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The Idaho Republican. [volume] (Blackfoot, Idaho) 1904-1932, December 27, 1918, Image 2

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OPPOSE GOVERNMENT CONTROL
BEYOND TWENTY-ONE MONTHS
PERIOD DESIGNATED.
Fight for Prompt Return of Lines to
Ownera After the Passage of
Remedial Laws Is
Decided Upon.
New York.—A definite program call
ing for prompt return of the railroads)
after the passage of remedial federal
legislation was worked out at a meet
ing here, December 20, of the standing
committee of the Association of Rail
road Executives, according to an offi
cial announcement. While provisions
of the plan were not made public, it
was said that they took into consider
ation every detail of the program.
The program will be submitted next
month to the senate interstate com
merce commission, if it is approved at
a full meeting of the association called
for December 30.
Whatever the cost, it was said, the
executives are opposed to extending
the period of federal control beyond
twenty-one months after the signing
of peace, as prescribed by law. It is
understood that, rather than have the
time extended to five years, as sug
gested by Director General McAdoo,
they would prefer return of the roads
without the proposed legislation.
A hint as to what form the execu
tives think this legislation should take
is found in the reasons they ascribe
for improved conditions effected by
government operation, which are ad
ditional equipment, abolition of the
shipper's power to route his own traf
fic, increase in demurrage rates, de
crease in time allowed for loading and
unloading, and strict supervision of
shipments.
RECORD BANK RESOURCES.
Comptroller of Currency Gives Re
markable Figures Regarding Banks.
Washington.—Resources of the na
tional banks of the country on Novem
ber 1, the date of the last call, aggre
gated $19,821,404,000, Comptroller of
the Currency Williams announced on
Sunday. This not only fas a new high
record, but was an increase of $1,-777,
799,000 over the total shown by the
call last August 31.
The resources of the national banks
of the United States, Mr. Williams said,
exceed the combined aggregate re
sources of the national banks of issue
of England, the Dominion of Canada,
France, Italy, the Netherlands, Norway,
Sweden, Denmark, Japan and Ger
many, as shown by their latest avail
able reports.
Mr. Williams also said that the na
tional banks' resources were only one
billion dollars less than the combined
resources of all state and other banks
and trust companies in the country, as
shown by their reports of June, 1917,
and that in the past five years the
growth of the resources of the national
institutions had been greater than the
increase which took place in the pre
ceding twenty-five years.
UNIVERSITY HONOR3 PRESIDENT
Recognizes Wilson as Jurist and His
torian.
Paris.—In the great amphitheatre of
the University of Paris, (the Sar
bonne), President Wilson Saturday aft
ernoon, December 21, received the de
gree of doctor, honoris causa, con
ferred upon him in recognition of his
work as a jurist and historian. This is
the first time In the history of the
university that an honorary degree has
been bestowed, authorization for its
granting having been given by a re
cent decree.
President Poincare, the presidents
of the senate and the chamber of depu
ties, the diplomatic corps, members of
the government and the highest civil
and military authorities were present
nt the ceremony.
Great crowds cheered the president
when he arrived at the university, ac
companied by Mrs. Wilson, William
Graves Sharp, the American ambas
sador, and Jean Jules Jusserand,
French ambassador to the United
.States.
Villa Bandits Hold Up Train.
151 Paso.—La Republica, a Mexican
dally, published a statement that Mar
tin Lopez and thirty-five Villa follow
ers held up a Mexican Central pas
sengertrain at Bachlmba pass, thirty
miles south of Chihuahua City, Sunday,
killing AH the train guards and robbing
the passengers.
British Fleet to Visit U. 8.
London.—It is reported that the ad
miralty views favorably the suggestion
that r a large part of the British fleet
commanded by Admiral Sir David
Beatty should visit the United States.
Bandits 8teal Liberty Bonds.
