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RELEKE OF MEN
DEMOBILIZATION PLANNED ON BA8I8 OF INDU8TRIE8' ABILITY TO AB80RB WORKER8. Mon Will Not Be Turned Loose to Shift for Themselves, but Will Be Provided With Employment Before Being. Discharged From Service. Washington. — Demobilization men in the military and naval service Of the United States after their return from France will be carried out large ly on a basis of the ability of trades and occupations to absorb them, ac cording to a plan being worked out by the labor, war and navy departments and the war Industries board. It was said that the plan will be submitted to President Wilson soon. The war industries board has sent questionnaires to employers in all in dustries asking the needs of euch for men and the answers will show where, When and how rapictyy jobs will be ready for discharged soldiers and sail ors and what trades are most in need of them. Supplementing this Informa tion will be that received from draft boards and community labor boards which are to co-operate In the word. Bodlaa to Be .Combined. The war labor policies board and the United States employment service will be combined to handle the labor de partment's end. The war department is expected to establish a new bureau or to convert the activities of Provost Marshal General Crowder's office to this end. General Crowder was sug gested by some officials as the man best qualified to deal with the task of preserving the balance of power of the labor supply without delaying de mobilization operations. With the conversion of industry of from a war to a peace basis many workers also will be released from emergency Jobs created by the war, but this problem has been taken into con sideration by the officials who are working out plans for a general sta bilizing of labor conditions when the soldiers are returned to civil life. Much Work Ahead. In this connection, officials pointed out that with the ending of hostilities there will be a great resumption of private construction and manufactur ing, held up and restricted because of war work, and that thousands of skilled laborers will be needed in all parts of the country for this work. Secretary Baker said every phase of demobilization of the army is being | carefully studied by war department agencies, but as yet no plans have been formally formulated. The only orders so far issued curtailing war work deal with projects upon which work has not actually started, he said. The question of the number of American troops to be released in France or elsewhere in Europe is be ing studied ott that side, Mr. Baker said, while the general staff is pre parting recommendations as to the number to be kept under arms in this country. The problem in Europe re mains of Joint operations with the allied nations in after-the-war guard ing and other work to be done by the military forces and no conclusions on this point can yet be made. Mr. Baker said several factors will the order In which men will be govern released from the army. It Is obvious, he said, that as a matter of justice, men who have been longest In the ser vice should be released first, but the industrial situation and the special need for men of a certain calling prob ably will modify the principle of mak ing a lengthy service to guide for mus tering out. The labor employes are confident that the demobilization of the 4,000,000 now under arms at home and and the conversion of indus try to Its peace status will not cause serious problem of unemployment. men overseas any REPUBLICANS WILL CONTROL. Have Majority of 48 in House and Two in the Senate. Washington.-^Cbecking up of the re turns of the recent election by the Re publican congressional committee lias resulted In the announcement being made that the Republicans have a ocr tain majority in the next house of forty-eight votes. Finn! returns, It is claimed, may increase the majority, but it will not be diminished. The sen majority of the Republicans will be two votes. ate Lighting Ban Suspended. Washington.—All lighting restric ' tlons, except where current Is gener „„ domestic sizes of anthracite, lifted November 12 by Fuel Ad Garfield until midnight, ated by were mlnistrator November 18, to permit free illnmina the United War Work cam tlon for palgn. Separate Peace Opposed. Washington. —A resolution prov g that the United States shall not enter into any • separate negotiat ons or final peace with enemy countries was introduced Tuesday by Senator Po n dexter of Washington. Official Bulletin To Go On. i Washington. —It is the intention of the committee on public information to publication of the official . until next June 30, the date at the appropriation for the eomr c int nue bulletin which mittee expires. WOMEN PLEAD FOR ARMISTICE TO BRING DI8A8TER DE0LARE8 HEAD OF NATIONAL COUNCIL OF WOMEN. German Women Fear Dear Ones Will Die from Starvation Unless Plans \ Are Made for Securing Food Supply at Once. Washington.