THE IDAHO REPUBLICAN
TO! IDAHO PUBLISHING CO., LTD.
BLACK FOOT, IDAHO.
Sate red at tbs poatofflce at Blarkfoot, Idaho,
aa second-class matter.
BUB9CR1PTI ON BATES
S e Year In Advance.
e Year on Account.
Per Inch, per month
Locals, per line
Novel Umbrella Support.
The man who braves all the sar
casm about the suburbanite and set
tles himself in a quiet country home
soon finds that the pleasure to be had
In the open air, with pure water, and
fresh vegetables from his own gar
den, repay him for the ride back and
forth to his work In the city every
day, and, comparatively few who make
the experiment are content to settle
down to city life again, especially in
the summer time. In the winter and
ii stormy weather the country resi
dent finds life not so enjoyable, and
many a jest made at his expense
comes home to his mind as he trudges
■ 1 0
' i n .'
Designed for the Suburbanite,
along through the rain or snow, with
bis arms full of purchases he has
made in town.
This seems to be the plight of the
man in the picture. At first glance
one would pick him out for a resident
of the suburbs, from his load and gen
eral appearance. But this man should
have cause to rejoice, even in the
storm, for he is not troubled with his
umbrella. It is difficult to say what
he would do with it, were it not for
the arrangement with which he is
provided to support it for him, as
both his hands are already in use. It
is so often the case that the suburb
anite finds himself thus loaded that
his umbrella holder may be destined
to become one of his constant com
panions. In this device there is no
central ring as on the ordinary um
brella, but two vertical supports are
provided, having siits for the passage
of the braces. These supports are
strapped to the body, and hold the
■framework rigidly in position, and
when not in use occupy no more
space than the ordinary handle.
William A. Feazell of Ferrum, Va„
is the patentee.
Iron Turned Into Copper.
A curious find was recently made
In one of the copper mines at El
among the richest in the world, have
been abandoned for over thirty years
because during the Cuban insurrec
tion of 1868 the coal supply was cut
off by the insurgents, and consequent
ly pumping became impossible, so
that the mines filled with water. After
the Spanish war an American com
pany bought the mines and proceeded
to pump out the water. In one of the
shafts thus made accessible was
found what once represented an iron
fickaxe as well as some crowbars.
The metal in these implements had,
however, turned to copper.
Wonderful as this ' may appear,
there is a simple scientific explana
tion. The water filtering through the
rocks and the copper ore veins dis
solved some of the copper, the solu
tion containing sulphate of copper.
JlB soon as the sulphuric acid in this
jsolutlon touched the iron it at once
dissolved that metal and deposited
copper in its place, for sulphuric add
ilias a greater affinity for iron than for
'copper. In the process certain im
purities which had existed in the iron
were left behind undisturbed. The
wooden handle of the axe was In good
condition. The metal was porous and
irregular In shape, but in the general
outlines preserved the form of the
axe somewhat enlarged In size.
These mines, once
Must Know How to Make Ice.
Knowledge of the operation of arti
ficial ice plants is becoming a J valu
able asset to the electrician who
seeks to advance to the position of
manager of a lighting plant south of
Mason and Dixon's line. On the au
thority of one capitalist It Is easier
to get twenty engineers posted in
electricity than one who can operate
an ice plant. He says the value of
cold storage plants and the necessity
;for their existence in the South are
being slowly grasped and these offer a
still larger field for growth and addi
tion to both ice and electric plants.
The economy of the dual operation
of the two lines in one plant Is em
phasized in this part of the country,
where the long snmmer evenings are
spent out of doors and little burden
placed on the lighting plant, the pow
er of which may be readily used In
. * refrigerating plant. He cites one
wWch - with addition of
''force of rLi fi l Cma V° the regular
,100 tons ? kw ' alterna ting plant,
vaally product Were added t0 the
/./ 'rK*/ i
/ ' • /. M / \/y /
By Earl M. Pratt. Oak Park, Illinois.
A Virginian writer's way of wording
his thoughts interested me so much
that I took time to write him about
his skill. His reply contains this sen
tence: "I got the ability to write by
long, close practice in the effort to ac
quire ease and clearness together
with force of expression."
