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Public Sale i Having decided to leave the country I will sell all my stock, implements and household goods at public auction on the Rich ranch, five miles north of Pocatello and just across the road from the Tyhee store on FRIDAY, NOV. 22 Beginning at 10:30 sharp. Free lunch at noon. 16 HORSES Pair of bay geldings 9 years old, weight 3400; pair black geldings, weight.2800; blade gelding 9 years old, weight 1500; gray mare 7 years old, weight 1400; gray gelding 8 years old, weight 1600; bay gelding 12 years old, weight 1400; bay gelding 6 years old, weight 1400; blade mare 6 years old, weight 1400; black mare 6 years old, weight 1300; black mare 7 years old, weight 1250; pair gray geld ings 9 years old, weight 3000; bay gelding 8 years old, weight 1350; pure bred Percheon stallion 18 months old; yearling mare colt. CATTLE Nine head of good milch cows, mostly Durham; 6 yearling heifers and steers, sucking calf. FARMING IMPLEMENTS New Deering binder, 7-foot cut; Superior 18 hole drill; 2 McCormick mowers; John Deer hay rake; complete hay outfit; 4 nets and boats; 160 feet of half inch cable; potato planter; potato sorter; large corrigated roller; disc harrow; 2 3-section harrows; 1 2-section harrow; John Deer 2-way plow; walking ploW; 2 spring tooth harrows; slip scraper; 6 sets work harness; 3 1-2 Studebaker wagon with wide tires; 3 1-4 Studebaker wagon with wide tires; 2 beet pullers; 2 hay racks; 1 2-horse Fairbanks-Morse gas engine; complete blacksmith outfit; 3 tents; other small tools and household goods. THREE AUTOMOBILES Five passenger, 4 cylinder Buick automobile used about eighteen months; 7 passenger, 4 cylinder Buick automobile, 1915 model; 5 passenger Ford; 140 tons of good alfalfa hay; about 135 chickens. TERMS OF SALE: All sums of $25 and under, cash; over that amount a credit of twielve months will be given on good bankable notes drawing 10 per cent interest; 5 per cent off for cash: Z. YASUDA N. E. MONTGOMERY, Auci J. B. DeHART, Clerk. NOTICE TO FARMERS Look forward to the year of 1919 for the greatest consumption of £rain and meats the world has ever seen. There is no surplus in the world excepting Australia and South America, and much of it has been lost by delays, the grain spoiling in the open country and cattle growing old on the ranges. This all hap pened in times of greatest want in the world, because of the lack of 'ships. Much of the grain in Aus tralia was. destroyed by rats and mice and by a disease that broke out among those rodents and made the grain unfit to use. It is said that much grain in Argentine was used for fuel when they could not import coal. ©uring the war the surplus in 'other countries was used up, herds ■were terribly depleted in the bellig erent countries, and starvation stares millions of people in the face. It is said there are something like forty millions hopelessly starving in Rus sia that may not be reached with re lief. The reest of the empire is short 'Of food, Poland and the Balkan •countries, Austria, Germany and Bel gium will need all the grain they can get for food and seed and it will take them a good while to get to where they have a normal supply, if the Dardinelles had been opened by the effort of 1916, there would have fceen a drop in the price of wheat be cause of what Russia could have shipped out, but now the wheat shipments thru the Dardinelles iwill .fee into Russia instead of out. LEOPARD CHANGES HIS SPOTS One ethiopian has changed his color and on" leopard has changed his spots and the unexpected miracle lias happened. When the nation is steaming in the collar for man-power and the states are sweating blood for taxes, an official resigns. Building Inspector Fred Harrison of Sacramento reslgnes his job and says and cheap deputy can do thp MITCHELL AND MAXWELL CARS Call and See Us HENDR1E IMPLEMENT COMPANY Blackioot Phone 10 South Broadway work as there is nothing to do. In justice to himself and the pub lic be has ceased to take money he did not earn on a job iwdth nothing to do. If his example were followed thou sands of men and women would be doing something else tomorrow all over our country and quit drawing unearned money. In California a few years ago the number of state employees was about 900 and today by expanding state functions it has reached 9000. The same conditions are to be found in every western state, in many counties and cities, and the evil grows at eaoh legislative session. The policies, legislation, expansion of new fields for political exploita tion, all come from the office-holding class, not from the people. But one has been conscience smit ten, has reformed, has confessed, has owned up that as department head he was a supernumerary. Let us hope ♦ AN EDITOR'S PREDICTION The late Charles Dana, editor of the New York World, said before his death that when the war ended, it would end In a foot-race with Fritz in the lead. That foot-race has just been com