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If people do not acquire knowledge ef many kinds, and most of it useful, it is not for the want of facilities. An increasing number of towns have free libraries and reading rooms open to all and as in these days of automobiles no rural home is far from town, the benefits of these libraries are within the reach of everyone. Then,too, in the summer time ehautauquas are numerous for no town that thinks anything 'of itself will let the season go by without having one for a week or more. These institutions many not always furnish the highest grade of instruction and amusement, but it must be a very poor one indeed if it is not possible to get from it some wholesome information, amusement and recreation. In fact a good ehautauqua is a ver itable blessing in numerous ways. It breaks the monotony of rural life in that it creates interest, stimulates en quiry, promotes sociability and in creases knowledge. To be eure, a ehautauqua does not last long enough for the instruction to be very deep. But that is no drawback for farmers and people generally who are seeking a little respite from the toils of life are not aeeking for anything profound. Bather do they need and look for a sane combination of entertainment and instruction that shall make a pleasant break in their life and give them a broader outlook on human.at faire. While, as a rule, a ehautauqua is not a money making proposition to those instrumental in securing it, it is Something better, for it enables them to do something that is of real Intel »actual ««9 «scent benefit to -the com munity, with « largo slice of whole-; some entertainment added. BALAXOB LEFT IN ASYLUM FUND Approximately $35,000 of the tax payers' money has been saved by the board of directors of the Blackfoot in sane asylum, the biennial report of that institution filed with the gover nor shows. The present board of di rectors will be able to turn that amount back to the state treasury .It will also have the satisfaction of cleaning up $17,000 worth of deficien cies inherited from former administra tions. The board is composed of George H. Fisher of Bancroft, L. E. Dillingham of Mackoy and S. L. Reece of Blackfoot The board recommends an appro priation of $35,000 be made by the next legislature for the purpose of building a superintendent's adminis tration building and residence and for remodeling the old quarters suitable ,, Quick rCold Relief la usually found through the prompt administration of a mildly laxative, dispersive tonic—one that will scat ter the Inflammation, remove the waste, and help Nature to build up resistance. Perns* it Thtt Tonic. Its action Is prompt, usually very effective, and its use is without harm ful effects. Every household should keep It at hand for this purpose, and every catarrhal sufferer should reg ularly use this reliable remedy. The tablet-form will be found very convenient. A tablet or two-at the very beginning of a cold Will fre quently prevent Its development, and these tablets may be taken reg ularly with beneficial results. JSsasSL \m which for nmrly /} 'jll half a century has been the reliance of the American Home. Both are good. Your druggist can aupply you. The SL., PERUNA CO- YZ&Q: Columbus« Ohio Ji « ✓ \ s x A pleasure you can take right into the home. The free and unlimited use ofBECCO. A pure, wholesome, re freshing, sparkling, non-in toxicating beverage. Keep a case of BECCO on hand always—the flavor delights. Order trom Becker Brewing & Malting Co. OGDEN. UTAH for wards. The board holde it would be criminal to avcid this responsibil ity. An appropriation of $80,000 for the maintenance of the asylum is tee ommended. The report of D'Orr Poynter, medi cal superintendent of thel asylum* shows that at the beginning of the year, July 1, 1914, there were 285 pa tients in the asylum of whom 187 were males and 108 were females. During the year 144 patients were ad mitted, 101 males and 43 females. A total of 70 patients were discharged. The institution is in a congested con dition because of lack of room. Deficiency Warrantai Speaking of deficiency warrants and the saving the institution made the board of directore says in its report: * 1 We believe that deficiency warrants have been the rule throughout many iepartments of state government, not- withstanding the fact that we hqve a law prohibiting thic condition. W« had to pay from cur appropriation in the ntighborhood of $17,000 worth of claims that were contracted by a pre- -ding directorship, which pi ives the law easily gotten around, and which also emphasises the fact that defi ciencies are the rule. "Therefore to adminster affairs and keep within the appropriation is the exception, but under the skillful man agement of the medisal superintendent, with a high degree of 'efficiency main tained throughout the institution, and far better results obtained, we have the record of not only keeping with in our appropriation, and paying the $17,000 indebtedness of the former ad ministration, but we will have some thing in the neighborhood of $35,000 of the taxpayers' money to turn ,, hash to -the 'state treasury st the close of our term. This, we believe to be a heretofore unheard of condition in the financial affairs of any of the state institutions of Idaho, It has taken constant and strict attention to detail to accomplish this, proving conclu sively that the medical superintendent is peculiarly fitted with a combina tion of talents for the position he so fully occupies." SHELLEY SOON TO BB SUBURBAN Work on the million dollgr sugar fac tory at Shelley by the Utah-Idaho Su gar company is well under way, and the $100,000 annual pay-roll and aeven-dol lar bettes for the farmers is bound to soon transform the