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WE WISH A MERRY XMAS TO ALL SEE A << K/i y O o W. B. Royce F. C. Mickelson J. T. Foster A. F. Willccke E. O. Taylor L. G. Wells Black foot Shelley Firth Taber Sterling Rockford C. C. Tompkins - Keever a / % -o LU > iP PA is k. /daho, Manufacturers of Western Soft Pine * *- l -» l -»- M - I ♦ I 1 * STERLING * l i Green Bowser and the Parson brothers shipped a car of wheat Sat urday. Johnnie Hutchison sold his hay this week to the Savelle sheep com pany. • Miss Louise Verbick resumed her work at the J. W. Sprague store Monday, after a two weeks absence during which time she was ill with the flu . Mr. Toland of Arco was here on business this week. Sterling is boasting of g new grocery store which is being estab lished in the building in which the furniture store was located. The Sterling Hardware company have nearly completed their new building and have moved their gur niture store from the Driscoll build ing and have all of their store under one roof. Mr. Hall is quite ill with heart trouble. Mrs. A. A. Grover and baby Elma went to Blackfoot Sunday, where they will reside this winter. Pete and Tony Parsons made a busines trip to Blackfoot the first of the week. Mr. Van Seeter and Archie Grover came down from Blackfoot Sunday on business. The funeral of Miss Ida Edwards was held Sunday at 2 o'clock at the Springfield cemetery, where the body was interred. The L. D. S. church had charge of the funeral and Bishop Ward presided. Thomas Blackburn gave a short talk. The services were short on account of the sevedity of the weather. She leaves besides her father and mother two brothers, one of whom is in France, and three sisters to mourn her loss besides a host of friends. Ida has been a sufferer from other diseases for several years and could not withstand the influenza when it attacked her constitution, but she went peacefully to sleep and to rest in the land where there is no pain. Dr. Patrie was here on profes sional business Thursday. G. L. Bowser made a trip to Blackfoot this week. J. H. Herbert and family have had as their guest this week a nephew from Blackfoot, who is an insurance At This Glad Christmas Time When the world is filled with before; when it is filled with glad never before, when it is filled with hope never before, when it is filled with substitutes as never before, woe as never news as as We Are Glad to Announce that we can now furnish any amount of THE REAL WHITE BREAD AND OTHER THINGS MADE OF GENUINE WHEAT FLOUR. With Greetings of the Season, Smith Bakery Company Main Street Blackfoot agent. Emma, the two year old daughter of Mr. and Mrs. C. G. Loveless died Tuesday morning, Dec. 17, after two weeks Bines of heart trouble: The little one had always been rather delicate and frail, but her condition was not considered serious until Tuesday morning, when con vulsions set in and she left her earthly home, ments have not been made. Funeral arrange ♦ WORK FOR SOLDIERS A comprehensive movement for the purpose of unifying, thruout the country ,the work incident to the procuring of employment for return ing soldiers, has been started by the United States employment service of the department of labor. A body which will be konwn as the United CouncU of Reemployment, and which will be the connecting link between the federal employment service and other co-operating organizations, has been formed, and the following named bodies have affiliated them selves with it: national war work council, Y. M. C. A., war camp com munity service, national Catholic war council, Knights of Columbus, Jewish welfare board, mayor's com mittee on national defense, national league for women's service, national security league and the New York board of education. -• HOME SERVICE SECTION The home service section of the Red Cross has opened an office at the city hall in the public library rooms. Mrs Boyle, who is the superintendent of this work will be found in the of fice from 2 to 5 o'clock every after noon. She would like to have every soldier who served from Bingham county call for a few moments. tf. AMERICAN ALIENS It is announced by the bureau of naturalization of the United States department of labor, that there are 17,500,000 alien-born people in this country, nearly 12,000,000 of whom still retain their foreign allegiance, and that of this number New York City has 500,000 people, of about 100 different nationalities,' who can neither read, write nor speak the English language. WOMEN AND EDUCATION Much is being written and said at the present time about the place that women must hold in the recon structed world. Is peace to call more women out of the homes? Are they to remain permanently by the tens of thousands in the various in dustries into which the war and the changing condition of the times have called them? In the January Pictorial Review are two articles which should be widely read. In one of these, by Mabel Potter Daggert, the coming of women into the wider sphere of in dustrial life is hailed with delight and presages a future, "big with great events.'' The other article, which is the fourth of the series, by Helen Ring Robinson, pleads rather foi' women in the home, as against women in the life of industry. "The first duty of women," says Miss Robinson, "in this new con structive state of the