Newspaper Page Text
% \ m\? Uitahn mpmtblfrmt OFFICIAL PAPER OF CITY AND COUNTY Vol. XV. No. 22-A BLACKFOOT, BINGHAM COUNTY, IDAHO, TUESDAY, DECEMBER 17, 1918 $3 a Year of careful management and economi cal business practice, is not sufficient In times like these. A broader ef ficiency is npcesary, based on the spirit of service to the nation; an enthusiam animating worker and em WAR RESETS IN AN AWAKENING Labor Difficulties Have Been Ironed Out and Things Going Well. How war is ushering in a new era, an era of industrial peace based upon industrial understanding, has been strikingly illustrated by a series of conferences, held under the aus pices of the Information and educa tion service of the U. S. department of labor, at which representatives of workman, both organized and un organized, have met manufacturers from all parts of the country. These conferences have shown conclusively that patriotism knows neither wealth nor station. The factory hand and the coal miner have shown a spirit of self-sacrifice not a whit less Inspiring, and on the other hand no more inspiring, than that of the man who has given up his business, built up by the painstak ing effort of a score of years, to serve the nation in olive drab or by hard work in some highly technical position, without a pretense of com pensation. From this spirit of common sacri fice, and of mutual concession for the oommon good, a better understand ing has grown up between employer and employee that will, if main tained and nurtured, build a new world after the war. Such names as Hurley, Vanderlip and Schwab are as widely known in America today as those^of Pershing and Sims. War has converted all America into a great communal en terprise, as the department of labor conferences have brought out—the object of which enterprise is the na tion's salvation from enemy destruc tion. To accomplish this end, all the industries that make the war go on to a successful finish must be con ducted with the greatest efficiency possible. Workmen and owners are doing their share. Efficiency in itself, in the sdnse Red + ers (By Mrs. Byrd Trego) The work is so piled up in the work rooms on Bridge street that tnose ,ln charge are quite at sea to Itnow what to do about it. No one wishes any who have fears of flu contagion, or who are really unable to attend to the duties, to do even a part ol the work, but there are those who are in a position to respond to this appeal. The rooms were opened Monday, Dec. 16 and will continue so until further notice. Women of the town are urged to consider the necessity? and determine what part they are situated to perform, that a partial clearance of work may take place. Units thruout the country are asked to send in for as much work as they can take care of. The smaller, neighborly gatherings, have accomplished a big share of the work that has kept Bingham in the fore most ranks as workers. We could not have gotten along without them la the past, neither can we do to now with this big problem of unfin ished work. Please come to our rescue lest we fall by the wayside. It is a mistaken idea to* entertain a notion that our duties are fulfilled because the war is over with Ger many. There is a casualty list still daily reported for no one can deter mine within trie hour what the de stiny of those engaged' in a long bat tle line of fierce flgritlng might be. The hospitals will be needed for an indefinite period. And please do ' not forget we have soldiers in Rus sia that many of us are anxious about because of almost a total lack of news. Also we cannot be re leased from relief work this winter. With a reconstruction of homes and restoration to partially normal condi tions those women will be able to perform home duties, including sew ing that at present is impossible. The bitterness of winter is upon them and all the energies of both men and women are taxed to their uttermost to construct a place of shelter and arrange for employment and farming or at least gardening in the spring. The writer was in Baltimore, after the big fire in 1904 when it seemed such a helpless, hopeless task to at tempt restoration, but those people possessed with vision and courage. They were helped until the necessity was overcome by their pluck and hriroism, and that is just what France will do. I wish I had time to tell jon how rapidly she recovered from the war of 1870, when she was not only destroyed, but beaten to the earth by Germany to the extent of sending a train load of gold to pay Indemnity to the victor. I read the other day that when Bismarck was asked for food that the babies might not die, laughed sneeringly and replied, 'Babies, why I thought you had eaten them all." Yes, we must see. the brave em pire of France thru until she is in a position to sustain herself, and that will be