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111 $ tiiUlilllill'UllII In the Cold Days of Winter THE FAMILY WASH CALLS FOR SHREWD MANAGEMENT FOR INSTANCE: If you hire a washer woman, and they are hard to find, you Furnish the fuel, soap, and all tools to work with, including electricity if you have an electric washer, give her her dinner, have your house all steamed and damp, just right to give all the family some colds, and you get by with washday. Some days she disappoints you, and your plans are all interrupted. SUPPOSE YOU DO IT YOURSELF: Then you still have the expense of ma terials mentioned, your house all damp and you are tired and suffering from exposure, with a good chance of a doctor's bill. TRY ANOTHER PLAN: Ring the Gem State Laundry and we do all the rest. You make Monday a day of rest, keep your house sweet and your physical condition prime, stave off sideness, receive the washing back in fine condition—clothes not yellow nor blue—and when you see them you will wear that smile that looks so good. YOU HAVE YOUR DOUBTS? Just come to our laundry any day and watch the clothes in process, see them go into the suds, see them come out in 15 minutes biy the clock, see them rinsed, see them dried by centrifugal power followed by hot air draft, see them ironed without friction, note how white and sweet they are, note that we have barred out nothing in the process that damaged the clothes in any way, and then you will know how your clothes will look when they go thru the process. IF YOU LIVE AT A DISTANCE, send your bundle by mail. You can send a large bundle now at a small cost. Gem State Laundry NORTH BROADWAY W. W. DAVIS, Manager SOLDIER SETTLEMENTS IN ENGLISH SPEAKING COUNTRIES The department of the interior has prepared a brief, but comprehensive summary of soldier settlement leg islation of other English speaking counties as a help to the people of this nation to understand and deal with one of the reconstruction pro blems which confronts us. The laws have special value because In most countries they are the outgrowth of several years' experience, prior to the war, with a rural development under which land was bought, subdivided, Improved, and sold to settlers on long-time payments. Provision for soldier settlement required, there fore, only the broadening of a sys tem of laws and policies already in operation. One important feature of these laws is the provision for co-operation between the federal and state author ities in Canada and Australia, and generally speaking, between the central government and the local authorities. Australia, which has an area about equal to the United States, has a comprehensive scheme for co-opera tion between the commonwealth gov • ernment and the several state gov ernments .under which the states provide the land and the federal government provides the money for reclamation, where this is necessary, and for financing the improvement and equipment for farms. Such co operation makes the movement truly national because it enlists all sections of the country and mobilizes in the service of soldiers public agencies which have the practical and techni cal knowledge needed to secure the desired results with the least effort, mony and time. Co-operation it is thought should be the outstanding feature of our legislation. If the movement is to be national in the fullest sense, every state should provide opportunities for its sons and should contribute to the expense and share in the direc tion of the movement. If this plan Is followed, state legislation is as necessary as federal legislation and both ought to be enacted this winter. WICKS I 4> t I The Davis A. Johnson family were the guests at the Mackie ho ne on News Years day. Mr. a..d Mrs. J. B. Davis and family of Rigby, Idaho visited at the Powell home on Thursday. Hester Thompson is a victim of the flu at the present time, but is getting along nicely under the care of Dr. Mitchell. Miss Jennie Sims was on the sick list the last of the week and unable to resume her duties as assistant at the county abstract office. The school board has decided not to reopen school at Wicks until a later date owing to the sickness in this district. ♦ •144: ■ ! + 1 ♦ 1 ♦ I ♦ 9 1 4 1 # THOMAS | ! The people of Thomas have do nated liberally toward a new Pipe less furnace which Is being Installed in the meeting house. All are hoping that the epidemic will soon subside so the people can mingle together again in the church and enjoy the new comfort. It is reported that Joe Peterson is ill with pneumonia at the pre very sent writing. Leo Murdock and family are all recovering from an attack of influ The family of Alaf Larsen are all suffering from influenza. Mrs. Higgins will give a family party in the near futuro for her son Edward who is soon to return home from the