United States Shipping Board
Establishes One in Chicago.
MEN NEEDED FOR FIREROOMS
Chicago Hotel Converted Into School
at Which Young Americans by Hun
dreds Are Prepared for Scientifically
Keeping Fires Burning on Nation's
Bridge of Ships to Europe"—Inten
sive Course of Study Is Laid Down.
Among the training projects of the
various branches of the government
that have grown out of the war, the
United States shipping board an
nounces the launching of one that has
the distinction of novelty.
It ls a technical school, or "college,"
for merchant marine firemen. Holding
that the marine fireman's job ls more
than merely shoveling coal on a fire,
the shipping board has prepared for
Intensive, scientific training of its fire
men before they are placed behind the
shovel on our bridge of ships to Eu
One aim in this training is to secure
conservation of coal. It ls believed
that a fireman who knows the heat
value of the fuel he is handling, the
laws of combustion and the principles
of operation of the boilers under which
he maintains fires, can save at least
a ton of coal a week, as compared with
the untrained man, or one who has
been trained only by "rule of thumb."
As there are estimated to be 7,00v
American and allied ships in service
at this time, the importance of this
principle of saving'is apparent.
Use Hotel as School.
The Chicago school for firemen was
decided upon as a means of employing
to the fullest the high-grade material
which was coming into the flre-foom
service of the merchant marine in the
middle West, in common with other
In order that the young men'should
have proper care while studying, the
idea of an official community was
adopted. A disused hotel, in a down
town section, was secured and fitted
up on the lines of a seminary, with liv
ing quarters for 500 students, and a
spacious lecture hall, all under one
Here, under the direction of instruc
tors and proctors—the latter are a kind
of glorified master-at-arms—the stu
dents lead a busy and wholesome life.
It ls a case of plain living and high
thinking with them, for their time is
limited at the school to one month at
the outside, and there is much for
them to learn. Some of the men having
fired boilers before attending the
school, find the instruction a valuable
The main subjects are: "Materials
of Combustion," "Process of Combus
tion," "Types of Boilers," "Boiler
Parts and Accessories," and "Oil Burn
ers for Murine Boilers."
Get Practical Experience.
There are also talks on fire-room
practice and the relations of the fire
man to the engineers, oilers and water,
tenders with whom he works at sea.
Part of each day is devoted to actual
firing. Some of this firing is done at
power plants, and some on lake steam
ers, making short trips.
When a student lias absorbed the
"book learning" in the Chicago course
he is sent to a seaport for a final
course of instruction and to "get his
sea legs," on one of the shipping
board's 12 training ships.
Volunteers are being signed up in
every state in the Union. Candidr.ites
accepted are from eighteen to thirty
five inclusive, and must weigh at least
140 pounds. The board will pay the
fare to Chicago of volunteers from
Ohio, Michigan, Illinois, Indiana, Wis
consin, Minnesota, the Dakotas, Ne
braska, Iowa, Missouri and Kansas,
and thence to a seaport, and also give
them their board at Chicago. The
fare of men Loin other states will be
paid direct to a seaport, where they
will be trained. In either case the vol
unteer will receive ,$30 a month train
ing pay. When he gets behind the
shovel at sea he will be given $75 a
month, with 50 per cent added for voy
ages through the European war zone.
MOTOR TRACTORS HELP
Keep Artillery Almost Abreast of Ad
vance at All Times.
Americans in London who are famil
iar with late developments in army
methods believe that the American
success in the Solssous-Chateau Thier
ry counter-offensive was due to their
ability to move heavy artillery for
Artillery motor tractors, it ls be
lieved, are the answer. By use of the
armored tractor they could keep their
artillery almost abreast of the ad
vance at all times. The tractor ls
said to be able to do six miles an hour
over the .roughest ground.
Ex-Governor Chops Wood.
Herbert 8 . Hadley, former governor
of Missouri, now professor of law at
the University of Colorado, is a boss
prowess with the ax he has piled up
on a siding near a railroad 50 cords
of pitch wood ready for consumers.
About fifteen university students help
ed In the chopping, all paid by Profes
sor Hadley, who ls head of the Patri
otic lepgue of the university.
