Newspaper Page Text
Lv if^ / IW \ I Miss Nellie Holmes, treasurer" of the Young Woman's Temper ance Association of Buffalo, N.Y strongly advises ail suffering women to rely, as she (fid, up on Lydia E. Pinkham's Vege table Compound. " Dear Mrs. Pinkham : •* Your med icine is indeed an ideal woman's medi cine, and by far the best I know to restore lost health and strength. I Buffered misery for several years, being troubled with menorrhagia. My back ached, I had bearing-down pains and frequent headaches.'*I would often wake from restful sleep, and in such pain that I suffered for hours before I could go to sleep again. I dreaded the long nights as much as the weary days. I consulted two different physicians, hoping to get relief but, finding that their medicine did not seem to cure me. I tried your Vegetable Compound on the recommendation of a friend from the East who was visiting me. " I am glad that I followed her ad vice. for every ache and pain is gone, and not only this, but my general health is much improved. I have a fine appetite and have gaiped in flesh. My earnest advice to suffering women is to put aside all other medicines and to take Lydia E. Pinkham's Vege table Compound." — Miss Nellib Holmes, 540 No. Division St., Buffalo, N. Y. — $5000forfeit iforiainai of above letter prtb genuineness cannot be produced. Now's the time To Buy Stocks It la a known faot to everyone that gilt-edged securities have deollned from Twenty to Fifty Dollars per share in the past twelve months. The market now is stagnant. What will be the next movement? Up or down? Up. sure as you are a foot high. Buy now, while stocks are on the bottom. Send for our book of information ("System of Specu lation" ) and Dally Market tatter, mailed free upon application. CUMMINCS COMMISSION CO. ' BROKERS . Continuous Quotations on New York Stocks and Chicago Grain. Members Salt Lake Stock and Mining Exchange' 209-210-211-212 O. F. WALKER BLDG SALT LAKE CITY. UTAH All Hallows College SALT LAKE CITY, UTAH BOARDING AND DAY SCHOOL STUDIES RESUMED SEPTEMBER 7th Minim, Primary, Academic, Col lege and University departments. Special attention to Science, Mathematics, Music and Com mercial branches. Courses In Hebrew and Syrlo - Chaldalc, Physical Culture, Military Drill. Students are prepared for West Point, Annapolis and all depart ments of the Civil Service. A com plete corps of able and experi enced professors. A limited number of private rooms, for which application should be made early. For further particu lars, call on. or write to the Very Rev. President. SALT LAKE PHOTO SUPPLY CO. ; - ■ =■■■ ! Successor to t Warwick Photo Supply Co. EXCLUSIVE Photographic Dealers WRIT! FOR OATALOGUR 8rd south and main, salt lake city MUSIC 5,000 COPIES STANDARD PIECES. 10 COPIES (postpaid) SI.OO. Send to-day for cat alogue. Alao won- DIANne direct from factory, dertul bargains In • innve a. big laying to you. Write nt once for catalogue and prlcea. Mando lins, Outturn, Strings and Fltti THE McKANNON BROS. MUSIC CO. 8283 Washington Ave. ng». Ogden, Utah. R. H. OFFICER & CO., A3SAYERS AND CHEMISTS Salt lake Citj, Dial JOHN OGDEN ASSAY CO. $1.00 each Samples by mail receive prompt attention. Placer Gold, Retorts and Rich Ores Bought. 1725 Arapahoe St. Any two..$1.60 Any three 2.00 DENVER,COLO Aii.yer and Chemist Howard E. Barton, Specimen prices, Gold, Silver, Lead, II; Gold. *11 verTto; Gold,Wo; Zlno or Copper, II, cyanide Met*. Mailing enTelopee and full prfee It.* ••«*<« ■WjJJ .atlon. Control and Umpire work eollotted. taad wlile, Colo. Keferenoe, Carbonate Mat 1 Bank. Kindly Mention This Paper. When Answering Advertisements W. N. U.. Salt Lake-No. 32. 1904. T agj, I In time. Bo ld by druggist*. | aggEECisnEia XSIi BAD TRAITS OF AFRICANS. Hunter Makes Sweeping Indictment ot Native Tribe. A hunter of big game in Africa gives a description of a tribe of tives,' he says, "live in the swamps, their staple article of diet being fish and flour made from the seed of the water lily, although during the ralna they grow patches of cassava root and sweet potatoes at the edge of the swamp. They smear their bodies with mud to protect them from mosquitoes and are extremely dirty and evil smelling in consequence. They are very low down In the scale of hu manity and have a bad reputation among tribes living on the high ground, which reputation they upheld during our visit. We engaged several Watwa natives as carriers, but they only came to see what they could steal. One day 1 shot a reed buck in sight of the camp and left two Watwa to carry it in while I went after a hartbeest, but I never saw either men or buck again. It was no use following them into