RELEKE OF MEN
DEMOBILIZATION PLANNED ON
BA8I8 OF INDU8TRIE8' ABILITY
TO AB80RB WORKER8.
Mon Will Not Be Turned Loose to
Shift for Themselves, but Will Be
Provided With Employment Before
Being. Discharged From Service.
Washington. — Demobilization
men in the military and naval service
Of the United States after their return
from France will be carried out large
ly on a basis of the ability of trades
and occupations to absorb them, ac
cording to a plan being worked out by
the labor, war and navy departments
and the war Industries board. It was
said that the plan will be submitted to
President Wilson soon.
The war industries board has sent
questionnaires to employers in all in
dustries asking the needs of euch for
men and the answers will show where,
When and how rapictyy jobs will be
ready for discharged soldiers and sail
ors and what trades are most in need
of them. Supplementing this Informa
tion will be that received from draft
boards and community labor boards
which are to co-operate In the word.
Bodlaa to Be .Combined.
The war labor policies board and the
United States employment service will
be combined to handle the labor de
partment's end. The war department
is expected to establish a new bureau
or to convert the activities of Provost
Marshal General Crowder's office to
this end. General Crowder was sug
gested by some officials as the man
best qualified to deal with the task of
preserving the balance of power of
the labor supply without delaying de
With the conversion of industry
from a war to a peace basis many
workers also will be released from
emergency Jobs created by the war, but
this problem has been taken into con
sideration by the officials who are
working out plans for a general sta
bilizing of labor conditions when the
soldiers are returned to civil life.
Much Work Ahead.
In this connection, officials pointed
out that with the ending of hostilities
there will be a great resumption of
private construction and manufactur
ing, held up and restricted because of
war work, and that thousands of
skilled laborers will be needed in all
parts of the country for this work.
Secretary Baker said every phase of
demobilization of the army is being |
carefully studied by war department
agencies, but as yet no plans have
been formally formulated. The only
orders so far issued curtailing war
work deal with projects upon which
work has not actually started, he said.
The question of the number of
American troops to be released in
France or elsewhere in Europe is be
ing studied ott that side, Mr. Baker
said, while the general staff is pre
parting recommendations as to the
number to be kept under arms in this
country. The problem in Europe re
mains of Joint operations with the
allied nations in after-the-war guard
ing and other work to be done by the
military forces and no conclusions on
this point can yet be made.
Mr. Baker said several factors will
the order In which men will be
released from the army. It Is obvious,
he said, that as a matter of justice,
men who have been longest In the ser
vice should be released first, but the
industrial situation and the special
need for men of a certain calling prob
ably will modify the principle of mak
ing a lengthy service to guide for mus
The labor employes are confident
that the demobilization of the 4,000,000
now under arms at home and
and the conversion of indus
try to Its peace status will not cause
serious problem of unemployment.
REPUBLICANS WILL CONTROL.
Have Majority of 48 in House and Two
in the Senate.
Washington.-^Cbecking up of the re
turns of the recent election by the Re
publican congressional committee lias
resulted In the announcement being
made that the Republicans have a ocr
tain majority in the next house of
forty-eight votes. Finn! returns, It is
claimed, may increase the majority,
but it will not be diminished. The sen
majority of the Republicans will
be two votes.
Lighting Ban Suspended.
Washington.—All lighting restric
' tlons, except where current Is gener
„„ domestic sizes of anthracite,
lifted November 12 by Fuel Ad
Garfield until midnight,
November 18, to permit free illnmina
the United War Work cam
Separate Peace Opposed.
Washington. —A resolution prov g
that the United States shall not enter
into any • separate negotiat ons or
final peace with enemy countries was
introduced Tuesday by Senator Po n
dexter of Washington.
Official Bulletin To Go On. i
Washington. —It is the intention of
the committee on public information to
publication of the official
. until next June 30, the date at
the appropriation for the eomr
c int nue
WOMEN PLEAD FOR
ARMISTICE TO BRING DI8A8TER
DE0LARE8 HEAD OF NATIONAL
COUNCIL OF WOMEN.
German Women Fear Dear Ones Will
Die from Starvation Unless Plans
\ Are Made for Securing Food
Supply at Once.