—Appeals addressed to Mm. Woodrow Wilson and Miss Jane Addams of Chicago, on behalf of the women of Germany, asking that the armistice terms be modified to prevent "unspeakable disaster,'' have been sent from the German wireless station at Nauon. They were picked up by the mili tary Intelligence radio at Haulton, Me., and were made public Thursday night by the war department. The appeal to Mrs. Wilson said the women and children of Germany have been "starving for years," and that they "will die from hunger by the mil lions" unless the terms of the armis tice are changed so that sufficient roll ing stock will be made available for moving food from the farms. It was dated at Berlin and signed by Gertrude Baeumer and Alice Soloman for the "national council of women of Ger many." The appeal to Miss Addams was from Anita Augsburg at Poz. It is said that the German women, "forseelng entire famishment and mutiny for their coun try," urged "their American sisters" to Intercede to have the armistice terms modified. "We are all free voters of a free republic now, greeting you heartily," the appeal said. AMERICAN PRISONERS FREED Of the total number of prisoners to b e released, 2380 are army men, twelve are ( rom the navy and 140 are civilians, in the camps were 241 army officers ftnd 2139 non-commissioned officers and | privates, and three navtfl officers and n i ae sailors, Liberated .from German Camp* on 8igning of Armistice. Paris.—Some 2532 American prison ers In German camps were released immediately by the signing of the Ger man armistice, according to the latest figures prepared by the American Red Cross in Switzerland. This number includes all the Ameri cans captured to November 1. It Is estimated that only a few hundred more Americans were captured after that date. MAY REDUCE EXPENSES. Estimates of Expenditures Decreased Since Prospects of Peace. Washington.—Revision of the pend ing revenue bill, with a view to yield ing $6,000,000,000, payable during the calendar year, 1919, and not less than $4,000,000,000 the following year, was recommended by Secretary McAdoo in a letter to Chairman Simmons of the senate finance committee, setting forth the treasury's financial program for the reconstruction period. The secretary estimated that ex penditures during the fiscal year end ing next June 30 now would be $18, 000,000,000, instead of the $24,000,000, 000 estimated before there were pros pects of peace. . . _ . _ . . ,are Anarchy Causes by Boche Soldiers. Washington.—Reports have reached the state department that the sltua tlon In Germany and Austrla-Hungarj approximates a state of anarchy on; account of the conduct of returning . sobers released from the fighting llneS - - in Flour Without Substitutes. Washington.—White bread made en tirely of wheat flour, went back on the American table on November 14, after an absence of more than nine months. Householders and bakers are permit ted to purchase wheat flour without substitutes, the food administration having withdrawn its restrictive regu lations. Reform Mexican Monetary 8ystom. Mexico City.—President Carranza has signed a decree reforming the monetary system of Mexico by placing it on a strictly gold basis. The re cent monetary crisis was caused by the exportation of'Silver half-pesos pieces, which, as the result of the higher price of silver, were worth more as bullion than as coin. American Vessel Burned at Chile. San Francisco.—The Pacific Mall Steamship company's' steamer Penn sylvania sank at her dock at Iqulque, Chile, November 13, after fire had burned her to the water's edge, accord ing to advices received at the com pany's' office here. Mexicans Raid Stockyards. presidio, Texas.—Irregular Mexican tr0f)))g crossed to the American side near p re8 | d io Thursday and drove ofi t jj e Mexican side several head ol * 8 t 0 ck belonging to an American ranch er of Presidio. No Clemency for Draft Evaders. £j] p nso , Tex.