training camps. The en tertainment will be given in the large room In the basement in the school house. The last of the beets at the Rock ford dump were loaded on the last of December. The other dumps will be finished up soon. Mr. and Mrs. J. H. Evans enter tained at a dinner party on Christ mas day. The following were the guests: Mr. and Mrs. W. A. War<J and son of Idaho Falls, Mr. and Mrs. W. E. Brown of Rockford and Mrs. H. E. Brown. Mr. Ward returned home the following day but his wife and son remained to spend the Christmas week. -• THE PHONOGRAPH By C. C. Goodwin. (The following is from an unpub lished manuscript written by the late Judge C. C. Goodwin short y e ore is dea 1 .) An humble and devout family of this city had a child who was blessed with a wonderfully sweet voice. She, moreover, had a perfect musical ear, and the gift lo write touching little so-gs and hymns wh'ch she was wont to sirg to the ai's 'hat she had learned while yet in her early teens. Her masterpiece was a ( nristmas hymn she bad spent m cl, time uuou ami had adapted to e ipeidally * pleased "her mother. ' She had a sensitive mind, and vivid Imagination; fairy stories were real stories to her, and her mother was the godmother of all the faries 1 that were beautiful and good. She was sent to a school for young ladies, and there her voice attracted Immediate attention, and on numer ous occasions she was called upon to sing. Her schoolmates called her the whip-poor-will, so shrill but sweet and sad was her singing. At a concert her voice had at tracted a man whose business it was to make records for a phonograph, She sang for him, and he made many r6 Wi?h ?he h mon 0 ey g 8 S he n rece™' S he was able to purchase a phonograph, and this with many records she sent to a girl friends who had long been her chum and who lived near her mother in the old home. Explaining that it was a gift to her mother, and to keep it a secret until Christmas eve, she told her to take it to her home and to play one of the records, which was a Christmas hymn. The friend obeyed instructions, and In the gloaming of Christmas eve carried the phonograph and re cords to the mother, saying: I Then she sat the phonograph upon the table, put upon it the record of the Christmas hymn, wound the in strument and upon that home came back the full voice of the absent one, perfect in cadence and intonations. The effect was wonderful, the family was almost crazed with ex citement, and the poor mother thru her tears cried out: "Is she dead, and Is this her spirit singing?" Friends were called In and the evening was spent listening to the songs and hymns, and in the wonde* of the thing and the excitement lt caused, no other such Christmas eve had ever been spent in that home. But half a year later the daughter came home 111, and a few weeks later died. Now each night the evening service is closed by the phonograph singing to the family one of the girl's hymns In her own voice. The poor girl Is falling hack to dust, but every night In Its old tones her voice rings out and fills that home with music, and the mother says: "She Is not dead, she Is still singing to us. She has gone away, but she has not forgotten. When we go where she has gone, does any one doubt that we shall hear her voice again, only with added, Inef fable sweetness and the higher measure of music of Summer land?" Who knows? If the Intangible voice can be caught and preserved, and made to come 'at our bidding, not one divine note lost, caught and saved from the perishable ,what of the mind behind lt which first awak ened that voice Into sweetness? Is that lost? Has not the mother a foundation for her faith? Have not all the same foundation who believe in the wisdom and power and mercy of the Infinite? ♦ Mrs. Murphey, who lives at the east end of the Kirkpatrick lane west of Blackfoot, Is very low with chronic heart trouble. WHEN MAKING OUT A CHECK Take Time Enough to Write Legibly and Be Sure Amount Is Indicated Clearly in Writing. Do yon know how to write a check so that it cannot be successfully tam pered with? Experts declare that carelessness in that small matter is responsible for the loss of millions of dollars annually, the loss failing sorae times on the Individual and sometimes on (j, e t )an i £- There are mechanical devIces t0 preven t the raising of checks, but their use is not general. h „„„„„„ f th hllt pnrtly „ f e , of ,.