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®he Kiialjn SepitbUcan OFFICIAL PAPER OF CITY AND COUNTY $3 a Year / BLACKFOOT, BINGHAM COUNTY, IDAHO, FRIDAY, DECEMBER 6 , 1918 Vol. XV. No. 21 BOYS EMPLOYED AT LOCAL FACTORY DEMAND MORE PAY AND PARTIAL STRIKE FOLLOWS Want Pay Increased to Equal That of Men; Grad ually Qoing Back to Work. Idle Days Made Use of by Renovating Equipment If labor strikes are really indica tive of metropolitan characteristics, Blackfoot 1 b rapidly advancing to the fore. As a sequel to the demand for shorter hours and greater per hour pay successfully made by the men at the local sugar factory last week a strike of the gradually slump ing fervof has' been waged at the name institution for the past few days in an effort to secure better wages for the boy employers. It appears that, following the in auguration of the eight-hour day with cents per hour for the men, the hoys during the latter part of last week demanded an increase to bring their per-hour pay virtually to that of the men. The management promptly rejected the demand, but with an additional statement that they would pay the hoys 30 and 35 cents per hour. After a consultation the boys stated they had decided upon 40 IDAHOANS MAKING HISTORY FOR U. S. WHILE IN FRANCE Sergt. John M Bradley Writes of Heroic Deeds . of Boys From North western States; Want to do Good Job. Sergt, John M. Bradley, formerly a newspaper man of Boise and south ern Idaho, now with the U. S. field artillery in France, in writing to Boise friends under date of Optober 26, has a few interesting items of re count of the life experienced in his department. Apparently Sergeant Bradley had no idea at that time peace was so near. His letter, that reached Boise Saturday, reads as lollows: "We are getting on quite well over here, thank you; making a regular ' name fpr ourselevs and just now fondly dreaming that maybe we will get back to the S. O. S. after a while for a rest. You know this war game operates so that the real burdens are not quite equally distributed and the men jvho make up the gun crews have a 'helluva' hard time of it whether firing or off duty. Always (they must be constantly on the alert for incoming shells and gas; knows when either is coming. one never .For hours it may be quite as a May morning and then without a second's warning they come tearing over. Or they may be going far over or to the right or left of you, but just the same when a gun crew stands by, houfr after hour of an eight-hour shift and hears and sees the big ones com ing along and maybe lighting into <r the infantry lying by or passing and sometimes knocking out a bunch, it becomes terrifically nervwracking. Old Regiment Thing of Past "Our own old regiment is so split up that it has no chance of getting mentioned as a state like some of the infantry are doing, but let me tell you that we have been cited by these French commanders, to whom wa were attached for a while for lis tinguished service. Our batteries have all acquited themselves in fine that three of our batteries are from Washington, and let me say, that when the story comes to be told of certain big offensivies; the entire northwest will be thrilled with the story of the part played there by the sons of Idaho, Oregon, Washington, Colorado and Montana. "Today is a beautiful sunny day, and my pal, the supply sergeant, is on the bum—had a corking sty on his eye; I myself am tired, head tired, and want to recreate so pretty soon we are going to sneak away and what we can see over beyond the next hill. I bet a coon skin It's Just another hill. Come along. ILnes are so tight now that there Is very little one can say. But we can al ways say that we are hitting the ball in grand shape and making hay - while the sun shines, and I think the papers are keeping you pretty well informed. One thing you can bank on—the volunteers of this man's army are behind President Wilson's note to a man. There can be but one answer, one finish, and we are ready to stay here for that finish If it takes us another year. We have seen too much to want it to be any other You understand of course see way. Praise for Hospital Corps "Cliff Windsor is working in the regimental dentist shop and doing very well indeed. Our hospital corps has made good when it came to the show down and we are really quite proud of our pill shooters and let me tell you they have not always hhd a soft snap of it either. When a man goes down in the field it is up to them to go out and get himf and, well—they go out and get him, and that's all there is to it. ' cents per hour aB the minimum wage at which their services might be pro cured. The management reiterated their previous statement—and then The men an nounced that they were with the boys in the fight, and consequently on last Saturday the factory ran with a much depleted force and on a much re duced scale. Each day since then a number of the boys have gone ,back to the job, a contributing factor being the will ingness of other boys to work at the wages offered by the management. The most of the men who struck with the boys were hack at their plac'es on Wednesday. Theoretically the strike is still on, but practically, and in effect, its force is spent. The few days of lessened activity were made use of by a cleaning up of the factory's equipment in pre paration for the remaining strenuous days of the present season's cam paign. the clash was on. WILSON SAILSON MISSION OF PEACE GOES TO CONFERENCE FOR CRUSHING OF PRUSSIAN MILI TARISM -,ND FOR FUTURE WITHOUT WAR. NEW YORK, Dec. 4.