfoot; sec attic Wood, Mrs- Ruth tiling serre Cald ie Marmon, lena Smith. Mil MOKMON SOCIETIES TO HOED CONVENTION All preliminary arrangements have been made for the annual c invention of the Young Men's and Young Ladies' Mutual Improvement asst editions of the Mormon church, whict will hi session from Thursday- to Sunday of the coming week. Thousands of repre sentatives of the seventy-two stakes oi (lurch districts will come to the ventiou from as far *orth as Alberta Canada, anil as far south as Mexi Idaho, Utah, Colorado, Wyoming, New Mexico, Arizona and Neva la will send big delegations. The program includes so as "business sessions of the izations. President Joseph scheduled to deliver three Friday afternoon before th men, and again Sunday afternoon to the general the tabernacle. Among events will be the reception the general officers of th« to the local officers on Frpl the Hotel Utah, a luncheon stake superintendents at Lion House on Saturday, eon to lie given by the o young ladies' assocl&tions presidents in the Fourteen also on Saturday. The various sessions and the convention will touch lowing subjects: Scout work, hikes, summer ram young [»eople for leadership A. reading courses, class wo liais, vocation work, speri and social activities.—Salt une. John Claflin, head of the II. B. Claflin company, which failed in June, 1914, for $.'>4,000,000, now possesses a hank balance of $200, according to a rejiort filed with the supreme court referep. r iai as well two organ Smith is talks, one on p young wo inorning and in ventiou in the social tendered bv association lay night at tendered the the historic ind a lunch ficers of the to the local th ward hall divisions of on the fol }rk, beehive ips, training the M. I. rk and man aetivities Lake Trib iil THE KAISER'S PRATER. Gott, Gott, dear Gott, attentions, bleaae, Your hartner, Vilhelm's here And has a word or two to say Indo your private ear. So durn away all others now, Und listen well to me; For what I say concerns me much— Meinseif und Shermany. You know, dear Gott, I vas your friendt Und from mein hour of birth I always let you rule der Heffen Vile I ruled o'er de EaTth; Und when I told mein soldiers Of bygone battle days I gladly spit the glory Und gif you half der praise. In every way I tried to prove Mein heart to you vas true, Und only claimed mein honest share In great deeds vat ve do. You could not hat a better friendt Iu sky, or land, or sea. Dan Kaiser Villlielm Number Two, Dé Lord of Shermany. So, vat I say, dear Gott, is dis, Dat ve should still be frieiults, Und you should send mine enemies To meet their bitter endts. If you, dear Gott, vill dis me do I'll nothing ask again. Und you and me vill bartners be Forever more—Amen. But listen, Gott, it must be quick Your help to me must send. Or else T have to stop attack Und only play defend; So four und dwenty hours I gif To make the Allies run, Und put me safe indo my blae« — The middle of de Sun. If you do dis, I'll do my bart, I'll tell de world de fact; But if von don't, den I must think It is an hostile act. Den var at vonce T will declare And in mein anger rise Und send mein Sepp'lin ships to wag" Affright up in de skies. Dis ultimatum, now, dear Gott, Ts von of many more; Mein mind is settled up to clean De whole world off de floor— Because you vas mein bgrtner, Gott, An extra chance is giffen: So help at once, or else 1 'll be De Emperor of Heffen. WHEN AMERICA WAS VERY CLOSE TO WAR A secret chapter in American diplo macy was disclosed in Washington last Saturday in an investigation of the charge made recently by former Secre tary of the Treasury Leslie M. Shaw, that twice within the past ten years the imminence of war seemed to justify this government in shipping gold inland from the subtreasury at San Francisco. Japan in 1907 sought to float a loan in Great Britan and France for the pur nose of financing a war upon the United States. She failed through the machin ations of the Russian government and the interference of King Edward of England. During the second peace conference at The Hague, in the summer of 1907. a Russian delegate informed an Ameri can official at The Hague that a Japan ese commission was in England, its os tensible object, being to raise a loan for establishing a great educational system in Japan. The American official smiled incredu lously and declared the Russian must be mistaken, but the czar's envoy suggest ed that the American state department ought to be advised, and the sooner, tho wiser. A cablegram was dispatched forth with to the state department, which communicated immediately with the British foreign office. Downing street, because of the Anglo-Japanese alliance, hesitated