As evidence of his
DID rULL DUTY
Increase in American Hogs Will
Help to Meet World Fat
FARMERS SAVE SITUATION.
Government Justified in Stimulation
of .Pork Production—Sevenfold
Increase Over Pre
Through Increased production and
conservation we will be able this year
to export seven times our pre-war
average exports of pork products.
With the heavy demands added In car
ing for the millions who have been
freed from German oppression, the
Department of Agriculture and the
Food Administration are justified to
day In our every action of stimulation
of hog production. In the coming year
the greatest world shortage will be in
fats, and pork will help to save this
situation. The efficacy of the policy
Of stimulated production has built up
In tills country supplies which will en
able us to supply a very large part of
the fat deficiency of the world. In
beef there must be a shortage in Eu
rope, due largely to limited refrigera
tor ship capacity. All freezer ships
available, however, will' be filled by
America, Argentine and Australia.
The contribution made by the pro
ducers of this country to the war pro
gram as applying particularly to ani
mal food products is illustrated by the
Reports complied by the D. S. De
partment of Agriculture Indicate an
increase In cattle of 10,238,000 head
and 12,441,000 hogs. These figures
were compiled to January 1 last.
In this period there was a decrease
In sheep of 819,000 head. The indica
tions are that this decrease will show
an Increase, according to recent re
Since January 1 unofficial informa
tion indicates an Increase in hogs of
not less than 8 per cent and not
more than 15 per cent as compared
with one year ago, with an increase in
the average weight.
Following the request of the D. S.
Food Administration for an Increase
In hog production for marketing in the
fall of 1918 and the spring of 1919 the
Increase may yield not Jess than 1,000,
000,000 pounds more of pork products
than were available last year. With
out this increase the shipping program
arranged by Mr. Hoover regarding an
imal food products would have been
The dressed hog products during the
three months ending September 30,
1917, amounted to 903,172,000 pounds,
while for the corresponding months of
1918 the dressed hog products totaled
1,277,589,000, an Increase of over 374,
000,000 pounds for the quarter.
During the same period for 1917 the
records of Inspected slaughter of
dressed beef showed 1,263,000,000
pounds as against 1,454,000,000 pounds
for the three month period endiug
September 1, this year.
Our food Gospel
America's Pledge ot Food j
Gave Heart to the Allies
In Their Darkest Hour
Whatever Is necessary America will
send. That was America's pledge to
the Interallied food council. And be
cause the American food army had
hitherto made good they took heart
and went forward.
Farm enterprise and much soft com
increased pork supplies, food conser
vation Increased exports—total ship
♦ 4-4 , 4 , 4**4 , 4-4-4 , 4 ,, #4 , 4 ,, M-4* +
+ FAITH JUSTIFIED
BY EVENTS. +
I do not believe that drastic *
* force need be applied to main- +
* tain economic distribution and *
+ sane use of supplies by the +
* great majority of American peo- +
* pie, and 1 have learned a deep ♦
+ and abiding fajth in the Intelll- ♦
* gence of the average American ♦
* business man, whose aid we an- ♦
* ticlpate and depend on to reme- *
* dy the evils developed by the *
* war.—Herbert Hoover, August ♦
♦ 10. 1917.
Buy less - Serve less
Eat only 3 meals a d$y
Y&ur guests will cheer
fuljy snare simple fare
Be Proud to be
a food saver
1 YANK MAJOR WOUNDED
REFUSES A FURLOUGH
After serving with the British army
In France Maj. Cushman Rice came
home when America entered the war
to fight with his own men. He was
commissioned a major in the air serv
ice. He was badly wounded last spring
but refused a furlough. He suffered a
relapse and is now at Walter Reed
hospital slowly recovering.
CAPTURES OWN BROTHER
Dramatic Incident Occurs on the
The great war—breeder of romance
and adventure—has given birth to one
of the most dramatic situations record
ed since the kaiser's hordes started
on their march through Belgium in
A United States marine fighting on
the western front recently captured
his own brother during a raid on the
enemy trenches. During the days of
the Civil war, when brother fought
brother and father and son faced
each other through the smoke of bat
tle, such Incidents were more or less
everyday occurrences. But in this,
the greatest of all wars, writers have
been quick to sayjhat romance in bat
tle was a thing of the past.