—Woodrow Wilson, president-'^of the United States, sailed today for Europe to participate as one of five represen tatives of the United States to the peace conference to be held in France. The transport George Wash ington got under way at 10:15 a. m. The president's party included two other members of the American dele gation—Secretary of State Robert Lansing and Henry White, former ambassador to France and Italy, wolonel E. M. House and General Tasker H. Bliss, the other two mem /bers are alread in France. Ahmy Band Ashore Plays "Over .there." As the George Washington swung out into the Nqrth river a voyage unprecedented in American history, the flying bridge, the highest point President and Mrs. Wilson stood on to which passengers could climb. An army band on the shore played "Over There." The George Washington turned her head toward the sea shortly after 10.30 o'clock. As the big liner straightened her course the presi dential salute of twenty-one guns thundered from the transport's guns. As the fleet started down the bay a squardon of airplanes dropped from the clouds and executed a series of daring loops above the president's ship. The liner and its convoy steamed toward the sea with the George Washington's band playing martial airs and with harbor craft of all types, Including many allied mer chant ships, dipping flags and toot ing whistles in salute to the de parting chief executive. Met by Dreadnought and Destroyer Quintet -• Off Staten island the George Wash ington met its ocean convoy—the dreadnought Pennsylvania and' a quintet of destroyers, trim in new coats of battleship gray. The presidential fleet passed quar antine at 11 o'clock, the Pennsyl vania leading'and the destroyers de ployed on either side and in the wake of the transport. Gunboats in the lower bay fired salvos in salute. As the squadron steamed out to sea a single airplane, traveling only fifty feet above the water, could be seen leading the way toward the east ern horizon. Across the waters of the Hudson, just as the George Washington was about to sail, there came the roaring cheers of more than 2000 American soldiers returning to American shores on the British transport Lapland. From crowded rigging, from densely packed rails, and from every port hole, the homecoming fighting men shouted greetings to the president, and from the decks of the president ial liner and the destroyers guard ing her answering cheers came back. Against Militarism John W. Davis, newjy appointed minister to Great Brltlan, with Mrs. Davis and the French and Italian am. bassarods, with their families, also were on the passenger list. Prior to President Wilson's de parture today for Europe to attend the peace conference, it became known that he goes determined against militarism in any form. The crushing of Prussian militarism was a part of his plan for the future peace of the whole world, the presi dent feels, according to persons who conferred with him on the transport George Washington before it sailed. Long before President Wilson's special train arrived from Washing ton today there was unusual activity about dock No. 4 at Hoboken, where the transport George Washington "As soon as the mechanics tele phone me their weekly report and I have in turn phoned it in to regi mental shops I am going to hie me away over that said hill top. Good ' bye, and remember me to the folks." J. W. EZELL PASSES AWAY OID RESIDENT OF BLACKFOOT BREATHS HIS LAST AFTER SUFFERING MANY MONTHS. J. W. Ezell, age sixty-seven years, died at his home between the rivers Tuesday night at midnight, after suf fering for many months. The Ezell family moved to Black foot nineteen years ago from Malad and have spent most of the time here since. They spent some time in Boise last summer, where they went on account of Mr. Ezell's health. Shortly after returning to Blackfoot they moved to their home between the rivers, where they are living at the present time. During Mr. Ezell's residence here his pleasing manner and kind dispo sition has won him many friends and acquaintances. Deceased is survived by his wife, two daughters Betty, living at home, Mrs. R. N. McCracken of Boise, and two sons, George and Sumner T., both residing in Blackfoot. WEARING OF GAUZE MASKS CONSIDERED UNNECESSARY At various meetings held in the different cities, it has been decided by prominent doctors that the gauze mask was more of a menace than a benefit. In * some cities where the gauze mask was used all the time, the disease seemed to continue its course. It is admitted- by doctors that the mask is more or less a protection Jf it is used in the sick room, and can be properly disinfected before it is used. Everyone in the city of Blackfoot was requested to wear one the first of the week, but since the mask has proven itself a benefit, the people are now allowed to go about with their face uncovered. not ♦ Around the Court House Sentenced to State Penitentiary, f George House was taken into cus$ tody again by the sheriff's force fo| the unlawful possession of liquor; This being his second offense in this county he was sentenced to serve 4 $ term of from one to two years itt the Boise penitentiary. He waA taken to Boise by the state warden, Greek Arrested. Sheriff Hines arreted Gust Pappas r j a Greek, at Aberdeen Wednesday afternoon, for the unlawful sale of liquor. He is in jail awaiting hear ing. The preliminary hearing of C. V. Fisher