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IDAHO NEGLIGENT OF
VAST WATER RESOURCES. That Idaho is extremely negligent in the utilisation of the vast water resources, is the indictment made by State Engineer, Fred A. Wilkie who ls here making arrangements for the irrigation congress and the meet ing of the state engineers next week in connection with the joint confer ence of numerous other Idaho socie ■ ties. Idaho's fault, according to Mr. Wilkie, lies principally in her lax laws governing the use of wa ter and a plan is to be presented to the congres*-which Mr. Wilkie be iieves, if adopted by the legislature, ■will correct these abuses. Mr. Wilkie expresses the hope that water users generally will avail themselves of this opportunity to familiarize themselves with the prac tice of other states and the provis ions and merits of the proposed legislation. Speaking of the proposed measure the state engineer said: "Probabiy the most important feature of the gathering at Twin Falls next week, will be the adoption by the Idaho irrigation congress of the new water code for the state, The new code contemplates some changes in the fundamental prin ciples of the irrigation laws of the state, and next the creation of a bu reau of water rights and irrigation, fo be presided over by a board call ed the state hydraulic board, which shall have full charge of the acquirement of water rights, and the determination of water rights for all purposes, and in a general way the development to be carried on in the state by use of its water resources. "All matters pertaining to the re claiming of lands, and the develop ment of irrigation problems here tofore granted by the land board ■will be taken over by this state hy draulic board, the expenses of the administration of which it is pro posed to have borne direct by the ■water users of the state, and pro Vision is made for the board to levy an assessment on water rights to raise the funds for its administra tion. The state of Idaho has here tofore never seemed to grasp the full extent of possibilities of devel opment by a judicious . use of the water resources of the state, and has never provided for the employment of men able to work out schemes of development and conservation on a; scale at all commensurate with the ° p P^ nity affo [ ded in this state. | "While Idaho has probably the greatest number of acres of land that can be reclaimed by irrigation and a vast supply of unused water, the S !f t fi, re r!? r * S tbe m0 ? 1 bac k w 8 rd of all the fifteen states in the recogm tion of its resources and providing legislature to utilize them. It is ex pected that the Idaho irrigation con gress at its coming session at Twin Falls, will develop such an interest in the question as will bring the at tention of our legislatures to the op portunities that are now presenting themselves, and w>( result in their passing such laws as will enable the state to start in the right direc tion in the control and administra tion of its great water resources." Fred A. Wilkie, Who Will be At Twin Falls Next Week at the Irrigation Congress, Talks. ■ ♦ DOUBLE TRAGEDY IN SOUTH BOISE. Mr. and Mrs. John W. Smith Die of Ptomaine Poisoning from Can ned Asparagus. Tragedy followed a friendly din ner party given the previous night when Mr. and Mrs. John W. Smith, colored residents of South Boise, died Wednesday afternoon from what is believed to have been ptomaine poisoning caused by can ned asparagus served at the dinner party. The guests wer quite ill Wednesday evening, but pected to recover. When Smith woke up Wednesday morning about 8 o'clock he was par tially paralyzed and unable to talk. His wife was in but little better dition, but managed to send for Dr. S- W. Forney, and to call a neigh bor from across the street. Canned Asparagus the Cause. Mrs. Smith told the doctor that the asparagus which they ate the night before had not tasted exactly right. As the symptoms pointed to ptomaine poisoning it is believed the asparagus was tbe cause. It was not learned whether the vegetable ■was home canned or bought from a store. Both of the patients continued to grow weaker and at three .o'clock the husband died, Mrs. Smith died thirty minutes later while on the way to a hospital. Smith was formerly janitor at the city hall and was well known as one of the most industrious of the city's colored citizens. Recently he had been employed as janitor of the telephone building. He and his wife had been residents of Boise several years. Their home was at Leadville and Howe streets in south Boise. Two daughters who reside in Portland are expected in Thursday night to make arrangements tbri the double funeral. A son resides at Cedar Rapids, Iowa. The bodies are at Fry and Sum mers' establishment. were ex con be JTro M to * IDAHO LEGS3LATURB . NAMES COMMITTEES. BOISE, Jan. 10.