Washington.—Appeals addressed to
Mm. Woodrow Wilson and Miss Jane
Addams of Chicago, on behalf of the
women of Germany, asking that the
armistice terms be modified to prevent
"unspeakable disaster,'' have been sent
from the German wireless station at
They were picked up by the mili
tary Intelligence radio at Haulton, Me.,
and were made public Thursday night
by the war department.
The appeal to Mrs. Wilson said the
women and children of Germany have
been "starving for years," and that
they "will die from hunger by the mil
lions" unless the terms of the armis
tice are changed so that sufficient roll
ing stock will be made available for
moving food from the farms. It was
dated at Berlin and signed by Gertrude
Baeumer and Alice Soloman for the
"national council of women of Ger
The appeal to Miss Addams was from
Anita Augsburg at Poz. It is said that
the German women, "forseelng entire
famishment and mutiny for their coun
try," urged "their American sisters" to
Intercede to have the armistice terms
"We are all free voters of a free
republic now, greeting you heartily,"
the appeal said.
AMERICAN PRISONERS FREED
Of the total number of prisoners to
b e released, 2380 are army men, twelve
are ( rom the navy and 140 are civilians,
in the camps were 241 army officers
ftnd 2139 non-commissioned officers and
| privates, and three navtfl officers and
n i ae sailors,
Liberated .from German Camp* on
8igning of Armistice.
Paris.—Some 2532 American prison
ers In German camps were released
immediately by the signing of the Ger
man armistice, according to the latest
figures prepared by the American Red
Cross in Switzerland.
This number includes all the Ameri
cans captured to November 1. It Is
estimated that only a few hundred
more Americans were captured after
MAY REDUCE EXPENSES.
Estimates of Expenditures Decreased
Since Prospects of Peace.
Washington.—Revision of the pend
ing revenue bill, with a view to yield
ing $6,000,000,000, payable during the
calendar year, 1919, and not less than
$4,000,000,000 the following year, was
recommended by Secretary McAdoo in
a letter to Chairman Simmons of the
forth the treasury's financial program
for the reconstruction period.
The secretary estimated that ex
penditures during the fiscal year end
ing next June 30 now would be $18,
000,000,000, instead of the $24,000,000,
000 estimated before there were pros
pects of peace.
. . _ . _ . . ,are
Anarchy Causes by Boche Soldiers.
Washington.—Reports have reached
the state department that the sltua
tlon In Germany and Austrla-Hungarj
approximates a state of anarchy on;
account of the conduct of returning .
sobers released from the fighting
Flour Without Substitutes.
Washington.—White bread made en
tirely of wheat flour, went back on the
American table on November 14, after
an absence of more than nine months.
Householders and bakers are permit
ted to purchase wheat flour without
substitutes, the food administration
having withdrawn its restrictive regu
Reform Mexican Monetary 8ystom.
Mexico City.—President Carranza
has signed a decree reforming the
monetary system of Mexico by placing
it on a strictly gold basis. The re
cent monetary crisis was caused by the
exportation of'Silver half-pesos pieces,
which, as the result of the higher
price of silver, were worth more as
bullion than as coin.
American Vessel Burned at Chile.
San Francisco.—The Pacific Mall
Steamship company's' steamer Penn
sylvania sank at her dock at Iqulque,
Chile, November 13, after fire had
burned her to the water's edge, accord
ing to advices received at the com
pany's' office here.
Mexicans Raid Stockyards.
presidio, Texas.—Irregular Mexican
tr0f)))g crossed to the American side
near p re8 | d io Thursday and drove ofi
t jj e Mexican side several head ol *
8 t 0 ck belonging to an American ranch
er of Presidio.
No Clemency for Draft Evaders.
£j] p nso , Tex.—That the small army
of drn ft evaders now In Mexico need
expecd no clemency from the United
states wa8 the announcement made
by G T j oneg> c hlef special agent for
the department o' justice.
\Jl Bit of prance
and French :
By Mrs. Byrd Trego.
On Learning French
Like silver bells heard in a mist,
Or moonstone echoes from some
Where silver berches wall a nook,
Or like sea ripples moon-lit kissed.
Or like a lake of silver ledges
Where iris water-UUes lave,
Or like some lark's translucent
Of song above white hawthorn
The maiden ripples French to me;
But I am like argonaut,
In some mute agony of thought,
Lost in sound's sweet tranquility.