Private Harold J. Dibbs of the U. S.
marine crops, tells of the incident in
a letter written to his parents In Great
"A strange Incident happened when
I went over the top. I saw a marine
capture his own brother, who had
beer —it into the Germany army while
it over there. Another soldier
of an allied nation wanted to kill him,
as he had helped in the capture. It
was on interesting sight, to be sure.
The brother declared his intention of
joining the American forces.'
SINKS MANY HUN SUBS
French Marine Patrol Is Doing Effec
A report Just issued by the French
admiralty shows that during the month
of July of this year, the aerial sea and
coast patrols of the French marine cov
ered a total of 485,330 miles.
This Includes the work of the cap
tive and navigating balloons, coast air
planes and seaplanes. Credit for the
sinking of many submarines by French
boats is given the aerial branch of the
marine service because of its untiring
work in ferreting out the .sea pirates.
The aerial patrol also discovered nu
merous groups of mines laid by Ger
man submarines in French waters.
During July, the report states, cap
tive ballooi s were In action for 5,540
hours, dirigibles for 1,311 hours, air
planes and 'hydroavions for 7,432
hours. During the months of June the
aerial sea patrol covered 447,040 miles.
SPOILS HYMN OF HATE
Yank Shell Cuts Short Note Being
Written by Hun.
A square hit from an American shell
ended the hymn of hate a German non
commissioned officer was writing, in a
dugout ip a French village, to his
sweetheart in Berlin. The letter was
found near his body when the Ameri
can troops occupied the town.
"Dear Frieda," the note read, "I am
... . .. . ... . .
wultlng for the time when this awful
Nrar wIH be over and 1 can come back
and hold you In my arms. But first I
hope It will fall to my lot to kill a
dozen of these dirty American dogs
The letter ended there. A shell had
penetrated the dugout and blown the
German to pieces.
Pearls at $35 Per Day.
Pearls at $35 a day is the computa
tion made regarding.the cost of up
keep of a single string of pearls which.
Have been sold at auction in London.
Mme. de Falbe's pearls were sold
for $237,000, the largest amount ever
paid for any article of art or lflxury
sqjd at auction. Annual Interest on
the sum would be approximately $ 12 ,
000 a year. If worn but on a few great
occasions during a year, as Is likely,
they become more expensive than
Hid Sugar in Pillow Slip.
Government investigators are after
sugar hoarders :• ' Pottsville, Pa., some
of whom bought large supplies before
the regulations went Into effect. One
woman was found to have 350 pounds
of sugar concealed In pillow slips.
FIGHT ON HISTORIC GROUND
American Troop* Operating in Country
for Many Centuries the Scene I
. of Ware and Revolutions. I
, ... , .
American soldiers during their brief
through ruins and over fields Inade fa
miliar to students of history by cen
turles of wars and revolutions. Some
of them have already fought on the
scene of some of Napoleon's operations
In the region of the Marne. 1
Some are training over ground where !
the Normans fought the French and
where the French fought the Span-!
lards. Later they will perhaps be
marching in line of battle over the
wto, ,h. French .» 4 ,he Ge *}
mans have fought again and again and (
where they will help the French and
the British end the last of the wars to
devastate the valleys of France for
centuries to come.
. . i
by the Americans in ancient churches, j
which, along with object lessons in his
tory, will give the attentive soldier an
enlarged appreciation of art and archi
Nearly the entire history of France
is pictured all over the areas occupied
Asked to what extent the men were
profiting from these opportunities, an
officer of the American forces said that,
after getting located, the soldier takes
the first opportunity to explore the
neighborhood. To use one of the Brit
ish terms that are taking root among
the overseas men, they "push off" into
all the noolcs and corners. If their con
ceptions of what they see are often
vague at first they soon get the habit
of observation which develops into
taste and, in a goodly number of cases,
becomes a study.
TURNING RATS TO ACCOUNT
Japanese Authorities Aptlcipate Sub
stantial Revenue From Leather
Made From Hides of Pests.