—With the appoint ment of the standing connpitt^es in thfc two houses of t|e,lfgiriature accomplished, the Fifteenth Idaho legislature is now prepared to han die the volume of business waiting to be turned into its channels. Speaker Kiger ended the days of suspense in the house today whenj he named the committees. The Re-1 publican majority announced the lection of W. L. Adamson of Blaine county as majority leader and A. McMahon of Shoshone county as "whip." Representative Storey of Ada is permanent caucus chairman and Ezra P. Monson of Franklin, is secretary. The senate has Selected SenatorLT Lloyd Adams of Madison as "whip;" Senator Ralph Nelson of Kootenai county, caucus chairman, and Sena tor I. H. Nash of Franklin, secretary. The more important committees were assigned in the house by Speaker Kiger, as folows: State affairs—Monson of Franklin, chairman; Gudmundsen of Cassia, Featherstone of Shoshone, Morgan of Washington, Bonnell of Bannock, Storey of Ada and Schroeder of Ida ho. Educational institutions—Hugo of Latah, chairman; Bourne of Ban nock, Gudmundsen of Cassia, Baird of Fremont, Carpenter of Nez Perce, Snow of Lemhi and Schroeder of Idaho. Appropriations—Weeks of Can yon, chairman; Anderson of Latah, Severson of Jefferson, Carpenter of Nez Perce, Young of Ada, Miller of Twin Falls and Hitchcock of Bon ner. Banks and Banking—Morgan of Washington, chairman; Hunt 0 f Madison. Tyer of Ada, Stanger of Bonneville and Foley of Canyon. - That county division is going to play a more important part this ses-1 sion than was anticipated is tonced ed by solons with the launching of two more division bills today. The first division bill was introduced in the senate Thursday. It seeks toj create the county of Jerome. Today bills to organize the county of Clark out of western Fremont I county, with Dubois as the county seat, and the county of Caribou out of Bannock, with Soda Springs as the county seat, were introduced. -♦ YANKEES FIRST BROKE HINDENBFRC JLU HINDENBERG LiNL.rNew - - Field Marshal Haig Reports Aciiun Took Place on September 29 | North of Bellinglise. _ I-ONDON.—American troops were fbc first to break the Hin^enbcrg bne, according to the Daily News in its comment on the report of FieId Marshal Sir Douglas Haig on th e operations from the end of Ap ril last to the close of hostilities. The News points out that at least the first mention of a break through contained in the field marshal's . e or t was in the course of his de scription of the day's work on Sep tember 29, in which he wrote: | North of Bellinglise the 30th Am- j erican division, Maj. Gen, E. M. I Lewis, having broken through the deep defenses of the Hindenberg line, stormed Bellincourt and seiz-1 ed Nouroy. On their left the 27th! American division, Maj. Gen. O'Ryan met with very heavy enfilading ma chine gun fire, but pressed on with| great gallantry as far as Jquoy, where a bitter struggle took place for a possession of the village. The | fighting on the whole front of the] 2nd American corps was severe and| Bellincourt, Nouroy, Gilemant farm and a number of other points, amid the intricate defenses of the Hindenberg line, strong bodies of the enemy held out with great ob-1 stinacy for many hours. | "These points of resistance were| gradually overcome either hy the support troops of the American di visions or by the 5th and 3rd Aus tralian divisions." I Connty Division Again Promises to Play Prominent Part in Campaign. « ♦ UNABLE TO LEAVE HOSPITAL 11 E. L. Anderson of the Anderson ■ Lumber company, who has been euf- 1 fering for many weeks with a broken 1 leg, is as yet unable to leave the hos- 1 pital at Logan. It is thought it will 1 two weeks before his condition I 1 will permit going to his home. | 1 Mr. Anderson hopes to resume his 1 duties at the lumber yard here about 1 middle of February. I * ♦ CURRENT EVENT CLUB i , depart " ea t J of the | Current club will meet Wednesday afternoon, Jan. 22 at the home of Mrs. 8. W. Wilson on South Shilling avenue. Besides the regular routine of business the program outline work 1 8te the January Year book will be | given. 