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WATBR POWER DEVELOPMENT In the fiscal year 1916, says Henry C. Graves, chief of the forest service, in his annual report, 20 new water power projects which utilize national forest land began operation. This was an increase of 18% per cent in the total number. In the fiscal year 1915 the number of new projects which be gan operation was 12. Forty-two per eent of the total developed waterpower of the United States utilize national forest land, tme forest service figures show. Development or' relatively small pro jects is particularly in evidence, accord ing to Mr. Graves, in the Rocky moun tain states. California leads in the amount of power under permits in ef fect was increased by 13 during the year. The 40 applications for power projeet permits reeeived in 1916 in clude 8 from Alaska—a notable evi dence, according to the report, of in creased local interest in power develop ment on national forest lands there. Coneerning the report prepared by the forest service in response to a reso lution of the senate calling upon the secretary of agriculture for informa tion regarding the ownership and eon tool of waterpower sites and many facts bearing on the question as to the ex istance of a monopoly in the owner ship and control of hyoroelectrict pow er in the United States, Mr. Graves says, ' * This report presented in far greater detail than has ever been at tempted before an exhaustive analysis of the general power situation. It showed a marked concentration of defi nite control of a large percentage-of developed water power by a very few companies. Data presented regarding interrelationships through common asso ciation principal officers indicate s marked.tendency toward association or community interests, particularly be tween the principal holding companies. The movement toward concentration in commercial stations of all the prim ary power employed in the electrical industries and in manufactures was found in all sections of the United States, the rate of concentration dur ing the period 1902-1912 being the highest in the south Atlantic states and the extent of concentration great est in the western states. * ' The rate of increase in water power development for public service use from 1902-1912 was approximately three times as great as in steam power. Prim ary power installation from all sources and for all uses increased from 1902 to 1912 more than 2% times as rapid: ly in the eleven western states as in the remainder of the United States, while the increase for primary elec tric, power for the same period was 440 er is They let you know you've been smoking—and yet they're MILD In other words, Chesterfield Cigarettes are MILD—and yet they satisfy. This is something totally new to cigarettes. It goes further than pleasing your taste —satisfy does for your smoking what a juicy slice of not roast t beef does for your appetite. Chesterfields satisfy—they let you know you've been smoking. But they're MILD, too—Chester fields are! If you want this new cigarette delight I [satisfy, yet mild) you've got to get Chesterfields, because no cigarette maker can copy the Chesterfield blend. This blend is an entirely new combina tion of tobaccos and the biggest discov ery in cigarette blending in 20 years. "Give me a package of those cigarettes that SATISFY ** o 0 W. e Ù S m a m m per cent for the western states, as against 220 per eent in the other states., The development per captia of the west ern states in 1912 was 2% times as great as in other parts of the country. ' * The report showed a considerable over-development in nearly all the pow er centers of the western states—Cal ifornia, Oregon,, and Washington in particular showing installations far in excess of maximum demands. ' ' CHRISTMAS AND PEACE. Not without significance is the faet that' the first definite overture for peace should have been made on the approach of the Christmas season. It is safe to say that not a soldier in the blood-stained trenches of Europe and not a statesman in 'the troubled cabinets of the warring nations, has failed during the past two years to feel some longing for freedom from strife during the period usually devoted the honor of "The Prince of Peace.'' Statesmen, diplomats, captains and sol diers are but men. They, too, have stood at the knee of the mother and heard the sweet story of the coming of Babe of Bethleham and the song of the angels around the crib. And as year follow year and the comrades of yesterday fell in the shell-swept trenches, the tugging at the heart strings must have grown continually stronger. All realize that peace must come sometime. Word .comes from all the countries today that the people are tired of strife. And strife must have an end. "The boys'' will not be "out of the trenches" this year by Christ mas, as Henry Ford once predicted that they would be by last Christmas, but they will probably be out by the time another Yuletide rolls around. How much the intangible feeling aroused by the season will have to do with this no man knows; that it will hasten the event is beyond question. To be sure, the statesmen of Ger many are not primarily or consciously moved by sentiment, much less sentimen tality. They realize that their country is now in the condition that France was after the battle of Landen, the reign of Louis XIV, or after the battle of Wagram in the days of Na poleon. To continue the war can mean little in the way of gain. Moreover, they realize that the neutral nations of the world strongly disapprove of the deportation of the Belgians and that it is a good time to divert attention from that issue. But the unconscious working of the Christma^ spirit among the masses of Germany, with its long ing for Yuletide pleasures and the visit of Kris Kringle to the kiddies at home, must certainly be a factor that counts. The terms of peace! These no man can tell. A peace that will satisfy all is impossible. It is safe to say that the Germsn position will not be aceept ed as put forth. Probably Germany knows this. But some definite