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Bingham County News
BERKLEY WALKER, Publisher Entered as second class matter December 3, 1907, at the postoffice at Blackfoot, Idaho, under act of Congress of March 3, 1879. THE TRUE PRINCIPLE OF PROTECTION. The true principle of American Protection was well enunciated in the House of Representatives by Congressman Herrick, of Oklahoma, as follows: "We as a nation can exist without exposing a single pound of any thing or importing a single pound of anything. I used to think some 25 years ago, when 1 was somewhat afflicted with domacratihis, that the free importation of foreign goods miight have a tendency to keep down profit eering to the consumer on goods of American manufacture, but I have come to realize that goods sold upon the market to the consumer, whether of domestic or foreign manufacture, passed Ohrough the hands of the same profiteer, and no matter how cheaply he purchased the foreign goods, he sold them at the same or very nearly at the price as the goods of American manufacture. On account of the fact that he could purchase them so much cheaper abroad they yielded him a greater profit, but as the foreigner was employed in producing goods for sale in the American market, It produced a corresponding decrease of employment here in America, which caused a condition of want and misery for our American laborers. That being the case, there is no excuse whatever for the Free-Trade theory, and there is every reason why we should have a Tariff that will equalize the icost of production in America and abroad. The whole question of Protection ultimately rests upon Protecting the American laborer and American pro ducer from the competition of cheap foreign labor." PRESIDENT GRANT VETOED SOLDIERS' BONUS MEASURE. Washington—When President Harding appeared before congress a few days ago to oppose the passage of the bonus bill he repeated history. President Grant, in the spring of 1875, vetoed a soldiers' bonus hill which had been passed by both branches of congress. The veto was based upon substantially the same reasons as those presented by President Harding a few days ago when he urged a postponement of consideration of a bonus to ex-service men. The bonus bill of 1876 provided for the payment of ?8 1-3 a month for all those in service. President Grant's veto message read as follows: "Washington, March 3, 1875. •"l'o the House of Représentatives : "House Hill 3,341 is herewith returned without my approval for the reasons, iirst, that it appropriates from the treasury a large sum of money at a time when the revenue is insufficient for current wants and this pro posed further drain on the treasury. The issue of bonds, authorized by the bill to a very large and indefinite amount would seriously embarrass the refunding operations now progressing, whereby the interest of the bonded debt of the United States is being largely reduced. * * * The pass age of this bill at this time is inconsistent with the measures of economy now demanded by the necessities of the country. "U. S. GRANT." CURRENT BUSINESS CONDITIONS. BY GEORGE E. ROBERTS (From the Monthly Letter Issued by the National Bank of New York for August) Observers of business are almost unanimous in their assurances that there is a "better feeling" about business. Just exactly what, this recurring phrase means is difficult to state. It might be descriptive of any of a doz en psychological changes that, could enter into the situation. If it means that people generally have begun to realize the causes that have thrown industry out of balance, and to ap preciate the thiqgs that must be cor rected before condiOions come into equilibrium again, then we should say that the reported "better feeling" constituted an important advance to ward normalcy. If, however, the "better feeling" means simply tiiat people are merely smiling and wait ing more patiently, rather than set ting themselves seriously to the task of wage and price reductions and other readjustments that are neces sary, then we fear that it signifies hut little. There is fresh evidence constantly that the readjustments are taking place. They are slow, but it takes time for a knowledge of conditions to reach all classes and divisions of the population, and for them to make up their minds to give the cooperation that is necessary to bring industry back into the balance. Meanwhile, it will aid in the cultivation of pa tience to realize that conditions are WHY BE SICK for we GUARANTEE resul s or your MONEY BACK Brs Whisler & Whislei BACK BONE SPECIALISTS Palace Drug Bldg. Phone 355-J I.united to 4d Patients Daily ! 5 i I j I j I , ; I j i I Ship By Truck -!