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The anniml meeting of the Idaho Society of Engineers was held ut Twin Fnlls lust week as part of the big Irrigation conference. Bingham county has sent $4000 for Armenians relief. This is the first county in Idaho'to "go over the top" In the campaign to raise $30,000,000 in the United States for relief in the near east. Sergt. Orville Jackson, mentioned in the casualty list as severely wounded, has sent his parents, Mr. and Mrs. G. F. Jackson at Middleton, a German helmet The helmet and letters were mailed from Germany. The triplets of Mrs. Thomas Moran of Boise, which have caused so much attention on the part of Idaho people ever since their birth, are all sick with Influenza. Mr. Moran's husband is serving with the army In France. Approximately 10,000 acres of Lem hi county farm and ranch land changed hands In 1918, the total aggregate price being. somewhere near $460,000. There were 'some 50 farms in the list and the average price paid was $46 an acre. Ernest Merrlfleld, who was arrested for forgery some time ago, pleaded guilty to the offense In the district court at Caldwell and was given an in determinate sentence of from one to 14 years In the state penitentiary. Boise Are fighters are now full fledged union members. They now have their charter from the Interna tional Association of Fire Fighters, and the local union is to be known as Boise Fire Fighters' union local No. 149. Ada County Council of Defense Is lending its approval to the coming drive In which It is planned to raise $8000 for the relief of Armenian, Sy rian and other refugees of western Asia who have been made destitute by the war. Governor D. W. Davis' contract with the Idaho Power company, through which his home at American Falls was 'supplied with electricity, is not dis criminatory, according to a decision an nounced by the public utilities com mission. The report of the Pocatello post office shows the sum of $112,734 in savings deposits in the local office as compared with $37,756 deposited on last January 1. During the month of December alone $31,290 was deposited end only $2,440 withdrawn. Influenza conditions are so serious at Kellogg that all public gatherings and schools have been put under the ban by order of the board of health. No gatherlngs of any nature in excess of six adults at any one place is permit ted under penalty of arrest. Officers of the Southern Idaho Wool groweft' association elected at the Twin Falls convention were as fol lows: President, Joseph Seaver, j Castieford, Idaho; vice president, I. P. Edwards, Kimberley; secretary-treas-1 urer, H. H. Schildman,* Filer. There have been a total of 24 fatal ities in Lemhi county from Influenza, 18 of which occurred at Salmon City. This Is a result of several hundred cases which have been reported In the county since the first outbreak of the disease, about the middle of October. J. W. Keefe, a Boise accountant, has been appointed chief clerk in the game warden's office by Otto M. Jones, warden. Keefe was prominent among the applicants for the position of warden, and had the indorsement of a large number of sportsmen of the state. The Idaho Irrigation congress is to back a bill in the legislature which creates a bureau' of water rights for the administration of the waters of the state, to be composed of three members, appointed by the governor, who are to serve nine-year terms at salaries of $7500 per annum. Tentative announcement of the pro gram planned for the general sessions of the Inland Empire Teachers' asso ciation meeting which will be held in Spokane April 2, 3, and 4 has been made by Miss Ethel E. Redfield, Idaho superintendent of schools and presi dent of the Inland association. Efforts to secure a half-million ad dltional endowment for the College of Itluho •are progressing satisfactorily according to Dr. Charles L. Chalfant, the vice president who is chalrifian of the campaign committee. Of the $150, O00 quota for southern Idaho and east ■ern Oregon $121,000 has been sub scribed. The ushering In of the Greek new jrear at Pocatello was the cause of wholesale arrests by the police in Greek quarters on gambling charges. A general roundup by members of the police and sheriff's forces resulted In thirty-seven arrests, and in each case the participants of the "poker" games were caught redhanded. The Secretary of the Ada Council of Defense and of the county bureau for getting work for returned soldiers, has sent out letters to all sec tor captains requesting them to can vans their sectors to search out any positions open for returned soldiers and also to get the names of any re turned soldiers who are hunting work. Idaho state council of defense will give recognition to those that have died in the service. Large certificates of recognition of death In the service with a message of condolence will shortly be sent to_.those nearest of kin. Draft registrants who believe that their classification as deserters is un» merited may now take tjjelr cases be fore their local boards for review with some hope of relief. 