has been postponed on ac count of the illnes of Byron Defen baugh, who has been in the hospital at Lewiston, Idaho. Workmen were busy was moored, thruout the night putting on the fin ishing touches on the liner and completing the elaborate decorations of the pier. The uSual barred zone was widely extended and only those armed with special passes were allowed to ap proach the streets leading to the dock. Military police kept an all-night vigil over the route from the railroad station to the pier, while hundreds, of agents of the secret service and of the army and navy intelligence ser vice watched the side streets and kept inquisitive persons moveing. War vessels kept a ceaseless patrol of the waters near the transport, wlille at dawn, army airplanes cir cled over the vicinity and inatn tained a watch from the air. Perhaps before have such elaborate never pians been mapped out to guard the president. Flags and Bunting The long pier was gaily decorated with thousands of flags and bunting. A canopy, consisting of a mass of American flags and emblems of the allies extended over the gangplank. and their assistants worked well into the night complet ing their arrangements for the com fort of the parey. Phonographs were installed in the gentlemen's smoking room and the ladies' loung ing room, the records ranging all the way from grand opera selections to popular war songs and jazz band _ Half a dozen card tables were nailed to the floor of the smok ing room, while tl\e library was re plenished with historical and scen tlflc books. The gymnasium was furnished with punching bags, rowing machines "horses" and other athletic equip ment. Two brass bands made the trip— the Kensington (Kansas) band and the Sailors' Great Lakes station band these organizations having been se lected from among a score that of fered their services. Paintings of George and Martha Washington occupied the space in the salon formerly taken up by a large painting of the German em Stewards muBic. peror. TWO FRIENDLY TIPS. Tip No. 1 is that calling cards make an excellent Christmas gift for your friend. Tip No. 2 is that you should include your neat perronal card in every Christmas package you give. The Republican prints all kinds of name cards, adfiress cards, call ing cards and visiting cards at rea sonable prices. Repay us for these friendly reminders by coming to the office today and giving us an order for yourself and several orders for your friends. ft, R. G. Bills was a business visitor in Salt Lake a few days the first of the week. RED CROSS TAKES CARE OF YANKS AMERICANS IN GERMANY BEST FED AND CLOTHED OF ALL PRISONERS. LONDON.—The Americans are the best fed and beet clothed of all the prisoners returning from Germany, according to Maj. Carl Dennett, de puty commissioner of the American Red Cross in Switzerland, who has been in charge of the work of pris oner's relief for the United States for Vthe past few months. Maj. Dennett sailed Monday for New York to make a report on the work. Just prioy to his department he made this state ment: "A great deal has recently been said in the papers about the condi tion of the returning prisoners. I have seen thousands of them and there is no question that a majority of the English .French and Ameri can prisoners are very wed fed and clothed and present a normal appear ance. This is not due to any care or attention on the part of the Ger ma nauthorities, but is due to the relief supplies sent from their res pective countries. Others in Bad Shape. "The prisoners in Germany and Austria who have not been supplied with food and clothing by their gov ernments are) in a deplorable condi tion and many thousands of them have died of starvation. This is es pecially true of Italian prisoners. "On the day of the signing of the .armistice there were 3445 American prisoners in 7 4 German prison camps. The first American prisoners to come out arrived through Metz and the first American to greet them were American Red Cross representatives sent there from Berne for that pur pose. The American Red Cross al ready has a representative in Ber lin superintending the work of car ing for returning prisoners and other Red Cross representatives have gone to various points in south Germany, including Rastatt Darmstadt, Gres sen, Villingen and Landshut, tp has ten their transfer. Americans Coming Out. "About 20o\, Americans Were ex pected to return by way of England. These include more that 100 civilians who should arrive in England within a few days. The remainder will re turn by way of France and Switzer land. • \ "Thai the American prisoners have been well provided for has been sub stantiated by the splendid condition of the men who already have ar riyed. Eighty-two soldiers who ar rived from Karlsruhe expressed themselves as highly appreciative, of the work done by the Red Cross and the prisoners in this camp were so well provided that they were able to distribute 3300 pounds of supplies to Italian prisoners when they left." ♦ PREDICTS WORLD-WIDE DISTRESS BEFORE SPRING NEW YORK.