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TAX EXEMPTION Asserts There Are Now Over Thirty Billions Exempt From Taxation in the United States. Chicago.—A determined effort to end the tax exemption of certain classes of securities has been started by the Chicago Mortgage Bankers' Association, consisting of concerns in Chicago lending money on city real estate. This organization began its efforts ■when the recent. National Convention of Real Estate Boards was held here last month. That convention adopt ed resolutions directed against the further extension of the tax exemp tion privilege, and the Chicago or ganization has enlisted a large num ber of real estate men throughout the country in its campaign. At the real estate 'convention the keynote was sounded by Melvin A. Traylor, a no'ed Chicago banker, in an address on "The Menace of Eco nomic Fallacies." Mr. Traylor as serted that. Including Liberty Bonds, there ars over thirty billions .'f dol lars of tax free securities afloat in the country. These, he said are largely represented by municipal se • urltles an n peal to the vui - 'ea - thy, resui'ii'r in keeping general tax ntion hick «nd restricting protuu tive Industry. He charged also that, much mun '-.ps' extravagi i e is d e to the tax e.-u.-n ption feature of mun icipal sear I lies The Ch' tg) Mortgage Banke v Associât* >u chtiges that 'vv extirn tion cai'-ies 'ne diversion of large amounts of n. i ey by es - , vtos and in dividuals vi* I large laocmes from building ciKiïi .irises to those which are inert so *.z • as prod new- indus try is • ,n- - ' red. It charges ih e building shortage to ho due. largely to the purchase of tax free securities, and that as a result rents and taxes upon the general public are increased. A protest against the futherance of tax exemption has been sent by the association to every member of Congress and the foundation of a na tional organization of city mortgage loan men has been formed. It is pur posed through this national organi zation to demonstrate that the ex tension of the tax exemption privilege means exemption for the wealthy only and greater taxation for the general public; higher rents through less 'building; the continuance of the high living cost and unempdoyment because of less capital for productive Industry, and a general halting of in dustrial development. Attention is directed toward fanm loan bank bonds and joint; stock land bank bonds, now tax exempt, as illus trations of the dangers of extension of the tax exemption privilege and also as class legislation. If this practice continues it Is feared other classes of the people will ask like privileges. The organization will seek to demonstrate to the farmers that they are ultimately the real suf ferers, because of the resultant slow ing down of industry and tire conse quent restriction of markets for farm products, together with tire Higher taxes they must pay. "Were the tux exemption privilege entirely withdrawn," said George H. Traylor, president of the Chicago Mortgage Bankers Association "there would be approximately sixteen bil lions of dollars, aside from Liberty Bonds, amendable to taxation. This, at the normal income tax rate, would wield nearly a billion dollies annu ally and would relieve the people of a huge tax burden and divert amaz ingly large sums front non-produc tive to productive uses. "If the lax exemption privilege i. - curtailed, then increasingly larger sums will be available far : x which will at once reduce th ? general burden and enable industry to oh t tin the cap! al it so urgently needs. If- however, the privilege s extend ed, we shall have, as Mr. Traylor points out, greater municipal extra vagances, useless public work and 'inert lame fortune.-, which will' moan the continuance of high taxes, little ' ui ding construction and high prices. W invite the co-operation of all en li ' it-'iied organizations to lie!]) end t iis iniquitous economic absurdity." ICC7 1 IP. OWN HORN ALL YOU WANTS TO It 'in' alius the feller what yells t!.c loudest what makes the most noise in the world. lïowsutnever, there i.s sum times when this sed ye'iin' kin help sum. I wus readin' in the paper bom sum fair what is goin' to take the whole right uv way now one uv these here days what is goin' to git here party soon, 'n 'this here bird what i this here piece what got kot onto : ■ eve says es how everybudy ort t .-.