Joplin, Mo.—Bandits early Friday
blew open the vault In the bank of
Granby, Mo., twenty miles southeast
of here, and escaped with $15,000
worth of unregistered Liberty bonds.
No money was taken.
Acquitted of Murder Charge.
Md.—Charles Halwardt
Johnson was acquitted by a jury of
On* charge of murdering Maj. William
] Kin-: of Brooklyn, N. Y., supervls
.ring of the Aberdeen prov
Elkton,
Ji'
i 7*
OF THE NORTH POLE
NOTED EXPLORER TO HEAD MOST
COMPLETELY EQUIPPED EX
PEDITION EVER SENT OUT.
Results of Inestimable Value to the
United States and to Science Ex
pected to Be Obtained.—Plan
Conoeived by Admiral Peary.
j pole by aeroplane, according to an
nouncement here, December 22, by the
Aero Club of America. The plan, It
was said, was conceived by Rear Ad
mlral Robert E. Peary, discoverer of
the pole,
region." It is also Intended, according
to the announcement, "to explore the
upper air and the bottom of the polar
basin."
New York.—An expedition to be led
by Captain Robert A. Bartlett, noted
explorer, will be sent to the polar re
gions next June to survey the north
The purpose of this expedition,
which, it was said, would be the most
completely equipped ever sent out, will
be to "explore, survey and photograph
the unexplored parts of the Arctic re
gions and establish the existence or
non-existence of land or lands in that
Results of inestimable value to the
United States and to science surely
will be obtained from this expedition,
said the announcement, which added
that the club would raise $250,000 to
finance the trip.
"The north, pole has been discov
ered, but the major part of the work
still remains to be done," the an
nouncement states.
"Both Admiral ^eary and Captain
Bartlett want to do a great deal of
scientific research in the polar basin,
of which over 1,000,000 square miles
remain unexplored, and they would
want to have a laboratory on the ship,
where the flora and fauna from the
ocean bottom will be kept until the re
turn of the expedition. Little or no
data has' be*en received from the bottom
of the polar basin, and no meteoro
logical surveys have been made in the
polar regions."
Asserting that "with the co-opera
tion of the leading geographical and
scientific bodies assured," it is planned
to have the expedition leave the
United States next June, the an
nouncement continued: "There are six
weeks of fair weather in July and
August, when, comparatively speaking,
the cold is not extreme.
"The plans are to have a ship go to
Etah, about 600 miles from the north
pole, In June, when the Ice is suffi
ciently broken to permit the ship to
cross Melville bay. The ship would
carry a large seaplane or land air
plane for the final flight across the top
of the earth and for exploration of tKs
unexplored polar regions, as well as
smaller planes for the scouting flights.
"Immediately upon arrival at Etah a
base would be established, and, while
waiting for the Ice to break up far
ther north to permit the ship to go as
far as Cape Columbia, the small sea
planes would fly to Cape Columbia and
establish a base there for the large
plane which is to be used for the flight
across the top of the world, from Cape
Columbia on the American side over
the pole to Cape Chelyuskin on the Si
berian side, and for exploration over
long distances'.
"For the six weeks after the middle
of July, when the weather conditions
best for flying in the polar re
gions, the large plnne, as well as the
other planes, will be put Into service
and the important work of the expedi
tion will be done."
Asserting that only one-sevent» of
the earth's surface has been accurate
ly mapped, and two-thirds only mapped
from rough sketches, officers of the
club stated that by use of airplanes It
would be possible to do In twenty
years what would require 200 years by
usual methods.
are
LODGE FEARFUL OF FUTURE.
Massachusetts Senator Discusses Wil
son's Fourteen Peace Points.
Washington.—Five of President Wil
son's fourteen principles of peace were
held up In the senate Saturday by Sen
ator Lodge, the Republican leader, as
questions which might lead to division
the nations which certainly
among
should be postponed until after the
peace conference,
secret diplomacy, freedom of the seas,
economic barriers, reduction of arma
ments and the league of nations.