—That the small army of drn ft evaders now In Mexico need expecd no clemency from the United states wa8 the announcement made by G T j oneg> c hlef special agent for the department o' justice. I • \Jl Bit of prance and French : By Mrs. Byrd Trego. On Learning French Like silver bells heard in a mist, Or moonstone echoes from some brook, Where silver berches wall a nook, Or like sea ripples moon-lit kissed. Or like a lake of silver ledges Where iris water-UUes lave, Or like some lark's translucent wave Of song above white hawthorn hedges. The maiden ripples French to me; But I am like argonaut, In some mute agony of thought, Lost in sound's sweet tranquility. ALFRED .. FRITCHEY, * Camp Hosptal 30. This bit of verse ts a clipping from "Stars and Spripes.'' Can some Bing ham county mother imagine her big, stalwart hero boy sitting beside a pretty French girl who ripples off the beautiful [language until he is wrapt in a spell that produces such thrilling rhymes? We have in our flower garden at Sagehurst a beautiful, big, white ever-blooming rose, c ailed Malmai sori. We are honored to succeed in raising such a choice rose, and we are also honored in having a rare visitor occasionally who loves our perrenial garden wth a degree of admination that bespeaks him to be a devotee of flower raising. I am speaking of Mr. Held, who is spending some time in town with his daughter Mrs. Jack man. Mr. Held spent his early days just over the French line in Switzer land, where they use the French language. Mr. Held and I usually visit over every flower that Is In bloom, from the modest pinks and buttercups to the wonderful big roses. So it hap pened one day that Mr. Held asked me the name of this "beautiful rose," (now if you Say beautiful without accenting any sylable and a slight inflection on the last, you will imi tate Mr. Held very well) I replied that It carried a French name, It was called Malmaison, and I presume my way of saying it was just as the aver age reader would, by accenting the first and last sylables. Mr. Held looked very Interested and pleased while he replied, "Oh, so this iB Mal ma-zon* is it." Putting the same even stress on each sylable, and I thought it was a beautiful word when he said It. Malmazon is just a few miles out from Paris where Empress Josephine went to live after she was divorced from Napoleon. It Is noted for its castles. Josephine died there in 1814 in a chateau named Malmazon. One day last summer Mr. Trego came home repeating over and over the word "Swason, Swason, Swason." Upon inquiry I discovered he was saying "Soissons," that city the boys Iwere then taking. Mr. Coumerilh is a French man also and when Mr. Trego met him on the street he learned that Soissons should be said rather quickly like this: Swas-on and please remember there* Is no accent. Swason has 13,204 souls recently counted, Is perhaps fifty miles north east from Paris; a strongly, fortified city occupying a stratigic point; has gone thur other wars which de stroyed some of its ancient buildings, in fact has often beqn besieged, the last time In October 1870. Tanning and founding were carried on. I want you to keep id mind that some thing was going on industrially all the year around in these French towns. so a is is ♦ CANDY AS A WAR RATION. No bill in congress has occasioned greater enthusiasm among the boys "over there" than the bill which Con gressman Gould has introduced to provide the soldiers and sailors with regular rations of candy and chewing gum along with their food and to bacco, subject to regulations by the surgeon general of the respective services. There Is no man In congress who has made a keener study of military questions and who has the welfare of the Sammle and Jackie more at heart than Congressman Gould. His close study of army conditions and numer ous interviews Iwdth the army and navy officers have convinced him that candy and chewing gum are necessities in keeping up the spirit of our fighting forces. When inter viewed on the subject, Congressman Gould said; "The officers and army doctors tell me that sweets are an absolute necessity in keeping up the morale. Doctors have know for years that the human system re quires a certain amount of sweet things, and to deprive our soldiers and sailors of harmless sweets to which they have been accustomed all their lives Is to waken their fighting qualities." Soldiers and sailors who are ad dicted to alcohol, but who are for bidden to use It, find that sweets are the only things which will satisfy their Intense craving for liquor. The British government has recog nized that candy and chewing gum necessary and the Y. M. C. A.'s, Red Cro88> K ot c SalvatIon Army and other organizations engaged In war work are purchasing enormous quantities of candy and chewing gu " * or soldiers and sailors, . Cushman A. Rice, soldier of traveler, has just returned from the European front, where he has been in command of the American air force fighting with the British. Major Rice declares, "The boys need candy, They want tho oldfashioned brands, ^ind they used to get back * lome ' The way war-taxes have hit the rich there's really more money In being poor.