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IN THE SHADOW OF THE GERMAN IRON CROSS
* i ■r A' I fi ~7 ? § HI A I "I HI V' I eveet nan I vom, in THE SO-CALLED | DEMOCRATIC STATE TICKET? f ISA NONPARTISAN LEAGUE CANDIDATE t S VITAL CHANGES IN BEET INDUSTRY Future Beet Crop Requires Less Seed, Less Thin ning, Less Hand Labor to Harvest, and Will Pay Better Returns IMPROVEMENTS AND INVENTIONS After all the mishaps that befall the beet crop this year in Bingham county, the beet crop is pretty good. Between late spring frosts and lack of spring shpwers, there was a poor stand, and many fields were re planted or sowed to .grain. Autumn frosts were very late in coming, and this favored the ripening process of the late grain, and it also added greatly to the beet tonnage and sugar content. The fields of thin beets have taught people a valuable lesson this year; a lesson that has been advo cated thru this paper, but not gen erally taken very seriously. Some of our best beet growers, A. H. Hale in particular, have advocted having beet rows twenty-eight or thirty inches apart, and the beets about twenty inches apart in the raws, claiming that they grow so much larger due to the abundant leaves and sunspace among the leaves, that it made up for lack of numbers and had several advantages of labor and expense items. Mr. Hale showed that beet roots extend much farther than Is gen erally supposed. The fine hair-like roots that are not usually noticed at all, extend out twenty or thirty inches if there is nothing in the way, and with all that fine network of rootlets gathering nutrition, the beet attains a great bulk. With a like amount of leaves basking in the sun it makes sugar and colid weight as it cannot do where it is smothered by the leaves of its neighbors. The advantages of this kind of beet culture loom larger as we get farther into the problems of today. Scarcity of beet seed has been a seri ous matter at times, and will still be serious for years to come, due to the Necessity of growing them in America and also to the increased acreage in prospect. Thinning and harvesting beets have always been the great problems of the grower. When the Industry was commenced here, they were planted very thick and then thinned out to eight 1 nches apart In the rows. That was a great waste of seed and labor, and the custom of thinning to anywhere from ten to twenty Inches has been growing in favor. It used to be said so many beet seeds did not germinate, that it waB necessary to plant them very thick In order to have a good stand. That objection has been vanishing as better seed has been developed, and sugar men claim now that nearly all of the seeds grow. This being true .and it be ing desirable to have the beets farther apart, it follows that seeds should be planted farther apart, and thus economize the seed and the owrk of thinning. The task of pulling and topping beets has been a heavy drain upon the manpower of beet districts, and now that the puller and topper have been developed, the advantages of thin beets become apparent again. hTe puller lifts the large beets as effectually as the smaller ones if not better, and it tops them very much better. Where a tall beet is followed by a short one and the two are close together, the short beet is not well topped, but where they are of vary ing heights and twenty Inches apart, the topping is done perfectly. It takes longer to gather up several small beets than one large one, so all the advantages are in favor of thin planting, thin growing and ma chine pulling and topping. As this practice becomes more universally adopted .the possible acreage per family can be increased. As the good roads are extended, and the beet dumps and pulp dumps for re turned pulp are brought into play with easy service for all communit ies, the dairy and livestock interests will be greatly advanced. The quick removal of a beet crop from a tract by machinery makes it more prac ticable to silo the leaves promptly before they are dried and bleached, and that add as much income from the beet tract as has usually been ob tained from the beets themselves in the earlier days of the industry. The beet business is going to ad vance with great strides in the near future. In its earlier experience here, it was condemned as a* poor man's crop, a cr ( op sutiable only for the man with a small purse and a large family of children who could be worked like peons ofr paltry pay, so many of the larger farmers, men o fthe most means and energy did not engage in raising beets, altho they needed the pulp ahd silo. Now that me are entering the era of changed conditions, this class of men will take hold with their larger farms and larger capital, combine beets with livestock and advance agricultural Interests as ther never advanced before. THE FOLLY OF BURNING LEAVES By Mrs. M. E. Soth How much better off the human race might be if we would only study natur's way to find help for our troubles and then co-operate with her instead of cheating our selves by substituting egotistical hu man notions. For the past week great gusts of pure air have been sweeping this valley, carrying dust and germs, orors and every other unclean taint