Newspaper Page Text
(Continued front pace one) xrant the raise. The hostility to the roads kept them from borrowing money necessary to make improve ments, and when the war came on we were suffering from insufficient rail road facilities and bad management of what we had. We were spending enough money on them to have good wages for employees,' and good ser vice and good equipment, but we were wasting much money. The same can be said of our county roads and road management, but not many people are yet able to see the remedy. Railroads Were Losing the War One year ago our factories were running at full capacity, and the . railroads were choked with raw ma terials seeking transit to factories and with war materials seeking tran sit to tidewater. Ships were loaded for French and Italian ports, and the allies everywhere were shouting for war materials to .hold back the Hun. In America we were choked with everything they were dying for across the seas, and the two things that stood most in the way of relief were coal and transportation. If trans portation could be had, coal could l e supplied, so it all depended on rail Toad operation. Strong Minds at the Helm Then came the heatless days, when the administration at Washington moved heaven and earth to get coal thru to the ships, to furnish energy to push them across the seas and break the blockade in our own coun. try, a blockade that was fast winning the war for the Huns. During the heatless week we coaled forty ships a day, and sent them overseas with supplies that saved the allies, and every hour of every day and night, official Washington was being swamped with telegrams and peti tions to change the program and let the people have coal whether ships were coaled or not. If the well meaning people who sent those pro tests to Washington had bad their way, we should have been paying tri bute to the Huns now or paying an awful penalty for the lack of nerve in putting thru the surgical opera tion necessary to save our business and industrial body. But the wishy washy people with two by four ideas were ignored and forced to submit to the necessary surgery, just as a lot of wishy-washy people in our own 'county need to be enlightened to •overcome their two by four ideas, or to be ignored in the big surgical op eratlen necessary to put our roads and road management on a proper basis. Enacting a Great Dnuna But when the ships were coaled and started across the seas, there still remained a* .congested AaO 'Ulfm °h ir he tt/fif was bound to cnoKe. everything again unless a _ x«taedy was applied, and applied quickly. Probably -not more than a hundred people In every million un derstood the situation, and conse quently they did not learn any lesson from the great railroad drama that was being enacted. Every Good Act a Grime Every separate railroad company had been working for fifty years to get a direct line into Chicago and from there to every other large city, and to the coast ports. Everything was choked with traffic, and if thb government wanted to rush ship ments of munitions thru to tide water, every siding and every main line and every set of yards In every city along the way was obstructed with traffic. If the government had a thousand cars of shelled corn and baled hay at Missouri river points and wanted to get them across to France to keep its horses and mules alive behind the lines, there was no railroad that could rush it thru to the ships. If a trainload of such goods got into a big city it was hard to get it oat, and there was delay. If they tried to send it straight east, it would be slowed down by the tedious climbing of the crooked roads winding over and among the moun tains of Kentucky, Tennessee, West Virginia and /the coal and iron re gions where all lines were choked with traffic. If they tried to bill such shipments over lines that would avoid the cities and the hilly country, competitive lines would block the plan, and umjer the laws, the prison cell awaited the men who gave the orders to violate the mandates of statutes to prevent combinations. The winning of the war depended on swift transportation in America, and America's laws against combinations of capital were preventing It. There