propo sition must be made in order to permit the discussion of terms. The entente can scarcely refuse to make couuter proposals and eventually peace will come. When it does come it Will not sat isfy anybody entirely. The wounds made by the most terrific struggle in history will not be healed by the with drawel of the weapons with which they have been made. It may not even be the last great war, for human nature has a way of setting aside the best laid of plans. This much must be hoped for, how, ever: that men and women of the so called lowly walks of ilfe in all na tions; the people who have suffered most in this terrible war; will have their rights provided for, at least to the extent that they may work steadily, without resort to the violence sangui nary revolution, toward the atablish ment of a better social and econo mic system where the pinch of pov erty will not blight their lives, and where every Christmas will be merry and every New Year filled with joy.— Twin Falls Times. STRAYED. He was a gay old puneher And labored for forty per, Spending it wisely for chaps and spurs Until he ran across her. And all that he needed was Stetson hata, Boots and a handkerchief bright, A slicker, perhaps, and a sour dough coat Bought when the price was right. But now he lives in a bungalow And keeps up the furnace fire, Buys pianos and full dress suits For her fond friends to admire. His debts are many, his comforts few, Everything's new and strange, He lies awake on his Ostermore And sighs for the cattle range. —AGNES JUST REID. Of course we might dish up a column or two about Mexico. But, on second thought, they are not worth it. How's This? Wo offer One Hundred Dollars Reward for any case of Catarrh that cannot be cured by Hall's Catarrh Medicine. Hall's Catarrh, Medicine has been taken by catarrh sufferers for the past thirty five years, and has become known as the most reliable remedy for Catarrh. Hall's Catarrh Medicine acts thru the Blood on the Mucous surfaces, expelling the Poi son from the Blood and healing the dis eased portions. After you have taken Hall's Catarrh Medicine for a short time you will see a great Improvement In your general health. Start taking Hall's Catarrh Mu cine at once and get rid of catarrh. Send for testimonials, free. F. J. CHENET A CO., Toledo, Ohio. 8old by all Druggists, 71 \ UNRIGHTEOUS WAR. Unjust war is evil incarnate. It is the child of the savagary of man. It was cradled in the den of the eave man. It is at home in hell, and brings hell to earth. Distrust and jealousy and the lie are its ambassadors. It coerces invention and science to become its bondmen. It snatches the lightning to hurl its thunderbolts. It robs earth of gold and grain, of iron and oil, to pay its hirelings, or feed its dupes or arm its victims. It prostitutes, the rarest gifts of nature to its service, the no blest instincts and finest faculties of civilized men. It suborns statecraft, hypocricv and despotism to wear the mask of patriotism. It sits at the right hand of tyrants, and is the para mour of all who strike down the rights of humanity. Death and destruction attend war. Famine and pestilence are its twin eon and daughter. Torch and sword are its instruments of doom. It wrecks the home, ravishes the virgin and dashes the smiling babe against the wali. It enslaves innocent peoples. It spits upon the cross of Christ, shat ters the shrine of prayer, and slays the helpless gathered upder the shel ters of the Red Cross. In a year it waste the wealth which the wit and thrift of tireless toil have taken cen turies to create. It writes its record of black in the red wreckage of civ ilization. It drinks the life blood of nations, and crucifies humanity upon the iron cross. Progress, aspiration and alturism cry out to unjustifiable war: "We who are about to die salute thee!" Flaming cities and shell-sown fields are war's harvest, rotting corpses and age-enduring hatreds the seeds of the future which it sows. Unrighteous war is the anarch of the ages, the Moloch which devoures humanity, the negation of God, It is hell's gif! to the abysmal brute man. A warless world is the desire and hope of civilization. AEKBD TO GUXT. J. T. Humphries, superintendent of the Idaho Industrial Training school at St. Anthony, has been asked by the state board of education to resign his position, it developed Saturday. No cause is assigned. At different times in the past there have been rumors that Superintendent Humphries' resignation would be asked for, but no formal action ever resulted. Complaints by inmates of the institution to parents have years gone by led to investigations by the legislature, but he always has been exonerated. The price of skirts is still up. So are the skirts. "The low cost of living, good it would sound. Gosh, how It's only a poor sport that crows af ter he has won. Just a few more days now and we'll be busy cussing the Christinas bills. Let the "Giant' AssumeResponsibil ity 1 The*^XlÔ>" Starting 6 Lighting Battery la the famous "Giant that lives In a box." It's the original Unit-seal Battery, the extra powerful bat tery, the battery that is easy to care for and repair. We are battery specialists. We trill inspect your battery at any time, free of charge—regardlees of Its make. Every automobile battery should be carefully teeted before the winter season. The service required from a battery in the winter is much more severe than in summer. If your car will be stated during the winter, send your battery to us end let us cere for it. Our small charge for this service may save you the cost of a new battery in the spring. EDWIN TAYLOR Distributor Blsekfoot Idaho PUNISHMENT, NOT REFORMATION Edward E. Dudding of Huntington, W. Vs., himself an ex-convict, claims to have secured employment, for three thousand ex-convicts. He also claims that of that number, least thau one hundred hnve "fallen down" on their job. Mr. Dudding has gotten hold of the right wire in twentieth century reform. Strange and otherwise kind hearted and humane people will persist in 'punishing" the criminal, even