In the neighborhood of Aomori, Ja
pan, the hides of squirrels are tanned
and used as carpets, neckcloths and
for other purposes. This has sug
gested to Doctor Hasegawa Kiyonari,
head of the Hasegawa hospital at
Osaka, who Is a member of the Osaka
municipal assembly, the possibility of
turning to good account the hides of
the numerous rats bought by the mu
nicipal authorities, in view of the
great advance in the price of hides
and leather. Doctor Hasegawa ap
proached the authorities with the pro
posal, which was favorably received.
They accordingly tanneJ the skins of
two rats and sought the opinion of
dealers as to what the leather would
sell for. The dealers estimated that
the skin of one rat was worth 20
in Its raw condition. The public health
authorities are now devising special
means of disinfecting and tanning rat
It is estimated that a great sum
could have been obtained by tanning
the hides of one-third of the rats
bought by the Osaka municipal
thoritles during the last twenty years.
Pnt down a red mark to the senate's
credit for introducing the word "poily
fox." Here we have pussyfooting with
characteristics more subtle even than
silence. If one pussyfoots, well and
good; he does not disturb, and It may
reasonably be argued that only those
engaged In evil doing or suffering from
nerves object to those who come upon
The pussyfooter may have no ob
jectionable purpose In pussyfooting.
He may even be amiably determined
not to distract one engaged in ponder
ing a painful problem, as whether It
is better to earn an income and be
taxed, or to escape both and play golf.
But, as we understand it, to pollyfox
Implies a sly purpose. An angel child
possessed of a chunk of ice, with its
lovely orbs fixed on the Inviting space
between Its papa's neck and collar,
will pollyfox even If It never heard of
There ls much in the contemplation
of politics which makes to welcome
the verb "to pollyfox." — New York
Well, That's Different,
While high-priced lawyers' argued
wrathfully for their clients over the
ownership of a little white Eskimo dog
the animal In controversy was brought
Into court in a sack by a negro, dead.
Instantly the contestants changed
sides. This was at Atlanta.
"Give It to that woman there,'
-claimed Mrs. M. M. Brazell, who had
sworn out a possessory warrant for a
Spitz dog before Judge L. Z. Rosser.
"No, give it to her, I want her to
have It," retorted Mrs. Annji Lee, who
was contesting the possessory war
The confused negro left the dog and
Judge Rosser gave the dead dog to
A 72-Year-Old Messenger Boy.
Auburn, N. Y„ has a seventy-two
yearold messenger boy. Although re
tlredf from active work, he decided he
could do some war service by taking
some young man's place with the tele
"I have had some amusing experi
ences," he remarked recently. "I an
swered one call, and the man said:
'Are you from the Western Union?' I
replied that I was. 'Well,' he said, 'I
wanted a boy, not the president of the
company.' There was another call to
the St. Cloud and I went. The man
said: 'Are you a boy?' But before I
could answer another man remarked
facetiously, 'He was when yon
$ + ♦+♦ * ♦■ ! «»■ ! ♦ > ■ ♦ »i ♦ t * !
t GOSHEN +
I ♦ + + + + + ++ + + + + + + + + +
. The son of J. H. Hansen, who was
klcke4 by a horBe Nov 17 ls dolng
Sunday at h -rth visiting with Mr.
ar *d Mrs. D. N. Johnson.
Sterling Hansen has gone to Idaho
i Falls to work in the mill.
• Maud Robenson is very ill with
1 the influenza.
Wilford M. cnristensen has moved
Mr. and Mrs. A. E .Story spent
Terry Young, who has suffered for
the past ten days from ..an abcess
on bl8 ne ® k '„ ls 8 l l?htly improved,
( Mr, and Mrs. Willie Peterson hre
rejoicing over the arrival of a baby
The Julius Monsen family have the
I Mr. and Mrs. Irwin' Jolley and
daughter Nelda spent Thanksgiving
i with Mr. and Mrs. W. R. Young, it
j being Mr. Young's fiftieth birthday..
The beets are coming in very
slow at the Goshen dump on account
of the very cold weather.
Mr. and Mrs. Lars Sorensen have
moved to the townsite.
David Staples has moved in the
Wilford Christensen house.
Heber Killian is on the sick list.
£♦4 : 4 I ♦ ! 1 ♦* ♦ » ♦ *♦*♦*
I. H. Allred is here from Spring
field looking up some lost stders
that strayed from the Leach and Ber
ryman ranch while the Leach fam
ily were stricken with the flu.
