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BIG STRIKE IMPENDS
ON ALL RAILROADS Four Brotherhoods Make Unprec edented Wage Demand. ASK FOR $100,000,000 A YEAR All Plan* For Settlement Have Been Rejected by Brotherhood Leader*, Who Are Now Engaged In Taking Strike Vote and Will Return For An other Conference Early in August, % The most important strike vote in the history of labor disputes is now being taken by the more than 300.000 engi neers, conductors, firemen and brake men employed on the railroads of the United States to enforce their demand for an increase in wages estimated by the railroad managers at $100,000,000 a year. In many ways the situation thus cre ated is absolutely unprecedented. Nev er before has n demand for so large a raise in pay been presented to a single group of employers at one time. If the employees vote to leave the service the lenders of the four train Bervice brotherhoods will have the power to declare the biggest strikp ever experienced. Never before has a strike on all the railroads of the country even been seriously threatened. The "big four" brotherhoods of train employees lmve heretofore confined their concerted wage movements to one section of the country at a time, and while the engi neers and firemen or the conductors and brakemen have frequently joined in such movements this is the first case In which all four organizations have combined to enforce an Increase in wages. Willie the demands apply only to freight and switching service, except ing the passenger service, all of the employees who are members of the or ganizations, as well as all nonunion train employees, are being called upon to vote for a strike. The train employees are demanding an eight hour "basic" day—in other words, that they shall be paid the same wage for eight hours or 100 miles or less that they now receive for ten hours or 100 miles or less. This would make the hourly rate one-eighth of a day's pay or the equivalent of twelve and one-half miles instead of one-tenth of a day's pay or the equivalent of ten miles. They also demand "time and one-half for overtime," or a rate of pay 60 per cent higher than the regular rate, for all time over eight hours or over the time which would be required to complete a trip at a speed of twelve and one-half miles per hour. The demands were formulated by a committee of the executive officers of the four brotherhoods in Chicago last December, and were first submitted to a referendum vote of the men. The demands were formally served on the roads on March 30, with a request that the railroads appoint a conference com mittee representing all the roads to ne gotiate with a committee representing the organizations. The railroads promptly replied with a notice that in connection with the proposals of the employees they de sired to have considered certain provi sions in the present schedules, which If continued in connection with the higher basis of pay, would lead to un fair results and in many cases would multiply the inequities of double com pensation for the same time or serv ice. Arrangements were made for a conference to be held at New York be ginning on June 1 for the purpose of discussing the demands. The roads were represented by the national con ference committee of the railways and the employees by the executive offi cers and general chairmen of the four brotherhoods. The conference lasted two weeks. The brotherhood leaders refused to consider any modification of their demands and the railroads were unwilling to grant a further large in crease in wages to the highest paid class of their employees without a mandate from some tribunal represent ing the public. On June 15 the con ference committee gave the brother hoods a formal reply declining to grant the demauds, but proposing that the entire controversy be settled, pref ■ erably by submission of the entire question to the interstate commerce commission or else by arbitration un der the Newlands law. Both plans for a settlement were rejected by the brotherhood leaders, who announced their intention of taking a strike vote and returning for another conference early in August. Writ* to Your Congressman. Chicago.—In an editorial demanding that congress empower the interstate commerce commission to intervene in the railway wage controversy the Chi cago Tribune says: If there ever was a time for citizens to write to their congressmen it is now. i The nation will have to intervene in this railroad strike for self protection. The nation wants justice done to both sides. Justice will not come from per mitting a fight between the railroad employees and employers. All that can possibly corné of it will be intense suffering throughout the country. The public will not long maintain the role of Innocent bystander. The interstate commerce commission should be empowered to prevent this threatened railroad strike. Congress can so empower it This is a national emergency. Write to your congressman about it. i "AMERICA FIRST AND AMER ICA EFFICIENT." W* come to atato In a plain and direct manner our faith, our purpose and our pledge. This representative gathering I* a happy augury. It meana the strength *f reunion. It means that the party of Lincoln la re stored, alert, effective. It mean* the unity of a common percep tion of paramount national needs. It mean* that we are neither deceived nor benumbed by abnormal conditions. We know that we are in a critical period, perhaps more critical than any period #ince the Civil War. We need a dominant sense of national unity; the ex ercise of our best constructive