It is natural for some people to use
few and short words while others are
born to express themselves in many
and long words. Brief talkers and
writers must practice to be able to en
tertain and those people who are
voluminous must practice in order to
secure clearness and directness.
A young editor gave me this clip
ping for my collection and you may
wish to put it by for future use:
In a clever manner the use of short
words and plain English is set forth
in the following article: Short words
are sharp tools for writers. Some of
us remember the following advice giv
Emperor Gave Up Power
vate the country to an equal place
among the civilized nations of the
world, not only because he wished it,
but also because that course was in
strict accordance with the national (
There is an important difference be
tween the constitutions of western na
tions and that of Japan. The former
are the outcome of popular uprisings
against the tyranny of rulers—in
other words, of a demand, as of nat
ural right, by the people. Conse
quently, even in monarchical Europe,
constitutions are drawn in such terms
as to lay the greatest stress upon pop
ular rights, while at the same time
curtailing the power of the sovereign.
The Japanese constitution, on the
other hand, emanated from the Em
peror, the fountain head of all power.
Before the people dreamed of popular
rights or of a Parliament the Emperor
bad already marked out the gf'and
policy of establishing constitutional
government in the future, because of
his evident desire and purpose to ele
Source of His Eloquence
In the early days of Methodism in
the West a circuit rider, if he had a
large field to cover, was sometimes
permitted to have a colleague just be
ginning to preach. The Rev. John
Thompson was a circuit rider in a
somewhat thinly settled part of cen
tral Illinois more than fifty years ago.
The colleague assigned to him was
Brother James Smith, an excellent
young man, but with very little experi
ence as a preacher.
One Sunday Mr. Thompson had an
appointment at a small meeting bouse
in the country; but having a severe
cold, he asked his young assistant to
go along with him and preach the ser
mon; and the latter, as in duty bound,
Brother Smith had never undertak
en to preach in the presence of his
more experienced colaborer, and
when, after the opening services, he
arose and gave out his text he was
To the Nameless Hero
There are countless heroes who live and
Of whom we have never heard;
For jhe great, big, brawling world goes
WithTiardly a look or word;
And one of the bravest and best Of all
Of whom the list can boast
Is the man who falls on duty's call,
The man who dies at his post.
While his cheek is mantled with man
And the pathway of life looks bright,
He is brought In a moment to face the
Surrounding the final night.
He buoyantly sails o'er a sunlit sea.
And Is dashed on an unseen coast
goes down at the helm
TUI the ship
The man who dies at his post.
Who follows the glorious tide of war.
And falls in the midst of fight,
He knows that honor will hover o'er
And cover his name with light;
Bible Still in Demand
On Wednesday, March 7, 1804, "a
numerous and respectable meeting of
persons of various denominations"
was held at the London tavern, and a
society formed "to promote the circu
lation of the holy scriptures In the
principal living languages."
At that time the Bible, or portions
of it, could be obtained in about forty
living languages, spoken by two-tenths
of the race,
since the meeting at the London tav
adjourned, and very largely from
the machinery then and there start
ed, the scriptures have been trans
lated into 460 languages and dialects,
understood by seven-tenths of the
By the London society alone 180,
000,000 copies have been distributed
at an expense of $70,000,000. If to
this total is added the 70,000,000
eopies already distributed by the
During the century
1 en some years ago by a wise father
| to his grandiloquent son at college:
I "In promulgating your esoteric cogi
j tations or articulating superficial sen*
timentalities and philosophical or
psychological observations, beware of
platitudinous ponderosity. Let your
conversation possess clarified concise
ness, compacted 'comprehensibleness,
coalescent consistency and concatinat
ed cerency. Eschew all conglomera
tions, flatulent garrulity, jejune bable
ruent and asinine affectations,
"Let your extemporaneous descant
ings and unpremeditated expatiations
have intelligibility without rhodo
montade or thrasonical bombast. Sedu
lously avoid all polysyllabical profun
dity, pompous prolixity and ventrilo
quial verbosity. Shun double entendre
and prurient jocosity, whether obscure
or apparent. In other words, speak
truthfully, naturally, clearly, purely,
and don't use big words."
policy bequeathed by his ancestors.