the swamps, as they knew every inch of the ground and water. They had small canoes hidden everywhere, and immediately they crossed a stream they sunk the canoe again where they alone knew where to find It. na Our boys wer« afraid to follow them, as they used poisoned arrows, and sometimes sel poisoned stakes in the tracks leading to their haunts." OUTFIT OF TIBETAN DANDY. Resembles a Pouter Pigeon in a Short Skirt The Tibetan young man of fashion wears his pigtail like the Chinese, and would be lost without his native girdle. This is a complete multum In parvo, at once his arsenal, his pipe rack, and his treasury. In it he car ries all that is really dear to his soul. The smart tailor of the locality makes his great coat with huge bulging breasts, which he stuffs out with wool, balls of barley dough, and other odds and ends that are necessary to a half nomad existence. As he walks he !a„ks like a pouter pigeon In a short skirt. He Is an Industrious person in a way, for he always carries a distaff in his belt with his other weapons, and as he goes he spins upon it like a perambulating woolen mill. Arriving at a Verdict. Kushequa, Pa., Aug. 1.—(Special)— In this section of Pennsylvania there is a growing belief that for such Kid ney Diseases as Rheumatism and Lame Back there is only one sure cure and that is Dodd's Kidney Pills. This belief grows from such cases as that of Mrs. M. L. Davison of this place. She tells the story herself as follows: "I have suffered from Rheumatism for thirty years and find that Dodd's Kidney Pills have done me more good than any medicine I have ever taken. I was also bothered with Lame Back and I can only say that my back hasn't bothered me since I took Dodd's Kidney Pills." Considering that Mrs. Davison only took two boxes of Dodd's Kidney Pills, the result would be considered won derful if it were not that others are reporting similar results daily. Kushe qua is fast arriving at a verdict that "Dodd's Kidney Pills are the one sure cure for Rheumatism." Cherokee Chiefs' Portraits. Arranged upon the walls in the ex ecutive offices in the capitol building in Tahlequah, are the portraits of near ly all the Cherokee chiefs who have ruled since the time of John Ross, who was principal chief for forty con secutive years. I am sure Plso's Cure for Consumption saved my life three years ago.—Mas. Thos. Robbins Maple Street, Norwich, N. Y., Feb. 17,1000. Water in Grass. The amount of water given off by acre of grass is estimated at thir ty hogsheads 3 day. About 300 parts, by weight, of water pass through a plant to one part fixed and assimilat ed In its tissues. ail FLOUR OGDEN'S BEST -AND PHOEPIX HIQH PATENT MADE BY 06DEN MILLIN6 & ELEVATOR Cu. OGDEN, UTAH. ■WNM MICROTINE. A positive cure for catarrh, cold in the head, hay fever, headache and all bronchial affections. Aak Your Druggist for It. 8END FOR FREE 8AMPLE. MOUNTAIN TEA MEDICINE CO., 272 Ninth Street, San Francisco. Cal. m nilCV Cl V Mil I CD destroys all the flies and UAIOI iLI MLltn affords comfort to every home—In dining-room, sleeping-room and places where —--- flies are trouble I some. Clean, neat | and will not so!lor Injure anything. Try them once and you will never be wlthoutthem.Ifnot kept by dealers.sent prepaid for 20c. , HAROLD SOBERS, JO DeKalb Amu. f firookl/a, 5. Y. ALFALFA SEED BAILEY & 8ON8 61 E. Second South SL, Salt Lake City ere headquarters for the beet quality Alfalfa Seeds; also Grass and Oarden Seeds, Grain Hay, etc. In seed buelneae 40 yean. Mail order* given special attention. Kindly Mention This Paper. When Answering Advertisement* Must Be Well Shod All military men are agreed that the feet of soldiers must be in good con dition in order that they can fulfill their duties efficiently. No troops the feet of whose members generally are not sound are able to carry on a long campaign successfully. Wellington and many other celebrated genarals have insisted upon the neces sity of soldiers being suitably shod. Indeed, good food and good feet are two most essential points in deter mining the issue of a war. The Japanese, according to all re ports, is In almost every respect an ideal soldier. He is brainy, enduring, strong, and, moreover, is able to thrive on a diet which would mean almost starvation to fanaticism, and, as is well known, fanatics have ever been most redoubtable fighters. But he has a weakness, and, in the opinion of Dr. Martignon, late resident phy sician to the French embassy in Pek in, a fatal weakness—his feet are de fective. His body is of iron, but his feet are of clay. The British Medical Journal, May 14, referring to this matter, gives an apropos quotation from Rudyard Kip