village of Shelley into a thriving, populous little city in the not far distant future. Shelley is now «the second eity in Bingham county, and its assured growth and prosperity cannot help but be a very material benefit to Blackfoot, and when the interurban is in action it will be a very valuable suburb, and the distance there, which is less than 18 miles, will soon be built up with resi dences and small farms and gardens, after the interurban is in operation, which, from present indications, will not be later than the year 1918. We venture the prognostication that with in five years after the two cities are connected by hourly railway communi cation the present gap between them will have entirely disappeared as have similar vacant lands between Seattle and Bellingham; Seattle and Taeoma; Aberdeen and Hoquiam, and any other uninhabited territory that has ever been invaded by the accommodating inter urban railway communication, positi vely the most successful of town build ing influence ever known. There are some well moaning people, even on this side of the water, who question the fitness of observing Christmas while war and all the evils connected with war are so prevalent throughout the world. But it is dif ficult to see how the non-observance of the day would help the people who are suffering. In fact, it is generally admitted that the folks who observe the day in a sane and appropriate manner are the folks who are the most charitable and who do the most to advance the cause of peace and good Yes, we are strictly a law-abiding citizen. We believe in a rigid enforce ment of the law against every per son—except ourself. FBBPABBDNNW WITH A PU NCH. Much has been said and written dur ing the past two years as to national preparedness. From present indica tions it would appear to be the policy of the country to bring defensive pre paredness to the point where we will feel secure should the unforseen occur. This policy is resulting in the build ing of larger and more modern battle ships, more efficient coast defenses, the strengthening of the army and such like precautions. This is good as a present precaution ary policy, but something more than these measures are needed if we are to be a thoroughly prepared nation. As to the advisability of reasonable preparedness, there seems to be little -doubt that it is needed, at least for some time to eome. Europe is war med. Mexico it a hotbed of insurrec tion. Unrest and n lust for blood pre vails throughout the globe, and at any time we mny be forced into a war not of our seeking. Henee if we are compelled to fight, we should by all means be prepared to fight. And this brings us to the question of soldiers. Without them, of what avail ia armament? When the call for mob ilization of all state troops eame from Washington, how many responded! How long would such n pitifully small army last in such n conflict as now rages in Europe! The truth ia, we need to educate more soldiers. Not more professional soldiers, but more emergency soldiers. We need to teach our boys and young men not only patriotism, but effective patriotism, for patriotism minus effi ciency is n mighty weak article. It must be basked up with a punch. Why not, then, along with « love of country, teach our young men to defend the country they are taught to lovet The simple truth is, every school in the land should be a miniature mili tary camp. Young men should be taught military tactics and trained in the manual of arms as thoroughly as they are drilled in the arts, sciences and classics. No able-bodied young man should be permitted to graduate from a high school, college or univer sity until he is capable of stepping into the ranks as an efficient soldier. Not as a matter of arousing a military spirit, but as a matter of practical defensive patriotism. Your neighbor may loudly proclaim hie love for his family, but if he is unable or unwilling to protect them when danger threatens you are forced to conclude that his love is a very weak article. Just so with a love of country. It must have a "punch" behind it. The only way to put the punch into the man is to train it there in the boy, and the logical time îb right along with his other training. INTERESTING LEGEND OF MUCH DESPISED DANDELION A delver into ancient lore has re cently discovered the following legend relative to the ubiquitous dandelion, that gay but despised little weed that so infecta Idaho cities. It is a tale that ia known in the mountainy parta of Donegal and in the Scotch high lands. According to this story, when Christ was hanging on the cross and fthe ninth hour having eome when darkness overshadowed the earth and the vail of the temple was rent, the soldiers, being overcome with fear, dared not approach closer, and, being ordered to pierce His side, sent a blind man to fulfill the command. The blind man, standing beside the foot of the cross, his face was touched by the stream of blood and water which issued from the wound, and im mediately his eyes were opened and he saw what he had done. Filled with sorrow and inspired by heaven, ho called Mary, the mother of Christ, and Mary, the sinner, and ( John, whom the Master had loved, and bade them gather the leaves of the plant and of the dandelion, and ' Ml a CERTAIN.TEED «ht* surfaced asphalt shingles are made from the best quality roofing felt* thoroughly sat in ted with the General i own blend ef soft asphalts and then coated with a harder blend into which is pressed a heavy coat ing of pwsM trutktd ilatt in natural colon ef green or red. With hit new big factory at Richmond, Cal. the Gencnl is now able to serve the Pacific Coast efficiently and promptly. Ask your nearest dealer for further information and prices; MMtf on CERTAIN-TEED. CommI Reefing Mfg. Cm •asasaB a a a s.