were laws against every good act needed In railroad management. Government Control of Railroads In thlp extremity the government "took charge of the railroads, and William G. McAdoo, secretary of the treasury was made director general of the roads. He called to his aid some of the ablest railroad men of the country to serve with him, and they violated all the anti-trust laws relating to railroad operation, but they got servee and not only loaded all our own ships but several times as many ships sailing under the English flag with American cargoes —cargoes that won the war. This is How They Did It If they had a trainload of shelled corn down In Kansas that they wanted to feed to mules in Picardy right quick, they billed that train out across the prairie states to keep it on the straightest lines they could and yet keep it on even grades and away from large cities. They would keep It clear Ox the hills of Kentucky and Tennessee; clear of the coke and coal and Iron mines of West Virginia and Pennsyt vanin; dear of Chicago and Cleveland and Cincinnati with their congested yards, dear of the straight, level roads of the southern side of Lake Brie that were bussing with a whirlwind of swift trains lfi both directions, but they would bill it across Canada and take the long, straight, levd Canadian roads on the north side of the lake, and woes it back Into the United States farther down along the lakes or on the St. J. in Lawrence. They would send it ever any road they wanted to, without re gard to who owned it or what the laws required. They would only stop that corn to. change crews and en <inee, and to get coal, water and oil. All the rest ot the time is was headed for Picardy via some seaports. / Monumental Economies If they wanted to ship troops or materials from Southern California east over the Southern Pacific and up thru the states and across the old Hannibal bridge or any other old toll bridge and then into Canada and back into New York via Buffalo, they d.d not consult the officers of the Southern Pacific to see if they would let them leave their lines and take the Texas-Pacific cut-off toward St. Louis and save going around 800 miles farther via San Antonio and i<t. Worth as all traffic had been com pelled to do; or be tied up in a jam at Detroit just because they were not allowed to use the tunnel under the Detroit r^ver—they cut red tape and ignored the interstate commerce commission and the fool laws we had enacted and put the trains thru to destination and did it quickly. In a period of sixty days Mley re-routed 9000 freight cars in a way to save one and three-quarter million miles of travel for the cars. Annulling Useless Trains Last winter our morning papers told us about the government cutting off forty passenger trains in a day; then 150 trains, then 200 trains in a day, but it took us a good while to find out the details, so we could realize the vast saving and improve ment. Here are some examples; Squadrons of Passenger Trains There were six competitive roads operating passenger trains between Chicago and the twin cities, St. Paul and Minneapolis, each of these six roads was trying to operate a finer set of trains than the others. Each tried to have its trains leave those cities at the hours when most people wanted to go. Each had a hard time to get enough passengers for its trains, and each spent much money and energy to attract people to its line. Each maintained its up-town offices and its vast system of adver tising and solicitors. They sent out their six palatial trains at seven in the evening, at nine in the evening, •at midnight, and at seven and nine in the morning and at noon. Six other finely equipped vestbuled pas senger trains with rubber-coated platforms and all Pullman coaches pulled out the same hour for St. Louis; six others for Kansas City; six for Omaha; Cincinnati; three for Columbus; Souix City trains partly loaded wh§n. h^f as many^^wojij/ " u Yve ' been ® n ?. u £fV On such useless duplica tions as these the government used the pruning knife. six for six for New York; three for whole squadrons of Dismissing Unnecessary Help While they were cutting out use less miles of travel for trains and taking off