ALFRED .. FRITCHEY,
* Camp Hosptal 30.
This bit of verse ts a clipping from
"Stars and Spripes.'' Can some Bing
ham county mother imagine her
big, stalwart hero boy sitting
beside a pretty French girl
who ripples off the beautiful
[language until he is wrapt in a spell
that produces such thrilling rhymes?
We have in our flower garden at
Sagehurst a beautiful, big, white
ever-blooming rose, c ailed Malmai
sori. We are honored to succeed in
raising such a choice rose, and we are
also honored in having a rare visitor
occasionally who loves our perrenial
garden wth a degree of admination
that bespeaks him to be a devotee
of flower raising. I am speaking of
Mr. Held, who is spending some time
in town with his daughter Mrs. Jack
man. Mr. Held spent his early days
just over the French line in Switzer
land, where they use the French
Mr. Held and I usually visit over
every flower that Is In bloom, from
the modest pinks and buttercups to
the wonderful big roses. So it hap
pened one day that Mr. Held asked
me the name of this "beautiful rose,"
(now if you Say beautiful without
accenting any sylable and a slight
inflection on the last, you will imi
tate Mr. Held very well) I replied
that It carried a French name, It was
called Malmaison, and I presume my
way of saying it was just as the aver
age reader would, by accenting the
first and last sylables. Mr. Held
looked very Interested and pleased
while he replied, "Oh, so this iB Mal
ma-zon* is it." Putting the same
even stress on each sylable, and I
thought it was a beautiful word
when he said It.
Malmazon is just a few miles out
from Paris where Empress Josephine
went to live after she was divorced
from Napoleon. It Is noted for its
castles. Josephine died there in
1814 in a chateau named Malmazon.
One day last summer Mr. Trego
came home repeating over and over
the word "Swason, Swason, Swason."
Upon inquiry I discovered he was
saying "Soissons," that city the boys
Iwere then taking. Mr. Coumerilh
is a French man also and when Mr.
Trego met him on the street he
learned that Soissons should be said
rather quickly like this: Swas-on and
please remember there* Is no accent.
Swason has 13,204 souls recently
counted, Is perhaps fifty miles north
east from Paris; a strongly, fortified
city occupying a stratigic point; has
gone thur other wars which de
stroyed some of its ancient buildings,
in fact has often beqn besieged, the
last time In October 1870. Tanning
and founding were carried on. I
want you to keep id mind that some
thing was going on industrially all
the year around in these French
CANDY AS A WAR RATION.
No bill in congress has occasioned
greater enthusiasm among the boys
"over there" than the bill which Con
gressman Gould has introduced to
provide the soldiers and sailors with
regular rations of candy and chewing
gum along with their food and to
bacco, subject to regulations by the
surgeon general of the respective
There Is no man In congress who
has made a keener study of military
questions and who has the welfare of
the Sammle and Jackie more at heart
than Congressman Gould. His close
study of army conditions and numer
ous interviews Iwdth the army and
navy officers have convinced him
that candy and chewing gum are
necessities in keeping up the spirit
of our fighting forces. When inter
viewed on the subject, Congressman
Gould said; "The officers and army
doctors tell me that sweets are an
absolute necessity in keeping up the
morale. Doctors have know for
years that the human system re
quires a certain amount of sweet
things, and to deprive our soldiers
and sailors of harmless sweets to
which they have been accustomed
all their lives Is to waken their
Soldiers and sailors who are ad
dicted to alcohol, but who are for
bidden to use It, find that sweets are
the only things which will satisfy
their Intense craving for liquor.
The British government has recog
nized that candy and chewing gum
necessary and the Y. M. C. A.'s,
Red Cro88> K ot c SalvatIon Army
and other organizations engaged In
war work are purchasing enormous
quantities of candy and chewing
gu " * or soldiers and sailors,
. Cushman A. Rice, soldier of
traveler, has just returned from the
European front, where he has been
in command of the American air
force fighting with the British. Major
Rice declares, "The boys need candy,
They want tho oldfashioned brands,
^ind they used to get back
* lome '
The way war-taxes have hit the
rich there's really more money In
being poor.—Knoxville Journal and
BUCKS FOR SALE
I have sixty-five Hampshire yearl
lag bucks for sale. H. C. C. Rich,
Plngree, Idaho. adv. 16-tf.