pleted. It began on the eighteenth of July at Chateau Thiery, and con tinued for 116 days, ending at 11 o'clock last Monday. When that other autocrat, Napo leon, was overthrown, It was pre ceed'ed by a period of intense activity that went down in history qpder the name of "The Hundred Days.'' Call 236 Allen's Transfer and get your hauling done Sunday order should be in before , 9 a. m. Office Phone 236 Residence 178 Black STEADIER HOG MARKETS PLANNED Hog Producers and Packers Confer With Repre sentatives of the Food Administration and Agricultural Department and Adopt New Plan of Regulation. In accordance with the policy of the Pood Administration since Its founda tlon to consult representative men In the agricultural Industry on occasion* of Importance to special branches of the Industry, on October 24 there was convened In Washington a meeting of the Live Stock Subcommittee of the Agricultural Advisory Board and the special members representing t'be swine ■ ! Industry to consider the situation In the hog market | The conference lasted for three days, and during this time met with th< executive committee of the fifty packing firms participating In foreign order; for pork products and with the members of the Pood Administration directing foreign pork purchases. The conclusion* of the conference were as follows: r The entire marketing altuatlon baa changed since the September Joint conference as to necessitate an entire alteration In the plana of price stabi lization. The current peace talk has alarmed the holders of corn, and there ha,8 been a price decline of from 25 cents to 40 cents per bushel. The fact that the accumulations of low priced corn In the Argentine and South Afrl would, upon the advent of -peace and liberated shipping, become avail able to the European market haB cre ated a great deal of apprehension on the part of corn holders. This decline has spread fear among swine, growers that a similar reduction In the prices of hogs would naturally follow. More over, the lower range of corn prices would, If Incorporated In a 13-to-l ra tio, obviously result In a continuously falling price for live hogs. In view of these changed conditions many swine producers anticipated lower prices and as a result rushed their hogs to market In large numbers, and this overshipment has added to and aggravated the decline. The Information of the Department of Agriculture Indicates that the sup ply of hogs has Increased about 8 per cent., while the highest unofficial esti mate does not exceed 18 per cent In creased production over last year. <On the other hand, the arrival of hogs during the last three weeks In the seven great markets has been 27 per cent more than last year, during the corresponding period, demonstrating the unusually heavy marketing of the available supply. In the face of the excessive receipts' some packers have not maintained the price agreed last month. On the other hand, many of the packers have paid over the price offered to them in an endeavor to maintain the agreed price. The re sult In any event has been a failure to maintain the October price basis determined upon at the September con ference and undertaken by the pack Another factor contributing to the break In prices during the month has been the Influenza epidemic; It has sharply curtailed consumption of pork products and temporarily de creased the labor staff of the packers so ca ers. about 25 per cent The exports of 130.000,000 pounds of pork products for October com pared with about 52,000.000 pounds In October a year ago, and the export orders placeable by the Food Administration for November, amount to 170,000,000 pounds as contrast with the • lesser exports of 98,000.000 for November. 1917. The increased demands of the allies are continuing, and are in themselves proof of the necessity for the large production for which the Food Admin istration asked. The Increase In ex port demands appears to be amply sufficient to take up the Increase In hog production, but unfavorable mar ket conditions existing In October af ford no fair index of the aggregate supply and demand. It must be evident that the enor shortage In fats In the "Central ed tnous Empires and neutral countries would Immediately upon peace result In ad ditional demands for pork products which, on top of the heavy shipments to the Allies, would tend materially to Increase the American exports, In asmuch as no considerable reservoir of supplies exists outside of the United States. It seems probable that the present prospective supplies would be Inadequate to meet this world demand with the return to peace. So far as It Is possible to Interpret this fact. It ap pears that there should be even a stronger demand for pork products after the war, and therefore any alarm of hog producers as to the effect of peace Is unwarranted by the outlook. In the light of these circumstances It Is the conclusion of the conference that attempts to hold the price of hogs to the price of corn