Newspaper Page Text
MO-AGBB HOMESTEAD. Idaho ia one of the western states that will be greatly affected by the 840-acre homestead act, which has been passed by the present congress and is now before the president for his signature. The measure will- probably be signed the latter part of this week. Many people in Idaho are anxiously awaiting the time when the terms of the new law go into effect, for they are prepared to file on tracts of land. Included in this list are many who de sire to go into the sheep and cattle business, for the large area of land allowed under an entry will make the lands valuable for grazing purposes. There seems to be a difference of opinion here among those who have watched the progress of the bill and are more or less famaliar with its terms as to whether residence on the land is required. To make an entry only the payment of a fee is necessary. Some say that contiuous residence for three years is necessary. Others as sert that residence only at intervals is required. Much of the land that can be filed upon is more or less isolated from present settlement. It has for many years been used by sheep and stockmen as public range, is without water and will therefore be difficult to live upon. Increase State's Revenue. The intent of the law is said to be to provide grazing lands and thereby segregate the publie domain. Some *f the lands man be cultivated. They will be classified, however, and only those lands classed as grazing and not suitable for cultivation will be thrown •pen to entry. It is also claimed that as toon as patent is issued to the land ^jreà under this net that it will then legome subject to taxation and the revenue of the state will thereupon be #*atly increased. Officials of the several land offices in this state expect to receive full in structions later as to the constructions For Fat her und .Son 360 PICTURES 360 ARTICLES EACH MONTH A LL WKW» S TAND» 15 Canto POPULAR MECHANICS MAGAZINE WMTTEN $0 YOU CM UNDERSTAND IT All the Great Events in Mechanice. Ensmeenns and Invention throushout the world, are described in an interest ins manner, ae they occur. 3.000.000 reader» each month. Mus HitSl 20 bum each lene tell* «nr "7 . end better way* to do thi ne* I n the ahep. and how to ask* »pain at ho». AmitSOr Msahanlss 18 »M«»Bforl«lB»l ... _----—- iB^oTanfl outdoor morta and pl»r. Lareelrcoiutnirti»; tell* how to build boats notorerclaa.wirelaaa. ate PM SALK ST li,WHWI suints ha» wa r Inin I» n*w y— « —*y; a u n > w fcli»t t* am Maud, aaad at.fta far a r*»r'* —UinihM . W an~* Mato far auw«*H«*ua ** Un paUluhin. Cai*l—ua af ttaalwlaal Bm I h fiaaau w a a* n . POPULAR MECHANICS MAGAZINE Empmlmr MtkmmUt mffmrt up pro m l mmu Emm mmi Ms im "*/*MI*f s/bra. * ' mmit m mptmw* mm mtieitmn (• ««car* ntwrbOM« POPULAR MECHANICS MAGAZINE 6 N. Michigan Avenu* Dept. J. M. • Chicago, IU. 12-2S-4t For Winter Colds You need • real tonic. Strength ia required to overcome the trouble. Let that tonic be one that ia specially valuable in catarrhal conditions, and yon can conquer the cold. A cold ia acute catarrh; it may become chronic. Chronic catarrh fre quently becomes systemic, involving the stomach and the intes tinal tract as well as the nose or throat. It means stagnation. PERUNA IS INVIGORATION It clears away the waste matter, dispels the inflammation and tones up the system. For forty-five years it has been used in catarrh by thousands of grateful sufferers, who willingly tell the world of their relief. Peruna's long history of helpful ness is the best evidence that it is what you should take. Liquid or tablet form for your con venience. Manalin is the ideal laxative and liver tonic. In tablet form it is deli cious to take, mild and effective, with out unpleasant effects, and will not font» a habit. Liquid. 35c and $1.00 ; tablets, lue and 25c. THE PERUNA CO.,Cohimbu«,0. ■#1« i/.rnàa muw.aucaiciMs. DlStAilS »M 4 UM» Directions — ----------- One of the |oys of servtng BECCO —to hear your guests say how good ft fs. BECCO ts nutritive—absolutely pure through pasteurization and sterilization—non-lntoxlcat Ing, wholesome and thorough ly refreshing. Let your family and your guests foin you in the] pleasure of drinking BECCO. Order tram Becker Brewing & Malting Co. OG0EN. UTAH ■ ■ : - v .. to be placed on the new act, how it will operate and what percentage of the lands in Idaho can be entered un der it as well as their location. VOTE TO KEEP PRIMARY LAW. following a spirited discussion on a resolution urging the legislature to re peal the present primary law and to enact a new law patterned after the old convention system, the county commissioners' association at its ses sion Wednesday morning, by a vote of 20 to 12, rejected the resolution. It was introduced by A. W. Hart, prose cuting attorney of Franklin county, and read: * ' Resolved, that we urge the legisla ture to repeal the present election election law and to enact a new law, patterned after the old convention system, making such changes and ad ditions therein as may be necessary to safeguard good government, and at the same time avoiding the expenses of the prsent primiary." How the Vote Went. Six of the 12 votes cast iu favor Of the resolution were by commissioners who will retire with the incoming of the new adminisrtation. The follow ing voted yes: Coffin, Ada; Prichard, Bonner, Daine, clerk, Franklin; Get tis, Mechara, Hatch and Parkinson, Franklin; Woody, Latah; JoneJ^ Onei da; Edlefsen