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ifoalp Witpnhixtmx OFFICIAL PAPER OF CITY AND COUNTY * $3 ft Year Vol. XV. No. 24-A BLACKFOOT, BINGHAM COUNTY, IDAHO, TUESDAY, DECEMBER 31, 1918 LOCAL DELEGATE ADVISES BEET GROWERS TO CONCENTRATE ON MATTER OF CONTRACT SIGNING Suggests Waiting Until After Public Meeting Can be Held and Matters Thoroly Discussed in Detail; Association Confident of Securing Higher Price / _ Pleasing features of contract t Arthur Manwaring of Blackfoot, Idaho the delegate appointed fro to represent beet growers In the In termountain Association of Sugar Beet Growers, and who has addressed farmers of this locality thru this pub lication previously, still urges farm ers to postpone signing beet contracts for 1919, as he feels very confident that the association will bring about a pleasing and satisfactory contract agreement that will bring farmers more than $12 per ton for their 1919 beet crop. i ,i Sample contract blanks are being circulated among the- farmers or sugar beet growers of Utah and Idaho, which are based upon the true co-operative principle, in that they afford just as square a deal for the sugar companies as for the farmers. The association or congress have de termined that a flat rate as hereto fore maintained by the sugar com panies is not giving the farmer his dues and they are working against that method . The distinctive features of the contract are first; it removes the farmer from the position of accept ing charity from the company in the matter of reduced prices for seed. Second, it compels the companies to stand the loss of delay at dumps. Third, it bases the value of beets upon their sugar content and the market price of sugar which is the true basis of value. Forth, it pro vides a time certain for payment allowing the grower to receive a sub stantial part of his beet money in the spring when the average farmer has a hard time to get money, and it prohibits the company selling its sugar to the speculator. Fifth, it compels the company to share - weather risks with the farmer at digging time. Sixth, it gives the farmer the first chance at the cattle feed produced at the factory at the prlceB fixed by the companies them selves. Seventh, it provides a way Ao protect the grower that is busi ness-like and efficient. Mr. Manwaring advises that as soon as the influenza situation clears somewhat a big meeting will be held in Blackfoot at which time and place the various paragraphs of the con tract will be discussed and explained and conclusions arrived at. He says there will be speakers at the meet ing from Salt Lake City, who have had experience with the congress or convention work. Any one having any suggestions to offer or questions to ask are invited • Health Commissioner of New York City Tells Why He Kept Theatres Open During the Recent "Flu" Epidemic Following is the letter sent by Dr. Royal S. Copeland, Health Commissioner of New York City, to the National Association of the Motion Picture Industry: DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH City of New York 130 Center Street New York December 17, 1918 . National Association of the Motion Picture Industry, Times Building, City. Gentlemen; I am pleased to comply with your request to furnish you with my observations regarding the relation of the theatres, and the motion picture theatre In particular, to the recent epidemic of influenza in New York City. As you know I was steadfastly of the opinion that in a city like New York it would be folly to expect to obtain relief through closing of the moving picture theatres, when the crowded transportation lines and other densely packed places of assembly were permitted to operate. There never was any doubt in my mind regarding the status of the well ventilated, sanitary theatre, but I did have serious objection to allowing the insanitary, hole-in-the-wall theatre to continue. Every place of the later sort which our in spectors found was closed immediately and was not allowed to reopen until the necessary alterations and Improvements were made. In view of our experience in New York City, where the death rate was the lowest of any large city on the coast, we are convinced that our decision to keep the theatres open was wisely made. The moving picture theatres were of great assistance to the Department of Health in furthering the work of the public health education during the epidemic. Managers of the various theatres gave brief talks before the opening of each performance, advising their patrons of the requirements of the Board of Health regarding sneezing, coughing and expectorating. In every motion picture theatre in the city messages