away to the wild places or wherever the wind goes. Nature scents this purified air with the wild strong invigorating tang of the sage. What a crime to defile it with the acrid, irritating fumes of burning leavs to conform to the hu man notion of "cleaning up." It Is an outrage waste of a price less gift from nature to burn the leaves at all. The pioneers in this valley believed In planting trees and right well did they perform their selfappointed task. Blackfoot has more trees to the block than any other town I've seen in four states. And nature set right to work to sup plement the efforts of the pioneers and to provide the proper soil for trees to grow in by dropping the ripe leaves to the ground every au tumn. Thos of us who grew up in the middle west remember the deep black soil of the woods back there. It is so deep and so rich that nursey men and gardeners dig it up and carry it away to sell for fertilizer under the name of "humps." It is nothing but the product of the de cay of dead leaves left where nature put them. In the years that have elapsed since the first trees dropped their leaves on Blackfoot's soil you ought to have developed such a fer tile soil from this yearly enrichment. Trees and all other plants, are the only things that can take the life less elements of earth and air and combine them Into living cells. All animals and human life depends upon plants containing this work upon plants continuing this work, and thus supplying us with food. This work is not done by the visible, celleular structure of the plant, but by the living protoplasm that dwells within the cells. Nitrogen, which is one of the composing elements of the air, is one of the absolutely es sential elements that the plant must supply to its protoplasm. But not even the living plant cell can take the nigrogen directly from the air. Rain must absorb it and carry it dawn into the soil, where it com bines with other things into nitrates. These nitrates then are an abso-i lutely necessary part of the food of plants. Now the soils of southeastern Idaho are so very rich in nitrates that they could profitably be used for fertilizer upon some of the worn out soil back east. But these nit rates are not in such a form that they can be directly absorbed. They must be acted upon and broken up by the bacteria that are found In all decomposing animal and vegetable matter. When we plough under manure or any vegetable crop we supply these bacteria in great numbers. They Immediately begin to work upon the nitrates and set them free, soil water absorbs them and grain and food crops flourish upon soils thus treated. Trees, because of their great spead of leaf surface, require a great amount of nitrogen. The rootlets absorb it with the water from the ground and it is carried up to the leaves where in the sunlight the cells work all summer long making living matter out of the lifeless ele ments of the earth and the air. As autumn approaches this delicate liv ing material along with most of the green coloring matter is withdrawn from the leaves into the root sys tem, where it will be safe from freez ing. There are left behind In the leaf most of the soluble nitrates and other mineral salts that the roots have been gathering during the grow ing season. These ripe leaves are extremely fragile. The weight of the snow will crush them and the water from its melting iw/ill carry down into the ground the containable nit rates that all vegetation must have or w*e shall perish. When we burn a heap of leaves we scatter to the air and concentrate in the ashes, to be blown about and wasted by the winds, the nourishment that ought to allow to be returned to the soil. We are doing exactly the same thing that a starving man would do If he threw away a slice of bread to avoid sweeping up the crumbs. These ripe leaves too are the best possible protective covering for the winter. Left alone the wind will pack them around the roots of shrubs and perenlal plants and along the walks and flower beds, places are exactly where we need both protection and fertlization. What then Is the sense of in terfering with nature? Rather let us help her and sup plement her work. Sweep the leaves from roofs and wherever they constitute a fire menace, gather them from walks and roadsides and heap them over beds of perennials and around tender shrubs but let them lie upon the lawns. Lay down boards to keep .them from blowing away from where you want them to In the spring rake all that Is left, of them onto your garden plot and plow them under, shall be using Instead of annually destroying the most precious thing that nature has given us, the link between the lifeless mineral and the living, growing plant that nourishes humanity. we These lie. Thus we Paul, Kreft has accepted a posi tion with the Utah-Idaho Sugar com pany. WHAT OF FARMER IN AFTER-WAR PERIOD? Will Southern Interests Be Per mitted to Control Recon struction? The increasing prospect of peace brings to the foreground the problems of the farmer In the after-war period. It Is an economic axiom that the pros perity of the American farmer de pends largely upon the wages and therefore the food purchasing capacity of American labor. Anything