2, to ♦ DAUGHTER IMPROVING Mrs. O. F. Smith returned Tues-1 evening from Reno, Nev„ where seriouB^illntss d of°her a M« e S WrighT aUghtW Mra - Mrs. Smith left her daughter much improved in health. She was able dau leave the hospital Tuesday. to i it Ii ATTORNEY GENERAL 8END8 HI8 RESIGNATION BECAUSE * ALA f * Y * 0T EFFICIENT. ' Prudent Has Agreed to Retirement Thomas .Watt. Gregory on. March • 4, but Has Not Yet Appointed . Hit fiiirtossbr „ > ,y a8h ngton ' Thomas Watt Gregory, *, tornay . gcn f ra of the United States sediJJU* bas resigned because I pecuniary. responsibilities," and will ^e Practice of law. Presl ! agreed ta Us retire a Z* Ma ^h 4. . ***; Gre gory 8 letter of resignation, da £ d Ja " uary 9 ' and the President's reply - cab ' ed *om Paris the next day. er «^ ade „ pub,lc Sunday night at the „ Wblte House - The attorney gen eral 8 letter disclosed that he had long ®°" sldered retiring from offlce and had discus f ed the matter wltb the pres dent , before Mr. Wilson went ab i? ad ' Mr> Gre gory's successor lias not yet been a PP° inted - «nd there has been no official intimation us to who he will be ' la speculation the names , nk L - I>olk ' counselor of the state department and acting secretary while Mr - Lansing is in Europe, and Senator Jaines Hamilton Lewis of Illinois were °" ed „ Gregory is the second cabinet °"* cer to resign recently on account of P ersonal financial considerations, William Gibbs McAdoo having retired last ' nontl1 as secre tary of the treas arj because be could not support his fandy ?J? tbe ca binet member's salary 12,900 tbe year- Mr ' Gregory is the , b man to ,eave tbe cabinet during the six years of President Wilson's ad " n 8 „ t l° n " Gtbers were Secretary of ® tate Bryan, Secretary of War Garrt 8an ' Attorna y General McReynolds, Mr ' Gregory s predecessor, who was f? po i!? ted t0 tbe su P re me court, and Mr - McAdo ° * Action on Relief Measure. Washington. Democratic members of tbe bouse rules committee have re versed tbe committee's previous ac tion and ordered the report of a rule S ,v,n S Immediate consideration to the b111 appropriating $100,000,000 for Eu r °pean famine relief, requested by President Wilson. - Twenty-one Killed in Wreck. Batavia, N. Y.—Twenty-one persons were killed and three were seriously in 11 ™ llls ' on ®" tbe York Central railroad at South Byron, six miles east of Batavia, early Monday morning. Both trains were west-bound, running behind schedule. P N Washington. — Representatives se lected at the farmers' national recon jstruction conference here last week to attend the peace conference at Paris were announced Sunday. They tn clue C. H. Gustafson of Nebraska and Dr. E- F. Ladd of North Dakota. - Many Want Hun Guns. Washington.—Many towns want cap tured German cannon and other war souvenirs for use as civic decorations. More than 125 bills to authorize do nation of captured field pieces have been introduced In the house and re fcrml to the military committee. --r THOMAS WATT GREGORY _ • j/e- ifo jHBmHB sUMh fat ' ^* 1 *'* r i xxlKSHV I I A I | of If Attorney General Thomas Watt Gregory, Who will retire from Presi Wilton's cabinet on March 4 amer Nanyo Maru wns lost when the vessel was sunk off Hokkaido, January next Crew of Japanese Steamer Lost London.—The crew of the Japanese according to a dispatch from Kobe. steamer was on its way from Kobe Marseilles. Kills Wife and Two Children, Crew ton, Iowa.—John Hoskins, a fafmer residing two miles north of Prescott, killed his wife and two step chl,dren ' severely ln J ured his own 8hter and then tried unsuccessfully kill himself. IDAHO BUDGET All IndlcatioDa point to the fact that the potato crop of Id.abo will be record-breaker this season. It has been definitely decided that the telephone rates at Moscow will n °* rtt, " ed Ju8t at P re8t * nt - , he people of Bonners Ferry are provemfnte 1 ^ 1 swn^s'sprln^^ther cornea. There was an Increase of over 100 P«r cent In the number of cattle fat tened in the Welser sect on the past season. The domestic science rooms of the Goodlna hlafa school have .