■'I out 'n yell their fool heads off 1 v 1 ■' Us so es this here jamboree "'i: ; :ie uv the howlinest success f w r ; ever kicked all uv the dust 1' ■ nybudy's eye. Now es this same gasaboo says if y ui brs got anything what you thinks is bettern what nobudy else h s got. why you ort to bring sed th:*.:-; in 'n let the Judge tell you mini things. Howsumever, es I ain't seed anybudv what wus wantin' the judge to tell 'em anything eentin' dis charged, why may bees this here bird has got sum new kinds uv judge what ain't lookin' fer sum chanct to shuve everybudy into sum bird c-ge. Uv in to in - e e course if everybudy else is a goin' to git out their hammers 'n all try driv in' sum koffin nails into this here sed fair what nobudys nose is fair er not, why they had better have -sum funeral rigfct away 'n git it off uv their minds, but es there is lots uv folks whan likes to use their ham mers fer buildin' up sum things sted uv knockin' why I is goin' to tell all 'n sundries how they kin help to git under the bottom side uv this here fair 'n give ia sum boost up into the air jist like sum bird. First off uv the bat, when anybudy is a wantin' fer sum things to suc cess, stead uv suckin' a cow, er eggs, er only their own thumb, why this same budy has go« to git out 'n tell everybudy else what a good hunch uv cheese this here what they is a wantin' to sit purty is, so es every body else will start to talkin' out uv that same side uv their mouth. 'N then when everybudy has got their basoos into tihe same fix why all uv them 'n their uncle's grandma wants to let out sum yell like they has been eatin' green apples so es them what ain't heard nuthin' bout this here will a runnin' to see who it wus what got run over. Now this here fair is sum place where everybudy shows what they has got, so if you has got sum cabbage head what you has got tihe big head over, why that is what you wants to bring in 'n let the judge feel uv the same to see if it is only sum soft head. Then lots uv folks raises turnups, 'n es them what ain't raised nun kin most likely 'borrow sum frum them what has, why everybudy ort to turn up at the gate with their glad rags on. Fer thepi what raises spuds why they wants to see they has all uv their eyes open so es they kin see all there is to see, es fer beets, all kinds uv beets in welcome ceptin' dead beets, 'n that kinds better beat their selfs til) they cums to life nuff so es they kin beat everybudy else to the grand stand. Then everybudy wan's to think they is tlie biggest punkin' what is in the patch 'n they everybudy will know they is present. Es fer corns, why them what grows «his kind had better leave the same to home so es it won't git stepped on top uv, es there is sure goin' to be sum bunch, 'n corns ain't got no busi ness lessen they is onto the cobs. Now I has tolled sum things 'n there is lots more kin 'be tolled, so I is goin' to let sum uv the same be hollered bout by sum other budy, es every their noodles, "Twenty, twenty once, twice, 'n three times." O. TWISTER. _____ v ____ ________________ budy ort to toll sum, only everybudy j better git this here dates stuck into LESSONS IN STRAIGHT THINKING (By Paul M.'vc'.s, Authority c n Rea soning.) It is our plan in writing these ar ticles to warn the reader first of all against what he should not do in thinking, partially by making clear to him just how enormous a number of traps of reasoning—more than 100 are waiting for him. After arm ing himself against these he can ven ture safely into the methods of con structive reasoning. This doesn't mean, of course, that we are going to ask anyone to memorize several score of fallacies and repeat them. If he understands them as they are illustrated the impression they make on his mind will be sufficient to re call them one at a time when seen again. To make a simple start: Here is an error which, strange to say, is generally overlooked by text-books on login* and argumentation, it is what we call "Argument over definition," and consists in disputing over what an object, act, quality, etc., should be called without attempting to come to an agreement on w - hat each dis putant signifies'by his words. For example, we recently read in a newspaper artiale a discourse of several paragraphs on the question, "What is Courage?," as though it cou'd be settled by argument. The thing was finally given up as one of the unfathomable problems of meta physics—which, by the way—are never so mysterious as we often