• ! Tffiue and Warehouse, Corner Broadway and ; * Idaho Street ; j; Furniture and Piano Moving ; I General Hauling ; White Transfer and Storage Co. £ Office Phone 48 Residence 434 ? BONDED WAREHOUSE V by no means so bad as they might be, and tihat considering all the circum stances the volume of business is really surprisingly large. The fundamental difficulty upon which a revival of business waits is still the inequality of values as be tween the various alasses of goods and services. The normal basis of trade between people in different, in dustries has been disturbed, and it is only by the pressure of painful exper ience that the old relations are re stored. The producers of cotton, corn and oats, wool, hides, sugar and food stuffs generally are getting no more for their labor than before the war. Among the principal items of expense to them is clothing. They produce the raw material for it, but under the modern system of industry sell it and buy it back in the form of gar ments, paying the transportation charges, milt-workers, garment- work ers and all middle men by supplying food and raw materials to everybody. All of the people who have a part in the conversion of wool, cotton and hides for the farmers' use are still getting 10U per cent or better above pre-war wages, but naturally they are not all at work, for the evi dent reason that the farmer cannot buy as many clotthes at the preesnt prices as when his own compensation ! was on a par with the compensation 5 of these people with whom he is i trading services. I A similar problem faces the wage learners in all the industries. The j wage-workers in agriculture have I the situation before their eyes, and j have yielded to it promptly. The images of farm hands have dropped I approximately one-half. Farm hands were close enough to tlie situation to see that it was that or nothing. The factory workers, railroad em ployes and town workers generally , are many of them working for the farmers and will have to face the same situation. Unemployment ex ists on a large scare ooeause goods ; cannot be sold, and they cannot be sold because the industrial situation is out of balance. Recovery wili come as the balance is restored and I cannot come otherwise, j It is greatly to the credit of the wage-earners as a class that the pro i cess of readjustment has proceeded with as little friction as has been the case thus far. Generally there has been willingness to make concessions. It is not advisable that the movement should be unduly pressed. It is bet ter to take more time, although delay means that the losses are greater, for the wage-earners are entitled to know why lower wages are necessary. They are interested in having the necessary readjustments made in or der that industry may be on a basis that will afford steady and full em ployment. Wage reductions will have to go much further an the manufacturing industries and in transportation be fore this situation is reached. It has been contended, and with much force, that living costs should lead rather than follow, wage reductions, and they have led at the expense of the earnings of farmers and at the ex pense of profits and dividends, tout they have reached a point where fur ther price reductions are dependent upon wage reductions. These reduc tions, however, will not mean a loss of purchasing power to wage-earn ers, for the very reason that wages are now the principal factor in prices, and the cost of living, generally speaking, will decline accordingly. On the other hand if further re ductions are not made in the indus tries indicated, living costs are likely to rise. Already the farmers are or ganizing for the purpose of curtail ing the production of agricultural products. The cotton crop this year will be 25 per cent below the average amount required under normal con ditions to meet the demand. Plans are being developed to curtail the production of foodstuffs. These pol icies are justified by the combinations of wage-earners and others to main tain wages and the prices of town made products at an unfair level above farm products. The whole system of restriction is wrong and in the end defeats the purpose In view of bettering living conditions for those who practice it. When every body practices it the result is poorer living conditions for all. The best results will be obtained for every group of workers by a fair attitude toward others, and by a common pol icy to promote the general good. So There You Are A celebrated tumliste writes: "Don't wear gray if you are past middle age." A still more celebrated milliner, Durae Nnture. insists that you shall.— Ex change. Last Week Thousands of Women Learned New Economy in "Home-Baking" New economy and new satisfaction have been made possible by producing Dr. Price's Baking Powder with Phosphate instead of Cream of Tartar and selling it at 25c. for a large-size 12-oz. can. Think of it! Dr. PRICE'S PHOSPHATE Baking Powder 25c For a large size can, 12 oz. Dr. Price's Phosphate Baking Powder is the most wholesome low priced baking powder obtainable. It contains no alum and is made in the same Dr. Price factories that have been famous for the quality of their products for nearly 70 years. FUDGE SQUARES 3 tablespoons shortening 1 cup sugar I egg S ounces unsweetened chocolate Y» teaspoon vanilla extract Vz cup milk 1 cup flour 1 teaspoon Dr. Price's Baking Powder Ya cup nut meats chopped—not too fine Melt shortening; add