which would cause a general Industrial un rest and Idleness would strike heavily at the market of the American farmer. When war orders are stopped and armies are demobilized, unless we pre pare In advance for the transition to the peace period, there Is sure to be a vast amount of unemployment, and tl will inevitably reduce not only the number of domestic purchasers of food products, but will tremendously re duce the general level of prices of food products. As one illustration. A high official in one of the munition making plants in the United States is authority for the statement the moment peace is de clared he will have to discharge 50,000 employees pending .the reorganization of the company's plant to a peace pro duction basis. It Is conservatively es timated that the declaration of peace will certainly throw 5,000,000 laborers out of work unless provision Is made In advance by farseelng statesmen to take up this slack. The importance of having this preparation for peace well in hand before peace arrives Is very apparent. The Republicans In Congress first saw the necessity of preparing for peace, and Senator Weeks, Repub lican, of Massachusetts Introduced a bill providing for a bipartisan commis sion to begin work immediately upon the after-war problems. One section of this bill Is devoted wholly to the problems the farmer will meet after the war. The Northern fanner has received little or no consideration from this Democratic Congress. Everything has been legislated with a view of taking care of the Southern planter and Southern agricultural Interests. If the next Congress Is controlled by the Southern cotton interests the same fa voritism will undoubtedly be shown in handling reconstruction problems. The hope of the Northern farmer having bis interests looked after depends up on the election of a Republican Con gress free from Southern domination. PRESIDENT WILSON PROPOSES Article 3—The removal aa far aa poa sible of all economic barriers, and the establishment of a neutrality of trade conditions among all the nations consenting to 'the peace and associating themselves for Ite main tenance.—From President Wilson's fourteen terms of peace, announced in address to Congress. January 8, 1918. VON HERTLING ACCEPT8 Article 8—We, too, are in thorough accord with the removal of economic barriers which interfere with trade In a superfluous manner—From Chancellor von Hertllng's address before the German Reichstag, Jan uary 24, 1918, commenting upon President Wilson's 14 peace pro posals. The removal of "economic bar riers" (tariffs) and the establish ment of a neutrality of trade con ditions" mean but one thing—put ting the nation on a free trade basis and inviting all foreign made goods to Invade our markets. CLOTHING PAYS TAX TO "KING COTTON" Refusal of Democrats to Fix Price on Cotton Boosts High Cost of Living. According to a compilation made public October 8, 1918, by the Depart ment of Labor, fuel and light have ad vanced 80 per cent, in costs, housing 13 per cent and food of all kinds an average of 83 per cent The highest advance In living costs has been in clothing. Men's clothing has Increased 105 per cent, women's clothing 118 per cent 1 The report of the Railroad Wage Commission shows that common cal ico, which formerly sold for 6 cents a yard, now sells for 30 cents, an in crease of 400 per cent I Workingmen's overalls have Increased 150 per cent, work shirts 200 per cent, boys' blouses 130 per cent, socks and stock ings 125 per cent, gingham 125 per cent, muslin 120 per cent, and house hold textiles 130 per cent. 1 No clothing is being made of wool. The government has fixed a price on wool and commandeered the entire supply, both domestic and Imported. No textiles are being made from wool. Textiles and clothing are being made from cotton. The Increase the work fcigman and farmer of the north Is paying on clothing and household tex tiles is the direct result of the prof iteering of the southern cotton powers which dominate Congress, sit In the cabinet and have prevented any fixing of a price on cotton. Every household Is paying a heavy tax to the cotton profiteers, a tribute to the southern domination of Congress, >5 Bit of Prance : and prench By .Mrs. Byrd Trego. The "Stars and tripes'' is a real live newspaper published by boys in France, printed in Paris. All the writing is the work of soldiers and much to their credit, isn't a doleful dirge or regret or complaint the rages thru. Here with is an editorial on the wonderful work accomplished by the boys in the St. Mihiel salient. "The reduction of the St. Mihiel salient is a great feat of American arms. We can frankly say so be cause our allies have frankly said so before us. "But, more than that, it is signifi cant because it is the answer to wearying months of preparation, of training, of endless toiling in base ports and thruout the reaches of the S. O. S., of interminable weeks in quiet sectors, of sharp clashes with a foe swollen with success, not will ing to be checked, but checked just the same—of all that goes to make a great army ready for the greatest job its country has ever undertaken. "It is not a case of "all over but the shouting." There