They relate to
Jealousy Prompts Murder.
Baltimore.—Dr. Mobruy Ishida, a
Japanese, and a member of the medical
stuff of the Sheppard-Pratt hospital
here, shot and Instantly killed Dr.
George B. Wolfe, another physician of
the hospital, in the office of the institu
tion Saturday. Jealousy over one of the
nurses prompted the deed, according to
the police.
Mineral Production Increased.
the spur of
mineral production In the United
reached the unprecedented
Washington.—Under
war.
States
value of $5,010,948,000 in 1917, exceed
ing by 43 per cent the previous record
made in 1916.
Voice Schwab for President
Chicago—Choice of Charles M.
Schwab for next president of the
United States was voiced at a ban
quet given by the Chicago Machinery
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IDAHO REPUBLICAN
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1—Statue of Wilhelm I, grandfather of the kaiser, overthrown In Metz after the French occupied that city.
2—Singing of Te Deum In front of the Milan cathedral in honor of th defeat of the central powers. 8—
General Trepoff, former premier of Russia, at the head of a movement to put Grand Duke Cyril on the throne.
NEWS REVIEW OF
CURRENT EVENTS
Attitude of President Wilson As
sures Harmony With the
British and French.
IN ACCORD ON M/UN POINTS
Destruction of Surrendered Enemy
Warships Is Favored—Bolsheviki
Out-Voted In Germany and Ebert
Government Given Greater
Power — Poland Be
coming Very Ag
gressive.
By EDWARD W. PICKARD.
The tact with which President Wil
son has received the ovations Accord
ed him In France has created a most
favorable Impression abroad and at
home. Still more pleasing Is It to
record the fact that he has gone to
Europe with a much more open mind
than many had feared was the case.
Though standing firmly on his four
teen points, he is open to conviction as
to the best means of applying his
Jdeas. In brief, he went across with
no set program for the adjustment of
the many problems that must arise,
and he is devoting himself whole
heartedly to learning the views of the
representatives of the other nations.
On some of the greatest questions to
be determined, the organization of a
league of nations, the Indemnity to be
assessed against Germany and the dis
position of the surrendered German
:war fleet, it appears the American and
^British delegates will be in full ac
cord, and there is reason to believe
Ithe French representatives will be sat
isfied in these matters. Furthermore,
Mr. Wilson, It Is asserted In Paris, In
sists that In formulating the peace
treaty no one nation shall be allowed
to assume the role of master, dictating
to the others their line of conduct.
The president has not changed his
views as to the foundation of a league
ot nations, and those, In general, meet
with the approval of the British and
French. The French Society for a
League of Nations, of which Senator
Bourgeois is president, already has
drafted a complete plan for the consti
tution of such a league and submitted
to Premier Clemencean. This so
ciety is not of recent formation. Its
delegates will confer with members of
similar organizations In the other al
lied countries and probably the result
of their deliberations will be submit
ted to the peace conference. One of
President Wilson's demands concern
ing such a league, namely, that Its or
ganization shall be a part of the peace
treaty, will meet with opposition In
America, If not at the conference.
Some Republican senators are against
what they think would be unwise
haste in committing this nation to
such alliance and urge that the forma
tion of the league should be delayed
and made the subject of a separate
treaty, if adopted at all. Senator
Knox started the debate by proposing
resolution putting the senate on rec
ord as favoring the postponement of
both the league of nations and the
freedom of the seas questions until
after the settlement of the immediate
Issues of the war.
Mr. Taft, who for long has been pro
moting the League to Enforce Peace,
combating this Republican opposi
tion and, it Is said, has warned the
Republican .senators that their course
may largely help the Democrats to
win the next presidential, election.