\., eXp l enSe ' m <\ re particularly - Probably, because it " d . d » °" e h m ° re to the mult,tude of thl " gs to b e done, For those who are daily taking chances William G. Pengelly, hand writing expert In a recent paper, of fers some valuable advice in the draw | D g 0 f checks. His first suggestion Is tf) take enm]gh t , me for the proceg8 t0 «* ®f doing a good job. In filling 8p "' e tb « a " 0UDt «" m , erals ; wrlt e in legible figures, begln nln e c *ose to the printed dollar mark; don't leave space for the Insertion of another figure. Then write the amount in words, preferably beginning with a capital, at the left-hand end of the |lne; don . t wrIte lt so that th amounf cfonHta . .. .. . Stands , " the middle of the line; hav in « written the amount properly, draw » heavy line from the last letter to the word "Dollars" at the right. As he says, "block the words in" so that additions cannot be easily made either the beginning or at the end. When ^XaHTunTmH t T aa a ^ unmistakable identity, the check-raiser has little opportunity for his work. Another safeguard Mr. Pengellfj«ug gests is the writing of the amount of the check, either in figures or words, in re(J lnk a j, ove or t jj e signature t .. . ... T .. at tbe bpt Ip h,s ex P er ' e " ce he " ns ^ ound Gils to be a successful safe guard against fraud. But the all-lm portant things are legibility of hand writing and proper location of the written amounts. Don't be in a hurry i n writing a check. It is a haste that ™ k " LIKE OTHER ORIENTAL TOWNS Joppa Since Earliest History Has Been More or Less the Plaything of Conquerors. In the tribute lists of Thothmes III. king of Egypt, who held hls court on the banks of the Nile, some 1500 years before the Christian era, there figured the town of Joppa. Thothmes III was a mighty warrior. He fought no fewer than seventeen successful campaigns In Syria, twice captured Kadesh and was one of the greatest builders and administrators Egypt had ever known. So, although nothing Is certain about the matter, he probably captured Jop pa and laid tribute on the Inhabitants, who then, as today, built their houses over the "rounded hillock" which, from the sea, forms a gracious landmark. That was 3,400 years ago, and every now and again during all those cen turies, the old city, which looks out over the Mediterranean toward the coast of Africa, away beyond Egypt, has stepped Into and out of the history of the world. 8t. Mihlel Party. One Infnntry company at the end of several hours' advance found that it had cut Off several score of Germans in a wood. The Germans didn't show any fight. Most of them didn't even exhibit enough nerve to come out and surrender. When lt came time for the captain to make his periodical report to his battalion P. C., this sentence concluded the message he sent back: "Have about a hundred friendly troops in woods on my right"—Paris ■Stars and Stripe*. Lewis Stevens was a Pocatello visitor the week-end. T Swarm of Embryo Laws Soon to be Released From State Legislative Incubator Resolutions in the usual multi tude await the convening of the next legislature Monday. Whether because the next session is to be controlled by Republicans or not, a survey of these recomme dations in the aggregate points to a remarkable tendency toward the fav orite Republican principle of central ization. Practically every reform or change sponsored under the pressure of public opinion tends towards closer knitting of the state's administra tive functions. Some Insistent Demands. This is indicated in the clamor f-om all quarters for a change of the direct primary law; to shorten its processes and to put it on a plane where each step of its operation can be weighed in terms of responsibil ity against party organizations; by persistent declarations that the state land board should be made a com mission organization instead of be ing continued in its present form as an ex-officio body, made up of elective officals whose every act can be plainly counted in gain or loss of votes; by the growing favor of the budget system; which would be to the state's finances a central izer of expenditures—to mention on ly a few. Change Primary Law. There seems to be every indica tion that modification of the direct primary law will be undertaken, and that there will be but little op position to its revision. Republican solons, with few exceptions, have so expressed themselves, and Democrats do not mention the subject without declaring for a change to prevent capture of organizations by third parties, having in their favor a prac tical example of the present law's defect in the capture of their own organization last summer by the Nonpartisans. It is believed the Nonpartisan lea gue will insist on its seven represen tatives and six senators standing out against making any changes in the law. The result would be only to ad vertise the league's position, as in the face of the overwhelming Repub lican and Democratic sentiment the Nonpartisans could do nothing. Action at Last Session. Two years ago a reform bill direct ed at the primary law was passed by the senate by a majority of four and was lost in the house by only one vote. This bill provided for nomination of county officials under