—Prediction that there will be such distress in the world this winter that it cannot be met by volunteer organizations and that governments must bear the chief burden was made Suday by Henry P. Davison, chairman of the war coun cil of the American Red Cross, who has just returned from a three months trip in Europe. He inspected the Red Cross activitits in England, France .Belgium, Italy and Switzer land. "That there will be an appealing cry of humanity from all over the world, no one can doubt," said Mr. Davison. "The needs of France, Belgium, Italy, Russia and the Bal kans will*not' terminate with the formal declaration of peace. The harships of war and the dislocated Industrial Conditions of the world have produced hunger, want and disease. "Politically the outlook for a new and better world is bright, but the economic conditions are ominous. There will be such distress In the world that It can not be met by vol untary organizations. Governments must bear the chief buraen, and I am confident that co-operation between the governments may be relied upon in an endeavor to meet this wholesale work of relief which will be needed. "There will be the necessity for supplementary work which Red Cross organizations thruout the world can do and must do. "The American Red Cross must be kept strong and efficient that It may do Its share in full measure. "As far as can now be forseen, there will be no further occasion for campaigns for Red Cross funds. Dur ing the week before Christmas there is to be a roll call, giving every citi zen an opportunity to register as a member of the volunteer humanitar ian agency for the American people, which is recognized thruout the world as the American Red Cross. This membership involves no com mitment beyond the payment of $1. Subscriptions to Red Cross "More than 47,000,000 American people," he continued, "sibscribed to the American Red Cross within a period of eleven months a total ag gregating $313,000,000 in money, and contributed manufactured goods of an estimated value of approxi mattly $44,000,000. "A large American Red Cross force is working with our troops in England and a yet larger force in France, where a personnel of eigh teen in June, 1917, has developed into an organization of more than 7000 men and women. Our other commissions, though smaller, are equally effective in their various fields of operations. "In short, our American battal ions. wherever they may be, are re ceiving devoted service from Ameri can Red Cross." WEEKLY AND SEMI WEEKLY PAPERS PERMITTED TO OPERATE ON CREDIT PLAN Restrictions Lifted From County Papers Decem ber 1. This paper Will Conduct Its Sub scription Business as Heretofore On the first day of November the country newspapers were released from the drastic orders of the war industries board requiring them to operate on a cash basis. Daily pa pers were required to go Tin a cash basis on the first of October and weekly and semi-weekly papers on the first of November. It was ex iPected that this order would continue ;in effefct until the end of the war, and the unexpected ending of hostilities early in November was the reason for the release on the first of De cember. The release order does not apply to daily papers until the first day of February. The order required that all sub scribers who were three months or more in arrears should be taken off the list until such time as they re newed on the cash basis and as the average country newspaper in the United States had a large percentage of its subscribers in arrears it nearly put the publishers out of business over night. The order contained fif teen paragraphs of "don'ts" and part of these fifteen paragraphs are likely ■to remain in practice by the more progressive newspapers tho the "cash and carry" part of it is generally Considered impractical for country pepers. Guarding Agairist Spanish Influenza PREVENT OVER-EXERTION AT FIRST FOR SAFETY; LACK OF TRAINED NURSES; NEGLECT IN CARRYING OUT PHYSICIAN'S ORDERS Sa^JOUS. A few days ago when some of the business men got together to consider the matter of opening a hospital or converting some building into a hos pital for temporary use for Influenza cases, physicians were consulted as to the advisability of such a plan and the matter, was dropped. The Blackfoot hospital is not large enough to accommodate many pa tients and the suggestion of using a school building or church for this purpose seemed good at first glance but physicians advised that there was not sufficient privacy or opportunity to segregate the patients. If a num ber of patients were assembled in the same room and one of them should die with all attending suffering , the coughing, moaning and suffocation attending death by influenza, it would make a deep Impression upon all the others and would leave them much depressed to say the least. Phy sicians advise that most people hav ing a case of influenza in the home would prefer to keep the patient there, even tho it exposed the other members of the family. In the case of persons who are in hotels or rooming Houses or among strangers, the hospital or central sta tion for caring for them would be an advantage provided there was room to segregate the severe caseB from the others. Dr. Mitchell spoke at considerable length on the subject of caring for influenza cases, and said that he had been thru many epidemics but none that were so trying as this present one of Spanish influenza. He said a person should go to bed as soon as possible and that it reduced the chances of recovery very much to make any exertion after the first at tack. The person who tries to keep up and ward it off, or who tries to get to some distant place or home before going to bed is making the case very much worse and. multiply ing the chances of death. Vaccination Helps . revent Disease. A serum is being used for combat ting the disease and they are vac cinating with to prevent it. Those who