useless trains, they were also cutting out useless managers and an infinite number of workers. They cut out 400 officials who had been drawing salaries averaging $15,000 a year each, and got better service than before. Each of these men had been working faithfully, but he had been doing useless work. It was necessary to have that work done to satisfy the law—not be cause there was any other necessity. It was a part of our fool program of legislating against the railroads and against the big combinations of capital. We would not let them combine, even for our own benefit or to win the war. We preferred to prosecute them. Greater Results With Less Equip ment As the year 1918 progressed, the railroads were simplified and im proved in management so that there was little or no congestion of traffic. Freight would cross the continent in from twenty to thirty days. We could get freight from New York to Idaho in less time than we used to get it from Chicago. We have no car famine to speak of. Our potato crop is two-thirds moved, while last year we had most of it on hand at this time. Our coal famine disappeared and dealers have coal piled in the yards. There has been some delay in handling sheep and wheat, but the congestion has been due more to other things than the railroad?. Apply it to Our County Roads Up to the time the government took over the railroads, there were forty-eight states, the federal govern ment and the Interstate commerce commission telling the railroads what they must not do. Unified management and a total disregard of old practices brought the present happy relief. In Bingham county we have twenty-one road districts and supervisors, a county surveyor, a county board and the state highway commission to tell us how to make roads. Our roads and our road building are a monumental blunder and handicap, comparable to the rail roads of a year ago, and the remedy lies in surgical operations that will cut us loose from the old practices from which we suffer. In the next article I will tell how to proceed to apply the remedy and get relief. CHIEF OF RAIL WAY CORPS RETURNS NEW YORK, Jan. 1.—Colonel W. J. Wilgus, creator of one of the greatest railroad transportation or ganizations In the world—that of the American expeditionary forces In France—returned to America today, arriving on the French steamship Espagne. Since May, 1917 he has headed the American railroad trans portation corps, with headquarters in Paris and x ours, receiving and dis patching troops and supplies and sup erintending the American-built port, Bassens, on the river Gironde. "We were handling 35,000 tons of material a day when the. armistice was signed," said Colonel Wilgus, once a vice president of the New York Central railroad.* This was an average of .1,000,000 tons a month." he wae talking about, speak big ot conditions la a southern Idaho town a few years ago said: "We've got & 8U * ttr factory and no sugar; we have a bank and no money; we've got a hotel and no patrons; got a sawmill and no logs; we've a brewery and no beer; we've got A Man Who Knew we've i farms and no crops. AH we try to raise is the price of land." 9 while he was talking he might as well have gone on and analyized the road situation in Bingham county so we could quote him in that too. This would be about his speel; "We have roads that are aviators; grades that are high-flyers; culverts that are jumping-jacks; bridges that are stop signals and overseers that are war rantees. All that we have been try ing to raise is taxes and hades." ♦ ALL EX-KAISER'S LETTERS BURNED PARIS, Jan. 1.