the present plan but for election of county delegations to a state conven tion to nominate state candidates Senator Borah expressed the wish that the matter be referred to a ref erendum vote. Organization of a new malitia -will be one of the most important matters to be considered by the new legis lature. As a neclus for a new regi ment companies have been organiz ed at Boise, Moscow, Sandpoint and Pocatello, and a company which was recently mustered out at Am erican Falls, would probably be av ailable for a new organization. Some Military Legislation. State legislation may be affected to a great extent by action on the question of universal training in congress, as a different system of managing defense organizations might be worked out to take the place of the present national guard plan. With the federalization of the 2nd Idaho for service overseas in the great war, Idaho lost its national guard as a state organization. It is for this reason that another regiment must be organized. Batification of the national pro hibition amendment will be one of the duties of the new legislature. It is believed that the amendment will be ratified unanimously by the Ida ho solons. A census of states by an eastern newspaper indicates that the necessary 36 states for passage of the amendment will ratify it. Should congress pass Ihc nation al suffrage amendment, it also will come up for ratification at this ses sion. With Senator Rocab 'holding out against the amendment because of the attitude of the southern states against it, and because he believes it a state problem instead of a na tional one, it is believed there will probably be some opposition to the amendment among Idaho Republi cans, although a maiority of the leg islators would probably give the measure their support. May Change Land Board. Reorganization of the state land department under a commission form has been spoken of as a meas ure which will have The backing of the administration. Authority un der the plans which are said to he under consideration would be con centrated in the commission, which would consist of three members. Each of the members would have charge of a single branch, but all would determine general policies. Other theories will probably he pre sented when the suhiect Is taken up. as considerable interest Is being shown, particularly in the south east, where disputes over auctions of public lands have left the citizens bitted towards the present system which may be controlled by politi cal considerations in many cases. Take Game Out of Politics. With this wave of suggested re form has come also a suggestion that the game department be recognized along similar lines. A bi-partisan commission, which would select the game warden is one of the sugges tions which has been made, aiming at the present tendency to make of the position a political lieutenancy for the benefit of the governor. For the first time in many years indications are that there will be only one or two county division fights, if any, to come before the legislature. As many as five count ies have been created at sessions heretofore, and at present there are forty-one. May Divide Owyhee County. Division of Owyhee County by consolidation of part of the north end with the south end of Canyon County, to include Nampa, has been suggested by some of the citizens of Murphy, who were disappointed in losing in a fight at the last election to remove the county seat from Sil ver City to Murphy. As the result of a similar situa tion in Valley County, citizens of McCall may sponsor a plan to an nex part of Idaho county, so that McCall would have the support of a majority of the voters in the coun ty in a county seat fight five years from now, according to surmises made by visitors to the McCall sec tion. For Educational Changes. Few recommendations will be made as to educational legislation, it has been learned, the policy of the department of education being to work along conservative lines. No further effort will probably be made for abolishment of the office of state superintendent in view of the loss of an amendment for this purpose at the last election. As the object of the amendment was to pre vent duplication of authority as be tween the office of superintendent and the commissioner of education, a law to more clearly define the du ties of these officers may be pre sented. Appropriations for the education al institutions, in view of the high er costs of operation than in form er years, will lively he higher than heretofore, it is believed. Extension of the farm market b" reau's operations so that il will have a more direct relation to the markc' ing of farm products is said to l e one of the new admi'-istraloion's ideals in its pro'"—m for f'Hhe' - legislation. CouplH wilh "'is Gov ernor-elect, D. W. Davis has let i' be known that he is in favor of bond ed warehouses as a ?nenn«; of bet ter protecting the farmers' interests State Highway Tax. Instead of bonds the administra tion will he romnellprl to authorize a state highway fax or some olher means of providing highway funds for the coming bi-ennium, as the state has already reached the $2,000. 