woman move ment, is to make the distinctive work of women in the home more stable and dignified." Without entering into this discus sion in a positive way it seems that conditions of civilization clearly in dicate that the position of women will in the not distant future be far higher and more important than any that she has claimed in the past. Throuout the civilized world she will be conceded full political and social rights on an equality with man. She will be placed in a position of re sponsibility and power which will render her man's co-partner and free her from the injustice and wrong which generations have inflicted upon her. A change is coming over the face of the earth. There is a tremendous expansion of modern ideas and modern life in every direction. It is folly to expect that women will not be touched or influenced by the forces that are at work in the wodern world. Were it desirable, it is impossible to keep her from car ing, thinking, feeling, questioning and desiring to have an active part in this larger and altered life of man. Women are today claiming the right to take part in govern mental affairs, to do it openly, freely, to be recognized as powers, influ ences, and not 1 merely to stand in the shadow as they have done in the past. Women's effort to secure the franchise is perhaps but the surface indication of a great biologie move ment—one that women themselves do not' fully understand "any more than the chick struggling out of its shell understands thaWt is the pro cess of being born." I believe that the present feminist agitation will bring a favorable change in human .destiny. Let us consider for a moment the part that the typical, normal man, and the art that the average, normal woman, has layed in the evolution of human life. Man has been the fighter, the red handed glutton, ugnacious, easily stirred to deeds of violence. He has had to fight for standing ground, for the best watering holes and the best pasturage for his flocks, for a place to make a home. He has had to fight with the wild conditions of na ture—level the forests, ford the streams, brave the storms. All the conditions of the earth that were ap parently antagonistic to his peace and his life he nas had to conquor and make them do his bidding. Be yond this, he has had to fight other men—fight for his home, fore his religion, for any higher degree of civilization which he has attained. Verily the steps of man's progress pre marked in blood and struggle. , These things we must remember in estimating man's characteristics, his faults and his virtues; for these are the conditions which make him what he is. In other words, man's actions patterns reflect as in a mir ror his environment and here we have an all important educational principle—the environment is the mold which predetermines the man. In this struggle he has developed certain virtues — valor, strength, power, courage, chivalry, courtesy, etc., which I can but mention in passing. Let us turn now to the part which woman has played in the evolution of the world. First, she has been the inspirer of life. Think it out, and you will find that all the highest, finest, noblest, truest things, that man has done have been called out by the thought or the love or the memory or the hope connected with some woman. Woman has been the' main-spring and motive force of it all. Secondly, she has been the home-maker. All that is fair, beau tiful, and glorified in the home of today, all that has lifted it above the cave in the rocks, has been wrought out by the hand and the (presence of woman. Next, woman has been the com forter of life. Read the history of the past and you will find women .on the battle fields, women in the hositals, women in sick chambers, women always in the hours of man'B depression and despair: women at the crisis points of human life, every where bringing the atmoshere of balm and help. In this work she has developed .special, peculiar virtues and quali ties which have given her power. Beauty of face, of form, beauty of mind, of character and of soul, en durance, patience, fidelity; these are her peculiar possessions and these from the beginning have proved themselves to be the mightest powers that humanity has known—the charm and signet of woman-hood. Scientists tell us that in the evolu tion of the world there are two ten dencies always at work. One is the tendency to vary, to produce some new thing, to branch out in some new direction. The other is the hereditary tendency, which clings to the present and tends always to re peat the past. From the lowest forms of life clear up to man ,it is the masculine that is the source of the tendency to vary, and it is the femlne that is the source of the tendency to con serve and keep what has been already attained. It may be that we have reached a point in human evolution where man has begun to qualify his instic ttve desires to become a heretic, an ieonodast, a revolutionary, and where woman has begun to modify her instictive love for conservation, for the quiet nest, for sentiment, and where side by side they will go out into wider and better paths of human endeavor. It appears that some such influence is in reality coming to the modern world. Certain it is, that today women in large numbers are going out into new fields and successfully competing with