-.m verte ,j lnto a temporary hosDital fer lnfl „ anTB .... . . . . . Teton ba*'n wtinn if u g . . . .. . . .. . ' ' nosl^on to kml ", . , y u cl of Buhl bas under plan8 for instructing a building to be used as a city hall, jai! J " ecessary off ^ e8 ' t A former near Boise, who last sea son bad fourteen acres planted to clo » ! eP ° rtS tha ' b L 8 returns for his small tract was $4272. The workmen at the penitentiary are busy puttlng up lce trom tbe P° n d fl r ranged for that purpose. *»ie peni tertiary ice house has a capacity for 200 tons. New state officials were inaugurated shortly after noon on January 6 in the house of representatives in the pres ence of both houses of the fifteenth session of the legislature, A serious outbreak of influenza among the horsds owned by dry farm ers of Bingham county was combatted by the farm bureau and $17,000 wns saved in actual horse value, out of respect to the memory of the late Colonel Theodore Roosevelt, both houses of the legislature, adjourned soon after organizing Monday noon un til 10 o'clock Tuesday morning. The city of Caldwell is planning to build crushed rock roads, which, it is believed, will greatly aid the trans portation problem in that section. The fl rst m n e to be built, it is estimated, w m cost $8000. One of the easiness reforms expect ed to come before the present session of the legislature will be a proposition for tho creation of a county purchasing board to inject business principles in the county schools, The advance in wages, freight rates und the i ncreased cost of supp ii es has brought the cost of ptoducing metal.: tn the 8ta(e 0 f j da h 0 to more than • We tne pre . war C08t( it is asserted by the raining men of the state. T he prison board, consisting of Gov ernor Davis Roy L Black attorney general, and Robert O Jones secre tary of state, has officially announced the appolntment of w L Cuddy of Boige as warden of the state peni tentlary. There are now thirty-eight cases of influenza at the penitentiary, only a few having developed in the past week. _. . . . .. . . „„ curred wh M Pent()rd !!!! " ' f Binaham countv for ' hnrtrinr^ Dassed awav y D gl -" v t ^ _ Announcement of staff appointees, as required by law? was the first of J a ^ a " e £ beJvaa sworn fn as the state s chief executive. Captain A. H. Wilson na med as adjutant general, and " aJor Jabez Burn ». assistant adju taat ; Bingham county now has the largest farni bureau tn the state, both as to number of farmers belonging and as to per < : ent of farmlng Pepuiation cov As a result of the membership drive, which closed last week, the total f men, b ers bas reached 1286, which represents 70 per cent of the farming population of the county, A * abor bureau organization to as 8ist the returned soldiers, sailors and other war workers has been organized n Gooding county. Committees from eacb °* tbe t° wns * n the connty have been appolnted and tbese ' w lth the representatives from the council of de fense aad the Pttrents ' associatI °n, will make up the organization - ° ne of the lar « est conventions to be held In the state this winter is the Idaho Irrigation congress, to be held Twin Falls January 13, 14, 15 and at which time a group of organlza Gons, all having kindred interests, six tee n in all, will confer with reference mntnal Interests, the agricultural, livestock, engineering and irrigation societies of the state. For the first time in many years indications are that there will be only one or two county division fights, if any, to come before the legislature. As many as five counties have been cre ated at sessions heretofore, and at present there are 41. Declining an offer of reappointment "solely on business grounds," John W. Graham, a member of the public utili ties commission since 1915, wrote Gov ernor-elect D. W. Davis that he will retire to private life when his term ex pires, January 13. Virtually the same legislative pro gram will be presented to the legis lature by the Idaho State Federation Labor as was presented last spring the. organization to t s e platform conventions of the various political parties, it is announced. Idaho should co-operate with Utah, Arizona and other arid states of the •vest in an attempt to secure ample ederal appropriations for Irrigation projects. This Is the' opinion ex iressed Friday by Aman Moore of Salt -ake City, president of the National Potash corporation. a a 12 the ing the I la" his HARVEST FROM UNDER OCEAN Kelp Hu Been Proved of Cueh Value In Industry That It la Now Care fully Gathered. A good deal has been written about the use of the seaweed, kelp, for the production of potash, and a good deal of extravagant dreaming has been in dulged in. However, the kelp industry has put Itself on a solid and prosper ous footing, and gold hi the shape of the indispensable potash is being, har vested from the waters of the Pacific. The cutters or harvesters are ocean going boats and stay out at sea all the time, while the bargea carry the mac erated kelp back to the wharf, where it Is pumped from the holds into for? menting tanks. Foreign matter- such aa bolts, nuts, etc., brought in with the kelp are removed by electromagnets before the pumps are