and Jones, Teton; Moore, Twin Falla. The following voted no: Smith, Carlson and Boone, Ada; Richardson, Adams; Bonner, Blaine; Hagman, Bonner; Clark, Bonneville; Ross, Can yon; Larsen, Cassia; Critchfield, Cas sia; Hammond, Fremont; Knox and Wilson, Gem; Miller, Thoma and Gooding; Esgate, Kootenai; 'Albce, Twin Falla. Hew Resolution Tabled. At the afternoon session the fight •n the primary law wae renewed by a resolution introdueed by E. B. Edlef sen of Teton county, providing that it be the sense of the meeting that the present primary law be so changed as to eliminate the features that have proven objectionable, including the hold ing of two elections. An amendment was offered to the resolution which left it as originally introduced but by* leaving off the words "including the holding of two elections.'' At this point Edward Smith, Ada county, prefaced a mo tion made to table the whole matter by Baying he believod it was outside the jurisdiction of the organization. The motion to table carried by a vote of 13 to 11. W. H. Hochbaum, supervisor of county agents, spoke before the com missioners in the morning on the work of the county agents.—States man. NERVOUS WOMEN When nervousness is caused by con stipation, as is often the case, you will get quick relief by • taking Chamber lain 's Tablets. These tablets also im prove the digestion. Obtainable ev erywhere. The diet squad in Chicago gained in weight on the menu they have had. Now it is up to Doctor Robinson to arrange a diet that will reduce the weight of the over-fat. The amunition makers energetically ami vociferously protest. Worry life. Someone said that "care will kill a cat,'' and however this may be there is no doubt that thousands of hu man beings have either lost or shortened their lives through this cause. It is noticed that the federal pub lic health service has just issued a bulletin intended to show that human beings have not as much sense in this regard as the other members of the animal kingdom. To prove its case the health de partment asserts: "So far as is known no bird ever tried to build more nests than its neighbor; no fox ever fretted because he only had one hold in which to hide; no squirrel ever died of anxiety lest he should not lay by enough nuts for two winters instead of one, and no dog ever lost any sleep over the fact that he did not have enough bones laid aside for his declining years. ' ' In other words, it is intended to convey the impression that the animals mentioned are much wiser in some things than we are, and probably this is true. There is one item contained in the foregoing quotation which might raise a controversy, for naturaliste have dis puted as to whether a dog ever digs a bone up qgain after he has buried it. One theory being that he hides his food after he has eaten all he can contain', not with the view of future necessity, but from pure selfishness and a desire that no other dog shall come along and enjoy it, which ia a modern illustration of the truth of Aesoph's fable regarding the dog in the manger. Man is one of the animals that is provident and looks to his future wanta, but, as suggested by the public health service, if one worries too mueh in the present about his future necessities it is quite likely he will not live long enough to enjoy thnt which he has laid up for eoming use. There is no doubt that worrying can become a habit, and a very bad one at that. IDAHO A BIG STATE. To those of us who remember Idaho in our school geographies as a small pink block, shaped like an easy chair facing east, it may be of interest that this state, which in 1890 added the 45th star to the constellation of the flag, is nearly as large as Pennsylvania and Ohio combined and larger than the six New England states with Mary land included for good measure. It is divided into 33 couuties, the smallest of which is as large as the state of Rhode Island and the largest greater than the combined area of Massachu setts and Deleware. Idaho eovers an area of 83,888 square miles, divided principally between the Rocky mountains region and the Colum bia plateau, only a small part lying in the Great basin. In elevation above sea level the state ranges from 735 feet, at Lewiston, to 12,078 feet, at the sum mit of Hyndman peak. It is drained mainly to the Columbia through the Snake river and its tributaries and has an annual rainfall of about 17 inches, the range in a single year at different places being from 6 to 38 inches. The industries of the state are chiefly agri culture, stock raising and mining. Hay, wheat, oats and potatoes are the prin cipal crops. A large area is cultivated by irrigation. The mineral production includes gold, silver, copper, lead and zinc. The exchange of courtesies between President Wilson and the mikado of Japan when wireless service was in stalled between the two countries .in the middle of November was timely and felicitous. It is to be hoped that the wish, mutually expressed that unbroken frendship and peace be tween the two powers may continue unbroken may be realized. There is no disguising the fact that in this country many have an uneasy feeling that Japan is simply bidding her time to make trouble. Let us hope they are mistaken. Will some friend kindly loan us an airship? We want to explore the clouds and see if we can locate the stopping place of the cost of living. NEW POLICY NEEDED IN GOVERNMENT RAILWAY CONTROL HsIpfolRESs iRd Encoarasemi lirttd by Mind P. Thom. CREDIT MUST BE IMPROVED Transportation Faellitlei com Inoreae* of Necessary to Secure Relief F High Cost of Living May Thu* Provided For by the Railroads. Washington, Nov. 28.