may work out to the disadvantage of pork producers. It Is the conclusion that any Interpre tation of the formula should be a broad gauged policy applied over a long period. It Is the opinion of the conference that In substitution of th§ previous" plans of stabilization the Live Stock Subcommittee of the Agri cultural Advisory Board, together with the specially invited swine representa tives, should accept the Invitation of the Food Administration to Join with the Administration and the packers In determining the prices at which con trolled export orders are to be placed. This will be regularly done. The In fluence of these orders will be directed to the maintenance of the common ob ject—namely, the stabilization of the price of live hogs so as to secure as far M tt la possible fair returns to the producer and the Insurance of un ade quate future supply. These foreign orders are placed upon the basis of cost of hog* to thi packers. As the result of long negotiation* be'ween this body and the Packers Committee, representing the 45 to 50 packers participating In foreign ci ders, together with the Allied buyers all under the Chairmanship of the Food Administration, the following un dertaklng baa been given by the pack ers: In view of the undertakings on tin part of the Food Administration with tegard to the co-ordinated purchases of pork products, covered In the at tached,- It Is agreed that the packers participating In these orders will un dertake not to purchase hogs for less than the following agreed minimum* for the month of November, that is dally minimum of $17.50 per hundred pounds on average of packers' droves excluding throw-outs. "Throw-outs' to be defined as pigs under 13c pounds, stags, boars, thin sows anti skips. Further, that no hogs of an.v kind shall be bought, except throw outs, at less than $16.50 per hundred pounds. The average of paekers droves to be construed as the average of the total sales In the market of a!' hogs for a given day. All the nbov. to be based on Chicago. We agree that a committee shall bi appointed by the Food Administratin' to check the dally operations In tin various markets with a view to supei vislon and demonstration of the carry ing out of the above. The ability of the backers to cnrrj out this arrangement will depend on there being a normal marketing of hogs based upon the proportionate In crease over the receipts of last year The Increase In production appears n be a maximftm of about 15 per cent and we can handle such an Increase. If the producers of hogs should, as they have In the past few weeks, pre maturely market hogs In such Incress Ing numbers over the above It Is en tlrely beyond the ability of the pnek ers to maintain these mlnlmums. and therefore we must have fhe co-opern tlon of the producer himself to main tain these results. It Is a physica Impossibility for the capacity of th> packing houses to handle a slmllni over-flood of hogs and to find a mnrke for the output. The packer* are anx lous to co-operate with the producer In maintaining a stabilization of price and to see that producers receive a fair price for their products. (Signed) THOS. E. WILSON, Chairman Parkers' Committee. The plan embodied above was adopt ed by the conference. The Food Administrator ha* appoint ed a committee, comprising Mr. Thomas B. Wilson, chairman of the Pack ers' Committee; Mr. Everett. Brown, president of the Chicago Livestock Ex change; Major Roy of the Food Ad ministration, Mr. Lonls D. Hall of the Bureau of Markets, to undertake the supervision of the execution of the plan In the various markets. Commis sion men are asked to co-operate in carrying out the plan embodied In (he packers' agreement. It must be evi dent that offers by commission men to sell hogs below the minimum estab lished above Is not fair, either to the producer or the participating packers. Mr. Brown has undertaken on behalf of the commission men In the United States that they will loyally suppori the plan. v It Is believed by the conference that this new plan, based as It Is upon n positive tnlnlmum basis, wjll bring bet ter results to the producer than aver age prices for the month. It does^iot limit top prices and should narrow the margins necessary to country buy ers lb more variable markets. It Is believed that the plan should work out close to $18 average. Swine producers of the country will contribute to their own Interest by not flooding the market, for It mus! tie evident that If an excessive over per centage of hogs Is marketed In any one month price stabilization and con trol, cannot succeed, and it Is ceriu n that producers themselves can contri bute materially to the efforts of the conferences If they will do their mark eting In as normal a way as possible The whole situation as exist Inu nl present demands a frank and explicit assurance from the conferees repre sented—namely, that every possible effort will be made to maintain a live hog price commensurate with swine production costs and reasonable sell ing values In execution of the declared policy of the Food Administration to use every agency In Its control to secure Justice to th® farmer. The stabilization methods adopted for November represent the best ef forts of the conference, concurred In by the Food Administration and the it / MY HOME IN IT I AM HAPPIEST. M it WITH IT AS AN ALLY I CAN FACE THE WHOLE WORLD UNAFRAID. 