—IH—
As for the matter of Indemnity,
President Wilson has let it be known
that he is as determined as anyone
that Germany shall pay for the devas
tation she has wrought, and doubtlesf:
visit to the regions the Huns rav
aged will not lessen this determina
tion. But, so far ns is known, he does
contemplate the exaction of puni
tive damages from Germany. The en
tente allies have a very clear Idea of
what should be demanded of the Ger
mans in the way of payment, for they
have been the actual sufferers, and it
a
of
full agreement, will prevail In the
main.
—Hi—
America's delegates to the peace
conference, it Is declared, have agreed
to recommend the destruction of the
surrendered enemy warships, in or
der to avoid any disputes as to
their distribution. In this they are
supported by the British who,
through Sir Eric Geddes, first lord of
the admiralty, already had acquiesced
in the plan. The smaller nations prob
ably will protest against this plan, for
they had counted on building up their
navies with some of the Hun vessels.
' —Hi—
That vague proposition, the "free
dom of the seas," Is becoming a trifle
less vague, and the chances that it
will cause any serious dispute between
the Americans and the British at the
conference table are growing daily
more remote. It is understood that
•Mr. Wilson has assured, or will assure
Premier Lloyd George that he has no
intention of suggesting that the Brit
ish navy be reduced to a point that
•would endanger the Bafety of the em
pire. In this, as in all else, the presi
dent's frequent conferences with the
statesmen of Europe are having de
cided effect and the possibility of
clashes between the American dele
gates and those of the other nations is
fading away rapidly.
King Victor Emmanuel of Italy and
the prince of Piedmont, heir to the
throne, arrived in Paris Thursday and
met President Wilson, formally invit
ing him to visit Italy. Over In Eng
land there was much confusion owing
to Mr. Wilson's sudden change of
plans regarding his visit to London.
He determined to be there on Decem
ber 28, Instead of waiting until later,
the reason given being the possibility
that he might find It necessary to re
turn to the United States earlier than
had been expected.
For the time being, at least, the bol
sheviki of Germany are beaten. The
national convention of delegates of
the soldiers and workmen's councils
opened in Berlin and at once declared
in favor of the calling of a national
assembly to elect a president of Ger
many and the government set Decem
ber 28 as the date. The Independent
Socialists lined up in the convention
with the Social Democrats, the party
which Is now in control and which Is
led by Ebert, Scheldemann and other
of the people's commissioners. Lieb
knecht and his Spartacldes vainly
fought the plan for a national assem
bly, and the fiery Karl was barred
from the meeting. Ebert continues to
urge the orderly formation of a re
public that shall be strongly social
istic, bnt the belief that he really
would foster a counter-revolution per
sists in some quarters. It was violent
ly voiced in the Berlin meeting by
Georg Ledebonr, a radical leader of
the Independent Socialists, but he was
howled down.
The response of the congress to the
attack was the adoption of a resolu
tion transferring legislative and execu
tive power to the Ebert government
until some other arrangement Is made
by the national assembly.
In many parts of Germany great dis
order prevails. At Danzig, for in
stance, all the prisons were opened
and the Inmates set at liberty, and
street fighting Is general.
Meanwhile the bolshevik menses Is
moving westward In Russia. The fol
lowers of Lenlne and Trotsky have or
ganized a formidable army and are
steadily attacking the people of the
Baltic provinces. The arrival of allied
naval forces at several ports has not
sufficed to stop this movement, and the
provisional government of Esthonla
has placed that "republic" under tbs
common protection of the entente pow
ers "pending the decision of the peace
conference.
Livonia, Courland and
much of Lithuania are in much the
same plight as Esthonla, and the retir
ing German troops are adding to the
distress of the people.
—IH—
There have been recently insistent
demands for the withdrawal of British
forces from Russia. To these Viscount
Milner, secretary of war, replies with
a statement explaining the continuance
of the allied operations in Russia and
Justifying them, not oniy ns the carry
ing out of an obligation of honor to
protect the Russians and Czecho-Slo
" m be' • •
a measure to prevent a reign of bar
barism there that would menace all
Europe.