000 bonding limit, imposed by the constitution. An amendment to ren der more flexible the state's ability to expand to meet increasing costs was lost at the lost election. It pro posed basing the state's indebted 1 TIRES FIXED AND TIRE TROUBLE STOPPED WE MEND YOUR TIRES. WE MAKE A BUSINESS OF IT. WE DO IT BY VULCANIZING. WE MAKE THEM LIKE NEW. When a casing gets a hole in ilt, no matter how small, it makes a weak place there, and the heavy strain, the natural squirming of the tube and tire, throw more expansion on the weak spot until it bursts out larger, ruining tire and tube both. The thing to do is to have it vulcanized early and prevent the heavier loss. Keep the strain evenly distributed around the circle and preserve its strength. Pvtting in boots is unsatisfactory and expensive, for in the natural squirming it bursts the tube. Bring in your tires now and have them fixed to tide you over the period of high cost of new ones. s up 1 * BARKER & STEVENSON WEST BRIDEG ST. OLD RED BARN SITE >3 Bit of Franc : and French By Mrs. Byrd Trego. Fremont Kutnewsky writes this entertaining bit of his life at Saumerl France, where he is attending J school of artillery. Saumer is calleJ Somer and a distance from any ol the battle fronts. Free wrote thil especially for our France and FrencB column, which was good of him. g! know you will enjoy it: "I love to visit with the French 'en famille,' as a part of the family. They are such a cozy and intimate folk when you really break thru their safety first lines of reserve. So much, much, much more entertaining than any of the Anglo Saxon or Teutonic race. They are dramatists in every day affairs. It is as good as a theatre to see them amusing each other, joking, relating incidents, say ing sharp things about others and each other, acting various roles. Sometimes they will take turns sing ing a song. On entering a restaurant you are supposed to say 'boujour' to every body at a sweep and they give back the same. When you leave it Is the same, if afternoon, 'bon soir' (boh (n)swahr.) I attend the restaurant du Lion d Or. I am friends with the two women in charge. Whenever I enter or depart it means a hand-shaking bee. Oh, I forgot to say, if yon know any persons at the table as you enter, you go to them and grasp hands. They don't shake as we do. It's a hand clasp. And they don't try to show you what power they have developed in the wrist either. "Wlell, evenings there comes an elder daughter of one proprietress. She sharpens knives or just visits. I usually have cigarettes. All smoke, even younger sister aged about fif teen. But they won't let little Ro bert smoke. He's only seven or eight. He probably confines his smoking to some nook behind the garden wall. Sometimes I play young Robert's fiddle and all join in when I strike a French popular tune. Of course, I have my vin blanc. (Father says not to drink too much of 'that French wine.") Why, in America they don't know what wine is. I think when one makes himself drunk on it he uses his imagination and stretches his stomach. It will make the head to spin slightly. No harm in that. There is no such effect as 'grogginess' to be got from any or dinaary consumption of French wines. They think over here that whisky is too strong for anything but medicine. " 'Vin blanc is hard to pronounce and has two million American pro nounciations besides the French, which is the proper one. But all get results in any cafe in the land, so why worry? It goes something like this: van (n), soft sound of a, blah, last a sounded as in arm, quickly spoken. Many soldiers habitually order red wine for no other reason than its greater ease of tipping off the American tongue. They say it like this; vin roozh or vin rouge. "I am enclosing a letter from my little girl at Gardiguan, because I want to be sure to preserve it. When 1 come home I shall translate it for you. It Is a fine expression of the French good will for the Americans. "A most Merry Christmas to Sagehurst. Sincerely, FREMONT." -♦ RETURNED TO SCHOOL Lewis Stevens left Friday for Mos cow, where he will resume his studies at the university. He has been spending the holi days at the home of his parents Mayor and Mrs. a.. B. Stevens. ness on the assessed valuation, lim iting obligations to IVj per cent ol the valuation. Whether or y not an other such an amendment will be offered in solution of the problem ol increasing the state's ability to bond has not been indicated in any of the political gossip.