soon. Shall we take some sewing home with us the next time we go to town? j I ployer alike. On the whole, as these gatherings representative of labor and capital have shown, this ideal has been realized and maintained. . *Not ali, however, have been true to it. There have been profiteers and shirkers; there have been auto cratic employers, and reckless work men, whose principal thought was to get as much money as possible for a little work. There have been industrial dis turbances that have meant the loss of previous days, and of precious lives in France. There have been some factory owners who have pr ,si8tntly refused to recognize ' fully any right of their own, sometimes forgetting even the right of the na tion. Such men have declined to consider the welfare of their Work men or to conform in any way to the demands of the new time. Workmen, too, in some localities, forgot the war needs and gave little thought in some instances of render ing fair serlvce. Moreover, profit eering among storekeepers and land lords often led to industrial trouble. "Rent-hogs" were perhaps condem ned more than any other class for taking advantage of the nation in its hour of need. All these difficulties have had to be ironed out. Not everything runs smoothly even yet, at all times. But the department of labor has found that when workmen and industrial managers are brought together to discuss war production problems, both are disposed to be reasonable, and that reasonable men can almost always agree on some definite plan of action, The business men have been brought to realize what the workmen of America are actually accomplishing, and to understand that in a good many cases of dis agreement the workman is absolutely in the right. That discovery by the employers of America has in itself been of vital importance in the war program. War imperiling the very existence of the state, has rallied the work man to liberty's defense. It has de veloped spontaneously a spirit of rivalry that has led to thouands of friendly competitions in mines, in shipyards ,and in munitions works. It has been productive of the al most Innumerable displays of the highest patriotism that have been manifested in the daily toil of the American laborer. One form of competition this de veloped, some experts believe, Is harmful—the competition that leads to attempted new records in work manship. They say that a man who consciously speeds up his work at excessive rate, keeping his energies at too pitch for one full working day, can do a tremendous amount of work in that day, but , uses un nervous energy far too rapidly. The cham pion workman in some special line, thev say, is exhausted the day after and may not for a week or more re gain his ordinary precision and strength. However, new forms of competi tion that are not harmful have grown up, based on the teamwork idea. The South Boston quarter master terminal (army supply base) construction was productive of many instances of the kind.* Concrete pouring gangs strove to better the records made by other gangs, not for a day, but for the length of the job. The gang that poured the greatest quantity of con crete and got its share of the work finished first was envied for its sup erior skill and aptitude and never had to be pitied for its utter exhaus tion after some particularly stirring feat. The men merely did what they could without injuring themselves the work was done as rapidly as possible without and strain. Organization and well-directed ef fort have had much to do with the success of America in the war. The Pacific coast shipyards have shown themselves leaders in the race to build ships. There was no feverish strain to turn out ships on a certain day; the object was to turn out ships as often as possible, no matter when thej r were launched. Pacific coast shipbuilding has been one of the bright spots of the war. The Atlantic coast yards have made splendid records, but they have not been able to keep up with their com petitors at the other side of the con tinent. The "Tuckahoe" was long known as the "speed ship" of the American merchant marine. Not only was it built In an almost unprecedented time, but It kept making records. It had barely left one port, apparently, when it had reached the next; and it stayed astonishingly short times In port, so quickly did the crew get its cargoes unloaded. Workmen and employers have In many places shown the finest spirit Of co-operation. In one.big Pacific coast yard, company officials went to work with the men to help build a destroyer that was sorely needed. In Bridgeport, all the workmen al one shipyard voluntarily gave three hour's work on a holiday to fit a new vessel fof prompt service. In stances of that kind could be multi plied almost without limit—there were, for example, the miners of the