—Knoxville Journal and Tribune, BUCKS FOR SALE I have sixty-five Hampshire yearl lag bucks for sale. H. C. C. Rich, Plngree, Idaho. adv. 16-tf. REPUBLICAN Please, Consult the Directory ALLIN 0 for telephone numbers from memory is not safe from a oon serv&tion-of-time standpoint. A mistake in the number doubles the time of the operator and of the use of the equipment employed. One's memory is so apt to play tricks with telephone numbers. It is so apt to prompt you, for instance, to say, 9-7-8 when the number really is 7-0-8. A wrong number wastes the time of the person called, of the operator and of the person oalled in error, and involves use of needed equipment. In the end it is necessary to oonsult the Directory. Why not consult the Directory at the first, if only to confirm the dictates of your memory? The point is that anything that unnecessarily takes, the time of the operators and of equipment may be needlessly delaying calls occasioned by fire, law lessness, accident, death, serious illness, calls necessitated by the public in terest and welfare, calls on Government business or war work or commer cial calls of vital importance. Please do your full share in the task of furnishing telephone service to this community by patriotic consideration of the time of our operating forces. CONSULT THE DIRECTORY before calling, to insure giving the oorreot number. Then, SPEAK DISTINCTLY, LISTEN ATTENTIVELY and MAKE YOUR CONVERSATION BRIEF. That will help the service. It will help those who are earnestly striving to serve you well. c '* The Mountain States Telephone and Telegraph Co. SQBBmSffl I BOYS AND GIRLS HELP WAR WORK Victory Club Organized; 130 Bing ham County Students Will Back Soldier Boys. A boys and girls' Victory club has been organized in connection with the present war work drive with Mrs. Grace Faulconer in charge of the girls and Professor W. D. Vin cent In charge of the boys of Bing ham county. The idea Is to get a million boys and girls in the United States to vol untarily back a million soldiers by each earning $5.00 and paying the amount into the fund. *ne pledged amount may either be paid in one sum or may be paid on the install ment plan, just as is more conven ient for he ones concerned. The leaders were a little lgte in re ceiving the matorial with iwihich to carry on the work, but Is has nearly all been distributed at this writing. Pledge cards are sent out all over the county and these are signed and returned by the boys and girls who and willing to undertake the patrio tic task. All boys and girls from twelve to twenty years are urged to join, regardless of education ect. There are about 4000 students In Idaho, whom it is contemplated will enter into the work and of that num ber 130 come from Bingham county, so Bingham County's share in money will amount to $680, which will go a long way in bringing comfort to some soldiers. Each contestant is given a proper button which will signify that he Is working In the Victory club of boys and girls and when the final payment is made a certificate Is Issued which is signed by the head of the war work committee of the United States, 'ihomas ti. Mott in this instance. As soon as assemblies are per mitted the contestants will be gotten togeuier and will each write an essay telling how they earned their five dollars and prizes will be awarded for the best stories later on. A com plete list of conteestants will be pub lished at a latter date. FAMILIES ILL WITH INFLUENZA NOW RECOVERING The Influenza seems to affect cer tain localities more seriously than others. In Moreland ..ie disease was more prevalent, but the afflicted families are now out of danger and on the high road to recovery. Some of the families are the following: Brig Robinson, O. C. Johnson, Hyrum Grimmit Jr., J. H. Hall and A. J. Akers. ♦ TO RESIDE IN DENVER Mrs. J. M. Weigel and daughter Barbara, and Mrs. Hilda Slater ex 'pect to leave In the near future for Denver, where they will remain in definitely. Mr. Weigel will remain In Black foot untill spring. COUNCILMAN PEARSON TALKS ON THE WATER QUESTION Ernest Pearson, husband of a wife, father of sons and daughters, treas urer of the school board, member of the city council .owner of a home and proprietor of a grocery store, was meditating on water systems Friday afternoon and spake unto a scribe as follows; "If you haven't made up your mind yet how you are going to vote oh the bond issue, think it over in this w!ay: The present water sys tem is too small but there is a sim ple