reached. Harvesting consists la cutting the plant about six feet below the surface of the water. It hiis actually been found that this treatment Improves the growth and stand of the beds to such an extent that they may be cut over about every 90 days. The area cut at present extends from Point Conception south to the Mexican line. The potash is all used for chemical purposes, owing to its unique purity, and there is not enough of it to sup ply this demand. The total quantity of the pure product is not great enough to be considered seriously for fertilizer purposes. There are, however, a num ber of residues produced containing potash which amount to quite a ton nage. NOW SHORTAGE OF CANDLES British Food Ministry Seeks Method by Which It May Be Enabled to Regulate Supplies. News Is coming from many parts of the country that the shortage of candles Is Increasing owing to the fact many people who did not use them before are now supplementing theli gas and electric light nations by their use. It is becoming more clear every day that some means must be adopted to Insure that householders In rural districts, where there Is no gas or elec tricity, have an adequate supply of tllumlnants. Important national indus tries which cannot well be carried on without an adequate candle supply must also be protected. A scheme for controlling candle supplies Is engaging the attention of the ministry of food. During and since last winter there has been a candle shortage. The oils and fats branch of the ministry-of food, within whose view this matter comes, have received numerous complaints from rural councils and individuals of the difficulty of getting supplies and of retail prices going up by leaps and bounds. There 1^ evidence of a new demand having sprung up within the last six weeks, accentuating last win ter's shortage and making a candle famine Imminent.—Manchester Guard a lan. War Coinage In Germany. Due to metal shortage Germany has Instituted Iron coinage. The fraction al mark coins are no longer of copper and nickel, but are forgings of Sle mens-Martln steel. The coinage of copper was discontinued In 1917. Alu minum had been coined to a small ex tent before the war; the smallest coins, one and two pfennig pieces, are now made of aluminum, which Is more attacked by ordinary water, soda, salts, etc., than by distilled water. Zinc coins have recently been intro duced. Zinc coins had been used In French Indo-China; they are again more apt to corrode, especially when Impure with lead, cadmium and Iron, distilled water than In ordinary wa ter; they turn yellow-brown, but as sume a pleasant gray tint in soda and salt On the whole, the cheapest Iron coins have answered best.—Engineer to ing. New Burlap Subetltute. Manufacturers engaged on govern ment contracts are being offered a sub stitute for burlap by a large Massa chusetts mill which has discovered a material that can successfully be used baling. Instead ot 100 per cent jute, the substitute Is made of one strand of Swedish pulp paper and two strands of jute. It Is made nine and ounces in weight and 86, 40, and 48 Inches deep. A government test of the nine-ounce product shows a tensile strength of 119 pounds, as against 90 pounds for regular eight-ounce burlap. —New Bedford Standard. the and gas es. in is and New Textile Material. Textllit, said to be used In 23 of largest German factories, Is a sub stitute material that is predicted to outlast the war as a permanent addi to the textile Industry. It con sists of a paper thread and a fiber thread twisted together and, though percentage of long fiber Is very small, It Is claimed 'to have yielded products that the uninitiated cannot distinguish from the former linen and fabrics. The fiber gives a firm that paper fabrics do not pos The material is made into weav and sewing yarns and webs of all kinds. the „alr lated er ics Correct. A funny one occurred In Jndge Wood's court the other day, observes Los Angeles Times. It was a di cuse and the witness was In clined to be vague. Finally he mus up cam-age and said: "I can't testify much, judge, 'cause don't know what this Incompatibility land, from bolts ing "Cold feet and hot words," snapped honor. WOOL WILL LONG RE SCARCE Life of a Pound of Valuable Product Ha# Boon Shortened on Account of tho War. "Even with peace It Is doubtful If our clothe* will return to normal. In price or otherwise, until' long after the war," writes Douglas Jaspersen in Everybody's. "The necessity of re habilitating the millions of men in khaki is already a problem. This vast army to be