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OFFICIAL PAPER OF CITY AND COUNTY Vol. XV. No. 26 BLACKFOOT, BINGHAM COUNTY, IDAHO, FRIDAY, JANUARY 10, 1919 $3 a Year EX-PRESIDENT THEO. ROOSEVELT LOSES FIGHT WITH GRIM REAPER Great American States man Passes Away While Sleeping Death Due to an Attack of Rheu matism and Sciatica With Which Colonel Roosevelt was Taken 111 on New Years' Day Oyster Bay, N. Y.—Colonel Theodore •t Roosevelt died early Monday morning, January 6, at his home on Sagamore Hill In this village. Death was due to an attack of rheumatism and sciatica, with which Colonel Roosevelt taken 111 on New Year's day. Colonel Roosevelt sat up most of Sunday and retired at 11 o'clock Sun day night. About 4 a. m., Mrs. Roose velt, who was the only member of the family at Oyster Bay, went to her hus band's room and found that he had died during the night. Mrs. Roosevelt telephoned to Colonel Emlen Roosevelt, cousin of the former prtsldent, and he went to the Roose velt home Immediately, were dispatched to the colonel's chil dren, who were In other parts of the country. Two of the colonel's sons. Lieutenant Colonel Theodore Roose was Telegrams velt, Jr., and Captain Kermit Roose velt, are in service abroad. Captain Archie Roosevelt and his wife left New York at once for Boston, where the capltaln's father-in-law is ill. Ethel Derby and her two children were In Altken, S. C. Theodore Roosevelt, Mrs. twenty-sixth president of the United States, was born in New York City on October 27, 1858. Although born in New York, Mr. Roosevelt spent much of his boyhood at Oyster Bay, the country home of his father, on Long Island Sound, where he began, with a distinct purpose, un usual among boys of his age, to build up a naturally frail physique by row ing and swimming in the waters of Long Island, and by rjding over the hills and' tramping through the woods of Long Island, This plan of outdoor life had been kept up by Colo nel Roosevelt all his life. Mr. Roosevelt was educated at Har vard university, where he graduated in the class of 1880. Returning to New York, he studied law, but later deter mined to enter politics, and in 1881 was elected to the New York legisla ture, being elected again in 1882 and 1883. In 1884 he Was delegate to the Re publican convention In Chicago, which nominated James G. Blaine for presi dent, at which convention he opposed the nomination of Mr. Blaine. In 1886 he was the Republican candidate for Mayor of New York, but was defeated. In April, 1889, on the accession to the presidency of Benjamin Harrison, 'Mr. Roosevelt was appointed a member of the United States civil service com mission, serving six years in this of fice. In 1895 he resigned from the civil service commission and became president of the board of police com FARM BUREAU ANNOUNCEMENTS A meeting of the beet growers will be held at the Isis theatre on Satur day, Jan. 11 at 2.30 to consider /nat ters pertaining to the terms of beet contracts for the year 1919. All growers are urged to be present. A delegate will be selected to attend the meeting to be held at Twin Falls during the farmers' convention Jan. 13 to 16. Get Yon Some Shorthorns Ch Saturday afternoon at 1.45 a meeting will be held of the persons desiring to buy purebred Shorthorn cattle for breeding. Assemble at the offloe ot the farm bureau at 1.45 Orpheum Theatre / FRIDAY—SATURDAY Mary Pickford in JOHANNA ENLISTS u Sunshine Comedy Send the kiddies to the Saturday Mat inee 2.30 missloners of the city of New York. After a strenuous two years In this of fice, he was appointed by President McKinley in 1897 assistant secretary of the navy. At the outbreak of the war with Spain, Colonel Roosevelt resigned from the navy department and raised the first volunteer regiment of cav alry, popularly known as the Rough Riders, because many of its members were western cowboys, and many for mer companions of Colonel Roosevelt's during the days he had resided in the west in his earlier youth. Dr. Leonard Wood, now Major Gen eral Wood, became colonel of the Rough Riders, with Rooveselt second In command. On July 8, following the surrender of the Spaniards at San tiago, Wood was promoted to brigadier general and Roosevelt was made colo nel. On his return to New York he was nominated for governor of New York agaipst the wishes of the "machine" Republicans and was elected with a plurality of 17,786. He desired to serve a second term, but Republican leaders of the state joined with west ern delegates In forcing upon him the vice presidency (June 21, 1900.) With McKinley as president, he assumed his duties March 4, 1901. Roosevelt's remarkable terms as president began when he assumed the office after the assassination of Mc Kinley at Buffalo. Until he retired from the presidency at the succession Of William H. Taft, Roosevelt headed the administration during some of the most eventful times in American his tory. Roosevelt's