Joe M. Johnson of Pocatello, trav
eling agent for the American Ex
press company, arranged last week
by telephone with his old friends,
Paul H. Allred, for the purchase of
eight fat gdese to be distributed
among the employees of the com
pany and for a turkey for himself
■ and one for One of the boys who
preferred turkey to goose.
Johnson met Mr. and Mrs. Allred
at the express office in Blackfoot on
Saturday to receive the birds and
when he laid a creamy fat goose by
the side of a turkey he said, "I must
find some way to beat one of the
boys out of his goose so that I can
have one for myself, for the goose
looks better than Hie turkey to me."
Mr. Disher, agent at Blackfoot, was
one of the boys who secured a goose.
Paul H. Allred was recently of
fered a good position with the Ex
press Co. at Pocatello, but could not
leave aj that time because crops
were not all gathered. Mr. Allred,
however, is expecting another call
at any time.
Mr. and Mrs. Herbert Adams of
Blackfoot motored out to the Allred
ranch on Sunday for a few hours
visit at the old home of Mrs. Adams.
Lafayette Parkin, who was out
during the past week in the interest
of the War Work Fund, reports that
the response among the people as 41
whole was excellent.
D. J. Murdock is In charge of a
crew of teams that are working on
the American Falls Canal out at
the W. J. McCarty raneh.
Philips Bell and Milton Wood are
working on the American Falls canal.
Owing to the fact that the railroad
company was compelled to take off
the beet train, there will be no beet
loading at the Thomas dump for
William Wilkins is back finishing
his cropping. He was called to Mos
cow on account of the death of Mrs.
Wilkins, who died there from an at
tack of influenza contracted while
nursing her son, Charles, who was
in trainihg there. The sympathy of
the community goes out to Mr. Wil
kins and the two children.
There are no new cases of influ
enza in Thomas at this writnig.
Paul H. Allred is in receipt of a
letter from France, written by Nor
man Feldsted on Oct. 23. Norman
who ha 3 been with the Motorcycle
Corps in France for a long time, says
he is proud that he is the son of a
country that has don^ what Amer
ica has done for France, and all of
Europe. He says the French are an
industrious and economical people,
but with all free and courteous. He
and Tomy Williams are still together.
They left here together.
There was a little more hog
trouble in Thomas the other day.
It appears that a man who moved
Into our community about three
years ago set his face against an old
community custom of turning hogs
loose in the fall to salvage the waste
of the fields. He has an unenviable
amount of trouble with most of his
immediate neighbors.' Last winter
an old pioneer settler, noted for his
peace-making ability, volunteered to
take up a labor with this man. He
Invited him onto his own place and
by facts and figures showed him
how badly the nation needed hog
production and the tremenduous
waste of the fields that could be
turned to account in this line. The
»£n said he admitted all this and
that the hog suffered no appreciable
amount of damage, but that he had
gone into the fight and that the hog
law was on his side and he did not
propose to lay down because It would
look like he was whipped. A neigh
bor told the writer that only'for this
man he would have produced lots of
ho^s during the war. 'Another told
him that in the midst of the war he
was driven out of the hog business
by this man. Interested people of
our community as well as others, can
kill this obselet law and sweep it
from the statute books, simply by
conferring with Senator Lee- and
Representatives. Robbins and Yor
John Baker was up to the Allred
ranch buying cabbage and carrots.
John says it ls a long time since he
was German, but he likes sauer
Harold Hawkes' fine mare sus
tained a broken leg recently and had
to be shot.
The family of James Jackson are
suffering with influenza.
Dan Jackson is reported wounded
on the western front during the
fighting in the latter part of October.
Lou»Hennifer, who left here with
T rf rn c, P
P O 776
Private Elmer G. Tedder, Co. 5.
112 Inf., A. E. F. via N. Y.
Corporal Harry V. Jordon, Radio
Station, San Diego, Cal.
Somewhere in Belgium, Oct. 26, 1918
Dear brother and mother:
Well this finds me in Mylarded,
Belgium, after quite a trip a la foot
back, to Mussey and a la box-car
here. Surely I thought 1 had seen
enough foreign soil, hut I guess not.