ling. That writer, in "My Lord the Elephant," put into the mouth of one of his characters, Mulvaney, the witty Irishman, these words, "I had a boot Napoleon, Schooldays and Blue Eyes Ah, little old red schoolliouse on the hill! In freckled days, In cowlick days of yore My heart it used to bump and jump and thrill When I was called to mount the plat form floor. A little maiden used to pose sedate, Her seat It was the first one front, you know, Her eyes they dazed me while I ranted great About Demosthenes or Cleero. She used to wear a pretty tucker gown, Twas trimmed with pink about her dainty neck, Her golden hair In pigtails hanging down. Ah, me, that vision sent my heart awreck! But, heavens! how I used to tremble then, The while her eyes they bored me through and through! I used to march a hundred thousand men In quavering before those eyes of blue, And when my mighty effort had been made And I went marching back unto my seat, To my dismay I saw her eyes they strayed Down to the region ot my clutt'ring feet. There, from the vantage of my royal throne, I'd note how very nicely and precise The pretty golden pigtails they had grown, For I was brave—behind my pM^dise. Antitoxin for Hay Fever The real cause of hay fever, that disagreeable and puzzling form of summer affliction, is claimed to have been discovered by the bureau of plant industry of the department of agri culture. To be more correct, the dis covery was not made by this bareau, but its experts have confirmed a theo ry as to the cause of this disease put forward by a German investigator. Some time ago word was received here that a German scientist named Dunbar had found a hay fever toxin and as he declared that the disease was occasioned by the pollen of grasses the matter naturally fell un der the supervision of the bureau of plant industry. The officials of that bureau proceeded to follow up Dun bar's theory with the intention of pub lishing the curative formula. The in vestigations of the bureau were con ducted in connection with a New York hospital. It was found that hay fever Is brought on by a species of blood poi soning. A substance contained in the Victim of Book Agent Senator W. A. Clark detests nothing more than to be interrupted when busy. One day he was In his office engaged In a business conversation when a petite woman carrying a black bag entered. With a compelling smile and an insinuating manner she ap proached the surly millionaire. Ut terly Insensible to his repellent mood and Indifferent to his abrupt manner, she drew from the depths of the bag a handsomely bound volume, the merits and beauties of which she be gan to eloquently descant upon. Falling to embarrass her with arc tic rigidity and impatient at her per sistence under rebuffs all but vulgar he turned suddenly upon the chatter ing woman and asked; "Madame, do you know what my time is worth?" She confessed it was a conundrum. "Well," he said, petulantly, "it's worth $30 an hour!" He turned away with the air of one who had settled the matter definitely beyond any further controversy. But he didn't know the woman. Whistler Always an Artist. Mortimer Menpes, long a close asso ciate of Whistler, thus describes that famous artist: "In appearance Whis tler was slight, small-boned and ex tremely dainty. He seemed always to have a sparkling air about him. His complexion was very bright Mid fresh; gall, but I was all for keepin' up wid the rig'ment and such like foolishness, so I finished up wid a hole in my heel that you cud ha' dhrew a tent-peg into. preached that to recruits since, for a warning to them to look after their feet. Our dochtor, who knew our business as well as his ow*n. he sez to me—in the middle of the Tangt Pass It was—'That's sheer damned carelessness,' sez he; 'how often have I told you that a marchin' man is no stronger than his feet—his feet—his teet!' sez he." The feet of the Japanese are not naturally weaker or worse than the feet of other Orientals—probably bet ter—but the authorities, in their zeal to copy accurately the equipment of European infantry, have shod their soldiers in thick heavy boots, and have in this respect overshot the mark. The Japanese have been ac customed for generations to wear san dals, paper shoes, or those made of a soft material, or to go barefooted. Thus to put persons not used to hav ing their feet restrained into heavy leather boots was an experiment not altogether in accord with the high in telligence displayed by the Japanese authorities in all other matters relat ing to war.