are vaccinated seldom Jake the disease and if they do take it they have it in a mild form. If a person has not been vaccinated and takes the disease the serum is Injected into the system to break up the malady. Very careful treatment is needed to Insure recovery and what the com munity needs most is trained nurses persons who are accustomed to re ceiving orders and following them to the letter. The average person who cares for the sick is not sufficiently prompt and particular about carrying out the physicians's orders in every detail. There are some things about the work that the law requires must be done by a physician or a graduate For instance, injecting the into the blood must be done nurse. serum by the physician or nurse. Anyone else attempting such a delicate and dangerous operation Is liable to pros ecution under the state law. A slight mistake in the amount of the serum injected might cause the death of tho patent, but administered in the right amount and at the right time will save his life. Dr. Mitchell says that death from influenza cases is accompanied by much suffering for ten or twelve hours. The Jungs swell and expand and cause great distress and dlffi culty in breathing. The lungs bleed and a fluid fills the air spaces in the lungs. The patient may cough up this blood and fluid and recover, or This paper will conduct its sub scription business as it has done for the past several years, removing any subscribers from the list when they request discontinuance of the paper, but not stopping the paper at expir ation of the paid subscription unless there is a definite request to that effect from the subscribers. A num ber of subscribers say they would rather have the newspaper stopped at expiration of the paid period, but this office nas tested that out enough to know that these same people are very much annoyed when that is done. Most of them actually ''get sore" at the publisher when that rule is followed, so this office has concluded not to adopt it. However all persons who hate a record for being habitually in ar rears and not paying until urged to do so or until a collector goes after them, will be required to pay cash when subscribing for this paper. The liberal terms of credit hereto fore extended to that class of cus tomers will no longer be granted. The postal department has made a ruling that no subscriber is entitled to postal service in the delivery of his paper on the usual terms if he gets as much as a year in arrears, and we think that should be the ex treme limit. BEET-GROWERS' CONGRESS TO BE DECEMBER 9-13 ARTHUR MANWARING TO GO AS IDAHO DELEGATE; OFER HIM SUGGESTIONS YOU WISH DIS CUSSED AT CONVENTION. Arthur Manwaring of Blackfoot will leave in a few days for Fort oollins, Colo., to attend a congress of beet growers to be held at that ' place from December 9 to 13. Dele gates from the different beet growing states and districts will consider all of the problems that concern the farmers in the production of sugar beets and the distribution of pulp as well as the siloing of beet tops and the like. Mr. Manwaring states that the far mers of Utah have an association of beet growers thru which they deal with the representatives of the sugar company and come to better under standing and more unified action. After the meeting at Fort Collins, It is expected that the growers will .be organized in the different states so that they may all be represented in the dealings with the factory peo ple. Mr. Manwaring states that an attempt will be made to agree upon a uniform scale of prices for beets and beet pulp with all attending problems, and farmers are requested to send him any suggestions they may wish to have brought before the Congress. They are requested not to sign beet contracts until after his return, when announcements will be made in this paper as to what was agreed upon at the meeting or con vention. * Mr. Manwaring's report will prob ably contain much valuable Informa tion for beet growers 'and we shall publish it as soon as possible after he returns. His address is Black foot, Idaho, Route l, or phone 417rl. ♦ INFLUENZA OVER THE STATE J. H. Jacobson returned Tuesday from an extensive business trip over Idaho and adjacent states in the in terest of the government crop esti mates. Wherever he went he found the influenza Improving greatly. In some towns it was serious, others not so bad. Nez Perce in Lewis county has had its share of the ma lady, but conditions were Improving right along. Everything in Spokane, Wash., is from under the ban now and the disease has run its course there. In Butte, Mont., the Influenza has broken out m some strength and everything, including saloons, bar ber shops and cigar stores are tightly closed. At all places all household orders are delivered by grocers to avoid crowds in business places and on the streets. The compulsory wearing of masks is not in force at any place Mr. Jacobson visited, and he was sur prised on reaching Blackfoot to find all citizens wearing masks. it may keep gaining and filling the air spaces until the person dies from suffocation or drowning. The pro cess is the same as if a Person were I in water and the lu»gs filled witn I fluid fromethe outside. ♦ LITTLE GIRL DIES ► The little two year old daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Hone died at their home on South Maple street Tues day morning, after a few days illness of pneumonia. Interment was made at the Grove City cemetery Wednesday afternoon.