'This Is the in formation contained In a telegram re celved Inst week at the office of Adjo taut General Wilson from Provost Marshal General Orowder. a county at FEDERAL DRY UV !•* t w WILL BE 8ALOONLES8 NATION WITHIN YEAR AS RESULT OF THIS ACTION. Thirty-eight Commonwealths Ratify Prohibition Proposals, While Other States Are Expected to Fall Into Line. Washlngton.—Ratification on Janu ary 16 of the federal constitutional prohibition amendment made the United States the first great power take legislative action to permanently stop the liquor traffic. Nebraska's vote gave the necessary affirmative three-fourths majority the states to make effective the amend ment submitted by congress in Decem ber, 1917. It was followed by similar action in the legislatures of Missouri and Wyoming, making thirty-eight states in all which have approved "dry" America. - Affirmative action by some of the ten state legislatures yet to act is pre dicted by prohibition advocates. Under the terms of the amendment the manufacture, sale and Importation of intoxicatltg liquors must cease one year after ratification, but prohibition will be a fact in every state much earlier because of the war measure for bidding the manufacture and sale of alcoholic beverages after June 30, un til the demobilization of the military forces Is contemplated. Under the war time measure, exportation of liquor permitted, but the great stocks now held in bonded warehouses will have to be disposed of before the federal amendment becomes effective. Discussion as to whether the new amendment becomes a part of the con stitution now that thirty-six states have ratified It or whether it becomes a part of the basic law only when each state has certified its action to the secretary of state led to a search for precedent, which showed that the only two amendments ratified In the last half century, providing for in come taxes and direct election of sen ators, were considered effective tomne diately the thirty-sixth state had taken ; affirmative action, j hibltion amendment, held -that na tional prohibition becomef a perma nent fact January 16, 1920. Senator Sheppard, author of the pro La Follette's Speech Not Disloyal. Washington.—By a vote of 50 to 21, the senate on January 16 adopted a 'resolution recommended by a majority of the privileges and elections commlt tee, dismissing disloyalty charges brought against Senator La Follette of Wisconsin by the Minnesota public safety committee because of his speech tin the war delivered before the Non partisan league at St. Paul, Minn., September 20, 1917. Police 8catter Marching Men. Seattle, Wash.—Approximately 500 persons, leaving an open-air mass meeting and starting a parade through the city's business district singing I. W. W. songs, were dispersed Thurs day night by twenty mounted police officers, supported by five automobiles containing police armed with carbines, and behind these a platoon of police with clubs. Postpone Reorganization Plana. Washington.—The house military committee practically reached an agreement in conference with Secre tary Baker and General March, chief of staff, to postpone the war depart men reorganization bill until the next session of congress, and with it a large part of the prospective debate over the future lgllltary policy of the country. Hdlfand Town Under Guard. Amsterdam.—In view of rumors of the impending outbreak of a revolution In Holland, the Het Volk says military guards have been placed before the town hall and telegraph office at Ley den, which is about midway between Amsterdam and Rotterdam. Woman 8layer Sent to Prison. Chicago.—Mrs. Hilda Exlund was found guilty of the murder of her hus band and sentenced to fourteen years prison, the first woman to be con victed here of such a crime for a long period. She stabbed her husband with butcher knife. Williams to Stay. Washington.—Renomination of John Skelton Williams as comptroller of the currency when his term expires Feb ruary 2 will be recommended by Secre tary Glass. Protesllaus at Vladivostok. Ottawa, Ont.