—All the corre spondence of the former German em peror which was kept at Potsdam has been burned, as well as a number of documents dealing with internal questions, according to a statement made to a correspondent of the Matin by Carl Kautsky, who is preparing a white book dealing with the origin of the war. Kautsky said the book would con tain all 'diplomatic documents bear ing on the war from the assassina tion of Francis Ferdinand to the in vasion of Belgium. It would be in three or four volumes and the first volume would appear within fifteen days. The book will contain many papers annotated in pencil in the handwriting of the former emperor. Kautsky said that not one paper was missing from the foreign office. Kautsky would not say who, in his opinion, appeared to be most com promised. of IDAHO OASUALITIES January, s Wounded! degree undetermined) —Marion Adams, Buhl, Idaho. Slightly wounded—Vernle H. Mun yon, Filer, Idaho; Fredrick E. Stot ler, Boise, Idaho; Walter Fransen, Arlmo, Idaho. January 0 Killed in action—Frank Schwartz, Lemhi, Idaho. Died of wounds—Roscoe E. Lolley, Weiser, Idaho. Died of accident—William J. Bryant, Coeur d'Alene, Idaho. Wounded severely—Ullsse Pardinl, Rlrie, Idaho. ♦ ENTERTAINED AT DINNER Mr. and Mrs. W. J. Wallace en tertained a number of their friends at a New Years dinner. The follow ing guests were present: J. W. Wright of Kansas City, Mr. and Mrs. R. W Rivette, Miss Rae Rivette, R. W. Rivette Jr. and J. Jirsa of Idaho Falls. ♦ RETLiunED TO SCHOOL Sidney Parkinson and sister Miss Norma left here - xiday morning for Salt Lake, where they are attending school at the university. They spent the holidays here with relatives and friends. ♦ Mrs. Dave Smith is spending a few days in Burley with her folks. COMMUNITY LABOR BOARD AT WORK ORGANIZING TO GET JOBS FOR RETURNING SOLDIERS Canvass of employing firms at Blackfoot shows only five firms who ex pect to employ more people soon, and seven who hope to Increase their force later. In the table, the dash Indicates that there is no information on the item. The cipher means none. Cnt out the table and save it for re ference for the returning soldier. ►t H VI in S 2 20 20 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Yes 0 0 0 Name / Austin Bro. association Beebe C. S. Berryman's Hardware . Blackfoot City Bank ... Blackfoot Elevator Co. Blackfoot Mercantile company.. 2 Blackfoot Potato association .... Bills R. G... Boise-Payette Lumber company Boyd M. E. S oyle James M. oyle Hardware company . Bingham County News ... t Brown-Eldridge Furniture company 1 BrownHart company . 0 Bumgarner C. A. Clegg L. R. Davis W. W. Dickinson A. S. Estensen J. E. Idaho Power company Lyon B. H. Morgan and x.arclay .... O. S. L. Railroad. Parkinson F. C. Pearson company. Powers Pharmacy . Rowles-Mack company Ryan-Cash Store . Standrod Co. D. Wi. .... Smith Bakery .. Studebaker Brothers .... Sung Cafe.... Walburn G. W„ olgar and Billards White L. B.*.... Telephone and Telegraph company Trego Byrd . Post Office... Henesh Loo ... Knowlden W. F. .. 0 0 1 1 0 0 1 1 0 0 1 0 3 2 2 4 0 2 2 0 0 2 6 6 4 3 Yes 2 2 3 8 0 0 0 0 Yes Yes No No No No 0 0 0 0 0 • 0 0 0 6 6 12 11 1 1 No 5 4 0 1 1 2 5 5 3 3 0 1 1 0 0 12 4 1 6 0 0 6 2 4 1 1 6 1 5 0 0 0 2 6 7 0 ? 1 3 1 0 0 0 ? Yes 2 0 2 0 0 0 0 2 4 7 4 11 7 Yes Yes No No 0 0 0 0 Yes Yes 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 2 1 1 3 3 0 1 1 1 ' 5 1 0 3 __ 3 3 12 12 1 1 1 No 15 19 1 3 1 5 1 5 0 0 7 7 0 0 3 3 1 2 0 Yes 0 0 6 1 5 e 6 o o 0 0 3 3 4 5 1 1 1 11 10 0 1 s 0 0 1 Yes 0 1 0 0 0 Yes 1 Yes 2 1 4 4 2 2 0 0 1 2 1 0 0 6 6 0 0 1 1 2 1 0 0 2 4 3 1 1 0 0 4 S 12 13 0 6 2 2 3 2 4 0 0 1 1 11 11 0 1 - * 3 — — - 4 2 4 — 1 No 1 1 1 Influenza Patients Recovering by Degrees is Still Raging Where Quarantine is Maintained; Broke out at Places Where Ban Was lifted The epidemic has taken a new start in Boise nad St. Anthony, where they lifted the ban. It has taken a new start also in places where they kept the lid down tight. Mackay kept up a quarantine and Mackay is full of flu. At the Brown-Hart company, Thomas Dahman is back at work, but is very weak. Mrs. Dahman is past the critical stage. Miss Mabel Mol den is back on the job after having the flu. J. H. Early is in the office part of the time, after having acted as cook, nurse, chamber-maid and janitor at the Early home for a fortnight. Mrs. Early and their daughter, Mrs. Conlin had a hard seige of the flu, but are about well now. The Henry Dunn family have com pletely recovered from the flu. Miss Milbery Pew went to Poca tello to visit with her parents and has contracted the disease the second time. She is now suffering severely bit it is hoped she will soon be able to resume her duties at the Black foot Racket store. Julius H. Jacobson has almost fully recovered from the flu and will resume his work ta his office Tues day. ♦ COMFORT BAGS PLEASE ALL Nothing Given Out by the Red Cross Is More Appreciated by the Soldiers on Service. a The following is iin extract from a letter of a Red Cross hospital repre sentative : "The men like the comfort kits bet ter than anything the Red Cross gives them. We have asked dozens of them what they like best of all that Is given them—tobacco. mngazines, amuse ments, etc.