southern coal fields who gave up their Labor day plans, those of cen tral Pennsylvania who gave up Sun days to make up time lost thru in fluenza epidemic, and the retired miners, who shouldered picks again and went into the mines to do their share In the work of winning the •war. Industrial workmen have shown a patriotic devotion almost without ex ample. In many places men who have enlisted in th£ army voluntarily or who have been summoned by the draft have made out their insurance papers to the government. Munitions shops have had their IDAHO IS FREE FROM INCREASE OF INFLUENZA Recrudescence of Epidemic Which ft* Notlcable in Other Places, not Ap parent in Gem State; Disease Mild In Boise. ' "Experiences in other states seem to indicate that we may expect a re crudescence of Spanish influenza in Idaho, but so far reports to this o U flee fail to indicate any increase in the state," Dr. E. T. Biwer, secretary of the ptate board of health, stated Thursday. - Nothlng in the regulation reports filed weekly by county health officer* with the state health board indtr cates that influenza has begun raw-: ages among school children, as it has in jnany places, according to a state ment issued Wednesday by Sturgeon General Rupert Blue of the United States public health service. There were twenty-nine new In fluenza cases reported in Boise oh Thursday, twenty-eight on Wednee day, ten on Tuesday and thirty o* Monday. All of these cases except four were those of city people, none being from the outside. Dr. I. P. Pond, city physician, says that these cases are in a light form and that; few fatalities are now occuring he cause of the disease." "It Is generally noted," he says, "that the first outbreak of influensa is marked by Its virulent form; the disease later lessening in malic nancy." Ignore Anonymous Warnings Anonymous letters or telephone communications to the city board of health will hereafter not be given any consideration, according to De puty Health Officer L. P. Pflrman. "These rumors invariably prove groundless," says Mr. Pflrman, "and the Investigation of them has caused us considerable work. One communi-' cation sent to us Thursday was sent special delivery. It caused Dr. Pond a long journey to South Boise and much inconvenience only to find that the patient in question was troubled with pleurisy. The letter was un si^nqd." Lemhi county is free from new cases, and no deaths have resulted so far this week, according to the county health officer's report. In Jefferson county 102 new cases, have' developed this week, and there has been on death, an increase over the previous report. Boundary county which had about sixty cases in the last report, has twenty-nine new ones this week. Nez Perce county, including the city of Lewiston where it was feared the disease was getting a new grip, re-* ports only seventy-five new cases so far this week. Somenone who misunderstood a newspaper heading which read, "In fluenza Takes New Lease," started a rumor Thursday that the influenza had appeared in a new and more deadly form. By noon the report was being quite generally circulated .that the influenza had appeared in combination with the black plague, and that victims of this combina tion die within two hours after in fection. The news item over which the heading appeared stated that the influenza epidemic had not ended, and that Surgeon General Blue warned the country to take every precaution to prevent its recrude scence. t notable manifestations of patriotism no less than the shipyards. In many establishments thruout the country workmen, have taken solemn pledges to stand by the nation at all times, to do the best work within their power and to exert every effort to defeat the foe. In most places employers have given their best to the nation. There have been instances of disagree ment between workmen and factory owners, and these' the government, thru the department of labor, is eradicating as best it can. The employer does not realize as the workman does how cost of liv ing mounts from day to day. The employee is none the less patriotic riecause he insists upon maintaining good living conditions for his family; the man who is satisfied with his job and whose domestic affairs are not continually worrying him can give the most effective service. Most employers have shown a very real appreciation of their work men's problems. Occasionally there is an employer of the old school, one whose mind has not kept abreast of the times and who does not realize the great demands that war has made upon the family income. Such men, who thought 83 a day good pay before the war can see no reason why $3 is not good pay now, in spite of the fact that commodities have gone up in general from 60 to 75 per cent. The war has been the means of spreading social education