powers; the vigor and resource fulness of a quickened America. We desire that the Republican Party as a great liberty party shall be the agency of national achievement, the organ of the effective expression of dominant Americanism. What do I mean by that? I mean America con scions of power, awake to obli gation, erect in self-respect, pre pared for every emergency, de voted to the ideals of peace, in stinct with the spirit of human brotherhood, safeguarding both Individual opportunity and the public interest, maintaining a well-ordered constitutional sys- tem adapted to local self-govern ment without the sacrifice of essential national authority, ap preciating the necessity of sta bility, expert knowledge and thorough organization as the in dispensable conditions of se curity and progress; a country loved by its citizens with a pa triotic fervor permitting no divi sion In their allegiance and no' rivals In their affection—I mean America first and America effi cient. It is in this spirit that I respond to your summons.— From Mr. Hughes' speech of ac ceptance. ADEQUATE FEDERAL WORK MEN'S COMPENSATION LAWS. I stand for adequate Federal Workmen's Compensation laws, dealing not only with the em ployes of Government, but with those employes who are engag ed in Interstate commerce, and are subject to the hazard of In jury, so that those activities which are within the sphere of the constitutional authority of Congress may be dealt with un der a suitable law.—From Mr. Hughes' speech of acceptance. THE NATION IS SHOCKING LY UNPREPARED. It is apparent that we are shockingly unprepared. There is no room for controversy on this point since the object les son on the Mexican border. All our available regular troops (less, I believe, than 40,000) are mere or in Mexico, and as thesb have been deemed insufficient the entire National Guard has been ordered out; that is, w* are summoning practically all our movable military forces in order to prevent bandit incur sions. In view of the warnings of the past three years, it is inexcusable that we should find ourselves in this plight. For our faithful guardsmen, who with a fine patriotism responded to this call and are bearing this burden, I have rothlng but praise. But I think it little short of absurd that we should be compelled to call men from their shops, their factories, their offices and their professions for such a purpose. This, however, is not all. The units of the Na tional Guard were at peace strength, which was only about one-half the required strength. It was necessary to bring in recruits, for the most part raw and untrained. Only a small percentage of the regiments re cruited up to war strength will have had even a year's training in the National Guard, which at the maximum means one hun dred hours of military drill, and, on the average, means much less. Men fresh from their peaceful employments and phy sically unprepared have been hurried to the border for actual service. They were without proper equipment; without necessary supplies; suitable conditions of transportation were not provided. Men with dependent families were sent; and conditions which should have been well known were dis covered after the event. And yet the exigency, comparatively speaking, was not a very grave one. It involved nothing that could not readily have been fore seen during the past three years of disturbance, and required only a modest talent for organ ization. That this Administra tion while pursuing its course in Mexico should have permitted such conditions to exist is al most incredible.—From Mr. Hughes' speech of acceptance. WHAT ONE BIG MAN THINK« OF ANOTHER President W. H. P. Faunce, ef Brewn Unlvereity, is a pret ty live wire who keeps abreast ef the times, has keen powers of observation, and knows a good man when hs sees him. Here is what he has to say about the Republican Candidate for the Presidency: "I have known Justice Hughes Intimately since we were stu dents together at Brown and have seen him a thousand times at work and at play. No man of eur generation has a finer com bination of character and intel lect. Absolutely fearless, un selfish, loyal to American ideals, he is worthy of a nation's trust. "All his friends know that be hind the dignity of bearing is a rich fund of humor and good fellowship. Whether he is-climb Ing a mountain, reading novels, playing with his children, re sisting a political lobby or de livering the opinion of the Su preme Court, he is ever the same rugged, democratic, fair minded, American. His varied experience has given him wide horizon and sympathy with ev ery aspect of American life. "He possesses two qualities rarely found together—the judi cial temper and the capacity for swift and resolute action. Un der his administration the fog which now besets many public questions would be cleared away. "His penetrating mind goes to the heart of any subjest he se lects and strips off the Irrele vant at once. Such a mind Is peculiarly needed amid the in tricate problems that now con front America. "We need more than good In tentions. We need clear vision, sound judgment, strong will, un hesitating decision. In short, we need Charles E. Hughes." DUTY OF THE ADMINISTRA TION TO STOP PLOTS AND CONSPIRACIES. We denounce all plots and conspiracies in the interest of any foreign nation. Utterly in tolerable is the use of our soil for alien intrigues. Every Am erican must unreservedly con demn them, and suprort every effort for their suppression. But here, also, prompt, vigorous and adequate measures on the part of the Administration were needed. There should have been no hesitation; no notion that it was wise and politic to delay. Such an abuse of our territory demanded immediate and thorough-going action. As soon as the Administration had notice of plots and conspiracies, it was its duty to stop them. It was not lacking in resources. Its responsibility for their con tinuance cannot be escaped by the condemnation of others.