—and they all say at once the comfort kits and toilet articles. They come In from the front without even a toothbrush, and when I send the bags around by the other patients, they come hack and say: oughter see how pleased those were—they said It was Just like Christ mas. They were all sitting up In bed looking at the things In their bags.' "The other day one man who had lost his right hand, called me over to him and said: 'Here. I'll donate my sewing-kit. My wife has got to do ffllft*'ffKt«r (.his. I'm out of It. Yog can give this to some other fellow wno needs It.' 'Sny, you guys He had heard the others asking for sewing-kits all down the ward. They are In great demand and very hard to get." Gift From French Republic. Three phrases from' President Wil son's war messages will be woven In a costly Gobelin tapestry France Is having made as a gift to the city of Philadelphia. The tapestry Is to be hung In the museum In the Quaker city and Is about to be placed In the hands of the workers at the famous Gobelin factory for completion, according to an exchange. The tapestry will be 21 feet by 15 feet. It will be full of life and color and will have an atmosphere of thuslasm and patriotism In portray ing troops departlflg from Philadelphia for Europe to participate In the war of justice. Below are three panels containing these phrases from President Wilson's messages: "Right Is more precious than peace." "We have ho selfish end to serve and desire no conquest and no domina tion." "We shall fight for democracy." on ♦ Raymond LaCour was a Pocatello visitor one day last week. Our 1919 Grocery Prices Following our promise to keep the public in formed of our grocery prices from time to time in 1919, we take pleasure in announcing the follow** ing prices effective this week: SUGAR CURED MEATS Armour's; hams per pound .40c No. 7 box macaroni .. Armour's or Swifts' picnic per i D . pound ..... ...27c Packa * e macaroni .. Dry salt bacon per pound .....'.....,35c. Cream cheese per pound .. SHORTENING Young American cheese per No. 10 White Cloud ...$2.65 pound .. 5 pound net White cloud ....,...,.$1.76 50 pound block salt No po ;r*„ w ^.. < : 1 r .. 100 •— «•* — No. 5 Chefo .$1*35 9 pound bag rolled oats .. No. 3 Chefo ....80c 10 pound bag corn meal .... 8 pound net Snowdrift ..$2.65 xO pound bag hominy grits 4 pound net Snowdrift .$1.36 o __ 2 pound net Snowdrift .*..75c ? p d *** graham flour.<5e cargo Crlsco .$2.15 9 pound bag germade Medium Crisco .!...!..""$r!l0 9 pound bag Firth pancake flour 65c Small Crisco...65c Sweet cider per gallon Medium Cottolene . $1.30 pound dark Karo ... Small Cottolene .......65c Ploneer minced clams, flat 2 for 35c 1 quart Mazola Oil .76c Pioneer minced clams, tall % gallon Mazola Oil.$1.45 8 ounce oysters per can. 1 gallon Mazola Oil. $2.79 a * .4 ounce oysters per can ... 1 pound tall pink Salmon per can 20c 10c Vi pound flat red Salmon per can 15c Campbells or Veribest soups 2 " MISCELLANEOUS 86c 10c ,40c .40c ...,58c 85o 85c ,75c 90c 65c 60c 95c i ....20c 30c 15c 4 Palmolive per bar . Creme Oil, 3 bars for . Peet's bath tablets 3 for . Peet's special toilet soap ... Ivory soap 3 bars for . Fairy soap 3 bars for. Lux washing powder 2 for Large package savex . Borax washing compound . Lighthouse cleanser .,. ,25c 25c for .25c *. ,5c Walker's chilli con came 2 cans 25c for ......25c ,25c ,25c Libby's Chilli Con Carne per can 15c Goehorts Chilli Con Carne per can 25c 5c ..18c .5c 2% gallon pickles per keg We carry a full line of McDonald's 12 chocolate and cocoa. Prices range from ••••IB® i % pound Hershey's cocoa per can 23o $155 1 1 P° und Hershey's cocoa per can 45c 33^75 ' Runkle's cocoa 2 cans for $1.30 Baker's cocoa per can _.. i • $1.15 DRIED FRUITS 15 ounce seeded rasins per pack age 15 ounce seedless raisins per pack age' . 