men. In every deartment of society women are coming into larger and freer life in politics, in religion, in the family, in education. Every where they are pressing against the barriers and the barriers are giving way. Man is no longer the center 9f things and woman no longer re volves about him as a sort of steltite. Nor is there any cause for alarm in these changing conditions. It simply means that we must create more kinds of work and provide larger and higher fields for the ac tivities of both men and women. Every girl, no matter what may be her station in life, should have the highest and finest education that can possibly be given her, and this should include some specific, definite way of earning her own living. This education of women and the en largement of her sphere of activity Sneed not endanger the home. The integrity of the home is the most vital consideration in the life of the world, but there are thousands of women who have no homes in the sense of having husbands, and children about their feet. From the old theology we have heard much of depraved, fallen man. The new theology is speaking to us of risen man. Human nature is in its essence divine. Train and develop woman intellectually, give her inde pendence so that she can stand on her own feet and live out her own life. Do this, and you will find that there is not a woman in a thousand who will not forgo a career, honor, applause, fame, for a home with a man whom she can love and whom she can reverence and respect. She will remain true to the strongest element in her nature; for the Creator has fashioned her the noblest of all beings. Woman has been evolved to pre serve, to defend, to perpetuate the species. In the course of this evolu tion she has developed alturistic traits not possessed by the average, normal man. These traits are the logical results of her environment— her care for children and for those who need the succor of the soft hand of mercy and sympathy. There must now also be evolved withni her a great fundamental reaction against the harshness, the pugnacity, the brutality, the greed, the selfishness, that has been put into man thru evolution, and which must be miti gated thru farther evolutioj It seems to me that is exactly what is taking place now—a great oiologic movement to increase the power and influence of woman. This uplifting power and influence must go into the home, the nursery, the school, the church, the coibge, and into the ob scure places of life, until it bee >mes the web of the life of childhood as well as of maturity. Then, and not till then, shall men and women, working in harmony, rear a temple whose altars shall be aflame with the sacred fires of love and .from whose portals children shall go out endowed with a power which shall beautify 'and glorify humanity. Man's destiny is in his own hands. These things must be if the race is to be preserved from degeneracy. ♦ ARTILLERY MEN COMING HOME Many Casuals Also Returning on Seven Ships Now Sailed WASHINGTON.—Returning home on the transport George Washington Which sailed from France on Decem ber 15, the war department an nounced today, are the 139th field artillery; A, B, D and E batteries and headquarters company of the 137the field artilley; thirty-five of ficers of the 138th field artillery and a number of casuals. Casuals also are returning on the steamers Saxonia, which sailed De cember 14; Moccasin, which sailed Decembr 15 and Heredia, Cartago, Sixaola and Bellatrix, December 16. On all seven ships there are about 4000 officers and men. Casualities of the American ex editionary forces which have not een published, but which have been announced officially by General Per shing, had been reduced at noon, December 18, td a total of 66,892. These, the war department an nounced today, were classified as fol lows: Major casualities, including killed in action, died of wounds, died of disease and died of other causes, 1680; wounded 64,862; missing and prisoners, 350. A large proportion of the 64,862 names listed as wounded are minor cases, it was said, many patients having long since recovered and re turned to duty. Officials explained that the total is really less, due to the fact that General Pershing's to tal included marine casualties of 1202 killed and more than 4000 wounded which already have been published by the marine corps head quarters here. ♦ RAILWAY ...AKES LARGE LABOR CALL NEW YORK.—The largest single call for labor received at the head quarters of the United States em ployment service here since the arm istice was signed came tonight from the Pennsylvania railroad company, which asked for 8500 men. More than half o fthe total are wanted for skilled work and the rest as labor ers. MORE COAL DISCOVERED POCATELLO, Ida.—A coal mine within ten miles of Pocatello Is the announcement made by O. K. Kim ball of this city, who has just com pleted a lease on 1160 acres of land in the Fort Hall Indian reservation. The lease was arranged with the of ficials in charge of the reservation. Mr. Kimball statep that he will form a company in the spring to develop a coal prospect he has been working ten miles west of the city. A twelve foot vein of coal has been uncovered, states the promoter. No Other Christmas in our time has meant so much to so many people as this one, and we wish to add our emphasis to the great joy of the season that bespeaks Peace on Earth Good WiUto Men « We regard it a privilege to be alive and rendering service in such a period, and at the approaching Yuletide we are glad to have done our bit and our best. We wish you all a merry Christmas and a happy and prosperous 1919. THE BROWN-HART CO «• The Home of Popular Prices." Blackfoot Idaho ELECTRIC EDITION BOISE, Ida.