policies, his fearless aggression In securing enactment of laws which he deemed necessary for the proper government of the nation and his great personal magnetism, combined to make his administration one of the most popular in the history of the country. For bringing about peace between Russia and Japan, offering the hospi tality of the United States to the bel ligerents for concluding peace, Roose velt was awarded the Nobel peace prize. He was one of the foremost champions of the cause of military preparedness and brought about many reforms, urging others which were startling' and caused world-wide com ment; combatting the trusts and se curing the enactment of anti-trust leg islation. His administration of mili tary affairs was marked by the devel opment of officers whose leadership was felt in later crises—among them Pershing, Wood, Bliss and Funston. The stormiest hours of Roosevelt's political career occurred at the Re publican national convention at Chi cago in 1912, when Roosevelt, heading a band of insurgents, withdrew from the convention which nominated Will iam H. Taft for a second term, and formed the Progressive party, which was popularly known during the cam paign as the "Bull Moose" party. The ticket was headed by Colonel Roose velt and Hiram Johnson of Califor nla. sharp. This will be for the purpose of listing the persons wishing to buy, and for carrying out the plans sug gested by the state' university man agement exlained elsewhere in this Issue over the signatures of univer sity expert, and referred to in the large advertisement entitled, "Joint Conference," signed by L. T. Wright. Farm Bureau Meeting The executive board of the farm bufe&u meets at the bureau office at 1.30 Saturday to clean up the month's business. Mr. and Mrs. Fred Murphey pf Po catello were the guests ot Mrs. Stella Ryan. >5^ <% mmm a ■ it -.r * : ' ■ *■ " KM w m I m M; V T t W < m ;< * mas SS M • ;; m ■■ ■ v < I / | i? m M m H mm spi; m i ■ m m MR it: i: ■■ I aW :,:n - " m ■ m : m & Hi m -y m mmm m THEODORE ROOSEVELT Eg General Synopsis of Governor's Message Enumerate Plans in Fourteen Para graphs, Among other Things Desires Better Roads Favors organization of the state council of defense as a permanent body, officially recognized, to be called into action and dismissed by the governor as emergencies arise and subside. Advocates permanent memorial for Idaho soldiers and insists on employ ment for returning soldiers. Urges that only English be spoken in public assemblages and taught ex clusively In the grade schools. Asks ratification of the national prohibition amendment and favors national equal suffrage. Advise i a wise and constructive policy of employment and state and community development in highway work, building, reclamation, etc. Asks co-operation with the federal government in education, agricul ture, roads nd water measurements. Urges completion of the capitol building and asks Boise to proceed, in that event, with program to make its surroundings a civic center. Points oul (hat there Is no bud get-making machinery at present and ggests that study and preparation ot budgets be made the duty of some official responsible to the governdrT su \ / In the next few years I would lay hundreds of miles of hard surfaced roadbed. I would arrange for the distribution of road materials, coal and beet pulp on freight to the cars • mm* «y EDITOR SUGGESTS Chapter V I want to see this county devote a large amount of energy to the con struction of hard surfaced roads within the next five years, beginning right away. This will mean the ex penditure of a large amount of money each year. If I were to name the amount of money that would be required each year I should put it at half a million dollars. There are three ways to raise money for public Improvements. One way Is by direct taxation to pay the expenses as the money is expended. Another way is to sell bonds, and then pay off the bondB by heavy taxa tion covering a period of several years. Still another way is to issue bonds payable in ten, twenty, or forty years. In this state the law re quires that road bonds must be paid within twenty years, the purpose be ing to require the debt to be paid by the same generation that creates the indebtedness. Bonded Indebtedness always means the payment of large sums in interest. Bonds that ran for fifteen or twenty years require as much money to? interest as for the payment of the principal and many Recommends reorganization of the land board and the fish and game department; a better system of ac counting for departmental fees; con solidation of departments to avoid duplication of effort and lack of co ordination, and urges that responsi bility be strictly fixed. • Favors organization of state con stabulray; increase in membership of the supreme court. Favors the short ballot. Urges that the powers of the gov ernor be increased to harmonize with the responsibilities. Favors