to quart ers where otherwise it might never have come. The really big men of the employing class now realize that workmen are most efficient and loyal when they are well treated; that It is better for the workman to have fur coat and automobile than not. The workman, on the other hand, has come to realize that mere posses sion of an automobile and a fur coat by the boss is no reason for the work man's chanting a hymn of hate. That is the message that the war is bringing to the employer and the employee who will survive In the new time—large production will mean plenty for all .provided there is the tolerance and respect on both sides that will lead to Industrial peace. The new era is at hand; the old-time business autocrat and the old-time labor demagogue are both non-essential in these times. A DANGEROUS CROSSING BEING RENDERED SAFE Electric Warning Bell Being In stalled at Rich Lane Crossing; Will Soon be in Operation. The Oregon Short Line is install ing an electric warning bell at the croslng of the tracks at what is known as the Rich lane halt a mile abovW Blackfoot This was promised a good whue ago, but the fulfillment was alow on account of the difficulty of getting materials, and men to in stall them, The wraning bell is erected on a post, at the crossing and there is quite a system connected with it. At the base of the post is a chamber for storing eleven pars zinc and caustic soda to i electric current. A bell ,on the top of the post and a large red disc with a red electric light in the center is suspended from the top 0 f the post in such a position that when the bell rings the disc or wig wag swings back and forth like a pendelum to attract the attention of travelers. White letters on the wlg wag says "stop." The train coming supplies the shook that sets the bell to ringing, Electric wires extend from the post to the rails, and wire connections are made from one rail to another at a il : the joints for 2000 feet in both .directions. One rail carries the poa itive current and the other rail car rles carries the negative current. When a train comes from the north, when the trucks or cars press on the rails that are connected by the wires mentioned, that .forms a cantact or circuit with the two rails. The current flows thru the car from one rail to the other by the shortest cut. As soon as this contact is made the warning bell begins to ring and continues to ring until the circuit or contact is broken. The circuit is broken when the engine passes the post at the crossing. A trail com ing from the other driection operates in the same way, and the bell quits ringing when it passes the post. The mechanical device that breaks the circuit consists of a non-conduc tor pressed between the rails at the post, and the current that has passed thru the engine or car is broken at that point, The warning bell is just about completed and was installed by F. ,o. Paine assisted by William Dawley fioth of Pocatello, HEBER RICH WOULD taining kte tlie lied ■t PLANE THE ROADS Heber C. C. Rich was in from Plngree Thursday and said he had a great time coming to town over the ten million knots to the mile. The road was muddy on Monday, and the face of the earth froze up rough, so that the roads tear the tires and tubes off of the cars and shake the fillings out of a person's teeth. Heber recommended that the roads be plahed with a road drag in the afternoon when it is thawed a little, and said the whole thing would freeze hard and smooth like ma cadam at night. He was full of re grets that we did not seize the op portunity to install miles and miles of macadam by this means while the installing was good. It is true, he said, the macadam made in that way might not last long, but it would be such a fine thing while it did last, and it would be a good demonstra tion of what we shall have when the the Gflshen cement gravel roads are in operation for keeps. SUBURBAN STOCKMAN A. E. McCoy lives In the Kennedy addition and raises red and black cherries in abundance, raises some live stock on his little farm. He marketed forty-Beven hogs last week, ranging in weight from 175 to 350 pounds each. Mr. McCoy was in Omaha recently and tried to buy three car loads of ,No. 3 corn, but could not get it for less than $1.56 per bushel and the freight rate to Blackfoot from Co lumbus, Nebr., where he tried to buy, was 92c so he gave up getting corn and purchased what frosted wheat he could to feed the hogs. He says that he does not consider that a man can make a cent feeding hogs on either wheat or corn at present prices. Mr. McCoy started ift go Into Pahsemaroiv valley last week to look at a band of cattle that were for sale, but he was turned back in little Lost river valley by the quarantine officers. He *also * ANOTHER SUBURBAN FARMER Mr. McDaniel bought twenty acres