—Medical Record. Faith, how often have I Ah, me! There came a day of parting there. The schooldays they are ended and the tune Of life It borq a somber sounding air— Long- years ago one afternoon in June Arid I was standing In the same old spot. With eyes fixed on a pretty maiden trim. Each pulse within my being throbbing hot. While I declaimed with more than wonted vim. Ah, me! The sweetness of the school house bell! My eyes they hear your calling notes again. Anon I'm trooping at your beck and spell With kindred spirits down the shady lane. The clover flower's spilling on the air The essence of its sweetness and per fume, And by my side a maiden wanders there Along the fields of sunshine and of bloom. Fond memory recalls the winding ways. The daisy chain, the sunny brook that flows, Each throb and thrill of childish rounde lays, The grapevine swing, the bralr path, the rose, Ah! sweeter to my heart than all the rest Of life's delightful pleasures of the old Was one who laid her head upon my breast And whispered—what? have told. I never yet —New York Sun. pollen of grasses is thrown off during the summer months and, being inhal ed, is deposited on the mucous mem brane of the nose. It then dissolves and is absorbed in the blood, offending particles do not come from roses, sneeze weeds or golden rod, as if generally supposed. They escape •Tom various kinds of flowering grasses. It was found that by inject ing this toxic material into the blood of a healthy person it would bring on a well-developed case of hay fever. By injecting the same material into the blood of a goat or horse the ex perts obtained an antitoxin after the fashion that other antitoxins are se cured. Just as the officials of the bureau of plant industry had about established the accuracy of the claims of the Ger man scientists and was preparing to make the process public word was re ceived that Dunbar had patented his process. was dropped by the government.— Washington Letter in Brooklyn Eagle. The Consequently the matter "Oh, I'm so grateful to you, Mr. Clark," she replied with a tone of pathos in her voice. "Thirty dollars an hour, did you say?" "Yes; that's what I said, and it's cheap at that,'' and he smiled cynic ally. "Oh, I know it is dirt cheap," she chirruped with winsome blitheness. "I am so glad you told me—" rum maging In her reticule, from which she quickly fished out a purse gorged with currency. Moving near to the astonished millionaire, who now re garded her movements with unfeigned curiosity, she counted two bills, a ten and a five, off the roll. The'ie she pushed along the top of the .linping desk toward him and said: I'm glad you told me, because I hadn't expected to get it so cheap. There is $15. Now, I want a half hour of your uninterrupted attention while I talk to you about this book." Clark pushed back the money and subscribed and paid for two copies of tne book.—Pittsburg Dispatch. 'Yes, his eyes were keen and brilliant and his hair, when I knew him, was, save for one snowy lock, of a glossy raven black. His dress was quaint and a lit t?Ie different from that of other men and his whole appearance, even his deportment, was studied from the ar tistic standpoint." CHIEF OF POLICE SAVED. Newberry, S. C.—W. H. Harris, Chief of Police, of Newberry, says: "1 suffered for a number of years with kidney complaint. There was a dull aching across the small of my back that was worse at night and made me feel miserable all the time. The kidney secretions were dark and full of sediment, and lack of control compelled me to rise a number of times during the night. Between this annoyance and the backache it was impossible for me to get much sleep and my health was being undermined. I tried a number of remedies, but nothing helped me until 1 got Doan's Kidney Pills. The use of this remedy according to directions promptly brought about a change for the better After using two boxes the backache all left me, the kidney secretions cleared up and the action of the kid neys became normal." A FRRE TRIAL of this great kid ney medicine which cured Chief Har ris will be mailed to any part of the United States. Address Foster-Mil burn Co., Buffalo, N. Y. Sold by all dealers; price fifty cents per box. CURSE THAT 'WAS EFFECTIVE. Lafcadlo Hearn Tells Story of Japa nese Superstition. In one of his recent stories Lafcadlo Hearn deals with a singular supersti tion in Japan. A woman had, accord ing to a very common custom in Ja pan, given her mirror to go into the melting pot to make a bell for a Bud dhist temple. After she had given it she remembered that it had been her mother's and her grandmother's, and that it must iiave reflected a good many happy smiles. So she regretted giving it. She longed for the chance of stealing it back, but it never came. As the mirror was