The government of the recreated
Polish nation is going ahead rapidly
and with determination. Having come
to the conclusion that Germany was In
alliance with the bolshevik!, it sev
ered diplomatic relations with Berlin
and drove Count Harry Kessler, the
German minister, out of the country.
He was accused of having taken to
Warsaw a corruption fund of 20,000,
000 marks to organize a bolshevik coup
there. The government also has or
dered elections to the Polish parlia
ment in the districts of Allensteln, Po
sen, Oppeln, Beuthen, Kattowitz. Fla
tow and Danzig, and this is denounced
by the German press as the Implied an
nexation of large parts of German east
ern provinces. The Poles have ordered
the mobilization of about 1,500,000
men.
On Friday came the news that a
Polish army numbering 50,000 was be
ing landed at Danzig, the seaport of
West Prussia, which the Poles seek as
an outlet to the Baltic sea.
Another anti-German leader of pie
Ukrainians has come to the front,
General Petlura, and he has occupied
Odessa. He has the support of the
working and middle classes, and has
declared war against the Ukrainian
government, the capitalists and the
land owners. He advocates the exten
sion of the Ukraine Into the Ruthenlan
portions of Galicia, and consequently
will find himself opposed by the Poles.
—Hi—
Having marched up to and across
the Rhine, the allied armies of occupa
tion now hold the three bridgeheads
on the east bank of that river; as stip
ulated in the armistice. The British
have the Cologne bridgehead, the
French that at Mainz, and the Ameri
cans and French together hold the
bridgehead of Coblenz. Forty-two per
cent of this, the southern part is occu
pied by the Pollus. The American Third
army, under General Dlckman, was In
Its final position at the expiration of
the original period of the armistice,
exactly according to the plans made a
month before, despite changes therein
and the dlflkulties of moving a large
army so far, with all its supplies.
The people of Cologne are not en
joying the restrictions on their move
ments Instituted by the British, and
hundreds of them have been arrested
for being out In the streets In the eve
ning. The French, also are very strict
with the inhabitants of the territory
they are occupying. There Is no dan
ger of any sympathy for the Huns be
leg stirred up by this.
Practically every day sees the ar
rival of one or more transports laden
with returning American soldiers,
many of them wounded, and arrange- I
ments for their release from the serv-!
Ice are being perfected. That their mb
sorptlon Into the civil life of the conn
try will be accomplished without tron
ble Is assured by leaders In industrial
attain. The casualty lists Just now
are longer than ever, for we are got
ting the names of the boys who fell
In the great fight In the Argonne, the
severest conflict In which the Amsri
can troops were engaged.
Our navy also Is coming home, piece
meal. Many of the vessels will be kept
abroad for some time, and American
naval stations will be maintained at
Brest, Gibraltar and the Azores for a
year at least, the consent of France,
Great Britain and Portugal - having
been obtained. These stations, with
their seaplanes and radios, will render
aid to the merchant marine. Our
other naval establishments in Europe
are being dismantled aa rapidly as pos
sible.
—IH—
Swift work on the finance bill has
been done by the senate. Among the
many Important committee amend
ments adopted was one imposing a tax
of 10 per cent on profits from child la
bor products entering Interstate com
merge. Twelve Southern senators,
and they alone, voted against this
amendment, which Is designed to re
place the child labor law declared an
constitutional by the Supreme court
-IH
Admlral Castro was elected presi
dent of Portugal to succeed Doctor
Poes, who was assassinated as the re
sult of a conspiracy alleged to have
been formed by the League of Repab
lipi«n
WAR TAX MEASURE
PASSED ST SENATE
WILL RAI8E 8IX BILLION DOL
LARS IN 1919 AND FOUR
BILLION IN 1920.
Revenue Measure Which Has Been
Before the 8enate Since December
12 Now Goes to Conference,
Planned to Begin January 2.