think when they are approached from the right angle. Now as a matter of fact there is only one way to settle a thing like that conclusively, and that is, to get a dictionary. Of course various dic tionaries may vary a little in defini tions, and to that extent the mean ing of the word will always be flex ible. But stn'l. meaning is determin ed by the best writers and speakers as they are generally accepted to be, and words are mere labels or signs which the world, under their leader ship, uses to designate certain ideas. Hence it is patently absurd to argue over a matter settled only by arbi trary custom. One can expect to ge^ nowhere in discussion unless he is speaking either of a question of fact or truth outside of definition, or of a matter of policy: those are the two to remember. But suppose that one person is hotly arguing that a thing is so- and so and his friend continues to dispute it without getting anywhere. It's an even venture that neither knows just what the other is driving at; and the thing to do in all cases where mutual understanding of meaning is not certain is, first of all, to come to understanding of meaning. The question of whether one is using the wrong terms can be settled later. This will bring an end to many a dis pute. The veterans of the Civil War used to "have it up and down" with any doubter of their views 0 n the problem of whether Jitfirson Davis was a traitor. We shall not try to argue here, of course, the matter of whether he did right; that would only bring up another Issue of whe ther right referred to guilS or to un foreseen good or evil, etc. But this niu'ch is certain: the question of whe ther any man is a traitor depends only on the accepted meaning of the word, and a dictionary should suffice for purely technical definitions. But as we have said, it is more practical still what one's antagonist means, and test his conclusion, M any, by this alone. If one declares that happiness is the only goal in living, find out whether he denotes happiness for one's self alone, and whether only physical pleasures. For when we pracaice this we shall learn that many differences of qpinion are imaginary. GIVE YOUR OLD CLOTHES. With their cast-off clothes and dis carded shoes, the people of this coun ty are going to attempt' to duplicate for the orphan children of Armenia and the refugee sufferers from war, massacre and famine all over Asia Minor what they have already done with their cash gifts for the desti tute people of Europe—help save their lives. To arrange for the local communi ty's part in a great nation-wide clothes-gathering effort in behalf of the struggling, half naked men, wo men and children of the Near East, Miss Z. Fay Fowler, for four years leader of junior extension work for the University of Idaho, is billed to arrive here in the near future. Miss Fowler is coming as the newly-ap pointed state director of the Near East Relief Committee. This organ ization is specially chartered by Con gress to feed the hungry, nurse the sick, clothe the naked and help with 'ihe reconstruction program through out Western Asia, with funds con tributed by the American public. "Our present effort in South Idaho is to gather up the old clothes and shoes to he found a'bout nearly every home," says Miss Fowler in an ad vance notice of her coming, sent out from Near East Relief headquarters at Boise. "With these we hope to forestall a recurrence of last winter's sickening tragedies in the Near East. Most any cast-off garments or shoes in which there is still warmth and wear, can be used in this great work. "Last winter thousands of little children, bereft by war and massacres of all who knew and loved them, and j homqiess men and women, reduced to skeletons by «he ravages of hunger and disease, died in the snow and frozen mud of Armenia and the Cau casus, simply for the need of clothes just such as lay unused in our closets and attics here in America. "America's cliarltiy has already sav ed more than two million lives in the Near East through the Near East Re lief Committee, which has carried on its work at a cost of only five cents on each dollar contributed by the public. America's old clothes ana sums equal to what we usually waste will now - protect this American 'in vestment' in human souls until Con gress and other world powers, now studying the problems, can put a stop to the cause of all this unearthly need in Armenia and among her stricken neighbors." Local committees will be appoint ed, it is announced, to handle the clothes collection here. WEEKLY SUMMARY OF CROP CONDITIONS Boise, Idaho, Aug. 17.