given grudgingly it would not melt. She was sure that everybody must know who had done such a dreatyul thing as to grudge a gift to a temple, so she drowned her self, leaving a farewell letter contain ing these words: "When I am dead, It will not be difficult to melt the mir ror and to cast the bell. But, to the person who breaks that bell by ring ing it, great wealth will be taken by the ghoat of me." This wns a magni ficently effective curse, because every body tried to ring the bell till It should break. The priests were driven to the verge of madness by the ringing and threw It Into a swamp, so that nobody could ring it any more. Worship of the Successful. While the world is generally con vinced that it is only the already suc cessful person who can be of any use, it must put up with having a very con siderable amount of sham success foisted on it. "Why ever did you trust the defendant with all these goods?" a judge asked a plaintiff. "You should have seen how he was d,ressed, and the jewelry he wore, your honor!" re plied the too-confiding "That was the very reason why he should not be able to pay you—If he had Bpont his money In those things," remarked the judge severely. But the world will not see it in that way." "Quick as Thought." "Quick as thought" is not -very quick. While a light wave would travel around the equator m a second a nerve wave makes but about 100 feet a second. merchant. BUNCH TOGETHER Coffee Has a Curious Way of Finally Attacking Some Organ. Ails that come from coffee are cumulative, that is, unless the coffee is taken away new troubles are con tinually appearing and the old ones get worse. "To begin with," says a Kansan, "I was a slave to coffee just as thou sands of others to-day; thought I could not live without drinking strong coffee every morning for breakfast and I had sick headaches that kept me in bed several days every month. Could hardly keep my food on my stomach but would vomit as long as I could throw anything up and when I could get hot coffee to stay on my stomach I thought I was better. "Well, two years ago this spring I was that sick with rheumatism I could not use my right arm to do any thing, had heart trouble, was nerv ous. My nerves were all unstrung and my fingor nails and tips were blue as if I had a chill all the time and my face and hands yellow as a pumpkin. My doctor said it was heart disease and rheumatism and neighbors said I had Bright's disease and was going to die. "Well, I did not know what earth was the matter and every morn ing would drag myself out of bed and go to breakfast, not to eat anything, but to force down some more coffee. Then in a little while I would be so nervous, ray heart would beat like everything. "Finally one morning I told my hus band I believed coffee was the cause of this trouble and that I thought I would try Postum which I had'seen advertised. He said 'All right' so we got Postum and although I did not like it at first I got right down to business and made it according to directions, then it was fine and the whole family got to using It and I tell you It has worked wonders for me. Thanks to Postum In place of the poison, coffee, I now enjoy good health, have not been in bed with sick headache for two years although I had It for 30 years before I began Postum and my nerves are now strong and I have no trouble from my heart or from the rheumatism. ray on "I consider Postum a necessary ar ticle of food on my table. My friends who come here and taste my Postum say it is delicious." Name given by Postum Co., Battle Creek, Mich. Get the hook, "The Road to WeU vllle" In each pkg. IN THE MIKADO'S EMPIRE. Traveling la Not Altogether an Un* Mixed Delight. A lady traveling In Japan gives th* following sketch of an inn at which she stopped: "The landlord and hia wife and the servants all come to tails to you and when you Inform the com pany that you are sleepy and want your bed laid, everybody says at once^ 'Honorable bed augustly is It?' but no* body does anything, and when at lad you have achieved your desire yofl have to force apart, in defiance of poj lice regulations, the wooden shutter* which hermetically seal the house, ■ order to avoid being smothered wltB the fumes of charcoal and human*. A*, soon as things are quiet enough rati chase over the rooms and generally over you as well, and sometime* bit* you. One o'clock in the morning, Id the old Japanese reckoning, was called 'the hour of the rat.' doubtless for this reason. And all night long the watolM man sounds bis rattle to show that M is attending to his duties. You hav* to be up with the cock to get the flrrt go at the bath, which is only filled once, and the wash hand basin, whleht is only as large as a cake tin, Is aid ways kept in the veranda." i $100 Reward, $100. The reader* of tin* paper win he pleased ItiNfll that there In at leant cue dreaded disease thatfatCQlB has been able to cure In all Its stage#, and that 11 Catarrh. Hall's ( atarrh ( are Is the 'only poaftlrfl cure uow known to the medical fraternity, Catftrra being a constitutional disease, requires a constitu tional treatment. Hall's Catarrh Cure is taken !