Washington.—Without a record vote,
the senate on December 23 passed the
war revenue bill, reduced to raise
about six billion dollars in 1919 and
four billion in 1920, as compared with
the levy of $8,200,000,000 for next
year, proposed in the bill passed by
the house three months ago.
When the final vote wus taken at
10:40 o'clock the senute had been In.
continuous session for nearly thirteen
hours. Immediately after the passage
of the-bill the senate began Its holiday
vacation under the plan for three-day
recesses until January 2. Absence of a
quorum in the house, however, had
'prevented that body .from putting a
similar program into effect.
•The revenue bill, which had been be
fore the senate since December 12,
now goes to conference with formal
meetings of the senate and house man
agers, planned to begin January 2 with
a view to final enactment of the legis
lation next month.
In disposing finally of controverted
sections, the senate rejected, 55 to 6,
the substitute bill of Senator La Fol
lette of Wisconsin which proposed
higher rates principally on war-excess
profits and individual income sur
taxes.
Another vote on the second-class
postage question also was taken and
the senate sustained, 41 to 22, its pre
vious action in favor of the amend
ment, which will repeal the existing
zone rates of publications and substi
tute a rate of 1 cent a pound within
150 miles and 1% cents a pound be
yond.
A change made in the automobile
tax section, provided for exemption of
trucks, tractorS and trailers, reducing
the bill's estimated revenue yield by
about $30,000,000, but the reinsertion
of the luxury tax clause will result in
an estimated yield of $80,000,000.
The Inheritance tax plan proposes a
graduated levy ranging from 1 per cent
on inheritances between $10,000 and
$25,000 to 25 per cent on those over
$2,500,000.
REMOVE RULE8 ON ALIEN8.
But Attorney General Continues to
Exercise Power to Intern.
Washington. — All restrictions on
German enemy aliens except those ap
plying to entry into and departure
from the United States and those af
fecting the power of Intetrnment were
ordered removed Monday by Attorney
General Gregory, effective Christmas
day. This action was taken on cabled
instructions from President Wilson,
and will affect about 500,000 German
men and women.
It was explained that the depart
ment of Justice would continue to ex
ercise the power of Internment of dan
gerous German enemy aliens and that
the order would not affect such aliens
already interned.
Bomb 8u«pect Arrested.
Milwaukee, Wis.—Dominick Coster
ello, charged by his wife with making
and placing a bomb which killed ten
detectives and police and one woman
In Milwaukee Central police station on
November 24, 1917, has been arrested
In Lancaster, Pa.
Authority on Leprosy Dios.
Brookline, Mass. — Dr. Donald H.
Currie, of the United States public
health service, port physician of Bos
„ , .. .
ton * an< * regarded as one of the fore
mo8t authorities on leprosy in Amer
lca > dle< T at hla ^ ome Monday of pnou
monla, resulting from influenza.
-
The George Washington Back Homo.
United States
New York.—The
transport George Washington, which
took President Wilson to France, and
the steamship Cedric arrived here
Monday, bringing 0025 men from over
in time to celebrate Christmas In
seas
the United States,
festantB, one shouting against Spain
and the other crying for Spain, collid
ed here Monday. One of the persona
In the loyalist crowd was killed by a
pistol shot
8panish Crowds Clash.
Balboa, Spain.—Two groups of man*
'Jelllcoe to Visit Australia.
Mpihiuyne. — Admiral Sir John Jel
licoe, foraer first sea lord of the Brit
ish admiralty, will come to Australia
in February to review the common
wealth's naval base program.
Denies Recall of Von Eckhardt.
Washington.—Ambassador Fletcher
at Mexico City advised the state de
piir t me nt Monday that El Pueblo, a
.rovernment organ, had denied that
y on Eckhardt, the German minister to
Mexico had been recalled,
Wilson Opposes Sinking Hun 8hlpe.
Washington. — It may be stated
authoritatively that President Wilson
will oppose in the most direct fashion
proposals from any source to sink the
warships surrendered by Germany un
der the terms of the armistice-

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