reclothed will be a heavy drain upon the world's already ex hausted wool and shoddy markets. Then, too, the need of depleted Ger many for wool and shoddy should fur ther tend to Increase the shortage all over the world. * ^, "Ever since the beginning of the war shoddy has been disappearing from our midst at an alarming rate, while the production of wool has been en tirely Inadequate to the world's needs. "In normal times the life of a pound of wool In Its various Incarnations ex tends over a period of years. "But war, the most wasteful of all businesses, lias changed the old order of things. Both the virgin wool and the shoddy that went to make up that khaki coat for some soldier are burled," with its wearer, somewhere 'over there' and will never return to do duty for us again. And so, in a great many cases, the life of a pound of wool has been suddenly reduced from some where around six years to as many months. Wool alone can never clothe the world. It has been shoddy that kept the world's clothing bill down for many a year, and until the shoddy sup ply is normal again we can all expect to have more or less trouble with our clothes," IN SPANISH HALL OF FAME The^iame of Espartero, Duke of Vlt torla. Has Been Properly Ao corded High Position. Fifty years ago Queen Isabella was dethroned, and Spain threw off the yoke of the Bourbons and Inaugurated a new order of things, looking at least to the establishment of a constitutional government, if not a government of the people. Espartero, duke of Vlttorla, was placed at the head of the state. He had occupied that position on two for mer occasions. He aided In securing the succession of Isabella, and success fully led her armies In putting down the Garllsts. In the insurrection of 1840, caused by the law suppressing the freedom of speech in the town coun- • dls, Espartero became head of the government and was confirmed In that position by the cortes, and was ap pointed regent during the minority of the queen. Re was deposed In 1843 and had to fly to London for safety. In 1847 he was recalled to Spain ahd by the revolution of 1854, which drove the Queen Mother Christlnla and Nar vaez from the country, he was again placed at the head of the government, position which he resigned In 1856. Espartero was born in 1792. He the son of a wheelwright, commenced life as a common soldier In the Span ish army and gained his honors and titles by his own ability as a soldier and statesman. was White Light Best White light seems to be the most comfortable for the eye. In tests of the effects of various Ulumlnants C. E. Ferree and J. Rand, as described to the American Illuminating society, have need kerosene lamps and various Incandescent lamps and it appears from the results that the color of the light has a marked effect on eye fatigue. With the white light of the tungsten lamp there was the least loss the worker from need of resting the eyes. The fatigue waa somewhat greater with the yellow light of the carbon lamp or kerosene lamp, and greatest of all with the tungsten lamp having a blue bulb. 8ome Benefit From Poison Gas, Chemists are planning to use inven tions devised to protect soldiers from poison gas of the Huns for the pro tection of industrial workers in mines factories. The absorbents used In masks may also serve as safe guards from foul gases which generated In certain Industrial process Likewise, some of the poison gdses American chemists have devised reprisal against German deviltry, it believed, can be used in the exter mination of vermin and also for the dis infection of fruit orchards from insects other blights, snch as San Jose scale. nre Repopulation Problem. The reichstag Is concerned with problems which threaten the German birth rate. It is recommended to get workers away from the cities, where they can have small detached cottages In which light and country and nutritious food can be ob tained. This course would tend to In crease the number of births. It has been learned that about half of the muti soldiers are marrying women old than themselves, a custom which Is pernicious for repopulallon. To check Infant mortality more children's clin will be established. Building 8hfps While You Walt A crew of fourteen framers, two foremen and four riggers In the Sup ple-Ballln shipbuilding yards, at Port Ore., built and placed In position lumber In the yards elghty-nlne frames In forty and one-half hours. frames, being double, were built bolted together with sixty-four screw In each frame, and two coats of carbolineum were applied before hott together.