25 pound box prunes 10 pound box peaches 25 pound box peaches 5 pounds appricots . 10 to 50c per can 25c ,25c Don't forget that we always have that good Old Master Coffee. «< » The coffee that needs no advertising. If you have never used "Old Master Coffee" try a can and know what a real cup of cof fee is. The prices just quoted are our regular prices. Shoes' United Stores BLEND FAR FROM COMPLETE Rep or t Finds Descendants of First American Families Little Affected by the Melting Pet Througfi an extensive study of mem bers of some of the oldest American families, America as tbe "melting pot of the nations" proves to be but a con venient expression for writers and ora tors—merely a picture drawn by those wbo do not trouble themselves bbout the precision of their figures of speech, a myth without foundation of fact For four years Dr. Ales Hrdllcka, a curator of the division of physical an thropology of the United States Na tional museum, has had under way an Investigation of the blending of the va rious types of humanity In America, which, though not yet fully completed, has resulted Ip the Inevitable conclu sion that the force of heredity Is too strong to be radically altered In a cen tury or two and that we must wait centuries longer to find a type which will Justify the statement that Ameri ca Is In reality a "melting pot" of the nations. Doctor Hrdllcka finds that even the first material that went Into the "pot" has not melted yet Several hundred members of the old white American stock have been meas ured most carefully and examined In many ways to find if tbe people mak ing np this stock are tending to be come alike—if a new subtype of the hmhan race is being formed here in America with intermarriage, environ ment and under the preqsure of out ward circumstances. Doctor Hrdllcka finds definitely that as yet such is not the case. His Investigation shows that the descendants of the Pilgrim fathers, the Virginia cavaliers, the Pennsylva nia Dutch and the Huguenots, while poasibly not as much aUke as their an cestors probably were, are still far from a real blend.—Philadelphia Bee ord. Literally. "Did you see where a big bombing plane to show Its capacity carried a piano from Paris to London?" "Well, that was music in the air." GIRLS WANTED Girls wanted to handpick peas Paid on piece work basis Good wages Communicate with us if interested The Everett B. Clark Seed Co. St Anthony Idaho LIKE NOSTRUMS OF PACIFISTS African King's Advloe About as Help ful at the Vaporings of So-Called "Lovers of Peace." Senator Smith said In a Y. M. CL A. address in Washington: "Germany must be crushed. Peace, otherwise, will behold tbe world drill ing and arming for another and more terrible war. An Inconclusive peace would make things worse Instead of better. "When a pacifist offers me his nos trums, I tell him that bis advice is worse than the African king's. "A missionary once visited an Afri can king. The king was weU pleased with the yonng man and ordered that 000 of the most beautiful maidens In his kingdom be brought before him. "When the maidens—a very fine lot Indeed—were gathered together, the king presented them to the missionary. " 'These 500 girls,' he said, 'are tbe flower of my kingdom. Choose a wife from among them.' "The missionary, very much embar rassed, answered: "'Ob, yonr majesty, If I took one, think how Jealons the other 490 would her " That said the king, Is easily rem edied. Take all.'" Lookouts Develop New Disease.' "Eye work is perhaps thp' biggest part of submarine hunting," writes William G. Shepherd In Everybody's, "and It has Its euls and penalties. Woe to the man ph a destroyer who Is gifted'With that strange, unexplain able talent of being able to see by night. There be such. His is almost a 24-hour-a-day task. And he finally gets the 'periscope eye' and Is sent ashore to get well, If he can. His eyes weep tears of pns by day and, after sleep, his lids are glued together with granulation. It Is a new disease of this mad century. "Ton keep looking through those high-powered binoculars like an old lady reading through her spectacles, one of the boys explained to m&. 'until finally they seem to be pulling your eyes out of their sockets."