&4 temally. acting directly upon the blood and mucous surfaces of the system, thereby destroying tha foundation of the disease, and giving the patten^ strength by bulUHug up the constitution and assist ing nature In doing Its work. The proprietors hav# so much faith in Its curat.ve powers that they offer One Hundred Dollars for any case that It falls to cure. Send for list of testimonials, Address F- J CHKNKY & CO.. Toledo, O. Sold by all Druggists. 15c. Take Hail's Family Fills for constipation. Buddhist Superstition*. Japanese Buddhists have a word, "nazoraeru," which is translated by the dictionaries as "to imitate," but it has the esoteric meaning of "to sub stitute in imagination one object or action for another, so as to bring about some magical or miraculous re sult." An example of this is laying a pebble before the Image of Buddha to show that you would like to build a temple In his honor If you were rich enough, and making a bookcase re volve which contains the 6,711 vol umes of the Buddhist canon, and ear nestly wishing that you had time to read them, by which you acquire the same merit in the eyes of heaven aa if you did read them. The bookcase 1* fitted with a kind of capstan for th* purpose. Mrs. Window's Soothing Ryrnp. Tor children teething, softens the gums, reduces tV» fUmnuttluu, alluye pstn, cures wind collu. 25c* buttle. Eccentric Grave Digger. An eccentric Shropshire, England, sexton, who has just died at an ad vanced age, had been for over sixty* one years connected with Wellington parish church as gravedigger and sex ton. The man had never ridden In a train or any other kind of vehicle. Important to Mothers. Examine cnrefully every bottle of CASTORIA, a safe and sure remedy for infanta and children, and see that it Bears the Signature of In VIbo For Over 30 Yuan, The Kind Yon Have Always Bought. AT THE AGE OF 13. Interesting Relic of Musician Liszt Discovered in Paris. An interesting relic of Liszt has been recovered at Paris. At the age of 13 he composed "Don Sanche," the libretto of which was written by The auion, who, In the course of his career, was the author of 250 pieces for the stage, and by De Ranee, who Is not known to have made any other effort in dramatic literature. After four pern formances "Don Sanche" retired lnt* the obscurity which befalls the major ity of literary and musical efforts. Th# MS. was believed to have been de stroyed in the fire at the Rue Lepsl letier, but M. Jean Chantavoine has found the score in the Blbliotheque de l'Opera. It fills two volumes and con tains in all 837 pages. Apparently "Don Sanche" is not a very original production. The music even of Llsat at the age of 13 could hardly be more than an echo. Nor does the libretto exhibit any great amount of novelty, for the theme is taken from a tale bj| j Florian who calls it Portuguese;. j Excellent Opportunity to Arrange for Your Reception at 8t. Louis, During the Fair, Free. if you intend going to the l^ouisians Purchase Exposition. St. Louis, Mis souri, opened by President Roosevelt April 30th, 1904, it will be very much to your advantage to correspond with Mr. F. H. Worsiey, No. 411 Dooley block. Salt Lake City, Utah. Mr. Worsiey has arranged to have all Cji his parties met at the St. Louis depot and escorted to their lodgings, which will be reserved in advance. Information relative to passenger rates, stop-overs, ticket limits, hotel rates and all other necessary informa- j tion asked for will be cheerfully given j free of charge. This will especially be of benefit t.o those desiring to travel with Utah parties or in parties of four I or five. School teachers will alao j hear something to their interest* by I writing above party. I Sought Death but Found Life. A soldier who served under Gen. Wolfe In the campaign resulting in thg fall of Quebec was dying of an absces* 'Well," said he, j in one of his lungs. "a* I am to die, I will die In battle,* and he insisted on Joining the firing line. Very soon he got a bullet throng), the lungs. The bullet pierced the abt ■cess at the psychological moment and drained it. The surgeons were able easily to cure the bullet wound, and the soldier lived for many a yea* afterward.