adoption for Idaho of national departmental plan and application of modern busi ness methods. Urges that the bureau of farm markets be made of practical bene fit to the farmers, especially as to marketing conditions. Recommends rehabilitation of the department of Immigration and labor; urges that present schedule of compensation for work-men be In creased in some cases. + SOLD 1919 MODEL BUICK The Yellowstone Motor company sold a new 1919 model Buick auto mobile the first of the week to Robert Clough, who lives south of Blackfoot. ♦ FORDS ARRIVE The Bills Auto company received a large shipment of Ford cars the first of the week, forty in number. people object to paying twice for pub lic improvements, but on the other hand those same people are not us ually willing to pay cash, and exper ience has shown that when very heavy taxes are levied to pay cash for Improvements it maizes hard times and helps to bring about pan ics. Experience has also shown that bonded indebtedness covering a moderately long term of years is usually paid off so easily that the public scarcely feel It. Nations, states, counties and cities have gone so deeply Into debt that they were considered bankrupt, and by arrang ing for a series of payments cover ing a long period, they have been able to pay off the debts, and in so doing scarcely felt the hardship. Problems to be Handled With Skill Among the great problems con fronting the world now and con fronting every one of the smaller divisions of government, are the pro blems of employing all people at< something useful and especially during the period of disbanding ths armies. Another problem closely linked with that is the problem of preventing hard times and panics. The most effective way to handle Omtinusd on page eight PLANNING TO IRRIGATE VAST DRY LAND PLAINS OF SNAKE RIVER 4 Hundred Million Dollars Will be Needed to Carry on Work Local People Organize to Push Op eration of Plans... Henry's Lake Will be Used as a Huge Storage Reservoir Eighteen local people met at the Farris school house west of More land on Wednesday afternoon and assessed thfemselves $500 to start the preliminary work for Irrigating the Snake rive plains. They paid the self-imposed-'- assessment forthwith, formed an association, elected some officers, engaged an office at the county seat and went home. * Extend the Dubois Project The plan is to revive the Dubois project, have an extension to carry the water down thru Bingham county, use Henry's Lake as a stor age reservoir to impound the water, and boost their $10 per acre dry farms at once into the irrigated class worth $100 an acre. ine project has been talked of by interested parties for a good while, and Register Oarruth, of the Black foot land office has compiled consid erable data relating to it. Repre sentative Lewis Robbins has been gathering all the information he could, and is carrying on a propa ganda at the capital (>n plans of his own. Joseph Stewart, one of the large land owners of the Taber country, has been agitating the subject for some time, and Wednesday's meeting was called by Walter Hagen, who owns a large tract in Farris precinct. Mr. Hagen stated that the purpose of the meeting was to get something started that would result in federal legislation to get results. J. H. And erson, the land attorney, was present by request and gave a short talk on how to get such work to going so it would be effective. Mr. Anderson said that legislators in any body do not act upon requests for appropria tions of the people's money until they are shown the feasibility of the project, and that the first thing to be done was to employ men to gather facta as to the resources £here are to build upon. The amount of water obtainable, the amount of land till able in the proposed project, the feasibility of construction at rea sonable cost, and the returns to be expected from cultivation and irriga tion. He said that representatives in congress do not have time for such work, and it is not their place to do it. It is not the duty of the land office officials to do it, and if it is to be done, it must be done by somebody interested or someone em ployed by them. Secure Large Federal Loan For such a big project as this, it would be necessary to Introduce a measure in congress, making an ap propriation of some millions of dol lars to be used in construction, and ghich shall be repaid to the govern ment by the individual settlers whose land is benefited by it. If an ex enditure of twenty or fifty dollars an acre would put the land under irri gation and raise the value from $10 to $100, It was m&nigestly worth the investment, and when congress Is showji that there is sufficient water and sufficient land, and that con struction is feasible, such project would be entitled to a loan under the present policy of the department of the interior whose commissioner is advocating the reclamation of wild lands to