were flashed on the screen with appeals from the Board of Health for the co-operation of the public in stamping out the epidemic. Managers limited their audiences to the number of persons that could be seated and prohibited smoking for the period of the epidemic. My principal purpose in keeping open the theatres in New York City was to prevent the spread of panic and hysteria, and thus to protect the public from a condition of mind which would predispose it to physical ills. Properly operated theatres were valuable factors in maintaining the morale of the city, and New York City was notably free from a hysterical sense of calamity during our epidemic ,and I am firmly convinced that It would hare been yery unwise to have closed them. Very truly yours, (Signed) R. S. COPELAND, Commissioner. to telephone Mr. Manwaring at 'phone 417rl or write him at Black foot route 1. He will gladly receive suggestions and tako pleasure in answering questions. ♦ ANOTHER PRINTING HOUSE IS CLOSED The Scott printing establishment at Idaho Kalis is closed, and one of the newspapers that has been doing commercial printing has given up job printing and confined their efforts to keeping the newspaper going. There is a general shrinking of the printing and advertising business in blackfoot, and of the eight print ing presses in the town, it is doubt ful if all the work that is being done on them would keep two of them going more than four hours a day. That means that several lists of "overhead" expenses are a loss to somebody, and could be turned to other lines and never be missed by the community. ♦ Mrs. Ryan Passes Away Succumbs Sunday Morning After Suf fering for Some Months; Re mains Taken to Neb. Maria Ryan, beloved mother of Katherine and James Ryan of this city, departed this life at her home on Shilling avenue at 6.30 o'clock Sunday morning, Dec. 29, at the age of seventy-nine years. Mrs. Ryan had been in poor health much of the summer and fall and gradually grew weaker until the end came; death being caused by gallstones. Mrs. Ryan came to Blackfoot eight years ago, where she undertook to keep house for her family. She came here from Beaver Crossing, Neb., afid during the years she spent in our city she, made & wide circle of warm friends whoBe respect and admiration she won and held thru her kind, motherly ways and com forting smile, which was always ready. Besides her many friends she leaves to mourn her loss James and Katherine Ryan of Blackfoot, Teresa Ryan of Salida, Colo., and Mabel Ryan of New York City: Another daughter, Mrs. Flinn, passed out of this life a few months ago. James Ryan left Monday morning with the remains which will be in tered at Friend, Neb. Two Small Blazes In Town Saturday Neither One Caused Any Great Loss. Fire Engine Delayed. Good Time to Fix Flues Blackfoot had two little fires Sat urday. One started at about four In the morning, and a small house at the north end of Blast Main street, next door to Edwin Watson's* The stove sat too close to the woodwork and set It afire. The fire-company responded to the alarm, but the fire vas under control when they arrived, "here was a little delay In getting the fire engine to the scene, due to a broken wire in the electrical ap paratus. Fire Chief Boice had tested everything at 7 o'clock in the even ing and the engine responded per fectly. He lei it run a few minutes to take the chill -oil of the water in the cooler, and it seems that the vibrations parted the wire at that time and left the imperfect circuit that delayed them in the morning. The report that something about the machine was frozen was a mistake. At 1.30 in the afternoon a rusty stove pipe extending thru the roof of Elmer Wright's house in the west end of town, leaked fire intq the roofing, and the fire company made a swift run to the place, but they had the fire under control. We wish at this time to renew our friendly admonition to all people to exmaine their flues and pipes, and repair defects. If any stove or pipe is close enough to woodwork with is close enough to woodwork to parch it under full draft, either move the stove away or line the woodwork with asbestos. This material is a nonconductor of heat and is sold at hardware stores. To protect a plas tered waif and still have it look natural ,get the bulk asbestos and mix It into a mush and coat the wall with it. It is not expensive and any body can put it on. ♦ Miss Leona Williams came home from Albion the last of the week, where she has been attending school, to spend the holidays with her par ents. I want to tell you how a Blackfoot man got quainted with a cabinet / member, Mr. McAdoo, but f I don't want you to foL / low his example in trying / to better the service in / ac th e (a THE EDITOR SUGGESTS Chapter II. I did not quite In chapter one finish the suggestions about how the public can improve the service at the post office. , ._. The busy hours in the Blackfoot office are from about three till six the afternoon, and people living in town who have packages to reg ister or other business at the otnce that requires much of the time of the postal clerks, would help the ser vice and make it easier for the clerks if they would go to the post office earlier in the day. Four mail trains bring In mail near the close of the day, and that keeps all hands busy. In addition to that, a rush of pack age and money order work at the windows adds to the pressure of busi ness, and makes it hard for all- and increases the chances for mistakes. There is so much writing and re cording to be done In connection with some of the packages and otters, that it is simply impossible to finish it all up at 6 o clock, so they have choose between working overtime for nothing, missing meals and in terrupting their affairs genera ly or leaving the unfinished work till next day. When that Is done it often de lays shipments so there is disappoint ment among the senders. The remedy is to deliver such mail earlier wait until the next in to in the day or morning. Don't Mix the Work In offices of this class, the de livery window is closed while mail is being distributed ,and persons hav ing cards saying, "Call for package too large for box," often present the cards at the stamp window or the money order window and ask to be served. To do this would be to have that clerk leave his work and the things he is responsible for and go to another section and disturb what another person has in charge and is responsible for. Such interruption is not satisfactory to either clerk, and they decline to act upon such re quests. Don't Bnt In Nearly everybody is agreeable and thoughtful in dealing with the postal There are just a few who to feel that they ought to be clerks. seem waited on in advance of others or out of their turn, especially when they merely want to buy stamps, but this interrupts other transactions and besides being offensive to the other patrons, it increases the chances of making mistakes, and that is serious. A good many girls and women delay matters, bless their hearts, by getting up to the window Edward Byers Visits Home At present Is Oonvalesing in Army Hospital; Wonnded Arm Improving Edward Byers, son of Mr. and Mrs. A. E. Byers of this city, spent a five day furlough with his friends and relatives here this week. He arrived Monday evening and left Friday for the hospital from whence he chme. Mr. Byers was shot in the arm, Just at the elbow, in a battle in France and was sent to the Fort Des Moines, la., hospital to recover from 4he wound. He arrived at the fort •ctober 27, and has been convales mg at that place since. He was looking and feeling very well at the ■me of his visit home and it is mought that he will very soor regain flhe complete use of his arm, which is gradually growing stronger. He will be required to remain at the army hospital until his arm is as well as it will get, or as good as new, in order that he may receive the very best of special care. It will be remembered that Ed ward Byers and the late Lieut. Stew art Hoover were the two first boys from Blackfoot to be transported to France. Mr. Byers saw sixteen months of hard service in France, having landed there with the Fif teenth infantry, first division, on June 25, 1917. He is very anxious for the time to come when he can be released from the hospital and allowed to returfi home. ♦ COUNTY COMMISSIONERS MEET The regular session of the county commissioners comes on the second Monday in January, which in this case will be the sixteenth, and the county officers will be sworn in at that time. The new board consists of M. A. Fugate of Aberdeen, James Christen sen of Jameston, and R. G. Bills of Blackfoot. It is likely that the new board will organize with Mr. Bills chairman, since it is customary and most convenient to have the chair man at the county seat. i in their turn .asking tor say three, 3-cent stamps, and then when the stamps are laid out, up comes a handbag, it is opened, a handkerchief is taken out, then a little package, then a purse, then the purM is opened, a dime is taken out, then a search is made for a nickle and four pennies with the result that the exact change is not found, then the dime is surrendered, the change received and put in the purBe, the purse is put back in the bag, the package and handkerchief are replaced and she is thru. If she