44 II n FOR IT I WILL FIGHT TO THE LAST DITCH. THRU IT I AM SURE OF SECURITY AND PRO TECTION FOR MY WIFE AND CHILDREN AFTER ! AM. GONE. (4 11 "OWNING IT I AM A BETTER CITIZEN. When f think of what it means to me and what it stands for I am ready to prosecute this war until the least suggestion of danger threatening its sacredness is wiped from the earth. Working to acquire it I'have learned the great lesson of thrift and independence. 44 i. tt Where's Your Home? f Our Architectural Department is at Your Service, Ready to Plan Your Home. FREE. FREE. FREE. Our two mammoth Idaho Mills are working night and day getting out the lumber for your Idaho home. > Sr? SEE V 7 & 3 W. B. Royce Blackfoot F. C. Mickelson Shelley J. T. Foster A. F. Willecke E. O. Taylor L. G. Wells 2 "0 UJ > iP sr i Firth ss rt Taber Sterling Rockford C. C. Tompkins Keever /dahS Manufacturers of Western Soft Pine Livestock Subcommittee of the Agri cultural Advisory Board, together with special swlns members and the representatives of the packers, to im prove the present unsatisfactory situ ation, which has unfortunately result ed because of the Injection of uncon trollable factors. We ask the producer to co-operate with us In a most difficult task. The members of the Conference were: Producers—H. C. Stuart, Elk Gar den, Va., Chairman Agricultural Ad visory Board; W. M. McFadden, Chi cago, 111.; A. Sykes, Ida Grove, la.; John M. Evvard, Ames, la.; J. H. Mer cer, Live Stock Commission for Kan sas ; J. G. Brown, Monon, Ind.; E. C. Brown, President Chicago Livestock Exchange; N. H. Gentry, Sedalla, Mo.; John Grattan, Broomfield, Colo.; Eu gene Funk, Bloomington, RL; Isaac Lincoln, Aberdeen, S. D.; C. W. Hunt, Logan, la.; C. E. Tancey, W. R. Dod son. Food Administration—Herbert Hoo ver, F. S. Snyder, Major B. L. Roy, G. H. Powell. ~ Department of Agriculture—Louis D. Hall, F. R. Marshall. The packers present and others sharing in foreign orders were repre sented by the elected packers' commit tee. Those represented were: Packers—Armour A Co., Chicago, I1L; Cudahy Packing Co., Chicago, HL; Morris A Co., Chicago, 111.; Swift A Co., Chicago, 111.; Wilson A Co., Chica go, Hi.; John Agar Co., Chicago, 111.; Armstrong Packing Co., Dallas, Tex.; Boyd Dunham A Co., Chicago, 111.; Brennan Packing Co., Chicago, IH.; Cincinnati Abattoir Co., Cincinnati, O.} Cleveland Provisions Oo., Cleve land, O.; Cudahy Bros. Co., Cudahy, Wis.; J. Dold Packing Co., Buffalo, N. Y.; Dunlevy Packing Co., Pittsburg, Pa.; J. B. Decker A Sons, Mason City, la.; Evansville Packing Co., Evans vlUe, Ind.; Bast Side Packing Co,, Bast AUTOMOBILES WE HAVE ONE OVERLAND SIX ONE COLE EIGHT ONE STUDEBAKER SIX ONE METZ ONEFORD At your own terms. Come in and look them over. They are all in the best condition and are priced moderately. BILLS AUTO CO. Idaho Blackfoot St Louis, fll.; Hamhiond Standish A Co., Detroit, Mich.; G. A. Hormel & Co., Austin, Minn.; Home Packing A Ice Co., Terre Haute, Ind.; Independ ent Packing Co., Chicago, 111.; Indian apolis Abattoir Co., Indianapolis, Ind.; International Provision Co., Brooklyn, N. Y.; Interstate Packing Co., Winona, Minn.; Iowa Packing Co., Des Moines, la.; Powers Begg Co., Jacksonville, 111.; Klngan & Co., Indianapolis, Ind.; Krey Packing Co., St. Louis, Mo.; Lake Erie Provision Co., Cleveland, O.; Lay ton Co., Milwaukee, Wis.; Oscar Mayer St Bro., Sedgwick and Beethoven streets, Chicago, 111.; J. T. McMillan Co.; St Paul, Minn.; Miller St Hart, Chicago, 111.; J. Morrell A Co., Ottum wa, la.; Nuckolls Packing Co., Pueblo, Colo.; Ogden Packing and Provision Co., Ogden, Utah; Ohio Provision Co., Cleveland, O.; Parker Webb A Co., De troit, Mich.; Pittsburg Packing and Provision Co., Pittsburg, Pa.; Rath Packing Co., Waterloo, la.; Roberts A Oake, Chicago, 111.; Rohe A Bros., New York City; W. C. Routh A Co., Logans port, Ind.; SL Louis Ind. Packing Co.. St Louis, Mo.; Sinclair A Co., T. M. Cedar Rapids, la.; Sullivan A Co., De troit Mich.; Theurer-Norton Provision Co., Cleveland, O.; Wilson Provision Co., Peoria, 111.; Western Packing and Provision Co., Chicago. HI.; Charles Wolff Packing Co., Topeka, Kan. The population In 1870 was 800; jp 1010 It was 102,999. Winnipeg's Growth. Prior to 1870 Winnipeg was nothing more than a chief trading post of the Hudson Bay company, whose head quarters were at Fort Garry (erected in 1888), on ground now Included In the city. The first house of the ham let was built hi 1860. The city was in corporated in 1878, and its growth since has been marvelous. The area of the city by 1912 was 12,700 acres.