—The military depart ment has announced the safe arrival Valdivoetok of the troop ship, Pro tesilaus, recently reported In distress. Government Returning Vessels New York.—All American ships which were requisitioned by the United States shipping board during the war have been released to their owners, with the exception of those actually engaged In army service. Victory Liberty Loan NexL Washington.—The name of the next loan will be "The Victory Liberty ,01111," Secretary Glass announced 'inn's'lay. The exact date In the spring chon it Is to be floated has net boon Vied. RACIAL BLENDINGS IN SYRIA 8o Many Nation* Hava Overrun tha Country That No One Race Can Claim Pre-eminence. Syria, the region extending from the Taurus mountains to Egypt and from the desert to "the great sea," Is the land of the patriarchs and prophets and apostles—"the Holy Land." Its population numbers about three and one-half million of Semitic origin, speaking the Arabic language, and yet with so many races Intermingled through the centuries of the various conquests and occupations that the people cannot claim any one race as their own. Greek, Roman and Euro pean crusader, all have blended with the sclent Semitic stock to produce the Syrians of today. In Syria was the one green spot of Turke^—the Lebanon mountains. In 1860, because of the massacres, the European powers insisted that these mountains be made autonomous. And since that date this little district has been a living demonstration of what the people of the land are capable of becoming. The steep mountain sides have been terraced to a height of 4,000 feet and planted to olives, figs and vines. Taxes have been low, safety to person and property secured, good roads built and kept In repair.* The people have con structed ..more comfortable homes and have sent their sons to schools and col leges. The story of the achievements of the Lebanon and Its sons during these 60 years of autonomy would be a thrill ing narrative in itself. KEEP COOL AND KEEP WELL Some Point* of Importance to Be Re membered When an Epidemic Is Threatening Public Health. At Its worst any epidemic takes but a relatively small toll of the popula tion, and as a rule .the majority of people are resistant to the assaults of the worst disease germs, including In fluenza, If they but take ordinary care of themslves. Whatever medical science may advise as to prevention or as to treatment, one simple fact that outweighs every thing else Is that If every Individual will but follow the normal life he has led, eat those things that are suited to his system, things he has always eaten with resulting good health, rest and sleep as usual and avoid overfatigue while carrying on his work, also as usual, he will escape the pestilence. There Is no excuse for any panic, Above all, the Individual should re member that the first and last rule to follow In this state of things Is to keep cool and keep well. For the man who will keep cool will keep well, and the man who keeps well and has all his faculties about him will keep cool. This Is no time for official or Individ ual or collective hysteria.—Philadel phia Public Ledger. This Is important Extravagance. It makes no difference who adminis ters the extravagance or how high the purpose Is, extravagance Is an evil In ItselfT There is somewhat In the very fact that invites venality and corrup tion. The very sight of a great pile of money excites desire that too often finds some way for satisfying Itself. The papers are full of Instances of this kind. In fact, we could write a pretty good history of the country If we limited our narrative to graft and grabbing only, and yet much of It Is overlooked because It Is usual and ex pected. Extravagance has made many an unearned fortune and It Is doing as much these days, especially In govern ment contracts. This country should hasten to apply the doctrine that an overcharge Is a crime and that profit eering Is treason. There Is nothing that so destroys the democratic level of a nation, whether It appears on the heights or In the depths.—Ohio 8tate Journal. 