Following that policy, the Consti
tution was drawn up with close ad
herence to and careful preservation
of the fundamental principle of the
imperial government from time im
In form, however, it is similar to
western constitutions, with this dif
ference, that the text of our consti
tutions contains only the fundamental
principles of state—namely, the pre
rogatives of the Emperor; the rights
and duties of the people; the powers
of Parliament; the powers and duties
of ministers of state and judiciary and
These are all embodied in seventy
six articles. Matters of detail, such,
for example, as provisions relating to
the rules and proceedings of members,
the national budget, etc., are separat
ed from articles enunciating funda
mental principles, and are embodied
in laws supplementary to the consti
tution and enacted at the same time,
He stammered through a few sen
tences, hesitated, made another at
tempt and came to a dead stop.
"What's the use, brethren?" he said,
sitting down. "I can't preach!"
Brother Thompson saw that the
case was one in which heroic meas
ures were necessary.
"Young man," he whispered sternly
in his ear, "you get up again and
preach that sermon or I'll take you
out in the grove after this meeting is
over and give you a hard spanking, as
sure as your name is Smith!"
An electric shock could not have
operated quicker. Brother Smith rose
to his feet again, his hesitation all
gone, and in ringing tones he
preached a sermon that is still re
membered by aged survivors of that
old time congregation as the most
fervid and eloquent discourse they
ever heard so young a man deliver.—
But he who passes unsung, unknown,
He hears no applauding host;
He goes in the dark to his fate, alone.
The man who dies at his post.
Who bears with disease while death
Who faces his fate each day,
to comfort and help and
His comrades along the way—
Who follows his work while he yet may
And smiles when he suffers most,
It seems to me Is a hero true—
The man who dies at his post.
There are plenty to laud and crown with
The hero who falls In strife,
But few who offer a word of praise
To the crownless hero of life,
He does his duty and makes no claim;
And to-night I propose a toast
To the silent martyr unknown to fame.
The man who dies at his post.
—Liverpool (Eng.) Mercury.
American Bible society and
the unknown millions printed and sold
by private enterprise 300,000,000
copies of the scriptures, in whole or
separate books or portions, have gone
into circulation during the last cen
Amazement attends the study of the
Bible, whatever the point of view or
the course pursued. But nothing
about the Bible is more amazing than
its continuous, universal and utterly
unparalleled popularity. In nearly
every, If not every, country on earth
where books are sold more Bibles are
sold than any other book. Last year
the British and Foreign Bible society
alone distributed 6,943,775 copies, the
majority by sale, in 370 languages,
covering every part of the globe. And
the Issue by the American society for
the year amounted to 1,993,558 Bibles
Little Mollie's Dream.
'T dreamed." said little Molly,
With face alight.
And voice awe-filled yet joyous,
"I dreamed last night
"That I went 'way off somewhere
And there I found
Green grass and trees and flowers.
All growing round.
"For all the signs, wherever
We had to pass,
Said: 'Please' (yes, really truly)
'Keep on the grass!'
"And in the beds of flowers
Along the walks,
Among the pinks or pansies
Or lily stalks, «
"Were signs: 'Pick all the flowers
You wish to,' child;
And I dreamed that the policeman
Looked down and smiled!"
SIMPLE HOME-MADE CANOE.
Materials Are Cheap and Any Ingeni
ous Boy Can Build One.
To those of you who have never
tried, it seems as a big undertaking tc
build a boat of any description, but let
me tell you about this one, and you
will see it is not difficult—more than
that, you boys need not be stopped by
a few difficulties, even if there were
The boy who starts out to build any
thing for himself and builds it well,
is very likely to be the boy who, in
later years will make his way in the
world. And the boy who builds a boat
is far and away ahead of the boy who
The boat that you build and paint
and name yourself will bring you
more fun to the minute than the boy
who doesn't build one is likely to have
In his entire boyhood.
To begin with, when you make up
your mind to build a boat, remember
that its first requisite is safety. If
you love boating, you love perhaps the
noblest and cleanest of all sports, a
sport that will, if you follow it out,
„ a 2
make'you strong and manly. But nev
er venture to "trust to luck"; be per
fectly sure your boat will not sink,
even if it does turn over.