W. A. Younie lying Just at the north edge of town. It is a part of what used to be known as the Dobell farm. Mr. McDaniel leased the place for 1917 and then bought it and will fix it up to suit himself. He has rearranged the buildings and 1 b grading the land. Mr. McDaniel has a little dairy herd, some hogs and chickens, ducks and geese. He intends to grade the land as perfectly as possible and then intensive farming and have enough live stock on the place to use up all the products of the farm. TABER MAN BACK FROM KANSAS James Loyd, the lame man who ha* a homestead north of Taber in what Is known as Tilden flats, has just returned from Kansas, where he has been for over a year. Mr. Loyd had some lithigation with of his neighbors and had to one come back to attend to that. SCHOOL SYSTEM IS TO BE DISCUSSED POCATELLO, Idaho.—-Idaho's ed ucational system may undergo many changes in the future, according 'plans being laid by the department of education of the state. The first move on the part of the state board will be the holding of a conference of oounty superintendents in Boise, December 27 and 28, at which time many problems confronting the school system will be discussed. Among the topics to be discussed at the conference are: "Reconstruc tion of the Public School Curricu lum," "Rural School Reconstruc tion," "City School Curricula After the War." *The matter of vocational training for teachers, to be given as a high school study in the senior year, will be discussed under fhe leadership of Superintendent H. H. Clifford of the Caldwell schools. The State Teachers' association will meet at the close of the confer ence and discuss matters of business pertaining to the association. One of the features of the conference will be a discussion of educational legis lation. A NEW HOUSE HEATER The Oregon Short Line has in stalled a new kind of heater at the freight depot. It is known as the peerless and is manufactured by the Monitor Heating company of Cincin nati, Ohio. It is a hot air heater without pipes. It is simply a furnace with the usual airspaces about it and the register is directly over It in the floor and the heat rises thru the center panel of the register while the cold air descends around the outer part of the same register. At first thought one would sup pose that this would only heat that part of the house nearest to it, but there are several rooms in the freight depot and by leaving the par tition doors open the heat moves to the extremoties of the building mak ing it warm and comfortable every where. Mr. Young says they have been using it for about a month and it does not seem to require more than half the amount of coal that an or dinary heating plant takes, first cost is very much less than that of an ordinary hoatlng plant be cause there are no plpees in connec tion and only one register. The work of instiling it is very small; one man having Installed this one in half a day. The cost was less than half as much as the ordinary hot air heat ing plant. The IDA EDWARDS PASSES AWAY Ida, the beloved daughter of Mr. and Mrs. W. A Edwards of Spring field, departed this life at the home of her parents, Friday mpraing. Dec. 13, after suffering for five long days with influenza. All that loving hands could do was done to save the precious life, just entering into the beauty of womanhood, and with all the good things of life yet before her. Miss Edwards was born at Callio, Utah eighteen years ago and moved to Springfield with her parents twelve years ago and since that time has been a resident of that place. She leaves to mourn her untimely departure a mother and fathgr and three sister and three brothers; one brother serving his .country at the present time. The remains were laid to rest in the Springfield cemetery Sunday. ♦ PRICE OF WHEAT FOR COMING YEAR There has been considerable de bating about the price of wheat and the time that the government In tended to fix the price to lapse. It seems to be settled now that the gov ernment price will hold good until the first of June, 1920. The reports speak of it as If It were a privilege to market all that Is offered on the There has been considerable dif ficulty this year in finding people to take the wheat and pay for It at fixed prices. Some of the elevator men have refused to take It and prefer to let their elevators stand empty. The government does not compel them to handle wheat and they claim that it is not profitable to handle It on the margin fixed by the government. ♦ CHINESE GIVES HIS LIFE FOR UNCLE SAM POCATELLO, Idaho.