had been thoughtful and had that dime in hand when she got to the window, the stamps and the cent would have been handed out instantly and several other customers could have been waited on while she was shuffling her money and goods. Help Rural Carriers The rural carriers are just now entering upon the period of storms and bad roads, and people are In vited to be thoughtful about having their mall boxes in proper repair. Persons wishing to buy stamps should place the money in an en velope or piece of folded paper, rather than leaving the coins loose in the box. The government claims the right to have these boxes used ex clusively for mall bearing postage. Nobody has the right to put un stamped mail or packages in such boxes. Persons distributing adver tising matter, such as posters, have no right to place it in the boxes un less it hears postage. Wasting Our County Funds We are wasting a great deal of money on roads In Bingham county, but the waste is so close to us and we are so accustomed to It, it is harder to see it and harder to break away from it than if it were farther from us. The average person agrees that road money is being wasted, but hesitates about changing our system to 'something else that is proposed as a remedy. Just to show you how easy It is to comprehend something that is farther away from us, let me tell you some railroad history. Mr. Harriman'g Letterheads When William H. Harriman took the management of the various west ern railroads that he was welding into the Harriman system, he found that every little system had a differ ent style of letterhead, some of them very elaborate and printed in two or three colors of ink. The cost of the letterheads on the various systems ran from about $2 to $11.50 per thousand. Mr. Harriman delegated a man to design a letterhead for use on the whole system that was simple and sufficient, and they had a better Continued on page eight HUNS FIRE ON ALLIED AUTOMOBILE CARRYING THE AMERICAN EMBLEM AND INSET CAUSES GREAT RIOT t Thirty-eight Women and Children and About One Hundred Boches and Polanders are Killed in the Streets of Posen During the Severe Rioting FIGHTING LASTED SEVERAL HOURS LONDON, Dec. 29.—Firing by German officers on an allied automo bile carrying an American flag was the cause of street fighting in Posen laBt Friday, says a dispatch to the Exchange Telegraph company from Copenhagen. The Germans were de feated in the fighting. About 138 persons, including a number of wo men and children, were killed during the rioting. The dispatch says: v "There was severe fighting be tween the Poles and Germans in Posen on Friday, which resulted in thirty-eight women and children and about 100 Germans and Polanders being killed. The affray originated as a result of a German officer firing on an allied automobile which was proceeding to Warsaw carrying the American flag. "The Germans insulted the flag and the Polish guard was called out. The fighting lasted several hours and the Germans were defeated. "A delegation from the British Influenza at Blackfoot Epedemic in Lighter Form. Many Business Men Suffering; the Bankers Main Victims T .B. Dahman of the Brown-Hart company is at home ill. George Anderson, cashier, Miss Ruby Hilliard, bookkeeper at the Blackfoot City Bank, are still off duty. i E. M. Kennedy of the First Na tional Bank, gave up his work Thurs day, but was back on the job Sat urday, declaring it was a false alarm about his flu. His was a bad cold. Miss Eula Palmer is much im proved after a severe illness with the influenza. Miss Mabel Molden is somewhat improved at this writing. Frank Berryman is still confined to his bed, but is very much Im proved. Albert Miller was dangerously ill with the influenza Saturday and Sunday and is much better. J. E. Estensen is ill and confined to his home and it is reported he has influenza. Wendell Gagon is still confined to his home, altho not able to resume his duties at the bank, he is able to be around. John'R. Jones was sick one day last week. Frank Moster resumed his work at the Standrod bank Monday morning after a weeks illnesB. W. F. Martin, who has been ill for several weeks with the rheumatism, is able to be around again. j9 Vail Clevenger On Way Home Vail Clevenger, son of Mr. and, Mrs. S. V. Clevenger of this city, is on his way home. The Clevengers received the glad tidings Sunday, sent from Camp Stewart, New Port News, Va., stating that he would leave for Salt Lake City and then home in a very short time. Vail has seen much active service in i.