to act. and carried the infor mation transmitted by the United States to King Edward. The king sent for his financial ad viser, Sir Ernest Cassell, and inquired of the progress the Japanese commis sion was making and of the real purpose of the desired loan. The interview with his advisers convinced him thaï Julian desired war with this country, •mil that the «liiert of the loan was tr »nable her to prosecute a war with a first-class power, anil was not for edu r ational or other purposes King Edward directed Sir Ernest tr discourage the loan and to inform th' British financial interests that to grant it would embarrass the British govern ment and prejudice English interests. The Japanese commission made nr further headway in London and fir«!' went to France, whore its efforts like wise failed because of the influence of the English king over the French gov eminent. Relations between Japan and th" United States became greatly strained in October, 1908, over tho San Francisco school controversy, which ushered in also the more troublesome problem of Japanese immigration. PARK HELP ON THE WAY. Everybody from a camp boy to -i manager of a Yellowstone Park hotel passed through Blaekfoot Tuesday aft ernoon oji the first "admiral special," hound for the southern gates of Yellow stone Park. The partv left Pocatello on a second section of No. 13, and was due to arrive at Yellowstone Tuesday night. Active Reparations for handling one of the greatest armies of park tourists that ever entered a national playground soon will be made, and the companies are getting things in ship-shape to re ceive the first guests. The bulk of the park help will go through the middle of next week. P. E. Kelsey, of Buhl. Idaho, one day this week gave the landlady of a Dillon rooming house a sum of money to keep for him until he called for it. When he demanded his money she shot him. He was taken to a Dillon hospital, and will probably recover. The middle west this week is experi coring a belated tornado season, Illi nois and Iowa being the sufferers. Near Sangamon, Illinois, last Friday morn ing, a fast Wabash passenger train was blown from the tracks and many in jured. Much damage was occasioned in eastern Iowa bv wind and floods. HISTORICAL REVIEW OF THE PAST For Preparedness and More Comfort for the Workingman. Editor Optimist; It is with feelings of pleasure that I take the present op portunity of presenting to vour read ers a few ideas of religious and other questions and their outlook in the fu ture to all mankind. Historical Review of the Past. The curiosity and interest in all civ ilized people prompts them to inquire into the history of any marked im provement existipg in any religious or ganization in thé mind of the historian, not only a feeling of pleasure and a de sire for knowledge, but a laudable am bition to gratify it. . Ingenious men possessed of learning are apt to push their researches beyond the period in which facts, in a great measure, have been established. With out reflecting accuracy, the most valu able of all matter worthy of note in his tory is immediately lost or disfigured. The true traditions of history afford interest to good citizens of a cultured age, which is often times employed by authors to supply the place of history; and to add nught else but facts should be entirely disregarded. True religious principles are from the heart, rather than outward form. The true teacher of the word of God is the highest agency on earth. To save the human soul from the consequences of sin is his divine mission. Ministers should teach the truth and the love of all man kind, but should govern them in ac cordance with heavenly things so as to inherit joy, truth and good conduct to gqin the eternal home in the heav ens above. By such we will inherit the true Christian spirit which should pre vail, and'I love to be a Christian lover of hope. I hope to see the blessings and visi ble traces of llis love and mercy to com fort the Christian heart. But if this existence is only a dreamj T shall bo thankful to awaken out of it by quiet and safer understanding of 'modern his tory in life's pathway. It is well to reverence the Infinite Father's bless ings that all enjoy, and wish to teach charity, love, and assist in perpetuat ing righteousness, rendering good in stead of evil through life, and hope to be in harmony with ecclesiastical au thority for the good of all mankind. For Preparedness. In all ages of the world's history tlio people have ever been ruled with an iron hand by the monarch of the mon archies, and for the monarch with bloody wars in the old world to gain money, lands and power- Préparé, my fellow countrymen, to develop and in crease the