furnish employment and homes for returning soldiers and for all the countless thousands who are seeking such things In the mighty adjustment of the next few years. Puts In Hundred Dollars F. A. Seeger of the Seeger-Bundlle company of Blackfoot said he had heard this project talked of long enough to put him on the anxious sent, and that if anything is going to be done It ought to be ..done now while the conditions are right. He said this locality is famous for hold ing many meetings and gab-feats over things that are desirable, and that he hoped this matter would not get Into the class of things that would be killed by that process. He said he thought that Mr. Anderson had said just about what was needed for'in formation, and that the next thing to do was to organize an association of interested people, put up money for expenses, hire somebody to work and tell him or them what to do. He said he was interested to the extent of el00 for preliminaries, and draw FOR SALE Willy8 - Knight seven - passenger car, re painted and overhauled. Will take good Ford as part payment. See E. M. Athay at Yellowstone Motor ing his check book, he wrote a cheek for that amount, asking to whom it should be made payable. Opens an Office The meeting adopted the name of the Snake River Plains Developmnt association. M. O. Monroe, county agen offered the use of an office room at the farm bureau for them to work in, and Walter Hagen, who had been made chairman of the meeting wrote his check for $50. Joseph Stewart did likewise and others followed with various amounts until there was ♦oOO on the desk. Organize Working Force An executive board consisting of F. A. Seeger, R. E. Hughes and Nor man Geyer, acting in conjunction with the president and secretary, With the addition of vice-president^, to represent other localities as they come into the work, will have direct supervision of the business. Walter nagen was elected chairman and Joseph Stewart secretary, both pro testing their inability and lack of ex perience. The secretary is to devote all his time to the work, and receives $150 a month and expenses. He be gan his work Thursday morning, at the farm bureau office, Blackfoot. Put Clerks to Work A competent person is to be em ployed to take off the information desired from the land office records, a delegation will go to Idaho Falls and Dubois to organize for work from those places, and auxiliary workers are to be enlisted in all the localities that want to get in on the work. As soon as sufficient data is gathered, two men Will be sent to Washington to remain as the permanent repre sentatives at the capital and the Du bois project with the Bingham county extension as advocated by the Snake River Development association will be placed before the commissioner of the interior and the public lands and Irrigation committees at Washington as soon as possible and pushed for all it is worth. Use Many Million Dollars The expenditure of 120 or 130 millions of dollars in construc tion work in this project will give employment to an army of men, and will give rise to market conditions for the produce of our irrigated farms to an extent that will banish all fear of glutted markets here for a few years. Every class of busi ness will feel the stimulating effects of it, and homeseekers will pour in to secure some of the fine lands. Great Increase in population and ma terial wealth will result and the great plains to the northward from Blackfoot, where dry farmers mowed wild hay in the open country in July, 1917, following the winter of big snow, will team with agriculture and commerce. Big Membership Drive In forwarding the work of organ ization for preliminaries, a member ship drive is to be organized, so that everybody In the valley can give some aid to the work, x'he member, ship fee will be purely a donation to the enterprise, and will be fixed by the executive board at not more than $5.00 nor less than $1.00, the latter being considered too small to express the Interest of the average resident of the valley possessing such tremen dous possibilities. It is expected that the preliminary work will oost ten or flrteen thousand dollars, and the follow-up work many times that much. The Charter Members Following is a list of the names and amounts of the donors who made up the purse at Wednesday's meet ing: $100 F. A. Seeger . Walter Hagen . Joseph Stewart . J. H. Anderson . M. O. Monroe . N. P. Geyer . R. E Hughes. J. A. Sova . A. F. Willicke . C. P. Paling . L. I. Davis. n. E. Sova . Byrd Trego . M. H. Marshall. Chris Delzer. F. Winkler. H. A. Steffens . M. Obergafelt . Mrs. Walter Hagen Lydia Winkler . 50 50 25 25 20 20 15 30 20 20 15 20 10 10 10 15 25 10 10 Arthur Watson of Thomas left Monday afternoon for Pocatello, where he will enter the technical in stitute as a commercial student. His older brother Lester is already in at tendance at this school in the me chanical arts department.