will be bitter days before the time for shouting comes. But St. Mihiel is a flying start. It is proof that America is in the war, heart and soul—and muscle. It is America's finest answer—ahead of time—to Austria's German in spired bid for peace." Now, St. Mihiel is pronounced tho it was spelled this way: San-mee yel. San Meeyel is only about thirty three miles from Nahnsee (Nancy) of our last lesson and both towns are about an equal distance from the German fortress town of Metz, just a little farther west is all. our There as San Meeyel had a population of 8126 souls in 1891, but seems to have lost out some way for the 1901 census only found 6075. San Mee yel had a wonderful Benedictine Abbey that was founded in the year 709 and its people were mostly em ployed in making lace and embroid ery until four years ago when the Huns seized the town and all it con tained. Our boys have not been called upon to do duty ih the extremes of climate or altitude. The entire sector about Nahnsee and San Meeyel are medium high, ranging from perhaps 800 to 1400 feet above sea level.. We are glad they have been above those marsh beds, tho sorry others have been compelled to work and live in them. There doesn't seem much of in terest about Ban Meeyel other than the fact the Huns were so much at home there with their under ground living quarters, that con tained pianos, electric lights, billiard rooms and every thing for the pleasure of officers, who kept pri vate servantsjat their beck and call. So firmly grounded were they with their four year lease which they seemed anxious to extend indefinitely that it took the wonderful grit and determination of the staunch Ameri can boys to oust them. There is a larger city up near the Belgian border, only ten miles away perhaps. We read of it and see it this should call it this way: Va-long-se enn. way, Valenciennes, but iwe Valongseenn is a fortified city too, Profit by the Mistakes of Yesterday YESTERDAY IS DEAD—FORGET IT. TO-MORROW HAS NOT COME—DON'T WORRY. TODAY IS HERE—USE IT. YOU REALIZE THAT YOU MADE A MISTAKE LAST YEAR BY NEGLECTING TO REPAIR YOUR SHEDS AND PROVIDE SHELTER FOR YOUR IM PLEMENTS. THE VALUE OF YOUR LIVESTOCK PROBABLY SHRUNK 25 PER CENT OR MORE. THAT WAS LAST YEAR. FORGET THAT. BUT UPON THE ASHES OF DEAD HOPES RESOLVE RIGHT NOW TO ERECT A SUPERSTRUCTURE OR FARM PRACTICE THAT WILL ENDURE— WHERE THE WORDS FORGOT AND PROCRASTI-. NATE DO NOT APPEAR. SEE K S 3 o Blackfoot Shelley W. B, Royce F. C. Mickelson J. T. Foster A. F. Willecke E. O. Taylor L. G. Wells % "0 M > k cOi Firth O h \ <S> Taber Sterling Rockford Keever IDAm. Manufacturers of Western Soft Pine C. C. Tompkins one which there has been much fighting over in past times. It was in turn annexed, defended, surren dered and captured from 1567 on. Notwithstanding ail this trouble there was a population of 28,786 last count. Valongseen (you should linger a bit on the last two syllables) is lo cated in a low altitude, front below sea level 328 feet, all about her borders. The people farm some very good land; there are coal mines and iron veins nearby for which they have foundries and forges and manu facture iron-wear in variety, sugar, woolens, cotton goods, linens and so on. Some say it is fifty years since they made lace, but any store will sell you some to this day that pur ports to conte from there, so long has the reputation for Valongseen lace lived. When I was a little girl my mother wore wrappers with a Watteau back, while I pondered over that long name for a double box plait, spelled with a capitcl letter I had to spend yeprs growing tall and reading books and pictures to learn "Watteau" was a wonderful artist born at Valong seen, France, that among his favor ite subjects to paint were shepherds and shepherdesses in rustic dances, that he usually clothed his shepherd esses in "sacques" with loose plaits hanging from the shoulders and that this style is always called Watteau. Metz is called Mets. THOUGHTS.' The following poem was written by a little girl, who is a subscriber to the Idaho Republican. No name was given. Breahs there a man with soul so dead, Who never to a hun has said, Get out and get under, or we'll push you thru, You can not live with our Red, White and Blue. If such there be, go ring the bell, Each good American should truly Each one in earnest, not in jest. And iwihen all is done, This •great w&r won, The Huns will be mute, sober and And when Gabriel blows his trumpet ANOTHER RECEIVES PROMOTION And send him with "Old Bill to Hell." say, ,We can win this war in a year and a day. Buy more bonds, and do his best. sad . And old Kaiser Bill will be gone with the bad. loud, There'll be no Huns in that large crowd. With peace and happiness, hearts light as a feather, Huns all banished forever, and ever. And Kaiser Bill shall go down to the vile dust from which he sprung, un-wept, un-honored, and branded a son of a gun. (Signed) A Subscriber. Word has been received from Corporal A. P. Grimmand, with Co. B. 601, Engtneeres, A. E. F., P. O, 714, now in France of his recent pro motion to the rank of corporal. He is well and working as an in terpeter in one of the supply offices and shops over there.