way to feed It up to equal an enlargement. Lay an eight-inch main north on Stout Avenue, west thru the Elmwood and Parkinson ad ditions, south to some point in the west ehd of town and then east again. Connect at all points of in tersection with the smaller mains, and by this means make a feeder for all of them. It makes a circuit and it also makes a feeder-circuit. When you make a heavy draft at any point, the water sweeps in from the differ ent lines to feed that point and pre vent a vacuum. "Of course pipe Is high now, but it may soon come down some. It will probably take from $15,000 to 820,000 to lay this quadrangular set of mains, but that would put us in pretty good shape for a good many yeafs. I don't believe we could start in with a new system and get a set of mains laid and connect them with the 700 customers now taking water for any sum less than $100, 000, and we are not privileged to cut in and hitch on to the other man's customers. The oldest pipes in the system have been laid twelve years. I don't know what condition they are in, but I am informed that the life of pipes varies from 25 years to 50 years. I don't know anything about it myself. I don't think, tho, that an old pipe is worth much if you dig it out and dlsurb it. It might be good enough to serve for a long time if it is left alone, but to take it out and relay it, would be quite different. "Now as to your gravity system, if we conclude to build that, we can lead that right down and hitch on to the present set of pipes and get a great deal of use of them." "I do not recommend this quad rangular main merely on my own lniatiative, for * am not a water en gineer. But I understand that two water engineers who have been for ditforent firms t' lnvetigate the sys tem and see what should be done to make it the most effective, have reached the conclusion that this would make It the most efficient with the least additional investment." LEFT FOR FRANCE Mrs. L. B. Kimbal received word from her husband L. B. Kimbal, that he left for France November 10. The company he was with sailed from Camp Merrlt, N. J. DR. PATRIE'S OFFICE MOVED Dr. Patrie has moved his office to the office formerly occupied by Dr. Sickert in the Hopkins building. S.J. CHANEY NOW IN Y. M. C. A. WORK Former Blackfoot Pastor Serving as Secretary at University Y. M. C. A. Hut. Rev. S. J. Chaney, formerly pastor of the Methodist church of Blackfoot, arrived in Moscow Friday of last week, where he will serve In the capacity of secretary of the univer sity Y. M. C. A., and he will also have charge of the buldling operations of the Y. M. C. A. Bids on a $10,000 Y. M. C. A. for the University of Idaho were re ceived at Moscow Friday. The build ing is to be paid for by the war coun. cil of the Y. M. C .A. and the build ing site will be furnished by the University of Idaho, together with heat and light. The building (will be of bungalow style, brown stain finish and win be one and a half stories high. Dr, E. H. Llndley, president of the university, expects It to serve as a Y. M .C .A. and union building for the next fifteen years. President Llndley said, in speaking of the Y. M. C. A., "This is not to be a Y. M. C .A. hut as many suppose. It is to be nicely furnished and will be an addition to the campus. The value of such a building cannot be overestimated. It is a gathering place for the men and intellectual and social center for university life." The new building will contain an auditorium to seat 350 people, loung ing and billiard rooms, a lobby, an office for the secretary and several committee rooms. Since all orders for material ;will receive priority In shipping, it is expected that the work will begin very soon. ♦ THE FARMER'S LUXURIES. The followiing poem was written by Mrs. John Horne, formerly Miss Mabel Sommercorn, of this city: Prairie land to break and till; Pure fresh air to breathe at will, A rake, a hoe, a plow or two, And bills to meet as they fall due. Milk from the old brindle cow; Pork from the discarded sow, Potatoes from the garden spot, And war time bread as like as not. An old felt hat the wind blows thru, A well-worn shirt of navy blue, And overalls, patched at the knee, Which is indeed a luxury. His bedroom with a cold, bare floor Contains a bed and trunk no more; He takes a bath In the old tin tub, When he gets a chance (Ah there's the rub.) To supply himself with food and clothes, To the mall order house his order goes. He labors hard, saves what he can, And he Is a cheerful, honest man. And so it goes the whole year thru, His needs are'many, his pleasures He helps to pay the pastors fee, There, are the farmer's luxuries.