—A new policy of government railroad regulation, based on constructive principles of helpfulness and encouragement inslead of upon principles of repression and punishment, was urged by Alfred P. Thom, counsel for the Railway Execu tives' Advisory Committee, the ftrsi wltaes* on behalf of the rallroada be fore the Newlands Joint Committee on Interstate Commerce, which has tuted a general Inquiry Into the prob lems of railroad regulation. "it la proposed by the Joint resolu tion of CongreeCf said Mr. Thom, "to to Into a comprehensive study of the whole . subject of transportation, to Hake a new assessment, after 28 yi of experiment, of ite history. Its ant condition* end Its future i The railroads accept the view that nlatton le a permanent and endui pert of government In America thnt the diet duty of the carriers public. That doty la to ■oaable facilities on reasonable **** *** n>to«nabJ# robe*, and prig nnet be done before «uy Private ' oats can be considered.*' Certainty, Safety and 8ufRei*ne: Mr. Thom contended that the real In taroot of the public la In being assured of certainty, safety and sufficiency of transportation faculties, rather than In rataa. The first consideration of [the public la to obtain transportation facili ties. What the cost la, ia In reality a second consideration, he said. Mr. Thom proposed an lncreaa. transportation facilities as a met of securing relief from the high cos living. "There have been less than 1,000 miles of new railroad constructed In the United 8tates during the past year,'' he said, "less than in any year 1848, except the period of the Civil War, and yet the cost of living is dally advancing owing to a shortage of sup plies which might be remedied by se curing access to new areas of prod tion. Credit Must Be Improved. "This leads to the consideration aa to whether ipllroad credit Is as good at the public Interest requires. It is im possible for railroads to earn enough to supply the necessary new facilities from current revenue. They must be provided from credit. Investors can not be coerced, but must be attracted." Among the conditions affecting fall road credit which deter Investor* he mentioned the following: "First, Railroad revenues are not controlled by Investors, but are fixed and limited by governmental authority and not by one but by several govern mental authorities, which do not recog nise responsibility for assured results to Investors and are uncoordinated« "Second, Rallroada cannot control and the government cannot and doe* not limit the expense account. "Third, The present system of regu lation la based on a policy of regulation and correction end not on a policy of helpfulness and encouragement. "Fourth, The outstanding obligations of the railroads have a .'ready exceeded the financial rule of safety and involve a disproportionate amount of obliga tions bearlng'fixed chargee. "Fifth, The Investor must accept a subordinate obligation or security with no assurance of a surplus of earqings to support It. "Sixth, Other competitive lines of In vestment present superior attractions. "Seventh, The railroad business is largely controlled by political instead of business considerations. Look Forward, Not Back. "We may debate about what has caused the present conditions," said Mr. Thom, "but we cannot debate about what the people need. The President has taken the view that we must look forward in this matter and 'make a fresh assessment of circumstances' in order to deal helpfully and intelligent ly with the problem. Abuses! are no more prevalent in the railroad busi ness today than in any other business humanely conducted. The great ques tion now is whether the existing sys tem of regulation gives the public re liable assurance of sufficient present and future railroad facilities. "Those who opiiose any change must make their appeal on the ground that the present systems assure the phbllc of the continued adequacy of trans portation facilities. If they do not, no argument based on the desirability of the present dual system of regulation will lte accepted by public judgment. The question of 'states' rights' Is not involved. If the regulation of transpor tation facilities privately owued should fall government ownership must fol low, and then all power of the states over the railroads would disappear. "Let us debate this question, then, uot upon any mere theory or jealousy as to the distribution of govenunputal power, but upon the large Issue of what the public interest requires 'ii: respect of the assurance of adequate transportation service." So Easy to Criticise. It is easy to criticise one's neigh bor who has made a failure in busi ness, says an exchange, and ( so hard to give credit for the effect of the influences impelling him to disaster, over which he has no control, that our critism of others is often very uncharit able. Men often say how good they would have been, or what they would have accomplished had they been in the other man's place. They do not stop to ask why the fel low that was in the other shoes did not succeed. If they did they would often find the man who failed was entitled to credit for standing up so bravely under forces and burdens that might easily have overthrown his accusers. Sometimes the man who fails is greater hero than another who wins. If you can't find anything good to say about your neighbor, then for good ness sake keep quiet.