—-The first hearing in the northwest on the subject of gen eral heating by use of electrical en ergy is on in this city. It was con vened on the initiative of the Idaho public utilities commission and no doubt certain startling and wild, statements made during the recent campaign had something to do with the action of the commission, which could not ,of course, take up the matter during the campaign. The commission invited all power com panies and an citizens having any information on the subject to be present. A special invitation was sent to [Joe Burns, who campaigned the state for the Non-partisan league and made sensational statements about the availablity and cost of power, but he did not appear. The com mission sent a subpeona for him with a statement it would pay his expenses. It is contended that Burns has no real knowledge of the sub ject and that his statments were without foundation in fact and made for political purposes as well as to deliberately disseminate misinforma tion. Ray McKaig, another Non partisan league agent, also made statements that the commission may ask him to explain. Every bit of available knowledge is sought and ;the evidence comes not only from power companies, but from profes sors of leading colleges, where they hold chairs of electrical engineering and physics. Not Enough Power Dr. Merrill, professor of electrical engineering of the University of Idaho, testified that if all the power available in Snake river, from Amer ican Falls west, and tributaries and springs were used exclusively for heating purposes there would not be enough to supply the population in that district, irrespective of cost, detailed and authenticated figures. Cost Per Kilowatt It was brought out by various en gineers that the cost per kilowatt of producing juice in this territory was over $30 at the present time. This was the cost to the Idaho Power company and included only operat ing, maintenance and taxes and not interest on the investment or de preciation. The cost of supplying juice for the average house of five rooms was given at $300 to $442 a year, de pending on winter climatic condi tions, as against around $60 for Then & a Salesman from Virginia rj * n 0 salesman. "This is Real Gravely. That small chew satisfies, and the longer you chew it the better it tastes. That's why it doesn't cost anything extra to chew this class of tobacco." • • It t— farther—tkmt't why yrm cmn Ht 1 lit t—duHt ifthh Itut cf Itiatt* mitk* who was chewing and awapping vams with the men on the Post Office comer. "Have a chew," says he to Jake. Jake doesn't think he's chew ing unless his cheek bulges out like he had the mumps. "Call that a chew?" he snorts. "Sure!" says the tat catra cut. PEYTON BRAND Real Gravely Chewing Plug each piecepacked in a pouch P-D GRAVELY TOBACCO CO DANVILLE. VA codl. The cost of installing the neces sary wiring and heaters was gen erally agreed to be $200 to $300 for each house .depending upon local regulations as to use of conducts, i i.=d etc. Results From Grace Plant H. M. Ferguson, electrical engin eer of the Utah Power & Light Co., testified that if the entire capacity of its best plant, at Grace, were used for heating purposes alone, cutting off lights and power for industrial purposes, it would not be sufficient to heat more than 1100 of the 1332 houses of McCammon, Soda Springs, Bancroft, Georgetown, Montpelier and Paris. Would Deprive Industries The managers of small electrical plants all declared it would be im practical to furnish electric energy for heating in their territory at any cost. The capacities were not suf ficient and the available water power to be developed would not bring them up to meet a general demand. Some said they had surplus power that if used under compulsion for heating, irrespective of price, would deprive industry, and especially min ing, of needed power at seasonable peroids and their communities of many thousands of dollars. AMELIA KIRKPATRICK HOME Miss Amelia Kirkpatrick and lit tle nephew Harold, son of J. F. Kirkpatrick returned to Blackfoot last Sunday evening, after spending several months in St. Louis, Mo., where the little boy was ' being treated at the McLain sanitorium for infantile paralysis. Miss Kirkpatrick is delighted and emphatic over the wonders that are performed at this institution for cripples. They make a specialty of treating and curing bow legs and club feet and Miss Kirk patrick says it is almost unbe lievable the wonders they preform along this line. Her little nephew is very much improved and she con siders the time she spent there in deed worth while. Miss Kirkpatrick is a native of Blackfoot and says she is mightv glad to be home again among her many friends. She says she likes Missouri alright but will take t'e good old west for hers any day, be cause it is possible for one to get a good breath of fresh air out here. Her many friends are glad to have her among them again.