— From Mr. Hughes' speech of acceptance. FAVORS WOMAN SUFFRAGE. Some time ago, a considera tion of our economic conditions and tendencies, of the position of women in gainful occupa tions, of the nature and course of the demand, led me to the conclusion that the granting of suffrage to women is inevit able. Opposition may delay, but in my Judgment cannot defeat this movement. If women are to have the vote, as I believe they are, it seems to me entirely clear that in the Interest of the public life of this country, the contest should be ended prompt ly. I favor the vote for women. —From Mr. Hughes' speech of acceptance. MAINTENANCE OF AMERICAN RIGHTS Had thl* Government by the use of both informal and formal diplomatic opportunities left no doubt that when we said "strict accountability" we meant pre cisely what we said, and that we should unhesitatingly vindi cate that position, I am confi dent that there would have been no destruction of American lives by the sinking of the Lusitania. There, we had ample notice; in fact, published notice. Further more, we knew the situation and we did not require specific notice. Instead of whittling away our formal statements by equivocal conversations, we need ed the straight, direct and de cisive ropresentations which ev ery diplomat and foreign office would understand. I believe that In thia way we should have been spared the repeated as saults on American lives. More over, a firm American policy would have been strongly sup ported by our people and the op portunities for the development of bitter feeling would have been vastly reduced.—From Mr. Hughes' speech sf acceptance. tHINOl TO rORGET. nsajoWSS' WHTCHKXWWT!!» w psouotafAkt 5YSICT ACCOemMW" % UHIVCSSAI Stevie« Ntw Misse pnweied A m ¥ m .LJfi ^ „///MM m •■'.g?..-; SK0 I.» îS&à CK CARTER, In ffew York ivonlng Sum RAILROAD CRISIS IS UP TO CONGRESS Strike Sesms Certain Unless Fed eral Commission Acts. IT REPRESENTS THE PUBLIC. Brotherhood Leaders Reject Proposals, One of Which Provides For Inter state Commerce Commission as Ar bitrator— Also Oppose Arbitration Provided by Law They Helped to Enact. Washington.—Whether the wage con troversy between the railways and their engineers, conductors, firemen and brakemen is to be settled peace ably or by n strike now seems to de pend largely on what action congress will take on the proposal to refer the question to tbe Interstate commerce cohimission. The national conference committee of the railways at the recent confer ence In New York with the trffin serv ice brotherhoods proposed settlement either by submission to the Interstate commerce commission or by arbitra tion under the provisions of tbe New lands law. The brotherhood leaders promptly rejected both proposals, not only ob jecting to the interstate commerce commission as an arbitrator, but ex pressing their determined opposition to the plan of arbitration provided by the law which they had helped to get en acted. To meet the objection that the inter state commerce commission now has no jurisdiction over railway wages the committee representing the railways proposed "that we Jointly request con gress to take such action ns may be necessary to ennble the commission to consider and promptly dispose of the questions Involved." Upon the failure of the companies and the labor organizations to reach an agreement the question was put up to congress In another form. In a resolu tion which was Introduced by Senator Newlands on June 22 providing for an investigation by tbe commission of the whole subject of railway wages and their relation to railway earnings. This resolution was proposed by the chamber of commerce of tbe United States after having been approved by n practically unanimous referendum vote of nearly 1,000 commercial organ izations throughout the country. The £ -V •ÂÎI L~:. r ijm. TRY IT! ÈZÏI 73 % FOOD NON-INTOXICATING Best drink you ever saw to iron the kinks out of an overheated disposition. A regular man's drink— vigorous, wholesome, refreshing, and clean. With a sparkle and zip that makes it totally different from the ordinary "soft" drinks which are merely sweet and wet. Take a case of "Becco" on your outing trip—it will put a lot more pleasure into your vacation. Keep a supply in the refrigerator at home. Order Direct From &ckfr $rrtDtog&llitdtina,(£a. OGDEN, UTAH Newlands resolution differs from tbo proposal of tbe railways. The latter refers only to the questions presented by the demands of the 18 per cent of railway employees engaged In train service and asks the commission to set tle the controversy by a decision. The Newlands resolution is much broader and, without contemplating a final set tlement by the commission, directs it to Investigate and report on "the mini mum, maximum and average wage paid, with hours of service, to each class of railroad employees In the Unit ed States," not merely the "big four" brotherhoods of train employees. Tbe commission would also be directed to report on the hours and wages in oth er industries, tbe relation of wages to railroad revenues, the question of whether railroad revenues based on existing rates for transportation will admit of equally favorable terms