- -Settled summer weather with decidedly high temperatures prevailed throughout the state, in fact in some of the northern counties it was the hottest week of the season. No general rain occurred and *many districts were rainless, but in a few scattered locali ties thunder Showers gave some re lief from the heat and drought. In most instances the amounts of precip itation were small, too small to af ford much help, but in Cassia coun ty an excessive downpour occurred, accompanied by a damaging fall of hail. Hail damaged crops also in Nez Perce and Bear Lake counties. The weather was entirely favor able for all irrigated crops, tilt heat being particularly beneficial to the maturing corn crop, but in the dry farm sections the Ion ; continued drought and intense heat of the past week caused a marked detonation in crop prospects, vn the panhandle especially the crops are suffering from the heat and drought. Corn is drying fast; meadows, pastures and ranges are drying up; oats are not tilling; potatoes are small and not growing; all garden and truck tops are at a standstill. The range is dry ing in all the grazing districts, hot dry feed is plentiful and stock are thriving for the most part. Lambs are 'being shipped from several points. Early potatoes are being market ed in car lots from the commercial districts. Sugar beets are growing rapidly. Prunes and apples are mak ing good progress. In the early val leys prunes are beginning to ripen and picking will soon begin. Parm activities, mostly haying, grain harvesting, aid thrashing went, ahead with praeticallv no in terruption on account of the weath er. It was splendid harvesting weather and grain and hey are being taken care of in the best of condition. Overdoing It. We deeply sympathize with the Stratford man who asked the magis trates for a separation order because his wile chased him with a hatchet every day. It is u„ often.—London Punch. j j ! i TWO SETS OF ORGANS Man Can Swallow Water and Then Bathe in It. ; Russian, "Discovered" by French Acad i shower baths are scarce and over emy, Used Peculiar Talents to Fool Germans During War. Baris.—The French Academy of Medicine, announces the discovery of what it terms a "man most fortunate ly constructed physiologically for brav ing the torrid heat wave." The man is Vladimir Bolgarsky, formerly a cap tain in the Rtissian artny and since the Bolshevist revolution a refugee in Paris. According to the report, Bol gttrsky has a "dual personality of di gestive organs." The multiplicity of talents possessed by these organs leirtl themselves to many practical uses. For instance, patronized in Paris at present, but this does not annoy Bolgarsky. He simply drinks 30 glasses of ice water, which feat occupies him some three minutes, then, being thus cooled in side his trick organs return the water by way of the mouths in the same con dition as when swallowed, and with such force and velocity that the stream rises to a height of six feet, falling back upon him in tiny needle like jets like a shower. Bolgarsky put his talents to good use while fighting on intents to good the side of the allies. The Russians had an itnpor tant batterj well camouflaged, hut be ing worried that the Germans might discover it, they constructed a dum my battery at some distance. Rnlgar sky was placed in a well-protected spot in front of the dummy battery and, having smoked many packages of cig arette-' and swallowed the smoke, he emitted smoke in such spurts that the Germans concentrated the fire on the dummy instead of the real battery. STICKS IN FIRE HYDRANT Boy is Held Prisoner by Suction Half Hour—Six Firemen Work to Free Him. Nejv York. — The Dutch boy who plugged up a hole in the dyke with his hand and saved Holland from flood was a prototype of five-year-old Duvey Mr Cluskey of Harlem. Duvey's arm got stuck in a fire hydrant for half an hour before six firemen took the hy drant apart and freed him. Duvey and some chums found the cap of the hydrant loose and un screwed it. Duvey shoved his left arm in up to the shoulder. When he tried to withdraw it he couldn't, because of the suction. H*; didn't even whimper while being rescued, and the firemen shook hands with him and called him a "game little kid." But McG'luske.v, Sr., happened along, and Davey's reward was different from that of the Dutch hoy. ONE X-RAY MENACE UNREAL Rays Not Likely to Injure Persons in Adjoining Rooms, Says Report. Paris.