—The first Chinese from the west to make the supreme sacrifice for his chosen Country on the battlefields of FYance was Sam Soo Hoo of Pocatello, whose death "from wounds received in action" is reported in an official message to his cousin, China Say, a resident of the city. Sam Soo Hoo volunteered in July and left for Camp Lewis, July 26. with a large contingent of Bannock draftees. He bore the distinction of being the only Chinese from the itate of Idaho to join the forces. His ather is said to reside in Portland. ♦ EDWIN WATSON ELL Edwin Watson, one of the older residents of this section passed his seventieth birthday Sunday, Dec. 15. Mr. Watson has been ill for sev eral months and is not able to be up now. At first he had an attack of pneumonia that left him with an ab sess on fhe lungs, then he had in fluenza during the fall and t hat has left him very weak, Not many people have known about his condition and have been so busy that they did not do much visiting so Mr. Watson has had a rather lonely Beige during his Illness. FIRST TO RETURN FROM OVERSEAS Fred Kennedy Home. Served as Red Cross Stenographer in France Fred Kennedy, son of Mr. and Mrs. W. P. Kennedy of Gooding, Idaho, ia the first one of our Blackfoot boys to return from France. His father, W. P. Kennedy is county assesor and has won prominence in that sec tion of the state. Last September, Fred having the great desire to serve his country, en listd as a stenographer in the Red Cross service. He could not enter the army, but by working in that branch of the service he was able to release some able-bodied man who' could go to the front. Fred Is very popular among the younger set of Blackfoot and by his pleasant smile and cleverness has made a host of friends who are glad to have him among them again. He came to Blackfoot a few years ago, and up to the time of hta enlistment he was employed at the Standrod bank. He left Blackfoot September 12, for New Ylork, and sailed for France October 1. They landed in Liverpool and from there he went to London, and South Hampton across the Eng lisu channel to Harve, and then to Paris. He spent a few days sight seeing in Paris, and it was while there that he met Luther King. Mr. King was a former resident of Blackfoot and was an employee at the U. S. land office. He enlisted in the First Idaho medical corps at the out-break of the War, and has been in France nearly a'year. Mr. Kennedy was assigned to Tours to take up his work with the Red Cross and was there at the time the armistice was signed. It was here he met Tom Bumgarner, an other Blackfoot boy. He inquired about Earnest Scannell, but found that he wias at the front in the bat tle of Argonne Forest. During his stay overe there he visited many places of interest, such as the Effiel tower, and thq famous Notre Dame at Paris. He was at the cathedral at Tours and saw Napol eon's tomb. Wjiile in Paris he heard Margaret Wilson, daughter of Presi dent Wilson, in one of her concerts. Miss Wilson is a very fine entertainer and a diligent Y. M, C. A. worker. On his way ovef Fred -was taken seriously ill with the influenza, and was under the care of a doctor and nurse. Upon landing he had a re lapse and his recovery xjas doubtful. After the armistice was signed he had the privilege of going to a re sort at Neice, Italy to recuperate, but perferred coming home. He came home on the F'rench liner Chicago, arriving in New York Monday, Dec. 9. While at sea Sunday, Dec. 8 they met the steamer George Washington carrying President Wilson and his party to France on the great peace mission. Mr. Kennedy left Sunday for Good ing, where he will spend the holidays visiting with his parents. He will return to Blackfoot soon and re sume hsi work at the Standrod bank. ♦ Idaho Soldier Killed Albert Henzler Smith of Clayton, Ouster County, Ida. Was Killed in Battle November 2 Albert Henzler Smith, son of Mrs. Laura Leigh of Clayton, Custer county, Ida., and cousin of Mrs. Margaret Ward of this city, was killed In action November 2. * |*r. Smith left for Camp Lewis April 30 last and was sent to Camp Merritt, N. J. with K company, 361st infan try, in June. He left for FYance in July. Mr. Smith was born at (Jhallis, Idaho, June 26, 1890, but was brought up at Clayton. He finished public school at Clayton and was .graduated from the Boise high school in 1910. He leaves his tmother, stepfather, one slter and two broth ers; S. M. Leigh, Miss Lizzie Leigh, John R .Smith and George W. Smith, stationed at Camp Kearny. The last letter received from Mr. Smith, dated October 26, said he had been in ac tion. ♦ PHONE 52 FOR FIRE DEPARTMENT Te fire department have their tele phone number changed, sending in an alarm will call for 52 in place of calling the City Hall. When the new directory is issued it will be listed under the name of Blackfoot F*ire Department. Anyone WITH YOUR EYES Is far better to be SAFE than SORRY. That* why yon should consult with a specialist who attends to the difficult cases. See DR. H. H. SCARBOROUGH AT THE SOCLES HOTEL / Let him stop your headaches.