after he has paid the uttermost farthing; of his penalty. Why cannot we all see that the logi cal end of law is not to punish but to reform the evil-doer f Pause a moment and consider that word "punish." Doesn't it smack too much vengeance! And who ever heard of vengeance reforming a transgres sor! Perhaps when the vengeance has so completely broken the poor wretch that he has lost the power of resent ment we may consider him reformed, but God save us from such reforma tion. As men of enlightenment and mercy, we should look on tec law machinery of the land merely as the means by which we may reform or re-make the human character which untoward cir cumstances have warped and twisted out of its origiual symmetry. The very idea of punishment is repugn nt to the soul of the merciful man, and should hiive no place in our scheme of life. We insist that the idea of punish ment as applied to the evil-doer is unworthy of the enlightenment citizen ship of this great country. Reform the evil-doer, re-muke the warped and twisted character; restrain, if necessary, the incurably vicious, but punish—never. GRAZING FEES. The returns from grazing will rise as more stock use the forests in con sequence of range improvement and the development of new ranges. There is now in contemplation an incresasc in the grazing fee which would result in marked further addition to the re ceipts fund. When regulation of graz ing on national forests began a low scale of charges was adopted. This was necessary at the outset, both to pre vent undue disturbance to tbe livestock industry, which has been accustomed to using the range free of charge, and to facilitate the working out of a system of control which would secure the best use of the range and restoration of its productiveness. During the past 10 years of grazing regulation the value of the range to the stockmen has ina terially increased. Improved methods of managing both the range and the stock have been introduced. Losses are fewer, production is greater and the produet is of higher quality. At. the same time the outside public range lias been greatly reduced, while the demand lias grown. Although there have been some re adjustments of grazing charges, there has been no general advance in the rates. Present users of the national forest ranges are paying much less than the prevailing local rates on private, state and Indian lands. This may be illustrated by some typical examples. In Montana lands of the Northern Pa cifie railroad leased for sheep grazing bring the equivlant of 25 cents per head, as against a charge of 5 cents on the adjoining national forest lands. On the Crow Indian reservation, in the same state, competitive bids realized Ml cents for sheep, while cattle graz ers bid 03; on adjoining national for ests the sheep rate is 13% cents and the cattle rato is 54 cents. On the White Mountain and San Carlos In dian reservations, in Arizona, cattle pay $2.40, horses $3, and sheep 50 cents; on adjoining national forest lands, quite as good, cattle pay 48 cents, horses 60 cents and sheep 12 cents. In Cali fornia the Southern Pacific railroad obtains 5 cents per acre for land leased for sheep grazing, while similar and at to 18 a adjoining national forest lands yield 4-5 cents per acre. The present demand for grazing priv ileges on a majority of the forests far exceed the carrying capacity, and the demand is on the increase. Under these conditions the stockmen using the national forest ranges are enjoying special advantages over those who must pay for range on a competitive basia or do without. The value of ranges and stock is markedly increased, as ia well recognized in current commercial transactions, by virtue of preferonee privileges to use of the national ranges. It is an established principle of national forest administration that the man who is accorded a privilege of exclusive usa of land or material for commercial prof it shall pay the public in proportion to the value of what he receives. This is just, both from the standpoint of the public as owners of the forest» and from the standpoint of other indi viduals over whom otherwise the hold er of the privilege would be unduly favored. It has become plain that in crease of the benefits derived by stock men from national forest administra tion without a commensurate increase in the charge for the grazing privilege has created a situation which calls for readjustment. The proposal under con sideration involves a moderate annual advance for three years. Before final action is taken an opportunity will be given for all parties interested to be heard. If the plan is made effective it will lie put iu operation on March 1, 1917, and should eventually bring the grnzing receipts to more than 02,000, (IU0 a year. CIVIL SERVICE EXAMINATION. The IT. 8. civil service commission announces that a male clerk-carrier post office examination will be held at Pocatello, Idaho, January 13, 1917, to establish an eligible register from which selection may be made to fill vacancies ns they may occur in the position of clerk or carrier in the Po catello, Idaho, |K>st office. Age limits 18 to 45 years. Men only will be ad mitted to the examination. Application blanks and pamphlet of information for applicants may be se cured from the local secretary, board of civil service examiners, post office, Pocatello, Idaho, or to the secretary, 11th civil service district, 303 Post Of fice Bldg., Beattie, Washington. If the people of this eommunity real ized our absorbing love for them they would each bring us a subscription and a turkey as a Christmas token of their esteem. Marriage license clerks are about tho only human and philantrophic people left. They have not raised their fees. Pacific Coast Excursions Vi a OREGON SHORT LINE (Union Pacific System) Special Low Round Trip Fares to Spokane Portland Tacoma Seattle San Francisco Los Angeles, San Diego and other points with privilege of diverse routes Tickets on sale November 25; 28 December 20, 23 and 29 Limit, Nov. sales, Jan. 31 Dec. sales, Feb. 28. See Agents for further details.