to all classes of railway employees and "any other matter In this connection that the commission mny deem relevant." The brotherhoods object strenuously to any idea of a federal tribunal fixing wages and declare that an investiga tion by the commission would only serve to delay matters. The only pro posal they have made is that their de mands be granted in full, with the alternative of n nation wide strike. They insist that the railroads will be more inclined to yield to their de mands when confronted with a strike vote. In their reply to the brotherhoods the railways advanced as their reasons for proposing to refer the question to the interstate commerce commission that It Is "the only tribunal which by rea son of its accumulated Information bearing on railway conditions nnd Its control of the revenue of the railways Is lu a position to consider and pro tect the rights and equities of all the Interests uffected nnd to provide addi tional revenues necessary to meet 'the added cost of operation In case your proposals are found by the commis sion to be Just and reasonable." Whereas a board of arbitration con stituted under the Newlnnds act could pnss only on the questions presented to it in an arbitration agreement sign ed by both pnrties and would In no way represent the Interests of the pub lic In the controversy, the interstate commerce commission would not he so restricted nnd could consider the rela tion of the wages of the train and en gine men to those of the other em ployees, ns well ns the necessary ef fect of an Increase In wages on the rates to be paid by the public. Without the support of public opin ion the railway brotherhoods could not win a strike.— Milwaukee Free Tress. Subscribe for the Optimist. RANCHO WINTERS 'Tis yinter again at the rancho And the snow lies thick and deep, Covering hill and meadow, Guarding the flowers as they sleep, The voice of the river is silenced By the mighty grip of the frost, And the coyote howls in the distance For a friend he late has lost. The catlo bawl from the lowlands To the sound of a creaking sleigh, The watch dog curls in a shivering heap Blocking the footman's way. The mail comes late and later, But there's nothing nice to read, For the friends who write good letters Are slaves to the lives they lead. So it's just the same old humdrum Of work and watch and wait, Searching for signs of springtime, Hoping it won't be late. But after all, it's not so bad For there's quiet and peace and rest, There's time for thought and time for God In our good old, great old WEST. —Agues Just-Reid. GOVERNMENT CROP REPORT Washington, D. Sept. 8, 1910—■ A summary of the September crop re port for the state of Idaho, as compiled by the bureau of crop estimates, and transmitted through the Weather Bur eau), T. S. Department of Agriculture is as follows: Winter Wheat Preliminary estimate s,256,00u bush els: production last year (final csti mate) 11,.110.000 bushels. Spring Wheat September 1 forecast 6,410,000 bush els; production, last year (final esti mate) 7,420,000 bushels. Oats September 1 forecast 14,300,000 bush els; production last vear( final esti mate) 15,745,000 bushels. Barley September 1 forecast 7,400,000 imsti eis; production lust year (final esti mate) 7,736,000 bushels. Potatoes September 1 forecast 4,720,000 bush 1s; production last year (filial esti mate; 3,500,000 bushels. Hay September 1 forecast 1,710,000 tons; production last year (filial estimate) 1.830.000 tons. Apples September 1 forecast 150,000 barrels; production last year (final estimate) 573.000 barrels. Prices The first price given below is the av erage on September first ttiiH year, and the second the average on September 1 last, year. Wheat 113 and 79 cents per bushel. Corn 83 and 70 cents per bushel. Oats 44 and 39 cents per bushel. Potatoes 912 and 66 cents per bushel. Hay $8.60 and $6.9(1 per ton. Eggs 24 and 24 cents per dozen. AN APPRECIATIVE NOMI NEE IS D. W. DAVIS "I am highly pleased over ttie lie suits of the primary election," said Mr. Davis. ''I consider the result an indorsement of the policies I advocate rather than a personal victory. ''I made my campaign on the prop osition to apply methods in use by successful business iiistitutnons to the management of the state affairs, and to this fact contribute the good vote I received in all parts of the state. "I am duly appreciative of . the faithful and efficient work done in my behalf by many friends throughout the state, and realize the important part they had in shaping results. "I feel under obligations to tins many country newspapers for the uni form consideration shown me; not only did they manifest a desire to in form their readers of the issues of the campaign, but showned a fine respect for the spirit of the primary law, with rare exceptions showing they were act uated by high motives and did not ex pect to reap a harvest from candidates for office. Any suspicion that they are not guided by honest convictions docs them a great injustice. ''I am much pleased over the large number of congratulatory telegrams and letters received since the result of the primary became known. These have come from almost every county of the state, and from men and women in all walks of life, it indicates a unit ed -party and a united desire to restore the Republican party to power. ''I shall make the best campaign it is possible for me to make, and expect to visit every county in the state. With a good organization and an earnest ef fort on the part of Republicans I feel that we shall elect the entire ticket from top to bottom."