8trlke That Failed. Labor strikes were frequent even In the earliest recorded days. An important strike occurred in Egypt during the reign of Cheops, several thousand years before the Christian era. While the great pyramid erected in honor of that monarch was In course of construction It is stated that 50.000 workmen refused to con tinue their labors. They were dis satisfied with the food furnished to them, which was Insufficient In quan tity and poor In quality. Argument proving useless on the part of the contractors, soldiers were ordered to drive the strikers back to work, and many thousands of them were cut to pieces, while those who could escape fled. The others were compelled to re sume their labor. Dogs In Roumanla. Each nation looks upon the dog In different way, but the dogs of war and the dogs of peace (of a pastoral and agricultural people like the Rou manians) areJbeyond doubt the intel ligentsia of their kind. A little far ther east he was sometimes held In fear, and an old Babylonian prayer runs thus: "From the dog, the snake, the scorpion, and whatever Is baleful, mny Merodach preserve us." ... On the other hand, on some of the won derful bas-reliefs of that period, our four-footed friends have been grate fully Immortalized, and their names remain written thereon to this day— "He who ran and barked." "The biter hls foes." "The selzer of hls ene mies." But here In Roumanla "slayer the wolf," "the friend of sheep," be tokens a less disinterested path In Ilfs.—Exchange. RETRIBUTION ON GERMANS FOR MURDER AND ILL TREATMENT OF ALLIED PRISONERS. Machinery and Goods Stolen by the Huns from France and Belgium to be Given up.—All the Boats to ✓ be Turned Over. London.—The new armistice terms tc be presented Germany by Marshal Foch are unofficially stated here to include the following: First—Retribution upon the Ger mans for the murder and ill-treatment of allied prisoners. Second—The machinery and goods stolen by Germany from France and Belgium to be at once given up. It Is pointed out France alone has 500,000 men who will be out of work until this machinery Is returned. Third—German gold, amounting to more than £100,000,000, to be moved from Berlin to a safe place, probably Frankfort, and protected from Bol shevism to Germany en route. Certain other property to be surrendered. Fourth—Germany to give over her shipping, of which she is believed to have 4,000,000 tons, to carry food sup plies to countries in Europe In need ol them. Fifth—Any U-boats on the stocks to be handed to the allies for their dis posal, or to be destroyed and nb more submarines should be built. X NEW OUTBREAK IS POSSIBLE Situation Exists in Europe Under.. Which War May Break Out Again. London.—The Central News declares that as a result of the allied discus sions in Paris, the whole aspect of demobilization has undergone a sud den and vital change, this being shown in tha drastic conditions demanded of Germany for a renewal of the armis tice. ly In "On authority of an unimpeachable character," says the ^Central News, "It can be stated that a situation exists In Europe under which war may break out again at any moment. The allied war council has arrived at a decision which means that-the British people have mistaken the appearance of peace for reality. This decision means that the new British ministry must revise the whole scheme of army demobiliza tion. "The decision is that Great Britain, In proportion to Its military strength, must maintain an army of occupation on the Rhine for many months. If the rapid Increase In demobilization re cently announced were continued, there would in a few months be no army In France to undertake the obligations placed upon British shoulders. MOLA88E8 KILL8 ELEVEN. Huge Tank Explodes and Wrecks Many Homes. Boston.—Eleven persons are known to have been killed and about fifty In jured by the explosion of a huge tank of molasses on the water front on Wednesday. Eight bodies were re moved from the wreckage and three men died at the Relief hospital. Most of thoes Injured suffered only from bruises. but 'im In A. BRUCE BIELASKI . It a m WM nle," sus, as as the "He tune have Don't as She r ew photograph of A. Bruce Biel a*ki, chief of the bureau of Investiga tion of the department of Justice, who been telling much of the doings of German agents and their friends In country. A of hood thing is was hls hugs son. boy. be Ing but •man Warns Against Extravagance. Washington.— A warning against ex travagance In appropriations was voiced in the senate Wednesday during discussion of an amendment to the census bill increasing the director's salary from $6000 to $7500. Shipyard Strike in Washington. Alierdeen, Wash.