1 am feeling fine and am back in
the kitchen again. I guess I won't
see battle again in case I do happen
to go up again.
I supppse you read the battle of
Argonne forest, and that you know
considerable, about it. We made the
drive between the Argonne and the
Meuse. We hit them for nine day
steady, went back of the lines and
then right back at them again for
five days more. Then to rest up we
hiked it to the rear.
Our division, the ninety-first, is
cited for bravery in the fight they
put up, and what we accomplished,
so I suppose we get a medal or some
kind of an ornament. Guess I'll
look like a county fair when I re
turn. However, I $rill be satisfied if
I don't get any more stripes. .
We are pretty well rested now and
are drilling as of old. Of course, we
need to do something to keep us oc
Belgium is much different from
France, the country is level and the
soil looks better. Of course, I
haven't dug airy holes as In the
French soil. There are nice houses
on farms, at least they were nice be
fore the coming of the Hun. They
are made of brick, with tile roofs,
and are finished on the inside like
our houses. The towns, that is what
is left of them, shows that once they
were real good. One town nearby is
in gqpd condition now, comparing It
to the rest of the evacuated places.
I suppose you would be glad to
know that I landed in Scotland and
traveled down across England to
South Hampton, and across to La
Harve and then a la box-car to
southeastern France. We trained at
Chaumont and Bossigny. So ycju see
it has been quite a trip.
One thing about being here is that
we are close to the sea so it wouldn't
be much of a trip to embark.
Don't worry about Fritz hitting
me. He doesn't seem to have my
correct address and lam not handing
out any cards;
Don't worry about my welfare.
Love and b est wishes,
The following letter is written to
Mrs. Garfield Bond from her ^bro
On active service,
Oct. 21, 1918.
Dear Cora and Garfield:
I'll write you a line as it is the
first I have had a chance to write
for nearly a month, so you will have
to excuse this leter if you find It
short and soiled, as I have been pack
ing this paper for several vieeks. I
am well apd feeling fine considering
the rain and mud which ls about
I wish we had a little of that good
old Idaho sun and some of that wind
that is so plentiful there, over here.
It has been raining most of the time
for a month; the soil is yellow clay,
so you know it is some sticky. The
desert out there looks awfully good
compared with this country. Most
of the towns around here are pretty
well demolished, as this is in the
war zone. In some there is only a
wall or two left standing, others
have a few buildings still, while
others have only a few buildings
Well I have been over the top as
they say. We were on a big drive
and it was moving day for the Huns
right along. We are in a different
locality now which is very quiet.
I have only got two letters since
I came over and they were mailed
to me at Camp Kearney, they say
jf a fellow gets a letter here before
three months he is In luck. I am
mailing you a coupon, but It is doubt
ful if you will get it in time to send
me a Christmas package. The only
thing I need is a pair of wool or
light leather gloves, some home-made
candy or hard chocolate would be
great. Anyway don't send anything
very valuable for I might not get it.
Well I did not get to mail this
so I know you won't get the coupon
in time, but I will leave it anyway.
When you Write you might send a
few post card pictures,, I mean pho
tos. Well for a wonder we have had
four or five days that It hasn't
rained," the sun peeks out once in
a while, but it is mostly cloudy.
Well write and tell me all the
news, there isn't much to write
here except war and that is taboo.
So good bye,
NOTICE TO TAX PAYERS
Persons having their tax notices
and desiring to make payment are
informed that It is much more con
venient to the treasurer to receive
checks By mail accompanied by the
tax notice. Many more receipts can
be written in a day, where the re
mittances are made yb mall than
where the tax payers come to the of.
flee In person.
A suggestion is offered that un
less the tax payer wishes to see the
treasurer personally thaj a check be
attached to the notice and be mailed
in or handed In and the tax notice
will be returned to the individual by
H. ANDREW' BENSON,
adv. 29e L 9mf.
him, is in the hospital.
John A. Anderson returned Friday
from the lavas with a big load of
Owing to the hard freezing wea
ther the work on the American Falls
canal has been discontinued for the
The Fjelstead thresher is on the
last Job of threshing for this sea
son In the Thomas district,
oats ancf barley are still so green
that they can average only about 25
bushels per day.
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