Please, Consult the Directory
ALLIN 0 for telephone numbers from memory is not safe from a oon
A mistake in the number doubles the time of the operator and of the use
of the equipment employed.
One's memory is so apt to play tricks with telephone numbers. It is so
apt to prompt you, for instance, to say, 9-7-8 when the number really is
A wrong number wastes the time of the person called, of the operator and
of the person oalled in error, and involves use of needed equipment.
In the end it is necessary to oonsult the Directory. Why not consult the
Directory at the first, if only to confirm the dictates of your memory?
The point is that anything that unnecessarily takes, the time of the operators
and of equipment may be needlessly delaying calls occasioned by fire, law
lessness, accident, death, serious illness, calls necessitated by the public in
terest and welfare, calls on Government business or war work or commer
cial calls of vital importance.
Please do your full share in the task of furnishing telephone service to this
community by patriotic consideration of the time of our operating forces.
CONSULT THE DIRECTORY before calling, to insure giving the oorreot
SPEAK DISTINCTLY, LISTEN ATTENTIVELY and
MAKE YOUR CONVERSATION BRIEF.
That will help the service. It will help those who are earnestly striving to
serve you well.
The Mountain States Telephone and Telegraph Co.
BOYS AND GIRLS
HELP WAR WORK
Victory Club Organized; 130 Bing
ham County Students Will Back
A boys and girls' Victory club has
been organized in connection with
the present war work drive with
Mrs. Grace Faulconer in charge of
the girls and Professor W. D. Vin
cent In charge of the boys of Bing
The idea Is to get a million boys
and girls in the United States to vol
untarily back a million soldiers by
each earning $5.00 and paying the
amount into the fund. *ne pledged
amount may either be paid in one
sum or may be paid on the install
ment plan, just as is more conven
ient for he ones concerned.
The leaders were a little lgte in re
ceiving the matorial with iwihich to
carry on the work, but Is has nearly
all been distributed at this writing.
Pledge cards are sent out all over
the county and these are signed and
returned by the boys and girls who
and willing to undertake the patrio
tic task. All boys and girls from
twelve to twenty years are urged to
join, regardless of education ect.
There are about 4000 students In
Idaho, whom it is contemplated will
enter into the work and of that num
ber 130 come from Bingham county,
so Bingham County's share in money
will amount to $680, which will go
a long way in bringing comfort to
Each contestant is given a proper
button which will signify that he Is
working In the Victory club of boys
and girls and when the final payment
is made a certificate Is Issued which
is signed by the head of the war
work committee of the United States,
'ihomas ti. Mott in this instance.
As soon as assemblies are per
mitted the contestants will be gotten
togeuier and will each write an essay
telling how they earned their five
dollars and prizes will be awarded
for the best stories later on. A com
plete list of conteestants will be pub
lished at a latter date.
FAMILIES ILL WITH
INFLUENZA NOW RECOVERING
The Influenza seems to affect cer
tain localities more seriously than
In Moreland ..ie disease was more
prevalent, but the afflicted families
are now out of danger and on the
high road to recovery. Some of the
families are the following: Brig
Robinson, O. C. Johnson, Hyrum
Grimmit Jr., J. H. Hall and A. J.
TO RESIDE IN DENVER
Mrs. J. M. Weigel and daughter
Barbara, and Mrs. Hilda Slater ex
'pect to leave In the near future for
Denver, where they will remain in
Mr. Weigel will remain In Black
foot untill spring.
COUNCILMAN PEARSON TALKS
ON THE WATER QUESTION
Ernest Pearson, husband of a wife,
father of sons and daughters, treas
urer of the school board, member
of the city council .owner of a home
and proprietor of a grocery store,
was meditating on water systems
Friday afternoon and spake unto a
scribe as follows;
"If you haven't made up your
mind yet how you are going to vote
oh the bond issue, think it over in
this w!ay: The present water sys
tem is too small but there is a sim
ple way to feed It up to equal an
enlargement. Lay an eight-inch
main north on Stout Avenue, west
thru the Elmwood and Parkinson ad
ditions, south to some point in the
west ehd of town and then east
again. Connect at all points of in
tersection with the smaller mains,
and by this means make a feeder for
all of them. It makes a circuit and
it also makes a feeder-circuit. When
you make a heavy draft at any point,
the water sweeps in from the differ
ent lines to feed that point and pre
vent a vacuum.