—Auburn (Cal.) Journal. GOOD ROADS BETTER THAN RAILROADS. Washington, Dec. 18.—The econom ie. value of good roads was empha sized here at the annual convention of the American Civic association Herbert quick, of the federal farm loan board, explaining the relatioi between improved highways and fari land values, said an efficient systei of conntry roads was eheaper more valuable to the farmer thi so-called tap line railroad spurs, whi> could not. be eouatrueted for less thi $75,000 a mile, and the eost of whiel must be paid by the eommunities the; serve. "Good roads have » vital effect oik the valu» of farm laud," said Mr Quick. 11 If our board and countr; banks are to lend money on farm they must know the producing value of the mortgage element, and here in where the value of good roads be comes manifest.'' A man recently lost $40,000 through betting on a fake horse race. The two lessons he and other men should learn are: First, to make sure a race is genuine; and second, never to bet especially on a horse race. The two most risky things to venture one' money upon are a horse race and : presidential election, as many a mai knows to his sorrow these days. Any man, capitalists or workingma* who says that the decision of a cour is to be defied if it is contrary to thi supposed interests of a movement, i an enemy to the country, because h spells ' ' anarchy. ' ' No, Villa isn't dead again. It's th« other fellow, as usual. q "/ wish I had taken time enough to have planned the house a little more carefully. q "/ realize now that it might have been more con veniently arranged, and that it would not have cost any more to have had a modern looking and a highly attractive outside appearance. " 5 I''" v n vV. I T3. Ilf;!« me q Avoid having such regrets. q Our "Customers-Ai[i" Plan Book and Service offers a variety of ideas, both as to the arrange ment of rooms and as to exterior appearanc. q YVe will combine any of these ideas which may appeal to you with |my others that you may already have, and make you a sketch without any charge for doing ko. i\ A Ij 1} l P L A N-NO - 246» q This is merely a part of the service which we as modern building Supply merchants are ren dering to our customers. q Our lumber office ij> a clearing house of build ing ideas—the place to go for help in working out your building problems. GEM STATE LUMBER CO. O c o , _ .v/ *-77777" *3 3 \ a n u - \ s s g c f a t v j A. BARRETTE, MANAGER BLACKFOOT, IDAHO MILRAGE ROOK EFFECTS SAVING An announcement of interest to ihat portion of the public which does considerable traveling every year, is made by Dan F. Sencpcr, general pas senger and ticeket agent of the Short Line, who gives a new rating on mile age books for the riming year. A considerable saving is made on either books of 2000 miles, they are good for one year, and the purchasers get the benefit of thAreduction in fare at the time the bool is purchased. No re bate is to lie obtained afterward, however, as in the case cf the "T. C. scrip books.'' The Short Line, in conjunction with the O.-W. R. & N., ha* placed on sale two low rate mileage books available for purchase by tho public in general, which reduce the rate of travel via these lines, and others, to basis of 2Yj cents per mile; a re duction of half a cent per mile from the standard mile rats i.nd more than that on branch lines. There are two books, described as follows: Two thousand miles—$50.00 (2% cents per mile)—good between all lo cal stations on the Oregon Short Lin» and O.-W. R. Se N. lines. Two thousand miles—$50.00 cents per mile)—good between local points on the Oregon Short Line, Po catello and west, and on other rail roads operating in the states of Ida ho, Oregon and Washington. This will effect a saving of not less than $10.00 on every 2Ö00 miles of travel, as well as being a great con venience to traveling men and others *rho travel extensively, because they obviate the necessity of being both ered with buying innumerable tickets between local points. Another big Chicago mail order house has issued its balance sheet ia which it shows the enormous trade it has done the past year. Meanwhile there is probably an increasing num ber of local merchants in every otste who find it difficult to mak» Mh ends meet because toe fiolke whs should naturally trade with them fail to do so. That tells against the pros perity and growth of the small town. Rockefeller has been squandering his money again. This time he gave a little girl thirty cents. Watch the price of oil. Catarrh Cannot Be Cured with LOCAL APPLICATIONS, aa they cannot reach the seat of the disease. Catarrh is a local disease, greatly In fluenced by constitutional conditions, and in order to cure it you must take an internal remedy. Hell's Catarrh Medi cine Is taken Internally and act* thru the blood on th* mucous surfaces of the system. Hall's Catarrh Medicine wae S rescribed by on* of the best physicians i this country for years. It Is com posed of some of the best tonics known, combined with some of the best blood S uriflers. The perfect combination ot lie Ingredients In Hall's Catarrh Medi cine le what produces such wonderful results in catarrhal conditions. Send for testimonials, free. F. J. CHENEY A CO., Props., Toledo; O. All Druggist», TSc. Hell's Family Pills for constipation.