industries of this benificent land of freedom to make the people happy and self-sustaining. There are ninny ways for the people to utilize the God given resources of this land of liberty. Prepare to conserve the water oil all the tributaries of the Snake river, and fully develop the millions of acre of land now valueless, where thousands of people could make happy homes and relieve the congestion of the crowded cities of America. The farmers are the life of. this or any other nation. They are the life of trade on sea or laud. Therefore, to en hance trade nH citizens should use* their influence to encourage the devel opment of the arid lands, to protect life, and decrease the destruction of life by the large guns of war, and thus avoid drifting back to the nark ages of ig norance, savagery and crime. I believe it would be a God's bless ing to protect the lives of the warring nations from the blood-thirsty rulers of Europe. "Then know ye that every soul is free to choose his life, and what He'll do." More Comfort for Workingmen. i | j j j j Let me say to you what I mean by more comfort for the workingmen: It is to give to every man what he earns with Ws hands and the sweat of his brow. Capital takes too much, and labor receives too little. Labor will not al ways live in a hut while capital dwells in a palace. Flesh and blood are more precious than gold, and I hope the time is not far distant when the law will see to it that every citizen lias the right to life, liberty, and not only the prusuit of happiness, but the right to have those blessings before he dies. I wish for liberty for every man, woman mid child. Just think of it, fellow-citizens: im agine for one moment the impudence of a monarch claiming the right to deprive others of thinking for themselves! If I have not that right, who hast Let me einphazize the fact that mar riage is the holiest institution among men; without the fireside there is no human advancement, and without tho family there is no life worth living. Every good government is made up of good* citizens. The grandest ambition that any man run have is to live and improve himself in heart and brain so as to be worthy of the love of a good woman, ami the grandest ambition of any woman is to be worthy of the lovo and adoration of some good man "Education," says Milton, "is that which fits mail to perform justice skill fully ami magnanimously to all duties, both public and private, of peace or war." Therefore the great lesson be fore the citizens today should not he lost sight of. While brave men are still living who are ready to die pro tecting their inalienable rights against a foreign danger to our nation, it be hooves every true and loyal patriot to so live that he is willing to make any sacrifice in case of necessity to pro tect the welfare and happiness ami free dom that has been handed down to Uf by loyal patriots whose lilood has lmen shed that all inav be free; and it is left to the patriots of our day to desire peace, but that peace must he with honor, with wisdom and courage in times of danger to follow the stars and stripes wherever it may wave, on land or on sea. Liberty is not to be unjustly tam pered with; it is the greatest and the grandest privilege that can enter the minds of Americans. Civilization rest» upon the family, and good government grows' about the holy hearth of home where liberty clusters, blooms and sheds its halo around the fireside, where love and honor reign. Take from the world the family, the fireside, the children born in love, like the lilies with hearts of fire, and you take the fairest flow ers in all the world. It was not until August 28, 18:i3, that Great Britain abolished human slavery in her colonies, and it was not until January 1, 1862, that Abraham Lin coln wiped from our flag the stigma and disgrace of slavery and banished it from the land of the true and brave. Abraham Lincoln, in my judgment, wns the the grandest man ever presi dent of the United States. Let us all hope that President Woodrow Wilson will be blessed with divine power and forethought to he able to combat the evils now encountered and be a messen ger of peace to European nations and a shining light to this nation and the world at large. Also, hoping that all citizens will aid and 'assist him in the discharge of his arduous duties, irre spective of political affiliation, while in the presidential chair. Respectfully vours, JOHN BOND, SR. JACKSON LAKE DAM NEARLY COMPLETED "The Jackson Lake dam extension to enable storage of additional water for the Twin Falls north and south side projects will be completed in July of Hie present year. At that time the sale of water by the reelamation ser vice from the