—X-ray laboratories have betli found to constitute hut slight If a/y danger to persons in adjacent rooflis. A report to the Academy of Medicine held that modern appliances and con ditions generally existing in X-ray rooms sufficiently protect all but the operators. The report was prepared by a com mission after recent reports to the Academy that X-rays were a serious menace to people in buildings housing laboratories. It was contended that the rays would penetrate walls with force enough left to cause serious in jury. This contention was found by the commission to be ill founded. MADE HIS LIFE MISERABLE Qlrl Followed Man and Threatened to Commit Suicide If He Did Not Marry Her. Brooklyn.—"Please make that wo man stop following me!" pleaded Ir- , ving Rabinowitz, 25 years old, as he | rushed into a police station. Rublno witz pointed out a girl in a brown dress who was standing on the other side of the street. "She threatens to commit suicide un less I marry her," he declared. "I've : had to change my hoarding place many ; times because she follows me." | "Why don't you marry her?" the po- I lice asked him. "Never !" shouted the frightened young man as he dashed out of the stution house nnd leaped Into a taxi cab. * Says Flavoring Extract j ( Alienated Her Husband ; Salisbury, N. C.—When a t * wife sues for damages for alien- ♦ j atlon of her husband's affee- j ! tions, she generally names an- » j other woman. Not so with t S Mrs. Melissa J. Woodingtou of ? this city. Flavoring extracts, | ♦ grown potent since prohibition, j ! are the corespondent. Mrs. I j Woodingtou filed suit for $10,- j I 000 against W. A. Koseinan, a f grocer, uh» she charges sold to J her husband flavoring extracts f which caused him to neglect and j beat her. 5Irs. Woodington j doesn't specify the flavor. I BEST CAT! LO TTLE STEADY; OTHERS WER; LAMBS HIGHER Knasa-s City Stock Yards, August 15, 1921—Cattle receipts today were the largest of the year, mostly Kan sas, Oklahoma, and Texas, pastured steers. Demand for fed gragdes, wintered i grass fat and tihe best ' grades of grass fat steers was active and fully steady. Half fat and com mon killets sold slowly at lower pric es, but the decline was modified by a good stocker and feeder demand. Hog prices wdre steady to 10 cents low er. Lambs were 25 cents higher. Utah lambs sold up to $10.50. Today's Receipts Receipts today were 26,500 cattle, 8500 hogs, and 4500 sheep compared with 22,^00 cattle, 7500 hogs and 9000 shebp a week ago, and 21,800 cattle, 7350 hogs and 9,900 sheep a year ago. Beef Cattle Trade in beef cattle started the week in much the same position as late last week. Best killing grades, especially fed steers, were steady, with the best time last week and the plainer kinds were 15 to 25 cents lower than last Wednesday. How ever, there was a good demand from local killers and a good outlet on shipping orders. General, indica tions are that the market will con tinue to Absorb liberal supplies read ily. Killers are taking more cattle than at dny previous time this year, and the feeder trade, which has ex panded materially, will act as a check t 0 any f u Uher decline in the half fat classes. Cows and heifers were 25 | cents lower with trade quiet. Veal ]calves wdre steady. Stockers and Feeders Inquiry for stockées and feedrs was I cents low «he decli tically all j maud. T : Wethers fairly large with prices unchanged. A good t|ianv thin steers and stock cows are being sent into the north west sections that '.as: year had drought conditions. Corn belt feed ers are buying a good many fleshy steers foij short feeding. Hogs Hog pijices averaged steady to 10 r. Rough classes showed i. Smooth grades in prac weights were in active fle he top price was $9.90, and bulk $9.00 to $9.85. Pigs sold up to $10.25. Shippers brought freoily. All eastern idarkets 'closed lower. Sheep and Lambs Lambs were strong to 25 cents higher and sheep steady. Native lambs sold up to $9.50. Arizonas $10.25, a lui Utah Iambi, $1 '.50. re quoted at $5 25 to $5.76 and ewej|$ t 25 to $5.00. Feeding lambs are quoted at $6.50 to »7.15. CHARLES aI. PIPKIN, Market Cor e 3 p .11 lent. WOMEN'S IDEAS OF BEAUTY. Turkish women dye their hair red. In Greenland the women color their faces blue and yellow. Japanese women, to add