Get a smooth board one and one
fourth inches thick, two inches wide
and twelve feet long for the keel, two
strips one and one-fourth inches wide
by one-half inch thick and thirteen
and one-half feet long for side strips,
some barrel hoops, a piece of canvas,
galvanized nails, a few brass screws,
some carpet tacks (large size), and
two boards for the stem and stern
inches high and as thick as the keel
boards—those made of elm or ash are
the best. Get a rough pine board
thirty inches long and eleven inches
wide for the "mold.' A saw, a chisel,
a hammer, a gimlet and a screw-driver
are all that you will need in the way
of tools. Cut out yours stem and stern
posts alike and mortise them into posi
tion on the keel, as shown in Fig. 1.
After fitting them, round them off
alike, as shown in the drawing, so as
to give the canoe a sharp entrance
through the water.
Now cut out the rabbet in both stem
and stern pieces (the rabbet is just a
notch cut deep enough to allow the
side strip to lie flush when it Is bent
around the "mold" and fastened into
place (Fig. 2). There will be four of
These posts must be fifteen
these notches altogether. Now fasten
your "mold" (Fig. 3) in place in the
middle, tacking it lightly on the keel.
Fasten the two side strips to one end
temporarily, bend them around the
"mold" to the other end, and fasten
them into place permanently with
screws. Always be sure to bore holes
In the strips before putting in your
screws, or they may cause the strips
Now take the ribs—the barrel hoops
(they should be the flat kind, -not
those covered with bark)—and nail
them eight inches apart all along the
upper side of the keel, or what will
be the inside of your canoe. Bend the
ends of the ribs up to the outside of
the side strips, nail them fast and saw
off the ends. Some of the hoops will
break toward the stern, but that does
not matter (Fig. 4).
Clench ail nails, and always bore
holes before driving them in. Take out
the mold, and measure for the canvas,
which should be the heavy kind.
To measure for the canvas, fasten a
string on the under inside of the side
strip at the widest part of the canoe,
and pass it under and around the
canoe to the under inside of the op
posite side strip. This will give you
the widest point in the middle. Meas
ure your canoe in several places in the
same way. Then measure the length
of your canoe, allowing three inches
longer. Lay these measurements on
the floor, and cut your canvas (Fig. 6).
Now place the canoe bottom side up
on any wooden supports, tack the can
vas in place exactly in the middle, on
the stem and stern posts, and pull it
taut with the center line of the can
vas. Begin amidships and drive the
tacks two inches apart along the in
side of the side strips (Fig 5), then
drive tacks in the alternate two-inch
spaces along the outside of the side
strips, always pulling the canvas tight
ly. Tack it firmly around the stem
and stern posts. Fasten a light board
one-half inch thick in the bottom for
a floor. Make fast with screws from
the outside two pine braces across
from the side strips, three and one
half feet from either end—this will
insure the canoe keeping its shape,
and your boat is nearly finished.
Now procure some empty cigar
boxes, and fasten down the lids tightly
all around, then cover them with light
canvas, and give them a coat of paint,
so that they may be water tight. They
are now air chambers. Fill a space
two and one-half feet in the stem and
stern with these boxes, holding them
in place by tacking pieces of light can
vas completely over the ends of the
canoe inside. Thus your canoe is
made practically unsinkable.
Give the whole a coat of linseed oil
and two coats of paint, a name and a
safety rope fastened at intervals all
around the entire canoe on the outside,
and with very little effort you will
have for your very own a charming
canoe, exactly like the one shown in
Some appropriate names for canoes
are The Red Rover (painted red), The
Escape, The Spy, The Hiawatha, The
Sea Fairy, The Nautilus, but of course
most boys need no help for a name
for a canoe.