—One thousand workers, representing twelve unions affiliated with the metal workers, walked out' Wednesday in two ship yards here and ope In Hoqulam, Wash. men object to the Macy award. DIRE MENACE TO TRAVELER Stinging Tree of Queensland la, Fre quently Fatal to Unobservlng or Too Careless Hunter. Although the tropical shrubs of Queensland are luxuriant and beauti ful, they are not without their dan gerous drawbacks, for there is one plant umong them that Is deadly In Its effects. This Is the stinging tree. If a certain portion of the traveler's body Is burned by the stinging tree death will follow. "Sometimes while shooting turkeys in the scrubs I have entirely forgotten the stinging tree till warned of Its b ? 'a Tf" *",* °Y y once stung, and that very lightly. Its effects are curious; It leaves no mark, but the pain is maddening, and for months afterward the part • when touched Is tender, in rainy weather or when It gets wet in washing. "I have seen a man who treats ordi nary pain lightly roll on the ground In agony after being stung, md I have known a horse so completely mad, after getting Into a prove of these trees, that he rushed open-mouthed at everyone who approached him and had to be shot. Dogs, when stung, will rush about whining piteously, biting pieces from the affected part. The small stinging treed 1 , a few inches high, are as dangerous as any, being hard to see and seriously Impeding one's ankles." The stinging tree emits a peculiar ^nd disagreeable smell. It is best known, however, by Its leaf, which Is nearly round nnd has a point at the urinsnn .. 1(> , _ HEADGEAR OF ALL FASHIONS top. In the Revolutionary War the Hats Worn by the Soldiers Were of Many Designs. I In our past wars there were no such things as flying shrapnel, or airplanes that dropped darts of steel on the soldiers below, so American soldiers wore ordinary army hats. But modern warfare has made It necessary that soldiers wear helmets of steel. In the Revolutionary war our sol diers' hats were of many designs. One of the most common was the "cocked" hat, made of black or brown felt and turned up on the sides to form three corners. The Virginia riflemen wore brown felt hats with one side turned up, and the Maryland riflemen brown fur-trimmed hats. The hat generally worn by the New Fork rangers or rifleman .was of black felt, cap shaped, turned up In front, with a plume. Sometimes words were marked on the front, such as "Liber ty." "Death," etc. Soldiers in the cavalry or "light horse" of Philadel phia wore sportsmen's caps, ornament ed with bucks' tails. Hats worn by the First Governors' j foot guards of Connecticut were close ly modeled after those of the British Grenadiers. They were of black fur, cap shaped, with a piece of yellow felt h In front On the side they were deco rated with a red plume. Privates In the Pennsylvania companies wore j braid-bound hats. The dragoons wore cap-shaped helmets: Promising Opening. The. traveling showman was waxing eloquent as he described the charac teristics of hls wild horse from Tar tary. | "Ladles and gents," he said, "this hanlmal Is a real terror. If there's any gent in this comp'ny as fancies hlsself as a rider, Til give him five pounds for every minute he sticks on this hoss. I've rid bosses all my life, , but this hoss Is beyond me. I've tried I 'im every way, but 'e shakes me off ten seconds." The showman waited until the I laughter had* died down. I "My lad," he said, wltheringly, "I've thought of that. But nature has been I unkind to 'im In the matter of mouth; I ain't big enough. Nbw, If It 'ad al been yours—" I But the humorist did not wait to hear the logical ^conclusion of the hypothesis. "Why not get Inside him?" queried humorist in Naval Nicknames. ■ Curious nicknames are applied to I vessels of the British navy. The Ariadne Is known as the "Hairy An nle," or "Haggy Agonythe Nards- | sus, as "Nasty Sister;" the Cressy Greaser;" the Inconstant the "Inkstand," the Iphlgenia the "Silly Jane;" the Lucjfer as I "Match Box;" the Hecate as the I "He Cat," or "The Tom," and the Nep tune as the "Jew's Harp." In the ers American navy similar nicknames have been used to some extent. The | Sassacus was known as the "Sassy Cuss;" the Miantonomoh as "My Aunt Don't Know;" the Wlssahlckon as the the "Widow Higgins;" the Winnebago or h n perhaps the Wyalluslng as "We Know i t8 Goes Slow." Chicago Daily News. I u . Would Be Lonely. A little friend of mine is quite a mis chievous little boy, and after a day play with the boys of the neighbor- I hls conduct is not always every thing his mother could wish. But he quite a lovable little chap, too, and one day showing hls affection for mother In true boy fashion, with and kisses. Hls father looked approvingly and said: "That Is good, That Is the way I like to see my | Can't you always play nicely and tbe good?" The answer voiced the feel of Young America; "Sure, I can, ft I Warsaw.