** Mew York CUy Obleeco rblleM ehta M. 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UOr mpptaramct building where shingles are used, world's largest manufacturer of i They are WE HANDLE AND RECOMMEND Certain-teed Roofing and Other Certainteed Products They Last Longer and Are Guaranteed by a Responsible Concern NEIL F. BOYLE A CO., Bridge Street Phone 76 from them to make an ointment which, being applied to the body of Christ, brought him baek to life, and from that hour to this the leaves ,of these two plants have great virtue for the healing of all ills—a quoin ver sion of the resurrection which is not known in other parts of the world. The same people hold that all herbs must be gathered on a Sunday if they are to have full power for good, and that the dandelion in any shape or form, as greens, salad or wine, will strengthen and gladden the heart. An interesting story is told of how the dandelion was first introduced in Boise. A former territorial officer, a great lover of flowers and plants, grew exceedingly homesick for the cheerful little yellow flower which grew in such abundance about his far eastern home. He sent back to his native place and ordered some of the plants sent to him at Boise, and the present generation has lived to eall him—not exactly blessed. INDIAN POPULATION GROWS. Washington, December 8.—The Amer ican Indian, under improved health conditions, is increasing in numbers, according to the annual report today of Commissioner Sells of the Indian bureau. There were 209,224 Indians when the report was written, an increase of 1522 over a year ago. Health and educa tional campaigns, the report says, re duced the general death rate this year from 35.55 in 100 to 23.33, and cut down the number of infant deaths from 2391 two years ago to 1303 this year, i For Father and? Son 360 PICTURES 360 ARTICLES EACH MONTH OH ALL NEWS STANDS : ■ : - • —— ? XS Cents POPULAR MECHANICS .MAGAZINE WRITTEN $0 YOU CAN UNDERSTAND IT All the Great Events in Mechanics. Engineering and Invention throughout the World, are described in an interest ing manner, as they occur. 3,000.000 readers each month. **-«e Heist -0 P*«es each lieue tollaeaay r * andbetterweyetoflothingvin the ehop, mad how to meke repain at home. Amateur Mechanic« SPESÄÖSJ sport* find pi Ay. Largely constructive ; tell* howto build boat*, motorcycles.wireless, etc m SAU BY SS.D00 NEWS DEALERS Ask your dealer to show you i copy; if not convenient to news stand. Bond SI.SO for • yeor'a subscription, or fifteen cents for current issue to the publisher*. Catalogue of Mechanical Books froe.on request. POPULAR MECHANICS MAGAZINE • North Michigan Avenus, Chicago Papular Mechanics offers no premiums: does not Join in **clubbing offers,'* and employs no solicitors to secure subscriptions POPULAR MECHANICS MAGAZINE 6 N. Michigan Avenue Dept. J. M. Chicago, EL 12-28-4t DETERMINED TO DIB. Ogden, Dec. 14.—Seemingly intent upon completing an uneeceessfull at tempt to end his life by cutting his throat, Charles Carlberg of Areo, Idaho, kept Sheriff T. A. DeVine's deputies busy today preventing the man from do ing himself further injury. Carlberg who was removed to a padded eell, in sists that he wants to die. Carlberg is said by the county officers to be sane, but is suffering from extreme despondency.—Salt Lake Tribune. If Villa goeB on capturing towns at his present rate they will soon stop calling him a bandit and instead he will be styled a great general and a con summate statesman. There is nothing like success to change the estimate put upon a public man, whether in this country or in Mexico. It is possible, perhaps, to have a too tender conscience in business, but the generality of men are not troubled that way, and there is a pretty gen eral agreement that trusts are not. They say a fool and hia money soon part company. For heaven's sake send us a fool. Kicking the cat is a whole lot more fun than kicking a fellow who is big ger than you are. If the newspapers of the country boosted their prices in proportion to the advance in other lines, wouldn't there be one mighty big howl of protest! Subscribe for The Optimist. The difference in the appearance of cattle that have wintered and summered it without shelter and those that have had the protection of a cattle shed, is very apparent. More and more the Idaho stock-raisers are appre ciating this, and are building cattle sheds , thus bettering the condition of their stock and saving.losses. Cattle sheds made with our 1x12 common lumber are good -nough—you neeo no more expensive materi d. GEM STATE LUMBER CO. c ■ -- *-T7777 i- Rffl T77Z ~ A. BARRETTE, MANAGER BLACKFOJT, IDAHO THE CHRISTMAS PARCEL. The firelight flickers in the cheerful room. Outside, the twilight and November gloom; Within, one senses Christmas in the air— Parcels and wrappings litter every chair, And on the table stands a sturdy box. "Give him the scarf and gloves, and now the socks; And don't forget the candies and the cake. ' ' Love shows in shining eyes, though hearts may ache. The candle gutters, as the east wind moans And shrieks between the sandbags and the stones Forming his dugout, somewhere "up the line." He does not worry, he is feeling fine; The Christmas parcel has arrived a$ . last— * Gloves, scarf and socks protect him from the blast, And how he revel* in the home-made fare I Thus love bears Christmas to the boy out there.—Nor ah Bheppard in To ronto Mail and Empire. Make it a war on the high cost of liv ing and you have our unqualified ap proval. Some are crowing and others aro eat ing crow, but it will all come out in the wash just the same. We repeat, one can't be certain of anything these days, except that cred itors keep right on yelping for their money.