The safety rope is most Important,
and should be securely fastened at
short intervals entirely around the
canoe. The best of canoes will some
times tip about In the most surprising
way, and the safety rope Is easy to
catch hold of If the canoe Is bottom
It will not be long before the ambi
tious boy will want to rig a sail for
his boat. Well, this can be done even
in so light a craft as a canvas canoe,
but good advice to the boldest and the
bravest of you in all matters of boat
ing is "Go slowly, feel your way, and
learn all the lessons you can in cau
tion and carefulness." Above all else,
before you attempt to sail, a boat of
any kind whatsoever, be sure to learn
how to swim.—Tom Bolling Cabell.
the canoe complete.
They Understood Weather.
The Temple of the Winds aAi ^
ens shows the knowledge the^ncient
Greeks had of the weather (Sat came
when the wind blew fro^f different
points of the compass. It is a little
marble tower with eight sides, which
built to face the eight, principal
On each side of the temple is
carved a human figure that pictures
the character and qualities of the par
ticular wind it faces.
The north wind is represented as
warmly dressed, blowing on a
trumpet made of a seasheil to show
that it brought booming cold weather.
The northeast wind, which then, as
now, brings cold, snow and sleet or
hail, is figured by an old man with a
cruel face, who is rattling siingstones
in a shield, an action that brings to
mind the noise and power of hail
The east wind, which brings to
Atheps rain for growing crops, is ex
pressed by the image of a young man
with flowing hair and open face, hav
ing his loopedup mantle tilled with
fruit, honeycomb and corn.
The west wind is indicated by the^^
figure of a slightly clad and beautiful
youth with his lap full of flowers.
And so on with the winds from all
around the compass. Each has its
qualities written in stone by the,
ancient Grecian sculptors.
Reading these pictures of different
kinds of weather and comparing them
with the records of to-day, the mod
ern scientist learns that the climate of
Greece has not changed enough to
make any great difference, so far as
the v/inds are concerned, for more
than twenty centuries.
When Water Blooms.
Any one who has ever been at any
of the lakes in the middle and north
' of the United States will know that
at a certain time of July or August thejs.
are said to "flower."
Fishermen are particularly well ac
quainted with this fact, for at such
times very few fish can be induced to
take the hook.
In some lakes nothing can be seen
when they are "flowering" except by *
the natives, who know from the ap
pearance of the water. But in other ^
lakes the water becomes quite thick
and yellow, seeming muddy or tawny
in some parts and a clear gold in
This "flowering" of the lakes is
what the name denotes, although mat
of the inhabitants of the lake shor^.^.
do not know what it is and cannot ex-*
pjain it, except by the vague state
ment that at a certain time of mid
summer the lakes "seem to work."
The "flowering" is a real flowering.
It is due to the blossoming of a water /
plant which lives under the surface
all year long till the times for flower- \
Ing, when it rises toward the top and
throws off myriads of small golden
yellow spheres which fill the water.
it is said that folk should turn over
whatever money they happen to have
in their pocket at the time. A gold
coin means plenty of cash for the t
next year; silver means the owner
will always have enough; copper
that he will never run short of
If the bird is heard on the ^
When the cuckoo's cry is first heard
right, that is believed to be lucky
if on the left, unlucky. In Scotianfi
the cuckoo is thought to address his
first song to the farmers. In Den
mark every girl asks it when she is to
be married, and every old and feebler*
person when he will be freed from thft
burden of life, and the number of
times the bird sings "cuckoo" indi
cates the number of years In each
case. This superstitious notion also
exists in England, France and Ger
But the only solid fact about
many ' ,
the cry is that it Is a sure sign that
summer has come at last.
Value of Maple.
useful as well as
gome trees are
ornamental, and the maple is one of
them. Of its wood the best charcoal
is made. Its young shoots are so
tough that they use them as whips in
France. As it stands cutting and
trimming well It Is good both for
hedges and for the strange devices .of
the tree gardener. When gathered
green and dried the leaves and tender
shoots make winter food for eatUe^
Then it yields sugar, two American^
kinds being especially valuable in thre
respect Perhaps it is best known and
admired as a furniture wood, beowse-*
of its fine grain and beautiful veins,
and the lovely pC'sh it takes. The
old Romans made caeir best tables or
it, and the French employ It largely
for articles turned in the lathe.
bowls, or alms-dLshes, used to be
out of the knotty roots, highly P«#>7
ed, and silver-mounted. % J
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