"Of course pipe Is high now, but
it may soon come down some. It
will probably take from $15,000 to
820,000 to lay this quadrangular set
of mains, but that would put us in
pretty good shape for a good many
yeafs. I don't believe we could
start in with a new system and get
a set of mains laid and connect them
with the 700 customers now taking
water for any sum less than $100,
000, and we are not privileged to
cut in and hitch on to the other
man's customers. The oldest pipes
in the system have been laid twelve
years. I don't know what condition
they are in, but I am informed that
the life of pipes varies from 25 years
to 50 years. I don't know anything
about it myself. I don't think, tho,
that an old pipe is worth much if
you dig it out and dlsurb it. It
might be good enough to serve for
a long time if it is left alone, but
to take it out and relay it, would be
"Now as to your gravity system,
if we conclude to build that, we can
lead that right down and hitch on
to the present set of pipes and get
a great deal of use of them."
"I do not recommend this quad
rangular main merely on my own
lniatiative, for * am not a water en
gineer. But I understand that two
water engineers who have been for
ditforent firms t' lnvetigate the sys
tem and see what should be done to
make it the most effective, have
reached the conclusion that this
would make It the most efficient with
the least additional investment."
LEFT FOR FRANCE
Mrs. L. B. Kimbal received word
from her husband L. B. Kimbal, that
he left for France November 10.
The company he was with sailed
from Camp Merrlt, N. J.
DR. PATRIE'S OFFICE MOVED
Dr. Patrie has moved his office to
the office formerly occupied by Dr.
Sickert in the Hopkins building.
S.J. CHANEY NOW
IN Y. M. C. A. WORK
Former Blackfoot Pastor Serving as
Secretary at University Y. M. C. A.
Rev. S. J. Chaney, formerly pastor
of the Methodist church of Blackfoot,
arrived in Moscow Friday of last
week, where he will serve In the
capacity of secretary of the univer
sity Y. M. C. A., and he will also have
charge of the buldling operations of
the Y. M. C. A.
Bids on a $10,000 Y. M. C. A. for
the University of Idaho were re
ceived at Moscow Friday. The build
ing is to be paid for by the war coun.
cil of the Y. M. C .A. and the build
ing site will be furnished by the
University of Idaho, together with
heat and light. The building (will be
of bungalow style, brown stain finish
and win be one and a half stories
high. Dr, E. H. Llndley, president
of the university, expects It to serve
as a Y. M .C .A. and union building
for the next fifteen years.
President Llndley said, in speaking
of the Y. M. C. A., "This is not to be
a Y. M. C .A. hut as many suppose.
It is to be nicely furnished and will
be an addition to the campus. The
value of such a building cannot be
overestimated. It is a gathering
place for the men and intellectual
and social center for university life."
The new building will contain an
auditorium to seat 350 people, loung
ing and billiard rooms, a lobby, an
office for the secretary and several
committee rooms. Since all orders
for material ;will receive priority In
shipping, it is expected that the work
will begin very soon.
THE FARMER'S LUXURIES.
The followiing poem was written
by Mrs. John Horne, formerly Miss
Mabel Sommercorn, of this city:
Prairie land to break and till;
Pure fresh air to breathe at will,
A rake, a hoe, a plow or two,
And bills to meet as they fall due.
Milk from the old brindle cow;
Pork from the discarded sow,
Potatoes from the garden spot,
And war time bread as like as not.
An old felt hat the wind blows thru,
A well-worn shirt of navy blue,
And overalls, patched at the knee,
Which is indeed a luxury.
His bedroom with a cold, bare floor
Contains a bed and trunk no more;
He takes a bath In the old tin tub,
When he gets a chance (Ah there's
To supply himself with food and
To the mall order house his order
He labors hard, saves what he can,
And he Is a cheerful, honest man.
And so it goes the whole year thru,
His needs are'many, his pleasures
He helps to pay the pastors fee,
There, are the farmer's luxuries.
xml | txt