Minidoka reservoir to the Twin Falls project will eease. Tho Jackson Lake reservoir is in Wyom ing. about 25 miles south of the Yel lowstone park boundary. The water in the take is not available in Wyoming, but is iu Idaho. The concrete work is finished and the earthwork will he done next mouth. The Jackson Lake reservoir will store considerable water, which will bo available for use this year. Its stor age capacity is 700,000 acre feet, the greatest of any dam in the world of its height, 57 feet. The main dam will bo completed within the original estimate of $040,000, which is also a remarka ble feature. It will take the water from Jackson Lake seven days to flow down the Snake river to tiio Milner dam. In or der to arrange for the passage of this storage water, a conference was held iu the office of State Engineer Smith at which time representatives of all ir rigation and canal companies on the "Snake river above Milner were present. The meeting was called by the State engineer iu order that a full under standing might lie had with respect to handling of the Jackson Lake water, which will pass a large number of canal hendgates before it reaches its point of diversion to the Twin Falls project. THE SEQUOIA MALE QUARTET. The dream of nil lovers of vocal en semble is the materialization of a mala quartet proportionate to their concep tion of what one should be- The aver age person will go to hear a male quar tet because it is a male quartet—being so charmed with this particular form of harmonic arrangement ns to lie im pervious to other forms perhaps equal ly effective. There must be some fund 'aineiitiil truth at the foundation of tho universal and phenomenal preference* for a male quartet. There is. Tho most eminent critics of vocalization aro agreed that male voices blend better, carry farther and reach deeper than mixed voices. The versatility in tone effect of a male quartete immeasurably exceeds that of any other divisional unit. The results obtained in this re spect by the Sequoia Male Quartet can not be excelled. To listen to their splendid repertoire is to lieur severally reproduced with astonishing skill; tho tumming of banjos in the cabins of tho cotton fields of the uld South; the real istic tingling twang of the guitar ns fingered by abandoned devotees of tho instrument; the half reedy whispering hum of the Hawaainn taropatch; tho chords on a cathedral organ; and throughout every shade of orchestral tonality, from the heavy harmonies of the more pretentious selections to tho shadow tracing of lighter numbers. M. L. Bowman, bass, for several years leading basso wilh the Henry W. Savage Grand Opera Company, has ,t voice of exceptional quality, depth and range. Joseph A. Finley, second tenor and reader, has enjoyed a wide experi ence and popularity in both capacities. He was, in addition to many other po sitions of similar character, former con ductor of the Portland Oratorio Society. H. M. Whetsel, first tenor, will remind many of John McCormick, when ho sings Mother Macree. William L. Bat ton, baritone, accompanist and pianist, with years of success throughout the west,-has already drawn the attention of the eastern critics ami press. His own arrangement of "The Rosary" (Nevin) never fails to delight an audi ence. These singers and entertainers will be a feature of the chautaiiqun that you will not forget. DISCUSSES IDAHO STATE LOANS MOSCOW, Idaho, May 30.— In an open letter to Governor Mo.'. 's Alexan der former Governor W. J. McConnell sa vs; "In the interest of the school chil dren of the state of Idaho I desire to direct your attention to section 3, ar ticle 9 of the constitution- of Idaho, which is in part as follows: 'The public, school fund of the state shall forever remain inviolate and intact.' •■The closing sentence of the same sis-tion further states that 'The statu shall supply all losses thereof that may in any manner occur. ' • ' Losses have oceured by making excessive loans, and others, judging from rumors afloat, are liable to fol low, but if so let us meet them man fully, as the framer» of our constitution# "If mistakes have been made in ma king loans, as is probable, clean them up, as the statute provides, ascertain the loss, if any, ami ask the legisla ture to supply it as the constitution di r«H-ts. If this provision is carried out, as is intended, every taxpayer will bo interested in loans made by the land board, and will give you valuable aid in determining the good loans front the bad. I need not tell von that it is the duty of the chairman of your board to advise the legislature of such Tosses of school funds as may have occurred and request that an apprnpri&tiou bo made to supply such loss."