—A pogrom Is reported to have tttken P«»<» at Bredltschew. hnve been lnore bltter 'y hated because | of thelr alle « ed Bolshevist tendencies and also their employment by the Bol shevik! as spies in many cases, they .being the only intelligent or educated lntruments obtainable for this work. TROUBLE REPORTED TO HAVE OCCURRED FOLLOWING AT TEMPT TO DISARM JEWS. Believed That Outbreak Was Result of Suspicion That Victims Had Acted as Spies for the Bolsheviki During Recent Months. pop ularly known as the Jewish cupital of the Ukraine, the pluce deriving Its title because of its all-Jewlsh population. The trouble \is reported to have oc curred as a result of an attempt by peasants to disarm militia which, the Jews were organizing for their pro tection in all centers, which they an ticipated. would be necessary when the Moscow government breaks up. Reports received here give the num ber of persons killed as several hun dred, while other hundreds are de I dared to have been wounded. It is considered here that the Con trol of Petlura, the Ukranian leader, has weakened, as otherwise he would not have permitted the pogrom, bis policy previously having been to pro tect the Jews when possible.. It is pointed out that the Jews lutely THIRTY 8TATES IN LINE. Only 8lx More Needed to 8ecure Na tional Prohibition. Chicago.—Seven states on January 114 completed ratification of the pro 1 „ , ,,, , , _ . at,onal Worker8 De,ense league to declde upon a p,an of actIon t0 ob ' taln new trial8 for Thomas J - Mooney aad Warren Billings, now serving life terms for murder in connection with hibltion constitutional amendment and brought the number taking such action to thirty. The number necessary for ratification Is thirty-six. Alabama, Arkansas, California, Illi nois, Indiana, Kansas and North Caro lina were the states that completed ratification. The states which thus far have rat ified the amendment are: Kentucky^ Virginia, Mississippi, South Carolina, North Dakota, Mary land, Montana, Arizona, Delaware, Texas, South Dakota, Massachusetts, Georgia, Louisiana, Florida, Michigan, Ohio, Oklahoma, Tennessee, Idaho, Maine, West Virginia, Washington, California, Indiana, Arkansas, Illinois, North Carolina, Kansas and Alabama. Total, 30. Socialists Barred by MeeneyKes. Chicago.—Socialists and members of the I. W. W. made an unsuccessful at tempt to gain control of the National Labor congress called by the Inter the San Francisco Preparedness day parade bomb outrage in July, 1916. Americans in Russia Healthy. Washington.—Col. George E. Stew art, commanding the American troops In the Archangel sector of Russia, In a message received at the war depart ment under date of January 11, re ported that he had made a personal tour of the wide front over which the Americans are scattered and found the . , ef * u pment arap e - general health, discipline, clothing and Jumped From Runaway Balloon. Chathamr Mass.—The engine of a Blimp balloon, sent up from the naval av * atlon camp here to take photo Kraphs of the camp, stalled In the air, and lts four occupants, after being ca rrled to Nauset beach, jumped to safety. When the men jumped, the !*hip was only about thirty feet above the beach. Peasants Rebel Against Reds. Stockholm.—A violent peasant rising the Interior of Russia against the imposition of excessive taxes by the Bolsheviki, and against the "commit tees for fighting poverty" which ex erc,8ed a t J rrann,Cttl dictatorship In tbe vllla 8 aa > *■ reported, the war, there will be no let-up In the movement to have women take more interest In farming, according to speak before the^woman's land army of America, which concluded Its first an nual convention here Wednesday. Farmerettes Hope of Nation. Philadelphia.—Despite the ending of Pastors' Salaries to be Increased. New York.—The Presbyterian church the United States has provided In 1919 budget for a fund of a mil n dollars to Increase the salaries of those among Its pastors who are not considered adequately paid. New York.—George R. Sheldon, fin ancter and former treasurer of the Republican national committee, died Tuesday at Carbondale, Bl., of Injuries received In a mine accident recently that city. on h*° Advance In Clothes Prices, Chicago.—Conservative members of Na t ional Association of Retail Clothiers, who opened a peace-time re adjustment conference Tuesday, de c,ttred that there will be no advance In price of clothing for 1919. 8heldon'a Injuries Fatal.