-'rance and had a rather exciting experience at Flames when he and his company were blown up. Vail says he is alright now with the ex- ception that the shock left him so he stammers slightly. -4 THE LEGISLATURE CONVENES The Idaho legislature will convene on Monday, the sixth of January, and members from this county are plan ning to go to the capital city the later part of this week. The members from Bingham are William A. Lee of Blackfoot for the senate, and Soren Yorgesen of Shel- ley and Lewis Robbins of Moreland for the house. -4 WANTS A GROCERY BUSINESS T. E. Roy, a former resident of Blackfoot, but now of Golden City, Mo., is here looking for an oppor tunity to get into the grocery busi ness. Mr. Roy left here about ten years gao and has been farming Iq. Mis souri and doing well. His daughters have grown up and would like to get into business in the old home town. QUARANTINE AT MACKAY A quarantine has been established at Mackay and persons desiring to go into the town are required to show doctor's certificate of health. a 4 VISITS BLACKFOOT Lieut. M. H. Eetabrook came to Blackfoot Saturday after having been discharged from the colors and visited with friends, leaving Monday morning for Ogden, where he has accepted a position. i mission to Posen protested to the German commander in the town, General Schlmmelfeng, but the Ger man officer declared that he had no control over the soldiers." Germans Soldiers Use Machine Guns on Polish Soldiers BERLIN, Saturday, Dec. 28.—The Lokal Hnzeiger's Posen correspond ent says there was street rioting in Posen on Friday evening. German soldiers marching thru the town are said to have hauled down the entente flags. A company of Polish civilian sol diers proceeded to police headquart ers for the purpose of raiding the premises. German soldiers with ma chine guns dispersed me Poles, who are said to have suffered severe losses. Quiet was restored at night. League to Protect Life and, Liberty of Former Kaiser BERLIN, Saturday, Dec. 28.—A "league for the protection of the per. sonal liberty and life of the kaiser" has been formed and will issue an appeal to the former advisers of the ex-emperor, as well as diplomats with whom he was associated, to sub mit all possible documents to prove the emperor's Innocence of bringing about the war. Prince Henry of Prussia, who was proposed for president of the league, suggested Von Hindenburg for the post. ♦ AROUND THE COURT HOUSE Holiday week finds only two pris oners in the county jail, one man charged with being a slacker, and one Mexican. Members of the sheriff's force have been ill and are. not doing much outside work. Since the Short Line forbids searching trains for boot leggers, there is little to do but find the owners for estray stock. / No applications have been made lately for marriage licenses. Two suits for divorce have been filed, one by Mildred E. Johnson against Gail H. Johnson, and one by May Miller Chalmers agalnBt J. Ross Chalmers. Two More Blackfoot Boys Coming Home This office is in receipt of a com munication from Gerstner Field, Lake Charles, La.,* bearing tiding of two Blackfoot boys who are the only two representing Blackfoot in a cer tain aviation section (aeronautics) Squadron G. , The two young men are Sergeant T. N. Stewart and Sergeant Charles G. Burriston and the message reads that they will be honorably dis charged very soon now and will be homeward bound on or about the fifteenth of January, 1919. The friends of these lads will be pleased to know that they have com pleted their work and that they havto well earned their silver stripes. Mr. Burriston has been serving ths squadron in the capacity of mess sergeant and sent a copy of the Christmas dinner menu which the boys enjoyed Christmas day. Fol lowing is a list: Roast turkey, giblet gravey, mashed potatoes, oyster dressing, potato salad, cranberry sauce, white bread, fresh tomatoes, creamery butter, strawberry pre serves, jello with whipped cream, devils food cake, pumpkin pie, fruit salad, coffee, cocoa, sweet cider, chocolate candy, mixed nuts, cigars and cigarettes and fresh fruits. * BLACKFOOT MEN OPEN STORE AT SHELLEY The Graham-Boyle Hardware com pany is the new firm that wUl open a hardware store in a new building Just completed at Shelley by the Moore Real Estate company. Nell F. Boyle and Ellis Graham of Blackfoot are the owners y and Mr. Graham will be manager. 7 Mr. Gra ham was in business at Aberdeen and sold out to enter the army. Since the signing of the armlstic he has been getting into business again, and will open the new store the first of February. YOUR EYES should be properly fitted for improperly fitted glasses will affect your health as well as your eyes. See Dr. H. H. Scarborough at the Eccles Hotel, TUESDAY, JAN. 7. Let hi"« stop your headaches.