to their beauty, gild their teenh. Among the natives of Brazil cor pulence is considered the highest type of beautjf. Hottentot women paint the entire body in patches of red and black. The Burmese girl cannot enter so ciety unless she wears plugs in her ears. The Bqsque women of Spain think they make themselves more beauti ful by shaving their heads. Persian women ornament their faces by painting upon them the fig ures of insects and small animals. Mexican women use fireilifljsi as jewels (o enhance their beauty. They tie the flies in little gauze bags which they wear in their hair. The women of Morocco wash their faces in rose water in which apricot seeds, baked and powdered, are in 'produced, as a means of preserving j their complexions. Our phone is number 31. J POTATO GROWERS! ti . We are now contracting potatoes. Payment Down. Blackfoot Potato and Fruit Growers' Assn. Phone 72 UVn II ! 111 ! i 11111 ! 1111 i 1 i n I : : ; : ! i n i 1 [ î ! ; ; ;,■![[ ; 1 ft SOCIETY (By Mrs. Edna Walker, Phone 745) The Relief Society of the L. D. S. church met at the First Ward chapel Tuesday. Much was accomplished during the afternoon, the ladies quilting a large quilt. The second ward held a literary meeting Tues day afternoon. Next week this ward will give a Relief Society social at the home of Mrs. E. T. Malcolm. • • Mrs. William Herman Stuffleheam and Mrs. Thomas Alby Hayes gave a reception Thursday afternoon, honor ing Mrs. John Alexander deBarre' and Mrs. William Sandusky Tipton, at the home of Mrs. Stuffleheam. • • Mrs. J. C. Fisher acted as hostess Wednesday afternoon to the Metho dist Ladies' Aid at her home on South Stout avenue. • • A lovely reception was given last Friday evening at the J. B. DeHart home ou Shilling avenue, compli menting the Rev. and Mrs. R. s. Stringfallow, the new rector of St. Paul's Episcopal church. Many friends called during the evening. A musical program was given by Mrs. M. N. Austin who favored the guests with vocal numbers, accompanied by Mrs. Jas. Christiansen at the pi ano. Mrs. L. B. Dustin sang, with Mrs. Mark Touhy accompanying. Ar chie Kennedy played a violin selec tion with piano accompaniment by Lorraine Seeger. Mrs. James Chris tiansen and Mrs. Rex Dunlap gave several piano selections. Rev. and Mrs. Stringfellow, Master Robert Stringfellow, Mrs. DeHart, Mrs. E. H. Hudson and Mrs. F. C. Christ stood in the receiving line. * • There was an old folks 'committee meeting held Sunday evening at the home of Mr. George Marshall. Mr. Marsha'l acting as chairman of the committee. An old folks' party will be given for every member over sixty years of age in this sl.ilce, at the L. D. S.-tabernacle, September 7th. An interesting program has been ar ranged which will be given in the morning, followed by 1 'waive o'clock luncheon. A dance will be given in j the afternoon. * * Mrs. E .A. Butler's class of the Crusaders met last Sunday evening at the Baptist church. Their class Is making Christmas gifts for children between the age of four and six years. At the 'last meeting of the Crusaders an interesting program was given. • • The "musical tea" given by the Women's Union of the Baptist church was a success both socially and financially. Mesdames L. 51. Capps, G. F. Hansbrough and A. B. Stephens acted as hostesses at the home of Mrs. Capps. The home was bright throughout with garden flowers. As the guests called dur ing the afternoon, the following en tertained them with a high class musical program: Mesdames De Kay and Christiansen rendered several piano solos, Mrs. Howard Henderson 'and Mrs. Dore sang a duet. Miss Freda Sollenberger sang with Mrs. Max Smith at the piano. Miss Srd lenberger also gave several splendid readings. Mrs. Henderson and Miss Butler rendered a number of vocal selections with Mrs. Dore as accom panist. * m The World Wide Guild of the Bap tist church met at the parsonage Friday evening. They planned to give a play In the church in the near future and arrangements were made to send a box early in October to the missionaries in Central America, also a quilt to a missionary in India. Ancestry Probably Persian. In the mountains of southern Arabia, a region of tremendous crags and precipices, lives a mysterious tribe of people who are entirely different from the Arabs. They are far lighter In color, and live In villages, not tenta. They are said to he a relic of the Persian army which invaded the coun try nearly 1,000 years ago.