sugar and unbeaten egg; mix well; add chocolate which has been melted, vanilla and mi k; add flour which has been sifted with the baking powder- add nut meats and mix well. Spread very thinly on greased shallow cake pan and bake in slow oven from 20 to 30 minutes. Cut into 2-inch squares while still warm and before removing from pan. IU L New Dr. Price Cook Book —FREE Your grocer may still have a few copies of the New Cook Book—if so he will give you one with a purchase of Dr. Price's Phosphate Baking Powder. ' If not rather than have you disappointed, we will send you a copy free if you address Dr* Price s Baking Powder Factory, 1001 Independence Boulevard, Chicago, Illinois' On Sale at all Grocers GGOOLER ÄS TETHER GIVES A IO TO BOYS Co-operation His Scheme of Life and Better Men for City His Great Ambition. His scheme of life Is co-operation. His ambition, which has flared for more than three-score years, is to ln culcute in boys, particularly boys of the poorer city districts, the logic of doing right for right's sake. Upon first glance at Jacob Kurtz, in his black frock coat which buttons np high to a Roman collar, and bis broad, black soft hat, one might take him for a clergyman. But lie isn't. He is a cobbler. And he spends his days and part of ids nights at Olivet institute, Chicago, teaching the boys of that vicinity how to mend worn-out shoes. "I have an enrollment of 100 boys," explains Mr. Kurtz with his kindly, •sincere smile, which makes one think of Grayson's "Adventure In Content ment." "But of course it isn't possi ble to give each of the 100 my per sonal attention, so I take five boys each hour. "We have class every day from four to five and every evening from seven to nine, and we mend five pairs of shoes each hour." Cobbling shoes is not all the boys learn at these clnsses. nere are some of the don'ts and musts bunded down during the class hô'ur: "Don't ask your brother or sister to do your work." "Don't get up late in the morning." "Don't forget pennies make dollars." "Don't forget that children who honor their teachers in clay school and church—for preachers are teachers— will obtain a good name." "You must build your own charac ter." "You must do right to be right." "You must gather your own store of knowledge." Mr. Kurtz makes it a point to visit tiie home of each boy in his class. Part of Ids advice to parents Is to reason with their children. "A. boy should know the reason why he should not steal ; he should show the reason wtoy he should not He, the reason why he must go to school, the reason why a good name Is to be chos en rather than great riches," he ex plains. Sunday Mr. Kurtz, accompanied by boys of his class, 1» going forth to lec ture on the street comers. The object of the lectures Is to in crease the membership in his classes and decrease the Interest of the boys In the neighborhood gangs. DOE DOES SOME STUNTS Vitits Rhod« Island Town and Landa In Jail. A doe about the size of a New foundland dog performed a series of exciting stunts after it had been caught In a traffic Jam on the Globe bridge in Woonsocket, R. I. The deer appeared suddenly in South Main street and headed for the business section, but, after she had held the right of way in that thorough fare for some time, she leaped over the railing of the bridge, landed on the roof of the Fall Yarn mills, crashed through a skylight and fell 19 feet into a dye vat partly filled with water. Before the half dozen men in the room could act the doe swam to the edge of the vat, clambered out, leaped through a window and fell 10 feet to the rocks on the bed of the Black stone river. She crawled to the bank, where per sons who had seen her go over the bridge caught her. She was taken to the police station in an automobile, locked in a box stall and later taken to the country by a deputy game war den and released. Many Forms of Carbon. Coal, charcoal, graphite and dia monds are different forms of the ele ment carbon, but the diamond Is crystallized in one way, graphite in another, and charcoal Is not crystal lized at all. Some hard coals contain over 90 per cent carbon. The coke left tn the retorts when coal is heat ed to make gas is. like wood charcoal, an impure amorphous (uncrystalllzed) enrbon. The purest amorphous car bon Is made by heating sugar tn u loosely covered eruciblp until gas ceases to corne off Lucky Strike cigarette ft toasted © /> Guaranteed tgr AUTO REPAIR SHOP Clark Brotherrn, formerly wîijh the Buchanan Motor Co., have opened a shop In the Van Or den building, back of the Bing ham County News office, and with entrance on Judicial et. They are now ready to do all kinds of repair work. Clark Auto Shop Parley, G. Clark nun« 10 Teamwork. The man at the top should know his men all down the line. Meeting them inspires them and Inspires him. They do their work for the knowledge that they are under the close observation of their superior, and he does his work better for familiarizing himself with details, and keeping in touch with all the latest requirements.—Washington Star.